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Study sets matching "term:human reproduction = somatic cell nuclear transfer currently involves all of the following choices except"

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Study sets matching "term:human reproduction = somatic cell nuclear transfer currently involves all of the following choices except"

20 terms
Chapter 10- Asexual Reproduction
Adult somatic cells
Asexual reproduction
Binary fission
Budding
To construct new organisms represents remarkable human interv…
Is a form of reproduction in which one parental organism prod…
Is a kind of asexual reproduction. It is the most common form…
Is a form of asexual reproduction in which a new organism dev…
Adult somatic cells
To construct new organisms represents remarkable human interv…
Asexual reproduction
Is a form of reproduction in which one parental organism prod…
30 terms
MR LEAFS CELL REPRODUCTION
cell cycle
chromosomes
chromatid
centromere
series of events in eukaryotic cells involving growth, DNA re…
structures in the nucleus that are made up of DNA and protein…
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible du…
the region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
cell cycle
series of events in eukaryotic cells involving growth, DNA re…
chromosomes
structures in the nucleus that are made up of DNA and protein…
174 terms
BIO 216
Most Common cloning method
Somatic cell nuclear transfer
Somatic cell
How are somatic cells obtained
Somatic cell nuclear transfer also known as nuclear transfer
Requires 2 types of cells:... --1.)Somatic: Collected from an an…
Any cell other than a sperm cell or egg cell and contains the…
-Somatic cells are typically obtained by a routine skin biops…
Most Common cloning method
Somatic cell nuclear transfer also known as nuclear transfer
Somatic cell nuclear transfer
Requires 2 types of cells:... --1.)Somatic: Collected from an an…
24 terms
Techniques
Explain how TUNEL can be used to ident…
Describe the process used to make knoc…
Explain how different cell types can b…
Describe the characteristics of planar…
1. During the process of apoptosis, ... specific endonucleases a…
1.Embryonic stem cells can be isolated from the inner cell ma…
1. Cells are first labeled with fluorescent antibodies that r…
-aquatic flatworms... -~20% of the cells in their body are pluri…
Explain how TUNEL can be used to ident…
1. During the process of apoptosis, ... specific endonucleases a…
Describe the process used to make knoc…
1.Embryonic stem cells can be isolated from the inner cell ma…
20 terms
Chapter 10- Asexual Reproduction
Adult somatic cells
Asexual reproduction
Binary fission
Budding
To construct new organisms represents remarkable human interv…
Is a form of reproduction in which one parental organism prod…
Is a kind of asexual reproduction. It is the most common form…
Is a form of asexual reproduction in which a new organism dev…
Adult somatic cells
To construct new organisms represents remarkable human interv…
Asexual reproduction
Is a form of reproduction in which one parental organism prod…
77 terms
Genetic Engineering
Genetic engineering
Why manipulate DNA? (3)
4 methods of DNA manipulation
Whole organism cloning
Direct manipulation of an organism's DNA using biotechnology…
It's a heritable characteristic, the base pairing rule and it…
insert new genes, mutate existing genes, remove genes, replac…
the process of producing genetically identical individuals
Genetic engineering
Direct manipulation of an organism's DNA using biotechnology…
Why manipulate DNA? (3)
It's a heritable characteristic, the base pairing rule and it…
20 terms
biology chapter 8
After chromosomes are duplicated, each…
The basic unit that structurally organ…
What are the base-pairing rules for DNA?
_____ is an example of reproductive cl…
refers to a particular chromosome pair in a cell... is an identi…
nucleosome
A-T, G-C
Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) and Artificial embryo sp…
After chromosomes are duplicated, each…
refers to a particular chromosome pair in a cell... is an identi…
The basic unit that structurally organ…
nucleosome
36 terms
Unit 5 vocab
Aneuploidy
Asexual Reproduction
Binary Fission
Cancer Cells
Presence of an abnormal number of chromosomes in a cell
Which offspring arise from a single organism, and inherit the…
Form of asexual reproduction and cell division used by all pr…
Cancerous tumors are malignant, which means they can spread i…
Aneuploidy
Presence of an abnormal number of chromosomes in a cell
Asexual Reproduction
Which offspring arise from a single organism, and inherit the…
100 terms
Chapters 8-12
is an identifiable feature of a specie…
nucleosome
A-T-, G-C
Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) a…
Chromosome number ___
The basic unit that structurally organizes a eukaryotic... chrom…
What are the base-pairing rules for DNA?
