Study sets matching "term:government = the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit"

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Study sets matching "term:government = the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit"

This is a study guide that lays out the detailed procedures of the judicial and legislative branches of the United States government
how a bill becomes a law
what are the requirements for joining…
what are requirements for joining the…
powers of congress (legislative branch)
1. Bill is introduced in either house; 2. sent to committee t…
1.must be at least 25... 2. must have been a u.s. citizen for at…
1. must be at least 30... 2. a u.s. citizen for at least 9 years…
1. create rules for citizenship... 2. collect taxes, pay debt. b…
how a bill becomes a law
1. Bill is introduced in either house; 2. sent to committee t…
what are the requirements for joining…
1.must be at least 25... 2. must have been a u.s. citizen for at…
It has been argued that the United States has become a "government by judiciary." Is this assessment accurate? Discuss the power of courts to make policy and whether the checks imposed against to make policy and whether the checks imposed against...
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2
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Judges have great latitude in making policy; first, laws are…
Second, attitudes of judges affect decision making because si…
Constitutional policy clearly varies with public opinion; per…
Numerous checks exist against arbitrary judicial behavior; Co…
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Judges have great latitude in making policy; first, laws are…
2
Second, attitudes of judges affect decision making because si…
42 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 1
politics
institution
government
order
The struggle over power or influence within organizations or…
an ongoing organization that performs certain functions for s…
the institution in which decisions are made that resolve conf…
a state of peace and security. Maintaining order by protectin…
politics
The struggle over power or influence within organizations or…
institution
an ongoing organization that performs certain functions for s…
19 terms
Political philosophies that shaped the development of United States constitutional government.
Rule of Law
democracy,
republic
limited government
All people, including those who govern, are bound by the law
government of majority rule
government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
a government that has been limited in power by a constitution…
Rule of Law
All people, including those who govern, are bound by the law
democracy,
government of majority rule
41 terms
AP Gov Ch 5 Political Parties
caucus
coalition
critical election
dealighnment
A meeting of local party members to choose party officials or…
A temporary alliance of several groups who come together to f…
An election when significant groups of voters change their tr…
citizens abandon allegiance to a political party and become i…
caucus
A meeting of local party members to choose party officials or…
coalition
A temporary alliance of several groups who come together to f…
25 terms
AP Government Chapter 2
Unalienable
Articles of Confederation
Constitutional Convention
Shay's Rebellion
A human right based on nature or God
A weak constitution that governed America during the Revoluti…
A meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 that produced a new constit…
A 1787 rebellion in which ex-Revolutionary War soldiers attem…
Unalienable
A human right based on nature or God
Articles of Confederation
A weak constitution that governed America during the Revoluti…
15 terms
Government in America: Chapter 7 (The Mass Media and the Political Agenda) Key Terms
high-tech politics
mass media
media event
press conferences
A politics in which the behavior of citizens and policymakers…
Television, radio, newspapers, magazines, and other means of…
Events purposely staged for the media that nonetheless look s…
Meetings of public officials with reporters.
high-tech politics
A politics in which the behavior of citizens and policymakers…
mass media
Television, radio, newspapers, magazines, and other means of…
127 terms
AP Government Midterm Review
John Locke
Social Contract
Natural Rights
consent of the governed
1632-1704. English philosopher whose Treatises of Government…
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their right…
...... Life, Liberty, and Property
the idea that government derives its authority by the sanctio…
John Locke
1632-1704. English philosopher whose Treatises of Government…
Social Contract
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their right…
321 terms
AP Government Terms Review
Government
Public Goods
Single Issue Group
Linkage Institutions
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
Goods, Like Clean Air, that every one must share.
Groups that have a narrow interest, dislike compromise, and d…
Political channels through which people's concerns become pol…
Government
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
Public Goods
Goods, Like Clean Air, that every one must share.
33 terms
Gov Ch 5 The American Political System
closed primary
coalition
conservative
county committee
an election in which registered members of a political party…
a temporary alliance of political parties during which they c…
a political viewpoint that believes in limiting the role of g…
the basic party unit below the state level.
