Study sets matching "term:grammer = rules of language or knowledge of a language that a person has. mediates between our ideas and our utterances"

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Study sets matching "term:grammer = rules of language or knowledge of a language that a person has. mediates between our ideas and our utterances"

A Level English Language - Grammar
abstract noun
active sentence
adjective
adverb
a noun which refers to ideas and concepts that only exist in…
a sentence where the subject/agent of the verb is foregrounded
a word that modifies a noun
a word that modifies a verb, telling you how, where, when and…
abstract noun
a noun which refers to ideas and concepts that only exist in…
active sentence
a sentence where the subject/agent of the verb is foregrounded
Chapter 1 - What is a language?
Linguistic Determinism
Linguistic Relativism
Linguistic Performance
Linguistic Competence
That language determines how we think. This is the strong ver…
Linguistic categories and usage only influence thought. They…
How we use the knowledge of the difference between words and…
Difference between our knowledge of words and grammar
Linguistic Determinism
That language determines how we think. This is the strong ver…
Linguistic Relativism
Linguistic categories and usage only influence thought. They…
40 terms
foundations of language 1 a
linguistic knowledge
linguistic performance
descriptive grammar
teaching grammar
knowledge of words and grammar
how we use our knowledge of words and grammar
what we know about our language, basic description how it is…
used to learn another language or dialect, learn sounds that…
linguistic knowledge
knowledge of words and grammar
linguistic performance
how we use our knowledge of words and grammar
Language
Receptive Language
Expressive Language
1. Phonological Knowledge
Phonemes
refers to a child's comprehension of words (oral or written).…
refers to a child's production of language to communicate
refers to knowledge about sound symbol relations in a language
smallest linguistic unit of a sound which is combined with ot…
Receptive Language
refers to a child's comprehension of words (oral or written).…
Expressive Language
refers to a child's production of language to communicate
A Level English Language - Grammar
abstract noun
active voice
adjective
adverb
a noun which refers to ideas and concepts that only exist in…
a sentence where the subject of the sentence is the thing per…
a word that modifies a noun
a word that modifies a verb, telling you how, where, when and…
abstract noun
a noun which refers to ideas and concepts that only exist in…
active voice
a sentence where the subject of the sentence is the thing per…
19 terms
Ch 1: What is Language
grammar
phonology
morphology
lexicon
mental representation of speaker's linguistic competence; wha…
sound system of language; component of grammar that includes…
structure of words; component of grammar that includes rules…
properties of words; component of grammar containing speakers…
grammar
mental representation of speaker's linguistic competence; wha…
phonology
sound system of language; component of grammar that includes…
Generative Grammar Chp 1 ~ 3
Syntax
Language
language
Generative Grammar
The level of linguistic organization that mediates between so…
The psychological ability of humans to produce and understand…
A language like English or French. These are the particular i…
A theory of linguistics in which grammar is viewed as a cogni…
Syntax
The level of linguistic organization that mediates between so…
Language
The psychological ability of humans to produce and understand…
A Level English Language - Pragmatics
audience construction
cultural reference
allusion
exophoric reference
the way the ideal reader is created within the text. Althusse…
a reference or quote to another cultural product (song lyric,…
a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or i…
a reference to something, often cultural, to something beyond…
audience construction
the way the ideal reader is created within the text. Althusse…
cultural reference
a reference or quote to another cultural product (song lyric,…
22 terms
Ch. 4 Discovering the Power of Oral Language
jargon
standard language
informal language
pronunciation
language associated with a particular field or profession
language used by the majority of knowledgeable communicators
language used in close interpersonal relationships
the standard set for the overall sound of a word
jargon
language associated with a particular field or profession
standard language
language used by the majority of knowledgeable communicators
21 terms
English Grammar - Basics
noun
verb
adverb
adjective
a naming word; a word or group of words that represent a pers…
a word or group of words that describes an action, experience…
