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Study sets matching "term:liquids = intermediate hydrocarbons w/ 4 16 carbons tend to be...."

12 terms
L4: UNIT 8 - ENERGY
biofuel
canola oil
carbon footprint
carbon neutral
(n.) A fuel derived directly from living matter.
(n.) A type of rapeseed oil which can be used as a biofuel.
(n.) The amount of carbon dioxide and other carbon compounds…
(adj.) Making no net release of carbon dioxide to the atmosph…
biofuel
(n.) A fuel derived directly from living matter.
canola oil
(n.) A type of rapeseed oil which can be used as a biofuel.
Organic Chemistry
Properties of Organic Compoundcs
Bonding in Organic Compounds
Molecular Formula
Structural Forumla
1. covalent bonds... 2. usually nonpolar... 3. weak IMF (London)... 4.…
1. Carbon atoms covalently bond to other carbons and can form…
For organic compounds do not indicate what the compound looks…
Shows arrangement of atoms
Properties of Organic Compoundcs
1. covalent bonds... 2. usually nonpolar... 3. weak IMF (London)... 4.…
Bonding in Organic Compounds
1. Carbon atoms covalently bond to other carbons and can form…
20 terms
25.2 Introduction to Hydrocarbons
simplest class of organic compounds
hydrocarbons
key structural feature of hydrocarbons…
Carbon is the only element capable for…
hydrocarbons
composed only of carbon and hydrogen
is the presence of carbon-carbon bonds
extended chains of atoms bonded through single, double, or tr…
simplest class of organic compounds
hydrocarbons
hydrocarbons
composed only of carbon and hydrogen
101 terms
Chemistry Unit 8 Test
Hydrocarbon
Which German chemist was able to use i…
What are the 2 simplest hydrocarbons?
How many covalent bonds does carbon ha…
-non-polar... -Attractions are weak van der Waals forces... -Low mo…
Friedrich Wöhler, urea
methane, ethane
4
Hydrocarbon
-non-polar... -Attractions are weak van der Waals forces... -Low mo…
Which German chemist was able to use i…
Friedrich Wöhler, urea
72 terms
Hydrocarbons Oraganic Chemistry
Hydrocarbon
Alkanes
Straight or branched
Homologous series
Compounds containing hydrogen and carbon
Chains of single bonded C atoms
Alkanes can be what kind of chains?
A series of compounds with a constant
Hydrocarbon
Compounds containing hydrogen and carbon
Alkanes
Chains of single bonded C atoms
14 terms
Lipids
glycerol
fatty acids
Triglyceride
Saturated fats
a subunit of fats. composed of 3 carbons with hydroxides on t…
a bunch of C's and H's in a chain with a carboxyl at the end.…
The type of lipid molecule associated with body fat. Think lo…
Saturated fats are saturated with hydrogen. The tend to be so…
glycerol
a subunit of fats. composed of 3 carbons with hydroxides on t…
fatty acids
a bunch of C's and H's in a chain with a carboxyl at the end.…
51 terms
O-Chem
Organic chemistry
How many ve does carbon have
How many bonds do carbons form
Forms of carbon
Study of carbon and compounds formed with carbon
4
4 usually covalent
Diamonds graphite fullerenes
Organic chemistry
Study of carbon and compounds formed with carbon
How many ve does carbon have
4
56 terms
Notes 10
Organic chemistry
Organic compounds
How many organic compounds are known?
