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Study sets matching "term:marine ecosystems = ecosystems found in the ocean"

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Study sets matching "term:marine ecosystems = ecosystems found in the ocean"

24 terms
The Oceans- Chapter 9: Marine Ecosystems
Summarize the reasons for the relative…
What is the 10% rule of ecological eff…
Define "limiting factor" and briefly e…
All other factors being equal, how doe…
Marine ecological efficiency is relatively low for many reaso…
The 10% rule of ecological efficiency means that 10% of the t…
According to the law of the minimum, the growth and well bein…
All other factors being equal, the rate at which carbon dioxi…
Summarize the reasons for the relative…
Marine ecological efficiency is relatively low for many reaso…
What is the 10% rule of ecological eff…
The 10% rule of ecological efficiency means that 10% of the t…
44 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Red light cannot penetrate deep into t…
Sulfur fixing, chemotrophic bacteria
Energy is recycled back into the ocean.
They must be able to eat whatever swim…
Why are most deep sea animals red?
What is the main source of energy at hydrothermal vents?
What role do whale falls play in the ocean community?
Fish in the deep sea tend to have large mouths and sharp teet…
Red light cannot penetrate deep into t…
Why are most deep sea animals red?
Sulfur fixing, chemotrophic bacteria
What is the main source of energy at hydrothermal vents?
16 terms
Marine Ecosystems
marine
marine ecosystem
phytoplankton
zooplankton
relating to the sea and the creatures that live there
an ecosystem that is based on salt water
microscopic photosynthetic organisms that float near the surf…
small animals that feed on phytoplankton, form the base of th…
marine
relating to the sea and the creatures that live there
marine ecosystem
an ecosystem that is based on salt water
90 terms
Test 1: Marine Ecosystems, Ocean History, Currents
If an animal is considered benthic, it…
If an animal is considered pelagic, it…
The aphotic zone is a part of the wate…
Reminder question: Which of the follow…
At or near the bottom of the ocean
In the water column
Sunlight
A trench
If an animal is considered benthic, it…
At or near the bottom of the ocean
If an animal is considered pelagic, it…
In the water column
32 terms
Ocean ecosystems
Estuary
Estuary
Estuary
Estuary
A habitat in which the fresh water of a river meets the salt…
They are partially enclosed bodies where seawater is diluted…
serve as an important habitat for many marine species, buffer…
They also act as a filtering system to remove some chemical e…
Estuary
A habitat in which the fresh water of a river meets the salt…
Estuary
They are partially enclosed bodies where seawater is diluted…
6 terms
Marine Ecosystems
marine ecosystems
plankton
The Intertidal Zone
The Neritic Zone
ecosystems in the ocean
tiny organisms that float near the surface of the water.
the place where ocean meets the land.
The water becomes deeper and the ocean floor starts to slope…
marine ecosystems
ecosystems in the ocean
plankton
tiny organisms that float near the surface of the water.
14 terms
Marine Ecosystems
estuary
marine ecosystem
upwelling
photosynthesis
place where freshwater from rivers meet and mixes with salt w…
is an ocean environment that supports all life on Earth
is the movement of cold nutrient rich water from deep layers…
the process by which the cells of plants and some other organ…
estuary
place where freshwater from rivers meet and mixes with salt w…
marine ecosystem
is an ocean environment that supports all life on Earth
44 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Red light cannot penetrate deep into t…
Sulfur fixing, chemotrophic bacteria
Energy is recycled back into the ocean.
They must be able to eat whatever swim…
Why are most deep sea animals red?
What is the main source of energy at hydrothermal vents?
What role do whale falls play in the ocean community?
Fish in the deep sea tend to have large mouths and sharp teet…
Red light cannot penetrate deep into t…
Why are most deep sea animals red?
Sulfur fixing, chemotrophic bacteria
What is the main source of energy at hydrothermal vents?
