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Study sets matching "term:mendel = observed patterns in the first and second generations of his crosses"

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Study sets matching "term:mendel = observed patterns in the first and second generations of his crosses"

11 terms
Chapter 5 Section 1 "Mendel and His Peas"
Heredity
Gregor Mendel
Self-Pollinating Plant
True Breeding Plant
The passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring.
Discovered the principles of heredity while studying pea plan…
Has both male and female reproductive structures, so pollen f…
A plant in which self-pollination results in offspring that h…
Heredity
The passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring.
Gregor Mendel
Discovered the principles of heredity while studying pea plan…
43 terms
Chapter 14- Mendel & the Gene Idea
Mendel and scientific approach
True-breeding
Hybridization
P generation
*Mendel used the scientific approach to identify 2 laws of in…
plants that produce offspring of the same variety when they s…
in a typical experiment, Mendel mated 2 contrasting, true bre…
the true breeding parents
Mendel and scientific approach
*Mendel used the scientific approach to identify 2 laws of in…
True-breeding
plants that produce offspring of the same variety when they s…
5.1 Mendel and his Peas (harder)
heredity
pollination
self-pollinating plant
cross-pollination
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
pollen from the anther (male reproductive organ) is transferr…
a plant that has both male reproductive organs (anthers) and…
pollen from one plant fertilizes the ovule of another plant
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
pollination
pollen from the anther (male reproductive organ) is transferr…
5 terms
mendel and heredity
trait
genetics
purebred
cross
Characteristics that are inherited, such as eye color, leaf s…
The study of biological inheritance patterns and variation in…
Inherits all of the parent organism's characteristics - they…
The mating of 2 organisms
trait
Characteristics that are inherited, such as eye color, leaf s…
genetics
The study of biological inheritance patterns and variation in…
5 terms
Mendel and Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Purebred
Cross
Characteristics that are inherited, such as eye color, leaf s…
The study of biological inheritance patterns and variation in…
Inherits all of the parent organism's characteristics - they…
The mating of 2 organisms
Trait
Characteristics that are inherited, such as eye color, leaf s…
Genetics
The study of biological inheritance patterns and variation in…
5 terms
Mendel and heredity
trait
genetics
purebred
cross
characteristics that are inherited, such as eye color, leaf s…
the study of biological inheritance patterns and variation in…
inherits all of the parent organisms characteristics - they a…
the making of 2 organisms
trait
characteristics that are inherited, such as eye color, leaf s…
genetics
the study of biological inheritance patterns and variation in…
38 terms
biology 6.3
mendels research showed that traits ar…
example of : traits are inherited char…
genetics
Gregor Mendel
What did Mendels research show?
eye color, hair color
______ is the study of biological inheritance patterns and va…
____ _______ showed that traits are inherited as discrete units
mendels research showed that traits ar…
What did Mendels research show?
example of : traits are inherited char…
eye color, hair color
5 terms
Mendel & Heredity
Traits
Genetics
Purebred
Cross
characteristics that are inherited such as eye color, leaf sh…
is the study of biological inheritance patterns and variation…
line of plants self-pollinates for long enough, the plants be…
mating of 2 organisms
Traits
characteristics that are inherited such as eye color, leaf sh…
Genetics
is the study of biological inheritance patterns and variation…
11 terms
Mendel and His Peas
Genetics
3 reasons why pea plants were ideal fo…
When a true-breeding plant self pollin…
When a true-breeding pea plant with wr…
The study of how traits are passed from parents to offspring.
1)Reproduce quickly... 2)Easily observed traits... 3)Control which…
Match the parent
Wrinkled
Genetics
The study of how traits are passed from parents to offspring.
