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Study sets matching "term:gene regulation = ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed in response to the environment"

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Study sets matching "term:gene regulation = ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed in response to the environment"

7 terms
Gene Regulation
Gene regulation
Negative regulation
Positive regulation
Operons
_____ is the ability of an organism to control which genes ar…
_____ is when repressor proteins bind to the promoter region…
_____ is when activator proteins bind to the promoter region…
Prokaryotes regulate gene expression with _____
Gene regulation
_____ is the ability of an organism to control which genes ar…
Negative regulation
_____ is when repressor proteins bind to the promoter region…
8 terms
bio 12.4
operon
parts of an operon
gene regulation
trp operon
section of DNA that contains the genes for the proteins neede…
operator, promoter, regulatory gene and genes coding for prot…
is the ability of an organism to control which genes are tran…
series of five steps -the repressible operon because transcri…
operon
section of DNA that contains the genes for the proteins neede…
parts of an operon
operator, promoter, regulatory gene and genes coding for prot…
13 terms
12.5 Gene Regulation
operon
operator
enhancer
differentiation
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
A segment of DNA to which a transcription factor binds to reg…
A DNA sequence that functions as a regulatory element. The bi…
Change in structure and function of a cell as it matures; spe…
operon
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
operator
A segment of DNA to which a transcription factor binds to reg…
12 terms
Regulation of Gene Expression
Gene Regulation
Operon
Structural Gene
Regulatory Gene
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
A unit of genetic function common in bacteria and phages, con…
a gene that codes for a product, such as an enzyme, protein,…
A gene that codes for a protein, such as a repressor, that co…
Gene Regulation
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
Operon
A unit of genetic function common in bacteria and phages, con…
8 terms
Unit 11: Level 26: Gene Regulation
Gene Regulation
Gene Expression
Operon (Promoter, Repressor, Operator,…
Lac
The ability of an organism to control which genes are transcr…
The process by which a gene produces its product and the prod…
A segment of DNA containing adjacent genes including structur…
Lactose. Glucose + Galactose.
Gene Regulation
The ability of an organism to control which genes are transcr…
Gene Expression
The process by which a gene produces its product and the prod…
9 terms
Control of Gene Expression
gene regulation
gene expression
promoter
operator
the turning on and off of genes; control of which genes are b…
overall process by which genetic information flows from genes…
site on a DNA strand that precedes a gene, where the RNA poly…
a DNA control sequence between the promoter and the genes tha…
gene regulation
the turning on and off of genes; control of which genes are b…
gene expression
overall process by which genetic information flows from genes…
6 terms
Biology 2-4
Gene expression
Gene regulation
Inverse
Mutation
The process by which the information encoded in a gene is use…
The ability of an organism to regulate which genes are transc…
Backwards
A change in one or more of the nitrogen bases in DNA
Gene expression
The process by which the information encoded in a gene is use…
Gene regulation
The ability of an organism to regulate which genes are transc…
14 terms
12.4 (PP ONLY) Gene Regulation
Pro
operon, Pro
TRP
Lac
Ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
An _____ is a section of DNA that contains the genes for the…
What are the one type of Operon? (T__)
What are the one type of Operon? (L__)
Pro
Ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
operon, Pro
An _____ is a section of DNA that contains the genes for the…
31 terms
Chapter 12: Regulation of Gene Expression
Gene Regulation
2 Approaches to Regulating Cell Activity
Operon
Tryptophan
The ability of an organism to control which genes are transcr…
-Turn off/turn on enzymes to control cell activity... -Alter exp…
An operator (on/off switch) to which a repressor can bind... -A…
A co-repressor... -Binds to repressor and turns on repressor pro…
Gene Regulation
The ability of an organism to control which genes are transcr…
2 Approaches to Regulating Cell Activity
-Turn off/turn on enzymes to control cell activity... -Alter exp…
7 terms
Lugo Biology 13.3 Gene Regulation and Expression
operon
operator
RNA interference
differentiation
group of genes operating together
In an operon, the binding site for the repressor
Blocking gene expression by means of an miRNA silencing compl…
Process in which cells become specialized in structure and fu…
operon
group of genes operating together
operator
In an operon, the binding site for the repressor
8 terms
Molecular Genetics
Condon
DNA
DNA helicase
DNA ligase
3 base code in Dna or Mrna
A molecule which is formed by nucleic acids that determine ge…
An enzyme which is responsible unwinding and unzipping the do…
The enzyme that connects the okazaki fragments
Condon
3 base code in Dna or Mrna
DNA
A molecule which is formed by nucleic acids that determine ge…
6 terms
An overview of gene control
Transcriptional control
RNA processing control
RNA transport and localisation control
Translational control
Regulation of a gene by controlling when and how often its tr…
Regulation of gene expression by controlling the processing o…
Regulation of gene expression by selecting which completed mR…
Regulation of gene expression by selecting which mRNAs in the…
Transcriptional control
Regulation of a gene by controlling when and how often its tr…
RNA processing control
Regulation of gene expression by controlling the processing o…
8 terms
Biology Terms Pt. 2
Codon
Intron
Exon
Translation
3 based code in DNA or mRNA.