12 terms
Marine Ecosystems
ecosystem
conservation
biotic
abiotic
Abiotic and biotic factors in a community
Protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment
Living
Non-living
ecosystem
Abiotic and biotic factors in a community
conservation
Protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment
20 terms
Marine Ecosystem Trivia Pursuit Game- Open Ocean
Where is life mostly found? (1pt)
Organisms are more abundant in _______…
What is the most dominant organism in…
Nekton fish are what type of animal? (…
Photic zone
Upwelling
Plankton
Mammal
Where is life mostly found? (1pt)
Photic zone
Organisms are more abundant in _______…
Upwelling
8 terms
Ocean Ecosystems
Estuary
Intertidal Zone
Photic Zone
Bathyal Zone
where fresh and salt water meet
the zone where the tide is always changing (high and low tide)
the first zone of the ocean, shallow and lots of light
the middle of the ocean, dark and increasing temperatures and…
Estuary
where fresh and salt water meet
Intertidal Zone
the zone where the tide is always changing (high and low tide)
44 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Red light cannot penetrate deep into t…
chemosynthetic bacteria
Energy is recycled back into the ocean…
They must be able to eat whatever swim…
Why are most deep sea animals red?
What is the main source of energy at hydrothermal vents?
What role do whale falls play in the ocean community?
Fish in the deep sea tend to have large mouths and sharp teet…
Red light cannot penetrate deep into t…
Why are most deep sea animals red?
chemosynthetic bacteria
What is the main source of energy at hydrothermal vents?
9 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Over Fishing
Food Chain Pyramid
Plankton
Whale
has become a serious problem and has often ... featured on the N…
The width of each layer represents the number of organisms ... p…
Microscopic creatures that whales eat and are the base of the…
Is the biggest predator of the big blue sea that is a mammal.
Over Fishing
has become a serious problem and has often ... featured on the N…
Food Chain Pyramid
The width of each layer represents the number of organisms ... p…
10 terms
marine ecosystems
littoral zone
benthic zone
eutrophic lake
phytoplankton
shallow area close to the shores of lakes and ponds, full of…
bottom of a body of water, inhabited by decomposers, insect l…
lake with a large amount of plant nutrients
photosynthetic organisms that dominate the open water,
littoral zone
shallow area close to the shores of lakes and ponds, full of…
benthic zone
bottom of a body of water, inhabited by decomposers, insect l…
7 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Salinity
Eutrophication
Brackish waters
Plankton
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
Water which is saltier than river water but less salty than s…
Tiny organisms that float in the water
Salinity
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
Eutrophication
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
10 terms
Marine Ecosystems
intertidal zone
neritic zone
bathyal zone
abyssal zone
shoreline area between high and low tides. Contains tidal pools
second closest area to shore. May be very shallow in some pla…
extends from neritic zone to ocean bottom. This zone ranges f…
deepest zone. No sunlight reaches this zone, so no photosynth…
intertidal zone
shoreline area between high and low tides. Contains tidal pools
neritic zone
second closest area to shore. May be very shallow in some pla…
10 terms
Ocean Ecosystems
Continental Shelf
Continental Slope
Abyssal Plain
Mid-ocean ridge
Shallow, gently sloping area with a variety of marine life.
The transition area between the continental shelf and the aby…
The broad, flat area of the deep ocean.
An area formed when ocean plates pull apart and molten materi…
Continental Shelf
Shallow, gently sloping area with a variety of marine life.
