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Study sets matching "term:gene regulation = the ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed"

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Study sets matching "term:gene regulation = the ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed"

9 terms
Control of Gene Expression
gene regulation
gene expression
promoter
operator
the turning on and off of genes; control of which genes are b…
overall process by which genetic information flows from genes…
site on a DNA strand that precedes a gene, where the RNA poly…
a DNA control sequence between the promoter and the genes tha…
gene regulation
the turning on and off of genes; control of which genes are b…
gene expression
overall process by which genetic information flows from genes…
Gene Regulation and Mutations
Gene Regulation
Operon
Hox Genes
RNA Interference
The ability of an organism to control which genes are transcr…
A section of DNA that contains the genes for the proteins nee…
Responsible for the general body pattern of most animals
Can stop the mRNA from translating its message
Gene Regulation
The ability of an organism to control which genes are transcr…
Operon
A section of DNA that contains the genes for the proteins nee…
13 terms
12.5 Gene Regulation
operon
operator
enhancer
differentiation
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
A segment of DNA to which a transcription factor binds to reg…
A DNA sequence that functions as a regulatory element. The bi…
Change in structure and function of a cell as it matures; spe…
operon
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
operator
A segment of DNA to which a transcription factor binds to reg…
7 terms
Lugo Biology 13.4 Gene Regulation and Expression
operon
operator
RNA interference
differentiation
group of genes operating together
In an operon, the binding site for the repressor
Blocking gene expression by means of an miRNA silencing compl…
Process in which cells become specialized in structure and fu…
operon
group of genes operating together
operator
In an operon, the binding site for the repressor
6 terms
An overview of gene control
Transcriptional control
RNA processing control
RNA transport and localisation control
Translational control
Regulation of a gene by controlling when and how often its tr…
Regulation of gene expression by controlling the processing o…
Regulation of gene expression by selecting which completed mR…
Regulation of gene expression by selecting which mRNAs in the…
Transcriptional control
Regulation of a gene by controlling when and how often its tr…
RNA processing control
Regulation of gene expression by controlling the processing o…
8 terms
bio 12.4
operon
parts of an operon
gene regulation
trp operon
section of DNA that contains the genes for the proteins neede…
operator, promoter, regulatory gene and genes coding for prot…
is the ability of an organism to control which genes are tran…
series of five steps -the repressible operon because transcri…
operon
section of DNA that contains the genes for the proteins neede…
parts of an operon
operator, promoter, regulatory gene and genes coding for prot…
12 terms
Regulation of Gene Expression
Gene Regulation
Operon
Structural Gene
Regulatory Gene
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
A unit of genetic function common in bacteria and phages, con…
a gene that codes for a product, such as an enzyme, protein,…
A gene that codes for a protein, such as a repressor, that co…
Gene Regulation
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
Operon
A unit of genetic function common in bacteria and phages, con…
8 terms
Unit 11: Level 26: Gene Regulation
Gene Regulation
Gene Expression
Operon (Promoter, Repressor, Operator,…
Lac
The ability of an organism to control which genes are transcr…
The process by which a gene produces its product and the prod…
A segment of DNA containing adjacent genes including structur…
Lactose. Glucose + Galactose.
