Study sets matching "term:genetic engineering = the technology entailing all processes of altering the genetic material of a cell to make it capable of performing the desired functions, such as producing novel substances."

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Study sets matching "term:genetic engineering = the technology entailing all processes of altering the genetic material of a cell to make it capable of performing the desired functions, such as producing novel substances."

27 terms
Genetic Engineering
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
mutations
method that allows only those individual organisms with desir…
Crossing different individuals to make a genetic cross of bot…
Continued mating of individuals with similar characteristics…
Changes in DNA structure
selective breeding
method that allows only those individual organisms with desir…
hybridization
Crossing different individuals to make a genetic cross of bot…
29 terms
Genetic Engineering
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
mutations
method that allows only those individual organisms with desir…
Crossing different individuals to make a genetic cross of bot…
Continued mating of individuals with similar characteristics…
Changes in DNA structure
selective breeding
method that allows only those individual organisms with desir…
hybridization
Crossing different individuals to make a genetic cross of bot…
114 terms
Genetic Engineering, Meiosis & Genetics
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
mutations
method that allows only those individual organisms with desir…
Crossing different individuals to make a genetic cross of bot…
Continued mating of individuals with similar characteristics…
Changes in DNA structure
selective breeding
method that allows only those individual organisms with desir…
hybridization
Crossing different individuals to make a genetic cross of bot…
Genetic Engineering & Selective Breeding
selective breeding
genetic engineering
cloning
pedigree
The process of selecting and breeding parent organisms to pas…
The process in which a sequence of DNA from an organism is fi…
A technique that uses technology to make copies.
A diagram of family relationships that includes two or more g…
selective breeding
The process of selecting and breeding parent organisms to pas…
genetic engineering
The process in which a sequence of DNA from an organism is fi…
Genetic Engineering
Biotechnolgy
Cloning
Gene splicing
Gene therapy
Procedure that uses a biological system or living organism to…
Process in which a cell, cell product or organism is coped fr…
DNA is intentionally broken and recombined using lab techniqu…
Intentionally altering a gene withing cells and tissues for t…
Biotechnolgy
Procedure that uses a biological system or living organism to…
Cloning
Process in which a cell, cell product or organism is coped fr…
Genetic Technology
gene therapy
transgenic organism
gel electrophoresis
DNA fingerprint
method of treating genetic disease; a functional gene (gene w…
genetically engineered organisms that have been modified via…
process of separating fragments of DNA that have been cut wit…
Banding pattern of DNA made via gel electrophoresis; used in…
gene therapy
method of treating genetic disease; a functional gene (gene w…
transgenic organism
genetically engineered organisms that have been modified via…
Genetic Continuity
Asexual reproduction
Biotechnology
Body cell
Bond
A method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to…
The combination of technology and biological sciences
Non-productive cells in an individual such as skin, liver, an…
The chemical link between atoms that hold molecules together
Asexual reproduction
A method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to…
Biotechnology
The combination of technology and biological sciences
Genetic Engineering
Genetic Engineering
Selective Breeding
Plasmid
Binary Fission
all various experimental techniques that manipulate the genes…
The intentional breeding of organisms with desirable trait in…
DNA that is able to insert itself into the chromosome of bact…
A type of asexual reproduction common among prokaryotes where…
Genetic Engineering
all various experimental techniques that manipulate the genes…
Selective Breeding
The intentional breeding of organisms with desirable trait in…
Genetic Technology Passarelli
gene therapy
transgenic organism
gel electrophoresis
DNA fingerprint
method of treating genetic disease; a functional gene (gene w…
genetically engineered organisms that have been modified via…
process of separating fragments of DNA that have been cut wit…
Banding pattern of DNA made via gel electrophoresis; used in…
gene therapy
method of treating genetic disease; a functional gene (gene w…
transgenic organism
genetically engineered organisms that have been modified via…
8 terms
Lang Biology Vocabulary Study Guide #7
Genetic Engineering
Cloning
Bioethics
Evolution
The technology entailing all processes of altering the geneti…
The process of creating an exact copy of a biological unit.
The branch of ethics that discusses the life sciences & their…
Change in the genetic makeup of a population or species over…
Genetic Engineering
The technology entailing all processes of altering the geneti…
Cloning
The process of creating an exact copy of a biological unit.
