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Study sets matching "term:motor learning = a learned sequence or pattern of motor responses"

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Study sets matching "term:motor learning = a learned sequence or pattern of motor responses"

13 terms
Motor Learning and Coaching: Classification of Skills
Motor Skill
Cognitive Skill
Fine Motor Skills
Gross Motor Skills
observable movements that involves muscles and is aimed at ac…
the ability to think and decide is the desired outcome
the cooperative use of small muscle groups too perform a refi…
movement of large muscle groups that result in a coordinated…
Motor Skill
observable movements that involves muscles and is aimed at ac…
Cognitive Skill
the ability to think and decide is the desired outcome
145 terms
Motor Learning and Control Final
Chapter 9
What does attention refer to?
What are the limitations of those three?
What are the attention theories? (4)
---Attention as a Limited Capacity Resource---
- Consciousness... - Awareness... - Cognitive Effort
Simultaneous performance of multiple skills and the detection…
1. Filter Theories (bottleneck)... 2. Resource Capacity Theories…
Chapter 9
---Attention as a Limited Capacity Resource---
What does attention refer to?
- Consciousness... - Awareness... - Cognitive Effort
70 terms
Ex 1 Review: Motor Learning
displacement
velocity
acceleration
kinetics
The spatial position of a limb or joint over a period of time…
DISPLACEMENT/TIME... Rate of change in an object position with r…
VELOCITY/TIME... Change in velocity during the movement... p38
The study of force as a cause of motion, measured both *direc…
displacement
The spatial position of a limb or joint over a period of time…
velocity
DISPLACEMENT/TIME... Rate of change in an object position with r…
96 terms
Motor Learning Midterm
Motor Learning
Learning
Performance
Motor skill
The study of the processes involved in acquiring and refining…
A relatively permanent change in a person's capability to exe…
The act of executing a skill.
This is an act or task that is goal oriented, involved body m…
Motor Learning
The study of the processes involved in acquiring and refining…
Learning
A relatively permanent change in a person's capability to exe…
31 terms
Motor Learning and Performance ch 9
Blocked practice
Random practice
Contextual interference effect
Elaboration hypothesis
a practice sequence in which individuals rehearse the same sk…
A practice sequence in which individuals perform a number of…
A collection of findings showing that certain conditions that…
The idea that random practice during practice causes people t…
Blocked practice
a practice sequence in which individuals rehearse the same sk…
Random practice
A practice sequence in which individuals perform a number of…
44 terms
Motor Learning Part 2
Motor Skill: another definition
Skill acquisition is dependent on
Skilled movements are
Categorizing Motor Skills 3 ways
-an action or task that has a goal to achieve
practice and experience
consistent, fluid, precise timing, efficient, adaptable
Discrete, Serial, Continuous
Motor Skill: another definition
-an action or task that has a goal to achieve
Skill acquisition is dependent on
practice and experience
22 terms
Motor Learning and Performance ch 4
Degrees of freedom
Motor program
Open-loop control
Closed-loop control
The components of a control system that can vary indenpendent…
A set of motor commands that is prestructured at the executiv…
A type of control that involves the use of centrally determin…
A type of control that involves the use of feedback and the a…
Degrees of freedom
The components of a control system that can vary indenpendent…
Motor program
A set of motor commands that is prestructured at the executiv…
16 terms
Motor Learning-Control Theories
Features of Motor Programs
invarient features
parameters
schema
invarient features and parameters
does not vary, no change, sequence of actions, relative timin…
things that can vary or change when performing an action; ove…
rule that governs movement
Features of Motor Programs
invarient features and parameters
invarient features
does not vary, no change, sequence of actions, relative timin…
21 terms
PHED 329 Motor Learning Chapter 3 Vocabulary Review
Arousal
Attention
Automatic Processing
Choking
an internal state of alertness or excitement.
a limited capacity or set of capacities to process information.
a mode of information processing that is fast, is done in par…
scenario in which a performer changes a normal routine or fai…
Arousal
an internal state of alertness or excitement.
Attention
a limited capacity or set of capacities to process information.
