Study sets matching "term:lipids 1 = the most abundant dietary lipids, triglycerides, are found in both animal and plant foods"

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Study sets matching "term:lipids 1 = the most abundant dietary lipids, triglycerides, are found in both animal and plant foods"

6 terms
24) Lipids
Triglycerides
Essential Fatty Acids
Dietary Fats
Fatty Deposits
Most abundant dietary lipids... Found in animal and plant foods
Lineolic and Lineolenic acid... Found in most vegetables... Must be…
Help absorb vitamins... Major energy fuel of hepatocytes and ske…
In Adipose tissue... Provide protective cushion around organs, i…
Triglycerides
Most abundant dietary lipids... Found in animal and plant foods
Essential Fatty Acids
Lineolic and Lineolenic acid... Found in most vegetables... Must be…
30 terms
lipids
lipids
C H O with a higher ratio of carbon an…
they store energy in the bonds between…
true
large nonpolar organic molecules that do NOT dissolve in water
lipids are similar to carbs because they are made of...
lipids store energy efficiently because...
T/F lipids are polymers
lipids
large nonpolar organic molecules that do NOT dissolve in water
C H O with a higher ratio of carbon an…
lipids are similar to carbs because they are made of...
41 terms
Lipids
fatty acid
fatty acid
fatty acid
fatty acid
Composed of a carboxylic acid with a long unbranched hydrocar…
Precursor to other lipids
Usually between 12-20 carbons in a linear chain
2 categories: unsaturated and saturated
fatty acid
Composed of a carboxylic acid with a long unbranched hydrocar…
fatty acid
Precursor to other lipids
96 terms
9 - Lipids
Lipids are very diverse molecules rela…
Lipids are primarily
Lipids form
Do lipids form polymers?
their by their hydrophobic properties
hydrophobic
large aggregates
No.
Lipids are very diverse molecules rela…
their by their hydrophobic properties
Lipids are primarily
hydrophobic
Lipids
Functions of Fat in the Body
Describe the different types, structur…
Types of Fats
Triglycerides
a. provide cushioning for organs... b. store energy... c. insulatio…
a. Triglycerides... b. Sterols... c. Phospholipids
1. Triglycerides... 2. Sterols... 3. Phospholipids... (Monounsaturate…
3 Fatty acids and 1 glycerol molecule
Functions of Fat in the Body
a. provide cushioning for organs... b. store energy... c. insulatio…
Describe the different types, structur…
a. Triglycerides... b. Sterols... c. Phospholipids
Chapter 6-Lipids
Atherosclerosis
Amphipathic
LDL Receptor
Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
A narrowing and stiffening of blood vessels due to plaque bui…
A characteristic of a substance that contains for hydrophilic…
A specialized type of protein, located on cell membranes, tha…
Disease of the heart of vascular system
Atherosclerosis
A narrowing and stiffening of blood vessels due to plaque bui…
Amphipathic
A characteristic of a substance that contains for hydrophilic…
24 terms
Exam 2- Lipids
Common properties
Lipids
Fatty Acids
Chain length
essential nutrient that provides energy and helps transport f…
triglycerides, phospholipids, sterols
determine the characteristics of a fat: solid or liquid at ro…
the number of carbons in the chain- the shorter the carbon ch…
Common properties
essential nutrient that provides energy and helps transport f…
Lipids
triglycerides, phospholipids, sterols
Lipids
Lipids
True fats (neutral fats)
Fat depot of the animal body
Compound fats
organic substances made up of fatty acids their naturally evi…
generally constitue the storage material for energgy in both…
largely made up of excess of fats derived from ingest foods.…
are more often closely associated with the vital process.
