How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "term:human development theories = have been criticized for overemphasizing discrete age linked stages"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "term:human development theories = have been criticized for overemphasizing discrete age linked stages"

68 terms
Human Development Test 3
Fuzzy trace theory
Self-concept
Self- esteem
High self-esteem
States that memory is best understood by considering two type…
Refers to domain-specific evaluations of the self. Children m…
Refers to global evaluations of the self; it is also called s…
May refer to accurate, justified perception's of one's worth…
Fuzzy trace theory
States that memory is best understood by considering two type…
Self-concept
Refers to domain-specific evaluations of the self. Children m…
57 terms
Human Development
Developmental Psychology... Changes in…
Issues in Developmental Psychology
Is development stable or ... Are there…
Research methods... Researchers typica…
psychological processes... the entire life span... inevitable... ag…
Nurture in development?... does it occur in discrete stages?
changeable?... learning?... not develop or may not be fully devel…
◦ Longitudinal Design... ◦ Cross-sectional Design... Normative Inv…
Developmental Psychology... Changes in…
psychological processes... the entire life span... inevitable... ag…
Issues in Developmental Psychology
Nurture in development?... does it occur in discrete stages?
46 terms
Early Theories of Development
Maturational Theory
Psychoanalytical Theory
Psychosocial Theory
Erickson's Childhood stages
Gesell; said development is..... -primarily determined and pre-p…
Freud; said development is..... -based on early experiences ... -go…
Erickson; expanded on Freud's ideas, with Childhood, Adolesce…
Trust vs Mistrust... Autonomy vs Shame/Doubt... Initiative vs Guilt…
Maturational Theory
Gesell; said development is..... -primarily determined and pre-p…
Psychoanalytical Theory
Freud; said development is..... -based on early experiences ... -go…
141 terms
Module 14: Developmental Issues, Prenatal Development, and the Newborn (1-42)
Developmental psychologists study phys…
Efforts to identify the interactive in…
One of the three major concerns of dev…
Distinguishing between very gradual an…
social
Nature and nurture
Continuity and stages
Continuity and stages
Developmental psychologists study phys…
social
Efforts to identify the interactive in…
Nature and nurture
79 terms
Human Dev IV
Average growth in height and weight in…
Average height and weight of child at…
______ are slightly shorter and lighte…
Consequences of malnutrition during MC
2-3 inches and 5 lbs per year
3.5 ft and 45 lbs
Girls are slightly shorter and lighter than boys (6-8). By ag…
the development of the body's immune system decreases and off…
Average growth in height and weight in…
2-3 inches and 5 lbs per year
Average height and weight of child at…
3.5 ft and 45 lbs
50 terms
ch 3 psych
social
continuity and stages
discrete age-linked stages
stable over time
Developmental psychologists study physical, cognitive, and __…
One of the three major concerns of developmental psychology i…
Theories of human development have been criticized for overem…
A child's temperament is likely to be
social
Developmental psychologists study physical, cognitive, and __…
continuity and stages
One of the three major concerns of developmental psychology i…
33 terms
Psychology Quiz #4
Alcohol may cause fetal damage by leav…
From ages 3 to 6, the brain's neural n…
Infant motor development is typically…
One variation of autism spectrum disor…
An Epigenetic effect.
Frontal Lobes
the sequence but not the age-related timing
Asperger Syndrome
Alcohol may cause fetal damage by leav…
An Epigenetic effect.
