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Study sets matching "term:heritability = a measure of the degree to which a characteristic is related to genetic, inherited factors"

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Study sets matching "term:heritability = a measure of the degree to which a characteristic is related to genetic, inherited factors"

33 terms
2306 Moehnke Chapter 24
qualitative genetics
discontinuous characteristic
continuous characteristic
why are some characteristics continuous?
study of inheritance of continuous characteristics
(qualitative) ... exhibit only a few, easily distinguished pheno…
(quantitative) ... exhibits a continuous wide range of phenotype…
-encoded by genes at many loci (polygenic)... -environmental inf…
qualitative genetics
study of inheritance of continuous characteristics
discontinuous characteristic
(qualitative) ... exhibit only a few, easily distinguished pheno…
27 terms
Genetics Chpt. 24 Danley
Continuous characteristics
Discontinuous (qualitative) characteri…
needs to be fixed
Displays a large number of possible phenotypes that are not e…
posses only a few distinct phenotypes, can be measured in an…
Encoded by genes at many loci (polygenic) ... ... Environmental in…
Continuous characteristics
Displays a large number of possible phenotypes that are not e…
Discontinuous (qualitative) characteri…
posses only a few distinct phenotypes, can be measured in an…
21 terms
genetics 17
quantitative genetics focuses on
for many quantitative characteristics,…
the individual genes that influence a…
because many genes participate
the inheritance of complex characteristics, whose phenotypes…
is complex because many genes and environmental factors influ…
follow the same Mendelian principle that govern discontinuati…
the expected ratios of phenotypes are obscured
quantitative genetics focuses on
the inheritance of complex characteristics, whose phenotypes…
for many quantitative characteristics,…
is complex because many genes and environmental factors influ…
72 terms
Genetics Ch 24 Quantitative Genetics
what does quantitative genetics focus on
for many quantitative characteristics…
the individual genes that influence a…
a population is the group of interest…
the inheritance of complex characteristics whose phenotypes v…
complex because many genes and environmental factors influenc…
mendelian principles that govern discontinuous characteristic…
subset of the population used to describe it
what does quantitative genetics focus on
the inheritance of complex characteristics whose phenotypes v…
for many quantitative characteristics…
complex because many genes and environmental factors influenc…
15 terms
Unit II: Neuroscience
Neurons
Neurotransmitters
Neuroplasticity
Central Nervous System
Cells of the nervous system that communicate information thro…
Chemicals released by neurons that travel across the synaptic…
Brain's ability to reorganize and change its structure and fu…
Brain and spinal cord; responsible for processing and organiz…
Neurons
Cells of the nervous system that communicate information thro…
Neurotransmitters
Chemicals released by neurons that travel across the synaptic…
15 terms
Genetics Chapter 24
Quantitative Genetics
Qualitative (Discontinuous)
Quantative (continious)
Meristic Charateristics
Genetic analysis of complex charatreristics
only a few distigisable characteristics
exhibits a continious range of phenotypes
Type of Quantative, Can only measure in whole #
Quantitative Genetics
Genetic analysis of complex charatreristics
Qualitative (Discontinuous)
only a few distigisable characteristics
40 terms
Genetics Chapter 24: Quantitative Genetics
Continuous Characteristic
Discontinuous Characteristics
Qualitative Characteristic
Quantitative Characteristic
-Phylogenetic and influenced by the environment ... -Multifactor…
-Allows predictions about genotypes and genetic cross outcome…
Organisim has one characteristic or another, i.e. an organisi…
Continuous characteristic that displays a large number of pos…
Continuous Characteristic
-Phylogenetic and influenced by the environment ... -Multifactor…
Discontinuous Characteristics
-Allows predictions about genotypes and genetic cross outcome…
21 terms
Genetics of Complex Diseases, Cancer Genetics, and Genetic Screening
Features of Complex Diseases
Heritability
Definition of Heritability
Mathematical Definition of Heritability
Do not show simple genetic pattern of inheritance... Tend to clu…
Most diseases influenced by both genes and envt. to some degr…
Measure of the extent to which a trait is determined by genet…
Proportion of total variance in trait expression caused by ge…
Features of Complex Diseases
Do not show simple genetic pattern of inheritance... Tend to clu…
Heritability
Most diseases influenced by both genes and envt. to some degr…
27 terms
Section 3A: Genetics of Complex Diseases
Complex Diseases
Heritability
Mathematical Definition of Heritability
Investigation of Heritability
Do not show a simple genetic pattern of inheritance... Tend to c…
Measure of the extent to which a trait is determined by genet…
Proportion of the total variance in expression that is caused…
Family studies... Adoption studies... Twin studies... HELP SEPARATE TH…
Complex Diseases
Do not show a simple genetic pattern of inheritance... Tend to c…
Heritability
Measure of the extent to which a trait is determined by genet…
19 terms
Chapter 24: Quantitative Genetics
Quantitative characteristics
Meristic Characteristic
Threshold Characteristic
Polygenic inheritance
Quantity of measurement: height,weight, blood pressure... -polyg…
Characteristics not continuous but determined by multiple gen…