Lipids
organic substances made up of fatty acids their naturally evi…
True fats (neutral fats)
generally constitue the storage material for energgy in both…
28 terms
Lipids
types of lipids
triglycerides
phospolipids
sterols
- triglycerides... - phospholipids... - sterols
- most common lipid... - plant and animal origin... - glycerol + 3…
- 2% of all dietary lipids... - soluble in fat and water... - major…
- <2% of all dietary lipids... - ex. cholesterol... - precursor to…
types of lipids
- triglycerides... - phospholipids... - sterols
triglycerides
- most common lipid... - plant and animal origin... - glycerol + 3…
10 terms
Lipids 1 bio
Properties od lipids
Hydrophobic
Fats and oils
Fats
Macromolecules in cels, heterogenious, non polar, and many co…
Hates water
Most abundant natural lipid
Solid at room temp. Animal sources
Properties od lipids
Macromolecules in cels, heterogenious, non polar, and many co…
Hydrophobic
Hates water
38 terms
C and P: Lipids
T of F: Groups that make up lipids inc…
Hyrolyzable Lipids include Triacylglyc…
__________ are animal fats such as but…
Phosphatides, plasmalogens, and sphing…
True
Triacylglycerides... Phospholipids... Cerebrosides (glycolipids)
Triacylglycerols (triglycerides)... Solid... Liquid
Phospholipids
T of F: Groups that make up lipids inc…
True
Hyrolyzable Lipids include Triacylglyc…
Triacylglycerides... Phospholipids... Cerebrosides (glycolipids)
49 terms
Chapter 4 Lipids
Lipids
Lipid 1 : Triglyceroids
fatty acids
Length of fatty acids in triglyceroids
- a diverse group of molecules and found in all living organi…
* most common type of lipid we consume ... * chemically known as…
* hydrocarbons made up of carbon + hydrogen atoms
* short chains : 6 or less carbons... * medium chains : 6 - 12 c…
Lipids
- a diverse group of molecules and found in all living organi…
Lipid 1 : Triglyceroids
* most common type of lipid we consume ... * chemically known as…
35 terms
lipids
lipids
non-polar hydrocarbons
a head... 1-3 fatty acid tails
a carboxyl group
non-polar hydrocarbons also known as fats that usually have a…
what kind of molecule makes up a lipid (what kind of molecule…
all lipid have these two things
what is located at the top of each tail
lipids
non-polar hydrocarbons also known as fats that usually have a…
non-polar hydrocarbons
what kind of molecule makes up a lipid (what kind of molecule…
Ch. 13 - Lipids
Lipids
Triglyceride
Simple Lipid
Unsaturated Fatty Acids
A heterogenous class of naturally occurring organic compounds…
A triester of glycerol with three fatty acids.
A triglyceride with three fatty acids.
Liquid fats at room temperature, contains one or more double…
Lipids
A heterogenous class of naturally occurring organic compounds…
Triglyceride
A triester of glycerol with three fatty acids.
33 terms
Lipids
cholesterol
chylomicron
dietary fat
docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
a sterol that is produced by the body; it is a critical compo…
a very large lipoprotein that transports triglycerides and ot…
compound found in plant and animal foods that is as an energy…
a 22-carbon omega-3 fatty acid that can be produced in the bo…
cholesterol
a sterol that is produced by the body; it is a critical compo…
chylomicron
a very large lipoprotein that transports triglycerides and ot…
124 terms
Biochem Wk 10 >> Final
The most abundant dietary lipids, _, a…
Fatty acids are essentially_ structures.
Essential fatty acids - _&_, are fou…
What do fatty deposits in adipose tiss…
triglycerides... Most common type of dietary lipid. Structurall…
Fatty acids are essentially hydrocarbon structures. ... "satura…
linoleic and linolenic acid... vegetables... Anything that's "…
-A protective cushion around body organs... -An *insulating la…
The most abundant dietary lipids, _, a…
triglycerides... Most common type of dietary lipid. Structurall…
Fatty acids are essentially_ structures.
Fatty acids are essentially hydrocarbon structures. ... "satura…
50 terms
Ch. 5 Lipids, Triglycerides, Phospholipids, & Cholesterol
triglycerides
triglycerides
stomach
duodenum
the most abundant lipids or fats found in food are _____
enzymes called lipases break down _____
a small amount of lipid is hydrolyzed in the _____ during dig…
during lipid digestion, in the _____, triglycerides interact…
triglycerides
the most abundant lipids or fats found in food are _____
triglycerides
enzymes called lipases break down _____
lipids
lipids are defined as
3 classes of lipids
simple lipid
compound lipids
biomolecules that are H₂0 insoluble and organic solvent soluble
1) simple... 2) compound ... 3) derived
fatty acids (FAs)... triglycerides (3FA + glycerol backbone)... d…
esters of FAs w/R-OH+ additional groups-3 types:... 1) phospholi…
lipids are defined as
biomolecules that are H₂0 insoluble and organic solvent soluble
3 classes of lipids
1) simple... 2) compound ... 3) derived
Lipids
Triglycerides
Role of lipids
Glycogen
Body fuel stores
Main lipid form found in food
Food test/texture, fuel storage, fuel for muscle, padding/ins…
Primary storage form of carbohydrate in animals.
Average person stores about 10,000 kcals as fat.
