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Study sets matching "term:government = the system or form by which a community or other political unit is governed"

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Study sets matching "term:government = the system or form by which a community or other political unit is governed"

44 terms
American Government Chapter 1
Politics
Power
Government
Thomas Hobbes
the study of government of states and other political units
one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority
the system or form by which a community or other political un…
wrote "Leviathan" and believed people were naturally cruel, g…
Politics
the study of government of states and other political units
Power
one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority
41 terms
AP Gov Ch 5 Political Parties
caucus
coalition
critical election
dealighnment
A meeting of local party members to choose party officials or…
A temporary alliance of several groups who come together to f…
An election when significant groups of voters change their tr…
citizens abandon allegiance to a political party and become i…
caucus
A meeting of local party members to choose party officials or…
coalition
A temporary alliance of several groups who come together to f…
16 terms
American Government Chapter 1 2b
Politics
Power
Government
Thomas Hobbes
the study of government of states and other political units
one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority
(government) the system or form by which a community or other…
wrote "Leviathan" and believed people were naturally cruel, g…
Politics
the study of government of states and other political units
Power
one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority
42 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 1
politics
institution
government
order
The struggle over power or influence within organizations or…
an ongoing organization that performs certain functions for s…
the institution in which decisions are made that resolve conf…
a state of peace and security. Maintaining order by protectin…
politics
The struggle over power or influence within organizations or…
institution
an ongoing organization that performs certain functions for s…
20 terms
American Government Chapter 1
Politics
Power
Government
Thomas Hobbes
the study of government of states and other political units
one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority
(government) the system or form by which a community or other…
wrote "Leviathan" and believed people were naturally cruel, g…
Politics
the study of government of states and other political units
Power
one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority
42 terms
Government Alive! Chapter 2
Democracy
Monarcy
Dictatorship
Market Economy
A system of government in which citizens exercise supreme pow…
A system of government in which a single ruler exercises supr…
A system of government in which a single person or group exer…
An economic system that relies mainly on markets to determine…
Democracy
A system of government in which citizens exercise supreme pow…
Monarcy
A system of government in which a single ruler exercises supr…
33 terms
Gov Ch 5 The American Political System
closed primary
coalition
conservative
county committee
an election in which registered members of a political party…
a temporary alliance of political parties during which they c…
a political viewpoint that believes in limiting the role of g…
the basic party unit below the state level.
closed primary
an election in which registered members of a political party…
coalition
a temporary alliance of political parties during which they c…
48 terms
Ap Government Unit 1
Articles of Confederation
Monarchy
Natural Law
Separation of powers
1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executi…
A government ruled by a king or queen
A doctrine that society should be governed by certain ethical…
A way of dividing the power of government among the legislati…
Articles of Confederation
1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executi…
Monarchy
A government ruled by a king or queen
25 terms
AS Edexcel Government and Politics - Elections
Election
Constituency
Manifesto
Mandate
A process where citizens are given the opportunity to chose r…
A sub-division of a community, such as a country or a state,…
A statement produced by a political party detailing the polic…
The authority to govern granted by the voters to the winning…
Election
A process where citizens are given the opportunity to chose r…
Constituency
A sub-division of a community, such as a country or a state,…
22 terms
Gov Ch 1 Basic Theories of Government
bureaucrat
capitalism
communism
confederate government
the nonelected officials who work for a government and carry…
an economic system based on private ownership of property and…
a system of economics and government based on state ownership…
a system of government in which most of the power is held by…
bureaucrat
the nonelected officials who work for a government and carry…
capitalism
an economic system based on private ownership of property and…
39 terms
AP Gov Ch 1 The Constitution
advice and consent
Anti-Federalists
Articles of Confederation
bicameral
The power of Congress to confirm or deny executive appointmen…
Anti-Federalists rose up as the opponents of the Constitution…
1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executi…
2 chambers; Congress has the Senate and the House of Represen…
advice and consent
The power of Congress to confirm or deny executive appointmen…
Anti-Federalists
Anti-Federalists rose up as the opponents of the Constitution…
59 terms
Government
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
Gideon v. Florida (1963)
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Barron v. Baltimore (1833)
(1st Amendment) No prayers in public schools
(6th amendment) right to counselor. You have the right to an…
created the concept of judicial review
Bill of Rights does not apply to the states.