From ages 3 to 6, the brain's neural n…
Frontal Lobes
37 terms
Development: Elementary Psych
Development Psychology
Conception
4 weeks
8 weeks-
Study of change across the lifespan (from birth to death)
(2 weeks pregnant)
fetal pole (a physician can tell you you're pregnant)... - Most…
heartbeat; looks a little like a human
Development Psychology
Study of change across the lifespan (from birth to death)
Conception
(2 weeks pregnant)
94 terms
Human growth and development clep
Operant conditioning
Relational aggression/covert aggression
Operant conditioning-extinction
Speaks first words
Reward behavior will stay, punish behavior will go away -BF S…
Harm caused through damage to relationships or social status
When behavior that was previously reinforced no longer produc…
10-15 mths
Operant conditioning
Reward behavior will stay, punish behavior will go away -BF S…
Relational aggression/covert aggression
Harm caused through damage to relationships or social status
74 terms
Psychology
Personality
Trait
Big five trait theory
Levels of consciousness
Unique and relatively stable pattern of thoughts, feelings, a…
Relatively stable personal characteristic that can be used to…
Trait theory of personality that includes openness, conscient…
Stores our primitive, instinctual motives, plus anxiety laden…
Personality
Unique and relatively stable pattern of thoughts, feelings, a…
Trait
Relatively stable personal characteristic that can be used to…
38 terms
Unit 2- Theories of Development
Developmental Psychology
Nature vs. Nurture
Nature position
Continuity or stages
-Psychology is the study of age-related changes in physical c…
is environment or biology a factor in development
argues that human development is governed by a genetically pr…
Does development occur continuously thru life or in stages
Developmental Psychology
-Psychology is the study of age-related changes in physical c…
Nature vs. Nurture
is environment or biology a factor in development
117 terms
Developmental Psych
Development
Development includes both growth and d…
The Traditional Approach... emphasizes ex…
Studying life-span development us impo…
The pattern of movement or change that begins at conception a…
True
The Traditional Approach
True
Development
The pattern of movement or change that begins at conception a…
Development includes both growth and d…
True
96 terms
Chapter 9
Developemental psychology
Physical developement
Cognitive developement
Social developement
The study of age-related changes in behavior, mental processe…
the development, growth and decline of the physical body
the development and changes in the human mind over the life s…
the development and growth of relationships over the life span
Developemental psychology
The study of age-related changes in behavior, mental processe…
Physical developement
the development, growth and decline of the physical body
170 terms
Test Bank 7 8 9 10
Developmental psychologists study phys…
Psychologists who view the development…
Theories of human development have bee…
A belief that adult personality is com…
social
the order but not the timing of the stages
discrete age linked stages
stability or change
Developmental psychologists study phys…
social
Psychologists who view the development…
the order but not the timing of the stages
77 terms
Psychology test 3
Life....
Developmental psychology
What three issues do developmental psy…
Nature and nurture
is a journey, from womb to tomb
examines our physical, cognitive, and social development acro…
1)nature and nurture... 2)continuity and stages... 3)stability and…
How does our genetic inheritance (our nature) interact with o…
Life....
is a journey, from womb to tomb
Developmental psychology
examines our physical, cognitive, and social development acro…
Chapter 3: Human Growth and Development
Freud's stages are psychosexual while…
In Freudian theory instincts are empha…
The only psychoanalyst who created a d…
The statement, "the ego is dependent o…
Psychosocial
Believe in man's powers of reasoning to control behavior.
Erik Erikson
Sigmund Freud
Freud's stages are psychosexual while…
Psychosocial
In Freudian theory instincts are empha…
Believe in man's powers of reasoning to control behavior.
30 terms
CHAPTER FOUR: The Age of Skepticism Pt. II
Where have humans consciously bred des…
How did embryology support Darwin's th…
What might new species and the perfect…
Why couldn't the theory of natural sel…
their domesticated plants and animals
Each stage of the embryo mirrored an evolutionary stage in th…
...
...
Where have humans consciously bred des…
their domesticated plants and animals
How did embryology support Darwin's th…
Each stage of the embryo mirrored an evolutionary stage in th…
46 terms
Psychology Chapter 10
Transition and Continuity
Development
Prenatal Period
Prenatal Stages
two themes that permeate human development
is the sequence of age-related changes that occur as a person…
extends from conception to birth, usually encompassing nine m…
1.) the germinal stage (first 2 weeks) 2.) the embryonic stag…
Transition and Continuity
two themes that permeate human development
Development
is the sequence of age-related changes that occur as a person…
46 terms
Psychology Chapter 10
Transition and Continuity
Development
Prenatal Period
Prenatal Stages
two themes that permeate human development
is the sequence of age-related changes that occur as a person…
extends from conception to birth, usually encompassing nine m…
1.) the germinal stage (first 2 weeks) 2.) the embryonic stag…
Transition and Continuity
two themes that permeate human development
Development
is the sequence of age-related changes that occur as a person…
50 terms
CHAPTER 5 PSYCH
prefrontal cortex (frontal lobe)
gross-motor skills
fine-motor skills
information
The most rapid changes in the brain between the ages of 3-6 o…
motor skills involving large muscle groups. ti\his increases…
motor skills that are more fine deliberate actions. It requir…
myelination is linked to an increase in speed of ____________…
prefrontal cortex (frontal lobe)
The most rapid changes in the brain between the ages of 3-6 o…
gross-motor skills
motor skills involving large muscle groups. ti\his increases…
51 terms
Module 13 and 14
Developmental Psychology
Nature and Nurture
Characteristics
Zygote
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
nature: unique gene combination, responsible for shared human…
temperament is stable.... attitudes are less stable.