3 reasons why pea plants were ideal fo…
1)Reproduce quickly... 2)Easily observed traits... 3)Control which…
Chapter 9: Patterns of Inheritance - Mendel and His Discoveries
Gregor Mendel
Heredity... Locus... Alleles... Genetics
Reason for selecting pea plant
Self Pollination
Father of Genetics ... ... In the years 1856 - 1863 carried out hi…
- the transmission of genetic traits ... from one generation to…
Can be self or cross pollinated ( the deposition of pollen gr…
Pollen from the anther (male) of a plant falls on the stigma…
Gregor Mendel
Father of Genetics ... ... In the years 1856 - 1863 carried out hi…
Heredity... Locus... Alleles... Genetics
- the transmission of genetic traits ... from one generation to…
12 terms
6.3 Mendel and Heredity
Traits
Genetics
Purebread
Cross
Distinguishing characteristics that are inherited, such as ey…
The study of biological inheritance patterns and variation in…
bred from parents of the same breed or variety
The mating of two organisms
Traits
Distinguishing characteristics that are inherited, such as ey…
Genetics
The study of biological inheritance patterns and variation in…
53 terms
Chapter 14 Mendel and the Gene idea (punnet square studies)
Gregor mendel
Blending hypothesis
Mendel's Experiments... With pea plants
Mendel's Experiments... Of TB
Discovered the basic principles of heredity by breading garde…
The "blending" hypothesis is the idea that genetic material f…
Advantages of pea plants for genetic study:... -There are many v…
Mendel used varieties that were true-breeding (plants that pr…
Gregor mendel
Discovered the basic principles of heredity by breading garde…
Blending hypothesis
The "blending" hypothesis is the idea that genetic material f…
97 terms
Campbell Biology: Ninth Edition - Chapter 14&15 Mendel and the Gene Idea
Concept 14.1 Mendel used the scientifi…
Character
Trait
True-Breeding
The Law of Segregation ... The Law of Independent Assortment
An observable heritable feature that may vary among individua…
One of two or more detectable variants in a genetic character.
Referring to organisms that produce offspring of the same var…
Concept 14.1 Mendel used the scientifi…
The Law of Segregation ... The Law of Independent Assortment
Character
An observable heritable feature that may vary among individua…
12 terms
Mendel and heredity
What are the three ways mendel regulat…
Purebred
Cross
P
Used purebreed plants... Controlled breeding... Observation of seve…
Homogenous-unbroken line of traits. No other traits within or…
The mating of two organisms
Parental generation crossed to produce F1 generation
What are the three ways mendel regulat…
Used purebreed plants... Controlled breeding... Observation of seve…
Purebred
Homogenous-unbroken line of traits. No other traits within or…
38 terms
Bio Chapter 8: sections 1 & 2
Heredity
Genetics
Gregor Johann Mendel
T. A. Knight
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
Branch of science that focuses on heredity
Carried out experiments with pea plants and was able to predi…
A British farmer who crossed pea plants and observed the colo…
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
Genetics
Branch of science that focuses on heredity
112 terms
Ch 14: Mendel and the Gene
Who, in 1865, worked out the rules of…
Early in the 20th century, _______ and…
What does the chromosome theory of inh…
the branch of biology that focuses on…
Gregor Mendel
Walter Sutton and Theodor Boveri
That meiosis causes the patterns of inheritance that Mendel o…
genetics
Who, in 1865, worked out the rules of…
Gregor Mendel
Early in the 20th century, _______ and…
Walter Sutton and Theodor Boveri
Genetics
Probability
Heredity patterns
What does probability predict
Accurate
The likelihood that something will happen
Calculated by probability
An average number of occurrences not an exact number of occur…
The larger the sample, the more ______________ the prediction…
Probability
The likelihood that something will happen
Heredity patterns
Calculated by probability
49 terms
Patterns of Inheritance (Genetics)
genetics
Gregor Mendel
self-fertilize
cross-fertiliztion
The scientific study of heredity
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
A form of reproduction that involves fusion of sperm and egg…
fertilization of one plant by pollen from a different plant
genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
41 terms
Patterns of Inheritance
genetics
Gregor Mendel
self-fertilize
cross-fertiliztion
The scientific study of heredity
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
A form of reproduction that involves fusion of sperm and egg…
fertilization of one plant by pollen from a different plant
genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
37 terms
U2AoS2: Topic 4 - Patterns of inheritance
autosomal dominant
autosomal inheritance
autosomal recessive
biochemical genetic testing
a type of pattern of inheritance showing a dominant trait car…
inheritance of a genetic trait located on the autosomes
a type of pattern of inheritance showing a recessive trait ca…
genetic testing which studies the amount or activity level of…
