Study sets matching "term:metabolism = sum of all chemical reactions in an organism"

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Study sets matching "term:metabolism = sum of all chemical reactions in an organism"

53 terms
Biochemistry: Chemical Reactions
anabolism
catabolism
endergonic
exergonic
metabolic chemical reactions that build up larger molecules f…
metabolic chemical reactions that break down complex organic…
Are anabolic reactions endergonic or exergonic?
Are catabolic reactions endergonic or exergonic?
anabolism
metabolic chemical reactions that build up larger molecules f…
catabolism
metabolic chemical reactions that break down complex organic…
Enzymes: Metabolic Reactions and Energy Transformations
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Free Energy (Delta G)
the sum of all the chemical reactions in the body of a cell,…
the process that MAKES glucose in plants, requires an INPUT o…
the process that BREAKS DOWN glucose in plants and animals, h…
Amount of energy available after a reaction has occurred
Metabolism
the sum of all the chemical reactions in the body of a cell,…
Photosynthesis
the process that MAKES glucose in plants, requires an INPUT o…
Unit 2: Enzymes & Chemical Reactions
Enzyme
Active site
Substrate
Exergonic
A protein that can catalyze a reaction
The part of an enzyme's surface that can "grab" onto a substr…
The molecule upon which an enzyme acts
A type of chemical reaction that releases energy
Enzyme
A protein that can catalyze a reaction
Active site
The part of an enzyme's surface that can "grab" onto a substr…
12 terms
Chemical reactions
activation energy
buffer
catalyst
chemical equilibrium
The energy required to start a chemical reaction.
A substance which will resist changes in pH within reasonable…
Any substance which accelerates a chemical reaction without b…
When a reversible reaction is occurring in both directions at…
activation energy
The energy required to start a chemical reaction.
buffer
A substance which will resist changes in pH within reasonable…
Cellular metabolism
Metabolism
anabolism
catabolism
enzyme
Sum total of all the chemical reactions that are carried out…
building up of chemical reactions
breaking down chemical reactions
speeds up a chemical reaction without itself being consumed.
Metabolism
Sum total of all the chemical reactions that are carried out…
anabolism
building up of chemical reactions
15 terms
Cellular metabolism
Metabolism
anabolism
catabolism
enzyme
Sum total of all the chemical reactions that are carried out…
building up of chemical reactions
breaking down chemical reactions
speeds up a chemical reaction without itself being consumed.
Metabolism
Sum total of all the chemical reactions that are carried out…
anabolism
building up of chemical reactions
19 terms
Chapter 6: Chemical Reactions
Reactants
Products
Chemical Energy
Exothermic Reaction
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
A substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction.
The energy released when a chemical compound reacts to produc…
A reaction that releases energy in the form of heat.
Reactants
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
Products
A substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction.
Properties of Life
Homeostasis
Heredity
Reproduction
Metabolism
Maintain a stable internal environment
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Not necessary for the proliferation of the individual but for…
The sum of all chemical reactions in an organism.
Homeostasis
Maintain a stable internal environment
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
10 terms
A1 #3 Biochemical Reactions
activation energy
anabolic reaction
biochemical reaction
catabolic reaction
energy needed to start a chemical reaction
endothermic reaction in organisms
chemical reaction that occurs inside the cells of living things
exothermic reaction in organisms
activation energy
energy needed to start a chemical reaction
anabolic reaction
endothermic reaction in organisms
17 terms
Chemical Reactions in Metabolic Processes
Activation Energy
Catalyst
Metabolism
Catabolism
Energy needed to start a chemical reaction
Accelerates the rate of the reaction
Chemical reactions that occur in biological systems
Breakdown of substances
Activation Energy
Energy needed to start a chemical reaction
Catalyst
Accelerates the rate of the reaction
2.2 Biochemical Reactions
activation energy
anabolic reaction
biochemical reaction
catabolic reaction
The energy needed to start a chemical reaction
endothermic reaction in organisms
chemical reactions that take place inside the cells of living…
Exothermic reactions in organisms
activation energy
The energy needed to start a chemical reaction
anabolic reaction
endothermic reaction in organisms
Biochemistry-Chemical Reactions
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Catalyst
the process of making or breaking chemical bonds
the molecules on the left side of a chemical equation (what y…
the molecules on the right side of a chemical equation (what…
anything that speeds up/drives forward chemical reactions
Chemical Reaction
the process of making or breaking chemical bonds
Reactant
the molecules on the left side of a chemical equation (what y…
14 terms
Chapter 1 What is an Organism? B/C alt
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
