Study sets matching "term:liquids = intermediate hydrocarbons w/ 4 16 carbons tend to be...."

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Study sets matching "term:liquids = intermediate hydrocarbons w/ 4 16 carbons tend to be...."

L4: UNIT 8 - ENERGY
biofuel
canola oil
carbon footprint
carbon neutral
(n.) A fuel derived directly from living matter.
(n.) A type of rapeseed oil which can be used as a biofuel.
(n.) The amount of carbon dioxide and other carbon compounds…
(adj.) Making no net release of carbon dioxide to the atmosph…
biofuel
(n.) A fuel derived directly from living matter.
canola oil
(n.) A type of rapeseed oil which can be used as a biofuel.
Organic Chemistry
Properties of Organic Compoundcs
Bonding in Organic Compounds
Molecular Formula
Structural Forumla
1. covalent bonds... 2. usually nonpolar... 3. weak IMF (London)... 4.…
1. Carbon atoms covalently bond to other carbons and can form…
For organic compounds do not indicate what the compound looks…
Shows arrangement of atoms
Properties of Organic Compoundcs
1. covalent bonds... 2. usually nonpolar... 3. weak IMF (London)... 4.…
Bonding in Organic Compounds
1. Carbon atoms covalently bond to other carbons and can form…
20 terms
25.2 Introduction to Hydrocarbons
simplest class of organic compounds
hydrocarbons
key structural feature of hydrocarbons…
Carbon is the only element capable for…
hydrocarbons
composed only of carbon and hydrogen
is the presence of carbon-carbon bonds
extended chains of atoms bonded through single, double, or tr…
simplest class of organic compounds
hydrocarbons
hydrocarbons
composed only of carbon and hydrogen
7 terms
Campbell Biology 9th Edition - Chapter 4 Biochemistry
hydrocarbons
saturated fat
unsaturated fat
isomers
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have at least one double b…
compounds with the same formula but different structure
hydrocarbons
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
saturated fat
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
72 terms
Hydrocarbons Oraganic Chemistry
Hydrocarbon
Alkanes
Straight or branched
Homologous series
Compounds containing hydrogen and carbon
Chains of single bonded C atoms
Alkanes can be what kind of chains?
A series of compounds with a constant
Hydrocarbon
Compounds containing hydrogen and carbon
Alkanes
Chains of single bonded C atoms
14 terms
Lipids
glycerol
fatty acids
Triglyceride
Saturated fats
a subunit of fats. composed of 3 carbons with hydroxides on t…
a bunch of C's and H's in a chain with a carboxyl at the end.…
The type of lipid molecule associated with body fat. Think lo…
Saturated fats are saturated with hydrogen. The tend to be so…
glycerol
a subunit of fats. composed of 3 carbons with hydroxides on t…
fatty acids
a bunch of C's and H's in a chain with a carboxyl at the end.…
101 terms
Chemistry Unit 8 Test
Hydrocarbon
Which German chemist was able to use i…
What are the 2 simplest hydrocarbons?
How many covalent bonds does carbon ha…
-non-polar... -Attractions are weak van der Waals forces... -Low mo…
Friedrich Wöhler, urea
methane, ethane
4
Hydrocarbon
-non-polar... -Attractions are weak van der Waals forces... -Low mo…
Which German chemist was able to use i…
Friedrich Wöhler, urea
14 terms
Lipids 2
glycerol
fatty acids
Triglyceride
Saturated fats
a subunit of fats. composed of 3 carbons with hydroxides on t…
a bunch of C's and H's in a chain with a carboxyl at the end.…
The type of lipid molecule associated with body fat. Think lo…
Saturated fats are saturated with hydrogen. The tend to be so…
glycerol
a subunit of fats. composed of 3 carbons with hydroxides on t…
fatty acids
a bunch of C's and H's in a chain with a carboxyl at the end.…
56 terms
Notes 10
Organic chemistry
Organic compounds
How many organic compounds are known?