_____ is an example of reproductive cloning.
is an identifiable feature of a specie…
Chromosome number ___
nucleosome
The basic unit that structurally organizes a eukaryotic... chrom…
64 terms
Unit 5: DNA and Cell Reproduction
Chromosome
Sister chromatids
Chromatid
Centromere
Long, thin strand of coiled DNA
Pair of identical chromatids joined at the centromere
Each of the two strands formed when a chromosome duplicates
Cell structure that joins two sister chromatids of a chromosome
Chromosome
Long, thin strand of coiled DNA
Sister chromatids
Pair of identical chromatids joined at the centromere
52 terms
Stem Cells, GMOs and Cloning
What are the three cornerstones for th…
Out of all the current reproductive te…
Explain the process in ovulation devel…
What are the five (5) components of em…
It has to be simple, economical and successful
Artificial insemination.
1. Synchronisation and superovulation... 2. Insemination... 3. Flus…
What are the three cornerstones for th…
It has to be simple, economical and successful
Out of all the current reproductive te…
Artificial insemination.
22 terms
Therapeutic vs Reproductive Cloning and Genetics
Reproductive Cloning
Therapeutic Cloning
Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer
Pluripotent
The production of a genetic duplicate of an existing organism.
Refers to the removal of a nucleus, which contains genetic ma…
is a laboratory technique for creating an ovum with a donor n…
A major benefit of therapeutic cloning is that the cells remo…
Reproductive Cloning
The production of a genetic duplicate of an existing organism.
Therapeutic Cloning
Refers to the removal of a nucleus, which contains genetic ma…
28 terms
Challenges to Biomedical Research - Transgenic animals and cloning
Early use of biotechnology - uses micr…
Where first transgenic organisms were…
Used by pharmacy companies to make ins…
Animal found most often in biomedical…
Cheese, beer, and yeast breads
Laboratory (bacteria)
Bacteria
Mice
Early use of biotechnology - uses micr…
Cheese, beer, and yeast breads
Where first transgenic organisms were…
Laboratory (bacteria)
28 terms
Challenges to Biomedical Research - Transgenic animals and cloning
Early use of biotechnology - uses micr…
Where first transgenic organisms were…
Used by pharmacy companies to make ins…
Animal found most often in biomedical…
Cheese, beer, and yeast breads
Laboratory (bacteria)
Bacteria
Mice
Early use of biotechnology - uses micr…
Cheese, beer, and yeast breads
Where first transgenic organisms were…
Laboratory (bacteria)
39 terms
Human Intervention in Evolution
Selective breeding/artificial selection
Issues/Outcomes surrounding selective…
Chemical Usage
Issues surrounding chemical usage:
Humans choose breeding partners which display the desired tra…
-increases in allele frequency for the selected trait ... -Incre…
Using pesticides, insecticides, herbicides to control agricul…
-act as selection agents favouring the survival of resistant…
Selective breeding/artificial selection
Humans choose breeding partners which display the desired tra…
Issues/Outcomes surrounding selective…
-increases in allele frequency for the selected trait ... -Incre…
42 terms
Biology Test 2
A
C
is an identifiable feature of a specie…
nucleosome
T
G
Chromosome number _____.
The basic unit that structurally organizes a eukaryotic... chrom…
A
T
C
G
48 terms
The Cell Cycle and Cellular Reproduction
cell cycle
interphase
chromatid
sister chromatids
An orderly set of stages that take place between the time a e…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Following DNA replication, each chromosome is composed of two…
Two identical chromatids. They remained attached until they a…
cell cycle
An orderly set of stages that take place between the time a e…
interphase
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
42 terms
Ch. 3 Embryos, Stem Cells, and Cloning
EAB
The Rios Case
Dickey-Warner Amendment
Types of Cloning (4)
Ethics Advisory Board
a case in Australia where government required that embryos we…
conservative congressman revised NIH's bill to ban funding fo…
molecular cloning, cellular cloning, embryo twinning, somatic…
EAB
Ethics Advisory Board
The Rios Case
a case in Australia where government required that embryos we…
21 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Anaphase
Asters
Asexual reproduction
Blastula
The mitotic stage that follows metaphase,duplicated chromosom…
Microtubules and fibers that radiate out of centrioles
Reproduction only involving 1parent
A hollow ball of cells formed during the early stage of embry…
Anaphase
The mitotic stage that follows metaphase,duplicated chromosom…
Asters
Microtubules and fibers that radiate out of centrioles
33 terms
Introduction To Classical Genetics
Allel
ANaphase
Autosome
Cell Cycle
One variant of a particular gene, for example; there are blue…
