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Study sets matching "term:learning perspective = observational learning, reinforcement, stimulus generalization, and fear conditioning."

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Study sets matching "term:learning perspective = observational learning, reinforcement, stimulus generalization, and fear conditioning."

32 terms
Learning
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
30 terms
Learning
Learning
Stimulus
Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
A relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience.
"A thing" that causes a response
Also known as learning
A person's old response is attached to a new stimulus.... The be…
Learning
A relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience.
Stimulus
"A thing" that causes a response
36 terms
Chapter 3 (Learning)
Cognition
Thinking
Learning
Memory
All mental activities associated with thinking, learning, kno…
Active manipulation of available information in the forms of…
The process of acquiring new and relatively enduring knowledg…
The persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
Cognition
All mental activities associated with thinking, learning, kno…
Thinking
Active manipulation of available information in the forms of…
46 terms
UNIT 6: LEARNING
learning
habituation
associative learning
stimulus
the process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
an organism's decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
any event or situation that evokes a response.
learning
the process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
habituation
an organism's decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated…
48 terms
Learning
Learning
Habituation
Associative Learning
Behaviorism
A change in behavior due to experience
decreasing response to a stimuli when repeatedly exposed to it.
learning that certain events occur together.
Psychology is an objective science, behavior is absent of men…
Learning
A change in behavior due to experience
Habituation
decreasing response to a stimuli when repeatedly exposed to it.
59 terms
Learning
behaviorism
learning
classical conditioning
operant conditioning
perspective in psychology that emphasizes how subjects learn…
relatively permanent change in organism's behavior due to exp…
type of associative learning in which the subject learns to r…
type of associative learning in which the subject learns a re…
behaviorism
perspective in psychology that emphasizes how subjects learn…
learning
relatively permanent change in organism's behavior due to exp…
56 terms
Psych - Ch. 4 - Basic processes of learning
Learning
Ivan Pavlov
Stimulus
Response
...
...
...
...
Learning
...
Ivan Pavlov
...
59 terms
Learning
behaviorism
learning
classical conditioning
operant conditioning
perspective in psychology that emphasizes how subjects learn…
relatively permanent change in organism's behavior due to exp…
type of associative learning in which the subject learns to r…
type of associative learning in which the subject learns a re…
behaviorism
perspective in psychology that emphasizes how subjects learn…
learning
relatively permanent change in organism's behavior due to exp…
59 terms
Learning
behaviorism
learning
classical conditioning
operant conditioning
perspective in psychology that emphasizes how subjects learn…
relatively permanent change in organism's behavior due to exp…
type of associative learning in which the subject learns to r…
type of associative learning in which the subject learns a re…
behaviorism
perspective in psychology that emphasizes how subjects learn…
learning
relatively permanent change in organism's behavior due to exp…
59 terms
Learning
behaviorism
learning
classical conditioning
operant conditioning
perspective in psychology that emphasizes how subjects learn…
relatively permanent change in organism's behavior due to exp…
type of associative learning in which the subject learns to r…
type of associative learning in which the subject learns a re…
behaviorism
perspective in psychology that emphasizes how subjects learn…
learning
relatively permanent change in organism's behavior due to exp…
59 terms
Learning
behaviorism
learning
classical conditioning
operant conditioning
perspective in psychology that emphasizes how subjects learn…
relatively permanent change in organism's behavior due to exp…
type of associative learning in which the subject learns to r…
type of associative learning in which the subject learns a re…
behaviorism
perspective in psychology that emphasizes how subjects learn…
learning
relatively permanent change in organism's behavior due to exp…
26 terms
Chapter 6: Learning
conditioning
classical conditioning
unconditioned stimulus
unconditioned response
a type of learning that involves stimulus-response connections
a simple form of learning in which one stimulus calls forth t…
a stimulus that causes a response that is automatic, not learn
an automatic response
conditioning
a type of learning that involves stimulus-response connections
classical conditioning
a simple form of learning in which one stimulus calls forth t…
26 terms
Learning
stimulus
classical conditioning
unconditioned stimulus
shaping
something that produces a reaction
a simple form of learning in which one stimulus elicits the r…
A stimulus that causes a response that is automatic, not lear…
an automatic response of a stimulus
stimulus
something that produces a reaction
classical conditioning
a simple form of learning in which one stimulus elicits the r…
63 terms
Chapter 5: Learning
Learning
Behaviorism
Phobia
Classical conditioning
Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by…
The psychological perspective that psychologists should focus…
An irrational fear of a specific object or situation
A type of learning that is involuntary; learning to involunta…
Learning
Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by…
Behaviorism
The psychological perspective that psychologists should focus…
29 terms
Learning
Learning
Classical Conditioning
Neutral Stimulus
Unconditioned Stimulus
...