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
(1st Amendment) No prayers in public schools
Gideon v. Florida (1963)
(6th amendment) right to counselor. You have the right to an…
43 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 1
politics
institution
government
order
The struggle over power or influence within organizations or…
an ongoing organization that performs certain functions for s…
the preeminent institution in which decisions are made that r…
a state of peace and security. Maintaining order by protectin…
politics
The struggle over power or influence within organizations or…
institution
an ongoing organization that performs certain functions for s…
7 terms
Social Studies - Chapter 1
government
monarchy
dictatorship
oligarchy
(government) the system or form by which a community or other…
A government ruled by a king or queen
A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictat…
A government ruled by a few powerful people
government
(government) the system or form by which a community or other…
monarchy
A government ruled by a king or queen
109 terms
Government - Unit 1 Test (Chapter 1 - 4) Review
State
Nation
Nation-state
Sovereignty
A political community that occupies a definite territory and…
Group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom, tr…
A group of people united by something significant that occupi…
The supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundar…
State
A political community that occupies a definite territory and…
Nation
Group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom, tr…
11 terms
Unit 1 - Political(Forms of Government) and Economic Systems
Autocracy
Oligarchy
Democracy
Communism
A system of government in which the power to rule is in the h…
In an oligarchy political power is held by a small group of p…
A government controlled by its citizens, either directly or t…
A political system in which the government owns all property…
Autocracy
A system of government in which the power to rule is in the h…
Oligarchy
In an oligarchy political power is held by a small group of p…
24 terms
Chapter 1 What is Gov't? Key Terms - AP Gov't
Government
Politics
Dictatorship
Democracy
(government) the system or form by which a community or other…
Method of maintaining, managing, and gaining control of gover…
A government controlled by one person or a small group of peo…
A term used to describe a political system in which the peopl…
Government
(government) the system or form by which a community or other…
Politics
Method of maintaining, managing, and gaining control of gover…
21 terms
Unit 1 - Political(Forms of Government) and Economic Systems
Autocracy
Oligarchy
Democracy
Communism
A system of government in which the power to rule is in the h…
In an oligarchy political power is held by a small group of p…
A government controlled by its citizens, either directly or t…
A political system in which the government owns all property…
Autocracy
A system of government in which the power to rule is in the h…
Oligarchy
In an oligarchy political power is held by a small group of p…
127 terms
AP Government Midterm Review
John Locke
Social Contract
Natural Rights
consent of the governed
1632-1704. English philosopher whose Treatises of Government…
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their right…
...... Life, Liberty, and Property
the idea that government derives its authority by the sanctio…
John Locke
1632-1704. English philosopher whose Treatises of Government…
Social Contract
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their right…
21 terms
Unit 1 - Political(Forms of Government) and Economic Systems
Autocracy
Oligarchy
Democracy
Communism
A system of government in which the power to rule is in the h…
In an oligarchy political power is held by a small group of p…
A government controlled by its citizens, either directly or t…
A political system in which the government owns all property…
Autocracy
A system of government in which the power to rule is in the h…
Oligarchy
In an oligarchy political power is held by a small group of p…
26 terms
Unit 1.2 Ideas About Government
Anarchy
Authoritarian Gov.
Authority
Autocracy
A total lack of government.
A gov. controlled by an individual or small group with ABSOLU…
Power that is recognized as legitimate.
A system of government in which the power to rule is in the h…
Anarchy
A total lack of government.
Authoritarian Gov.
A gov. controlled by an individual or small group with ABSOLU…
41 terms
AP GOV CH 10 The Presidency
ad hoc
ambassadors
bully pulpit
cabinet
for a specific purpose and no other; improvised
an official representative of a country's government
the president's use of his prestige and visibility to guide o…
A group of advisers to the president.
ad hoc
for a specific purpose and no other; improvised
ambassadors
an official representative of a country's government
47 terms
Ap Government Unit 1
Elite Thoeries
Pluralist Theory
Articles of Confederation
Shays' rebellion
A belief that certain groups hold disproportionate power in a…
A theory of government and politics emphasizing that politics…
1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executi…
Rebellion led by farmers in western Massachusetts in 1786-178…
Elite Thoeries
A belief that certain groups hold disproportionate power in a…
Pluralist Theory
A theory of government and politics emphasizing that politics…
10 terms
Three Branches of Government
government
power
Founding Fathers
Constitution
the system or form by which a community or other political un…
the ability to take control of someone or something
the delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphi…
the document which establishes the basic principles of the Am…
government
the system or form by which a community or other political un…
power
the ability to take control of someone or something
19 terms
Government Alive! Chapter 6
Expressed Powers
Dual Federalism
Interstate Commerce
Intrastate Commerce
The powers given specifically to the national government by t…
A federal system with a fairly strict division of powers betw…
Trade that takes place between two states or among several st…
Trade that takes place within the borders of a state.
