How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "term:motor learning = is the functional connection between motor control and motor develpment we need the abilty to learn in order to develop any system can limit"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "term:motor learning = is the functional connection between motor control and motor develpment we need the abilty to learn in order to develop any system can limit"

96 terms
Motor Learning Midterm
Motor Learning
Learning
Performance
Motor skill
The study of the processes involved in acquiring and refining…
A relatively permanent change in a person's capability to exe…
The act of executing a skill.
This is an act or task that is goal oriented, involved body m…
Motor Learning
The study of the processes involved in acquiring and refining…
Learning
A relatively permanent change in a person's capability to exe…
22 terms
Intro To Motor Control, Learning, and Performance
motor control
motor learning
motor performance
motor performance
the interaction between muscular and nervous systems to perfo…
relative, permanent improvement in motor control over time
a measurement of the extent to which motor learning has occur…
used to infer motor learning
motor control
the interaction between muscular and nervous systems to perfo…
motor learning
relative, permanent improvement in motor control over time
19 terms
Motor learning Chapter 1
what do motor skills require to achiev…
Motor learning involves the study of
Motor control involves the study of
motor development involves the study of
body, head, and/or limb movement
1. acquisition of new skills... 2. Performance enhancement of w…
how the neuromuscular system functions to enable coordinated…
human development from infancy to old age (issues related wit…
what do motor skills require to achiev…
body, head, and/or limb movement
Motor learning involves the study of
1. acquisition of new skills... 2. Performance enhancement of w…
56 terms
Chapter 1: Intro to Motor Behavior and the Mind-Body Connection
When does motor behavior start and end?
What are the things that always influe…
Define Motor Behavior
What are the three branches of Motor B…
starts at conception... ends at death
Environment... Task... Individual
the study of how people move
- Motor Development... - Motor Control... - Motor Learning
When does motor behavior start and end?
starts at conception... ends at death
What are the things that always influe…
Environment... Task... Individual
23 terms
Motor Control Introduction
Motor Control
Movement emerges from the interaction…
Personal Constraints
Task/environment Constraints
Study of nature and the ability to regulate neurobiomechanica…
-the person... -the task/object... -the environment... Movement is co…
Action... -nervous system control of the body for movement... Perce…
-classification by function... -classification by critical attri…
Motor Control
Study of nature and the ability to regulate neurobiomechanica…
Movement emerges from the interaction…
-the person... -the task/object... -the environment... Movement is co…
29 terms
Motor Learning Chapter 4
Exteroreception
Proprioreception
Extrinsic
Intrinsic
Extrinsic feedback about the environment.
Intrinsic feedback from body's own movement.... - Vestibular Sys…
Information from vision and audition (hearing).
Feedback from joint receptors, muscles... (the 5 types of pro…
Exteroreception
Extrinsic feedback about the environment.
Proprioreception
Intrinsic feedback from body's own movement.... - Vestibular Sys…
61 terms
Motor Learning and Control: Exam 1: Chapter 3: Part A
Components of the central nervous syst…
The Central Nervous System and the Per…
Brain and Spinal Cord
Motor Neurons and Sensory Neurons
What is the Neuromotor System?
What does the nervous system break down into?
What does the Central Nervous System break up into?
What does the peripheral central nervous system?
Components of the central nervous syst…
What is the Neuromotor System?
The Central Nervous System and the Per…
What does the nervous system break down into?