closed primary
an election in which registered members of a political party…
coalition
a temporary alliance of political parties during which they c…
43 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 1
politics
institution
government
order
The struggle over power or influence within organizations or…
an ongoing organization that performs certain functions for s…
the preeminent institution in which decisions are made that r…
a state of peace and security. Maintaining order by protectin…
politics
The struggle over power or influence within organizations or…
institution
an ongoing organization that performs certain functions for s…
AP Government Chapter 2
Unalienable
Articles of Confederation
Constitutional Convention
Shays' Rebellion
A human right based on nature or God
A weak constitution that governed America during the Revoluti…
A meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 that produced a new constit…
A 1787 rebellion in which ex-Revolutionary War soldiers attem…
Unalienable
A human right based on nature or God
Articles of Confederation
A weak constitution that governed America during the Revoluti…
22 terms
AP Government Chapter 15; The Federal Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil Service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
A patronage job is one that is given for political reasons in…
Established in 1833 so that hiring and promoting would be bas…
A system of hiring and promoting based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
A patronage job is one that is given for political reasons in…
25 terms
AP Government Chapter 2
Unalienable
Articles of Confederation
Constitutional Convention
Shays' Rebellion
A human right based on nature or God
A weak constitution that governed America during the Revoluti…
A meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 that produced a new constit…
A 1787 rebellion in which ex-Revolutionary War soldiers attem…
Unalienable
A human right based on nature or God
Articles of Confederation
A weak constitution that governed America during the Revoluti…
38 terms
US Government - Chapter 3 : The Constitution
constitution
bicameral
confederation
Articles of Confederation
a detailed, written plan for government
a legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
a group of individuals or state governments
the first constitution of the United States
constitution
a detailed, written plan for government
bicameral
a legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
59 terms
Government
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
Gideon v. Florida (1963)
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Barron v. Baltimore (1833)
(1st Amendment) No prayers in public schools
(6th amendment) right to counselor. You have the right to an…
created the concept of judicial review
Bill of Rights does not apply to the states.
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
(1st Amendment) No prayers in public schools
Gideon v. Florida (1963)
(6th amendment) right to counselor. You have the right to an…
21 terms
Government Alive! Chapter 1
Authority
Government
Power
Coercion
The legal right and power to give orders and enforce rules.
Institutions and officals organized to establish and carry ou…
The ability to cause others to behave as they might not other…
The use of force or threats to make people do things against…
Authority
The legal right and power to give orders and enforce rules.
Government
Institutions and officals organized to establish and carry ou…
319 terms
AP Government Terms Review
Government
Public Goods
Single Issue Group
Linkage Institutions
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
Goods, Like Clean Air, that every one must share.
Groups that have a narrow interest, dislike compromise, and d…
Political channels through which people's concerns become pol…
Government
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
Public Goods
Goods, Like Clean Air, that every one must share.
44 terms
American Government Chapter 1
Politics
Power
Government
Thomas Hobbes
the study of government of states and other political units
one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority
the system or form by which a community or other political un…
wrote "Leviathan" and believed people were naturally cruel, g…
Politics
the study of government of states and other political units
Power
one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority
26 terms
Chapter 7 (Part 2): American Government and Politics Today - Political Parties
dealignment
Democratic Party
divided government
electoral college
A decline in party loyalties that reduces long-term party com…
One of the two major American political parties evolving out…
A situation in which one major political party controls the p…
A group of persons, called electors, who are selected by the…
dealignment
A decline in party loyalties that reduces long-term party com…
Democratic Party
One of the two major American political parties evolving out…
Ap Government Unit 1
Elite Thoeries
Pluralist Theory
Articles of Confederation
Shays' rebellion
A belief that certain groups hold disproportionate power in a…
A theory of government and politics emphasizing that politics…
1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executi…
Rebellion led by farmers in western Massachusetts in 1786-178…
Elite Thoeries
A belief that certain groups hold disproportionate power in a…
Pluralist Theory
A theory of government and politics emphasizing that politics…
34 terms
Principles of American Government and the Constitution
Popular Sovereignty
Rule of Law
Separation of Powers
Judicial Review
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people.
The principle that every member of a society, even a ruler, m…
The distribution of power and authority among the legislative…
The power of the courts to determine the constitutionality of…
Popular Sovereignty
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people.
Rule of Law
The principle that every member of a society, even a ruler, m…
26 terms
Chapter 8 AP Government Vocabulary
party competition
political party
linkage institutions
rational-choice theory
the battle of parties for control of public offices
"a tea of men (and women) seeking to control the governing ap…
the channels through which people's concerns become political…
a popular theory in political science to explain the actions…
party competition
the battle of parties for control of public offices
political party
"a tea of men (and women) seeking to control the governing ap…
39 terms
AP Government: Political Parties
Political Party
Direct Primary
National Convention
National Committee
a group that seeks to elect candidates to public office
a primary where voters directly select the candidates who wil…
A national meeting of delegates elected in primaries, caucuse…
One of the institutions that keep the party operating between…
Political Party
a group that seeks to elect candidates to public office
Direct Primary
a primary where voters directly select the candidates who wil…
18 terms
Foundations of Government
government
nation
state
soverignty
an institution through which leaders exercise power to make a…
a group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom,…
a political community that occupies a definite territory and…
the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundar…
government
an institution through which leaders exercise power to make a…
nation
a group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom,…
39 terms
AP Gov Ch 1 The Constitution
advice and consent
Anti-Federalists
Articles of Confederation
bicameral
The power of Congress to confirm or deny executive appointmen…
Anti-Federalists rose up as the opponents of the Constitution…
1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executi…
2 chambers; Congress has the Senate and the House of Represen…
advice and consent
The power of Congress to confirm or deny executive appointmen…
Anti-Federalists
Anti-Federalists rose up as the opponents of the Constitution…
41 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 1 - One Republic-Two Americas?