Vital Force
Study of all chemicals containing carbon
compounds that contain carbon
Over a million
The thing scientist thought that created organic substances
Organic chemistry
Study of all chemicals containing carbon
Organic compounds
compounds that contain carbon
51 terms
O-Chem
Organic chemistry
How many ve does carbon have
How many bonds do carbons form
Forms of carbon
Study of carbon and compounds formed with carbon
4
4 usually covalent
Diamonds graphite fullerenes
Organic chemistry
Study of carbon and compounds formed with carbon
How many ve does carbon have
4
Chemical Bonding: CH. 9
Electronegativity
shielding efect
electronegativity different (EN)
Covalent character
the measure of ability of an atom in a bond to attract electr…
tendency for electrons in the inner energy levels to block th…
measure of the degree of the ionic character in a bond ... -calc…
Two atoms of the same element from pure covalent bonds bc the…
Electronegativity
the measure of ability of an atom in a bond to attract electr…
shielding efect
tendency for electrons in the inner energy levels to block th…
Biology - Chapter 4 -
hydrocarbons
saturated fat
unsaturated fat
isomers
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have at least one double b…
compounds with the same formula but different structure
hydrocarbons
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
saturated fat
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
AP BIO - Chapter 4 (Carbon)
hydrocarbons
saturated fat
unsaturated fat
isomers
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
a lipid from fatty acids that have no double bonds between ca…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have at least one double b…
compounds with the same formula but different structure
hydrocarbons
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
saturated fat
a lipid from fatty acids that have no double bonds between ca…
5.1
Carbon
Hydrocarbons
Functional groups
Hydrophilic
4 valence electrons(can form 4 covalent bonds)... Forms {hydroca…
Molecules w hydrogen and carbon... (The chains tend to be non…
1-hydroxyl (OH)... 2-carboxyl/carboxylic acid (COOH)... 3-amine (NH2)
Molecules that like water ... (Will mix)
Carbon
4 valence electrons(can form 4 covalent bonds)... Forms {hydroca…
Hydrocarbons
Molecules w hydrogen and carbon... (The chains tend to be non…
7 terms
Campbell Biology 9th Edition - Chapter 4
hydrocarbons
saturated fat
unsaturated fat
isomers
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have at least one double b…
compounds with the same formula but different structure
hydrocarbons
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
saturated fat
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
7 terms
Campbell Biology 9th Edition - Chapter 4
hydrocarbons
saturated fat
unsaturated fat
isomers
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have at least one double b…
compounds with the same formula but different structure
hydrocarbons
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
saturated fat
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
23 terms
ES Chapter 4.1
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
fossil fuels
coal
one that is being replaced at least as quickly (or perhaps fa…
a resource that humans are consuming faster than it is being…
- coal, oil, natural gas... - formed primarily during the Carbon…
- fossil fuel made primarily from terrestrial plant material…
renewable resource
one that is being replaced at least as quickly (or perhaps fa…
nonrenewable resource
a resource that humans are consuming faster than it is being…
28 terms
Physical Science/Coach T-Quiz-Chapter 6-Lesson 4
organic compound
hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, an…
sorbitol, C6H14O6, and aspartame, C14H…
methane and ethane
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
Most organic compounds also contain ?
what two of its ingredients are the sweeteners
are the two simplest hydrocarbons.
organic compound
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, an…
Most organic compounds also contain ?
7 terms
Campbell Biology 9th Edition - Chapter 4
hydrocarbons
saturated fat
unsaturated fat
isomers
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have at least one double b…
compounds with the same formula but different structure
hydrocarbons
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
saturated fat
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
7 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4
hydrocarbons
saturated fat
unsaturated fat
isomers
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have at least one double b…
compounds with the same formula but different structure
hydrocarbons
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
saturated fat
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
7 terms
Campbell Biology 9th Edition - Chapter 4
hydrocarbons
saturated fat
unsaturated fat
isomers
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have at least one double b…
compounds with the same formula but different structure
hydrocarbons
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
saturated fat
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
Campbell Biology 9th Edition - Chapter 4
hydrocarbons
saturated fat
unsaturated fat
isomers
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have at least one double b…
compounds with the same formula but different structure
hydrocarbons
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
saturated fat
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
66 terms
Ch 3 Bio TERMS
Organic molecules
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucle…
Hydrocarbons
Skeleton
Contain carbon and hydrogen atoms bonded to other atoms
4 organic molecules in organisms
Chains of carbon atoms bonded only to hydrogen atoms; can be…
Carbon chain of org molecule
Organic molecules
Contain carbon and hydrogen atoms bonded to other atoms
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucle…
4 organic molecules in organisms
30 terms
VWoW Exam 4
actualization
architect
augment
blueprint
the act or process of making real
a person who engages in the profession of architecture
to make larger; enlarge in size, number, strength, or extent
a detailed outline or plan of action
actualization
the act or process of making real
architect
a person who engages in the profession of architecture
23 terms
5.3 Organic Compounds
organic compounds
inorganic compounds
Exceptions to organic compounds
carbon is one of the few elements that…
contain carbon and usually hydrogen
DONT contain carbon
oxides (CO, CO2) ... carbonate (CO3 -2)... carbides = when a carbon…
ion charge because it almost never forms ionic bonds... (most…
organic compounds
contain carbon and usually hydrogen
inorganic compounds
DONT contain carbon
31 terms
chem chapter 4
hydrogen bonding takes place between...
