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Study sets matching "term:hydronium ion = the molecule with the extra proton"

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Study sets matching "term:hydronium ion = the molecule with the extra proton"

11 terms
chem *****es
acid
base
hydronium ion
salt
donates hydrogen ion
accepts hydrogen ion
water molecule with extra proton
ionic compound from an acid and a base
acid
donates hydrogen ion
base
accepts hydrogen ion
15 terms
ch 25 science
CH3COO -1
CO3 -2
ClO3 -1
NH4 +1
acetate
carbonate
chlorate
ammonium
CH3COO -1
acetate
CO3 -2
carbonate
11 terms
9th Grade Chemistry chapter 25
acid
acidic solution
ampoteric
base
a substance that donates hydrogen ions
a solution in which the hydronium ion concentration is higher…
a description of a substance that can act as either an acid o…
a substance that accepts hydrogen ions
acid
a substance that donates hydrogen ions
acidic solution
a solution in which the hydronium ion concentration is higher…
13 terms
Ch. 24/25
Solubility
Soluble
Insoluble
Precipitate
chemical property
capable to dissolve in a solvent
material that doesn't dissolve
solution saturated at a high temp
Solubility
chemical property
Soluble
capable to dissolve in a solvent
13 terms
Ch. 24/25 - Camber
Solubility
Soluble
Insoluble
Precipitate
probability of a solute dissolving
able to dissolve
unable to dissolve
a solution saturated at hot temperatures cool down
Solubility
probability of a solute dissolving
Soluble
able to dissolve
Chap 25 vocab science
Acid
Acidic solution
Amphoteric
Base
Any chemical that donates a hydrogen ion, H+, to another subs…
The hydronium ion concentration is higher than the hydroxide…
A substance whose ability to behave as a base
Any chemical that accepts a hydrogen ion into its own structure
Acid
Any chemical that donates a hydrogen ion, H+, to another subs…
Acidic solution
The hydronium ion concentration is higher than the hydroxide…
Chemistry 1127
Basic Anhydride
Justus von Liebig
Bronsted and Lowry
Svante Arrhenius
Metal oxide that reacts with water to form a base
Stated that an acid contains hydrogen and reacts with certain…
Stated that an acid donates a proton to another substance
Formulated the traditional definition of an acid
Basic Anhydride
Metal oxide that reacts with water to form a base
Justus von Liebig
Stated that an acid contains hydrogen and reacts with certain…
16 terms
The Importance of Water
hydrogen bond
What happens when a hydrogen atom in o…
hydronium ion
hydroxide ion
-weak chemical bond ... -slightly positive hydrogen atom of a po…
A hydronium ion and a hydroxide ion are formed
molecule with extra proton (H+)
molecule that lost the proton (OH-)
hydrogen bond
-weak chemical bond ... -slightly positive hydrogen atom of a po…
What happens when a hydrogen atom in o…
A hydronium ion and a hydroxide ion are formed
13 terms
Ch. 24/25 - Maggie Veit
Solubility
Soluble
Insoluble
Precipitate
Ability for a solute to dissolve
If a solute is able to dissolve
If a solute can't dissolve
When saturated solute comes out of the solution
Solubility
Ability for a solute to dissolve
Soluble
If a solute is able to dissolve
13 terms
Chapter 24/25 Vocab
solubility
soluble
insoluble
precipitate
ability for solute to dissolve in a solvent
if solute with solubility in the solvent
not soluble
when solute comes out of the solution
solubility
ability for solute to dissolve in a solvent
soluble
if solute with solubility in the solvent
46 terms
Extra Chemistry Review Crank
Group (column)
hydrogen ion
hydrophilic
hydrophobic
Share valence electron #
a positively charged ion (H+) formed of a hydrogen atom that…
Water loving
Water fearing
Group (column)
Share valence electron #
hydrogen ion
a positively charged ion (H+) formed of a hydrogen atom that…
11 terms
Physical Science Vocab, hour 6, 4-8
Acid
acidic Solution
Amphoteric
Base
...
...
...
Any chemical that accepts a hydrogen ion concentration is hig…
Acid
...
acidic Solution
...