politics
institution
government
order
The struggle over power or influence within organizations or…
an ongoing organization that performs certain functions for s…
the institution in which decisions are made that resolve conf…
a state of peace and security. Maintaining order by protectin…
politics
The struggle over power or influence within organizations or…
institution
an ongoing organization that performs certain functions for s…
26 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 2
Anti-Federalist
Amendment requirements
Articles of Confederation
Bill of Rights
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
America's 1st constitution from 1781-1789. it provided a weak…
The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution. They provide for…
Anti-Federalist
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
Amendment requirements
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
18 terms
AP Government Chapter 3
Necessary and Proper Clause
Nullification
Dual federalism
Unitary System
Section of the Constitution allowing Congress to pass all law…
The doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal…
Doctrine holding that the national government is supreme in i…
sovereignty is wholly in the hands of the national government
Necessary and Proper Clause
Section of the Constitution allowing Congress to pass all law…
Nullification
The doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal…
55 terms
AP Government, Constitution+ Federalism
John Locke
Social Contract
Natural Rights
consent of the governed
1632-1704. English philosopher whose Treatises of Government…
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their right…
...... Life, Liberty, and Property
the idea that government derives its authority by the sanctio…
John Locke
1632-1704. English philosopher whose Treatises of Government…
Social Contract
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their right…
14 terms
Government Unit 2: Political Participation
mandate
plurality
majority
primary election
the authority to carry out a policy or course of action, as g…
when a candidate receives more than any other but does not re…
when a candidate receives more than half of the total number…
a preliminary election in which a party's voters select their…
mandate
the authority to carry out a policy or course of action, as g…
plurality
when a candidate receives more than any other but does not re…
19 terms
American Government and Politics Today Ch 3
Federalism
Unitary System
Confederal System
Elastic Clause
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
A centralized government system in which local or subdivision…
A system consisting of a league of independent states, each h…
Clause that says Congress can do whatever is necessary to exe…
Federalism
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
Unitary System
A centralized government system in which local or subdivision…
AP Gov Ch 5 Political Parties
caucus
coalition
critical election
dealighnment
A meeting of local party members to choose party officials or…
A temporary alliance of several groups who come together to f…
An election when significant groups of voters change their tr…
citizens abandon allegiance to a political party and become i…
caucus
A meeting of local party members to choose party officials or…
coalition
A temporary alliance of several groups who come together to f…
37 terms
Chapter 1 - Principles of Government
State (Nation, Nation-State)
Sovereignty
Government
Public Policy
An independent political unity characterized by population, t…
A characteristic of a legitimate state; A state's right to ru…
A characteristic of a legitimate state; The people and instit…
Any course of government action directed toward achieving a n…
State (Nation, Nation-State)
An independent political unity characterized by population, t…
Sovereignty
A characteristic of a legitimate state; A state's right to ru…
32 terms
AP Government Ch. 8 Political Parties
political party
party in the electorate
party as organization
party in government
a team of people seeking to control public policy by winning…
a political party as it exists with voters that identify them…
a political party as it exists with leaders, offices, staff,…
a political party as it exists with government officials that…
political party
a team of people seeking to control public policy by winning…
party in the electorate
a political party as it exists with voters that identify them…
32 terms
Political Parties and Elections (American Government and Political Science)
Political Party
Political Ideology
One-Party System
Two-Party System
A group of candidates, officer-holders and citizens with simi…
A set of beliefs about the role of government.
Typical in countries with authoritarian governments; Politica…
Political system with two dominant political parties; Indepen…
Political Party
A group of candidates, officer-holders and citizens with simi…
Political Ideology
A set of beliefs about the role of government.
130 terms
AP Government and Politics
AP US GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS GLOSSARY
Term
•affirmative action.
•amendment (constitutional).
...
Definition
Policy or program designed to redress historic injustices com…
Changes in, or additions to, a constitution. Proposed by a tw…
AP US GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS GLOSSARY
...