autosomal dominant
a type of pattern of inheritance showing a dominant trait car…
autosomal inheritance
inheritance of a genetic trait located on the autosomes
23 terms
Mendel and The Gene
independent assortment
chromosome theory of inheritance
Genetics
Character
alleles of different genes are transmitted to egg cells and s…
proposes meiosis causes the patterns of inheritance that mend…
branch of biology that focuses on genetics
any feature of an organism that can be inherited such as flow…
independent assortment
alleles of different genes are transmitted to egg cells and s…
chromosome theory of inheritance
proposes meiosis causes the patterns of inheritance that mend…
79 terms
Biology 202 Chapter 14: Mendel and the Gene Idea
The "blending" hypothesis is the idea…
The "particulate" hypothesis is the id…
Mendel documented a particulate mechan…
Advantages of pea plants for genetic s…
genetic material from the two parents blends together (like b…
reappearance of traits after several generations
garden peas
There are many varieties with distinct heritable features, or…
The "blending" hypothesis is the idea…
genetic material from the two parents blends together (like b…
The "particulate" hypothesis is the id…
reappearance of traits after several generations
29 terms
Mendel and principles of genetics
heredity
characteristics passed on are called__…
genetics
Gregor Mendel
passing of characteristics from parents to offspring
traits
study of heredity
studied math and botany... experimented using the scientific met…
heredity
passing of characteristics from parents to offspring
characteristics passed on are called__…
traits
79 terms
Academic Biology: Chapter 9
Heredity
Inheritance
Genetics
1842
The transmittion of traits from parent to offspring?
the traits passed from parent to offspring?
the study of heredity and inheritance
When did Mendel work at the monastery?
Heredity
The transmittion of traits from parent to offspring?
Inheritance
the traits passed from parent to offspring?
79 terms
Biology 202 Chapter 14: Mendel and the Gene Idea
The "blending" hypothesis is the idea…
The "particulate" hypothesis is the id…
Mendel documented a particulate mechan…
Advantages of pea plants for genetic s…
genetic material from the two parents blends together (like b…
reappearance of traits after several generations
garden peas
There are many varieties with distinct heritable features, or…
The "blending" hypothesis is the idea…
genetic material from the two parents blends together (like b…
The "particulate" hypothesis is the id…
reappearance of traits after several generations
34 terms
Ch11: Patterns of Inheritance
Gregor Mendel
True-breeding
Punnett square
Monohybrid cross
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…
A cross between two individuals, concentrating on only one de…
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
True-breeding
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
44 terms
Biology: Gregor Mendel and the Laws of Heredity
Heredity
Genetics
Traits
Who was Gregor Mendel?
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
The part of biology that studies heredity
Characteristics that are passed from parent to offspring
1. The 1st person to successfully study heredity... 2. Austrian…
Heredity
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
Genetics
The part of biology that studies heredity
15 terms
Gregor Mendel
Gregor Mendel lived from
Mendel was from
Mendel studied
Facors
1822-1884
Moravia (Czech Republic)
peas
Genes
Gregor Mendel lived from
1822-1884
Mendel was from
Moravia (Czech Republic)
17 terms
BIO 2 Unit 12 Patterns of Inheritance
Genotype
Phenotype
Allele
Heterozygous
the combination of genes an organism has for a trait
the observable expression of the genotype of an organism
a different form or kind of gene for the same trait
an organism that has 2 different alleles for the same trait
Genotype
the combination of genes an organism has for a trait
Phenotype
the observable expression of the genotype of an organism
111 terms
chapter 14- mendel and the gene
gregor mendel
In 1865, Gregor Mendel worked out the…
Early in the 20th century, Walter Sutt…
chromosome theory of inheritance
1822-1884 ... Monk at the Abbey of... St. Thomas in Brno... • Studied…
inheritance through a series of brilliant experiments on gard…
chromosome theory of inheritance
proposes that meiosis causes the patterns of inheritance that…
gregor mendel
1822-1884 ... Monk at the Abbey of... St. Thomas in Brno... • Studied…
In 1865, Gregor Mendel worked out the…
inheritance through a series of brilliant experiments on gard…
68 terms
Mendel and Genetics Biology 1 Semester 2 Final
T/F: Genetics is the branch of biology…
T/F: Mendel discovered predictable pat…
T/F: Plants in Mendel's P generation w…
T/F: Mendel based his principles on hi…
True
True
False
True
T/F: Genetics is the branch of biology…
True
T/F: Mendel discovered predictable pat…
True
58 terms
More on Chapter 6 Meiosis and Mendel
What is the difference between body ce…
How many chromosomes does each of your…
What are homologous cells
Are the genes on chromosomes the same?