Portions that are "cut out" of RNA while still in the nucleus.
Segment of DNA that is transcribed into RNA. Makes up the fin…
Occurs in cytoplasm of the cell on a ribosome. Uses informati…
Codon
3 based code in DNA or mRNA.
Intron
Portions that are "cut out" of RNA while still in the nucleus.
24 terms
Regulation of Gene Expression (Chapter 11)
Gene Regulation
Constitutive Genes
When is gene expression regulated?
Promoter
Ability of cells to control the level and time of gene expres…
Genes that are not regulated and are expressed most of the ti…
Before or during transcription, before or during translation,…
Site where RNA polymerase binds and is usually involved in th…
Gene Regulation
Ability of cells to control the level and time of gene expres…
Constitutive Genes
Genes that are not regulated and are expressed most of the ti…
Chapter 11:How Genes are Controlled
activators
adult stem cells
alternative RNA splicing
cellular differentiation
Molecules that increase Enzyme Activity
Cells present in adult tissues that generate replacements for…
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
The process by which a cell becomes specialized in order to p…
activators
Molecules that increase Enzyme Activity
adult stem cells
Cells present in adult tissues that generate replacements for…
6 terms
Biology Chapter 12 Set #3
codon
translation
gene regulation
operon
three base code in DNA or RNA
process in which mRNA attaches to the ribosome and a protein…
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
section of DNA containing genes for proteins required for a s…
codon
three base code in DNA or RNA
translation
process in which mRNA attaches to the ribosome and a protein…
10 terms
Gene Regulation Salek
Operon
Operator
Repressor
Promoter
Group of genes that are all regulated together (prokaryotic)
Region in the operon where the repressor binds (prokaryotic)
Turns off transcription by binding to the operator
Where RNA polymerase binds
Operon
Group of genes that are all regulated together (prokaryotic)
Operator
Region in the operon where the repressor binds (prokaryotic)
12 terms
PDA 1
housekeeping genes
constitutive gene expression
regulated gene expression
gene induction
genes that are expressed all the time and at the same level t…
housekeeping genes that are expressed throughout the cell's l…
when expression of a gene changes in response to any metaboli…
when the amount of a gene product increases in response to a…
housekeeping genes
genes that are expressed all the time and at the same level t…
constitutive gene expression
housekeeping genes that are expressed throughout the cell's l…
195 terms
BIO101: Chapter 13: Gene Regulation
define gene expression
define gene regulation
define constitutive genes
how do living organisms benefit from g…
- process by which the information within a gene is made into…
- the ability of cells to control the expression of their genes
gene that have relatively constant levels of expression in al…
- it conserves energy
define gene expression
- process by which the information within a gene is made into…
define gene regulation
- the ability of cells to control the expression of their genes
53 terms
Chapter 16: Regulation of Gene Expression in Prokaryotes
How is Gene Expression Regulated?