97 terms
Motor Learning Chapter 4- Exam #2
Performance Plateau
Warm Up Decrement
Proactive Transfer
Retroactive Transfer
period of time during the learning process in which no overt…
a reduction in performance occurring after a brief rest period
transfer that works forward in time from task A to task B
transfer that seems to work backwards
Performance Plateau
period of time during the learning process in which no overt…
Warm Up Decrement
a reduction in performance occurring after a brief rest period
20 terms
Intro to Motor Learning Chapter 1
Motor behavior
Motor performance
Movement
3 sub-disciplines
aims to understand how humans control their movements and how…
observe/assess
refers to what we can see and measure
motor control, motor learning, and motor development
Motor behavior
aims to understand how humans control their movements and how…
Motor performance
observe/assess
53 terms
Intro to Motor Learning Chapter 11
Performance
Performance is temporary and
Performance is influenced by
Performance may or may not
Execution of a skill at a specific time and in a specific sit…
Observable
Performance factors.
influence your practice or training.
Performance
Execution of a skill at a specific time and in a specific sit…
Performance is temporary and
Observable
Motor Learning Chapter 5
The patterning of head, body, and/or l…
Number of independent elements or comp…
Describes a large class of observation…
Number of independent elements or comp…
Coordination
Degrees of freedom
Theory
Degrees of freedom
The patterning of head, body, and/or l…
Coordination
Number of independent elements or comp…
Degrees of freedom
85 terms
Motor Learning
neuron
efferent neuron
stimulus and initiation of a response
absolute error
this fiber transmits signals from the axon
another name for motor neurons
these two events mark the beginning and the end of the interv…
this measure of error is used to evaluate overall accuracy
neuron
this fiber transmits signals from the axon
efferent neuron
another name for motor neurons
15 terms
Motor Learning Chapter 3
Ability
Motor Ability
General Motor Ability Hypothesis
Specificity of Motor Abilities Hypothe…
a general trait or capacity of an individual that is a determ…
an ability that is specifically related to the performance of…
a hypothesis that maintains that the many different motor abi…
a hypothesis that maintains that the many motor abilities in…
Ability
a general trait or capacity of an individual that is a determ…
Motor Ability
an ability that is specifically related to the performance of…
18 terms
4/7 320 Motor Learning
Motor Learning
List one example of a skilled movement…
2 types of motor learning
motor adaptation
distinct changes in behavior tied to how brain undertakes tas…
skilled: dependent upon experience... -driving, learning to skat…
1... -not learning new sequence of actions... -taking behavior you…
-form of motor learning
Motor Learning
distinct changes in behavior tied to how brain undertakes tas…
List one example of a skilled movement…
skilled: dependent upon experience... -driving, learning to skat…
12 terms
Chapter 1: The Classification of Motor Skills
Motor skills/actions
Characteristics of motor skills/actions
Movements
One-dimension classification system
Activities or tasks that require voluntary control over mov…
1) Goal oriented... 2) Movement must be voluntary... 3) Movements o…
Specific patterns of motion among joints and body segments us…
A way of categorizing skills based on one common characterist…
Motor skills/actions
Activities or tasks that require voluntary control over mov…
Characteristics of motor skills/actions
1) Goal oriented... 2) Movement must be voluntary... 3) Movements o…
11 terms
Motor learning
Ability
Skills
Motor learning
Motor control
Stable enduring trait that allows a person to perform a task…
Can be developed as a result of practice
Emphasizes the acquisition of motor skills, the performance e…
How our neuromuscular system functions to activate and coordi…
Ability
Stable enduring trait that allows a person to perform a task…
Skills
Can be developed as a result of practice
8 terms
Motor Learning Chapter 8
Action Preparation
Hick's Law
Cost-benefit trade-off
Stimulus-response Compatibility
the activity that occurs between the intention to perform an…
a law of human performance stating the RT will increase logar…
the cost (in terms of slower RT), and benefit (in terms of fa…
characteristic of spatial arrangement relationship between a…
Action Preparation
the activity that occurs between the intention to perform an…
