Study sets matching "term:motor learning = a learned sequence or pattern of motor responses"

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Study sets matching "term:motor learning = a learned sequence or pattern of motor responses"

16 terms
Motor Learning-Control Theories
Features of Motor Programs
invarient features
parameters
schema
invarient features and parameters
does not vary, no change, sequence of actions, relative timin…
things that can vary or change when performing an action; ove…
rule that governs movement
Features of Motor Programs
invarient features and parameters
invarient features
does not vary, no change, sequence of actions, relative timin…
Motor Learning and Coaching: Classification of Skills
Motor Skill
Cognitive Skill
Fine Motor Skills
Gross Motor Skills
observable movements that involves muscles and is aimed at ac…
the ability to think and decide is the desired outcome
the cooperative use of small muscle groups too perform a refi…
movement of large muscle groups that result in a coordinated…
Motor Skill
observable movements that involves muscles and is aimed at ac…
Cognitive Skill
the ability to think and decide is the desired outcome
15 terms
Motor Learning Chapter 3
Ability
Motor Ability
General Motor Ability Hypothesis
Specificity of Motor Abilities Hypothe…
a general trait or capacity of an individual that is a determ…
an ability that is specifically related to the performance of…
a hypothesis that maintains that the many different motor abi…
a hypothesis that maintains that the many motor abilities in…
Ability
a general trait or capacity of an individual that is a determ…
Motor Ability
an ability that is specifically related to the performance of…
85 terms
Motor Learning
neuron
efferent neuron
stimulus and initiation of a response
absolute error
this fiber transmits signals from the axon
another name for motor neurons
these two events mark the beginning and the end of the interv…
this measure of error is used to evaluate overall accuracy
neuron
this fiber transmits signals from the axon
efferent neuron
another name for motor neurons
Motor Learning Chapter 5
The patterning of head, body, and/or l…
Number of independent elements or comp…
Describes a large class of observation…
Number of independent elements or comp…
Coordination
Degrees of freedom
Theory
Degrees of freedom
The patterning of head, body, and/or l…
Coordination
Number of independent elements or comp…
Degrees of freedom
22 terms
Motor Learning and Performance ch 4
Degrees of freedom
Motor program
Open-loop control
Closed-loop control
The components of a control system that can vary indenpendent…
A set of motor commands that is prestructured at the executiv…
A type of control that involves the use of centrally determin…
A type of control that involves the use of feedback and the a…
Degrees of freedom
The components of a control system that can vary indenpendent…
Motor program
A set of motor commands that is prestructured at the executiv…
Motor Learning MidTerm
Skill
Motor skill
Action
Movements
(A) an activity or task that has a specific purpose or goal t…
Tasks that require voluntary control over movements of the jo…
Similar to motor skill
Patterns of motion with the joints and body segments used to…
Skill
(A) an activity or task that has a specific purpose or goal t…
Motor skill
Tasks that require voluntary control over movements of the jo…
31 terms
Motor Learning and Performance ch 9
Blocked practice
Random practice
Contextual interference effect
Elaboration hypothesis
a practice sequence in which individuals rehearse the same sk…
A practice sequence in which individuals perform a number of…
A collection of findings showing that certain conditions that…
The idea that random practice during practice causes people t…
Blocked practice
a practice sequence in which individuals rehearse the same sk…
Random practice
A practice sequence in which individuals perform a number of…
23 terms
Motor Learning-Redefining Learning
skill acquisition
perceptual-motor landscape
landscape
practical issues for learning
search for stable and functional states of coordination durin…
stable and functional states of coordination, temporary state…
individual intrinsic dynamics, dynamic, time scales (rate of…
learning, retention, transfer
skill acquisition
search for stable and functional states of coordination durin…
perceptual-motor landscape
stable and functional states of coordination, temporary state…
8 terms
Motor Learning Chapter 8
Action Preparation
Hick's Law
Cost-benefit trade-off
Stimulus-response Compatibility
the activity that occurs between the intention to perform an…
a law of human performance stating the RT will increase logar…
the cost (in terms of slower RT), and benefit (in terms of fa…
characteristic of spatial arrangement relationship between a…
Action Preparation
the activity that occurs between the intention to perform an…
Hick's Law
a law of human performance stating the RT will increase logar…
47 terms
Motor Learning
Armchair Reasoning
Descriptive Research
Correlative Research
Categorical Independent Variable
manipulating other people into your way of thinking
Descriptions are tru
they are true but you cannot make cause effect statements
there is search for truth
Armchair Reasoning
manipulating other people into your way of thinking
Descriptive Research
Descriptions are tru
70 terms
Ex 1 Review: Motor Learning
displacement
velocity
acceleration
kinetics
The spatial position of a limb or joint over a period of time…
DISPLACEMENT/TIME... Rate of change in an object position with r…
VELOCITY/TIME... Change in velocity during the movement... p38
The study of force as a cause of motion, measured both *direc…
displacement
The spatial position of a limb or joint over a period of time…
velocity
DISPLACEMENT/TIME... Rate of change in an object position with r…
96 terms
Motor Learning Midterm
Motor Learning
Learning
Performance
Motor skill
The study of the processes involved in acquiring and refining…
A relatively permanent change in a person's capability to exe…
The act of executing a skill.