Continental Slope
The transition area between the continental shelf and the aby…
7 terms
Marine Ecosystems
salinity
entrophication
brackish waters
plankton
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
An increase in the amount of nutrients, such as nitrates, in…
Water which is saltier than river water but less salty than s…
Tiny organisms that float in the water
salinity
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
entrophication
An increase in the amount of nutrients, such as nitrates, in…
7 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Coastal Wetlands
estuary
Salt Marsh
mangrove swamps
Coastal land areas that are covered by salt water for all or…
an area in which fresh water form a river mixes with salt wat…
where rivers deposit their load of mineral-rich mud
dense growths of mangrove trees in swampy ares that are found…
Coastal Wetlands
Coastal land areas that are covered by salt water for all or…
estuary
an area in which fresh water form a river mixes with salt wat…
49 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Diatoms
Dinoflagellates
Coccolithophores
Prochlorococcus
Plankton... Pelagic... Neritic... Autotrophic... Open Ocean
Autotrophic... Plankton... Benthic... Motile... Open Ocean
Plankton... Open ocean... Autotrophic... Pelagic... Neritic
Open Ocean... Plankton... Autotrophic... Pelagic... Neritic
Diatoms
Plankton... Pelagic... Neritic... Autotrophic... Open Ocean
Dinoflagellates
Autotrophic... Plankton... Benthic... Motile... Open Ocean
16 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Intertidal zones
Heterotrophs
Estuaries
Coral reefs
periodically submerged/exposed; organisms stratified by toler…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
transition area river/sea; water column often stratified; sal…
Calcium carbonate (CaCO3) skeleton of coral animals; mostly t…
Intertidal zones
periodically submerged/exposed; organisms stratified by toler…
Heterotrophs
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
7 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Salinity
Eutrophication
Brackish Waters
Plankton
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
Water which is saltier than river water but less salty than s…
Tiny organisms that float in the water
Salinity
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
Eutrophication
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
14 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Marine ecosystem
Phytoplankton
Zooplankton
Intertidal zone
Ecosystem based on salty water
Microscopic organisms that float near the surface of the water.
Consumers that feed on phytoplankton
Area where the ocean meets the land
Marine ecosystem
Ecosystem based on salty water
Phytoplankton
Microscopic organisms that float near the surface of the water.
9 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Marine Ecosystem
Hydrothermal Vent
Nekton
Upwelling
an ecosystem that is based on saltwater
Geyser on the seafloor, created where tectonic plates move ap…
organisms that can actively swim ( both vertebrates and inver…
the process by which warm, less-dense surface water is drawn…
Marine Ecosystem
an ecosystem that is based on saltwater
Hydrothermal Vent
Geyser on the seafloor, created where tectonic plates move ap…
6 terms
Ocean Ecosystem
Intertidal Zone
Neritic Zone
Oceanic Zone
Benthic Zone
Area by beach. Animals need live both in and out of water bec…
Area that gets much sunlight and waters are warm. Many plants…
Deeper area that receives some sunlight. Larger ocean animals…
Deepest area of ocean receives no sunlight. Weird animals get…
Intertidal Zone
Area by beach. Animals need live both in and out of water bec…
Neritic Zone
Area that gets much sunlight and waters are warm. Many plants…
25 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Intertidal Zone
Neritic Zone
Oceanic Zone
Abyssal Plain
The area that stretches from the high-tide line on land out t…
The part of the ocean that extends from the low-tide line out…
The region of water lying over deep areas beyond the continen…
The vast flat lands beyond the continental shelf that cover a…
Intertidal Zone
The area that stretches from the high-tide line on land out t…
Neritic Zone
The part of the ocean that extends from the low-tide line out…
15 terms
Ocean Ecosystem
gyre
current
marine biology
upwelling
the large, circular surface-current pattern found in each ocean
A large stream of moving water that flows through the oceans
study of organisms that live in the ocean
The movement of deep, cold, and nutrient-rich water to the su…
gyre
the large, circular surface-current pattern found in each ocean
current
A large stream of moving water that flows through the oceans
8 terms
Marine ecosystems
Open ocean
Coral reef
Kelp forest
Mangrove forest
Enviorment far from landforms with plenty of light and witer…
Warm shallow environments; built from sea floor; rich diversi…
Sunny environment with defense fast growing seaweed
Environment with warm temperatures; tree roots are covered du…
Open ocean
Enviorment far from landforms with plenty of light and witer…
Coral reef
Warm shallow environments; built from sea floor; rich diversi…
12 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Plankton
Intertidal zone
neritic zone
oceanic zone
mass of mostly microscopic organisms that float or drift free…
where the ocean meets the land
water becomes deeper and the ocean floor starts to slope down…
sea floor drops sharply-deep water open ocean
Plankton
mass of mostly microscopic organisms that float or drift free…
Intertidal zone
where the ocean meets the land
32 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Horizontal structure
Vertical structure
light
blue
1. littoral (intertidal) zone... 2. neritic zone... 3. oceanic zone
1. epipelagic zone... 2. mesopelagic zone... 3. bathypelagic zone... 4…
80% solar energy reaching surface of ocean absorbed first 10 m
due to absorption of red yellow green (most of ocean absent o…
Horizontal structure
1. littoral (intertidal) zone... 2. neritic zone... 3. oceanic zone
Vertical structure
1. epipelagic zone... 2. mesopelagic zone... 3. bathypelagic zone... 4…
21 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Abiotic Factor
Biotic
Niche
Carrying Capacity
Abiotic factors are the non-living parts of an organism's hab…
Living
Full range of physical and biological conditions in which an…
Largest number of individuals of a population that a environm…
Abiotic Factor
Abiotic factors are the non-living parts of an organism's hab…
Biotic
Living
15 terms
marine ecosystems
This zone has the warmest temperature
The Intertidal zone, The neritic zone,…
Intertidal zone
The neritic zone
The Surface Zone
Name the four ocean zones.