a word that adds to the meaning of a verb, an adjective, anot…
a word that describes a noun or pronoun
noun
a naming word; a word or group of words that represent a pers…
verb
a word or group of words that describes an action, experience…
A Level English Language - CLA Theories and Research
acclimatisation
behaviourism theory
tabula rasa (blank slate)
communicative competence
in the womb, the growing baby acclimatises to the sounds of t…
language is learnt by nurture, through imitation and parrotin…
Aristotle - we are all born a blank slate ready to pick up le…
the ability to form accurate and understandable utterances, u…
acclimatisation
in the womb, the growing baby acclimatises to the sounds of t…
behaviourism theory
language is learnt by nurture, through imitation and parrotin…
70 terms
Language
Receptive Language
Expressive Language
1. Phonological Knowledge
Phonemes
refers to a child's comprehension of words (oral or written).…
refers to a child's production of language to communicate
refers to knowledge about sound symbol relations in a language
smallest linguistic unit of a sound which is combined with ot…
Receptive Language
refers to a child's comprehension of words (oral or written).…
Expressive Language
refers to a child's production of language to communicate
33 terms
Nature of Language - Chapter 1
Language acquisition
Language Learning
Designed Features of Language
Semanticity
Natural unconscious process of language development in humans…
Process of gaining conscious knowledge of language through in…
Proposed by Charles Hockett - features that distinguish human…
Signals can be matched with meanings. Words have meanings.
Language acquisition
Natural unconscious process of language development in humans…
Language Learning
Process of gaining conscious knowledge of language through in…
16 terms
AP Human Geography Unit 3: Language (Chapter 5)
Creole
Dialect
Indo-European languages
Isogloss
A language that is a mix of a colonizer's language and an ind…
A form of a language that is decided by spelling, vocabulary,…
A language family that has a variety of languages that have b…
A boundary that separates regions that have different dialect…
Creole
A language that is a mix of a colonizer's language and an ind…
Dialect
A form of a language that is decided by spelling, vocabulary,…
72 terms
CIED3262 Language Development for the Educator
phonological knowledge
semantic knowledge
schemata
syntactic knowledge
knowledge about sound-symbol relations in a language ex. the…
the word labels that specify concepts and also to the semanti…
semantic networks, thought to be cognitive structures in our…
knowing how to combine words to create meaningful expressions…
phonological knowledge
knowledge about sound-symbol relations in a language ex. the…
semantic knowledge
the word labels that specify concepts and also to the semanti…
Syntax - Carnie - Chapter 1
syntax
Language
language
generative grammar
the level of linguistic organization that mediates between so…
the psychological ability of humans to produce and understand…
a language like English or French; these are the particular i…
a theory of linguistics in which grammar is viewed as a cogni…
syntax
the level of linguistic organization that mediates between so…
Language
the psychological ability of humans to produce and understand…
22 terms
Language Chapter 1
key elements in any communication system
pragmatics
lexicon
mental grammar
information source... transmitter... signal ... receiver... destination
your ability to use context in order to interpret an utteranc…
the collection of all the words that you know: ... what function…
rules you know about your language
key elements in any communication system
information source... transmitter... signal ... receiver... destination
pragmatics
your ability to use context in order to interpret an utteranc…
26 terms
Chapter 3 - Language Development in Early Childhood Education - EDEE 325 - Development of Language & Literacy
Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
Sociolinguistics
Ethnography
Socialization Mismatch Hypothesis
The way we think and view the world is determined by our lang…
the study of the relationship between linguistic behavior and…
Uses participant observation in real-life settings and focuse…
Hypothesis on why children from diverse linguistic background…
Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
The way we think and view the world is determined by our lang…
Sociolinguistics
the study of the relationship between linguistic behavior and…
Parts of a Sentence
Subject
Predicate
Direct Object
Prepositional Phrase
Who or What the sentence is about (noun or pronoun)
Action or state of being of the sentences subject
a noun, pronoun or phrase that receives the action of a verb
Shows a relationship between words in a sentence... preposition…