simply present or absent. Only exhibit two phenotypes , deter…
Polygenic inheritance occurs when one characteristic is contr…
Quantitative characteristics
Quantity of measurement: height,weight, blood pressure... -polyg…
Meristic Characteristic
Characteristics not continuous but determined by multiple gen…
9 terms
Genetics Ch. 19
Meristic Characteristic
Threshold Characteristics
Heritability
Phenotypic variance
Determined by multiple genetic and environmental factors, but…
Continuous variation exists in the organism, but it can only…
The proportion of the total phenotypic variation that is due…
Vp=Vg+Ve+Vge
Meristic Characteristic
Determined by multiple genetic and environmental factors, but…
Threshold Characteristics
Continuous variation exists in the organism, but it can only…
65 terms
Biological Bases of Behavior: Genetics
Heritability
Heritability
Heritability
Heritability
The variation in a phenotypic trait in a population is due to…
Increases when genetics are contributing more variation or be…
The extent to which differences in the appearance of a trait…
Not a fixed number; varies with genetic contribution relative…
Heritability
The variation in a phenotypic trait in a population is due to…
Heritability
Increases when genetics are contributing more variation or be…
26 terms
Genetics Ch. 24
Quantitative Genetics
discontinuous characteristic
continuous characteristic
- encoded by genes at many loci (polyg…
study of inheritance of CONTINUOUS characteristics
exhibits only a few, easily distinguished phenotypes ... - i.e.…
exhibits a continuous range of phenotypes ... - the plants exhib…
Why are some characteristics continuous?
Quantitative Genetics
study of inheritance of CONTINUOUS characteristics
discontinuous characteristic
exhibits only a few, easily distinguished phenotypes ... - i.e.…
23 terms
Genetics Ch. 24- Quantitative Genetics
Which of the following is NOT an examp…
Quantitative Genetics
Discontinuous
Continuous
???
study of inheritance of continuous characteristics
Characteristics exhibits only a few, easily distinguished phe…
characteristic exhibits a continuous range of phenotypes
Which of the following is NOT an examp…
???
Quantitative Genetics
study of inheritance of continuous characteristics
37 terms
Quantitative Genetics
complex traits
quantitative traits
quantitative genetics
continuous traits
Characteristics that are determined by several genes and are…
Traits that can be described numerically.
The field of genetics that studies the mode of inheritance of…
Traits that do not fall into discrete categories.
complex traits
Characteristics that are determined by several genes and are…
quantitative traits
Traits that can be described numerically.
40 terms
Genetics module 3 chapter 24
discontinous character
continous character
qualitatve character
quantitative character
same as qualitative characteristics
vary continously along a scale of measurement with overlappin…
characteristics possesing only a dew distinct phenotypes
same as continous characteristics
discontinous character
same as qualitative characteristics
continous character
vary continously along a scale of measurement with overlappin…
24 terms
BZ 350 Quantitative Genetics 3
Polygenetic Inheritance
Quantitative genetics
Phenotypic variance
Sources of phenotypic variation
-Multiple genes can act in additive manner to determine pheno…
-continuous distribution can arise
-2 key traits : AVERAGE & VARIATION... -Variance from the mean
-Total variances in a combination of genetics and environment…
Polygenetic Inheritance
-Multiple genes can act in additive manner to determine pheno…
Quantitative genetics
-continuous distribution can arise
7 terms
Psychology - Chapter 13 - Section 2
Intelligence
Two-factor Theory
Triarchic Theory
Emotional Intelligence
The ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior, learn from…
Charles Spearman's theory of intelligence that proposes that…
Robert Sternberg's theory of intelligence that proposes that…
The ability to perceive, imagine, and understand emotions and…
Intelligence
The ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior, learn from…
Two-factor Theory
Charles Spearman's theory of intelligence that proposes that…
11 terms
Genetics 2306- Ch 24
quantitative genetics
discontinuous characteristic
continuous characteristics
why are some characteristics continuous
study of continuous characteristics
exhibits only a few, easily distinguished phenotypes
exhibits sa continuous range of phenotypes
-encoded by genes at many loci (polygenic)... -environmental inf…
quantitative genetics
study of continuous characteristics
discontinuous characteristic
exhibits only a few, easily distinguished phenotypes
89 terms
Biol 233 ~ Quantitative Genetics
quantitative traits
continuous
meristic
discontinuous characteristic
genetics based on this
no breaks in scale
scale is based on count
exhibits only a few, distinguished phenotypes (plants either…
quantitative traits
genetics based on this
continuous
no breaks in scale
98 terms
genetics t4
qualitative characteristics
quantitative charateristics
multifactoral quan characteristics
meristic characteristics
discontinuous, only a few distinct phenotypes
polygenic, environmental factos, continuous
polygenic AND influenced by env
determined by multiple genetic factors; measured in whole num…
qualitative characteristics
discontinuous, only a few distinct phenotypes
quantitative charateristics
polygenic, environmental factos, continuous
Quantitative Genetics Chapter 24
Quantative genetics
Discontinuous characteristics
Continuous characteristics
Why are some characteristics continuous?