when one sperm cell unites with an egg
Developmental Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Nature and Nurture
nature: unique gene combination, responsible for shared human…
56 terms
CH 14: Socioemotional Development in Middle Adulthood
Describe personality theories and deve…
1. Stages of Adulthood... Erikson's Sta…
Generativity:... Generativity can be d…
Stagnation:
Adult stage theories:... *Ericksons Stage of Generativity... *Levin…
Have an understanding of this stage:
Adults' desire to leave legacies of themselves to the next ge…
Develops when individuals sense that they have done nothing f…
Describe personality theories and deve…
Adult stage theories:... *Ericksons Stage of Generativity... *Levin…
1. Stages of Adulthood... Erikson's Sta…
Have an understanding of this stage:
31 terms
Week 2.1 (Psychosocial Theories of Aging)
research
theory
Modernization Theory
Developmental Theories of Aging
systematic and scientific pursuit of knowledge
- broad explanation that provides a structure for organizing…
theory that the decline in status of the aged is due to:... ... 1)…
- development of the individual (micro)... - stages of physical…
research
systematic and scientific pursuit of knowledge
theory
- broad explanation that provides a structure for organizing…
69 terms
psychology
To estimate trait heritability, resear…
A child's temperament is likely to be
Dante is healthier than his twin broth…
hromosomes are contained within
twin studies
stable over time
prenatal environment
all of these types of cells
To estimate trait heritability, resear…
twin studies
A child's temperament is likely to be
stable over time
66 terms
Wilson AP Psych Fall Final
What is a fertilized egg cell called?
one of the most consistently damaging…
When Joan touched her infant's cheek,…
The best evidence that 4-month-old inf…
Zygote
alcohol
Rooting reflex
Habituation
What is a fertilized egg cell called?
Zygote
one of the most consistently damaging…
alcohol
37 terms
Human Growth & Development (Ch. 17- Unit IV, obj. 1-4)
human genome project
genome
heart disease and cancer
genomics
the ___ is a national and international project to map the es…
All the DNA in an organism, including its genes, is referred…
genetic factors of complex diseases, such as ___, remain unkn…
___ is the study of the structure and interactions of all the…
human genome project
the ___ is a national and international project to map the es…
genome
All the DNA in an organism, including its genes, is referred…
107 terms
Life Span Development
Development is.....
Plasticity
Average Life expectancy in America tod…
Normative age-graded influences:
Lifelong, Multidimensional, Multi-directional, Plastic, Multi…
capacity to change
78
-Similar for individuals in a particular age group. ... -Ex. Lea…
Development is.....
Lifelong, Multidimensional, Multi-directional, Plastic, Multi…
Plasticity
capacity to change
81 terms
Human Development Review 1
What does the science of human develop…
The study of human development is cond…
A hypothesis is a(n):
According to most developmental psycho…
how & why people change over time
scientists want to move from opinion to proof
Prediction that can be tested
environment and heredity combined
What does the science of human develop…
how & why people change over time
The study of human development is cond…
scientists want to move from opinion to proof
54 terms
Introduction (chapter 1)
Development
Life-Span Perspective
Normative Age-Graded Influences
Normative History-Graded Influences
the pattern of movement or change that begins at conception a…
view of development as being lifelong, multidimensional, mult…
influences that are similar for individuals in a particular a…
influences that are common to people of a particular generati…
Development
the pattern of movement or change that begins at conception a…
Life-Span Perspective
view of development as being lifelong, multidimensional, mult…
40 terms
Phycology Exam 2
Developmental psychology study physica…
Distinguishing between very gradual an…
Cross cultural research on human devel…
Theories of human development having m…
Social
Continuity and stages
Person-to-person differences within cultural groups are large…
Discrete age length stages
Developmental psychology study physica…
Social
Distinguishing between very gradual an…
Continuity and stages
42 terms
Human Development Chapter 1
Behaviorism
Case study
Classical condition
Cognitive theory
A theory of human development that studies observable behavior
An in-depth study of one person, usually requiring personal i…
A learning process in which a meaningful stimulus gradually c…
A theory of human development that focuses on changes in how…
Behaviorism
A theory of human development that studies observable behavior
Case study
An in-depth study of one person, usually requiring personal i…
37 terms
N101 - Theories of Lifespan Development
Why is it important to study lifespan…
Traditional views of lifespan developm…
Traditional views of old age in lifesp…
Contemporary view of lifespan developm…
People are living much longer than they used to.... It is import…