Subject
Who or What the sentence is about (noun or pronoun)
Predicate
Action or state of being of the sentences subject
35 terms
Language Files Vocabulary chapter 1
linguistic performance
linguistic competence
Speech communication chain
Noise
the way one produces and understands language
the hidden knowledge one has about language
Information source, transmitter, signal, receiver, and destin…
Interference in the chain
linguistic performance
the way one produces and understands language
linguistic competence
the hidden knowledge one has about language
47 terms
LANGUAGE ACQUISITION - linda 2015
Natural Approach
Suggestopedia
Digital resident (digital native)
Digital visitor (digital immigrant)
- a method of 2nd language learning developed by STEPHEN KRAS…
-an approach to 2nd language teaching developed by Bulgarian…
- a person who has been BROUGHT UP USING TECHNOLOGY ... -can usu…
Digital visitors are believed to be LESS QUICK TO PICK UP AND…
Natural Approach
- a method of 2nd language learning developed by STEPHEN KRAS…
Suggestopedia
-an approach to 2nd language teaching developed by Bulgarian…
Language Files Chapter one vocab
linguistic competence
linguistics performance
performance errors
communication chain
hidden knowledge of an individual when it comes to knowing th…
the way individuals preform and comprehend a language
mispronouncing something etc.
think > pick words to express >chain words together >figure h…
linguistic competence
hidden knowledge of an individual when it comes to knowing th…
linguistics performance
the way individuals preform and comprehend a language
37 terms
The Language of Composition Chapter 3
Ad Hominem
Appeal to False Authority
Argument
Backing
Latin for "against the man," this fallacy refers to the speci…
This fallacy occurs when someone who has no expertise to spea…
A process of reasoned inquiry; a persuasive discourse resulti…
In the Toulmin model, this consists of further assurances or…
Ad Hominem
Latin for "against the man," this fallacy refers to the speci…
Appeal to False Authority
This fallacy occurs when someone who has no expertise to spea…
23 terms
Language
phonology
categorical perception
morphology
semantics
actual sound of language
occurs when items that range along a continuum are perceived…
refers to structure of words
association meaning with a word
phonology
actual sound of language
categorical perception
occurs when items that range along a continuum are perceived…
Psych Lang Test #1
The primary form of verbal communicati…
set of rules and examples dealing with…
What two things allows humans to have…
4 elements of language
Natural Language
Prescriptive Grammar
culture and biology
phonology. morphology. syntax. semantics.
The primary form of verbal communicati…
Natural Language
set of rules and examples dealing with…
Prescriptive Grammar
20 terms
Chapter 1: What is Language?
Grammar
Phonology
Morphology
Lexicon
a finite set of rules to produce and understand an infinite s…
the sound system of a language
the structure of words
properties of words
Grammar
a finite set of rules to produce and understand an infinite s…
Phonology
the sound system of a language
22 terms
Chapter 1: What is Language?
form
meaning
arbitrary relation of form and meaning
sound symbolism
sound of a word
concept of a word
The words of a language you do not know are incomprehensible…
when a word's pronunciation suggests its meaning... e.g. buzz, q…
form
sound of a word
meaning
concept of a word
11 terms
A Level Language Grammar MODERATE
Abstract Noun
Active Sentence
Clause
Common Noun
Ideas or feelings. In English they are often used without a d…
Where the subject performs the action expressed in the verb;…
A complete grammatical unit, which makes sense, made up of wo…
Ordinary nouns that do not have a capital letter
Abstract Noun
Ideas or feelings. In English they are often used without a d…
Active Sentence
Where the subject performs the action expressed in the verb;…
33 terms
LANGUAGE
advanced
answer
argue
ask
at a higher, more difficult level
to speak or write back to someone who has asked you a questio…
to speak angrily to someone, telling them that you disagree w…
to say something to someone as a question
advanced
at a higher, more difficult level
answer
to speak or write back to someone who has asked you a questio…
26 terms
Language as a Natural Ability
language
UGH
Arguments for the UGH
Universality
mental state of a language speaker (human capacity for langua…
Chomsky's hypothesis stating that languages share universal p…
universality, species-specificity, productivity, complexity,…
no cultures, societies, or people are known that do not speak…
language
mental state of a language speaker (human capacity for langua…
UGH
Chomsky's hypothesis stating that languages share universal p…
24 terms
Chapter 1 - What is Language?