Gene Regulation
The ability of an organism to control which genes are transcr…
Gene Expression
The process by which a gene produces its product and the prod…
14 terms
12.4 (PP ONLY) Gene Regulation
Pro
operon, Pro
TRP
Lac
Ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
An _____ is a section of DNA that contains the genes for the…
What are the one type of Operon? (T__)
What are the one type of Operon? (L__)
Pro
Ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
operon, Pro
An _____ is a section of DNA that contains the genes for the…
31 terms
Chapter 12: Regulation of Gene Expression
Gene Regulation
2 Approaches to Regulating Cell Activity
Operon
Tryptophan
The ability of an organism to control which genes are transcr…
-Turn off/turn on enzymes to control cell activity... -Alter exp…
An operator (on/off switch) to which a repressor can bind... -A…
A co-repressor... -Binds to repressor and turns on repressor pro…
Gene Regulation
The ability of an organism to control which genes are transcr…
2 Approaches to Regulating Cell Activity
-Turn off/turn on enzymes to control cell activity... -Alter exp…
6 terms
Biology 2-4
Gene expression
Gene regulation
Inverse
Mutation
The process by which the information encoded in a gene is use…
The ability of an organism to regulate which genes are transc…
Backwards
A change in one or more of the nitrogen bases in DNA
Gene expression
The process by which the information encoded in a gene is use…
Gene regulation
The ability of an organism to regulate which genes are transc…
38 terms
Gene Regulation
Gene regulation
Negative regulation
Positive regulation
Promoter
_____ is the ability of an organism to control which genes ar…
_____ is when repressor proteins bind to the promoter region…
_____ is when activator proteins bind to the promoter region…
The _____ is a specific nucleotide sequence in DNA that binds…
Gene regulation
_____ is the ability of an organism to control which genes ar…
Negative regulation
_____ is when repressor proteins bind to the promoter region…
284 terms
BIOL 214 Ch 16 Regulation of Gene Expression
the fundamental level of control of ge…
a level of control that fine-tunes reg…
a level of control that fine-tunes reg…
a level of control that fine-tunes reg…
transcriptional regulation
posttranscriptional regulation
translational regulation
post-translational regulation
the fundamental level of control of ge…
transcriptional regulation
a level of control that fine-tunes reg…
posttranscriptional regulation
24 terms
Regulation of Gene Expression (Chapter 11)
Gene Regulation
Constitutive Genes
When is gene expression regulated?
Promoter
Ability of cells to control the level and time of gene expres…
Genes that are not regulated and are expressed most of the ti…
Before or during transcription, before or during translation,…
Site where RNA polymerase binds and is usually involved in th…
Gene Regulation
Ability of cells to control the level and time of gene expres…
Constitutive Genes
Genes that are not regulated and are expressed most of the ti…
Chapter 11:How Genes are Controlled
activators
adult stem cells
alternative RNA splicing
cellular differentiation
Molecules that increase Enzyme Activity
Cells present in adult tissues that generate replacements for…
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
The process by which a cell becomes specialized in order to p…
activators
Molecules that increase Enzyme Activity
adult stem cells
Cells present in adult tissues that generate replacements for…
153 terms
Prokaryotes Gene Regulation
what is gene regulation
what level does gene regulation occur
What is gene expression
what happens to RNA after being transc…
contorols whethr an active protein is produced from a gene
many
gene is transcribed into RNA
it is translated into protein
what is gene regulation
contorols whethr an active protein is produced from a gene
what level does gene regulation occur
many
148 terms
Chapter 18 regulation of gene expression
transcription
many
Promoter / TATA box
metabolism
Bacteria often respond to environmental change by regulating…
Eukaryotic gene expression is regulated at __________ stages
The binding site of RNA polymerase
Cells control __________ by regulating enzyme activity or the…
transcription
Bacteria often respond to environmental change by regulating…
many
Eukaryotic gene expression is regulated at __________ stages
15 terms
Gene Regulation and Mutation
Gene Regulation
Operon
Operator
Promoter
is the ability of an organism to control which genes are tran…
is a section of DNA that contains the genes for the proteins…
a segment of DNA that interacts with a repressor protein to r…
specific nucleotide sequence in DNA that binds RNA polymerase…
Gene Regulation
is the ability of an organism to control which genes are tran…
Operon
is a section of DNA that contains the genes for the proteins…
17 terms
Ch. 18 Regulation of Gene Expression
promoter
operator
operon
repressor
a specific nucleotide sequence in the DNA of a gene that bind…
region of chromosome in an operon to which the repressor bind…
in prokaryotes, a group of adjacent genes that shares a commo…
A protein that binds to an operator and physically blocks RNA…
promoter
a specific nucleotide sequence in the DNA of a gene that bind…
operator
region of chromosome in an operon to which the repressor bind…
8 terms
Biology Terms Pt. 2
Codon
Intron
Exon
Translation
3 based code in DNA or mRNA.
Portions that are "cut out" of RNA while still in the nucleus.
Segment of DNA that is transcribed into RNA. Makes up the fin…
Occurs in cytoplasm of the cell on a ribosome. Uses informati…
Codon
3 based code in DNA or mRNA.
Intron
Portions that are "cut out" of RNA while still in the nucleus.