Vital Force
Study of all chemicals containing carbon
compounds that contain carbon
Over a million
The thing scientist thought that created organic substances
Organic chemistry
Study of all chemicals containing carbon
Organic compounds
compounds that contain carbon
9 terms
5.1
Carbon
Hydrocarbons
Functional groups
Hydrophilic
4 valence electrons(can form 4 covalent bonds)... Forms {hydroca…
Molecules w hydrogen and carbon... (The chains tend to be non…
1-hydroxyl (OH)... 2-carboxyl/carboxylic acid (COOH)... 3-amine (NH2)
Molecules that like water ... (Will mix)
Carbon
4 valence electrons(can form 4 covalent bonds)... Forms {hydroca…
Hydrocarbons
Molecules w hydrogen and carbon... (The chains tend to be non…
Biology - Chapter 4 -
hydrocarbons
saturated fat
unsaturated fat
isomers
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have at least one double b…
compounds with the same formula but different structure
hydrocarbons
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
saturated fat
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
44 terms
PS 110 Chapter 19
The specific name for a molecule that…
Which of the following not considered…
Several different molecules have the f…
Even when the chemical formula and pat…
"hydrocarbon"
carbon dioxide
configuration
conformation
The specific name for a molecule that…
"hydrocarbon"
Which of the following not considered…
carbon dioxide
7 terms
AP BIO - Chapter 4 (Carbon)
hydrocarbons
saturated fat
unsaturated fat
isomers
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
a lipid from fatty acids that have no double bonds between ca…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have at least one double b…
compounds with the same formula but different structure
hydrocarbons
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
saturated fat
a lipid from fatty acids that have no double bonds between ca…
7 terms
Campbell Biology 9th Edition - Chapter 4
hydrocarbons
saturated fat
unsaturated fat
isomers
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have at least one double b…
compounds with the same formula but different structure
hydrocarbons
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
saturated fat
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
23 terms
ES Chapter 4.1
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
fossil fuels
coal
one that is being replaced at least as quickly (or perhaps fa…
a resource that humans are consuming faster than it is being…
- coal, oil, natural gas... - formed primarily during the Carbon…
- fossil fuel made primarily from terrestrial plant material…
renewable resource
one that is being replaced at least as quickly (or perhaps fa…
nonrenewable resource
a resource that humans are consuming faster than it is being…
45 terms
Lipids
Hydrophobic, amphipathic
Form biological membranes. Intracellul…
Fatty acids
Lipids are either__________or__________organic molecules.
Functions of lipids
The simplest lipids are
Hydrophobic, amphipathic
Lipids are either__________or__________organic molecules.
Form biological membranes. Intracellul…
Functions of lipids
40 terms
General Chemistry II: Exam 1
cycloalkane composition
general formula
carbon hybridization
ends?
only carbon and hydrogen atoms
CⁿH²ⁿ+2
sp³ 190°
no, a ring is formed
cycloalkane composition
only carbon and hydrogen atoms
general formula
CⁿH²ⁿ+2
23 terms
5.3 Organic Compounds
organic compounds
inorganic compounds
Exceptions to organic compounds
carbon is one of the few elements that…
contain carbon and usually hydrogen
DONT contain carbon
oxides (CO, CO2) ... carbonate (CO3 -2)... carbides = when a carbon…
ion charge because it almost never forms ionic bonds... (most…
organic compounds
contain carbon and usually hydrogen
inorganic compounds
DONT contain carbon
66 terms
Ch 3 Bio TERMS
Organic molecules
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucle…
Hydrocarbons
Skeleton
Contain carbon and hydrogen atoms bonded to other atoms
4 organic molecules in organisms
Chains of carbon atoms bonded only to hydrogen atoms; can be…
Carbon chain of org molecule
Organic molecules
Contain carbon and hydrogen atoms bonded to other atoms
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucle…
4 organic molecules in organisms
7 terms
Ch. 4 Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life | Reece, Jane et al. Campbell Biology. 9th ed. 2011
hydrocarbons
saturated fat
unsaturated fat
isomers
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have at least one double b…
compounds with the same formula but different structure
hydrocarbons
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
saturated fat
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
16 terms
unit 3 section A
hydrocarbons
the worlds largest known petroleum res…
what fraction of the total U.S energy…
number the following from lowest to hi…
the study of organic chemistry and their derivatives
...
...
...
hydrocarbons
the study of organic chemistry and their derivatives
the worlds largest known petroleum res…
...