Expressed Powers
The powers given specifically to the national government by t…
Dual Federalism
A federal system with a fairly strict division of powers betw…
10 terms
Three Branches of Government
government
power
Founding Fathers
Constitution
the system or form by which a community or other political un…
the ability to take control of someone or something
the delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphi…
the document which establishes the basic principles of the Am…
government
the system or form by which a community or other political un…
power
the ability to take control of someone or something
10 terms
Unit #5—State & Local Government
Republic
Government
Power
Constituent
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders b…
(government) the system or form by which a community or other…
...
...
Republic
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders b…
Government
(government) the system or form by which a community or other…
9 terms
Forms of Government
Absolute Monarchy
Parliamentary Democracy
Authoritarian Government
Dictatorship
Form of government in which the leader is a hereditary (passe…
Form of government in which citizens elect representatives to…
A government in which one leader or group of people holds abs…
Form of government controlled by one ruler who has absolute p…
Absolute Monarchy
Form of government in which the leader is a hereditary (passe…
Parliamentary Democracy
Form of government in which citizens elect representatives to…
38 terms
US Government - Chapter 3 : The Constitution
constitution
bicameral
confederation
Articles of Confederation
a detailed, written plan for government
a legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
a group of individuals or state governments
the first constitution of the United States
constitution
a detailed, written plan for government
bicameral
a legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
35 terms
AP Gov Ch 4 Political Participation
absentee ballot
Andrew Jackson
Australian ballot
Civil Rights Act (1957, 1964)
a ballot that allows a person to vote without going to the po…
a popular leader and advocate for expanding suffrage to all w…
First used in Australia in 1872; by 1892, 33 U.S. states had…
1957 - addressed discrimination in voter registration and est…
absentee ballot
a ballot that allows a person to vote without going to the po…
Andrew Jackson
a popular leader and advocate for expanding suffrage to all w…
21 terms
Government Alive! Chapter 1
Authority
Government
Power
Coercion
The legal right and power to give orders and enforce rules.
Institutions and officals organized to establish and carry ou…
The ability to cause others to behave as they might not other…
The use of force or threats to make people do things against…
Authority
The legal right and power to give orders and enforce rules.
Government
Institutions and officals organized to establish and carry ou…
16 terms
Types of Government that fit under a Unitary or Federal System
Autocracy
Totalitarian Dictatorship
Monarchy
Absolute Monarchs
A system of government in which the power to rule is in the h…
A form of autocratic government where the ideas of leaders ar…
A form of government in which power is vested in hereditary k…
a monarch that has complete and unlimited power to rule his o…
Autocracy
A system of government in which the power to rule is in the h…
Totalitarian Dictatorship
A form of autocratic government where the ideas of leaders ar…
13 terms
US Government Chapter 1
government
public policy
legislative power
executive power
A group of people who keep law and order and make laws.
A specific course of action taken by government to achieve a…
The power to make laws
the power to execute, enforce, and administer laws
government
A group of people who keep law and order and make laws.
public policy
A specific course of action taken by government to achieve a…
8 terms
Government and Citizenship - Political Systems
state
city-state
empire
democracy
region that shares a common government
independent state consisting of a city and its surrounding te…
state containing several countries or territories
form of government in which citizens hold political power
state
region that shares a common government
city-state
independent state consisting of a city and its surrounding te…
9 terms
Introduction to the Three Branches of Government
government
power
Constitution
Separation of Power
the system or form by which a community or other political un…
the ability to take control of someone or something
the document which establishes the basic principles of the Am…
three separate branches of government, where each has its own…
government
the system or form by which a community or other political un…
power
the ability to take control of someone or something
13 terms
Government
government
constitution
limited government
unlimited government
a group of people who have the power to make and enforce laws
a system of basic rules and principles by which a government…
a government structure in which government actions are limite…
a government structure in which there are no effective limits…
government
a group of people who have the power to make and enforce laws
constitution
a system of basic rules and principles by which a government…
26 terms
Chapter 7 (Part 2): American Government and Politics Today - Political Parties
dealignment
Democratic Party
divided government
electoral college
A decline in party loyalties that reduces long-term party com…
One of the two major American political parties evolving out…
A situation in which one major political party controls the p…
A group of persons, called electors, who are selected by the…
dealignment
A decline in party loyalties that reduces long-term party com…
Democratic Party
One of the two major American political parties evolving out…
11 terms
Government Vocab
Government
Public goods
Revenue
Coercion
(government) the system or form by which a community or other…
goods that can be consumed by one person without preventing t…
money taken in through taxes
use of force to get someone to obey
Government
(government) the system or form by which a community or other…
Public goods
goods that can be consumed by one person without preventing t…
47 terms
American Government & Politics Today Chapter 1
Political Culture
Property
Recall
Representative Democracy
The patterned set of ideas, values, and ways of thinking abou…
Anything that is, or may be subject to ownership
Allows the people to vote a politician out of office
a form of government in which representatives elected by the…
Political Culture
The patterned set of ideas, values, and ways of thinking abou…
Property
Anything that is, or may be subject to ownership
20 terms
Government Alive! Chapter 3
Natural Law
Representative Government
Charter
Rule of Law
A universal set of moral principles believed to come from hum…
A political system in which power is exercised by elected lea…
A written grant of authority.