22 terms
Ch. 15 Vocabulary- Gene Regulation
Constitutive Genes
Differentation
End-Product Repressor
Enhancer
Genes that are continually transcribed throughout the life of…
Cells that do not develop into the many different types of ce…
Process in which the presence of the end product prevents its…
Increase rate of transcription
Constitutive Genes
Genes that are continually transcribed throughout the life of…
Differentation
Cells that do not develop into the many different types of ce…
8 terms
Molecular Genetics
Condon
DNA
DNA helicase
DNA ligase
3 base code in Dna or Mrna
A molecule which is formed by nucleic acids that determine ge…
An enzyme which is responsible unwinding and unzipping the do…
The enzyme that connects the okazaki fragments
Condon
3 base code in Dna or Mrna
DNA
A molecule which is formed by nucleic acids that determine ge…
115 terms
12 Control of Gene Expression
constitively expressesd
conditionally expressed
Why?
How?
gene products produced at all times
gene products active only under certain conditions
to save energy, because they do not need all the gens all the…
repress some genes
constitively expressesd
gene products produced at all times
conditionally expressed
gene products active only under certain conditions
Control of Gene Expression
Gene Expression
Genome
Structural Gene
Operator
the manifestation of the Genetic material of an organism in t…
the complete genetic material contained in an individual or s…
a Gene that Codes for a product, such as an enzyme, protein,…
a short sequence of viral or bacterial DNA to which a repress…
Gene Expression
the manifestation of the Genetic material of an organism in t…
Genome
the complete genetic material contained in an individual or s…
26 terms
Chapter 13: Regulation of Gene Expression
Barr body
carcinogen
chromatin
DNA repair enzyme
Dark-staining body (discovered by M. Barr) in the nuclei of f…
Environmental agent that causes mutations leading to the ... dev…
Network of DNA strands and associated proteins observed ... with…
One of several enzymes that restore the original base sequenc…
Barr body
Dark-staining body (discovered by M. Barr) in the nuclei of f…
carcinogen
Environmental agent that causes mutations leading to the ... dev…
63 terms
Chapter 23: Prokaryotic Gene Regulation
allows for selective gene expression
process by which information in a gene…
role of gene expression in bacteria
role of gene expression in eukaryotes
regulation of gene expression
Gene Expression
adaptation to nutrient environment ... conditional gene expression
regulated pattern of gene expression that dictates differenti…
allows for selective gene expression
regulation of gene expression
process by which information in a gene…
Gene Expression
195 terms
BIO101: Chapter 13: Gene Regulation
define gene expression
define gene regulation
define constitutive genes
how do living organisms benefit from g…
- process by which the information within a gene is made into…
- the ability of cells to control the expression of their genes
gene that have relatively constant levels of expression in al…
- it conserves energy
define gene expression
- process by which the information within a gene is made into…
define gene regulation
- the ability of cells to control the expression of their genes
58 terms
Chapter 13: Regulation of Gene Expression
trp Operon
Tryptophan
Lac Operon
When Lactose is present in the Lac Ope…
repressible operon that can be turned "off", but normally fun…
called the co-repressor, because if Tryptophan is present, it…
An inducible operon, normally turned "off", functions in allo…
lactose binds to the active repressor, changes it's shape, an…
trp Operon
repressible operon that can be turned "off", but normally fun…
Tryptophan
called the co-repressor, because if Tryptophan is present, it…
126 terms
Chapter 16: Regulation of Gene Expression
where does gene expression begin?
Two types of regulatory proteins that…
negative regulation
positive regulation
the promoter
Negative regulation... Positive regulation
a repressor protein prevents transcription
an activator protein stimulates transcription
where does gene expression begin?
