Study sets matching "term:gene regulation = all somatic cells ahve the same dna/rna becuase they divide by mitosis"

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Study sets matching "term:gene regulation = all somatic cells ahve the same dna/rna becuase they divide by mitosis"

36 terms
BIOL 111 Cell cycle, mitosis, and meiosis
G1 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
G0 Phase
A stage of interphase that the cell naturally grows and devel…
DNA replication occurs
Cell makes the organelles needed
G1 Phase
A stage of interphase that the cell naturally grows and devel…
S Phase
DNA replication occurs
41 terms
Unit 4: DNA and Cell Cycle
Inherited Traits
Genetics
Nucleic Acid
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
Traits or characteristics that are received directly from par…
The study of inherited traits (genes) in organisms.
organic molecule that contains genetic information, DNA and RNA
a double-stranded nucleic acid that contains genetic informat…
Inherited Traits
Traits or characteristics that are received directly from par…
Genetics
The study of inherited traits (genes) in organisms.
43 terms
Biology vocab 5 (Cell Reproduction)
DNA
cell cycle
DNA replication
semi-conservative
deoxyribonucleic acid, helix shaped structure that is the car…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
process of copying DNA to make an identical DNA
Each new DNA has DNA strand from a parent
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, helix shaped structure that is the car…
cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
28 terms
DNA
DNA
Nucleotides
Base
Double helix
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Basic units of DNA molecule, composed of a sugar, a phosphate…
A unit of DNA, there are 4 bases: adenine (A), thymine (T), c…
Shape of DNA
DNA
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Nucleotides
Basic units of DNA molecule, composed of a sugar, a phosphate…
34 terms
Mitosis
Anaphase
Metaphase
Prophase
Telophase
Which stage of mitosis does this image represent?
Which stage of mitosis does this image represent?
Which stage of mitosis does this image represent?
Which stage of mitosis does this image represent?
Anaphase
Which stage of mitosis does this image represent?
Metaphase
Which stage of mitosis does this image represent?
26 terms
Mitosis
MITOSIS
CYTOKINESIS
CHROMATID
CENTROMERE
Part of cell division in eukaryotic cells in which the nucleu…
Part of cell division in which the cytoplasm is divided betwe…
One of two identical parts or arms of a chromosome
Region of the chromosome where the 2 sister chromatids are he…
MITOSIS
Part of cell division in eukaryotic cells in which the nucleu…
CYTOKINESIS
Part of cell division in which the cytoplasm is divided betwe…
28 terms
Mitosis
MITOSIS
CYTOKINESIS
CHROMATID
CENTROMERE
Part of cell division in eukaryotic cells in which the nucleu…
Part of cell division in which the cytoplasm is divided betwe…
One of two identical parts or arms of a chromosome
Region of the chromosome where the 2 sister chromatids are he…
MITOSIS
Part of cell division in eukaryotic cells in which the nucleu…
CYTOKINESIS
Part of cell division in which the cytoplasm is divided betwe…
Mrs. Uselton Cell Cycle, Mitosis and Meiosis
binary fission
cancer
cell cycle
cell division
type of cell division that occurs in prokaryotic cells in whi…
disease that occurs when the cell cycle is no longer regulate…
repeating series of events that a cell goes through during it…
process in which a parent cell divides to form two daughter c…
binary fission
type of cell division that occurs in prokaryotic cells in whi…
cancer
disease that occurs when the cell cycle is no longer regulate…
Mitosis
MITOSIS
CYTOKINESIS
CHROMATID
CENTROMERE
Part of cell division in eukaryotic cells in which the nucleu…
Part of cell division in which the cytoplasm is divided betwe…
One of two identical parts or arms of a chromosome
Region of the chromosome where the 2 sister chromatids are he…
MITOSIS
Part of cell division in eukaryotic cells in which the nucleu…
CYTOKINESIS
Part of cell division in which the cytoplasm is divided betwe…
Biology -(Terms & Photos)- Chapter 6- "Chromosomes & Cell Reproduction"
gamete
binary fission
gene
chromosome
Sex cell
A form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to f…
section of chromosome that codes for a protein or RNA molecule
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
gamete
Sex cell
binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to f…
35 terms
Pre AP Biology Mitosis
Why do cells divide?