Where the ocean meets the land
What ocean zone has warm water and sunlight
This zone has the warmest temperature
The Surface Zone
The Intertidal zone, The neritic zone,…
Name the four ocean zones.
21 terms
marine ecosystems
abiotic factors of marine ecosystems
plankton
temperature
intertidal zone
abiotic factors of marine ecosystems are water temperature, w…
plankton are tiny organisms that float near the surface of wa…
the warmth or coldness a certain place or thing measured in d…
the intertidal zone is where the ocean meets the land. Waves…
abiotic factors of marine ecosystems
abiotic factors of marine ecosystems are water temperature, w…
plankton
plankton are tiny organisms that float near the surface of wa…
25 terms
Oceans and Ecosystems
Upwelling
Salinity
Estuaries
Hydrothermal Vents
based on wind and currents, surface waters are pushed offshor…
the amount of dissolved solids in a liquid. (most commonly re…
the areas where salt water and fresh water mix, and are found…
openings in the deep ocean floor that come from volcanic acti…
Upwelling
based on wind and currents, surface waters are pushed offshor…
Salinity
the amount of dissolved solids in a liquid. (most commonly re…
18 terms
Ocean Ecosystems
attenuation
salinity
nitrate/phosphate
Littoral
when light loses strength with depth, even in clear water bec…
measures in ppt (parts per thousand)
encourage plant growth
intertidal zone (left of continental shell)
attenuation
when light loses strength with depth, even in clear water bec…
salinity
measures in ppt (parts per thousand)
20 terms
Marine Ecosystems
The base of the ocean's food chains is…
True or False: The amount of plankton…
The place where the ocean meets the la…
The ocean floor, some parts of which g…
plankton
False
intertidal
benthic
The base of the ocean's food chains is…
plankton
True or False: The amount of plankton…
False
38 terms
Ocean Ecosystems
Dissolved oxygen is measured in mg/L
Salinity is measured in ppt
Water is known as the "Universal Solve…
During photosynthesis the conversion o…
True
True
True
True
Dissolved oxygen is measured in mg/L
True
Salinity is measured in ppt
True
7 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Salinity
Estuary
Brackish Water
Plankton
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
A habitat in which the fresh water of a river meets the salt…
mixture of fresh and salt water
Tiny organisms that float in the water
Salinity
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
Estuary
A habitat in which the fresh water of a river meets the salt…
8 terms
marine ecosystem
salinty
eutrophication
brackish waters
`plankton
The concentration of salts in a liquid
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
Water which is saltier than river water but less salty than s…
the small and microscopic organisms drifting or floating in t…
salinty
The concentration of salts in a liquid
eutrophication
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
Marine Ecosystems
overfishing
EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone)
biodiversity
marine reserves
catching fish at a faster rate than they can reproduce
__ __ __ is established by the treaty that 200 nautical mile…
The diversity of life forms in an environment.