Hick's Law
a law of human performance stating the RT will increase logar…
10 terms
Motor Learning - Chapter 9
attention
central-resource theories of attention
arousal
multiple-resource theories
relates to consciousness, awareness, and cognitive effort as…
attention capacity theories that propose one central source o…
general state of excitability of person, involving physiologi…
proposes that there are several attention resource mechanisms…
attention
relates to consciousness, awareness, and cognitive effort as…
central-resource theories of attention
attention capacity theories that propose one central source o…
43 terms
Exam 1 Motor Learning and Control
motor skills
Motor Learning
Motor Control
Motor Development
activities or tasks that require voluntary control over movem…
the study of the acquisition of motor skills, the performance…
the study of how our neuromuscular system functions to activa…
the study of human development from infancy to old age with s…
motor skills
activities or tasks that require voluntary control over movem…
Motor Learning
the study of the acquisition of motor skills, the performance…
Motor Learning Chapter 1
Activity or task that has a specific g…
Activities or tasks that require volun…
The study of _______ emphasizes the ac…
How our nueromuscular system functions…
Skill
Motor skills
Motor learning
Motor control
Activity or task that has a specific g…
Skill
Activities or tasks that require volun…
Motor skills
23 terms
Motor Learning-Redefining Learning
skill acquisition
perceptual-motor landscape
landscape
practical issues for learning
search for stable and functional states of coordination durin…
stable and functional states of coordination, temporary state…
individual intrinsic dynamics, dynamic, time scales (rate of…
learning, retention, transfer
skill acquisition
search for stable and functional states of coordination durin…
perceptual-motor landscape
stable and functional states of coordination, temporary state…
28 terms
Intro to Motor Learning Chapter 5
Theory
Motor Learning and Control Theories fo…
How does a theory have relevance to pr…
Motor Control Theory
Accurately describes a large class of observations; Makes def…
Explaining human movement behavior; Providing explanations ab…
Provides the "why" basis for what professionals do
Describes and explains how the nervous system produces coordi…
Theory
Accurately describes a large class of observations; Makes def…
Motor Learning and Control Theories fo…
Explaining human movement behavior; Providing explanations ab…
47 terms
Motor Learning
Armchair Reasoning
Descriptive Research
Correlative Research
Categorical Independent Variable
manipulating other people into your way of thinking
Descriptions are tru
they are true but you cannot make cause effect statements
there is search for truth
Armchair Reasoning
manipulating other people into your way of thinking
Descriptive Research
Descriptions are tru
53 terms
Motor Learning Chapter 1
Motor Learning
Motor Control
Motor Development
Motor Behavior
A set of processes associated with practice or experience lea…
Focuses on the neural, physical, and behavioral aspects that…
Development of movement.... Study developmental change in moveme…
Umbrella term for Motor Control, Motor Learning, and Motor De…
Motor Learning
A set of processes associated with practice or experience lea…
Motor Control
Focuses on the neural, physical, and behavioral aspects that…
23 terms
Motor Learning and Performance ch 4
Degrees of freedom
Motor program
Open-loop control
Closed-loop control
The number of components of a control system and all the poss…
A set of motor commands that is prestructured at the executiv…
A type of control that involves the use of centrally determin…
A type of control that involves the use of feedback and the a…
Degrees of freedom
The number of components of a control system and all the poss…
Motor program
A set of motor commands that is prestructured at the executiv…
48 terms
Motor Learning Theories
2 Forms of Long-term Memory
Nonassociative learning
Habituation
Sensitization
Explicit: Facts & Events... Implicit: Nonassociative, Associativ…
Repeated exposure to single stimuli... 1- Habituation... 2- Sensiti…
Decreased responsiveness after repeated exposure (non-painful…
Increased responsiveness after a noxious stimulus ... -- Fear of…
2 Forms of Long-term Memory
Explicit: Facts & Events... Implicit: Nonassociative, Associativ…
Nonassociative learning
Repeated exposure to single stimuli... 1- Habituation... 2- Sensiti…
86 terms
Motor Learning
What is motor learning?