diploid cell (2n)
haploid cell (n)
gene
growth, repairing, healing (multicellular), reproduction (uni…
cellular condition where each chromosome type is represented…
cellular condition where each chromosome type is represented…
basic unit of heredity
Why do cells divide?
growth, repairing, healing (multicellular), reproduction (uni…
diploid cell (2n)
cellular condition where each chromosome type is represented…
35 terms
Chapter 6: Chromosomes and Cell Reproduction Vocabulary Quiz
Binary Fission
Mitosis
Meiosis
Asexual Reproduction
a form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to f…
asexual reproduction; Cell division
cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
cell divides into two exact copies; both daughter cells have…
Binary Fission
a form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to f…
Mitosis
asexual reproduction; Cell division
A&P chapter 4
DNA
Purines
Pyrimidines
DNA bases
Deoxyribonucleic acid - a long threadlike molecule with unifo…
double ring Adenine, Guanine
single ring Cytosine, Thymine
ATCG
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid - a long threadlike molecule with unifo…
Purines
double ring Adenine, Guanine
50 terms
Biology Chapter 12 Cell Cycle & Mitosis
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
genome
chromosomes
produces genetically identical offspring... Including: Binary Fi…
produced genetically identical offspring, and involves the fu…
a cells total endowment of DNA which holists genetic informat…
-where genetic information is stored... - 1 single DNA molecule
asexual reproduction
produces genetically identical offspring... Including: Binary Fi…
sexual reproduction
produced genetically identical offspring, and involves the fu…
Genetics and Protein Synthesis
zygote
anaphase
somatic cells
centromere
the first diploid cell formed after the fusion of gametes
stage of mitosis - sister chromatids separate
bodily cells
attachment point for sister chromatids
zygote
the first diploid cell formed after the fusion of gametes
anaphase
stage of mitosis - sister chromatids separate
AP Biology Chapter 12
the process in reproduction and growth…
the ordering of genes in a haploid set…
a form of asexual reproduction in sing…
any of the cells of a plant or animal…
cell division
genome
binary fission
somatic cell
the process in reproduction and growth…
cell division
the ordering of genes in a haploid set…
genome
CELL CYCLE & FACTORS THAT REGULATE CELL CYCLE
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
telophase
Nuclear envelope is disappearing. Chromosomes condense First…
Chromosomes line up in the middle. Second phase of mitosis
Chromosomes separate. Third phase of mitosis
Nuclei form around chromatin. Uncondensed chromosomes. Final…
prophase
Nuclear envelope is disappearing. Chromosomes condense First…
metaphase
Chromosomes line up in the middle. Second phase of mitosis
30 terms
Bio Ch. 12 - The Cell Cycle
Somatic Cell
46
Genome
Chromosome
Non-sex Cell
There are how many chromosomes in a human somatic cell?
All the DNA containing the information to produce and maintai…
One DNA molecule and associated protein molecules.
Somatic Cell
Non-sex Cell
46
There are how many chromosomes in a human somatic cell?