cell
homeostasis
two parents are needed to make a new organism
only one parent is needed to make a new organism
smallest, basic (simplest) unit of life
keep internal conditions steady/stable
sexual reproduction
two parents are needed to make a new organism
asexual reproduction
only one parent is needed to make a new organism
6 terms
Chemical Reactions
synthesis reaction/dehydration synthesis
anabolism
endergonic reaction
hydrolysis/decomposition reaction
a chemical reaction involving the loss of a water molecule
the sum of all the synthesis reactions in an organism
a chemical reaction that stores or absorbs energy
using water to break chemical bonds
synthesis reaction/dehydration synthesis
a chemical reaction involving the loss of a water molecule
anabolism
the sum of all the synthesis reactions in an organism
Chemical reactions
Chemical reaction
Reactants
Products
Synthesis reaction
Process that changes some chemical substances into other chem…
Substances that start a chemical reaction
Substances that form from a chemical reaction
Occurs when two or more chemical elements or compounds unite…
Chemical reaction
Process that changes some chemical substances into other chem…
Reactants
Substances that start a chemical reaction
Unit 2 -Chemical Energy
Atom
Nucleus
Proton
Neutron
Smallest unit of a pure substance that still has all the prop…
Center of an atom surrounded by a cloud of electrons
Part of an atom that has a positive electric charge
Part of the atom that has no electric charge
Atom
Smallest unit of a pure substance that still has all the prop…
Nucleus
Center of an atom surrounded by a cloud of electrons
18 terms
Chapter 1 What is an Organism? B/C
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
cell
homeostasis
two parents are needed to make a new organism
only one parent is needed to make a new organism
smallest, basic (simplest) unit of life
keep internal conditions steady/stable
sexual reproduction
two parents are needed to make a new organism
asexual reproduction
only one parent is needed to make a new organism
Characteristics of Life
metabolism
cells
growth & development
reproduction
sum of all the chemical reactions in an organism by which mol…
the smallest unit of life... unicellular/multicellular
process of getting bigger in size;... changes that occur in orga…
making new organisms
metabolism
sum of all the chemical reactions in an organism by which mol…
cells
the smallest unit of life... unicellular/multicellular
70 terms
Organic Compounds, Properties of Water, Chemical Reactions, and Enzymes
Reactants
Products
Chemical Reactions
Products
substances entering reactions
formed by reactions
Processes that change some chemical substances into others
bonds in reactants are broken & atoms are arranged to form pr…
Reactants
substances entering reactions
Products
formed by reactions
10 terms
Biology vocab 2.2 chemical reactions
Activation energy
Anabolic reaction
Biochemical reaction
Catabolic reaction
energy needed to start a chemical reation
reactions that build bigger molecules from smaller ones
chemical reaction that occurs inside the cells of living things
reactions that breakdown molecules
Activation energy
energy needed to start a chemical reation
Anabolic reaction
reactions that build bigger molecules from smaller ones
18 terms
Unit 2: Chemical Reactions (Rxns) of Life
Metabolism
Anabolic reactions
Catabolic reactions
Enzyme (catabolic reactions)
the sum of all chemical changes taking place continuously in…
"building up" rxns... - dehydration synthesis... endergonic - requi…
"breaking down reactions"... - hydrolysis... exergonic - releases e…
- Proteins... - Catalysts for biological reactions... - Reaction sp…
Metabolism
the sum of all chemical changes taking place continuously in…
Anabolic reactions
"building up" rxns... - dehydration synthesis... endergonic - requi…
12 terms
Energy and Chemical Reactions
energy
chemical reaction
reactants
products
is the ability to do work
a process during which chemical bonds between atoms are broke…
element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
energy
is the ability to do work
chemical reaction
a process during which chemical bonds between atoms are broke…
11 terms
Bio Ch 2 Sec 2
energy
chemical reaction
reactant
product
the capacity to do work
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
a substance or molecule that participates in a chemical react…
a substance that forms in a chemical reaction
energy
the capacity to do work
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
12 terms
Enzymes
enzyme
substrate
active site
denature
type of protein in living things that speeds up chemical reac…
molecule that interacts with an enzyme; reactant(s)
shape-specific part of the enzyme where the substrate fits
when a protein changes shape & no longer functions
enzyme
type of protein in living things that speeds up chemical reac…
substrate
molecule that interacts with an enzyme; reactant(s)
Chemical Reactions & Enzymes
chemical reaction
energy
metabolism
exothermic
must begin and end with the same number of atoms, the number…
the ability to move or change matter, exists in many forms th…
the term used to describe all of the chemical reactions that…
energy - releasing reaction
chemical reaction
must begin and end with the same number of atoms, the number…
energy
the ability to move or change matter, exists in many forms th…