The focus of motor learning
Motor Behavior is the parent disciplin…
What two disciplines did motor learnin…
Study of acquiring skilled movement as a result of practice... -…
How people learn skills and perform them... How people develop s…
motor learning, motor development, and motor control
Psychology & Neurophysiology
What is motor learning?
Study of acquiring skilled movement as a result of practice... -…
The focus of motor learning
How people learn skills and perform them... How people develop s…
34 terms
Motor Learning - Exam 1
Motor Skill (Components)
A. Task Perspective
1. Task Organization
2. Relative cognitive importance
Task perspective... Performance Proficiency Perspective
1. Task organization... 2. Relative cognitive importance... 3. Rela…
a. Discrete skill - has defined beginning and end; brief in d…
cognitive ------------------- physical
Motor Skill (Components)
Task perspective... Performance Proficiency Perspective
A. Task Perspective
1. Task organization... 2. Relative cognitive importance... 3. Rela…
10 terms
Motor Learning Chapter 9
Attention
Central-resource Theories of Attention
Arousal
Multiple-resource Theories
characteristics associated with consciousness, awareness, and…
attention capacity theories that propose one central source o…
general state of excitability of a person, involving physiolo…
theories of attention proposing that there are several attent…
Attention
characteristics associated with consciousness, awareness, and…
Central-resource Theories of Attention
attention capacity theories that propose one central source o…
53 terms
Motor Learning Chapter 11
Performance
Performance is temporary and
Performance is influenced by
Performance may or may not
Execution of a skill at a specific time and in a specific sit…
Observable
Performance factors.
influence your practice or training.
Performance
Execution of a skill at a specific time and in a specific sit…
Performance is temporary and
Observable
33 terms
Motor Learning Exam 1
Reaction Time uses
Movement Time (MT)... Response Time (RT)…
motor skill
motor control
Preparation for action (planning)... Decision making timing
determine the problem
Voluntary movement for specific purpose
Neuromuscular function during motor skill
Reaction Time uses
Preparation for action (planning)... Decision making timing
Movement Time (MT)... Response Time (RT)…
determine the problem
47 terms
Motor Learning Chapter 10
Feedback
True
True
Intrinsic Feedback
- characterized as sensory information that indicates somethi…
Compare actual feedback with the expected feedback of the des…
Feedback sometimes occurs in artificial (subjective) forms su…
Sensory information that occurs normally when performers prod…
Feedback
- characterized as sensory information that indicates somethi…
True
Compare actual feedback with the expected feedback of the des…
15 terms
Motor Learning and Performance ch 1
Motor skill
Discrete skill
Serial skill
Continuous skill
A skill for which the primary determinant of success is the q…
A skill or task that is organized in such a way that the acti…
A type of skill organization that is characterized by several…
A skill organized in such a way that the action unfolds witho…
Motor skill
A skill for which the primary determinant of success is the q…
Discrete skill
A skill or task that is organized in such a way that the acti…
Motor Learning Chapter 3
A general trait or capacity of an indi…
An ability that is specifically relate…
A hypothesis that maintains that the m…
A hypothesis that maintains that the m…
Ability
Motor ability
General motor ability hypothesis
Specificity of motor abilities hypothesis
A general trait or capacity of an indi…
Ability
An ability that is specifically relate…
Motor ability
39 terms
Motor Learning Chapter 2
Skill Classification
Sport Skills
Cognitive
Perceptual
Skills - learned ability to bring about predetermined results…
Cognitive... Perceptual... Motor... Fundamental
Intellectual skills of the mover (decision making and problem…
Interpreting and integrating sensory information to determine…
Skill Classification
Skills - learned ability to bring about predetermined results…
Sport Skills
Cognitive... Perceptual... Motor... Fundamental
148 terms
Motor Learning
Skill
Motor Skill
Movements
Actions
Task that has a specific goal to achieve
Skill that requires voluntary body and/or limb movement to ac…
Behavior characteristics of a specific limb or combination of…
skills
Skill
Task that has a specific goal to achieve
Motor Skill
Skill that requires voluntary body and/or limb movement to ac…
15 terms
Chapter 1 - Introduction to Motor Learning and Abilities
- How our neuromuscular system functio…
- Human development from infancy to ol…
- An activity or task that has a speci…
- Specific patterns of motion among jo…
Motor Control
Motor Development
Skill
Movements
- How our neuromuscular system functio…
Motor Control
- Human development from infancy to ol…
Motor Development
36 terms
Motor Learning Ch.1
Motor control
Motor behavior
Motor learning
Motor skill
neural, physical, behavioral aspects of movement
movements generated at behavioral level of analysis
the study of acquiring skilled movement as a result of practice
determinate of success is the quality of movement.
