How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "term:lipids 1 = the most abundant dietary lipids, triglycerides, are found in both animal and plant foods"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "term:lipids 1 = the most abundant dietary lipids, triglycerides, are found in both animal and plant foods"

30 terms
lipids
lipids
C H O with a higher ratio of carbon an…
they store energy in the bonds between…
true
large nonpolar organic molecules that do NOT dissolve in water
lipids are similar to carbs because they are made of...
lipids store energy efficiently because...
T/F lipids are polymers
lipids
large nonpolar organic molecules that do NOT dissolve in water
C H O with a higher ratio of carbon an…
lipids are similar to carbs because they are made of...
41 terms
Lipids
fatty acid
fatty acid
fatty acid
fatty acid
Composed of a carboxylic acid with a long unbranched hydrocar…
Precursor to other lipids
Usually between 12-20 carbons in a linear chain
2 categories: unsaturated and saturated
fatty acid
Composed of a carboxylic acid with a long unbranched hydrocar…
fatty acid
Precursor to other lipids
96 terms
9 - Lipids
Lipids are very diverse molecules rela…
Lipids are primarily
Lipids form
Do lipids form polymers?
their by their hydrophobic properties
hydrophobic
large aggregates
No.
Lipids are very diverse molecules rela…
their by their hydrophobic properties
Lipids are primarily
hydrophobic
124 terms
Biochem Wk 10 >> Final
The most abundant dietary lipids, _, a…
Fatty acids are essentially_ structures.
Essential fatty acids - _&_, are fou…
What do fatty deposits in adipose tiss…
triglycerides... Most common type of dietary lipid. Structurall…
Fatty acids are essentially hydrocarbon structures. ... "satura…
linoleic and linolenic acid... vegetables... Anything that's "…
-A protective cushion around body organs... -An *insulating la…
The most abundant dietary lipids, _, a…
triglycerides... Most common type of dietary lipid. Structurall…
Fatty acids are essentially_ structures.
Fatty acids are essentially hydrocarbon structures. ... "satura…
24 terms
Exam 2- Lipids
Common properties
Lipids
Fatty Acids
Chain length
essential nutrient that provides energy and helps transport f…
triglycerides, phospholipids, sterols
determine the characteristics of a fat: solid or liquid at ro…
the number of carbons in the chain- the shorter the carbon ch…
Common properties
essential nutrient that provides energy and helps transport f…
Lipids
triglycerides, phospholipids, sterols
22 terms
Lipids
Functions of Fat in the Body
Describe the different types, structur…
Types of Fats
Triglycerides
a. provide cushioning for organs... b. store energy... c. insulatio…
a. Triglycerides... b. Sterols... c. Phospholipids
1. Triglycerides... 2. Sterols... 3. Phospholipids... (Monounsaturate…
3 Fatty acids and 1 glycerol molecule
Functions of Fat in the Body
a. provide cushioning for organs... b. store energy... c. insulatio…
Describe the different types, structur…
a. Triglycerides... b. Sterols... c. Phospholipids
119 terms
lipids
lipids are defined as
3 classes of lipids
simple lipid
compound lipids
biomolecules that are H₂0 insoluble and organic solvent soluble
1) simple... 2) compound ... 3) derived
fatty acids (FAs)... triglycerides (3FA + glycerol backbone)... d…
esters of FAs w/R-OH+ additional groups-3 types:... 1) phospholi…
lipids are defined as
biomolecules that are H₂0 insoluble and organic solvent soluble
3 classes of lipids
1) simple... 2) compound ... 3) derived
71 terms
Ans- Week 6
Fats contain
Fats are formed by
Dietary lipids increase
Dietary lipids serve as a
2.25 times as much energy per lb or kg as than do carbohydrat…
the combination of fatty acids with glycerol
energy density of feeds
structural components of cells
Fats contain
2.25 times as much energy per lb or kg as than do carbohydrat…
Fats are formed by
the combination of fatty acids with glycerol
10 terms
Lipids 1 bio
Properties od lipids
Hydrophobic
Fats and oils
Fats
Macromolecules in cels, heterogenious, non polar, and many co…
Hates water
Most abundant natural lipid
Solid at room temp. Animal sources
Properties od lipids
Macromolecules in cels, heterogenious, non polar, and many co…
Hydrophobic
Hates water
47 terms
Nutrition Lecture 5- Lipids
4 functions of lipids
3 classifications of lipids
Triglycerides are broken into
Sterols include
Structure, Insulation, Energy and Protection
Triglycerides, sterols, phospholipids
fats and oils (mono, poly and saturated)
cholesterol
4 functions of lipids
Structure, Insulation, Energy and Protection
3 classifications of lipids
Triglycerides, sterols, phospholipids
29 terms
Ch. 13 - Lipids
Lipids
Triglyceride
Simple Lipid
Unsaturated Fatty Acids
A heterogenous class of naturally occurring organic compounds…
A triester of glycerol with three fatty acids.