areas where fishing is prohibited
overfishing
catching fish at a faster rate than they can reproduce
EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone)
__ __ __ is established by the treaty that 200 nautical mile…
22 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Ocean Productivity
Foundation Species
Overfishing
Roe Stripping
Upswellings (krill, yum) over continental shelves over open o…
Species with high economic value (cod, herring, tuna), huge p…
Decline in striped bass fisheries. US fishing is not what it…
Method for obtaining fish eggs for caviar
Ocean Productivity
Upswellings (krill, yum) over continental shelves over open o…
Foundation Species
Species with high economic value (cod, herring, tuna), huge p…
22 terms
Marine Ecosystems
polyps
zooanthellae
night
nematocysts
individual coral animals
photosynthetic algae that live in the tissue of corals
most corals feed at_______________.
stinging cells on corals
polyps
individual coral animals
zooanthellae
photosynthetic algae that live in the tissue of corals
7 terms
MARINE ECOSYSTEMS
SALINITY
Eutrophication
brackish waters
plankton
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
Water which is saltier than river water but less salty than s…
Tiny organisms that float in the water
SALINITY
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
Eutrophication
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
7 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Abiotic factors that affect marine eco…
Plankton... (Base of the Food Chain)
Intertidal areas... (Organisms have adapt…
Coral reefs... (Made of skeletons of smal…
Water temperature- surface zone, thermocline, deep zone... Water…
Tiny organisms that float near the surface of the water. They…
Near the shore(beaches, rocky shores, and mudflats)
Found in the neurotic zone. Corals live in this ecosystems. A…
Abiotic factors that affect marine eco…
Water temperature- surface zone, thermocline, deep zone... Water…
Plankton... (Base of the Food Chain)
Tiny organisms that float near the surface of the water. They…
9 terms
Marine ecosystems
ocean ecosystem on the brink of collapse
excess nutrients can spawn massive blo…
El Niño is wreaking havoc with an unpr…
whale strandings
écosystèmes marins au bord de la rupture
l'excédent de nutriments peut engendrer des proliférations ma…
El Nino cause des ravages avec une saison des ouragans sans p…
échouements de baleine
ocean ecosystem on the brink of collapse
écosystèmes marins au bord de la rupture
excess nutrients can spawn massive blo…
l'excédent de nutriments peut engendrer des proliférations ma…
13 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Law of Minimum
Azoic Hypothesis
Biotic
Dinoflagellates
the growth and well-being of an organism is limited by the es…
deep ocean SUPPORTS LIFE
Living
no solid covering... many are BIOLUMINESCENT (will glow)
Law of Minimum
the growth and well-being of an organism is limited by the es…
Azoic Hypothesis
deep ocean SUPPORTS LIFE
8 terms
Marine ecosystems
Intertidal zone
Neretic zone
Intertidal zone + Neretic zone
Oceanic/Pelagic zone
area between high and low tide... organisms ("clingers") adapte…
0-200 meters off shore
98% of species, shallow marine environment
epipelagic, mesopelagic, bathypelagic, abyssal
Intertidal zone
area between high and low tide... organisms ("clingers") adapte…
Neretic zone
0-200 meters off shore
9 terms
Ocean Ecosystems
mangrove forests
estuaries
kelp forests
seamount
threatened by shrimp farming
most threatened ecosystem on earth
dominated by algae
submerged atolls
mangrove forests
threatened by shrimp farming
estuaries
most threatened ecosystem on earth
59 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Why are rocky shore ecosystems extensi…
Why does the structure of rocky shores…
Three parts of the shore
Features of supralittoral zone
Diversive, accessible and can be manipulated easily
Water movement results in gradual transition between the mari…
Supralittoral (spray) zone, littoral zone, and infralittoral…
Splash zone, influenced by salt spray, salt tolerant lichens
Why are rocky shore ecosystems extensi…
Diversive, accessible and can be manipulated easily
Why does the structure of rocky shores…
Water movement results in gradual transition between the mari…
25 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Intertidal Zone
Neritic Zone
Oceanic Zone
Abyssal Plain
The area that stretches from the high-tide line on land out t…
The part of the ocean that extends from the low-tide line out…
The region of water lying over deep areas beyond the continen…
The vast flat lands beyond the continental shelf that cover a…
Intertidal Zone
The area that stretches from the high-tide line on land out t…
Neritic Zone
The part of the ocean that extends from the low-tide line out…
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