Term
Definition
22 terms
AP Government Chapter 15; The Federal Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil Service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
A patronage job is one that is given for political reasons in…
Established in 1833 so that hiring and promoting would be bas…
A system of hiring and promoting based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
A patronage job is one that is given for political reasons in…
8 terms
Government 3.1-3.2
Representative government
Rule of Law
Limited government
Individual rights
A political system in which power is exercised by elected lea…
The principle that government is based on clear and fairly en…
A political system in which the powers exercised by the gover…
The rights and liberties that can be claimed by individuals b…
Representative government
A political system in which power is exercised by elected lea…
Rule of Law
The principle that government is based on clear and fairly en…
109 terms
Government - Unit 1 Test (Chapter 1 - 4) Review
State
Nation
Nation-state
Sovereignty
A political community that occupies a definite territory and…
Group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom, tr…
A group of people united by something significant that occupi…
The supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundar…
State
A political community that occupies a definite territory and…
Nation
Group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom, tr…
22 terms
Government in America chapter 1
government
collective goods
politics
political participation
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
Goods and services, such as clean air and clean water, that b…
The process by which we select our governmental leaders and w…
All the activities by which citizens attempt to influence the…
government
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
collective goods
Goods and services, such as clean air and clean water, that b…
9 terms
Government Chapter 1
Authority
Government
Power
Legitimacy
The legal right or power to give orders and enforce rules.
Institutions and officials organized to establish and carry o…
The ability to cause others to behave as they might not other…
The quality of being accepted as an authority, often applied…
Authority
The legal right or power to give orders and enforce rules.
Government
Institutions and officials organized to establish and carry o…
17 terms
Government Alive! Chapter 13
Runoff Election
Line of Succesion
Reprive
Pardon
A second election to determine a clear winner, following a fi…
The order of successors to the presidency if the president is…
A postponement of punishment for a crime.
A decree that frees a person from a punishment for a crime.
Runoff Election
A second election to determine a clear winner, following a fi…
Line of Succesion
The order of successors to the presidency if the president is…
USG 1.2 Components of Government and the Governing Process
politics
Power
Authority
Sovereignty
the process by which governing decisions are made and impleme…
The ability to influence the political process, decision maki…
having legitimate decision-making and executive power. It inv…
having the power and the right to rule- referencing the ultim…
politics
the process by which governing decisions are made and impleme…
Power
The ability to influence the political process, decision maki…
25 terms
Government
rights of citizenship
civic responsibilities and duties
civic participation
main idea
freedom of religion, speech, press,... petition and assembly pro…
obeying the law, respecting the rights... of others, paying taxe…
actively engaging in the community... by using information effec…
tells the topic of the paragraph
rights of citizenship
freedom of religion, speech, press,... petition and assembly pro…
civic responsibilities and duties
obeying the law, respecting the rights... of others, paying taxe…
25 terms
American Government & Citizenship: The Constitution
Constitutional Convention
Legislative branch
Executive branch
Judicial branch
Meeting in 1787 of the elected representatives of the thirtee…
Makes laws
Carries out the laws
Branch of government that decides if laws are carried out fai…
Constitutional Convention
Meeting in 1787 of the elected representatives of the thirtee…
Legislative branch
Makes laws
47 terms
Government
Land ordinance of 1785
Articles of Confederation
Northwest Ordinance
Representative Government(A Republic)
The Articles of Confederation, Orderly growth
First Constitution, Very Weak
Changes territories to states
Elects Representatives
Land ordinance of 1785
The Articles of Confederation, Orderly growth
Articles of Confederation
First Constitution, Very Weak
45 terms
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
Government (chapter 1)
Public Goods (chapter 1)
Democracy (chapter 1)
Political Culture (chapter 1)
The institutions throughout which public policies are made fo…
Goods such as clean, air, clean water; that everyone must share
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing governme…
An overall set of values widely shared within a society
Government (chapter 1)
The institutions throughout which public policies are made fo…
Public Goods (chapter 1)
Goods such as clean, air, clean water; that everyone must share
25 terms
Magruder's American Government Chapter 1 Definitions
Government
Legislative Power
Executive Power
Judicial Power
the institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
the power to make law and to frame public policies
the power to execute, enforce, and administer law
the power to interpret laws, determine their meaning and to s…
Government
the institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
Legislative Power
the power to make law and to frame public policies
88 terms
HCHS AP US Government- Unit 4 (Political Parties,Interest Groups, Mass Media)
Partisanship
party base
party platform
party-centered
A supporter of a person, part, or cause;
members of a political party who consistently vote for that p…
A political party's statement of its goals and policies for t…
election campaigns and other political processes in which pol…
Partisanship
A supporter of a person, part, or cause;
party base
members of a political party who consistently vote for that p…
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