the promoter
Two types of regulatory proteins that…
Negative regulation... Positive regulation
15 terms
Biotechnology, Gene Regulation & Mutation
Genome
Genetic Engineering
Restriction Enzymes
Eco RI
An organism's genome is the total DNA in the nucleus of each…
Is technology that involves manipulating the DNA of one organ…
Restriction Enzymes recognize and blend to specific DNA seque…
Eco RI specifically cuts DNA containing the sequence GAATTC
Genome
An organism's genome is the total DNA in the nucleus of each…
Genetic Engineering
Is technology that involves manipulating the DNA of one organ…
12 terms
Biology Lecture - 38 - Gene Regulation
Prokaryotic Regulation
I. Operon
A. Promoter - RNA polymerase attaches…
B. Operator—A short portion of DNA whe…
I. Operon... II. The trp Operon... III. The lac Operon = 3 adjacent…
A. A segment of DNA containing adjacent genes including 1.str…
A. A short sequence of DNA where RNA... polymerase first attache…
A. When an active repressor binds to... the operator, RNA polyme…
Prokaryotic Regulation
I. Operon... II. The trp Operon... III. The lac Operon = 3 adjacent…
I. Operon
A. A segment of DNA containing adjacent genes including 1.str…
85 terms
Gene Regulation (Chapter 13)
Gene Expression
Gene Regulation
Constitutive Genes
Cell Differentiation
the process by which the information within a gene is made in…
the ability of cells to control the expression of their genes.
genes that encode for proteins that are constantly required f…
the process by which cells become specialized into particular…
Gene Expression
the process by which the information within a gene is made in…
Gene Regulation
the ability of cells to control the expression of their genes.
37 terms
Chapter 11 - Gene Expression
gene expression
genome
structural genes, promoter, and operator
structural genes
activation or "turning on" of a gene that results in transcri…
complete genetic material in an individual
three elements that are involved in production of enzymes tha…
genes that code for polypeptides, or proteins
gene expression
activation or "turning on" of a gene that results in transcri…
genome
complete genetic material in an individual
6 terms
Biology Chapter 12 Set #3
codon
translation
gene regulation
operon
three base code in DNA or RNA
process in which mRNA attaches to the ribosome and a protein…
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
section of DNA containing genes for proteins required for a s…
codon
three base code in DNA or RNA
translation
process in which mRNA attaches to the ribosome and a protein…
22 terms
Gene Regulation Exam 3
the operon model of the regulation of…
Which of these is not a component of t…
regulatory proteins bind to
in the presence of a regulatory protei…
Jacob and Monod
regulatory gene
the operator
not transcribed
the operon model of the regulation of…
Jacob and Monod
Which of these is not a component of t…
regulatory gene
10 terms
Gene Regulation Salek
Operon
Operator
Repressor
Promoter
Group of genes that are all regulated together (prokaryotic)
Region in the operon where the repressor binds (prokaryotic)
Turns off transcription by binding to the operator
Where RNA polymerase binds
Operon
Group of genes that are all regulated together (prokaryotic)
Operator
Region in the operon where the repressor binds (prokaryotic)
34 terms
Chapter 18: Control of gene expression
control of gene expression
prokaryotic gene regulation
regulation of a metabolic pathway
operon
-pro and euk alter gene expresion in response to changing env…
-gene expression reflects their life history... -NS favours bact…
-cells can regulate production of enzymes by feedback inhibit…
a cluster of prok genes and DNA seq involved in their regulat…
control of gene expression
-pro and euk alter gene expresion in response to changing env…
prokaryotic gene regulation
-gene expression reflects their life history... -NS favours bact…
25 terms
Gene regulation
What are the 4 levels at which gene re…
the transcriptional level of gene regu…
with regards to the transcriptional le…
the post transcriptional level of gene…
1. transcriptional level... 2.post transcriptional level... 3. tran…
when a gene is on or off
the mRNA transcript
the processing of the transcript
What are the 4 levels at which gene re…
1. transcriptional level... 2.post transcriptional level... 3. tran…
the transcriptional level of gene regu…
when a gene is on or off
53 terms
Chapter 16: Regulation of Gene Expression in Prokaryotes
How is Gene Expression Regulated?
Prokaryotes Regulate Gene Expression i…
Enzymes may be:
Example of a repressible enzyme
Most prokaryotic gene products are present continuously at a…
-E.coli has served as a good model system for the regulation…
-inducible (adaptive): produced only when certain chemical su…
Tryptophan: if present there is no reason for organism use en…
How is Gene Expression Regulated?