This is an act or task that is goal oriented, involved body m…
Motor Learning
The study of the processes involved in acquiring and refining…
Learning
A relatively permanent change in a person's capability to exe…
10 terms
Motor Learning Chapter 9
Attention
Central-resource Theories of Attention
Arousal
Multiple-resource Theories
characteristics associated with consciousness, awareness, and…
attention capacity theories that propose one central source o…
general state of excitability of a person, involving physiolo…
theories of attention proposing that there are several attent…
Attention
characteristics associated with consciousness, awareness, and…
Central-resource Theories of Attention
attention capacity theories that propose one central source o…
21 terms
PHED 329 Motor Learning Chapter 3 Vocabulary Review
Arousal
Attention
Automatic Processing
Choking
an internal state of alertness or excitement.
a limited capacity or set of capacities to process information.
a mode of information processing that is fast, is done in par…
scenario in which a performer changes a normal routine or fai…
Arousal
an internal state of alertness or excitement.
Attention
a limited capacity or set of capacities to process information.
10 terms
Motor Learning - Chapter 9
attention
central-resource theories of attention
arousal
multiple-resource theories
relates to consciousness, awareness, and cognitive effort as…
attention capacity theories that propose one central source o…
general state of excitability of person, involving physiologi…
proposes that there are several attention resource mechanisms…
attention
relates to consciousness, awareness, and cognitive effort as…
central-resource theories of attention
attention capacity theories that propose one central source o…
Motor Learning Chapter 4- Exam #2
Performance Plateau
Warm Up Decrement
Proactive Transfer
Retroactive Transfer
period of time during the learning process in which no overt…
a reduction in performance occurring after a brief rest period
transfer that works forward in time from task A to task B
transfer that seems to work backwards
Performance Plateau
period of time during the learning process in which no overt…
Warm Up Decrement
a reduction in performance occurring after a brief rest period
44 terms
Motor Learning Part 2
Motor Skill: another definition
Skill acquisition is dependent on
Skilled movements are
Categorizing Motor Skills 3 ways
-an action or task that has a goal to achieve
practice and experience
consistent, fluid, precise timing, efficient, adaptable
Discrete, Serial, Continuous
Motor Skill: another definition
-an action or task that has a goal to achieve
Skill acquisition is dependent on
practice and experience
Motor Learning Chapter 1
Activity or task that has a specific g…
Activities or tasks that require volun…
The study of _______ emphasizes the ac…
How our nueromuscular system functions…
Skill
Motor skills
Motor learning
Motor control
Activity or task that has a specific g…
Skill
Activities or tasks that require volun…
Motor skills
Motor Learning Chapter 3
A general trait or capacity of an indi…
An ability that is specifically relate…
A hypothesis that maintains that the m…
A hypothesis that maintains that the m…
Ability
Motor ability
General motor ability hypothesis
Specificity of motor abilities hypothesis
A general trait or capacity of an indi…
Ability
An ability that is specifically relate…
Motor ability
Motor Learning Chapter 1
Motor Learning
Motor Control
Motor Development
Motor Behavior
A set of processes associated with practice or experience lea…
Focuses on the neural, physical, and behavioral aspects that…
Development of movement.... Study developmental change in moveme…
Umbrella term for Motor Control, Motor Learning, and Motor De…
Motor Learning
A set of processes associated with practice or experience lea…
Motor Control
Focuses on the neural, physical, and behavioral aspects that…
Motor Learning Chapter 2
Skill Classification
Sport Skills
Cognitive
Perceptual
Skills - learned ability to bring about predetermined results…
Cognitive... Perceptual... Motor... Fundamental
Intellectual skills of the mover (decision making and problem…
Interpreting and integrating sensory information to determine…