Prokaryotes Regulate Gene Expression i…
Enzymes may be:
Example of a repressible enzyme
Most prokaryotic gene products are present continuously at a…
-E.coli has served as a good model system for the regulation…
-inducible (adaptive): produced only when certain chemical su…
Tryptophan: if present there is no reason for organism use en…
How is Gene Expression Regulated?
Most prokaryotic gene products are present continuously at a…
Prokaryotes Regulate Gene Expression i…
-E.coli has served as a good model system for the regulation…
11 terms
CarterBredin_Mendel's Laws
Gregor Mendel
Genes
Genetics
Incomplete dominance
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
DNA segments that serve as the key functional units in heredi…
The scientific study of heredity
A pattern of inheritance in which two alleles, inherited from…
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
Genes
DNA segments that serve as the key functional units in heredi…
284 terms
BIOL 214 Ch 16 Regulation of Gene Expression
the fundamental level of control of ge…
a level of control that fine-tunes reg…
a level of control that fine-tunes reg…
a level of control that fine-tunes reg…
transcriptional regulation
posttranscriptional regulation
translational regulation
post-translational regulation
the fundamental level of control of ge…
transcriptional regulation
a level of control that fine-tunes reg…
posttranscriptional regulation
82 terms
BIOL 1105 lesson 14
regulates gene expression in response…
regulates gene expression for developm…
measured at particular point of time b…
process of converting genetic informat…
prokaryotes
eukaryotes
genes level of expression
gene expression
regulates gene expression in response…
prokaryotes
regulates gene expression for developm…
eukaryotes
10 terms
Chapter 12.4 - Honors Biology
gene regulation
operon
mutation
mutagen
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
section of DNA containing genes for proteins required for a s…
permanent change in a cell's DNA, ranging from changes in a s…
substance, such as a chemical, that causes mutations
gene regulation
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
operon
section of DNA containing genes for proteins required for a s…
8 terms
Biology Chapter 12 Section 4 Vocabulary
differentiation
hox genes
gene regulation
mutagen
is the process through which the cells become specialized in…
a group of genes that control differentiation; important for…
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
substance, such as chemical, that causes mutations
differentiation
is the process through which the cells become specialized in…
hox genes
a group of genes that control differentiation; important for…
12 terms
Unit 5:Molecular Genetics & Biotechnology
RNA
DNA
Chargaffs Rule
Transcript
Nucleus acids that help to control cellular chemical activities
Strands that store and communicate genetic information to cells
Edwin Chargaff discovered that pairs of DNA could line up to…
Transferring of DNA to mRNA
RNA
Nucleus acids that help to control cellular chemical activities
DNA
Strands that store and communicate genetic information to cells
14 terms
Chapter 18- gene regulation
gene regulation
constitutive
operon
operator
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
Enzymes that are expressed at a constant level all the time a…
A unit of genetic function common in bacteria and phages, con…
A specific DNA nucleotide sequence where transcriptional regu…
gene regulation
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
constitutive
Enzymes that are expressed at a constant level all the time a…
14 terms
Genetics Chapter 12- Control of Gene Expression
Gene Regulation
Gene
Structural genes
Regulatory genes
Encompasses the mechanisms and systems that control the expre…
Any DNA sequence that is transcribed into an RNA molecule whi…
Encode proteins used in metabolism or biosynthesis or that pl…
Encode proteins or RNAs that interact with other sequences af…
Gene Regulation
Encompasses the mechanisms and systems that control the expre…
Gene
Any DNA sequence that is transcribed into an RNA molecule whi…
153 terms
Prokaryotes Gene Regulation
what is gene regulation
what level does gene regulation occur
What is gene expression
what happens to RNA after being transc…
contorols whethr an active protein is produced from a gene
many
gene is transcribed into RNA
it is translated into protein
what is gene regulation
contorols whethr an active protein is produced from a gene
what level does gene regulation occur
many
46 terms
BIO Ch. 14 Gene Regulation
transcriptional-level control
constitutive genes