26 terms
Chapter 2: The Measurement of Motor Performance
Why do we study the measurement of mot…
Measurement of Motor Skill Performance…
Performance Outcome measures
Performance Production Measures
performance measurement is essential for performance assessme…
Performance outcome measures... Performance production measures
The outcome of performing a skill... does not give info about th…
Indicate the activity of specific aspects of the motor contro…
Why do we study the measurement of mot…
performance measurement is essential for performance assessme…
Measurement of Motor Skill Performance…
Performance outcome measures... Performance production measures
118 terms
Motor Development EXAM 1 PREP
Motor Control
Motor Performance
Motor Learning
Motor Development
study of postures, movements, and underlying mechanisms
observed behavior
change in control with learning, acquisition of skill
change in performance and motor control over the lifespan
Motor Control
study of postures, movements, and underlying mechanisms
Motor Performance
observed behavior
33 terms
Chapter 7-Motor control and learning
postural control
postural orientation
postural stability
systems of postural control
controlling bodys position in space in order to maintatin sta…
ability to maintain an appropriate relationship between the b…
-ability to control COM in relationship to BOS
MS... neural
postural control
controlling bodys position in space in order to maintatin sta…
postural orientation
ability to maintain an appropriate relationship between the b…
48 terms
studying motor behavior
Why have researchers studied motor beh…
Where did motor behavior come from ? -…
Neurophysiology
psychology
To explain human existence - Motor behavior
Neurophysiology & psychology
not specific interest in the movement themselves... -concerned w…
learning aspect of complex of motor behavior
Why have researchers studied motor beh…
To explain human existence - Motor behavior
Where did motor behavior come from ? -…
Neurophysiology & psychology
110 terms
Motor Final
Factors that affect motor control
Individual
Task
Environment
task, individual, environment
cognition, sensory, motor systems
type of movement (mobility, stability, manipulation, sport sp…
weather, surface, lighting, setting
Factors that affect motor control
task, individual, environment
Individual
cognition, sensory, motor systems
37 terms
motor learning test 2
The nerve fiber that transmits informa…
Motor neurons are also called
The type of neuron that is most freque…
The forebrain consists of the
axon.
efferent neurons.
interneurons.
cerebrum and diencephalons
The nerve fiber that transmits informa…
axon.
Motor neurons are also called
efferent neurons.
41 terms
Motor Learning
Franklin Henry
Nikoli Bernstein
Motor Learning
Motor Control
"the father of Motor Skills research"
integrated movement science
A set of internal processes associated with practice that lea…
An area of study dealing with the understanding of the neural…
Franklin Henry
"the father of Motor Skills research"
Nikoli Bernstein
integrated movement science
Motor Learning Midterm
3 Taxonomy of Motor Skill
Primary Musculature Taxonomy
Beginning and end point Taxonomy
Environmental Predictability Taxonomy
Primary Musculature, Beginning and End Points, Environmental…
Fine vs Gross
discrete vs serial vs continuous
Closed motor skill vs open motor skill
3 Taxonomy of Motor Skill
Primary Musculature, Beginning and End Points, Environmental…
Primary Musculature Taxonomy
Fine vs Gross
49 terms
Motor Control
Upper Motor Nueron System
What is the control of the UMN system?
Corticobulbar tract
Nuclei in midbrain for motor control
Descending somatic efferent neurons that go from the motor ce…
central control of voluntary motions.
from pyramidal neuron in motor cerebral cortex to internal ca…
CN3 and CN4 nuclei location
Upper Motor Nueron System
Descending somatic efferent neurons that go from the motor ce…
What is the control of the UMN system?
central control of voluntary motions.
40 terms
Motor Control, Motor Learning, and NDT
Postural Control
Types of CP
Spasticity
Athetosis
ability to control body's position in space through a balance…
Spasticity... Athetosis... Rigidity... Ataxia... Hypotonia... Mixed
velocity-dependent resistance to stretch... clonus
involuntary writhing movements, often with chorea
Postural Control
ability to control body's position in space through a balance…
Types of CP
Spasticity... Athetosis... Rigidity... Ataxia... Hypotonia... Mixed
110 terms
Motor Development Exam 1
motor behavior
motor skills
motor control
neuromuscular control
-the study of human movement created by muscular actions incl…
a voluntary and intentional movement with an outcome purpose…
term describing the neural, physiological, and biomechanical…
term describing the neural, physiological and biomechanical c…
motor behavior
-the study of human movement created by muscular actions incl…
motor skills
a voluntary and intentional movement with an outcome purpose…
142 terms
Motor Learning Exam 1
CHAPTER 1
Motor Skills (Actions)
Motor Learning
Motor Control
CHAPTER 1
Activities or tasks that require voluntary head, body, and li…
The acquisition of motor skills, the performance enhancement…
How our neuromuscular system functions to activate and coordi…
CHAPTER 1
CHAPTER 1
Motor Skills (Actions)
Activities or tasks that require voluntary head, body, and li…
Postural Control and Motor control
are motor development and postural con…
motor control
motor control refers to...