The principle that government is based on clear and fairly en…
Natural Law
A universal set of moral principles believed to come from hum…
Representative Government
A political system in which power is exercised by elected lea…
27 terms
Government Alive! Chapter 4
Due Process
Republican Government
Enumerated Powers
Implied Powers
The principle that no person can be deprived of life, liberty…
A representative political system in which authority comes fr…
Those powers of the national government that are specifically…
Those powers of the national government, and particularly of…
Due Process
The principle that no person can be deprived of life, liberty…
Republican Government
A representative political system in which authority comes fr…
22 terms
American Government Chapter One
government
public policy
legislative power
executive power
the institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
all of the many goals that a government pursues in all of the…
the power to make a law and to frame public policies
the power to execute, enforce, and administer law
government
the institution through which a society makes and enforces it…
public policy
all of the many goals that a government pursues in all of the…
18 terms
COMPARATIVE GOVERNMENT
comparative government
democracy
constitutional monarchy
republic
The study of the elements that make up different... forms of gov…
A system of government in which political control is exercise…
A system of government characterized by a... monarch as the head…
A system of government characterized by elected representativ…
comparative government
The study of the elements that make up different... forms of gov…
democracy
A system of government in which political control is exercise…
Democratic Democracy
government
Democracy
Aristocracy
Citizens
(government) the system or form by which a community or other…
...
...
...
government
(government) the system or form by which a community or other…
Democracy
...
10 terms
Three Branches of Government
government
power
Founding Fathers
Constitution
the system or form by which a community or other political un…
the ability to take control of someone or something
the delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphi…
the document which establishes the basic principles of the Am…
government
the system or form by which a community or other political un…
power
the ability to take control of someone or something
9 terms
Forms of Government
anarchy
monarchy
dictatorship
oligarchy
Absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
A government ruled by a king or queen
A form of government in which the leader has absolute power a…
A government ruled by a few powerful people
anarchy
Absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
monarchy
A government ruled by a king or queen
8 terms
Forms of Government Unit
Democratic Republic
Direct Democracy
Representative Democracy (Republic)
Communism
A type of government where the political power is held by the…
A type of government in which the people themselves meet and…
A system of government in which the people elect officials to…
A one-party form of government based on the idea of the state…
Democratic Republic
A type of government where the political power is held by the…
Direct Democracy
A type of government in which the people themselves meet and…
42 terms
Government Unit 1
Democracy
Monarcy
Dictatorship
Market Economy
A system of government in which citizens exercise supreme pow…
A system of government in which a single ruler exercises supr…
A system of government in which a single person or group exer…
An economic system that relies mainly on markets to determine…
Democracy
A system of government in which citizens exercise supreme pow…
Monarcy
A system of government in which a single ruler exercises supr…
18 terms
AP Government Chapter 3
Necessary and Proper Clause
Nullification
Dual federalism
Unitary System
Section of the Constitution allowing Congress to pass all law…
The doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal…
Doctrine holding that the national government is supreme in i…
sovereignty is wholly in the hands of the national government
Necessary and Proper Clause
Section of the Constitution allowing Congress to pass all law…
Nullification
The doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal…
Foundations of Government
power
policy
state
sovereignty
influence over others
any decision made by government in pursuit of a particular goal
a political unit made up by a group of people that lives with…
the ultimate, supreme power rest within a state
power
influence over others
policy
any decision made by government in pursuit of a particular goal
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