9 terms
SY2016-Biology I-Ch.3-Concept 3.3
hydrogen ion (H+)
hydroxide ion (OH−)
hydronium ion (H3O+)
dynamic equilibrium
The hydrogen atom leaves its electron behind and is transferr…
The molecule that lost the proton
The molecule with the extra proton... (it is often represented a…
water molecules dissociate at the same rate at which they are…
hydrogen ion (H+)
The hydrogen atom leaves its electron behind and is transferr…
hydroxide ion (OH−)
The molecule that lost the proton
36 terms
IONS
Chlorate ion
Chlorite ion
Nitrate ion
Acetate ion
ClO₃⁻
ClO₂⁻
NO₃⁻
C₂H₃O₂⁻
Chlorate ion
ClO₃⁻
Chlorite ion
ClO₂⁻
26 terms
BI6: Acids & Bases
acid-base reaction
electrolyte
nonelectrolyte
strong acid
the formation of a water molecule from a proton and hydroxide…
a solution that can conduct electricity
a solution that cannot conduct electricity
an acid that completely dissociates in water
acid-base reaction
the formation of a water molecule from a proton and hydroxide…
electrolyte
a solution that can conduct electricity
26 terms
BI6: Acids & Bases
acid-base reaction
electrolyte
nonelectrolyte
strong acid
the formation of a water molecule from a proton and hydroxide…
a solution that can conduct electricity
a solution that cannot conduct electricity
an acid that completely dissociates in water
acid-base reaction
the formation of a water molecule from a proton and hydroxide…
electrolyte
a solution that can conduct electricity
15 terms
Biochem properties of life
electrons
covalent bond
valence shell
hydrogen bond
(-) part of the atom, one of the 3 subatomic particles
sharing of electrons to make a full valence shell, (co-op)
stable outer electron shell of an element
"velcro" bonding of the biological world, +/- charge attraction
electrons
(-) part of the atom, one of the 3 subatomic particles
covalent bond
sharing of electrons to make a full valence shell, (co-op)
39 terms
Reactions of acids with bases
Na/Mg oxide + acid --->
Na₂O + H₂SO₄
MgO + HCl
Al₂O₃ is an ___ oxide because
salt + water
Na₂O + H₂SO₄ → Na₂SO₄ + H₂O
MgO + 2HCl → MgCl₂ + H₂O
amphoteric, it reacts with both acids and alkalis
Na/Mg oxide + acid --->
salt + water
Na₂O + H₂SO₄
Na₂O + H₂SO₄ → Na₂SO₄ + H₂O
36 terms
IONS
Chlorate ion
Chlorite ion
Nitrate ion
Acetate ion
ClO₃⁻
ClO₂⁻
NO₃⁻
C₂H₃O₂⁻
Chlorate ion
ClO₃⁻
Chlorite ion
ClO₂⁻
36 terms
IONS
Chlorate ion
Chlorite ion
Nitrate ion
Acetate ion
ClO₃⁻
ClO₂⁻
NO₃⁻
C₂H₃O₂⁻
Chlorate ion
ClO₃⁻
Chlorite ion
ClO₂⁻
36 terms
IONS
Chlorate ion
Chlorite ion
Nitrate ion
Acetate ion
ClO₃⁻
ClO₂⁻
NO₃⁻
C₂H₃O₂⁻
Chlorate ion
ClO₃⁻
Chlorite ion
ClO₂⁻
5 terms
1-13 Physical Science
dissociate
pH
pOH
hydronium
Ionic bond breaking down in water forming two ions
scale from 0-14 that measures Hydrogen ion concentration
scale that measures hydroxide ion concentration
An ion consisting of a proton combined with a molecule of wat…
dissociate
Ionic bond breaking down in water forming two ions
pH
scale from 0-14 that measures Hydrogen ion concentration
9 terms
chemical bs
acid
base
buffer
conjuate acid
Chemistry. a compound usually having a sour taste and capable…
donates hydroxide
an aqueous solution that has a highly stable pH. If you add a…
is the acid member, HX, of a pair of compounds that differ fr…
acid
Chemistry. a compound usually having a sour taste and capable…
base
donates hydroxide
34 terms
Chemistry
Matter
Element
Atoms
Nucleus
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Substance consisting of atoms which all have the same number…
Basic building blocks of matter
The central part of an atom that contains the protons and neu…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Element
Substance consisting of atoms which all have the same number…
16 terms
Chapter 3
Water molecule is a..
hydrogen bonds hold water molecules to…
Hydrophillic
Hydrophobic
Polar molecule
cohesion
Has an affinity for water
does not have an affinity for water
Water molecule is a..