15 terms
Enzyme Reactions
metabolism
catabolic
hydrolysis
anabolic
sum of all chemical reactions in an organism
chemical reaction that releases energy involving the breakdow…
reaction which uses water and in which chemical bonds are bro…
reaction that builds complex organic molecules from simpler o…
metabolism
sum of all chemical reactions in an organism
catabolic
chemical reaction that releases energy involving the breakdow…
10 terms
CK-12 Bio. Vocab. 2.2 Biochemical Reactions
enzyme
product
reactant
metabolism
a protein that speeds up a biochemical reaction
a substance that forms as a result of a chemical reaction
a substance that starts a chemical reaction
sum of all the biochemical reactions in an organism
enzyme
a protein that speeds up a biochemical reaction
product
a substance that forms as a result of a chemical reaction
Biology Test 2- Chemical Reactions
Metabolism
Chemical Reactions
Reactants
Products
Sum of all of the chemical reactions occurring in an organism
The process by which one or more substances are changed, prod…
substances or molecules that participate in a chemical reaction
substances formed in a chemical reaction
Metabolism
Sum of all of the chemical reactions occurring in an organism
Chemical Reactions
The process by which one or more substances are changed, prod…
12 terms
Biology - Biochemical Reactions Vocabulary
Activation Energy
Anabolic Reaction
Biochemical Reaction
Catabolic Reaction
The energy needed to start a chemical reaction
Chemical reactions in which simpler substances are combined t…
Chemical reactions that take place inside the cells of living…
Break down molecules into smaller units and RELEASE energy.
Activation Energy
The energy needed to start a chemical reaction
Anabolic Reaction
Chemical reactions in which simpler substances are combined t…
11 terms
Biology: Biochemical Reactions & Energy
Reactant
Product
Chemical Reaction
Energy
starting material in a chemical reaction
substance that forms as the result of a chemical reaction
process that changes some chemical substances into others
ability to do work
Reactant
starting material in a chemical reaction
Product
substance that forms as the result of a chemical reaction
12 terms
Words from Chemistry of Life 2.2 (biochemical reactions and enzymes)
Activation Energy
Anabolic reaction
Biochemical reaction
Catabolic reaction
energy needed to start chemical reaction
endothermic reactions in organisms
Chemical reactions that take place inside the cells of living…
exothermic reactions in organisms
Activation Energy
energy needed to start chemical reaction
Anabolic reaction
endothermic reactions in organisms
An introduction of metabolism
Metabolism
Metabolic pathway
Chemical reaction
Potential energy
A sum of all the chemical reaction occurring in an organism
A series of chemical reaction
Require energy tansformation
Stored energy
Metabolism
A sum of all the chemical reaction occurring in an organism
Metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reaction
Enzymes
activation energy
reactants
enzymes
energy
energy needed for a chemical reaction to take place
speed up chemical reactions by lowering the activation energy
the ability to cause matter to move or change
activation energy
energy needed for a chemical reaction to take place
reactants
10 terms
3.2 Set #3 - Metabolism (HBS 2016-17)
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Calories
All of the chemical reactions that take place in living organ…
Destructive metabolism; the process of breaking down complex…
Constructive metabolism; the process of building up larger mo…
A unit used to measure the energy used by the body and the en…
Metabolism
All of the chemical reactions that take place in living organ…
Catabolism
Destructive metabolism; the process of breaking down complex…
33 terms
Chemical Reactions
chemical reaction
changes in the chemical bonds that joi…
reactants
products
a process that changes one set of chemicals into another set…
What do chemical reactions always involve?
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
chemical reaction
a process that changes one set of chemicals into another set…
changes in the chemical bonds that joi…
What do chemical reactions always involve?
5 terms
Metabolism and roles of energy
Metabolism
Exergonic
Endergonic
Catabolic Reaction
Sum of all chemical reactions occurring in the body of an org…
Reaction that yields more energy than it requires... Example: h…
Reaction that requires more energy than it yields... Example: D…
Reaction that breaks something down
Metabolism
Sum of all chemical reactions occurring in the body of an org…
Exergonic
Reaction that yields more energy than it requires... Example: h…
12 terms
2.1 Molecules to Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Carbon
The sum total of all the enzyme-catalysed reactions going on…
The breakdown of complex molecules into simple molecules, inc…
The synthesis of complex molecules from simple molecules, inc…
Is found in all forms of life except for in the states of car…
Metabolism
The sum total of all the enzyme-catalysed reactions going on…
Catabolism
The breakdown of complex molecules into simple molecules, inc…
5 terms
5.2 Bumper Sticker Vocab
Activation Energy
Anabolic Reaction
Catabolic Reaction
Biochemical Reaction
The energy needed to start a chemical reaction.