Phase of mitosis where sister chromosomes separate and daught…
Any chromosome not involved in sex determination
The progression of a parent cell from creation through growth…
Allel
One variant of a particular gene, for example; there are blue…
ANaphase
Phase of mitosis where sister chromosomes separate and daught…
35 terms
Module 1: Lecture 37 Stem Cells
Define Stem Cells + types (2)
Unique characteristics... of stem cells +…
Levels of Potency in stem cells
Totipotent
Undifferentiated or unspecialized cells that give rise to... the…
1. Self renewal... - unlimited throughout cell division... 2. Diffe…
Totipotent... Pluripotent... Multipotent... Unipotent... -as level go dow…
Ability to develop into all tissues... 1. Embryonic... Endoderm, me…
Define Stem Cells + types (2)
Undifferentiated or unspecialized cells that give rise to... the…
Unique characteristics... of stem cells +…
1. Self renewal... - unlimited throughout cell division... 2. Diffe…
36 terms
Unit 5 vocab
aneuploidy
asexual reproduction
binary fission
cancer cells
presence of an abnormal number of chromosomes in a cell
which offspring arise from a single organism, and inherit the…
form of asexual reproduction and cell division used by all pr…
Cancerous tumors are malignant, which means they can spread i…
aneuploidy
presence of an abnormal number of chromosomes in a cell
asexual reproduction
which offspring arise from a single organism, and inherit the…
45 terms
bio vocab#2 #vapegod
allele
anaphase
autosome
cell cycle
one variant of a particular gene; for example, there are blue…
phase of mitosis where sister chromatids separate and daughte…
any chromosome not involved in sex determination
the progression of a parent cell from creation through growth…
allele
one variant of a particular gene; for example, there are blue…
anaphase
phase of mitosis where sister chromatids separate and daughte…
32 terms
BIO 1105 Lesson 20
Development
Model Organism
Morphogenesis
Cell Lineage Map
process by which the single cell of a fertilized egg becomes…
help define animal development
formation of specific organs and tissues
the developmental history of individual blastomeres from thei…
Development
process by which the single cell of a fertilized egg becomes…
Model Organism
help define animal development
32 terms
Human Intervention in Evolution SAC Unit 4
Artificial Selection
Reproductive Cloning
Embyro Splitting
Nuclear Transfer
Humans (Breeders) choose the individuals they want to be bree…
ASEXUAL, creates offspring identical to parents.
- the cells of an early EMBRYO are ARTIFICIALLY separated (us…
-A nucleus is taken from a cell, it is then said to be ENUCLE…
Artificial Selection
Humans (Breeders) choose the individuals they want to be bree…
Reproductive Cloning
ASEXUAL, creates offspring identical to parents.
48 terms
Chapter 7 Biology
asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Germ Cells
Zygote
one parents with no special reproductive organs or cells
involves two parents, each of which contributes germ cells th…
Gametes or sexual cells
Thing that is formed from the union of germ cells receives ge…
asexual reproduction
one parents with no special reproductive organs or cells
Sexual reproduction
involves two parents, each of which contributes germ cells th…
29 terms
Biology Chapter 6
clone
centromere
chromosome
chromosome number
genetically identical copy of an organism
of a duplicated eukaryotic chromosome, constricted region whe…
a structure that consists of DNA and associated proteins; car…
the sum of all chromosomes in a cell of a given species
clone
genetically identical copy of an organism
centromere
of a duplicated eukaryotic chromosome, constricted region whe…
20 terms
Quiz 2
Cloning is a form of ______ reproduction
nuclear transfer involves the removal…
Somatic cell nuclear transfer is an al…
SCNT avoids the issue of ____
asexual
false
pluripotent stem cells
immune rejection
Cloning is a form of ______ reproduction
asexual
nuclear transfer involves the removal…
false
154 terms
Biology Final
allele
anaphase
autosome
cell cycle
one variant of a particular gene: for example, there are blue…
phase of mitosis where sister chromatids separate and daughte…
any chromosome not involved in sex determination
the progression of a parent cell from creation through growth…
allele
one variant of a particular gene: for example, there are blue…
anaphase
phase of mitosis where sister chromatids separate and daughte…
Science 10 Unit 3 Biology: Tissues, Organs, and Systems
Cell
Unicellular organism
Multicellular organism
Cell theory
The basic structural and functional unit of life.
Organism consisting of only one cell (for example, an amoeba).
Organism made up of more than one cell. Humans are made of 10…
The three principles that form the basis of our knowledge abo…
Cell
The basic structural and functional unit of life.
