Study sets matching "term:heritability = a measure of the degree to which a characteristic is related to genetic, inherited factors"

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Study sets matching "term:heritability = a measure of the degree to which a characteristic is related to genetic, inherited factors"

6 terms
Our Genetic Inheritance
behavioral genetics
chromosomes
evolutionary psychology
genes
Study of the relative effects of heredity and environment on…
Threadlike molecule of DNA that carries genetic information
Branch of Psychology that studies how evolutionary processes,…
Segment of DNA that occupies a specific place on a particular…
behavioral genetics
Study of the relative effects of heredity and environment on…
chromosomes
Threadlike molecule of DNA that carries genetic information
6 terms
Our Genetic Inheritance
behavioral genetics
chromosomes
evolutionary psychology
genes
Study of the relative effects of heredity and environment on…
Threadlike molecule of DNA that carries genetic information
Branch of Psychology that studies how evolutionary processes,…
Segment of DNA that occupies a specific place on a particular…
behavioral genetics
Study of the relative effects of heredity and environment on…
chromosomes
Threadlike molecule of DNA that carries genetic information
10 terms
Unit II: Neuroscience
Endocrine System
Brain
Hindbrain
Midbrain
Collection of glands located throughout body that manufacture…
Split into three major sections: Hindbrain, Midbrain, Forebra…
Collection of brain including medulla, pons, cerebellum... Medul…
Collection of brain structures in the middle of the brain res…
Endocrine System
Collection of glands located throughout body that manufacture…
Brain
Split into three major sections: Hindbrain, Midbrain, Forebra…
Our Genetic Inheritance
behavioral genetics
chromosomes
evolutionary psychology
genes
Study of the relative effects of heredity and environment on…
Threadlike molecule of DNA that carries genetic information
Branch of Psychology that studies how evolutionary processes,…
Segment of DNA that occupies a specific place on a particular…
behavioral genetics
Study of the relative effects of heredity and environment on…
chromosomes
Threadlike molecule of DNA that carries genetic information
Unit 2: Neuroscience Full
Neurons
Neurotransmitters
Neuroplasticity
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Glial Cells- Cells that provide structure, nutritional, and o…
Acetylcholine-Muscle action, learning, memory, REM sleep, emo…
Brain's ability to reorganize and change it's structure and f…
Includes the spinal cord and brain... Reflexes- Innate, automati…
Neurons
Glial Cells- Cells that provide structure, nutritional, and o…
Neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine-Muscle action, learning, memory, REM sleep, emo…
IQ
Wechster test
Heritability
Aptitude
Standardized measure of intelligence based on a scale where 1…
More complicated
Degree to which a characteristic is related to inherited gene…
A persons talents and ability to learn new skills
IQ
Standardized measure of intelligence based on a scale where 1…
Wechster test
More complicated
Genetics CH 24
Quantitative genetics
Genes that influence a polygenic trait…
correlation coefficient
Regression
inheritance of complex characteristics whose phenotypes vary…
ratio of phenotypes
measures direction (+/-) and strength (magnitude) of associat…
used to predict value of one variable on the basis of the val…
Quantitative genetics
inheritance of complex characteristics whose phenotypes vary…
Genes that influence a polygenic trait…
ratio of phenotypes
2306 Moehnke Chapter 24
qualitative genetics
discontinuous characteristic
continuous characteristic
why are some characteristics continuous?