Polar molecule
hydrogen bonds hold water molecules to…
cohesion
49 terms
Chemistry - The Acidic Environment
acid
base
indicator
neutralisation
a proton donor
a proton acceptor
a substance that in solution changes colour depending on whet…
the reaction between an acid and a base
acid
a proton donor
base
a proton acceptor
8 terms
chapter 21 - Acids and Bases Key Terms
Acid (Arrhenius Model)
Acid (Brønsted-Lowry model)
Base (Arrhenius model)
Base (Brønsted-Lowry model)
a substance that when added to water increases the concentrat…
anything that releases H1+ ions
The H1+ ion produced by an Arrhenius acid is always associate…
anything that accepts H1+ ions
Acid (Arrhenius Model)
a substance that when added to water increases the concentrat…
Acid (Brønsted-Lowry model)
anything that releases H1+ ions
7 terms
CHEM. Ch.9
acids
bases
neutralization reaction
conjugate base
proton donor; hydronium ion
proton acceptor; hydroxide ion
when a proton from an acid is combined with a hydroxide ion f…
after transferring a proton the acid is known as a...
acids
proton donor; hydronium ion
bases
proton acceptor; hydroxide ion
Unit 5 Acids and Bases
chemical analysis
indicator
pH scale
acid
use of chemical reactions to determine what a substance is ma…
substance that changes color when it reacts with a particular…
indicates the strength or acid of base
substance the easily forms hydronium ions by producing H+ ion…
chemical analysis
use of chemical reactions to determine what a substance is ma…
indicator
substance that changes color when it reacts with a particular…
14 terms
Yellowjackets Biology 2-3 Solutions
solution
solute
solvent
concentration
a MIXTURE in which one or more substances are uniformly distr…
the substance DISSOLVED in the solution
the SUBSTANCE in which the solute is dissolved
the MEASUREMENT of the amount of solute dissolved in a fixed…
solution
a MIXTURE in which one or more substances are uniformly distr…
solute
the substance DISSOLVED in the solution
40 terms
Chapter 2 Earth School Biology
Matter
Atoms
Nucleus
Electron
Everything that occupies space and has mass
simplest particle of an element
Composed of protons and neutrons
Negative particle that floats around the atom
Matter
Everything that occupies space and has mass
Atoms
simplest particle of an element
13 terms
Nick Flynn
Solubility
soluble
Insoluble
Precipitate
the ability to dissolve a solvent
dissolving a solvent
not ably to dissolve a solvent
a solute that has come out of a solution
Solubility
the ability to dissolve a solvent
soluble
dissolving a solvent
27 terms
Biology H 2.6, 2.8, 2.9, 2.10
enzyme
active site
enzyme/substrate complex
substrate
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
The part of an enzyme where the chemical reaction occurs.
When the substrate is combined with the enzyme and a reaction…
A specific reactant acted upon by an enzyme
enzyme
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
active site
The part of an enzyme where the chemical reaction occurs.
37 terms
Combo with "Ch 16 Chem" and 1 other
electrolyte
neutralization reaction
Arrhenius acid
Arrhenius base
any substance that ionizes in solution
reaction that produces water and salt from an acid and a base
ionize to release hydrogen ions in aqueous solution
substances that release hydroxide ions in an aqueous solution
electrolyte
any substance that ionizes in solution
neutralization reaction
reaction that produces water and salt from an acid and a base
13 terms
Kid friendly def
Solubility
Soluble
Insoluble
Precipitate
When solute can dissolve (bath bomb)
Capable of dissolving in a solvent
Not capable of dissolving in a solvent (brick)
A solute that came from a solution (distillation)
Solubility
When solute can dissolve (bath bomb)
Soluble
Capable of dissolving in a solvent
31 terms
Acids and Bases
Acid
Base
Arrhenius Acid
Arrhenius Base
conducts electricity in solution, tastes sour, feels watery,…
conducts electricity in solution, tastes bitter, feels slippe…
produces H+ ions in aqueous solution
produces OH- ions in aqueous solution
Acid
conducts electricity in solution, tastes sour, feels watery,…
Base
conducts electricity in solution, tastes bitter, feels slippe…
24 terms
Acids/Bases
ionization
hydrogen ion
hydronium ion
hydroxide ion
the process of forming ions
an atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron (H+)
a hydrogen atom bonded to a water molecule
an OH group that has gained an electron (OH-)
ionization
the process of forming ions
hydrogen ion
an atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron (H+)
19 terms
Ch. 3
Water
Polar covalent bond
Polar Molecule
Polarity
Biological medium on earth... -Only common substance to exist in…
Electrons are not shared equally
Chemical having opposite charges on different ends of its str…
Allows molecules to form hydrogen with each other
Water
Biological medium on earth... -Only common substance to exist in…
Polar covalent bond
Electrons are not shared equally
22 terms
Valency and Chemical Bonds
tendency to attract electrons
attractions between slightly positive/…
atoms have similar electro-negativitie…
atoms have dis-similar electro-negativ…
electronegativity
hydrogen bonds
non-polar covalent bond
polar covalent bond
tendency to attract electrons
electronegativity
attractions between slightly positive/…
hydrogen bonds
39 terms
Modern Chemistry Ch. 13, 14, 15
Dissociation
Ionization
Hydronium Ion
Strong Electrolyte
the temporary or reversible process in which a molecule or io…
The amount of energy required to remove an electron from an a…
hydrogen ion combines with a water molecule to form a hydroni…
Any compound whose dilute aqueous solutions conduct electrici…
Dissociation
the temporary or reversible process in which a molecule or io…
Ionization
The amount of energy required to remove an electron from an a…
14 terms
Vocabulary chapter 5
Molarity
Dissociation
Hydrophilic
Hydration shell
The M is the symbol for molarity
Separation of something
having a tendency to mix with, dissolve in, or be wetted by w…
A solvation shell is the solvent interface of any chemical co…
Molarity
The M is the symbol for molarity
Dissociation
Separation of something
18 terms
y12 acids and bases definitions
Acid
Base
H30+
OH-
A substance that can donate a proton
A substance that can accept a proton
Hydronium ion
Hydroxide ion
Acid
A substance that can donate a proton
Base
A substance that can accept a proton
22 terms
Unit 1-pH, Water properties
Polar Molecule
Cohesion
Adhesion
Surface Tension
A molecule (such as water) with opposite charges on different…
The binding together of like molecules, often by hydrogen bon…
The attraction between different kinds of molecules.