Skill Classification
Skills - learned ability to bring about predetermined results…
Sport Skills
Cognitive... Perceptual... Motor... Fundamental
Exam 1 Motor Learning and Control
motor skills
Motor Learning
Motor Control
Motor Development
activities or tasks that require voluntary control over movem…
the study of the acquisition of motor skills, the performance…
the study of how our neuromuscular system functions to activa…
the study of human development from infancy to old age with s…
motor skills
activities or tasks that require voluntary control over movem…
Motor Learning
the study of the acquisition of motor skills, the performance…
47 terms
Motor Learning Chapter 10
Feedback
True
True
Intrinsic Feedback
- characterized as sensory information that indicates somethi…
Compare actual feedback with the expected feedback of the des…
Feedback sometimes occurs in artificial (subjective) forms su…
Sensory information that occurs normally when performers prod…
Feedback
- characterized as sensory information that indicates somethi…
True
Compare actual feedback with the expected feedback of the des…
Motor Learning Chapter 2
The interval of time between a stimulu…
What begins when reaction time ends?
The interval of time between the initi…
What is the total time interval, inclu…
Reaction time
Movement time
Movement time
Response time
The interval of time between a stimulu…
Reaction time
What begins when reaction time ends?
Movement time
59 terms
Motor Learning Final
what is learning?
what is performance?
is learning observable behavior?
what is the Negatively accelerating cu…
NOT DIRECTLY OBSERVABLE-- Its A change in the capability to p…
observable Behavior--Execution of a skill at a specific time…
no, its not directly observable, it must be inferred from obs…
Early improvement but slows during latter practice (B-Curve)
what is learning?
NOT DIRECTLY OBSERVABLE-- Its A change in the capability to p…
what is performance?
observable Behavior--Execution of a skill at a specific time…
16 terms
Motor Learning-Problems
degrees of freedom problem
serial order problem
coarticulation
perceptual-motor integration problem
occurs at numerous levels, more DOF than needed
based on mistakes, accurate performance
simultaneous motions that occur in sequential tasks
perception is active (apprehends the meaning contained within…
degrees of freedom problem
occurs at numerous levels, more DOF than needed
serial order problem
based on mistakes, accurate performance
Intro to Motor Learning Chapter 1
Motor behavior
Motor performance
Movement
3 sub-disciplines
aims to understand how humans control their movements and how…
observe/assess
refers to what we can see and measure
motor control, motor learning, and motor development
Motor behavior
aims to understand how humans control their movements and how…
Motor performance
observe/assess
36 terms
Motor Learning Ch.1
Motor control
Motor behavior
Motor learning
Motor skill
neural, physical, behavioral aspects of movement
movements generated at behavioral level of analysis
the study of acquiring skilled movement as a result of practice
determinate of success is the quality of movement.
Motor control
neural, physical, behavioral aspects of movement
Motor behavior
movements generated at behavioral level of analysis
Motor Learning Chapter 5
What is a theory?
Theory helps understand____.
Theory explains the reasons why phenom…
Motor control theory provides a base t…
Accurately describes a large class of observations. ... Makes…
Phenomena
Exists or behaves.
Effective skill production and practice environments.
What is a theory?
Accurately describes a large class of observations. ... Makes…
Theory helps understand____.
Phenomena
31 terms
Motor Learning Chapter 5
Motor Programs
Rapid/Discrete Tasks
Central Pattern Generators
Deafferentation Evidence
Pre-structured set of movement commands that defines and shap…
The muscular actions motor programs control for a movement.
Control mechanism in brainstem or spinal cord that produces g…
Shows that sensory information is not critical for some types…
Motor Programs
Pre-structured set of movement commands that defines and shap…
Rapid/Discrete Tasks
The muscular actions motor programs control for a movement.