Molecular Development Exam 1
Major RTF
Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer (SCMT)
Low CpG
High CpG
1. Homedomain (helix-turn-helix)... 2. Basic Helix-loop-helix... 3.…
Lab technique used to create a ovum with a donor nucleus... -"Re…
DNA is methylated at histone H3k27m3 --> lots of methylation…
Low DNA methylation --> H3K4me3 --> chromatin is in poised st…
Major RTF
1. Homedomain (helix-turn-helix)... 2. Basic Helix-loop-helix... 3.…
Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer (SCMT)
Lab technique used to create a ovum with a donor nucleus... -"Re…
129 terms
Biology Spring Semester Vocabulary
Cell Size
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
*Surface Area to Volume Ratio*... 1. Smaller cells can transport…
events a cell goes through as they grow and divide
-Phase of the cell cycle... -Cell grows in size... -Performs normal…
cell nucleus division to eventually produce two new daughter…
Cell Size
*Surface Area to Volume Ratio*... 1. Smaller cells can transport…
Cell Cycle
events a cell goes through as they grow and divide
42 terms
Chapter 12: Cell Cycle Vocabulary
CELL DIVISION
GENOME
BINARY FISSION
SOMATIC CELL
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
the ordering of genes in a haploid set of chromosomes of a pa…
a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive…
CELL DIVISION
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
GENOME
the ordering of genes in a haploid set of chromosomes of a pa…
Cell Cycle Mitosis and Meiosis
Cell Division
Chromosomes
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A cellular structure carrying genetic material, found in the…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Period of time where a cell carries on metabolism and replica…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Chromosomes
A cellular structure carrying genetic material, found in the…
OCHS Biology Mitosis/Meiosis Flashcards
Process by which a cell divides into t…
When the cytoplasm divides forming two…
The two cells formed after mitosis.
The entire set of a cell's DNA, its se…
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Daughter cells
Genome
Process by which a cell divides into t…
Mitosis
When the cytoplasm divides forming two…
Cytokinesis
32 terms
Biology Ch. 10 Vocab
Anaphase
Cancer
Cell Cycle
Cell Division
The fourth phase of mitosis
The disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal ce…
A series of events that takes place in a cell as it grows and…
The division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
Anaphase
The fourth phase of mitosis
Cancer
The disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal ce…
Unit 5 - Cell Reproduction
Asexual Reproduction
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
1 cell divides to become 2 cells (cells are genetically ident…
A series of stages that a cell goes through during its life c…
1st - the cell grows, makes more organelles & copies all the…
2nd - the two copies of DNA are split apart (prophase, metaph…
Asexual Reproduction
1 cell divides to become 2 cells (cells are genetically ident…
Cell Cycle
A series of stages that a cell goes through during its life c…
Ty Study Guide for Friday Quizlet
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokynesis
a Regular pattern of growth, DNA replication and cell divison
Normal cell activity
Somatic cell division, producing identical daughter cells.
The process that divides the cells cytoplasm
Cell Cycle
a Regular pattern of growth, DNA replication and cell divison
Interphase
Normal cell activity
26 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
mitosis
diploid cell
Phases of Mitosis
cell cycle
Cellular division where the 2 daughter cells are exact copies…
A cell containing two sets of chromosomes, one set inherited…
In includes 4 phases: PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase ... Anaphase ... Tel…
Series of events in which a cell grows (interphase), prepares…
mitosis
Cellular division where the 2 daughter cells are exact copies…
diploid cell
A cell containing two sets of chromosomes, one set inherited…
Bio semester 2 final
Cyclin
G0
G1
S
a protein that regulates progress through the cell cycle
Cell not dividing
cell growth, making cell specific proteins
DNA synthesis
Cyclin
a protein that regulates progress through the cell cycle
G0
Cell not dividing
25 terms
Mitosis
Chromatid
Cytokinesis
Centromere
Cell Cycle
One of two identical parts or arms of a chromosome
Part of cell division in which the cytoplasm is divided betwe…
Region of the chromosome where the 2 sister chromatids are he…
Series of events including interphase, mitosis, and cytokines…
Chromatid
One of two identical parts or arms of a chromosome
Cytokinesis
Part of cell division in which the cytoplasm is divided betwe…
The cell cycle and mitosis and meiosis part 1
binary fission
cancer
cell cycle
cell division
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
When the cell cycle is no longer regulated
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
cancer
When the cell cycle is no longer regulated
Bio Study Guide Sem 2
Gene
Allele
Principles of Probability
Heterogeneous
made of DNA
one of the forms of the gene
the measure of how likely something is to happen
one gene is dominant and the other gene is recessive
Gene
made of DNA
Allele
one of the forms of the gene
ch 8 gene regulation
why do cells with the same DNA can loo…
differentiated
differential gene expression
cloning shows ...