regulating activity, regulating number…
operons
mechanism used by bacteria for gene regulation
genes that are always needed and constantly transcribed
ways in which cell metabolic activity is controlled
gene complexes that regulate functionally related genes and t…
transcriptional-level control
mechanism used by bacteria for gene regulation
constitutive genes
genes that are always needed and constantly transcribed
15 terms
Control of Gene Expression in Prokaryotes/Eukaryotes
operon
Jacob-Manod model
types of operons
inducible operon
cluster of genes transcribed as single mRNA; found in prokary…
regulator -> promoter -> operator -> structural genes ... - regu…
inducible operon and repressible operon
- normally off as repressor bound to operator ... - inducer bind…
operon
cluster of genes transcribed as single mRNA; found in prokary…
Jacob-Manod model
regulator -> promoter -> operator -> structural genes ... - regu…
14 terms
61- 74
Hiv
Retrovirus
Reverse transcription
Reverse transcriptase
AIDS
An RNA virus that reproduces by transcribing its RNA into DNA…
RNA to DNA
An enzyme encoded by some certain viruses (retroviruses) that…
Hiv
AIDS
Retrovirus
An RNA virus that reproduces by transcribing its RNA into DNA…
10 terms
Michell_Mendel's Laws
Genes
Genotypes
Sex Cells
Incomplete Dominance
DNA segments that serve as the key functional units in heredi…
Genetic makeup of an organism
An egg or sperm; a sex cell carries half the number of chromo…
A pattern of inheritance in which two alleles, inherited from…
Genes
DNA segments that serve as the key functional units in heredi…
Genotypes
Genetic makeup of an organism
11 terms
H-Bio: Genetics
Adult Stem Cells
Cellular Differentiation
Embryonic Stem Cells
Gene Expression
Cells that are along the way to becoming specialized, but sti…
Cells that become specialized in structure and function.
Cells that are not specialized for anything, and can create a…
When a gene is "turned on" and transcribed into RNA.
Adult Stem Cells
Cells that are along the way to becoming specialized, but sti…
Cellular Differentiation
Cells that become specialized in structure and function.
21 terms
NGS Gen Regulation 29
NextGen sequencing
Steps to NGS
NGS in PCR steps
Bridge PCR
Creates extra DNA
-DNA is broken up into fragments.... -Adapter containing primer…
-DNA fragment is amplified by PCR... -DNA is made single stranded.
A form of PCR that is done on a flat surface coated with two…
NextGen sequencing
Creates extra DNA
Steps to NGS
-DNA is broken up into fragments.... -Adapter containing primer…
12 terms
gene expression
Production of a functional RNA or prot…
Cell can change the pattern of gene ex…
Some genes are expressed at all times…
Unvarying expression of a gene is ____…
gene expression
environment
housekeeping genes
constitutive
Production of a functional RNA or prot…
gene expression
Cell can change the pattern of gene ex…
environment
148 terms
Chapter 18 regulation of gene expression
transcription
many
Promoter / TATA box
metabolism
Bacteria often respond to environmental change by regulating…
Eukaryotic gene expression is regulated at __________ stages
The binding site of RNA polymerase
Cells control __________ by regulating enzyme activity or the…
transcription
Bacteria often respond to environmental change by regulating…
many
Eukaryotic gene expression is regulated at __________ stages
17 terms
Chapter 11 Vocabulary_Stallworth
Gene regulation
Gene expression
Promoter
Operator
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
Conversion of the information encoded in a gene first into me…
A specific nucleotide sequence in DNA that binds RNA polymera…
A specific DNA nucleotide sequence where transcriptional regu…
Gene regulation
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
Gene expression
Conversion of the information encoded in a gene first into me…
44 terms
Chapter 16 - Control of Gene Expression
gene regulation
structural genes
regulatory genes
regulatory elements
key to unicellular flexibility (turning genes on and off) and…
encode proteins used in metabolism or that play a structural…
genes whose products (DNA binding proteins) interact with oth…
affect the expression of sequences to which they are physical…
gene regulation
key to unicellular flexibility (turning genes on and off) and…
structural genes
encode proteins used in metabolism or that play a structural…
15 terms
Exam 4
Gene Regulation
Gene Expression
Your bone cells, muscle cells, and ski…
A group of prokaryotic genes with rela…
The ability of an organism to control which genes are transcr…
The process by which information encoded in DNA directs the s…
C.