...
...
...
Learning
...
Classical Conditioning
...
31 terms
Chapter 6 Learning
classical conditioning
unconditioned stimulus
unconditioned response
conditioned stimulus
A type of learning in which associations (connections) are ma…
A stimulus that evokes an unconditioned, unlearned response;…
Unlearned or involuntary response to an unconditioned stimulus
Neutral stimulus that, through repeated association with an u…
classical conditioning
A type of learning in which associations (connections) are ma…
unconditioned stimulus
A stimulus that evokes an unconditioned, unlearned response;…
38 terms
Learning
Types of learning
Habituation
classical conditioning
Unconditioned Stimulus
habituation, classical conditioning, operant conditioning, ob…
stop attending to a repeated stimulus
A type of learning in which you learn to link two or more sti…
...
Types of learning
habituation, classical conditioning, operant conditioning, ob…
Habituation
stop attending to a repeated stimulus
54 terms
Learning
learning
habituates
associative learning
stimulus
the process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
the process by which an organism's response to a stimulus dec…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
any event or situation that evokes a response (p.264)
learning
the process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
habituates
the process by which an organism's response to a stimulus dec…
7 terms
Learning/Mechanistic Perspective
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Positive Reinforcement
Negative Reinforcement
Pavlovian (neutral stimulus --> conditioned response)
Reinforcement (strengthen good behavior)/ Punishment (weaken…
presenting a positive stimulus (candy, stickers, praise)
Removing negative stimulus (no homework/test)
Classical Conditioning
Pavlovian (neutral stimulus --> conditioned response)
Operant Conditioning
Reinforcement (strengthen good behavior)/ Punishment (weaken…
59 terms
Chapter 8: Learning
behaviorism
learning
classical conditioning
operant conditioning
perspective in psychology that emphasizes how subjects learn…
relatively permanent change in organism's behavior due to exp…
type of associative learning in which the subject learns to r…
type of associative learning in which the subject learns a re…
behaviorism
perspective in psychology that emphasizes how subjects learn…
learning
relatively permanent change in organism's behavior due to exp…
40 terms
Learning
Classicaal conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Conditioned response
Conditioned stimulus
...
...
...
...
Classicaal conditioning
...
Operant Conditioning
...
52 terms
Learning Perspective
Learning:
Any kind of change in the way an organ…
We learn by association
Ivan Pavlov
any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by…
learning
Our minds naturally connect events that... occur in sequence
Russian physiologist (person who studies the workings of the…
Learning:
any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by…
Any kind of change in the way an organ…
learning
20 terms
Learning Perspective
Classical Conditioning by
Operant Conditioning by
Social Learning by
Classical Conditioning experiment
John B. Watson... Verified Ivan Pavlov's salivation experiment
B.F Skinner
Albert Bandura
Little baby Albert
Classical Conditioning by
John B. Watson... Verified Ivan Pavlov's salivation experiment
Operant Conditioning by
B.F Skinner
55 terms
Unit 7 - Learning
Learning
Habituation
Associative Learning
Stimulus
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
an organism's decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
Any event or situation that evokes a response
Learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Habituation
an organism's decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated…
59 terms
Learning
behaviorism
learning
classical conditioning
operant conditioning
perspective in psychology that emphasizes how subjects learn…
relatively permanent change in organism's behavior due to exp…
type of associative learning in which the subject learns to r…
type of associative learning in which the subject learns a re…
behaviorism
perspective in psychology that emphasizes how subjects learn…
learning
relatively permanent change in organism's behavior due to exp…
20 terms
LEARNING
Applied Behavior Analysis
Biological Preparedness
Behavior Modification
Continuous Reinforcement
Using successive shaping techniques to modify a behavior unti…
Learning certain associations very quickly for survival value…
Using operant conditioning to bring desired behavior... 1. Reinf…
Reinforcement of every and each correct response... 1. Giving ou…
Applied Behavior Analysis
Using successive shaping techniques to modify a behavior unti…
Biological Preparedness
Learning certain associations very quickly for survival value…
59 terms
Learning
behaviorism
learning
classical conditioning
operant conditioning
perspective in psychology that emphasizes how subjects learn…
relatively permanent change in organism's behavior due to exp…
type of associative learning in which the subject learns to r…
type of associative learning in which the subject learns a re…
behaviorism
perspective in psychology that emphasizes how subjects learn…
learning