Unicellular organism
Organism consisting of only one cell (for example, an amoeba).
31 terms
BJU Biology Chapter 7
Clone
DNA Fingerprint
Embryonic stem cells
Gene therapy
An exact genetic duplicate of a cell or organism
A distinctive pattern of bands composed of fragments of an in…
An undifferentiated cell, taken from an embryo, that has the…
A technique used to correct a defective gene that has been id…
Clone
An exact genetic duplicate of a cell or organism
DNA Fingerprint
A distinctive pattern of bands composed of fragments of an in…
71 terms
Bio 11-13 Study Guide
Paracrine Signaling
Endocrine Signaling
Autocrine Signaling
Synaptic Signaling
Paracrine: Numerous cells can simultaneously receive and resp…
Endocrine: Specialized cells release hormone molecules, which…
Autocrine: Autocrine signaling is a form of cell signaling in…
Synaptic: occurs in the animal nervous system. An electrical…
Paracrine Signaling
Paracrine: Numerous cells can simultaneously receive and resp…
Endocrine Signaling
Endocrine: Specialized cells release hormone molecules, which…
53 terms
Unit 3 Genetics
allele
anaphase
autosome
cell cycle
one variant of a particular gene: for example, there are blue…
phase of mitosis where sister chromatids separate and daughte…
any chromosome not involved in sex determination
the progression of a parent cell from creation through growth…
allele
one variant of a particular gene: for example, there are blue…
anaphase
phase of mitosis where sister chromatids separate and daughte…
31 terms
Molecular Biology (Stem Cells, Gel Electrophoresis, Restriction Enzymes)
Stem cells
(Stage of Stem Cell) Totiopent
(Stage of Stem Cell) Clerpent
(Stage of Stem Cell) Multipotent
Less differentiated self-renewing cells that retain the capac…
Given right info= Any cell type
Can become many cells but not all
Only a few cells
Stem cells
Less differentiated self-renewing cells that retain the capac…
(Stage of Stem Cell) Totiopent
Given right info= Any cell type
24 terms
Chapter 8
Chromosomes
Duplicated strands
Histones
Nucleosomes
what DNA molecules are organized in
Sister chromatids connected at a constricted region called ce…
Coils inside the chromosome are fibers of DNA wrapped around…
"beads" the smallest unit of chromosomal organization.... Organi…
Chromosomes
what DNA molecules are organized in
Duplicated strands
Sister chromatids connected at a constricted region called ce…
38 terms
Biology Principles Chapter 9 Terms
sexual reproduction
karyotype
Homologous chromosomes
diploid
reproductive mode by which offspring arise from two parents a…
a display of micrographs of the metaphase chromosomes of a cell
the two chromosomes that make up a matched pair in a diploid…
containing two sets of chromosomes
sexual reproduction
reproductive mode by which offspring arise from two parents a…
karyotype
a display of micrographs of the metaphase chromosomes of a cell
51 terms
Biology- Cell Cycle worksheets
Know Diagram
what is duplication of the DNA and pro…
period after duplication of DNA during…
period of cell growth before DNA dupli…
KNOW how to LABEL!!!
synthesis
G2 and 2nd Checkpoint
G1 and 1st checkpoint
Know Diagram
KNOW how to LABEL!!!
what is duplication of the DNA and pro…
synthesis
16 terms
bio ch 15
clone
first reproductive clone
process used to clone
somatic cell
genetically identical copy of any biological entity
dolly the sheep
somatic cell nuclear transfer (scnt)
any cell that doesnt give rise to reproductive cells
clone
genetically identical copy of any biological entity
first reproductive clone
dolly the sheep
19 terms
BY5 - 5.8 Human Impact - Extinction and Conservation
Extinction
Biodiversity
Habitat destruction
Pollution
The loss of a species
The variety of species on earth
Natural ecosystems being removed and replaced by agricultural…
This can be chemical or involve larger objects like plastics…
Extinction
The loss of a species
Biodiversity
The variety of species on earth
28 terms
Unit 5 Vocabulary
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
Eukaryotic cell
Fertilization
Haploid cell
A molecule that carries the genetic code for all living organ…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
Gametes join in a process which result in a diploid zygote.
When a cell, such as a gamete, contains one set of chromosomes.