operon
Gene Regulation
The ability of an organism to control which genes are transcr…
Gene Expression
The process by which information encoded in DNA directs the s…
28 terms
How genes are controlled
cellular differentiation
gene regulation
gene expression
lac operon
The process by which a cell becomes specialized in order to p…
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
process by which a gene produces its product and the product…
a gene system whose operator gene and three structural genes…
cellular differentiation
The process by which a cell becomes specialized in order to p…
gene regulation
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
8 terms
DNA & RNA terms
gene regulation
operon
mutation
point mutation
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
section of DNA that acts as an on/off switch for transcription
permanent change occurs in cells DNA
one base is exchanged for another (substitution)
gene regulation
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
operon
section of DNA that acts as an on/off switch for transcription
13 terms
DNA/RNA/Protein Synthesis
DNA
nucleotide
DNA replication
RNA
A double helix held together by hydrogen bonds between the ba…
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
the process of making a copy of DNA
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
DNA
A double helix held together by hydrogen bonds between the ba…
nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
17 terms
Ch. 18 Regulation of Gene Expression
promoter
operator
operon
repressor
a specific nucleotide sequence in the DNA of a gene that bind…
region of chromosome in an operon to which the repressor bind…
in prokaryotes, a group of adjacent genes that shares a commo…
A protein that binds to an operator and physically blocks RNA…
promoter
a specific nucleotide sequence in the DNA of a gene that bind…
operator
region of chromosome in an operon to which the repressor bind…
22 terms
Ch. 15 Vocabulary- Gene Regulation
Constitutive Genes
Differentation
End-Product Repressor
Enhancer
Genes that are continually transcribed throughout the life of…
Cells that do not develop into the many different types of ce…
Process in which the presence of the end product prevents its…
Increase rate of transcription
Constitutive Genes
Genes that are continually transcribed throughout the life of…
Differentation
Cells that do not develop into the many different types of ce…
198 terms
Genetics Chapter 12 (2)
Process by which bacteria take up new…
A major means by which antibiotic resi…
The ability to carry out transformation
The ability to carry out transformatio…
Transformation
Transformation
Competence
Com regulon
Process by which bacteria take up new…
Transformation
A major means by which antibiotic resi…
Transformation
162 terms
Microbial Genetics: Operons!
what are operons a form of?
yes
bacteria
cell; proteins; proteins
what are operons a form of?
Do all cells have a form of regulation going on regular basis?
operons are restricted to what?
Many time the ____ does Not need all the ____ at their highes…
what are operons a form of?
what are operons a form of?
yes
Do all cells have a form of regulation going on regular basis?
23 terms
Control of Gene Expression
Cloning
Gene Regulation
Operon
Regulatory Proteins
-nucleus is removed from an egg cell and replaced with the nu…
-the process of turning a gene on or off... -caused by proteins…
-genes for related enzymes which are often controlled in units
-binds to control sequences in the DNA... -
Cloning
-nucleus is removed from an egg cell and replaced with the nu…
Gene Regulation
-the process of turning a gene on or off... -caused by proteins…
20 terms
Bio. Ch. 12 Specific Names
Sickle Cell Disease
Fragile x Syndrome
Missense
Nonsense
Glutamate to valine
CCG codons repeat hundreds of times
Substitution; achondroplasia
Substitution; muscular dystrophy
Sickle Cell Disease
Glutamate to valine
Fragile x Syndrome
CCG codons repeat hundreds of times
30 terms
Ch15 Gene regulation in Prokaryotes
Gene Expression
RNA polymerase
Promoter
ribosome binding sites
The process by which a genes information is converted into RN…
the enzyme that transcribes the DNA sequence into an RNA tran…
DNA sequences near two (and usually upstream of) a gene (s) t…
region on prokaryotic mRNAs containing both an initiation cod…
Gene Expression
The process by which a genes information is converted into RN…
RNA polymerase
the enzyme that transcribes the DNA sequence into an RNA tran…
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