Triglycerides
Main lipid form found in food
Role of lipids
Food test/texture, fuel storage, fuel for muscle, padding/ins…
71 terms
Ans- Week 6
Fats contain
Fats are formed by
Dietary lipids increase
Dietary lipids serve as a
2.25 times as much energy per lb or kg as than do carbohydrat…
the combination of fatty acids with glycerol
energy density of feeds
structural components of cells
Fats contain
2.25 times as much energy per lb or kg as than do carbohydrat…
Fats are formed by
the combination of fatty acids with glycerol
Lipids
A heterogeneous class of naturally occ…
Are lipids soluble or insoluble?
Functions of Lipids-... Storage of Energy
Functions of lipids-... Cell membrane co…
Lipids
Insoluble
Triglycerides
1. Phosphoglycerides... 2. Sphingomyelin... 3. Cholesterol
A heterogeneous class of naturally occ…
Lipids
Are lipids soluble or insoluble?
Insoluble
107 terms
Chapter 9: Lipids & Membranes
Fatty acids
Phospholipids
Glycosphingolipids
Isoprenoids
Simplest lipids that have the general R formula
Lipids containing phosphate groups
Lipids containing both sphingosine and carbohydrate groups
Steroids, lipid vitamins, and terpenes (related to the five-c…
Fatty acids
Simplest lipids that have the general R formula
Phospholipids
Lipids containing phosphate groups
Lipids
Function of Lipids
Facts of Lipids
Fatty Acids
Amphipathic
*store energy from metabolism of food; mainly lipids with hyd…
Poorly soluble in water but highly soluble in nonpolar solven…
monocarboxylic acids with long hydrocarbon side chains... most c…
are fatty acids amphipathic or hydrophobic
Function of Lipids
*store energy from metabolism of food; mainly lipids with hyd…
Facts of Lipids
Poorly soluble in water but highly soluble in nonpolar solven…
34 terms
Power point #4 (Lipids) Animal Nutrition
Function of lipids
What is a lipid
Glycerol
Triglyceride
-Absorption of fat-soluble nutrients by the body... -Structural…
Glycerol+Fatty acids... -insoluble in water ... -Soluble in organic…
-A simple sugar alcohol... -Glycerol is soluble in water... -The ce…
1 Glycerol + 3 Fatty Acids... -Highly concentrated stores of ene…
Function of lipids
-Absorption of fat-soluble nutrients by the body... -Structural…
What is a lipid
Glycerol+Fatty acids... -insoluble in water ... -Soluble in organic…
41 terms
Lipids
Lipids are defined by
Lipids function as:
Examples of Lipids
Fatty Acids
their low solubility in water and high solubility in organic…
(1) energy storage (2) components of biological membranes (3)…
fats, oils, some vitamins and hormones, membrane functions
Composed of a long hydrocarbon chain ("tail") with a carboxyl…
Lipids are defined by
their low solubility in water and high solubility in organic…
Lipids function as:
(1) energy storage (2) components of biological membranes (3)…
Lipids
The important lipids in nutrition of h…
Simple lipids:
oils:
waxes:
o simple lipids ... o complex lipids ... o derived lipids
esters of fatty acids (FA) with... glycerol or alcohols
esters of FA with glycerol
esters of FA with alcohols
The important lipids in nutrition of h…
o simple lipids ... o complex lipids ... o derived lipids
Simple lipids:
esters of fatty acids (FA) with... glycerol or alcohols
45 terms
Nutrition Chapter 5: Lipids
Lipids
Fat
Sources of fat
America's changing fat intake
substances that do not dissolve in water
-fats contribute to food texture, flavor, and aroma... -fats are…
animal products (cheese, meat, diary), plant sources, "hidden…
eating patterns in the past 40 years have changed- total ener…
Lipids
substances that do not dissolve in water
Fat
-fats contribute to food texture, flavor, and aroma... -fats are…
31 terms
Science-Lipids
Lipids
They are both made of carbon, hydrogen…
They store more energy in the bonds be…
Fatty acids
Large, nonpolar organic molecules that do not dissolve in water
How are lipids made differently than carbs?
How do lipids store energy?
What are the lipids monomers?
Lipids
Large, nonpolar organic molecules that do not dissolve in water
They are both made of carbon, hydrogen…
How are lipids made differently than carbs?