Motor control
neural, physical, behavioral aspects of movement
Motor behavior
movements generated at behavioral level of analysis
90 terms
Motor learning
why does motor learning matter?
Motor learning involves
Internal (neuroplastic) process
Three subspecialties of motor behavior
in order to get the patient to use a pattern when carrying ou…
how a person interacts with the environment in order to accom…
- organization of practice... - timing a feedback... - adaptive and…
Motor development... Motor learning... Motor control
why does motor learning matter?
in order to get the patient to use a pattern when carrying ou…
Motor learning involves
how a person interacts with the environment in order to accom…
18 terms
Intro to Motor Learning Chapter 3
Degree of Freedom Problem
Control
Invariant Features
Parameters
number of elements or components of the system that have to b…
process of constraining the available degrees of freedom to o…
sequences, relative timing, and relative force that do not ch…
features of a generalized motor program that are flexible and…
Degree of Freedom Problem
number of elements or components of the system that have to b…
Control
process of constraining the available degrees of freedom to o…
65 terms
Intro to Motor Learning Exam
What is Motor Learning?
What is Motor Control?
Why is Motor Control Important?
What is a skill?
A relative change in the motor and resulting motion
(Focus) The execution in the PROCESS that lead to a skilled m…
SEQ (SHUSH, EVIN, QUIET!) Survival, Evolution, Quality of life.
Consistent results... Affected by practice... Learned (Unstable ove…
What is Motor Learning?
A relative change in the motor and resulting motion
What is Motor Control?
(Focus) The execution in the PROCESS that lead to a skilled m…
Motor Learning Chapter 2
The interval of time between a stimulu…
What begins when reaction time ends?
The interval of time between the initi…
What is the total time interval, inclu…
Reaction time
Movement time
Movement time
Response time
The interval of time between a stimulu…
Reaction time
What begins when reaction time ends?
Movement time
39 terms
Intro to Motor Learning Chapter 2
Skill Classification
Sport Skills
Cognitive
Perceptual
Skills - learned ability to bring about predetermined results…
Cognitive... Perceptual... Motor... Fundamental
Intellectual skills of the mover (decision making and problem…
Interpreting and integrating sensory information to determine…
Skill Classification
Skills - learned ability to bring about predetermined results…
Sport Skills
Cognitive... Perceptual... Motor... Fundamental
23 terms
Chapter 1; Classification of Motor Skills
Motor Skills
Ways to study motor skills
Motor Learning
Motor Control
Activities or tasks that require voluntary movement to achiev…
Motor Learning... Motor Control... Motor Development
Acquisition of motor skills ... Performance Enhancement of learn…
How the neuromuscular system functions to enable coordinated…
Motor Skills
Activities or tasks that require voluntary movement to achiev…
Ways to study motor skills
Motor Learning... Motor Control... Motor Development
179 terms
Motor Learning 1
motor skill
motor control
influences of motor skill performance
motor skills/actions
Voluntary movement for specific purpose
Neuromuscular function during motor skill
The skill itself, complex= harder to perform, dictates how yo…
Voluntary... Must be learned... Goal oriented ... Requires bodily move…
motor skill
Voluntary movement for specific purpose
motor control
Neuromuscular function during motor skill
29 terms
Motor Learning 1/19
Skill
Motor Skill
Movements
Size of Musculature, Distinctiveness o…
task that has a specific goal to achieve
skill that requires voluntary body and/or limb movement to ac…
behavior characteristics of specific limb or combination of l…
Classification systems of motor skills
Skill
task that has a specific goal to achieve
Motor Skill
skill that requires voluntary body and/or limb movement to ac…
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