Study of inheritance of continuous characteristics
-Few distinct phenotypes... -Relationship between genotype and p…
-Many phenotypes... -Need to measure with quantitative analysis…
1. encoded by genes at many loci (polygenic)... -many genotypes…
Quantative genetics
Study of inheritance of continuous characteristics
Discontinuous characteristics
-Few distinct phenotypes... -Relationship between genotype and p…
48 terms
Chapter 24
What is quantitative genetics?
discontinuous characteristic
continuos characteristic
Why are some characteristics continuous?
the study of inheritance of continuous characterics
qualitative. exhibits only a few, easily distinguished phenot…
exhibits a continuous range of phenotypes. ... It is impossible…
1. polygenic... 2. environmental influence... 3. multifactorial tra…
What is quantitative genetics?
the study of inheritance of continuous characterics
discontinuous characteristic
qualitative. exhibits only a few, easily distinguished phenot…
11 terms
AP PSYCHOLOGY CH.13 FRQ
APTITUDE TEST
ACHIEVEMENT TEST
INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT (IQ)
HERITABILITY
ESTIMATES THE PROBABILITY THAT A PERSON WILL BE SUCCESSFUL IN…
MEASURES HOW MUCH A PERSON HAS LEARNED IN A GIVEN SUBJECT OR…
STANDARDIZED MEASURE OF INTELLIGENCE BASED ON A SCALE IN WHIC…
DEGREE TO WHICH A CHARACTERISTIC IS RELATED TO INHERITED GENE…
APTITUDE TEST
ESTIMATES THE PROBABILITY THAT A PERSON WILL BE SUCCESSFUL IN…
ACHIEVEMENT TEST
MEASURES HOW MUCH A PERSON HAS LEARNED IN A GIVEN SUBJECT OR…
25 terms
heritability
phenotype
quantitative traits
pleiotropy
krabbe disease
influenced by genes and environment--most traits are quantita…
height, skin color, body size, learning ability, IQ, blood pr…
one gene has variety of affects
galactosylceramidase deficiency; progressive loss of myelin;…
phenotype
influenced by genes and environment--most traits are quantita…
quantitative traits
height, skin color, body size, learning ability, IQ, blood pr…
26 terms
Chapter 24: Quantitative Genetics
quantitative characteristics
Discontinuous characteristic
Give three reasons that some character…
Truly continuous characteristics
characteristics for which phenotypes vary continuously. Some…
qualitative characteristic. Exhibits only a few easily distin…
polygenic (encoded by genes at many loci), environmental (eac…
has an infinite number of phenotypes
quantitative characteristics
characteristics for which phenotypes vary continuously. Some…
Discontinuous characteristic
qualitative characteristic. Exhibits only a few easily distin…
110 terms
Genetics Exam 2
quantitative genetics
discontinuous
continuous
truly continuous
study of inheritance of continuous characteristics
characteristics which exhibit only a few, easily distinguishe…
characteristics which are:... Encoded by genes at many loci (pol…
characteristic which has an infinite number of phenotypes... ex:…
quantitative genetics
study of inheritance of continuous characteristics
discontinuous
characteristics which exhibit only a few, easily distinguishe…
35 terms
Chapter 13
Reliability
Validity
Percentile system
Norms
The a ability of a test to give the same results under simila…
The ability of a test to measure what it is intended yo measure
Ranking of test scores that indicates the ratio of scores low…
Standard of comparison for test results developed by giving t…
Reliability
The a ability of a test to give the same results under simila…
Validity
The ability of a test to measure what it is intended yo measure
35 terms
chapter 24 genetics
quantitative genetics
discontinuous characteristic (qualitat…
continuous (quantitative) characteristic
-encoded by genes at many loci (polyge…
study of inheritance of continuous characteristics
exhibits only a few, easily distinguished phenotypes
exhibits a continuous range of phenotypes
Why are some characteristics continuous?