A triglyceride with three fatty acids.
Liquid fats at room temperature, contains one or more double…
Lipids
A heterogenous class of naturally occurring organic compounds…
Triglyceride
A triester of glycerol with three fatty acids.
49 terms
Chapter 4 Lipids
Lipids
Lipid 1 : Triglyceroids
fatty acids
Length of fatty acids in triglyceroids
- a diverse group of molecules and found in all living organi…
* most common type of lipid we consume ... * chemically known as…
* hydrocarbons made up of carbon + hydrogen atoms
* short chains : 6 or less carbons... * medium chains : 6 - 12 c…
Lipids
- a diverse group of molecules and found in all living organi…
Lipid 1 : Triglyceroids
* most common type of lipid we consume ... * chemically known as…
107 terms
Chapter 9: Lipids & Membranes
Fatty acids
Phospholipids
Glycosphingolipids
Isoprenoids
Simplest lipids that have the general R formula
Lipids containing phosphate groups
Lipids containing both sphingosine and carbohydrate groups
Steroids, lipid vitamins, and terpenes (related to the five-c…
Fatty acids
Simplest lipids that have the general R formula
Phospholipids
Lipids containing phosphate groups
19 terms
Biochemistry- lipids
Fats
Plants
Glycerol
Oils
Lipids include these... Animals... Saturated triglycerides... Solid…
Oils are most commonly found in
One component of triglycerides... Head of lipid
Lipids include these... Plants... Unsaturated triglycerides... Liqu…
Fats
Lipids include these... Animals... Saturated triglycerides... Solid…
Plants
Oils are most commonly found in
102 terms
Nutrition exam 2
Family of lipids
most abundant fat in foods and in the…
Triglycerides contain
Essential fatty acdis
o Triglycerides ... o Phospholipids... o Sterols
Triglycerides
1 glycerol and three fatty acids
saturated and unsaturated fats
Family of lipids
o Triglycerides ... o Phospholipids... o Sterols
most abundant fat in foods and in the…
Triglycerides
35 terms
lipids
lipids
non-polar hydrocarbons
a head... 1-3 fatty acid tails
a carboxyl group
non-polar hydrocarbons also known as fats that usually have a…
what kind of molecule makes up a lipid (what kind of molecule…
all lipid have these two things
what is located at the top of each tail
lipids
non-polar hydrocarbons also known as fats that usually have a…
non-polar hydrocarbons
what kind of molecule makes up a lipid (what kind of molecule…
48 terms
lipids
fatty acids
monounsaturated fatty acids
polyunsaturated fatty acids
saturated fatty acids
major source of energy: monounsat, polyunsat, sat.
one double bond, less hydrogen atoms. olives avocados, some n…
more than one double bond. vegetable oils
fully hydrogenated. animal origin. tropical oils. no double b…
fatty acids
major source of energy: monounsat, polyunsat, sat.
monounsaturated fatty acids
one double bond, less hydrogen atoms. olives avocados, some n…
28 terms
Lipids
types of lipids
triglycerides
phospolipids
sterols
- triglycerides... - phospholipids... - sterols
- most common lipid... - plant and animal origin... - glycerol + 3…
- 2% of all dietary lipids... - soluble in fat and water... - major…
- <2% of all dietary lipids... - ex. cholesterol... - precursor to…
types of lipids
- triglycerides... - phospholipids... - sterols
triglycerides
- most common lipid... - plant and animal origin... - glycerol + 3…
59 terms
NUTR 203 Lipids (Exam 1)
insoluble
triglycerides, phospholipids, sterols
triglycerides
fats
lipids are ___ in H2O
lipids include: (3)
what is the major form of fat? (most abundant in food and hum…
lipids that are solid at room temperature (butter)
insoluble
lipids are ___ in H2O
triglycerides, phospholipids, sterols
lipids include: (3)
47 terms
Lipids and Lipoproteins CH 15
Chylomicrons do what?
VLDL do what?
HDL do what?