25 terms
Motor Learning Chapter 5
Determinants of Accuracy in Rapid Move…
Fitts' Law
Speed-accuracy trade-off
True
- Concerns the relationships among the accuracy of a movement…
- The time required for these movements (movement time) incre…
- the tendency for the substitution of accuracy for speed, as…
- For a given target size, when movement amplitude increases,…
Determinants of Accuracy in Rapid Move…
- Concerns the relationships among the accuracy of a movement…
Fitts' Law
- The time required for these movements (movement time) incre…
11 terms
Motor learning
Ability
Skills
Motor learning
Motor control
Stable enduring trait that allows a person to perform a task…
Can be developed as a result of practice
Emphasizes the acquisition of motor skills, the performance e…
How our neuromuscular system functions to activate and coordi…
Ability
Stable enduring trait that allows a person to perform a task…
Skills
Can be developed as a result of practice
148 terms
Motor Learning
Skill
Motor Skill
Movements
Actions
Task that has a specific goal to achieve
Skill that requires voluntary body and/or limb movement to ac…
Behavior characteristics of a specific limb or combination of…
skills
Skill
Task that has a specific goal to achieve
Motor Skill
Skill that requires voluntary body and/or limb movement to ac…
42 terms
Motor Learning Ex 2
What movements are characterized by ta…
Proprioceptors/ types- receives info f…
Surgical deafferentation
Tendon vibration
-Movement accuracy... -Movement Consistency... -Movement force adju…
-muscle spindles... -golgi tendon organs... -joint receptors
afferent neutral pathways associated with movements of intere…
high speed vibration of the tendon of the agonist muscle—prop…
What movements are characterized by ta…
-Movement accuracy... -Movement Consistency... -Movement force adju…
Proprioceptors/ types- receives info f…
-muscle spindles... -golgi tendon organs... -joint receptors
Motor Learning Chapter 3
Mountain of Motor Development
Prenatal Period
Reflexive Period
Preadapted Period
Prenatal Period ... Reflexive Period... Preadapted Period ... Fundamen…
last 2 trimesters
newborn adjusting to many sensory changes (first 2 weeks)
goal-directed movements (2 weeks to ~ 1 year)
Mountain of Motor Development
Prenatal Period ... Reflexive Period... Preadapted Period ... Fundamen…
Prenatal Period
last 2 trimesters
Intro to Motor Learning Chapter 11
Performance
Performance is temporary and
Performance is influenced by
Performance may or may not
Execution of a skill at a specific time and in a specific sit…
Observable
Performance factors.
influence your practice or training.
Performance
Execution of a skill at a specific time and in a specific sit…
Performance is temporary and
Observable
Chapter 1: The Classification of Motor Skills
Motor skills/actions
Characteristics of motor skills/actions
Movements
One-dimension classification system
Activities or tasks that require voluntary control over mov…
1) Goal oriented... 2) Movement must be voluntary... 3) Movements o…
Specific patterns of motion among joints and body segments us…
A way of categorizing skills based on one common characterist…
Motor skills/actions
Activities or tasks that require voluntary control over mov…
Characteristics of motor skills/actions
1) Goal oriented... 2) Movement must be voluntary... 3) Movements o…
145 terms
Motor Learning and Control Final
Chapter 9
What does attention refer to?
What are the limitations of those three?
What are the attention theories? (4)
---Attention as a Limited Capacity Resource---
- Consciousness... - Awareness... - Cognitive Effort
Simultaneous performance of multiple skills and the detection…
1. Filter Theories (bottleneck)... 2. Resource Capacity Theories…
Chapter 9
---Attention as a Limited Capacity Resource---
What does attention refer to?