Traditional - Childhood is a unique time of development that…
old age is just decline (wasn't even an old age, because peop…
needed because of increased lifespan... Childhood lays foundatio…
Why is it important to study lifespan…
People are living much longer than they used to.... It is import…
Traditional views of lifespan developm…
Traditional - Childhood is a unique time of development that…
Life-Span Development Chapter 1
Development
Life-span perspective
Normative age-graded influences
Normative history-graded influences
the pattern of change that begins at conception and continues…
The perspective that development is lifelong, multidimensiona…
the influences of age group (processes like puberty and menop…
Influences that are common to people of a particular generati…
Development
the pattern of change that begins at conception and continues…
Life-span perspective
The perspective that development is lifelong, multidimensiona…
15 terms
human growth and development
psychosocial
beleives in mans power of reasoning to…
erik erikson
Sigmund Freud
freud stages are psychosexual while erik erikson stages are
in freud theory instincts are emphasized . erik erikson is an…
the only psychoanalyst who created a development theory which…
the statement the ego is dependent on the id.. would most lik…
psychosocial
freud stages are psychosexual while erik erikson stages are
beleives in mans power of reasoning to…
in freud theory instincts are emphasized . erik erikson is an…
Child Development 2
Executive attention
Information Processing:... Long term memo…
Lobe areas of the brain
Prefrontal cortex
• Action planning... • Allocating attention to goals... • Error det…
- There are age differences in children's susceptibility to s…
frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital
Most rapid growth in the brain takes place in this part of th…
Executive attention
• Action planning... • Allocating attention to goals... • Error det…
Information Processing:... Long term memo…
- There are age differences in children's susceptibility to s…
77 terms
Psychology test 3
Life....
Developmental psychology
What three issues do developmental psy…
Nature and nurture
is a journey, from womb to tomb
examines our physical, cognitive, and social development acro…
1)nature and nurture... 2)continuity and stages... 3)stability and…
How does our genetic inheritance (our nature) interact with o…
Life....
is a journey, from womb to tomb
Developmental psychology
examines our physical, cognitive, and social development acro…
40 terms
CDE-2 Chapters 1 and 2
5 steps of the scientific method
MAOA
Critical Period
Sensitive Period
1) Begin with a question... 2) Develop hypothesis/theory... 3) Test…
Gene that affects the likelihood of becoming violent
Time when a particular type of developmental growth (in body…
Time when a certain type of development is MOST LIKELY, altho…
5 steps of the scientific method
1) Begin with a question... 2) Develop hypothesis/theory... 3) Test…
MAOA
Gene that affects the likelihood of becoming violent
gty ch. 3/4
theories
disengagement theory
activity theory
1. aging over life course as social pr…
broad explanations that provide a structure for organizing an…
optimal aging involves withdrawal from the social world
optimal aging involves remaining active and involved
two topics that the sociology of age is concerned with
theories
broad explanations that provide a structure for organizing an…
disengagement theory
optimal aging involves withdrawal from the social world
40 terms
Cognitive & Motor Development
Four domains
Affective
Physical
Motor
affective... cognitive... motor... physical
social/emotional development, competitively and cooperatively…
maturation (functional ability) and growth (physical growth)
refers to any form of human movement behavior... reflex movement…
Four domains
affective... cognitive... motor... physical
Affective
social/emotional development, competitively and cooperatively…
26 terms
Sociology 101 (Chapter 3: Socialization)
Social Environment
Socialization
Self
Looking-glass self
the entire human environment, including interaction with others
the process by which people learn the characteristics of thei…
the unique human capacity of being able to see ourselves "fro…
a term coined by Charles Horton Cooley to refer to the proces…
Social Environment
the entire human environment, including interaction with others
Socialization
the process by which people learn the characteristics of thei…
64 terms
GenPsy Test 2- Meehan
According to Freud, what is the most i…
Psychosexual stages
According to Freud, what does each sta…
If a conflict associated with an eroge…
Sex instinct
series of stages through which sexual instinct develops
part of a body that provides pleasurable sensations
fixitation
According to Freud, what is the most i…
Sex instinct
Psychosexual stages
series of stages through which sexual instinct develops
50 terms
Final Exam Review
Significant dysfunction in a person's…
In 1973, the American Psychiatric Asso…
Alexis is socially withdrawn and has f…
Larry has difficulty organizing his da…
a psychological disorder.