4 Major lipids
carry triglycerides to the liver for deposit and storage
carry triglycerides from the liver to the cells for energy as…
gathers up extra cholesterol to transport back to the liver
Triglycerides... Phospholipids... Cholesterol... Glycolipids... all serve…
Chylomicrons do what?
carry triglycerides to the liver for deposit and storage
VLDL do what?
carry triglycerides from the liver to the cells for energy as…
24 terms
Lipids
Are lipids hydrophilic or hydrophobic?
Are lipids polar or nonpolar?
Can lipids dissolve in water?
Examples of lipids
Hydrophobic
Nonpolar
No
fats, phospholipids, and steroids
Are lipids hydrophilic or hydrophobic?
Hydrophobic
Are lipids polar or nonpolar?
Nonpolar
59 terms
NUTR 203 Lipids (Exam 1)
insoluble
triglycerides, phospholipids, sterols
triglycerides
fats
lipids are ___ in H2O
lipids include: (3)
what is the major form of fat? (most abundant in food and hum…
lipids that are solid at room temperature (butter)
insoluble
lipids are ___ in H2O
triglycerides, phospholipids, sterols
lipids include: (3)
12 terms
Animal science chapter 3
the lipid in the cell membrane
firm, water repellent lipids found in…
cholesterol belongs in this class
may be either saturated or unsaturated
phospholipids
waxes
steroid
fats
the lipid in the cell membrane
phospholipids
firm, water repellent lipids found in…
waxes
37 terms
Chemistry Lipid Test
Lipids a.k.a
These constitutes the bodies supply of…
_________ carry dietary triglycerides…
These carry triglycerides from the liv…
fats
lipoproteins
chylomicrons
VLDL (very low density lipoprotein)
Lipids a.k.a
fats
These constitutes the bodies supply of…
lipoproteins
34 terms
Power point #4 (Lipids) Animal Nutrition
Function of lipids
What is a lipid
Glycerol
Triglyceride
-Absorption of fat-soluble nutrients by the body... -Structural…
Glycerol+Fatty acids... -insoluble in water ... -Soluble in organic…
-A simple sugar alcohol... -Glycerol is soluble in water... -The ce…
1 Glycerol + 3 Fatty Acids... -Highly concentrated stores of ene…
Function of lipids
-Absorption of fat-soluble nutrients by the body... -Structural…
What is a lipid
Glycerol+Fatty acids... -insoluble in water ... -Soluble in organic…
45 terms
Nutrition Chapter 5: Lipids
Lipids
Fat
Sources of fat
America's changing fat intake
substances that do not dissolve in water
-fats contribute to food texture, flavor, and aroma... -fats are…
animal products (cheese, meat, diary), plant sources, "hidden…
eating patterns in the past 40 years have changed- total ener…
Lipids
substances that do not dissolve in water
Fat
-fats contribute to food texture, flavor, and aroma... -fats are…
74 terms
Biological Molecules (Proteins, carbs, lipids, nucleic acids)
Most abundant carbon compounds in livi…
Comprise 2% of cell mass
Provide major source of energy
Monosaccharides are simple sugars that…
Carbs
Carbs
Carbs
Carbs
Most abundant carbon compounds in livi…
Carbs
Comprise 2% of cell mass
Carbs
71 terms
Ap2 ex4
Amenorrhea
Dysmenorrhea
Oligomenorrhea
Menorrhagia
Cessation of menses
Uterine pain during menstruation
Diminished flow
Excessive menstruation
Amenorrhea
Cessation of menses
Dysmenorrhea
Uterine pain during menstruation
33 terms
Lipids
cholesterol
chylomicron
dietary fat
docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
a sterol that is produced by the body; it is a critical compo…
a very large lipoprotein that transports triglycerides and ot…
compound found in plant and animal foods that is as an energy…
a 22-carbon omega-3 fatty acid that can be produced in the bo…
cholesterol
a sterol that is produced by the body; it is a critical compo…
chylomicron
a very large lipoprotein that transports triglycerides and ot…
58 terms
Chapter 6: The Lipids
Greeks
Inuits (in Denmark)
Lipids
Dietary Fat
Mediterranean diet high in fat, low risk of heart disease
Raw, slippery seal orgs full of fat and cholesterol, ideal of…
Group of naturally occurring molecules that are general insol…
Compound found in plant and animal foods that serves as a sou…
Greeks
Mediterranean diet high in fat, low risk of heart disease
Inuits (in Denmark)
Raw, slippery seal orgs full of fat and cholesterol, ideal of…
59 terms
Lipids
A heterogeneous class of naturally occ…
Are lipids soluble or insoluble?