study of inheritance of continuous characteristics
(qualitative) ... exhibit only a few, easily distinguished pheno…
(quantitative) ... exhibits a continuous wide range of phenotype…
-encoded by genes at many loci (polygenic)... -environmental inf…
qualitative genetics
study of inheritance of continuous characteristics
discontinuous characteristic
(qualitative) ... exhibit only a few, easily distinguished pheno…
15 terms
Unit 2: Neuroscience Full
Neurons
Neurotransmitters
Neuroplasticity
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Glial Cells- Cells that provide structure, nutritional, and o…
Acetylcholine-Muscle action, learning, memory, REM sleep, emo…
Brain's ability to reorganize and change it's structure and f…
Includes the spinal cord and brain... Reflexes- Innate, automati…
Neurons
Glial Cells- Cells that provide structure, nutritional, and o…
Neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine-Muscle action, learning, memory, REM sleep, emo…
27 terms
Genetics Chpt. 24 Danley
Continuous characteristics
Discontinuous (qualitative) characteri…
needs to be fixed
Displays a large number of possible phenotypes that are not e…
posses only a few distinct phenotypes, can be measured in an…
Encoded by genes at many loci (polygenic) ... ... Environmental in…
Continuous characteristics
Displays a large number of possible phenotypes that are not e…
Discontinuous (qualitative) characteri…
posses only a few distinct phenotypes, can be measured in an…
25 terms
heritability
phenotype
quantitative traits
pleiotropy
krabbe disease
influenced by genes and environment--most traits are quantita…
height, skin color, body size, learning ability, IQ, blood pr…
one gene has variety of affects
galactosylceramidase deficiency; progressive loss of myelin;…
phenotype
influenced by genes and environment--most traits are quantita…
quantitative traits
height, skin color, body size, learning ability, IQ, blood pr…
72 terms
Genetics Ch 24 Quantitative Genetics
what does quantitative genetics focus on
for many quantitative characteristics…
the individual genes that influence a…
a population is the group of interest…
the inheritance of complex characteristics whose phenotypes v…
complex because many genes and environmental factors influenc…
mendelian principles that govern discontinuous characteristic…
subset of the population used to describe it
what does quantitative genetics focus on
the inheritance of complex characteristics whose phenotypes v…
for many quantitative characteristics…
complex because many genes and environmental factors influenc…
40 terms
Genetics Chapter 24: Quantitative Genetics
Continuous Characteristic
Discontinuous Characteristics
Qualitative Characteristic
Quantitative Characteristic
-Phylogenetic and influenced by the environment ... -Multifactor…
-Allows predictions about genotypes and genetic cross outcome…
Organisim has one characteristic or another, i.e. an organisi…
Continuous characteristic that displays a large number of pos…
Continuous Characteristic
-Phylogenetic and influenced by the environment ... -Multifactor…
Discontinuous Characteristics
-Allows predictions about genotypes and genetic cross outcome…
21 terms
Genetics of Complex Diseases, Cancer Genetics, and Genetic Screening
Features of Complex Diseases
Heritability
Definition of Heritability
Mathematical Definition of Heritability
Do not show simple genetic pattern of inheritance... Tend to clu…
Most diseases influenced by both genes and envt. to some degr…
Measure of the extent to which a trait is determined by genet…
Proportion of total variance in trait expression caused by ge…
Features of Complex Diseases
Do not show simple genetic pattern of inheritance... Tend to clu…
Heritability
Most diseases influenced by both genes and envt. to some degr…
15 terms
Unit II: Neuroscience
Neurons
Neurotransmitters
Neuroplasticity
Central Nervous System
Cells of the nervous system that communicate information thro…
Chemicals released by neurons that travel across the synaptic…
Brain's ability to reorganize and change its structure and fu…
Brain and spinal cord; responsible for processing and organiz…
Neurons
Cells of the nervous system that communicate information thro…
Neurotransmitters
Chemicals released by neurons that travel across the synaptic…
19 terms
Chapter 24: Quantitative Genetics
Quantitative characteristics
Meristic Characteristic
Threshold Characteristic
Polygenic inheritance
Quantity of measurement: height,weight, blood pressure... -polyg…
Characteristics not continuous but determined by multiple gen…
simply present or absent. Only exhibit two phenotypes , deter…
Polygenic inheritance occurs when one characteristic is contr…
Quantitative characteristics
Quantity of measurement: height,weight, blood pressure... -polyg…
Meristic Characteristic
Characteristics not continuous but determined by multiple gen…
65 terms
Biological Bases of Behavior: Genetics
Heritability
Heritability
Heritability
Heritability
The variation in a phenotypic trait in a population is due to…
Increases when genetics are contributing more variation or be…
The extent to which differences in the appearance of a trait…
Not a fixed number; varies with genetic contribution relative…
Heritability
The variation in a phenotypic trait in a population is due to…
Heritability
Increases when genetics are contributing more variation or be…
37 terms
Quantitative Genetics
complex traits
quantitative traits
quantitative genetics
continuous traits
Characteristics that are determined by several genes and are…
Traits that can be described numerically.
The field of genetics that studies the mode of inheritance of…
Traits that do not fall into discrete categories.
complex traits
Characteristics that are determined by several genes and are…
quantitative traits
Traits that can be described numerically.