30 terms
Genetic Engineering
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
mutations
method that allows only those individual organisms with desir…
Crossing different individuals to make a genetic cross of bot…
Continued mating of individuals with similar characteristics…
Changes in DNA structure
selective breeding
method that allows only those individual organisms with desir…
hybridization
Crossing different individuals to make a genetic cross of bot…
Genetic Engineering
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
mutations
method that allows only those individual organisms with desir…
Crossing different individuals to make a genetic cross of bot…
Continued mating of individuals with similar characteristics…
Changes in DNA structure
selective breeding
method that allows only those individual organisms with desir…
hybridization
Crossing different individuals to make a genetic cross of bot…
17 terms
Genetic Engineering and Technology Review
Genetic Engineering
Gene Map
Genome
Human Genome Project
Altering specific genes in an organism in order to express a…
Shows relative location of each known gene for each known tra…
All genetic material in an organism
Project to sequence the entire human genome
Genetic Engineering
Altering specific genes in an organism in order to express a…
Gene Map
Shows relative location of each known gene for each known tra…
12 terms
Genetic engineering vocab
Restriction enzyme
Gel electrophoresis
Polymerase chain reaction
Plasmid
Enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequences
Method of separating various lengths of DNA strands by applyi…
Method for increasing the quantity of DNA by separating it in…
Circular piece of genetic material found in bacteria that can…
Restriction enzyme
Enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequences
Gel electrophoresis
Method of separating various lengths of DNA strands by applyi…
Genetic Engineering and The Human Genome
biotechnology
clone
DNA polymerase
gel electrophoresis
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
Genetically identical copy of an organism or gene.
Enzyme involved in DNA replication that joins individual nucl…
Procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by size…
biotechnology
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
clone
Genetically identical copy of an organism or gene.
24 terms
Microbiology Chapter 10-Genetic Engineering
Primary goals of science
Genetic Engineering
Biotechnology
DNA heating and cooling
to solate, identify and manipulate DNA in various ways.
the direct , deliberate modification of an organisms genome.
includes any applications of DNA , genes or genetically alter…
DNA responds to heat by denaturing or loosing its hydrogen bo…
Primary goals of science
to solate, identify and manipulate DNA in various ways.
Genetic Engineering
the direct , deliberate modification of an organisms genome.
30 terms
MT10: Human Genetic Engineering
Scientific alteration of genes or gene…
Terms that are applied to the manipula…
Involves ________, ________, and _____…
First rDNA:... (1) Created by ________ th…
Genetic Engineering
Recombinant DNA (rDNA) / Genetic Modification / Gene Splicing
Involves isolation, manipulation, and reintrocudtion of DNA i…
First rDNA:... (1) Created by Paul Berg, the molecular biologist…
Scientific alteration of genes or gene…
Genetic Engineering
Terms that are applied to the manipula…
Recombinant DNA (rDNA) / Genetic Modification / Gene Splicing
Genetic Engineering
Amino Acids
Anticodon
Base-pairing Rules
Codon
Building blocks of protein
A three-nucleotide base sequence on tRNA.
A-T, C-G,
A group of three bases
Amino Acids
Building blocks of protein
Anticodon
A three-nucleotide base sequence on tRNA.
Genetic Engineering
Amino Acids
Anticodon
Base-pairing Rules
Codon
Building blocks of protein
A three-nucleotide base sequence on tRNA
A-T, C-G
A group of three bases
Amino Acids
Building blocks of protein
Anticodon
A three-nucleotide base sequence on tRNA
Genetic Engineering
Amino Acids
Anticodon
Base-pairing Rules
Codon
Building blocks of protein
A three-nucleotide base sequence on tRNA.
A-T, C-G,
A group of three bases
Amino Acids
Building blocks of protein
Anticodon
A three-nucleotide base sequence on tRNA.
13 terms
Genetic engineering
Stem cells
Genomics
Recombinant DNA
DNA sequencing
Cells that can continuously divide and differentiate into var…
The study of entire genomes. An area within genetics that con…
DNA molecules that are artificially created by combining DNA…
The process of determining the order of every nucleotide in a…
Stem cells
Cells that can continuously divide and differentiate into var…
Genomics
The study of entire genomes. An area within genetics that con…
Genetic Technology
genetic engineering
selective breeding
genetic engineering involves...