Functions of Lipids-... Storage of Energy
Functions of lipids-... Cell membrane co…
Lipids
Insoluble
Triglycerides
1. Phosphoglycerides... 2. Sphingomyelin... 3. Cholesterol
A heterogeneous class of naturally occ…
Lipids
Are lipids soluble or insoluble?
Insoluble
12 terms
Biology Unit 1 Section 3 : Lipids
lipids
types of lipids
fatty acids
fatty acid properties
non polar ,organic molecules... do not dissolve in water
triglycerides ... phospholipids ... steroids... waxes... pigments
unbranched carbon chains, make up most lipids... contain a long…
two ends have different properties ... carboxyl end is hydrophil…
lipids
non polar ,organic molecules... do not dissolve in water
types of lipids
triglycerides ... phospholipids ... steroids... waxes... pigments
18 terms
CHAPTER 5: LIPIDS
3 TYPES OF LIPIDS
TRIGLYCERIDE
PHOSPHOLIPDS
STEROLS
Triglyceride, Phospholipids, Sterols
Most prevalent lipid in our diet, consists of 3 fatty acids a…
Type of liquid that includes a phosphorus atom... Can mix in bot…
In plants and animals
3 TYPES OF LIPIDS
Triglyceride, Phospholipids, Sterols
TRIGLYCERIDE
Most prevalent lipid in our diet, consists of 3 fatty acids a…
41 terms
Lipids
Lipids are defined by
Lipids function as:
Examples of Lipids
Fatty Acids
their low solubility in water and high solubility in organic…
(1) energy storage (2) components of biological membranes (3)…
fats, oils, some vitamins and hormones, membrane functions
Composed of a long hydrocarbon chain ("tail") with a carboxyl…
Lipids are defined by
their low solubility in water and high solubility in organic…
Lipids function as:
(1) energy storage (2) components of biological membranes (3)…
103 terms
NTDT #2
Family of Lipids
Triglycerides
Fatty acids
Fatty Acids saturation
Triglycerides: most abundant fat found in body and foods... Phos…
1 glycerol and 3 fatty acids
even number of carbons. can be saturated or unsaturated. Omeg…
Saturated: full of hydrogens... Unsaturated: Missing hydrogens
Family of Lipids
Triglycerides: most abundant fat found in body and foods... Phos…
Triglycerides
1 glycerol and 3 fatty acids
20 terms
Lipids
Function of Lipids
Facts of Lipids
Fatty Acids
Amphipathic
*store energy from metabolism of food; mainly lipids with hyd…
Poorly soluble in water but highly soluble in nonpolar solven…
monocarboxylic acids with long hydrocarbon side chains... most c…
are fatty acids amphipathic or hydrophobic
Function of Lipids
*store energy from metabolism of food; mainly lipids with hyd…
Facts of Lipids
Poorly soluble in water but highly soluble in nonpolar solven…
23 terms
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Glucose
Disaccharides
provides living things with ... ENERGY
simple sugars ... single chain or single ring ... "one sugar"
Most carbohydrates— ... ultimately converted... BLOOD SUGAR
Double sugar... Joined by dehydration synthesis
Carbohydrates
provides living things with ... ENERGY
Monosaccharides
simple sugars ... single chain or single ring ... "one sugar"
69 terms
Lipids
Too much/wrong type of a lipid leads t…
Too little of a lipid can lead to...
Benefits of Lipids
Fat Digestion: Liver
Increase body weight ... (chronic disease)... Cardiovascular diseas…
Decrease absorption of fat-soluble vitamins... Slow growth... Impai…
- aids in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins... - provides f…
Produces bile which is stored in the gall bladder
Too much/wrong type of a lipid leads t…
Increase body weight ... (chronic disease)... Cardiovascular diseas…
Too little of a lipid can lead to...