Grammar
Phonology
Morphology
Lexicon
The mental representation of a speaker's linguistic competenc…
The sound system of a language; the component of a grammar th…
The study of the structure of words; the component of the gra…
The component of the grammar containing speakers' knowledge a…
Grammar
The mental representation of a speaker's linguistic competenc…
Phonology
The sound system of a language; the component of a grammar th…
72 terms
Language Development Key Terms (Otto, Ch. 1-3)
receptive language
expressive language
phonological knowledge
phoneme
a child's comprehension of words (oral or written): when a sp…
a child's production of language to communicate (oral or writ…
knowledge about sound-symbol relations in a language. ... Think…
smallest linguistic unit of sound, which is combined with oth…
receptive language
a child's comprehension of words (oral or written): when a sp…
expressive language
a child's production of language to communicate (oral or writ…
Language Development-Chapter 1 Key Terms
receptive language
expressive language
phonological knowledge
phoneme
refers to a child's comprehension of of words (oral or written)
refers to a child's production of language to communicate
refers to knowledge about sound-symbol relations in language
smallest linguistic unit of sound, which is combined with oth…
receptive language
refers to a child's comprehension of of words (oral or written)
expressive language
refers to a child's production of language to communicate
101 terms
Foundation of Language
procedural knowledge
declarative knowledge
descriptive grammar
prescriptive grammar
know how to do something but not necessarily how to state it
knowledge you can state or declare
unconscious linguistic knowledge or capacity of its speakers
attempts to legislate what your grammar should be
procedural knowledge
know how to do something but not necessarily how to state it
declarative knowledge
knowledge you can state or declare
Cognition Unit - Test 10 - Language Acquisition Stages
Language
Phonemes
Morphemes
Grammar
a communication system based on words and grammar that is spo…
the smallest units of sound in the spoken language that have…
the smallest unit of language that has meaningh
the rules that enable communication and understanding
Language
a communication system based on words and grammar that is spo…
Phonemes
the smallest units of sound in the spoken language that have…
Language Development
What is language
What language competencies are needed…
Receptive Language
Expressive Language
The foundation for our perceptions, communications and daily…
Receptive language,... Expressive language.
The comprehension of language through listening or reading.
The language a person is able to produce, as in speaking or w…
What is language
The foundation for our perceptions, communications and daily…
What language competencies are needed…
Receptive language,... Expressive language.