Body cells are somatic cells, gametes are sex cells
46 or 23 pairs
two chromosomes, one inheried from the mother an one from the…
Yes, but they may differ ie. gene for hair color might be blo…
What is the difference between body ce…
Body cells are somatic cells, gametes are sex cells
How many chromosomes does each of your…
46 or 23 pairs
5 terms
Heredity
Traits
Genetics
Purebred
Cross
Characteristics that are inherited, such as eye color, leaf s…
Is the study of biological inheritance patterns and variation…
Generically unifrom
Mating of two organisms
Traits
Characteristics that are inherited, such as eye color, leaf s…
Genetics
Is the study of biological inheritance patterns and variation…
68 terms
Mendel and Genetics Biology 1 Semester 2 Final
T/F: Genetics is the branch of biology…
T/F: Mendel discovered predictable pat…
T/F: Plants in Mendel's P generation w…
T/F: Mendel based his principles on hi…
True
True
False
True
T/F: Genetics is the branch of biology…
True
T/F: Mendel discovered predictable pat…
True
28 terms
Unit 6: Genetic Crosses and Chromosomal Mutations
Crossing Over
Sex-linked Traits
P1, F1, F2 Generations
Electrophoresis
The exchange of corresponding segments of the chromatids of t…
Traits controlled by genes located on X chromosome (sex chrom…
parent, off-spring, 2nd generation
A technique for separating macromolecules (proteins, RNA, DNA…
Crossing Over
The exchange of corresponding segments of the chromatids of t…
Sex-linked Traits
Traits controlled by genes located on X chromosome (sex chrom…
131 terms
Biology 111 Chapter 14 Mendel and The Gene Idea
what is one possible explanation of he…
blending hypothesis
what is an alternative to the blending…
particulate hypothesis of inheritance:…
blending hypothesis
the idea that genetic material contributed by 2 parents mixes…
particulate hypothesis
parents pass on discrete heritable units, genes
what is one possible explanation of he…
blending hypothesis
blending hypothesis
the idea that genetic material contributed by 2 parents mixes…
103 terms
MCB 11/2 (mendel)
Mendels' peas... Trait, character... Phenoty…
Gregor Mendel
Single Trait Cross
The Principle of Segregation
Where did the concept of genetic dominance come from?
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
cross that examines inheritance of ONE trait (homo-homo, hete…
Each individual possesses 2 alleles that segregate when gamet…
Mendels' peas... Trait, character... Phenoty…
Where did the concept of genetic dominance come from?
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
81 terms
Chapter 14: Mendel and the Gene Idea
"Blending" Hypothesis
Gregor Mendel
Mendel's Laws
*Inheritance of Acquired Traits Hypoth…
• in the 1800s this was the widely favored explanation of her…
• in 1865 he worked out the rules of inheritance... • he was try…
(1) Law of Segregation... (2) Law of Independent Assortment... (3)…
• alternative to the blending hypothesis that arose during Me…
"Blending" Hypothesis
• in the 1800s this was the widely favored explanation of her…
Gregor Mendel
• in 1865 he worked out the rules of inheritance... • he was try…
18 terms
Mendel and His Peas
Heredity
Mendel
Genetics
3 reasons why pea plants were ideal fo…
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Is known as the father of genetics.
The study of how traits are passed from parents to offspring.
1)Reproduce quickly... 2)Easily observed traits... 3)Control which…
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Mendel
Is known as the father of genetics.