36 terms
Unit 10 Organic Chemistry (A-F)
Another name for the structure of benz…
Aromatic molecule
Phenyl group
Flouro
Aromatic ring
A molecule containing one oor more bennzene rings
When the benzene ring is attached to another hydroocarbon as…
Flourine element in alkyl halide form
Another name for the structure of benz…
Aromatic ring
Aromatic molecule
A molecule containing one oor more bennzene rings
39 terms
AP Biology Organic Chemistry
Characteristic of water
Characteristic of water
Characteristic of water
According to laws of Thermodynamics
H2O is less dense in the solid form than in the liquid form
H20 absorbs an unusually large amount of heat in changing fro…
It takes the gain of a relatively large amount of energy to r…
energy can neither be created nor destroyed but can change fo…
Characteristic of water
H2O is less dense in the solid form than in the liquid form
Characteristic of water
H20 absorbs an unusually large amount of heat in changing fro…
13 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4
Disaccharide
Fatty Acids
Macromoleculse
Pyrimidine
- Consists of 2 molecules joined by a glycosidic linkage
- Carbon skeletons with usually 16 or 18 carbon atoms... - Carbo…
- Huge molecules... - Structure provides information about their…
- Family of Nitrogenous bases... - One six-membered ring of carb…
Disaccharide
- Consists of 2 molecules joined by a glycosidic linkage
Fatty Acids
- Carbon skeletons with usually 16 or 18 carbon atoms... - Carbo…
14 terms
Lipids
glycerol
fatty acids
Triglyceride
Saturated fats
a subunit of fats. composed of 3 carbons with hydroxides on t…
a bunch of C's and H's in a chain with a carboxyl at the end.…
The type of lipid molecule associated with body fat. Think lo…
Saturated fats are saturated with hydrogen. The tend to be so…
glycerol
a subunit of fats. composed of 3 carbons with hydroxides on t…
fatty acids
a bunch of C's and H's in a chain with a carboxyl at the end.…
43 terms
Foundations test 3 deck 1
Organic chemistry is based on which el…
Bond angle with carbon and 4 elements…
bond angle carbon with 2 single bonds…
bond angle carbon bound with one singl…
carbon
109.5... -free rotation along axix
120... -no rotation between atoms with double bonds
180... -no rotation between atoms with triple bonds
Organic chemistry is based on which el…
carbon
Bond angle with carbon and 4 elements…
109.5... -free rotation along axix
53 terms
chemistry chapter 21
Carbon forms four covalent bonds that…
Roughly how many carbon compounds have…
The electronic equations of carbon in…
How many covalent bonds can a carbon a…
tetrahedron
hundreds of thousands
1s2 2s2 2p2
4
Carbon forms four covalent bonds that…
tetrahedron
Roughly how many carbon compounds have…
hundreds of thousands
14 terms
Lipids
glycerol
fatty acids
Triglyceride
Saturated fats
a subunit of fats. composed of 3 carbons with hydroxides on t…
a bunch of C's and H's in a chain with a carboxyl at the end.…
The type of lipid molecule associated with body fat. Think lo…
Saturated fats are saturated with hydrogen. The tend to be so…
glycerol
a subunit of fats. composed of 3 carbons with hydroxides on t…
fatty acids
a bunch of C's and H's in a chain with a carboxyl at the end.…
27 terms
Chemistry
Alkane
Meth
Eth
Prop
Hydrocarbons with single bonds
One carbon atom
2 carbon
3 carbon
Alkane
Hydrocarbons with single bonds
Meth
One carbon atom
27 terms
Chemistry
Alkane
Meth
Eth
Prop
Hydrocarbons with single bonds
One carbon atom
2 carbon
3 carbon
Alkane
Hydrocarbons with single bonds
Meth
One carbon atom
12 terms
Campbell Biology 9th Edition - Chapter 4
hydrocarbons
saturated fat
unsaturated fat
isomers
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
a lipid made from fatty acids that have at least one double b…
compounds with the same formula but different structure
hydrocarbons
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrog…
saturated fat
a lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
33 terms
C. Fossil Fuel Resource and Use
Diesel
Lignite
Anthracite
Bituminous
Fuel that is made of Hydrocarbons that are 16 Carbons long; a…
A soft brownish coal showing traces of plant structure, inter…