Endothermic reactions in organisms
Exothermic reactions in organisms
Chemical reactions that take place inside the cells of living…
Activation Energy
The energy needed to start a chemical reaction.
Anabolic Reaction
Endothermic reactions in organisms
Properties of Life
Homeostasis
Heredity
Reproduction
Metabolism
The maintenance of stable internal conditions despite externa…
The passing of traits from parent(s) to offspring.
Not necessary for the proliferation of an individual, but is…
The sum of all chemical reactions in an organism.
Homeostasis
The maintenance of stable internal conditions despite externa…
Heredity
The passing of traits from parent(s) to offspring.
Metabolism energy and enzymes
Metabolism
Substrates
Mitochondria
Cellular Respiration
Sum of all chemical reactions that occur in a cell
Reactants of an enzymatic reaction
Cellular respiration
Transferred from glucose to ATP
Metabolism
Sum of all chemical reactions that occur in a cell
Substrates
Reactants of an enzymatic reaction
31 terms
Metabolism: An Overview
Metabolism
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Phototrophs
the sum of chemical changes that convert nutrients into energ…
Organisms that can use carbon dioxide as their only source of…
require organic form of carbon, such as glucose, in order to…
photosynthetic organisms
Metabolism
the sum of chemical changes that convert nutrients into energ…
Autotrophs
Organisms that can use carbon dioxide as their only source of…
35 terms
Metabolism and Chemistry of Life
Metabolism
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Amino Acid
Sum total of all chemical reactions in a body
Desired energy source in your body. Give off the most energy…
Make up all structures in your body; made of amino acid chain…
Small carbohydrate like compounds that include nitrogen and m…
Metabolism
Sum total of all chemical reactions in a body
Carbohydrates
Desired energy source in your body. Give off the most energy…
13 terms
Role of ATP in Metabolism
Activation Energy
Biosynthesis
Chemical reaction
Energy coupling
Amount of energy needed to trigger a chemical reaction
The production of complex molecules within living organisms o…
The making or breaking of a chemical bond
Transfer of energy from catabolism to anabolism, or transfer…
Activation Energy
Amount of energy needed to trigger a chemical reaction
Biosynthesis
The production of complex molecules within living organisms o…
Chapter 6: The Nature of Chemical Reactions
reactant
product
chemical energy
exothermic reaction
a substance or molecule that participates in a chemical react…
a substance that forms in a chemical reaction
the energy released when a chemical compound reacts to produc…
a chemical reaction in which heat released to the surroundings
reactant
a substance or molecule that participates in a chemical react…
product
a substance that forms in a chemical reaction
Coach Allen vocabulary week 7
Activation energy
Anabiotic reaction
Biochemical reaction
Catabolic reaction
Energy needed to start a chemical reaction
Endothermic reaction in an organism
Chemical reaction that occurs inside the cells of living things
Exothermic reaction in organisms
Activation energy
Energy needed to start a chemical reaction
Anabiotic reaction
Endothermic reaction in an organism
nature of chemical reactions
law of conservation of mass
atom
compound
reactant
Matter is not created nor destroyed in any chemical or physic…
Basic unit of matter
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
law of conservation of mass
Matter is not created nor destroyed in any chemical or physic…
atom
Basic unit of matter
7 terms
ALL 7 FUNCTIONS OF LIVING THINGS
RESPIRATION
ADAPTION
GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT
MOVEMENT
Inhalation and exhalation of air. Breathing
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
Series of changes an organism goes through during its lifetime.
Motion. An act of changing physical position.
RESPIRATION
Inhalation and exhalation of air. Breathing
ADAPTION
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
An Introduction to Metabolism
Activation Energy
Active Site
Allosteric Regulation
Anabolic Pathway
the amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chem…
the specific region of an enzyme that binds the substrate and…
the binding of a regulatory molecule to a protein at one site…
a metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
Activation Energy
the amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chem…
Active Site
the specific region of an enzyme that binds the substrate and…
Biology section 2
Activation energy
anabolic reaction
biochemical reaction
catabolic reaction
energy needed to start a chemical reaction
endothermic reaction in organisms
chemical reaction that occurs inside the cells of living things
exothermic reaction in organisms
Activation energy
energy needed to start a chemical reaction
anabolic reaction
endothermic reaction in organisms
Vocab 1
Activation energy
Anabolic reaction
Biochemical reaction
Catabolic reaction
energy needed to start a chemical reaction
endothermic reaction in organisms
chemical reaction that occurs inside the cells of living things
exothermic reaction in organisms
Activation energy
energy needed to start a chemical reaction
Anabolic reaction
endothermic reaction in organisms
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