Since DNA replication is nearly perfect, the DNA is identical…
Like a specific type of cell...... skin cell... nerve cell
Some genes are expressed at different levels in cells. high l…
differentiated cell's contains all DNA of an organism's genome
why do cells with the same DNA can loo…
Since DNA replication is nearly perfect, the DNA is identical…
differentiated
Like a specific type of cell...... skin cell... nerve cell
36 terms
Cell Cycle & Mitosis Notes
Cell Cycle
G1
Synthesis
G2
Regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
Cell size increases.
DNA replication; 2nd stage of cell cycle.
Preparation for mitosis; 3rd stage of cell cycle.
Cell Cycle
Regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
G1
Cell size increases.
Unit 5 Cell Division ( Mitosis and Meiosis)
Anaphase
Asexual Reproduction-Mitosis
Cancer
Cell Cycle
Chromosomes split at the centriole and are pulled apart by th…
Produces exact copies of the parent cell
Cell cycle regulators stop working and the cell divides uncon…
The process of cell growth, development, and reproduction
Anaphase
Chromosomes split at the centriole and are pulled apart by th…
Asexual Reproduction-Mitosis
Produces exact copies of the parent cell
25 terms
Cell Cycle
contact inhibition
internal regulators
external regulators
cancer
when cells come in contact with each other they stop growing
make sure the cell doesn't divide until chromosomes have doub…
stimulate or inhibit growth with each other during embryonic…
uncontrolled cell growth
contact inhibition
when cells come in contact with each other they stop growing
internal regulators
make sure the cell doesn't divide until chromosomes have doub…
43 terms
AP Biology Chapter 12
the process in reproduction and growth…
the ordering of genes in a haploid set…
a form of asexual reproduction in sing…
any of the cells of a plant or animal…
cell division
genome
binary fission
somatic cell
the process in reproduction and growth…
cell division
the ordering of genes in a haploid set…
genome
25 terms
Cell Cycle
contact inhibition
internal regulators
external regulators
cancer
when cells come in contact with each other they stop growing
make sure the cell doesn't divide until chromosomes have doub…
stimulate or inhibit growth with each other during embryonic…
uncontrolled cell growth
contact inhibition
when cells come in contact with each other they stop growing
internal regulators
make sure the cell doesn't divide until chromosomes have doub…
43 terms
Cell Reproduction
DNA
Cell Cycle
DNA Replication
Semi-Conservitive
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
Series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide.
Process in which unzipped DNA strands serve as templates for…
partially old (parent strand) and partially new (daughter str…
DNA
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
Cell Cycle
Series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide.
the cell cycle, mitosis, and cancer
why is it important to have a high sur…
the cell cycle
phases of the cell cycle
restriction point
Because as the cell gets bigger, the volume grows faster than…
the period of time from 1 cell division to the next
Interphase, mitosis, cytokinesis
"point of no return"... after this point in the cycle, cell is c…
why is it important to have a high sur…
Because as the cell gets bigger, the volume grows faster than…
the cell cycle
the period of time from 1 cell division to the next
Mitosis/Meiosis
Apoptosis
Benign
Binary Fission
Cancer
programmed cell death that is controlled by enzymes and helps…
a neoplasm that is not cancerous
form of asexual reproduction in prokaryotes where one bacteri…
cells that have been disrupted in their cell cycle and whose…
Apoptosis
programmed cell death that is controlled by enzymes and helps…
Benign
a neoplasm that is not cancerous
BIOL 111 Cell cycle & mitosis
G1 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
G0 Phase
A stage of interphase that the cell naturally grows and devel…
DNA replication occurs
Cell makes the organelles needed
Cell exits the cycle and switches to a nondividing state.