24 terms
BZ 350 Quantitative Genetics 3
Polygenetic Inheritance
Quantitative genetics
Phenotypic variance
Sources of phenotypic variation
-Multiple genes can act in additive manner to determine pheno…
-continuous distribution can arise
-2 key traits : AVERAGE & VARIATION... -Variance from the mean
-Total variances in a combination of genetics and environment…
Polygenetic Inheritance
-Multiple genes can act in additive manner to determine pheno…
Quantitative genetics
-continuous distribution can arise
Genetics module 3 chapter 24
discontinous character
continous character
qualitatve character
quantitative character
same as qualitative characteristics
vary continously along a scale of measurement with overlappin…
characteristics possesing only a dew distinct phenotypes
same as continous characteristics
discontinous character
same as qualitative characteristics
continous character
vary continously along a scale of measurement with overlappin…
26 terms
Genetics Ch. 24
Quantitative Genetics
discontinuous characteristic
continuous characteristic
- encoded by genes at many loci (polyg…
study of inheritance of CONTINUOUS characteristics
exhibits only a few, easily distinguished phenotypes ... - i.e.…
exhibits a continuous range of phenotypes ... - the plants exhib…
Why are some characteristics continuous?
Quantitative Genetics
study of inheritance of CONTINUOUS characteristics
discontinuous characteristic
exhibits only a few, easily distinguished phenotypes ... - i.e.…
26 terms
Chapter 24: Quantitative Genetics
quantitative characteristics
Discontinuous characteristic
Give three reasons that some character…
Truly continuous characteristics
characteristics for which phenotypes vary continuously. Some…
qualitative characteristic. Exhibits only a few easily distin…
polygenic (encoded by genes at many loci), environmental (eac…
has an infinite number of phenotypes
quantitative characteristics
characteristics for which phenotypes vary continuously. Some…
Discontinuous characteristic
qualitative characteristic. Exhibits only a few easily distin…
Heritability
Heritability
Broad-sense heritability
Narrow-sense heritability
Calculating heritability:
the proportion of the total phenotypic variation that is due…
H^2= Genetic variance/Phenotypic variance
h^2=Additive variance/Phenotypic variance
Most methods compare the degree of resemblance between relate…
Heritability
the proportion of the total phenotypic variation that is due…
Broad-sense heritability
H^2= Genetic variance/Phenotypic variance
Quantitative Genetics Chapter 24
Quantative genetics
Discontinuous characteristics
Continuous characteristics
Why are some characteristics continuous?
Study of inheritance of continuous characteristics
-Few distinct phenotypes... -Relationship between genotype and p…
-Many phenotypes... -Need to measure with quantitative analysis…
1. encoded by genes at many loci (polygenic)... -many genotypes…
Quantative genetics
Study of inheritance of continuous characteristics
Discontinuous characteristics
-Few distinct phenotypes... -Relationship between genotype and p…
15 terms
Genetics Chapter 24
Quantitative Genetics
Qualitative (Discontinuous)
Quantative (continious)
Meristic Charateristics
Genetic analysis of complex charatreristics
only a few distigisable characteristics
exhibits a continious range of phenotypes
Type of Quantative, Can only measure in whole #
Quantitative Genetics
Genetic analysis of complex charatreristics
Qualitative (Discontinuous)
only a few distigisable characteristics
23 terms
Genetics Ch. 24- Quantitative Genetics
Which of the following is NOT an examp…
Quantitative Genetics
Discontinuous
Continuous
???
study of inheritance of continuous characteristics
Characteristics exhibits only a few, easily distinguished phe…
characteristic exhibits a continuous range of phenotypes
Which of the following is NOT an examp…
???
Quantitative Genetics
study of inheritance of continuous characteristics
27 terms
Section 3A: Genetics of Complex Diseases
Complex Diseases
Heritability
Mathematical Definition of Heritability
Investigation of Heritability
Do not show a simple genetic pattern of inheritance... Tend to c…
Measure of the extent to which a trait is determined by genet…
Proportion of the total variance in expression that is caused…
Family studies... Adoption studies... Twin studies... HELP SEPARATE TH…
Complex Diseases
Do not show a simple genetic pattern of inheritance... Tend to c…
Heritability
Measure of the extent to which a trait is determined by genet…
Psychology Chp.13 L.2 (Vocab)
Two-Factor Theory
Triarchic Theory
Emotional Intelligence
Intelligence Quotient (IQ)
Proposes that a person's intelligence is composed of a genera…
Proposes that a person's intelligence involves analytical, cr…
Interpersonal and intrapersonal abilities needed to understan…
Standardized measure of intelligence based on a scale in whic…
Two-Factor Theory
Proposes that a person's intelligence is composed of a genera…
Triarchic Theory
Proposes that a person's intelligence involves analytical, cr…
89 terms
Biol 233 ~ Quantitative Genetics
quantitative traits
continuous
meristic
discontinuous characteristic
genetics based on this
no breaks in scale
scale is based on count