- Consciousness... - Awareness... - Cognitive Effort
Motor Learning Theories
2 Forms of Long-term Memory
Nonassociative learning
Habituation
Sensitization
Explicit: Facts & Events... Implicit: Nonassociative, Associativ…
Repeated exposure to single stimuli... 1- Habituation... 2- Sensiti…
Decreased responsiveness after repeated exposure (non-painful…
Increased responsiveness after a noxious stimulus ... -- Fear of…
2 Forms of Long-term Memory
Explicit: Facts & Events... Implicit: Nonassociative, Associativ…
Nonassociative learning
Repeated exposure to single stimuli... 1- Habituation... 2- Sensiti…
15 terms
Motor Learning and Performance ch 1
Motor skill
Discrete skill
Serial skill
Continuous skill
A skill for which the primary determinant of success is the q…
A skill or task that is organized in such a way that the acti…
A type of skill organization that is characterized by several…
A skill organized in such a way that the action unfolds witho…
Motor skill
A skill for which the primary determinant of success is the q…
Discrete skill
A skill or task that is organized in such a way that the acti…
48 terms
Chapter 5- The Learning of Motor Skills
performance
learning
learning-performance distinction
ART measures
Qualitative or quantitative assessment of what can be observe…
a relatively stable change in performance resulting from prac…
Refers to the well-established finding that performance measu…
an acronym for the acquisition, retention, and transfer measu…
performance
Qualitative or quantitative assessment of what can be observe…
learning
a relatively stable change in performance resulting from prac…
Motor Learning Chapter 11
Performance
Performance is temporary and
Performance is influenced by
Performance may or may not
Execution of a skill at a specific time and in a specific sit…
Observable
Performance factors.
influence your practice or training.
Performance
Execution of a skill at a specific time and in a specific sit…
Performance is temporary and
Observable
129 terms
Motor Learning
What is Feedback?
When is Feedback available?
Intrinsic Feedback
Extrinsic Feedback
Sensory info pertaining to movement (asks what was done) *Clo…
After movement... Before movement... During --> continuous skills
(Inside)... Sensory info that comes from produced movement. It…
(Augmented feedback)... Sensory info produced from movement pro…
What is Feedback?
Sensory info pertaining to movement (asks what was done) *Clo…
When is Feedback available?
After movement... Before movement... During --> continuous skills
86 terms
Motor Learning
What is motor learning?
The focus of motor learning
Motor Behavior is the parent disciplin…
What two disciplines did motor learnin…
Study of acquiring skilled movement as a result of practice... -…
How people learn skills and perform them... How people develop s…
motor learning, motor development, and motor control
Psychology & Neurophysiology
What is motor learning?
Study of acquiring skilled movement as a result of practice... -…
The focus of motor learning
How people learn skills and perform them... How people develop s…
34 terms
Motor Learning & Control: Chapter One
Motor learning involves the study of (…
Motor control involves the study of ho…
Motor development involves the study of:
Specific patterns of motion among join…
1. Acquisition of skills ... 2. Performance enhancement of well-…
1. While learning a new skills... 2. While performing a well-lea…
Human development from infancy to old age
Movements
Motor learning involves the study of (…
1. Acquisition of skills ... 2. Performance enhancement of well-…
Motor control involves the study of ho…
1. While learning a new skills... 2. While performing a well-lea…
23 terms
Chapter 1; Classification of Motor Skills
Motor Skills
Ways to study motor skills
Motor Learning
Motor Control
Activities or tasks that require voluntary movement to achiev…
Motor Learning... Motor Control... Motor Development
Acquisition of motor skills ... Performance Enhancement of learn…
How the neuromuscular system functions to enable coordinated…
Motor Skills
Activities or tasks that require voluntary movement to achiev…
Ways to study motor skills
Motor Learning... Motor Control... Motor Development
Intro to Motor Learning Chapter 5
Theory
Motor Learning and Control Theories fo…
How does a theory have relevance to pr…
Motor Control Theory
Accurately describes a large class of observations; Makes def…
Explaining human movement behavior; Providing explanations ab…
Provides the "why" basis for what professionals do
Describes and explains how the nervous system produces coordi…
Theory
Accurately describes a large class of observations; Makes def…
Motor Learning and Control Theories fo…
Explaining human movement behavior; Providing explanations ab…
33 terms
Motor Learning Exam 1
Reaction Time uses
Movement Time (MT)... Response Time (RT)…
motor skill
motor control
Preparation for action (planning)... Decision making timing
determine the problem
Voluntary movement for specific purpose
Neuromuscular function during motor skill
Reaction Time uses
Preparation for action (planning)... Decision making timing
Movement Time (MT)... Response Time (RT)…
determine the problem
Motor Learning
What is the ability to regulate or dir…
What is the motor changes in an organi…
What is the acquisition of a motor ski…
What gender and nationality of people…
motor control
motor development
motor learning
men of Japanese ancestry residing in Hawaii
What is the ability to regulate or dir…
motor control
What is the motor changes in an organi…
motor development
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