G1 Phase
A stage of interphase that the cell naturally grows and devel…
S Phase
DNA replication occurs
Genetics, Reproduction, and Development
DNA
RNA
genes
chromosome
deoxyribonucleic acid: the genetic information of an organism.
ribonucleic acid: genetic information that controls the produ…
a segment of DNA that codes for a specific trait for an organ…
thick, thread-like structure (x-shaped) that contains genetic…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid: the genetic information of an organism.
RNA
ribonucleic acid: genetic information that controls the produ…
The Cell Cycle
what is the cell cycle
4 parts
Interphase
4 Stages
DNA replication and cell division in Eukaryote Cells
grows copies DNA prepares for cell division and forms two dau…
G1 S and G2
g1 g2 s m
what is the cell cycle
DNA replication and cell division in Eukaryote Cells
4 parts
grows copies DNA prepares for cell division and forms two dau…
DNA & Cell Cycle
double helix
nucleosome
semicsonservative replication
DNA helicase
Twisted or ladder shape formed by 2 strands of nucleotide twi…
The phosphate groups in DNA to create a negative charge which…
During semicsonservative replication parental strands of DNA…
An enzyme is responsible for unwinding and unzipping the doub…
double helix
Twisted or ladder shape formed by 2 strands of nucleotide twi…
nucleosome
The phosphate groups in DNA to create a negative charge which…
86 terms
Bio 1361 Ch 12 The Cell Cycle
- start life as single-celled embryos…
Meiosis
Mitosis
Cytokineses - physical division of cells
Plants and animals ...
Produces reproductive cells aka gametes
Produces all other cell types aka somatic cells
Mitosis and meiosis are usually accompanied by ______
- start life as single-celled embryos…
Plants and animals ...
Meiosis
Produces reproductive cells aka gametes
33 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
gamete
somatic cell
zygote
diploid
Sex cell
Body cells
A fertilized egg
containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from each pa…
gamete
Sex cell
somatic cell
Body cells
A & P Chapter 4: Genetics
Gene
Diploid
Haploid
Meiosis
unit of inheritance comprised of DNA, located on a chromosome
Cell contains 2 copies of a chromosome (2N)
cell contins 1 copy of a chromosome, (1N)
type of cell division in sexually reproducing organisms... forms…
Gene
unit of inheritance comprised of DNA, located on a chromosome
Diploid
Cell contains 2 copies of a chromosome (2N)
23 terms
Mitosis and Cell Division, Cell Diff
Cells spend most of their lives in whi…
What happens during the G1 and G2 stag…
What happens during the S stage of int…
What happens to DNA before it can be r…
Interphase
The cell grows
DNA Replication
It separates between the nitrogen bases
Cells spend most of their lives in whi…
Interphase
What happens during the G1 and G2 stag…
The cell grows
30 terms
Mitosis (II. Chapter 11)
mitosis
what is divided and produced by mitosis?
eukaryotic cells have what?
the chromosomal DNA is bound to what?
the process by which eukaryotic replicate their DNA into two…
all somatic and vegetative cells divide by mitosis, and ident…
linear chromosomes, which are organized into chromatin (DNA +…
histones, group of proteins that DNA winds around to form nuc…
mitosis
the process by which eukaryotic replicate their DNA into two…
what is divided and produced by mitosis?
all somatic and vegetative cells divide by mitosis, and ident…
27 terms
Mitosis
mitosis occurs in
mitosis is used for
binary fission
somatic cells
eukaryotes
organismal reproduction in single-celled organisms; developme…
how prokaryotes generally reproduce
all the cells of animals and plants, except sperm and egg cells
mitosis occurs in
eukaryotes
mitosis is used for
organismal reproduction in single-celled organisms; developme…
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