exhibits only a few, distinguished phenotypes (plants either…
quantitative traits
genetics based on this
continuous
no breaks in scale
7 terms
Psychology - Chapter 13 - Section 2
Intelligence
Two-factor Theory
Triarchic Theory
Emotional Intelligence
The ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior, learn from…
Charles Spearman's theory of intelligence that proposes that…
Robert Sternberg's theory of intelligence that proposes that…
The ability to perceive, imagine, and understand emotions and…
Intelligence
The ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior, learn from…
Two-factor Theory
Charles Spearman's theory of intelligence that proposes that…
Intelligence
two-factor theory
triarchic theory
emotional intelligence
intelligence quotient
proposes that a person's intelligence is composed of a genera…
proposes that a person's intelligence involves analytical, cr…
interpersonal and intrapersonal abilities needed to understan…
standardized measure of intelligence based on a scale in whic…
two-factor theory
proposes that a person's intelligence is composed of a genera…
triarchic theory
proposes that a person's intelligence involves analytical, cr…
Psychology 2nd semester lesson 13.2
Two-factor theory
Triarchic theory
Emotional intelligence
Intelligence quotient (IQ)
Proposes that a person's intelligence is composed of a rental…
Proposes that a persons intelligence involves analytical, cre…
Interpersonal and interpersonal abilities needed to understan…
Standardized measure of intelligence based on a scale in whic…
Two-factor theory
Proposes that a person's intelligence is composed of a rental…
Triarchic theory
Proposes that a persons intelligence involves analytical, cre…
Chapter 13-Section 2
Two-Factor Theory
Triarchic Theory
Emotional Intelligence
Intelligence Quotient (IQ)
Proposes that a person's intelligence is composed of a genera…
Proposes that a person's intelligence involves analytical, cr…
Interperson and Intrapersonal abilities needed to understand…
Standardized measure of intelligence based on a scale in whic…
Two-Factor Theory
Proposes that a person's intelligence is composed of a genera…
Triarchic Theory
Proposes that a person's intelligence involves analytical, cr…
7 terms
13.2 pyshc
Intelligence
Two-factor theory
Triarchic theory
Emotional intelligence
The ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior, and to ada…
Proposes that a person's intelligence is composed of a genera…
Proposes that a person's intelligence involves analytical, cr…
Interpersonal and intrapersonal abilities needed to understan…
Intelligence
The ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior, and to ada…
Two-factor theory
Proposes that a person's intelligence is composed of a genera…
13.2
intelligence
two-factor theory
triarchic theory
emotional intelligence
the ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior, and to ada…
proposes that a person's intelligence is composed of a genera…
proposes that a person's intelligence involves analytical, cr…
interpersonal and intrapersonal abilities needed to understan…
intelligence
the ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior, and to ada…
two-factor theory
proposes that a person's intelligence is composed of a genera…
Chapter 13 Section 2
Two-Factor theory
Triarchic Theory
Emotional intelligence
Intelligence Quotient
Proposes that a person's intelligence is composed of a genera…
Proposes that a person's intelligence involves analytical, cr…
interpersonal and intrapersonal abilities needed to understan…
Standardized measure of intelligence based on a scale in whic…
Two-Factor theory
Proposes that a person's intelligence is composed of a genera…
Triarchic Theory
Proposes that a person's intelligence involves analytical, cr…
genetics t4
qualitative characteristics
quantitative charateristics
multifactoral quan characteristics
meristic characteristics
discontinuous, only a few distinct phenotypes
polygenic, environmental factos, continuous
polygenic AND influenced by env
determined by multiple genetic factors; measured in whole num…
qualitative characteristics
discontinuous, only a few distinct phenotypes
quantitative charateristics
polygenic, environmental factos, continuous
Chapter 13 Section 2
Two-Factor Theory
Triarchic Theory
Emotional Intelligence
Intelligent Quotient
Proposes that a person's intelligence is composed of a genera…
Proposes that a person's intelligence involves analytical, cr…
Interpersonal and Intrapersonal abilities needed to understan…
Standardized measure of intelligence based on a scale in whic…
Two-Factor Theory
Proposes that a person's intelligence is composed of a genera…
Triarchic Theory
Proposes that a person's intelligence involves analytical, cr…
13.2
intelligence
two-factor theory
triarchic theory
emotional intelligence
the ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior, and to ada…
proposes that a person's intelligence is composed of a genera…
proposes that a person's intelligence involves analytical, cr…
interpersonal and intrapersonal abilities needed to understan…
intelligence
the ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior, and to ada…
two-factor theory
proposes that a person's intelligence is composed of a genera…
23 terms