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
A molecule that carries the genetic code for all living organ…
Eukaryotic cell
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
43 terms
Chapter 8: DNA Structure and Function
Clone
Autosome
Centromere
Chromosome
Genetically identical copy of an organism
Any chromosome other than a sex chromosome
Constricted region in a eukaryotic chromosome where sister ch…
A structure that consists of DNA and associated proteins; car…
Clone
Genetically identical copy of an organism
Autosome
Any chromosome other than a sex chromosome
32 terms
PHIL 380 Test 3 Terms
Suicide - Narrow Definition
Suicide - Broad Definition
Preemptive suicide
Surcease suicide
The intentional taking or forfeiting of one's life, primarily…
The intentional taking or forfeiting of one's life
Suicide which is undertaken not out of current suffering, but…
Suicide which is done as an escape from current suffering; as…
Suicide - Narrow Definition
The intentional taking or forfeiting of one's life, primarily…
Suicide - Broad Definition
The intentional taking or forfeiting of one's life
43 terms
Biology Chapter 7
Clone
Genome
Artificial Clone
Enucleated
Anyone of a group of organisms produced asexually from an ind…
The hereditary information encoded in an organism's DNA; a co…
Man helped clone and helps the clone to continue
empty
Clone
Anyone of a group of organisms produced asexually from an ind…
Genome
The hereditary information encoded in an organism's DNA; a co…
17 terms
Science chapter 8
Mutation
2 characteristics of albinism
Gene mutation
The three severity levels in mutations
Any change in an organisms genetic material
Pale whitish skin and pink eyes
Occurs when there are changes in the sequence of bases
Unnoticeable mutation, harmful mutation, and lethal mutation
Mutation
Any change in an organisms genetic material
2 characteristics of albinism
Pale whitish skin and pink eyes
25 terms
Therapeutic vs Reproductive Cloning
Reproductive Cloning
Therapeutic Cloning
Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer
Pluripotent
The production of a genetic duplicate of an existing organism.
Refers to the removal of a nucleus, which contains genetic ma…
Therapeutic Cloning is another phrase for a procedure known as
A major benefit of therapeutic cloning is that the cells remo…
Reproductive Cloning
The production of a genetic duplicate of an existing organism.
Therapeutic Cloning
Refers to the removal of a nucleus, which contains genetic ma…
21 terms
GenCen Part 3
Concordance
Heritability
Epigenetics
SNPs
fraction of twin pairs that share a particular trait; used to…
the fraction of the phenotypic variability due to genetic fac…
heritable changes in gene expression that do not involve the…
DNA variation where sequences vary at a single nucleotide; in…
Concordance
fraction of twin pairs that share a particular trait; used to…
Heritability
the fraction of the phenotypic variability due to genetic fac…
31 terms
Stem Cells Pt2
What is cellular differentiations
Describe the basic characteristics of…
Embryonic
Adult
a less specialized cell becomes a more specialized cell type.…
-Self-renewal: long-term ability to proliferate and generate…
-Potency: pluripotency... -Tumor formation: yes... -Moral Conflict:…
-Potency: Multi Potent... -Tumor Formation: No ... -Moral Conflict:…
What is cellular differentiations
a less specialized cell becomes a more specialized cell type.…
Describe the basic characteristics of…
-Self-renewal: long-term ability to proliferate and generate…
33 terms
Mitosis
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Somatic Cells (body cells)
Diploid or 2n number
Contains organelles ... Where many chemical reactions in the cel…
Contains the DNA in the form of chromosomes or chromatin
Make up the organs of the body... ex: skin cells, kidney cells,…
The number of chromosomes in a cell
Cytoplasm
Contains organelles ... Where many chemical reactions in the cel…
Nucleus
Contains the DNA in the form of chromosomes or chromatin
14 terms
Stem Cells & Cloning Quiz
Match the terms with the appropriate d…
Which of the following cell types can…
According to the federal government, w…
In somatic cell nuclear transfer:
1. Induced Stem Cells... 2. Totipotent Stem Cells... 3. Multipotent…
a cell from a blastocyst
There is no significant difference.
a diploid nucleus is inserted into an enucleated egg cell.
Match the terms with the appropriate d…
1. Induced Stem Cells... 2. Totipotent Stem Cells... 3. Multipotent…
Which of the following cell types can…
a cell from a blastocyst
21 terms
Bio Chapter 6 Terms
Chromosome number
Clone
Histone
Autosome
Total number of chromosomes in a cell of a given species
genetically identical copy of an organism
Type of protein that structurally organizes eukaryotic chromo…
Chromosomes that are in both males and females and not a sex…
Chromosome number
Total number of chromosomes in a cell of a given species
Clone
genetically identical copy of an organism
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