solubility rules for ionic compounds;…
solid turns to liquid
liquid turns to solid
a hydrogen atom bonded to N or O and a lone pair of electrons…
always soluble; usually soluble; insoluble
melting
freezing
hydrogen bonding takes place between...
a hydrogen atom bonded to N or O and a lone pair of electrons…
solubility rules for ionic compounds;…
always soluble; usually soluble; insoluble
Science chapter 23
A chemical compund that contains carbo…
More than ___% of all compounds are or…
Carbon has ___ electrons in its outer…
Carbon can form 4 ______ bonds and ___…
Organic compound
90
4
Covalent and multiple
A chemical compund that contains carbo…
Organic compound
More than ___% of all compounds are or…
90
52 terms
chapters 1-4 pt. 1
functional groups of hydrocarbons (4)
carbonyl group
hydroxyl
amino acid
carbonyl, hydroxyl, amino (contains carboxyl), and phosphate
oxygen is double bonded to a carbon
OH is single bonded to a carbon (often makes alcohols)
always contains a carboxyl group & N (N-C-C); make up proteins
functional groups of hydrocarbons (4)
carbonyl, hydroxyl, amino (contains carboxyl), and phosphate
carbonyl group
oxygen is double bonded to a carbon
Alkanes
Alkanes
methane
ethane
propane
These are hydrocarbons that have the maximum number of hydrog…
1 carbon
2 carbons
3 carbons
Alkanes
These are hydrocarbons that have the maximum number of hydrog…
methane
1 carbon
Unit 10 Organic Chemistry (A-F)
Another name for the structure of benz…
Aromatic molecule
Phenyl group
Flouro
Aromatic ring
A molecule containing one oor more bennzene rings
When the benzene ring is attached to another hydroocarbon as…
Flourine element in alkyl halide form
Another name for the structure of benz…
Aromatic ring
Aromatic molecule
A molecule containing one oor more bennzene rings
44 terms
PS 110 Chapter 19
The specific name for a molecule that…
Which of the following not considered…
Several different molecules have the f…
Even when the chemical formula and pat…
"hydrocarbon"
carbon dioxide
configuration
conformation
The specific name for a molecule that…
"hydrocarbon"
Which of the following not considered…
carbon dioxide
95 terms
BCH 6101: Unit 4 - Lipids
functions of lipids
types of lipids
precursor lipids: component
precursor lipids: chemistry
-storage form of energy (triacylglycerols)... -cell membrane com…
1. precursor lipids... 2. simple lipids... 3. complex lipids... 4. cho…
-free fatty acids... -contain even # of carbons... -saturated... -unsa…
composed of:... -carbon... -hydrogen... -functional group: carboxylic…
functions of lipids
-storage form of energy (triacylglycerols)... -cell membrane com…
types of lipids
1. precursor lipids... 2. simple lipids... 3. complex lipids... 4. cho…
Unit 4 - Chemistry of Life
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Smallest unit of an element that retains the element's proper…
Positively charged particle; one or more in the nucleus of ea…
Unit in the atomic nucleus that has mass but no electric charge
Negatively charged unit of matter
Atom
Smallest unit of an element that retains the element's proper…
Proton
Positively charged particle; one or more in the nucleus of ea…
27 terms
Chemistry
Alkane
Meth
Eth
Prop
Hydrocarbons with single bonds
One carbon atom
2 carbon
3 carbon
Alkane
Hydrocarbons with single bonds
Meth
One carbon atom
27 terms
Chemistry
Alkane
Meth
Eth
Prop
Hydrocarbons with single bonds
One carbon atom
2 carbon
3 carbon
Alkane
Hydrocarbons with single bonds
Meth
One carbon atom
7 terms
Campbell Biology 9th Edition - Chapter 4
hydrocarbons
saturated fat
unsaturated fat
isomers
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have at least one double b…
compounds with the same formula but different structure
hydrocarbons
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
saturated fat
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
Mastering Biology Chapter 4
How do these hydrocarbons differ?
How do these hydrocarbons differ
How do these hydrocarbons differ?
How do these hydrocarbons differ?
One of these hydrocarbons is longer than the other.
One of these hydrocarbons is branched.
One of these hydrocarbons has a double bond.
One of these hydrocarbons has a ring structure.
How do these hydrocarbons differ?
One of these hydrocarbons is longer than the other.
How do these hydrocarbons differ
One of these hydrocarbons is branched.