dysfunctional.
preventing her from functioning effectively.
attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Significant dysfunction in a person's…
a psychological disorder.
In 1973, the American Psychiatric Asso…
dysfunctional.
132 terms
Human Development Exam I
Human development
Development is
biological processes
cognitive processes
How people change physically, mentally, and socially from con…
.....Lifelong, multi-dimensional, multi-directional and plast…
Physical. Genes inherited from parents. Height and weight gai…
Thought, intelligence and language. In infancy its learning a…
Human development
How people change physically, mentally, and socially from con…
Development is
.....Lifelong, multi-dimensional, multi-directional and plast…
126 terms
AP Human Geography - Unit 2 Review Qs
what is one of the fastest growing are…
Most of the worlds people live in :
Throughout human history world populat…
What occurs when a population is addin…
Tropical Africa
Less-developed, poorest countries, (80%)
Grown most rapidly over the last 200 years
Exponential growth
what is one of the fastest growing are…
Tropical Africa
Most of the worlds people live in :
Less-developed, poorest countries, (80%)
44 terms
Human Development Review Cards
self-concept
anal stage
temperament
oral stage
A persons understanding of who he or she is
Freud's stage for the toddlers (two years old) there is pleas…
individual difference in emotions, activity and self-control
Freud's "infant" stage; Freud would attribute fingernail biti…
self-concept
A persons understanding of who he or she is
anal stage
Freud's stage for the toddlers (two years old) there is pleas…
38 terms
Social Dev Chapter 1
Brnfenbrenner's ecological theory
Centration
Classical Conditioning (watson)
Cognitive social learning theory
Emphasizes role of environment- environment nested structures…
Kids can only focus on one particular aspects
Babies are blank slates and shaped entirely by environment
Learning takes place via observation. ... Little to no innate d…
Brnfenbrenner's ecological theory
Emphasizes role of environment- environment nested structures…
Centration
Kids can only focus on one particular aspects
44 terms
Psych 101
Developmental psychology
Nature- Nurture
Teratogens
Stages of physical development
is the study of the patterns of growth and change that occur…
Both interact to produce specific devlopmental patterns and o…
Harmful substances mothers should avoid during pregnancy. FAS…
1. zygote:the new cell formed by the union of an egg and sper…
Developmental psychology
is the study of the patterns of growth and change that occur…
Nature- Nurture
Both interact to produce specific devlopmental patterns and o…
38 terms
Development
Developmental psychology
Conception
4 weeks into conception
8 weeks
study of change across the lifespan... -majority deal with ages…
- occurs two weeks after you are already pregnant... -fertilizat…
-fetal poll ... - 2 -3 weeks after conception - heart beat starts
-development of areas for arms and legs... - development of eyes
Developmental psychology
study of change across the lifespan... -majority deal with ages…
Conception
- occurs two weeks after you are already pregnant... -fertilizat…
59 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 12: Development
developmental psychology
three prenatal stages (from... conception…
germinal stage
embryonic stage
the study of continuity and change across the... life span
1. germinal stage... 2. embryonic stage... 3. fetal stage
the 2-week period that begins at conception
the period that lasts from the 2nd... week until about the 8th w…
developmental psychology
the study of continuity and change across the... life span
three prenatal stages (from... conception…
1. germinal stage... 2. embryonic stage... 3. fetal stage
35 terms
human growth and development chpt 1-5 vocab
psychoanalytic theories
Erikson's theory
Piaget's theory
Vygotsky's theory
theories that describe development as primarily unconscious a…
theory that proposes eight stages of human development, each…
theory stating that children actively construct their underst…
sociocultural cognitive theory that emphasizes how culture an…
psychoanalytic theories
theories that describe development as primarily unconscious a…
Erikson's theory
theory that proposes eight stages of human development, each…
1 of 10