relatively permanent change in organism's behavior due to exp…
34 terms
Chapter 6, Learning
Stimulus
Response
Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
Something that produces a reaction
Reaction
Learning
Form of learning in which one stimulus calls forth the respon…
Stimulus
Something that produces a reaction
Response
Reaction
41 terms
(Psychology 1) #5 Learning Unit
Learning
Pavlov
Classical Conditioning
Watson
a process that produces an enduring change... Process includes…
Develops the theory of Classical Conditioning
A type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
Develops the theory of Behaviorism by applying Classical Cond…
Learning
a process that produces an enduring change... Process includes…
Pavlov
Develops the theory of Classical Conditioning
54 terms
Learning
behaviorism
learning
classical conditioning
operant conditioning
perspective in psychology that emphasizes how subjects learn…
relatively permanent change in organism's behavior due to exp…
type of associative learning in which the subject learns to r…
type of associative learning in which the subject learns a re…
behaviorism
perspective in psychology that emphasizes how subjects learn…
learning
relatively permanent change in organism's behavior due to exp…
32 terms
Learning
learning
3 Major Types of Learning
Classical Conditioning
Ivan Pavlov
any relatively permanent change in behavior that results from…
1. Classical Conditioning... 2. Operant Conditioning... 3. Modeling
attaching an old response to a new stimulus
famous dog experiment
learning
any relatively permanent change in behavior that results from…
3 Major Types of Learning
1. Classical Conditioning... 2. Operant Conditioning... 3. Modeling
37 terms
Unit 3: Learning
Learning
Classical Conditioning
Neutral Stimulus
Unconditioned Stimulus
a relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience
a type of learning in which stimulus gains the power to cause…
stimulus before conditioning
a stimulus that triggers a response reflexively and automatic…
Learning
a relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience
Classical Conditioning
a type of learning in which stimulus gains the power to cause…
20 terms
Chapter 9: Learning
classical conditioning
neutral stimulus
unconditioned stimulus
unconditioned response
A learning procedure in which associations are made between a…
A stimulus that does not initially elicit effect any part of…
an event that elicits a certain predictable response typicall…
an organism's automatic (or natural) reaction to a stimulus
classical conditioning
A learning procedure in which associations are made between a…
neutral stimulus
A stimulus that does not initially elicit effect any part of…
20 terms
Chapter 9: Learning
classical conditioning
neutral stimulus
unconditioned stimulus
unconditioned response
A learning procedure in which associations are made between a…
A stimulus that does not initially elicit effect any part of…
an event that elicits a certain predictable response typicall…
an organism's automatic (or natural) reaction to a stimulus
classical conditioning
A learning procedure in which associations are made between a…
neutral stimulus
A stimulus that does not initially elicit effect any part of…
Learning
learning
associative learning
observational learning
classical conditioning
a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs through…
type of learning where a connection is made between 2 events…
type of learning where you learn by watching what others do
in associative learning; a learning process that occurs when…
learning
a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs through…
associative learning
type of learning where a connection is made between 2 events…
25 terms
General Psych:Learning
Classical conditioning
Operant conditioning
Ivan Pavlov
John Watson
A type of learning where an individual learns to have a respo…
A type of learning where behaviors are reinforced
Described process of classical conditioning after famous expe…
Early behaviorist; famous for the "Little Albert" experiments…
Classical conditioning
A type of learning where an individual learns to have a respo…
Operant conditioning
A type of learning where behaviors are reinforced
28 terms
Unit 7: Learning
Learning
Classical conditioning
UCS
UCR
The process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
A type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
Stimulus that naturally elicits a response... - food
The response elicited by the UCS... -salivation
Learning
The process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
Classical conditioning
A type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
41 terms
Ch. 6: Learning
Acquisition
Classical conditioning
Cognitive map
Cognitive-social theory
General classical conditioning when a neutral stimulus (NS) i…
Learning through involuntarily paired associations; it occurs…
A mental representation of something
A perspective that emphasizes the roles of thinking and socia…
Acquisition
General classical conditioning when a neutral stimulus (NS) i…
Classical conditioning
Learning through involuntarily paired associations; it occurs…
37 terms
Learning
"To Learn" Something
Reflex
Which would not be a Reflex... 1. Sneeze…
Habituation
Learning is any process through which experience at one time…