quantitative genetics
study of inheritance of continuous characteristics
discontinuous characteristic (qualitat…
exhibits only a few, easily distinguished phenotypes
Heritability
Heritability
Broad-sense heritability
Narrow-sense heritability
Calculating heritability:
the proportion of the total phenotypic variation that is due…
H^2= Genetic variance/Phenotypic variance
h^2=Additive variance/Phenotypic variance
Most methods compare the degree of resemblance between relate…
Heritability
the proportion of the total phenotypic variation that is due…
Broad-sense heritability
H^2= Genetic variance/Phenotypic variance
11 terms
Genetics Vocabulary Cards
Genetics
Allele
Dominant
Recessive
heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics
one of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise b m…
most important, powerful, or influential
relating to or denoting heritable characteristics controlled…
Genetics
heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics
Allele
one of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise b m…
25 terms
Genetics Chapter 27
complex traits
quantitative traits
quantitative genetics
Anatomical traits
characteristics that are determined by several genes and are…
traits that can be described numerically; oftentimes are comp…
the area of genetics concerned with traits that can be descri…
Examples include height, weight, number of bristles in Drosop…
complex traits
characteristics that are determined by several genes and are…
quantitative traits
traits that can be described numerically; oftentimes are comp…
39 terms
Genetic Selection: Lecture 19
genotypic value
breeding value
Additive genetic value
Estimated Breed Value (EBV)
value of an individual's genes on their own performance... Vg=Va…
the sum (additive effect) of the average effect of the indivi…
independent and transmittable... parents can only pass on indivi…
prediction of the breeding value using performance and/or gen…
genotypic value
value of an individual's genes on their own performance... Vg=Va…
breeding value
the sum (additive effect) of the average effect of the indivi…
32 terms
Quantitative Genetics
quantitative genetics
quantitative trait loci (QTLs)
meristic characteristics
threshold characteristic
the genetic analysis of complex characteristics using statist…
chromosomal regions containing genes that influence a quantit…
quantitative characteristics that can be measured in whole nu…
characteristic that is either present or absent but is still…
quantitative genetics
the genetic analysis of complex characteristics using statist…
quantitative trait loci (QTLs)
chromosomal regions containing genes that influence a quantit…
Ch. 9 - Intelligence & Psychological Testing
intelligence tests
aptitude tests
achievement tests
personality tests
measure general mental ability; intellectual potential
assess specific types of abilities
measure mastery and knowledge of various subjects
measure aspects of personality, including motives, interests,…
intelligence tests
measure general mental ability; intellectual potential
aptitude tests
assess specific types of abilities
14 terms
Genetics Vocabulary-Bailey
Genetics
Heredity
alleles
Genes
The scientific study of heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
The different forms of a gene
DNA segments that serve as the key functional units in heredi…
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
16 terms
psycho chapter 13
reliability
validity
norms
intelligence
the ability of a test to give the same results under similar…
the ability of a test to measure what it is intended to measure
standard of comparison for test results developed by giving t…
the ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior and to adap…
reliability
the ability of a test to give the same results under similar…
validity
the ability of a test to measure what it is intended to measure
9 terms
The Work Of Gregor Mendel
Dominant
Genetics
Genotype
Heterozygous
relating to or denoting heritable characteristics that are co…
the study of genes, heredity, and genetic variation in living…
is that part (DNA sequence) of the genetic makeup of a cell,…
at a gene locus when its cells contain two different alleles…
Dominant
relating to or denoting heritable characteristics that are co…
Genetics
the study of genes, heredity, and genetic variation in living…
17 terms
understanding psychology chapter 13
reliability
validity
percentile system
norms
the ability of a test to give the same result under similar c…
the ability of a test to measure what it is intended to measure
ranking of test scores that indicates the ratio of scores low…
standard of comparison for test results developed by giving t…
reliability
the ability of a test to give the same result under similar c…
validity
the ability of a test to measure what it is intended to measure
50 terms
Defining a Mental Disorder
DSM-5 Mental Disorder Criteria
cultural generalizability of mental di…
Criticisms of DSM
Defining Mental Disorder
clinically sig difficulties in thinking feeling, or behaving…
uniquely human, such as schizophrenia (based on language and…