Pedigrees and Patterns of Inheritance
autosomal dominant
autosomal dominant
autosomal dominant
autosomal recessive
autosomal dominant
autosomal dominant
11 terms
AP PSYCHOLOGY CH.13 FRQ
APTITUDE TEST
ACHIEVEMENT TEST
INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT (IQ)
HERITABILITY
ESTIMATES THE PROBABILITY THAT A PERSON WILL BE SUCCESSFUL IN…
MEASURES HOW MUCH A PERSON HAS LEARNED IN A GIVEN SUBJECT OR…
STANDARDIZED MEASURE OF INTELLIGENCE BASED ON A SCALE IN WHIC…
DEGREE TO WHICH A CHARACTERISTIC IS RELATED TO INHERITED GENE…
APTITUDE TEST
ESTIMATES THE PROBABILITY THAT A PERSON WILL BE SUCCESSFUL IN…
ACHIEVEMENT TEST
MEASURES HOW MUCH A PERSON HAS LEARNED IN A GIVEN SUBJECT OR…
110 terms
Genetics Exam 2
quantitative genetics
discontinuous
continuous
truly continuous
study of inheritance of continuous characteristics
characteristics which exhibit only a few, easily distinguishe…
characteristics which are:... Encoded by genes at many loci (pol…
characteristic which has an infinite number of phenotypes... ex:…
quantitative genetics
study of inheritance of continuous characteristics
discontinuous
characteristics which exhibit only a few, easily distinguishe…
Genetics Ch. 19
Meristic Characteristic
Threshold Characteristics
Heritability
Phenotypic variance
Determined by multiple genetic and environmental factors, but…
Continuous variation exists in the organism, but it can only…
The proportion of the total phenotypic variation that is due…
Vp=Vg+Ve+Vge
Meristic Characteristic
Determined by multiple genetic and environmental factors, but…
Threshold Characteristics
Continuous variation exists in the organism, but it can only…
7 terms
15/2
intelligence
two-factor theory
triarchic theory
emotional intelligence
the ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior, and to ada…
proposes that two factors contribute to an indiviual´s intell…
proposes that intelligence can be divided into three ways of…
includes four major aspects of interpersonal and intrapersona…
intelligence
the ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior, and to ada…
two-factor theory
proposes that two factors contribute to an indiviual´s intell…
7 terms
Chapter 13 Sec 2 Vocab
Intelligence
two-factor theory
triarchic theory
emotional intelligence
the ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior and to adap…
Proposes that two factors contribute to a person's intelligence
proposes that intelligence can be divided into three ways of…
includes four major aspects of interpersonal and intrapersona…
Intelligence
the ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior and to adap…
two-factor theory
Proposes that two factors contribute to a person's intelligence
chapter 13 section 2
intelligence
two factor theory
triarchic theory
emotional intelligence
the ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior and to adap…
proposes that two factors contribute to an individual's intel…
proposes that intelligence can be divided into 3 ways of proc…
includes four major aspects of interpersonal and intrapersona…
intelligence
the ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior and to adap…
two factor theory
proposes that two factors contribute to an individual's intel…
11 terms
Genetics Vocabulary Cards
Genetics
Allele
Dominant
Recessive
heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics
one of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise b m…
most important, powerful, or influential
relating to or denoting heritable characteristics controlled…
Genetics
heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics
Allele
one of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise b m…
7 terms
Ch. 13-2: Intelligence Testing
intelligence
two-factor theory
triarchic theory
emotional intelligence
the ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior, and to ada…
proposes that two factors contribute to an individual's intel…
proposes that intelligence can be divided into three ways of…
includes four major aspects of interpersonal and intrapersona…
intelligence
the ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior, and to ada…
two-factor theory
proposes that two factors contribute to an individual's intel…
33 terms
1.A Natural Selection
natural selection
evolutionary adaptation
artificial selection
decent with modification
A population can change over time if individuals with more fi…
An accumulation of inherited characteristics that enhance org…
Humans modifying species for desired traits through selective…
Darwin's way of referring to evolution.
natural selection
A population can change over time if individuals with more fi…
evolutionary adaptation
An accumulation of inherited characteristics that enhance org…
35 terms
Chapter 13
Reliability
Validity
Percentile system
Norms
The a ability of a test to give the same results under simila…
The ability of a test to measure what it is intended yo measure
Ranking of test scores that indicates the ratio of scores low…
Standard of comparison for test results developed by giving t…
Reliability
The a ability of a test to give the same results under simila…
Validity
The ability of a test to measure what it is intended yo measure
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