recombinant DNA
the deliberate alteration of the genetic material (DNA of an…
the process by which humans breed other animals and plants fo…
changing the organisms on the cellular level; example, transf…
DNA molecules that are artificially created by combining DNA…
genetic engineering
the deliberate alteration of the genetic material (DNA of an…
selective breeding
the process by which humans breed other animals and plants fo…
Genetic Technology
DNA fingerprint
Clone
Recombinant DNA
DNA sequence
Samples of DNA that are cut, sorted, and tagged to produce a…
organism or piece of genetic material that is genetically ide…
DNA that has been recombined by genetic engineering
process of determining the exact order of every nucleotide in…
DNA fingerprint
Samples of DNA that are cut, sorted, and tagged to produce a…
Clone
organism or piece of genetic material that is genetically ide…
15 terms
Wk9: Genetics Technology 6d
Reproductive Cloning
Genetic Engineering
therapeutic cloning
zygote
A process in which a cell, cell product, or organism is copie…
A technology that includes the process of manipulating or alt…
the process of taking undifferentiated embryonic cells [STEM…
fertilized egg
Reproductive Cloning
A process in which a cell, cell product, or organism is copie…
Genetic Engineering
A technology that includes the process of manipulating or alt…
12 terms
Section 6 Microgenetics; Section 6- Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
biotechnology
genetic engineering
transgenic organisms
plasmids
any procedure or method that uses biological systems or livin…
a technology that includes the process of altering the geneti…
organs that have transplanted genetic material from other org…
circular DNA molecules that are separate from the chromosomal…
biotechnology
any procedure or method that uses biological systems or livin…
genetic engineering
a technology that includes the process of altering the geneti…
7 terms
Genetics
mutation
protein synthesis
synthesis
DNA
(genetics) any event that changes genetic structure
Forming proteins based on information in DNA and carried out…
to build
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
mutation
(genetics) any event that changes genetic structure
protein synthesis
Forming proteins based on information in DNA and carried out…
Mutations and Genetic Engineering
Mutation
Point Mutation
Frameshift Mutation
Mutagen
A change in an organism's DNA
Incorrect nucleotide is put into a DNA molecule during replic…
The addition or removal of a nucleotide in the DNA sequence
Environments that change DNA
Mutation
A change in an organism's DNA
Point Mutation
Incorrect nucleotide is put into a DNA molecule during replic…
27 terms
Genetic Engineering Vocabulary
Biofuel
Biodiversity
Biomedical
BT Gene
produced from organic materials
A variety of life and organisms in a particular habitat
A way to prevent or treat diseases that infect or kill animals
produces a toxin, preventing pesticides on crops
Biofuel
produced from organic materials
Biodiversity
A variety of life and organisms in a particular habitat
14 terms
Genetic Engineering
Genetic engineering
Selective breeding
Hybridization
Inbreeding
Making changes in the DNA code of a living organism.
The process of selecting a few organisms with desired traits…
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristic…
Genetic engineering
Making changes in the DNA code of a living organism.
Selective breeding
The process of selecting a few organisms with desired traits…
12 terms
Genetics
Amino Acid
Biotechnology
Chromosome
Clone
Building blocks of proteins
combination of technology and biological sciences
Thick, Threadlike structure that contains genetic information…
Organism that is genetically identical to organism from which…
Amino Acid
Building blocks of proteins
Biotechnology
combination of technology and biological sciences
40 terms
genetic technology
produce many generations and see many…
inbreeding
purebred dogs, race horse, crops and l…
desired characteristics are seen gener…
why are farmers experts on selective breeding
the continuous breeding of closely related individuals
example of inbreeding
advantages of inbreeding
produce many generations and see many…
why are farmers experts on selective breeding
inbreeding
the continuous breeding of closely related individuals
5 terms
Structures and Functions of Living Organisms: Biotechnology (1) 8.L.2.1
biotechnology
cloning
ethics
genetic engineering
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
making a genetically identical copy of DNA or of an organism
A system of moral principles.
Process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
biotechnology
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
cloning
making a genetically identical copy of DNA or of an organism
Living Environment Unit 3 - Genetics
gene
trait
heredity
DNA
a segment of DNA (on a chromosome) that contains code for a s…
a characteristic that is passed from parent to offspring thro…
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
(deoxyribonucleic acid) the material found in all cells that…
gene
a segment of DNA (on a chromosome) that contains code for a s…
trait
a characteristic that is passed from parent to offspring thro…
27 terms
Genetic Inheritancev All
heredity
punnett square
dominant
recessive
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…
gene that determines the phenotype of an individual when two…
gene that is not expressed when combines with a dominant form…
heredity
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
punnett square
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…
11 terms
Genetic Engineering
Genetic engineering
Selective breeding
Hybridization
Inbreeding
Making changes in the DNA code of a living organism.
The process of selecting a few organisms with desired traits…
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristic…
Genetic engineering
Making changes in the DNA code of a living organism.