issue of cultural relevance... it's categorical, not dimensiona…
1) Personal Distress... 2) Disability... 3) Violation of social nor…
DSM-5 Mental Disorder Criteria
clinically sig difficulties in thinking feeling, or behaving…
cultural generalizability of mental di…
uniquely human, such as schizophrenia (based on language and…
13 terms
13
Reliability
Validity
Percentile system
Norms
The ability of a test to give the same results under similar…
Ability of a test to measure what it is intended to measure
Ranking of test scores that indicates the ratio of scores low…
standards of comparison for test results developed by giving…
Reliability
The ability of a test to give the same results under similar…
Validity
Ability of a test to measure what it is intended to measure
19 terms
Genetics Vocabulary Review 5/9-13/16
genes
genetics
recessive genes
inherited traits
a unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offsp…
the study of heredity and the variation of inherited characte…
denoting heritable characteristics controlled by genes that a…
controlled by genes and the complete set of genes within an o…
genes
a unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offsp…
genetics
the study of heredity and the variation of inherited characte…
11 terms
Genetics Ch.24
Discontinuous (qualitative) characteri…
Continuous (quantitative) characterist…
Polygenic:
Multifactorial:
possess only a few easily distinguished phenotypes... • Examples…
vary along a scale of measurement with many... overlapping pheno…
caused by combined effects of multiple genes... • Each gene and…
affected by both genotype and environment... • Environment may h…
Discontinuous (qualitative) characteri…
possess only a few easily distinguished phenotypes... • Examples…
Continuous (quantitative) characterist…
vary along a scale of measurement with many... overlapping pheno…
90 terms
bio 214 exam 2
5 Major goals of quantitative genetics
Fields that require a quantitative gen…
Difference between Mendelian and Quant…
CONTINUOUS DISTRIBUTIONS RESULT FROM T…
-genetic vs. environmental... -resemblance between relatives.... -p…
Animal and Plant Science Evolutionary Biology Human Disease R…
-Quantitative traits are influenced by the environment, unlik…
1. Segregation of multiple genetic factors (ex: cross between…
5 Major goals of quantitative genetics
-genetic vs. environmental... -resemblance between relatives.... -p…
Fields that require a quantitative gen…
Animal and Plant Science Evolutionary Biology Human Disease R…
11 terms
13.1 & 13.2 vocab
reliability
validity
standardization
percentile system
the ability of a test to give the same results under similar…
the ability of a test to measure what it is intended to measure
the administering and scoring of tests in the same way everyt…
ranking of test scores that indicates the ratio of scores low…
reliability
the ability of a test to give the same results under similar…
validity
the ability of a test to measure what it is intended to measure
12 terms
Genetics Vocab
Trait
Alleles
Genotype
Phenotype
a distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one bel…
a variant form of a gene and; a single variation of a gene
an individual's collection of genes, the representation of th…
an individual's observable traits, such as height, eye color,…
Trait
a distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one bel…
Alleles
a variant form of a gene and; a single variation of a gene
32 terms
Quantitative genetics
Artificial selection
Biometric field
Broad-sense heritbility
Complex traits
a field of genetics that involves the statistical study of bi…
heritability that takes into account all genetic factors
characteristics that are determined by several genes and are…
Artificial selection
Biometric field
a field of genetics that involves the statistical study of bi…
26 terms
Chapter 12
Reliability
Validity
Percentile system
Norms
The ability of a test to give the same results under similar…
The ability of a test to measure what it is intended to measure
Ranking of test scores that indicates the ratio of scores low…
Standard of comparison for test results developed by giving t…
Reliability
The ability of a test to give the same results under similar…
Validity
The ability of a test to measure what it is intended to measure
11 terms
Ch 13 Vocab
Reliability
Validity
Percentile system
Norms
The ability of a test to give the same results under similar…
The ability of a test to measure what it is intended to measure
A system for ranking test scores that indicates the ratio of…
Standards of comparison for test results developed by giving…
Reliability
The ability of a test to give the same results under similar…
Validity
The ability of a test to measure what it is intended to measure
6 terms
science
Homozygous
Genotype
Dominant
Phenotype
Matching a pair of alleles which are the two genes that contr…
The genetic makeup of the organism
A trait that will appear in the offspring if one of the paren…
The trait those genes express
Homozygous
Matching a pair of alleles which are the two genes that contr…
Genotype
The genetic makeup of the organism
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