Decrease absorption of fat-soluble vitamins... Slow growth... Impai…
23 terms
Lipids
Types of lipids
Triglycerides
Triglycerides structure
Fatty acids of different lengths
triglycerides, phospholipids, sterols
most common lipid in food and body
esterification -joining 3 fatty acids to a glycerol unit... de-e…
long chain: 12 or more carbons... medium chain: 6-10 carbons... sho…
Types of lipids
triglycerides, phospholipids, sterols
Triglycerides
most common lipid in food and body
11 terms
Lipids
Triglycerides
Saturated fats
unsaturated fats
Trans fats
are the most abundant of the fats
come from animal products like meat and dairy
come from nuts, oils and vegetables
are found in margarine and solid shortnening
Triglycerides
are the most abundant of the fats
Saturated fats
come from animal products like meat and dairy
51 terms
Lipids- nutrition
Characteristics of lipids
Functions of lipids
Animal food source (lipids)
Plant food source (lipids)
Very greasy, composed of C,H,O, less oxygen atoms
V-vitamins K,A,D,E, I-insulate, P-protect, E-energy(#2 source…
Fatty meats and fish, dairy products, whole milk, egg yolk
Veg. Oil\ margarine, nuts and olives, chocolate, avocados
Characteristics of lipids
Very greasy, composed of C,H,O, less oxygen atoms
Functions of lipids
V-vitamins K,A,D,E, I-insulate, P-protect, E-energy(#2 source…
47 terms
lipids
lipids
fatty acids
importance of lipids
importance of lipids
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen which are insoluble in water
the most basic unit of lipids; includes triglycerides and pho…
concentrated source of energy; aids in absorption of fat-solu…
spares protein
lipids
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen which are insoluble in water
fatty acids
the most basic unit of lipids; includes triglycerides and pho…
72 terms
Lipids
Lipids role
lipids involved in the development of…
lipids are compounds that are
lipids after hydrolysis yield
-energy source... -hormones... -helps with digestion
atherosclerosis... -myocardial infarction... -strokes
insoluble in water.
-fatty acids and alcohols
Lipids role
-energy source... -hormones... -helps with digestion
lipids involved in the development of…
atherosclerosis... -myocardial infarction... -strokes
423 terms
Exam 3
carbs lipids proteins vitamins mineral…
HCO3-<22 pH<7.4
HCO3->26 pH>7.4
PCO2>45 ph<7.4
major nutrients (6)
metabolic acidosis
metabolic alkolosis
respiratory acidosis
carbs lipids proteins vitamins mineral…
major nutrients (6)
HCO3-<22 pH<7.4
metabolic acidosis
29 terms
Lipids
Dietary Fats
Qualities that Triglyceride Possesses
Antioxidant
Small Intestine
Carry fat-soluble vitamins to the small intestine. ... Aid in th…
They are the body's main storage form of energy. ... They are st…
Is compound that protects other compounds, such as unsaturate…
Fat digestion occurs mostly.
Dietary Fats
Carry fat-soluble vitamins to the small intestine. ... Aid in th…
Qualities that Triglyceride Possesses
They are the body's main storage form of energy. ... They are st…
147 terms
Chapter 24
carbs lipids proteins vitamins mineral…
transamination
oxidative deamination
keto acid modification
major nutrients (6)
amine group is switched from an amino acid to keto acid
amine group of glutamic acid is removed as ammonia ad combine…
needed for keto acids to enter kreb cycle
carbs lipids proteins vitamins mineral…
major nutrients (6)
transamination
amine group is switched from an amino acid to keto acid
biochemistry 4
lipids
lipids contain only
the ratio of h to o is
importance of lipids:
a molecule that contains long hydrocarbon chains and they don…
c, h, o
much higher than 2:1
cell membranes, stored energy for cells
lipids
a molecule that contains long hydrocarbon chains and they don…
lipids contain only
c, h, o
86 terms
Lipids Biochemistry
In what solvents are lipids soluble?
Lipid Functions?
Describe Vitamins DEAK
Describe Stearic?
In organic solvents (non-polar solvents)
1. Dietary Energy Source... 2. Adipose Energy Stores... 3. Amphipat…
D=Bones.teeth... E=anti-oxidant, live forever... A=Vision... K=blood c…
18:0
In what solvents are lipids soluble?
In organic solvents (non-polar solvents)
Lipid Functions?
1. Dietary Energy Source... 2. Adipose Energy Stores... 3. Amphipat…
57 terms
ch5 study guide lipids
Characteristics of lipids and where th…
Three types of lipids
Triglycerides
Tryglycerides
. waxy, greasy, oily compounds; ... found in plants and animals
Lipid, Phospholipid, Steroid
Fats, Oils and waxes are what types of lipid
Type of lipid that consist of three fatty acids attatched to…
Characteristics of lipids and where th…
. waxy, greasy, oily compounds; ... found in plants and animals
Three types of lipids
Lipid, Phospholipid, Steroid
47 terms
DUBARD LIPIDS AND CELLS TEST
What can lipids also be called?
Why do living things make lipids?
Fatty Acids
What are the 2 categories of fatty aci…
a fat, oil, or wax
for a water barrier
-any molecule that has a fatty acid is classified as a lipid…
unsaturated and saturated fats
What can lipids also be called?
a fat, oil, or wax
Why do living things make lipids?
for a water barrier
1 of 10