developmental coordination disorder
yes
the ability to regulate or direct the mechanisms essential to…
how the central nervous system organizes movement, how we qua…
when children perform below their chronological age. demonstr…
are motor development and postural con…
yes
motor control
the ability to regulate or direct the mechanisms essential to…
41 terms
ES 338 Motor Learning & Control Exam 1
We are born to move but we learn to mo…
Skill
Humans
Motor Learning
Why study motor learning?
A biological imperative; without it, we would quickly perish…
Supreme in their capacity for acquiring skill
Involves the study of:... 1. Acquisition of new skills... 2. Perfor…
We are born to move but we learn to mo…
Why study motor learning?
Skill
A biological imperative; without it, we would quickly perish…
18 terms
Motor Systems - Neuroscience Exam 2
Spinal cord
Brainstem nuclei
Motor cortex
Cerebellum
Final output of motor system to muscles... Final integration ... Si…
Site of rudimentary motor control ... Posture... Movement of trunk,…
Site of translation of sensory information into a motor plan…
Control center for coordination and motor learning ... Planned m…
Spinal cord
Final output of motor system to muscles... Final integration ... Si…
Brainstem nuclei
Site of rudimentary motor control ... Posture... Movement of trunk,…
Motor Learning
Motor Control
Motor Learning
Motor Learning
Neural Plasticity
The integration of sensory information (from inside and outsi…
A set of processes associated with practice or experience lea…
-leads to acquisition or refinement of motor skills and movem…
Ability of nervous system to modify nerual connections to be…
Motor Control
The integration of sensory information (from inside and outsi…
Motor Learning
A set of processes associated with practice or experience lea…
36 terms
Classification of Motor Skills
What is motor control?
What part of the CNS controls voluntar…
What part of the CNS controls involunt…
Motor development is
how the nervous system controls our movements
the brain
the spinal cord
how infants grow into adulthood.
What is motor control?
how the nervous system controls our movements
What part of the CNS controls voluntar…
the brain
138 terms
Human Motor Development Exam 2
Performance
Learning
Motor Learning
Is motor learning measurable
observable behavior ... -efficiency or precision of a movement
inferred from performance... -a relatively permanent improvement…
understanding the relatively permanent change or improvement…
no. it is inferred through movement performance-during and af…
Performance
observable behavior ... -efficiency or precision of a movement
Learning
inferred from performance... -a relatively permanent improvement…
26 terms
test 1 (motor behavior and mind body connection)
motor behavior
physiological... psychological
movement
motor skill
the study of human movement, including mental, physiological,…
motor behavior includes what 2 aspects of movement?
any voluntary or involuntary, active or passive body movement
voluntary and intentional body movement with a purposeful goal
motor behavior
the study of human movement, including mental, physiological,…
physiological... psychological
motor behavior includes what 2 aspects of movement?
29 terms
ENS 307: Motor control, learning & performance
Motor control`
Motor learning
Motor performance
What are the two systems necessary for…
Interaction between muscular (motor) and nervous (control) sy…
Relatively permanent improvement in motor control over time.…
Measure of motor control (Skill) at a particular time. ... -Used…
The nervous system and the muscular system.
Motor control`
Interaction between muscular (motor) and nervous (control) sy…
Motor learning
Relatively permanent improvement in motor control over time.…
22 terms
Sensory and Motor Functions
Sensory functions
Ascending tracts
Ascending tracts-main tracts
Spinothalamic tract
CNS constantly receives sensory input, we are unaware of most…
pathways in spinal cord and brain, transmit information via a…
almost all neurons relaying information to the cerebrum termi…
pain and temperature info
Sensory functions
CNS constantly receives sensory input, we are unaware of most…
Ascending tracts
pathways in spinal cord and brain, transmit information via a…
Motor Learning Review
Closed Motor Skill... Ex?