Selective breeding
The process of selecting a few organisms with desired traits…
Genetic Engineering
amino acids
anticodon
base-pairing rules
codon
Building blocks of protein
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
the rules stating that cytosine pairs with guanine and adenin…
A specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DN…
amino acids
Building blocks of protein
anticodon
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
15 terms
Genetic Key Terms
Selective Breeding
inbreeding
hybridization
biotechnology
method of breeding that allows only those organisms with desi…
continue breeding of individuals with similar characteristics…
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
Selective Breeding
method of breeding that allows only those organisms with desi…
inbreeding
continue breeding of individuals with similar characteristics…
21 terms
Genetic Continuity
asexual reproduction
biotechnology
body cell
bond
a method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to…
the combination of technology and biological sciences
non-reproductive cells in an individual such as skin, liver,…
the chemical link between atoms that hold molecules together
asexual reproduction
a method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to…
biotechnology
the combination of technology and biological sciences
// GENETIC ENGINEERING
sex-linked genes
GMO
genetic disorder
gene therapy
a gene that is carried on the x or y chromosome
(genetically modified organism) any organism whose genetic ma…
an abnormal condition that a person inherits through genes or…
the insertion of working copies of a gene into the cells of a…
sex-linked genes
a gene that is carried on the x or y chromosome
GMO
(genetically modified organism) any organism whose genetic ma…
ndilbeck Unit 9:Biotechnology
biotechnology
cloning
ethics
genetic engineering
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
making a genetically identical copy of DNA or of an organism
A system of moral principles.
Process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
biotechnology
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
cloning
making a genetically identical copy of DNA or of an organism
19 terms
Genetics
Biotechnology
Cloning
Do-dominance
Dominant Inheritance
Any procedure that uses biological systems or living organi…
A process where a cell's *chromosomes are transferred to an e…
A pattern of inheritance (herencia) where the phenotypic ef…
A pattern of inheritance where the allele (capital letter)…
Biotechnology
Any procedure that uses biological systems or living organi…
Cloning
A process where a cell's *chromosomes are transferred to an e…
25 terms
Genetic Engineering
Amino Acids
Anticodon
Base-Pairing Rules
Clone
Building blocks of protein
Group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complimentar…
Rules stating that cytosine pairs with guanine and adenine pa…
An exact duplicate
Amino Acids
Building blocks of protein
Anticodon
Group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complimentar…
Genetic Engineering Vocab
Restriction Enzyme
Gel Electrophoresis
Restriction Map
Polymerase Chain Reaction
A class of enzymes that cut DNA after recognizing a specific…
Procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placi…
Shows the sizes of DNA fragments between restriction sites
Technique that produces thousands of even billions of strands…
Restriction Enzyme
A class of enzymes that cut DNA after recognizing a specific…
Gel Electrophoresis
Procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placi…
Chapter 11: Genetic Engineering Vocabulary By: Brenden Zielinski
Selective Breeding
Gene Splicing
Cloning
Genetically Modified Organisms
Method of breeding that allows only those individual organism…
The process by which the DNA of an organism is cut and a gene…
Making a genetically identical copy of DNA or of an organism.
An organism whose genetic material has been altered through s…
Selective Breeding
Method of breeding that allows only those individual organism…
Gene Splicing
The process by which the DNA of an organism is cut and a gene…
20 terms
Environmental Science - Topic 3 (Genetic Continuity)
gene
trait
heredity
DNA
a segment of DNA (on a chromosome) that contains the code for…
a characteristic that is passed from parent to offspring thro…
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
(Deoxyribonucleic Acid) the material found in all cells that…
gene
a segment of DNA (on a chromosome) that contains the code for…
trait
a characteristic that is passed from parent to offspring thro…
Genetic Continuity Vocabulary
Asexual reproduction
Biotechnology
Body Cell
Chromosome
all genes are passed on to the offspring from a single parent
the combination of technology and biological sciences
non-reproductive cells in an individual, such as skin, liver…
structure in the nucleus that contains genetic information in…
Asexual reproduction
all genes are passed on to the offspring from a single parent
Biotechnology
the combination of technology and biological sciences
Topic 3: Genetic Continuity
gene
trait
heredity
DNA
a segment of DNA (on a chromosome) that contains the code for…
a characteristic that is passed from parent to offspring thro…
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
(deoxyribonucleic acid) the material found in all cells that…
gene
a segment of DNA (on a chromosome) that contains the code for…
trait
a characteristic that is passed from parent to offspring thro…
Unit 5: Genetics + Biotechnology
Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Traits
Recessive trait
The scientific study of heredity
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
Characteristics that are inherited
a trait that is apparent only when two recessive alleles for…
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
21 terms
Genetic Continuity
asexual reproduction
biotechnology
body cell
bond
A method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to…
The combination of technology and biological sciences
Non-reproductive cells in an individual such as skin, liver,…
the chemical link between atoms that hold molecules together
asexual reproduction
A method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to…
biotechnology
The combination of technology and biological sciences
Genetic Engineering Review
Restriction Enzymes
Gel Electrophoresis
Genome
Selective Breeding
enzymes that cut DNA molecules at a particular place
a method for separation and analysis of marcomolecules (DNA,…
an organisms complete set of DNA, including all of its genes
the process by which humans use animal and plant breeding to…
Restriction Enzymes
enzymes that cut DNA molecules at a particular place
Gel Electrophoresis
a method for separation and analysis of marcomolecules (DNA,…
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