CHAPTER 5: LIPIDS
3 TYPES OF LIPIDS
TRIGLYCERIDE
PHOSPHOLIPDS
STEROLS
Triglyceride, Phospholipids, Sterols
Most prevalent lipid in our diet, consists of 3 fatty acids a…
Type of liquid that includes a phosphorus atom... Can mix in bot…
In plants and animals
3 TYPES OF LIPIDS
Triglyceride, Phospholipids, Sterols
TRIGLYCERIDE
Most prevalent lipid in our diet, consists of 3 fatty acids a…
Lipids
Triglycerides
Saturated fats
unsaturated fats
Trans fats
are the most abundant of the fats
come from animal products like meat and dairy
come from nuts, oils and vegetables
are found in margarine and solid shortnening
Triglycerides
are the most abundant of the fats
Saturated fats
come from animal products like meat and dairy
Carbs and lipids
carbohydrate
why is carbon important
isomer
organic
made of C,H,O in a 1:2:1 , used for quick energy
is makes 4 covalent bonds when it combines with other atoms,…
molecules with the same chemical formula but different proper…
contains carbon
carbohydrate
made of C,H,O in a 1:2:1 , used for quick energy
why is carbon important
is makes 4 covalent bonds when it combines with other atoms,…
Biological Molecules (Proteins, carbs, lipids, nucleic acids)
Most abundant carbon compounds in livi…
Comprise 2% of cell mass
Provide major source of energy
Monosaccharides are simple sugars that…
Carbs
Carbs
Carbs
Carbs
Most abundant carbon compounds in livi…
Carbs
Comprise 2% of cell mass
Carbs
59 terms
NUTR 203 Lipids (Exam 1)
insoluble
triglycerides, phospholipids, sterols
triglycerides
fats
lipids are ___ in H2O
lipids include: (3)
what is the major form of fat? (most abundant in food and hum…
lipids that are solid at room temperature (butter)
insoluble
lipids are ___ in H2O
triglycerides, phospholipids, sterols
lipids include: (3)
Lipids
Dietary Fats
Qualities that Triglyceride Possesses
Antioxidant
Small Intestine
Carry fat-soluble vitamins to the small intestine. ... Aid in th…
They are the body's main storage form of energy. ... They are st…
Is compound that protects other compounds, such as unsaturate…
Fat digestion occurs mostly.
Dietary Fats
Carry fat-soluble vitamins to the small intestine. ... Aid in th…
Qualities that Triglyceride Possesses
They are the body's main storage form of energy. ... They are st…
69 terms
Lipids
Too much/wrong type of a lipid leads t…
Too little of a lipid can lead to...
Benefits of Lipids
Fat Digestion: Liver
Increase body weight ... (chronic disease)... Cardiovascular diseas…
Decrease absorption of fat-soluble vitamins... Slow growth... Impai…
- aids in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins... - provides f…
Produces bile which is stored in the gall bladder
Too much/wrong type of a lipid leads t…
Increase body weight ... (chronic disease)... Cardiovascular diseas…
Too little of a lipid can lead to...
Decrease absorption of fat-soluble vitamins... Slow growth... Impai…
12 terms
Biology Unit 1 Section 3 : Lipids
lipids
types of lipids
fatty acids
fatty acid properties
non polar ,organic molecules... do not dissolve in water
triglycerides ... phospholipids ... steroids... waxes... pigments
unbranched carbon chains, make up most lipids... contain a long…
two ends have different properties ... carboxyl end is hydrophil…
lipids
non polar ,organic molecules... do not dissolve in water
types of lipids
triglycerides ... phospholipids ... steroids... waxes... pigments
Lipids
glycogen and fatty acids
function of lipids
Lipids
Neutral Fats
building blocks of lipids
high energy storage form, insulator
Insoluble in water, greasy, oily; 9 kcal/gram
saturated and unsaturated
glycogen and fatty acids
building blocks of lipids
function of lipids
high energy storage form, insulator
47 terms
Lipids and Lipoproteins CH 15
Chylomicrons do what?
VLDL do what?
HDL do what?
4 Major lipids
carry triglycerides to the liver for deposit and storage
carry triglycerides from the liver to the cells for energy as…
gathers up extra cholesterol to transport back to the liver
Triglycerides... Phospholipids... Cholesterol... Glycolipids... all serve…
Chylomicrons do what?
carry triglycerides to the liver for deposit and storage
VLDL do what?
carry triglycerides from the liver to the cells for energy as…
NUTR 203 Lipids (Exam 1)
insoluble
triglycerides, phospholipids, sterols
triglycerides
fats
lipids are ___ in H2O
lipids include: (3)
what is the major form of fat? (most abundant in food and hum…
lipids that are solid at room temperature (butter)
insoluble
lipids are ___ in H2O
triglycerides, phospholipids, sterols
lipids include: (3)
48 terms
lipids
fatty acids
monounsaturated fatty acids
polyunsaturated fatty acids
saturated fatty acids
major source of energy: monounsat, polyunsat, sat.