361 terms
AP Biology Semester 1 Final
Polar molecule/ WATER
Hydrogen bonding
All life occurs in
H2O molecules form hydrogen bonds with…
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
attraction b/w a H atom & a partial (+) charge & another atom…
water.
water
Polar molecule/ WATER
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
Hydrogen bonding
attraction b/w a H atom & a partial (+) charge & another atom…
31 terms
Organic Chemistry
Families of Organic Compounds
Alcohols
Ethers
Aldehydes
Family→Name Ending↓General Formula
-ol... R-O-H
ether... R-O-R'
-al... O... ↑↑... R-C-H
Families of Organic Compounds
Family→Name Ending↓General Formula
Alcohols
-ol... R-O-H
Lipids
Hydrophobic, amphipathic
Form biological membranes. Intracellul…
Fatty acids
Lipids are either__________or__________organic molecules.
Functions of lipids
The simplest lipids are
Hydrophobic, amphipathic
Lipids are either__________or__________organic molecules.
Form biological membranes. Intracellul…
Functions of lipids
16 terms
unit 3 section A
hydrocarbons
the worlds largest known petroleum res…
what fraction of the total U.S energy…
number the following from lowest to hi…
the study of organic chemistry and their derivatives
...
...
...
hydrocarbons
the study of organic chemistry and their derivatives
the worlds largest known petroleum res…
...
53 terms
chemistry chapter 21
Carbon forms four covalent bonds that…
Roughly how many carbon compounds have…
The electronic equations of carbon in…
How many covalent bonds can a carbon a…
tetrahedron
hundreds of thousands
1s2 2s2 2p2
4
Carbon forms four covalent bonds that…
tetrahedron
Roughly how many carbon compounds have…
hundreds of thousands
40 terms
General Chemistry II: Exam 1
cycloalkane composition
general formula
carbon hybridization
ends?
only carbon and hydrogen atoms
CⁿH²ⁿ+2
sp³ 190°
no, a ring is formed
cycloalkane composition
only carbon and hydrogen atoms
general formula
CⁿH²ⁿ+2
Biomolecules
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic…
Monosaccharides... (such as glucose)
Fatty Acids and Glycerol
Amino Acids
What are the 4 classes or groups of biomolecules?
Monomers or building blocks of carbohydrates are ____.
Monomers or building blocks of lipids are ____.
Monomers or building blocks of proteins are ____.
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic…
What are the 4 classes or groups of biomolecules?
Monosaccharides... (such as glucose)
Monomers or building blocks of carbohydrates are ____.
7 terms
Ch. 4 Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life | Reece, Jane et al. Campbell Biology. 9th ed. 2011
hydrocarbons
saturated fat
unsaturated fat
isomers
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have at least one double b…
compounds with the same formula but different structure
hydrocarbons
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
saturated fat
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
APES Chapter 11 Fossil Fuels
fossil fuel
coal
natural gas
subsurface mining
Combustible deposits in Earth's crust, composed of the remnan…
A black combustible solid found in Earth's crust, formed from…
A mixture of hydrocarbon gases that occurs with petroleum dep…
The extraction of mineral and energy resources from deep unde…
fossil fuel
Combustible deposits in Earth's crust, composed of the remnan…
coal
A black combustible solid found in Earth's crust, formed from…
20 terms
CH 107-Ch. 12-13
Long straight chain hydrocarbons with…
Saturated fatty acids contain
Fatty acids with one double bond
Contain more than one carbon-carbon do…
Fatty acids
No carbon carbon doubke bonds
Monounsaturated fatty acids
Polyunsaturated fatty acids
Long straight chain hydrocarbons with…
Fatty acids
Saturated fatty acids contain
No carbon carbon doubke bonds
41 terms
water and carbon mr lindsay
water molecule
electronegative
negative
positive
consist of two hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to one oxygen…
larger atoms exerts a stronger pull on the shared electrons t…
oxygen's charge
two hydrogen's charge
water molecule
consist of two hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to one oxygen…
electronegative
larger atoms exerts a stronger pull on the shared electrons t…
Bio Chapter 3 & 4
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Saturated Fat
Unsaturated Fat
-Cellulose is a major component of the tough walls that enclo…
- Diverse group of hydrophobic molecules... - Has Phospholipid b…
-Do not include double bonds... -Allow many hydrogen atoms to be…
- Has one or more double bonds... - Creates a kink in the hydroc…
Carbohydrates
-Cellulose is a major component of the tough walls that enclo…
Lipids
- Diverse group of hydrophobic molecules... - Has Phospholipid b…
13 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4
Disaccharide
Fatty Acids
Macromoleculse
Pyrimidine
- Consists of 2 molecules joined by a glycosidic linkage
- Carbon skeletons with usually 16 or 18 carbon atoms... - Carbo…
- Huge molecules... - Structure provides information about their…
- Family of Nitrogenous bases... - One six-membered ring of carb…
Disaccharide
- Consists of 2 molecules joined by a glycosidic linkage
Fatty Acids
- Carbon skeletons with usually 16 or 18 carbon atoms... - Carbo…
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