A measure of how difficult it is to stretch or break the surf…
Polar Molecule
A molecule (such as water) with opposite charges on different…
Cohesion
The binding together of like molecules, often by hydrogen bon…
39 terms
Chem Unit 11(p) - Acids and Bases (2014-15)
Acid
Base
Arrhenius Acid
Arrhenius Base
conducts electricity in solution, tastes sour, feels watery,…
conducts electricity in solution, tastes bitter, feels slippe…
produces H+ ions in aqueous solution
produces OH- ions in aqueous solution
Acid
conducts electricity in solution, tastes sour, feels watery,…
Base
conducts electricity in solution, tastes bitter, feels slippe…
37 terms
chapter 3; water and life
properties of water
significance of ice floating in water
van der waals
acid
cohesion, high surface tension, high heat capacity, varying d…
ice less dense than water, bodies of water would freeze solid…
changing areas of positive to negative enable atoms and molec…
ph 0, releases H+
properties of water
cohesion, high surface tension, high heat capacity, varying d…
significance of ice floating in water
ice less dense than water, bodies of water would freeze solid…
28 terms
Chp 3 Water and Life
Polar Molecule
Cohesion
Adhesion
Surface Tension
Opposite ends of the molecule have opposite charge
-hydrogen Bonds hold water together, a phenomenon. ... -The phe…
The clinging of one substance to another, also contributes, a…
A measure of the force necessary to stretch or break the surf…
Polar Molecule
Opposite ends of the molecule have opposite charge
Cohesion
-hydrogen Bonds hold water together, a phenomenon. ... -The phe…
11 terms
Chem
Arrhenius acid
Arrhenius base
Brønsted-Lowry acid
Bronsted-Lowry base
Chemical compound that increases the concentration of hydroge…
Substance that increases the concentration of hydroxide ions
A molecule or ion that is a proton donor
A molecule or ion that is a proton acceptor
Arrhenius acid
Chemical compound that increases the concentration of hydroge…
Arrhenius base
Substance that increases the concentration of hydroxide ions
15 terms
Chapter 22 Vocab.
Acid
Hydronium Ion
Indicator
Hydroxide Ion
A chemical substance that neutralizes alkalis, dissolves some…
The ion H3O+, consisting of a protonated water molecule and p…
A chemical compound that changes color and structure when exp…
Hydroxide is a diatomic anion with chemical formula OH−. It c…
Acid
A chemical substance that neutralizes alkalis, dissolves some…
Hydronium Ion
The ion H3O+, consisting of a protonated water molecule and p…
17 terms
ch.2-3
polar
hydrogen bond
cohesion
adhesion
describes a molecule with opposite charges on opposite ends
the force of attraction between a hydrogen molecule with a pa…
an attractive force that holds molecules of a single substanc…
the attractive force between 2 particles of different substan…
polar
describes a molecule with opposite charges on opposite ends
hydrogen bond
the force of attraction between a hydrogen molecule with a pa…
25 terms
General Biology Chp. 3
Water
Polar molecule
Polarity...
Four Emergent Properties of Water
The biological medium on Earth. Exists in three physical stat…
The overall charge is unevenly distributed. There are partial…
...allows water molecules to form hydrogen bonds with each ot…
Cohesive, Ability to moderate temp., expansion upon freezing,…
Water
The biological medium on Earth. Exists in three physical stat…
Polar molecule
The overall charge is unevenly distributed. There are partial…
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