Most prokaryotic gene products are present continuously at a…
Prokaryotes Regulate Gene Expression i…
-E.coli has served as a good model system for the regulation…
9 terms
Chapter 8: Control of Gene Expression
26) Which of the following statements…
In principle, a eukaryotic cell can re…
The genes of a bacterial ____________…
Many bacterial promoters contain a reg…
(d) Some of the proteins found in differentiated cells are fo…
A. translation control... B. transcriptional control... C. RNA proc…
operon
operator
26) Which of the following statements…
(d) Some of the proteins found in differentiated cells are fo…
In principle, a eukaryotic cell can re…
A. translation control... B. transcriptional control... C. RNA proc…
11 terms
Gene Regulation terms
Regulatory proteins
Activators
Repressor
Promoter
molecules (proteins) that control when/how often genes are tr…
a protein that binds to DNA and helps RNA polymerase attach t…
a protein that binds to DNA and stops transcription of a sequ…
DNA sequence where RNA polymerase binds; start of transcription
Regulatory proteins
molecules (proteins) that control when/how often genes are tr…
Activators
a protein that binds to DNA and helps RNA polymerase attach t…
29 terms
Chapter 11 Gene Expression
gene expression
genome
structural gene
operator
the activation of a gene that results in transcription and th…
the complete genetic material contained in an individual
genes that code for polypeptides
a DNA segment that serves as a kind of "switch" by controllin…
gene expression
the activation of a gene that results in transcription and th…
genome
the complete genetic material contained in an individual
70 terms
Chapter 16: Regulation of Gene Expression
Transcriptional regulation
transcription unit
operon
regulatory sequences
The fundamental level of control of gene expression that dete…
A region of DNA that transcribes a single primary transcript.
A cluster of prokaryotic genes organized into a single transc…
DNA sequence involved in the regulation of a gene or genes to…
Transcriptional regulation
The fundamental level of control of gene expression that dete…
transcription unit
A region of DNA that transcribes a single primary transcript.
21 terms
Control of Gene Expression
cell memory
combinatorial control
differentiaition
DNA methylation
The ability of differentiated cells and their descendants to…
Describes the way in which groups of transcription regulators…
Process by which a cell undergoes a progressive, coordinated…
The enzymatic addition of methyl groups to cytosine bases in…
cell memory
The ability of differentiated cells and their descendants to…
combinatorial control
Describes the way in which groups of transcription regulators…
19 terms
Regulation of Gene Regulation
gene regulation
majority of genes are regulated
saves energy
constitutive genes
cells have the ability to control their level of gene express…
ensures that proteins are produced at the correct time and in…
only produces what is needed
unregulated and have constant levels of expression
gene regulation
cells have the ability to control their level of gene express…
majority of genes are regulated
ensures that proteins are produced at the correct time and in…
14 terms
Chapter 18- gene regulation
gene regulation
constitutive
operon
operator
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
Enzymes that are expressed at a constant level all the time a…
A unit of genetic function common in bacteria and phages, con…
A specific DNA nucleotide sequence where transcriptional regu…
gene regulation
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
constitutive
Enzymes that are expressed at a constant level all the time a…
11 terms
CarterBredin_Mendel's Laws
Gregor Mendel
Genes
Genetics
Incomplete dominance
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
DNA segments that serve as the key functional units in heredi…
The scientific study of heredity
A pattern of inheritance in which two alleles, inherited from…
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
Genes
DNA segments that serve as the key functional units in heredi…
25 terms
Chapter 18: Regulation of Gene Expression
Gene expression
Regulation of gene expression
operator
operon
process by which a gene produces its product and the product…
Transcription Initiation: Chromation domains. Transcription a…
Region of DNA that controls RNA polymerase's access to a set…
A segment of DNA containing adjacent genes including structur…
Gene expression
process by which a gene produces its product and the product…
Regulation of gene expression
Transcription Initiation: Chromation domains. Transcription a…
82 terms
BIOL 1105 lesson 14
regulates gene expression in response…
regulates gene expression for developm…
measured at particular point of time b…
process of converting genetic informat…
prokaryotes
eukaryotes
genes level of expression
gene expression
regulates gene expression in response…
prokaryotes
regulates gene expression for developm…
eukaryotes
15 terms
genome organization and regulation of gene activity
operon model
operon
regulator gene
promoter
several genes code for an enzyme in same metabolic pathway an…
structural and regulatory genes that function as a single unit
located outside the operon; codes for a repressor protein mol…
sequence of DNA where RNA polymerase attaches when a gene is…
operon model
several genes code for an enzyme in same metabolic pathway an…
operon
structural and regulatory genes that function as a single unit
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