A coal that burns with very little smoke or flame; hard coal.…
The second-purest form of coal.... The most plentiful form of co…
Diesel
Fuel that is made of Hydrocarbons that are 16 Carbons long; a…
Lignite
A soft brownish coal showing traces of plant structure, inter…
57 terms
Alkanes
Alkanes
methane
ethane
propane
These are hydrocarbons that have the maximum number of hydrog…
1 carbon
2 carbons
3 carbons
Alkanes
These are hydrocarbons that have the maximum number of hydrog…
methane
1 carbon
42 terms
Chem. Ch.12
fatty acids
saturated fatty acids
monounsaturated fatty acids
polyunsaturated fatty acids
long straight chain hydrocarbons with a carboxylic acid at on…
contains no double bonds
contains one double bond
contains multiple bonds
fatty acids
long straight chain hydrocarbons with a carboxylic acid at on…
saturated fatty acids
contains no double bonds
62 terms
Bot101- Phytochemical Structures/Defintions
Carbohydrates
Glycosides
Fibre
Mucilage
Organic compounds (sugars) that consist of Cn(H20)n. Water so…
An organic compound, usually biologically active, with sugars…
Undigestible carbohydrates that bulk up the stool
Physiological product that forms slimy liquid or masses
Carbohydrates
Organic compounds (sugars) that consist of Cn(H20)n. Water so…
Glycosides
An organic compound, usually biologically active, with sugars…
30 terms
VWoW Exam 4
actualization
architect
augment
blueprint
the act or process of making real
a person who engages in the profession of architecture
to make larger; enlarge in size, number, strength, or extent
a detailed outline or plan of action
actualization
the act or process of making real
architect
a person who engages in the profession of architecture
52 terms
chapters 1-4 pt. 1
functional groups of hydrocarbons (4)
carbonyl group
hydroxyl
amino acid
carbonyl, hydroxyl, amino (contains carboxyl), and phosphate
oxygen is double bonded to a carbon
OH is single bonded to a carbon (often makes alcohols)
always contains a carboxyl group & N (N-C-C); make up proteins
functional groups of hydrocarbons (4)
carbonyl, hydroxyl, amino (contains carboxyl), and phosphate
carbonyl group
oxygen is double bonded to a carbon
25 terms
Unit 4 - Chemistry of Life
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Smallest unit of an element that retains the element's proper…
Positively charged particle; one or more in the nucleus of ea…
Unit in the atomic nucleus that has mass but no electric charge
Negatively charged unit of matter
Atom
Smallest unit of an element that retains the element's proper…
Proton
Positively charged particle; one or more in the nucleus of ea…
63 terms
Ceutics - Topical & Transdermal Delivery Systems 1
What is the difference between pharmac…
Topical dosage forms generally contain:
4 types of bases:
Common ingredients in ointment bases
Cosmetics have a lot more ingregients
1. Medicinal agent (sometimes)... 2. Ointment base
1. Hydrocarbon/Oleaginous base... 2. Absorption base... --> Anhydro…
1. Hydrocarbons... 2. Fatty alcohols... 3. Fatty acids... 4. Esters
What is the difference between pharmac…
Cosmetics have a lot more ingregients
Topical dosage forms generally contain:
1. Medicinal agent (sometimes)... 2. Ointment base
95 terms
BCH 6101: Unit 4 - Lipids
functions of lipids
types of lipids
precursor lipids: component
precursor lipids: chemistry
-storage form of energy (triacylglycerols)... -cell membrane com…
1. precursor lipids... 2. simple lipids... 3. complex lipids... 4. cho…
-free fatty acids... -contain even # of carbons... -saturated... -unsa…
composed of:... -carbon... -hydrogen... -functional group: carboxylic…
functions of lipids
-storage form of energy (triacylglycerols)... -cell membrane com…
types of lipids
1. precursor lipids... 2. simple lipids... 3. complex lipids... 4. cho…
20 terms
CH 107-Ch. 12-13
Long straight chain hydrocarbons with…
Saturated fatty acids contain
Fatty acids with one double bond
Contain more than one carbon-carbon do…
Fatty acids
No carbon carbon doubke bonds
Monounsaturated fatty acids
Polyunsaturated fatty acids
Long straight chain hydrocarbons with…
Fatty acids
Saturated fatty acids contain
No carbon carbon doubke bonds
33 terms