9 terms
Mendel And His Peas (Quiz)
Heredity
Describe genetics and why Gregor Mende…
3 reasons Mendel choose pea plants for…
2 ways pea plants pollinate
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
Genetics is the study of how traits are passed from parents t…
-Reproduce quickly ... -Easily observed traits... -Reproduction con…
Sperm+eggs=self pollination ... Sperm+eggs=controlled pollination
Heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
Describe genetics and why Gregor Mende…
Genetics is the study of how traits are passed from parents t…
69 terms
Unit 4 Chapter 14
What principles account for the passin…
The "particulate" hypothesis is
Mendel Documented
Mendel Discovered
The "blending" hypothesis is the idea that genetic material f…
The idea that parents pass on discrete heritable units (genes)
A particulate mechanism through his experiments with garden p…
The basic principles of heredity by breeding garden peas in c…
What principles account for the passin…
The "blending" hypothesis is the idea that genetic material f…
The "particulate" hypothesis is
The idea that parents pass on discrete heritable units (genes)
14 terms
C7 Mendelian Genetics: Origins of Genetics
heredity
Gregor Mendel
garden pea plants
genetics
passing characteristics from parent to offspring
accurate study of heredity began with this Austrian monk at h…
Mendel used different varieties of ...
Mendel could predict patterns of heredity which form modern-d…
heredity
passing characteristics from parent to offspring
Gregor Mendel
accurate study of heredity began with this Austrian monk at h…
68 terms
Honors bio Schwan Mendel and Heredity
charachterisitc that is inherited
study of the heredity patterns and var…
laid the groundwork for the understand…
Gregor Mendel was an
trait
genetics
gregor Mendel
austrian Monk
charachterisitc that is inherited
trait
study of the heredity patterns and var…
genetics
34 terms
Mendelian & Non-Mendelian Genetics
allele
genotype
phenotype
dominant
one form or version of a gene
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
an individual's observable traits, such as height, eye color,…
the allele in a genotype that masks the contribution of a sec…
allele
one form or version of a gene
genotype
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
21 terms
chaptr 10 biology FHARA
inherited
pea plants
gametes
fertilization
Mendel was the first person to succeed in predicting how trai…
Mendel used __________________ plants in his experiments.
In peas, both male and female sex cells _____________ are in…
_____________________ occurs when the male gamete fuses with…
inherited
Mendel was the first person to succeed in predicting how trai…
pea plants
Mendel used __________________ plants in his experiments.
123 terms
Biology Chapter 11
Scientific study of heredity
During sexual reproduction male and fe…
If something was allowed to self polli…
Specific characteristic that varies fr…
Genetics
Fertilization
True Breeding
Trait
Scientific study of heredity
Genetics
During sexual reproduction male and fe…
Fertilization
41 terms
BIO 213 [Lecture] Ch.10 Patterns of Inheritance
Diploid (2n)
Homologous pair
Autosomes
Sex chromosomes
Humans have two copies of each chromosome. 23 pairs, 46 chrom…
The maternal and paternal copies of a chromosome.
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome. Humans have 22 p…
Designated X and Y chromosomes. Humans have 1 pair.
Diploid (2n)
Humans have two copies of each chromosome. 23 pairs, 46 chrom…
Homologous pair
The maternal and paternal copies of a chromosome.
52 terms
Chapter 11: Mendel and the Gene Idea
Character
Trait
Stamen
Carpel
A heritable feature that varies among individuals.
Each variant of a character
Pollen-producing organ of a plant
Egg-bearing organ of a plant
Character
A heritable feature that varies among individuals.
Trait
Each variant of a character
66 terms
mendel chpt. 11 sect 1 and 2
mendel used pea plants to study
a segment of dna that controls a parti…
an alternate form of a gene is called an
the genetic makeup of an organism is c…
cross pollination
gene
allele
genotype
mendel used pea plants to study
cross pollination
a segment of dna that controls a parti…
gene
30 terms
genetics
genetics
heredity
law of dominance
sex linked
the study of heredity
the passing of traits from parent to child
In many traits one allele is dominant over the other allele.…
An inheritance pattern in which traits are controlled by gene…
genetics
the study of heredity
heredity
the passing of traits from parent to child
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