34 terms
language disorders 1
language delay
language disorder
language difference
linguistic competence
the acquisition of normal language competencies at a slower r…
a disruption in the learning of skills and behaviors. It typi…
language behaviors and skills that are not in concert with th…
the language user's underlying knowledge about the system of…
language delay
the acquisition of normal language competencies at a slower r…
language disorder
a disruption in the learning of skills and behaviors. It typi…
Chapter 1 Fill in the Blank
linguistic knowledge
metalinguistic knowledge
verbalization of metalinguistic knowle…
phonics
knowledge of how to use language to communicate; evident in t…
conscious awareness of specific features of language; evident…
can verbally respond to questions about specific language fea…
knowledge that alphabetic symbols are used to represent speci…
linguistic knowledge
knowledge of how to use language to communicate; evident in t…
metalinguistic knowledge
conscious awareness of specific features of language; evident…
34 terms
SLA theory and vocabulary
Chomsky
Competence (according to Chomsky)
Performance (according to Chomsky)
Celce-Murica on communicative competence
believed SLA is a innate process - programmed in us
the intuitive knowledge of rules of grammar and syntax and of…
the individuals ability to produce language (for the creative…
students need more that grammatical/linguistic knowledge to f…
Chomsky
believed SLA is a innate process - programmed in us
Competence (according to Chomsky)
the intuitive knowledge of rules of grammar and syntax and of…
19 terms
ling 1.2
linguistic competence
linguistic performance
performance errors
communication chain
what we know when we know a language; the unconscious knowled…
the observable use of language. The actualization of one's li…
errors in language production or comprehension, including hes…
the process through which information is communicated, consis…
linguistic competence
what we know when we know a language; the unconscious knowled…
linguistic performance
the observable use of language. The actualization of one's li…
29 terms
ESOL Praxis Prep-Language Learning Portion
Graphophonic
Syntactic
Semantic
Pragmatic
The sound relationships between orthography (symbols) and pho…
Sentence structure
The study of meaning
The study of ways that context contributes to meaning
Graphophonic
The sound relationships between orthography (symbols) and pho…
Syntactic
Sentence structure
31 terms
THINKING & LANGUAGE
cognition
Concept
Prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a standard or typical example... (Is that a computer screen that…
a precise rule (or set of rules) specifying how to solve some…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
14 terms
Figurative Language
figurative language
irony
mood
hyperbole
A form of language use in which writers and speakers convey s…
Words are used in such a way that their meaning is different…
The mood of a story is the feeling readers get from reading t…
an exaggerated statement not meant to be taken literally (exp…
figurative language
A form of language use in which writers and speakers convey s…
irony
Words are used in such a way that their meaning is different…
100 terms
Intro to the Study of Language (Fromkin) Exam 1
arbitrariness
Conventionality
Displacement
Recursion
no natural or intrinsic relationship between the way a word i…
The agreed on, although generally arbitrary, relationship bet…
Talking about things
Phrase structure rule that replaces its own category on its r…
arbitrariness
no natural or intrinsic relationship between the way a word i…
Conventionality
The agreed on, although generally arbitrary, relationship bet…
37 terms
Linguistics Chapter One
Language Acquisition
Language Learning
Design Features of Language
Grammar
Natural, unconscious process of language development in human…
Process of gaining conscious knowledge of language through in…
Proposed by Hockett, the features that distinguish human lang…
Linguistic rule system that we use to produce and understand…
Language Acquisition
Natural, unconscious process of language development in human…
Language Learning
Process of gaining conscious knowledge of language through in…
31 terms
AP Psychology - Language and Cognition
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
a mental image or best example of a category.
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
37 terms
Language Chapter 1
Communication
Code
Language
Utterance
Behavior that affects the behavior of others by the transmiss…
A complex pattern of associations of the units of a communica…
a uniquely human cognitive system used to produce and underst…
A stretch of speech between two periods of silence or a poten…
Communication
Behavior that affects the behavior of others by the transmiss…
Code
A complex pattern of associations of the units of a communica…
CTEL Module 1-Language Structure
phonology
intonation patterns
stress
pitch
the study of sound in language
is the change of pitch used in the sound system of language,…
is the relative emphasis that may be given to certain syllabl…
a variation in pitch to give prominence to a syllable within…
phonology
the study of sound in language
intonation patterns
is the change of pitch used in the sound system of language,…
11 terms
knt_0323
terrifying
scary
frightening
by accident
extremely frightening
makes you feel scarred
makes you feel afraid
by chance
terrifying
extremely frightening
scary
makes you feel scarred
When you order a book online and it still isn't here...............................
language delay
language disorder
language difference
linguistic competence
the acquisition of normal language competencies at a slower r…
a disruption in the learning of language skills and behaviors…
language behaviors and skills that are not in concert with th…
the language user's underlying knowledge about the system of…
language delay
the acquisition of normal language competencies at a slower r…
language disorder
a disruption in the learning of language skills and behaviors…
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