one double bond, less hydrogen atoms. olives avocados, some n…
more than one double bond. vegetable oils
fully hydrogenated. animal origin. tropical oils. no double b…
fatty acids
major source of energy: monounsat, polyunsat, sat.
monounsaturated fatty acids
one double bond, less hydrogen atoms. olives avocados, some n…
Lipids
TAGs
phospholipids
sterols
lipids
triacylglycerols, the most abundant form of fat in our bodies…
contain phosphate and one or more FA residue
Monohydroxy alcohols with 4-ring core structure called cyclop…
organic compounds composed of a carbon skeleton with hydrogen…
TAGs
triacylglycerols, the most abundant form of fat in our bodies…
phospholipids
contain phosphate and one or more FA residue
Lipids
main difference between lipid and carb…
H2 : o2 ratio of lipids, carbs
most common lipid and most common stor…
glycerol of a TAG has ? carbons
ratio of h2 to o2 much higher
lipid - 18.3:1 ... carb - 2:1
Triacylglyerol, adipose tissue
3 carbon
main difference between lipid and carb…
ratio of h2 to o2 much higher
H2 : o2 ratio of lipids, carbs
lipid - 18.3:1 ... carb - 2:1
32 terms
lipids
lipids
lipid functions
phospholipids
4 types of lipids
serve as a reserve energy supply in organism
insoluble in water, structural support in cell membranes, rea…
a lipid containing a phosphate group in the molecule
fats, oils, waxes, steroids
lipids
serve as a reserve energy supply in organism
lipid functions
insoluble in water, structural support in cell membranes, rea…
Biochemistry- lipids
Fats
Plants
Glycerol
Oils
Lipids include these... Animals... Saturated triglycerides... Solid…
Oils are most commonly found in
One component of triglycerides... Head of lipid
Lipids include these... Plants... Unsaturated triglycerides... Liqu…
Fats
Lipids include these... Animals... Saturated triglycerides... Solid…
Plants
Oils are most commonly found in
47 terms
Lipids
triglycerides, phospholipids, sterols
triglycerides
triglycerides
triglycerides
3 groups/families of dietary lipids
provides calories for human energy needs
composed of glycerol backbone and 3 fatty acids
formed via series of condensation reactions
triglycerides, phospholipids, sterols
3 groups/families of dietary lipids
triglycerides
provides calories for human energy needs
Animal science chapter 3
the lipid in the cell membrane
firm, water repellent lipids found in…
cholesterol belongs in this class
may be either saturated or unsaturated
phospholipids
waxes
steroid
fats
the lipid in the cell membrane
phospholipids
firm, water repellent lipids found in…
waxes
40 terms
Chapter 23-Lipids
lipid
lipid
lipid
lipid
all the materials in plants and animals
this cannot be dissolved in water
this has no functional group
this is soluble in nonpolar solvents
lipid
all the materials in plants and animals
lipid
this cannot be dissolved in water
51 terms
Lipids- nutrition
Characteristics of lipids
Functions of lipids
Animal food source (lipids)
Plant food source (lipids)
Very greasy, composed of C,H,O, less oxygen atoms
V-vitamins K,A,D,E, I-insulate, P-protect, E-energy(#2 source…
Fatty meats and fish, dairy products, whole milk, egg yolk
Veg. Oil\ margarine, nuts and olives, chocolate, avocados
Characteristics of lipids
Very greasy, composed of C,H,O, less oxygen atoms
Functions of lipids
V-vitamins K,A,D,E, I-insulate, P-protect, E-energy(#2 source…
47 terms
Lipids
triglycerides, phospholipids, sterols
triglycerides
triglycerides
triglycerides
3 groups/families of dietary lipids
provides calories for human energy needs
composed of glycerol backbone and 3 fatty acids
formed via series of condensation reactions
triglycerides, phospholipids, sterols
3 groups/families of dietary lipids
triglycerides
provides calories for human energy needs
57 terms
ch5 study guide lipids
Characteristics of lipids and where th…
Three types of lipids
Triglycerides
Tryglycerides
. waxy, greasy, oily compounds; ... found in plants and animals
Lipid, Phospholipid, Steroid
Fats, Oils and waxes are what types of lipid
Type of lipid that consist of three fatty acids attatched to…
Characteristics of lipids and where th…
. waxy, greasy, oily compounds; ... found in plants and animals
Three types of lipids
Lipid, Phospholipid, Steroid
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