Simple, automatic response sequence mediated by the NS
3. I eat chocolate for days
Decrease in the magnitude of a response when a stimulus is re…
"To Learn" Something
Learning is any process through which experience at one time…
Reflex
Simple, automatic response sequence mediated by the NS
26 terms
Chapter 6 Terms: Learning
Habituation
Sensitization
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
a decrease in behavioral response following repeated exposure…
an increase in behavioral response following exposure to a th…
occurs when we learn that two types of events go together (Pa…
occurs when we learn that a behavior leads to a certain outco…
Habituation
a decrease in behavioral response following repeated exposure…
Sensitization
an increase in behavioral response following exposure to a th…
32 terms
Chapter 6: Learning
Taste aversion
Generalization
Counterconditioning
Systematic Desensitization
Form of classical conditioning in which a food comes to be av…
Act of responding in the same way to stimuli that seem similar
Method of overcoming fears by pairing a pleasing stimulus wit…
Method that involves relaxation and gradual exposure to a fea…
Taste aversion
Form of classical conditioning in which a food comes to be av…
Generalization
Act of responding in the same way to stimuli that seem similar
37 terms
Unit #5: Learning
"conditioned"
"unconditioned"
acquisition
Albert Bandura
learned
not learned
the initial stage of classical conditioning; phase that assoc…
Psychologist that conducted experiment with adults, children…
"conditioned"
learned
"unconditioned"
not learned
46 terms
UNIT 6: LEARNING
learning
habituation
associative learning
stimulus
the process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
an organism's decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
any event or situation that evokes a response.
learning
the process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
habituation
an organism's decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated…
23 terms
Chapter 6 vocab: Learning
Classical conditioning
Conditioned response
conditioned stimulus
counterconditioning
A simple form of learning in which one stimulus elicits the r…
A learned response to a stimulus that was previously neutral
A stimulus that causes a response that is learned
A method of reducing fears by repeatedly pairing a pleasant s…
Classical conditioning
A simple form of learning in which one stimulus elicits the r…
Conditioned response
A learned response to a stimulus that was previously neutral
30 terms
General Psychology - Learning
What are the Types of Learning?
Classical Conditioning ("Pavlovian" Co…
Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS)
Unconditioned Response (UCR)
1) Classical Conditioning... 2) Operant Conditioning... 3) Cognitiv…
one stimulus signals the arrival of another stimulus
the stimulus that elicits the reflexive response
the response automatically elicited by the UCS
What are the Types of Learning?
1) Classical Conditioning... 2) Operant Conditioning... 3) Cognitiv…
Classical Conditioning ("Pavlovian" Co…
one stimulus signals the arrival of another stimulus
28 terms
Learning (behaviorist perspective)
Ivan Pavlov
Reflex
Unconditioned Stimulus
Neutral Stimulus
Famous for naming and describing the process of classical con…
An involuntary and almost immediate movement in response to a…
A stimulus that elicits an unconditioned response (food [US]…
in classical conditioning, a stimulus that elicits no respons…
Ivan Pavlov
Famous for naming and describing the process of classical con…
Reflex
An involuntary and almost immediate movement in response to a…
Unit 4: Learning
conditioning
classical conditioning
unconditioned stimulus
unconditioned response
a type of learning that involves stimulus-response connections.
simple form of learning in which one stimulus calls forth the…
a stimulus that causes a response that is automatic, not lear…
an automatic response to an unconditioned stimulus
conditioning
a type of learning that involves stimulus-response connections.
classical conditioning
simple form of learning in which one stimulus calls forth the…
31 terms
Learning
Learning
Classical Conditioning
Stimulus
Reponse
...
...
...
...
Learning
...
Classical Conditioning
...
23 terms
Learning
Unconditioned Stimuli
Ivan Pavlov
Little Albert
Token Economies
A stimulus that causes a response that is automatic, not lear…
Discovered classical conditioning; trained dogs to salivate a…
Subject in John Watson's experiment, proved classical conditi…
People are "paid" to act correctly by earning rewards that ca…
Unconditioned Stimuli
A stimulus that causes a response that is automatic, not lear…
Ivan Pavlov
Discovered classical conditioning; trained dogs to salivate a…
32 terms
Psych Learning & conditioning
Learning
Nonassociative Learning
Habituation
Sensitization
A relatively enduring change in behavior resulting from exper…
Learning about stimulus in the external world (sight/sound).
A decrease in behavioral response after repeated stimulus
An increase in response after stimulus.
Learning
A relatively enduring change in behavior resulting from exper…
Nonassociative Learning
Learning about stimulus in the external world (sight/sound).
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