Element Memory Flashcards
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
Atomic # 1... Symbol: H... Phase: gas
Atomic # 2... Symbol He... Phase: gas
Atomic # 3... Symbol Li... Phase: solid
Atomic # 4... Symbol Be... Phase: solid
Hydrogen
Atomic # 1... Symbol: H... Phase: gas
Helium
Atomic # 2... Symbol He... Phase: gas
Chem - Ch. 4 & 5
hydrocarbons
methane
tetrahedral
ethane
only contain C and H; pure covalent bonds; consist of molecules
CH4; colorless, odorless gas; main component of natural gas
single bond; 109.5 degrees bond angle
CH3CH3
hydrocarbons
only contain C and H; pure covalent bonds; consist of molecules
methane
CH4; colorless, odorless gas; main component of natural gas
35 terms
Baby Chem Ch. 4 & 5
hydrocarbons
methane
tetrahedral
ethane
only contain C and H; pure covalent bonds; consist of molecules
CH4; colorless, odorless gas; main component of natural gas
single bond; 109.5 degrees bond angle
CH3CH3
hydrocarbons
only contain C and H; pure covalent bonds; consist of molecules
methane
CH4; colorless, odorless gas; main component of natural gas
40 terms
APES Chapter 11 Fossil Fuels
fossil fuel
coal
natural gas
subsurface mining
Combustible deposits in Earth's crust, composed of the remnan…
A black combustible solid found in Earth's crust, formed from…
A mixture of hydrocarbon gases that occurs with petroleum dep…
The extraction of mineral and energy resources from deep unde…
fossil fuel
Combustible deposits in Earth's crust, composed of the remnan…
coal
A black combustible solid found in Earth's crust, formed from…
44 terms
Physical Science Ch 19
1. The specific name for a molecule th…
Which of the following is not consider…
Several different molecules have the f…
Even when the chemical formula and and…
Hydrocarbon
Carbon Dioxide
Configuration
Conformation
1. The specific name for a molecule th…
Hydrocarbon
Which of the following is not consider…
Carbon Dioxide
41 terms
water and carbon mr lindsay
water molecule
electronegative
negative
positive
consist of two hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to one oxygen…
larger atoms exerts a stronger pull on the shared electrons t…
oxygen's charge
two hydrogen's charge
water molecule
consist of two hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to one oxygen…
electronegative
larger atoms exerts a stronger pull on the shared electrons t…
34 terms
Biomolecules
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic…
Monosaccharides... (such as glucose)
Fatty Acids and Glycerol
Amino Acids
What are the 4 classes or groups of biomolecules?
Monomers or building blocks of carbohydrates are ____.
Monomers or building blocks of lipids are ____.
Monomers or building blocks of proteins are ____.
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic…
What are the 4 classes or groups of biomolecules?
Monosaccharides... (such as glucose)
Monomers or building blocks of carbohydrates are ____.
17 terms
intro biochem chapter 5
proteins can be distinguished by the _…
amino acid polymers of 50 or less are…
polymers greater than 50 are ___ or __…
there are ___ standard amino acids
number; composition; sequence
peptides
proteins; polypeptides
20
proteins can be distinguished by the _…
number; composition; sequence
amino acid polymers of 50 or less are…
peptides
Chemistry CP 3A Test
viscosity
materials that have high viscosity
materials with low viscosity
What is also known as crude oil
resistance to flow
flow slowly and w/ difficulty
flow quick and easy
Petroleum
viscosity
resistance to flow
materials that have high viscosity
flow slowly and w/ difficulty
46 terms
Energy and Natural Resources
Renewable Energy
Non-renewable energy
First Law of Thermodynamics
Second Law of Thermodynamics
A resource that has a theoretically unlimited supply and is n…
A source of energy that exsists in limited quantities and onc…
Energy is neither created nor destroyed, but may be converted…
Disorder tends to increase; when energy is converted some of…
Renewable Energy
A resource that has a theoretically unlimited supply and is n…
Non-renewable energy
A source of energy that exsists in limited quantities and onc…
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