Open Motor Skill... Ex?
Closed Loop Control System-... Ex?
Open Loop Control System-... Ex?
Environment doesn't change ... -Squat
Environment does change... -Shooting a moving target
Feedback from Environment ... You do not have all the informatio…
No Feedback ... You have all information needed... -Shooting at a t…
Closed Motor Skill... Ex?
Environment doesn't change ... -Squat
Open Motor Skill... Ex?
Environment does change... -Shooting a moving target
11 terms
Motor and Integration
What are the two types of motor neurons?
What is the primary function of the ce…
What are the three parts of the motor…
What is the difference between a direc…
Upper motor neuron: connects to an interneuron which drives a…
Planning and initiation of movement
Primary motor cortex: fine motor movements... Premotor cortex: "…
Direct pathways are conscious skilled movements and tend to b…
What are the two types of motor neurons?
Upper motor neuron: connects to an interneuron which drives a…
What is the primary function of the ce…
Planning and initiation of movement
126 terms
MOTOR DEVELOPMENT
Motor behavior
Motor skills
Motor control
Neuromuscular control
the study of human movement created by muscular action
a voluntary/intentional movement with a purpose for outcome
concerned with the systems that execute movement (physiologic…
motor control is concerned with the systems primarily that ex…
Motor behavior
the study of human movement created by muscular action
Motor skills
a voluntary/intentional movement with a purpose for outcome
95 terms
motor learning chapters 4-5-6
neuron
dendrite
cell body of neuron
axon (nerve fiber)
basic component of the nervous system , functional units
extensions from the cell body, primarily responsible for rece…
contains nucleus and regulates homeostasis of the neuron
sending info from the neuron (one axon per unit)
neuron
basic component of the nervous system , functional units
dendrite
extensions from the cell body, primarily responsible for rece…
82 terms
Motor Learning: Part 3
Motor Learning Definition
Learning results from
Learning is a process of acquiring the
Learning cannot be observed
a set of processes associated with practice or experience lea…
practice
capacity for skilled action
directly but must be inferred from behavior
Motor Learning Definition
a set of processes associated with practice or experience lea…
Learning results from
practice
Intro to Neuro Rehab: Motor Control, Motor Learning, Neuroplasticity, Development of Movement, Aging, and Examination Procedures
Define Neurorehabilitation
Name previous models of Neurorehabilit…
Why were the previous models of neuror…
Name the current model of Neurorehabil…
Traditionally the process of regaining optimal function follo…
nagi model and ICIDH
They focused on disability instead of ability of the patient.
ICF
Define Neurorehabilitation
Traditionally the process of regaining optimal function follo…
Name previous models of Neurorehabilit…
nagi model and ICIDH
23 terms
Motor Control and Learning
What is Motor Control?
Reflex Model Theory
Heirarchial Model Theory
Feedback
- the study of how the CNS regulates movements
- reflexes are stereotypical responses... - there is no response…
- specific reflexes are associated with specific neuroanatomi…
- sensory or perceptual information is received after task ha…
What is Motor Control?
- the study of how the CNS regulates movements
Reflex Model Theory
- reflexes are stereotypical responses... - there is no response…
33 terms
Motor Learning Chapter 1
What do motor skills require
motor learning involves the study of
motor control involves the study of
motor development also involves the st…
voluntary body, head, and/or government to achieve its goal
acquisition of new skills, performance enhancement of well-le…
how the neuromuscular system functions to enable coordinate m…
human development from infancy to old age... related to motor…
What do motor skills require
voluntary body, head, and/or government to achieve its goal
motor learning involves the study of
acquisition of new skills, performance enhancement of well-le…
30 terms
Chapter 3 Motor Learning
Ability
Motor Ability
General Motor ability hypothesis
Specificity of Motor Ability Hypothesis
A general trait or capacity of an individual that is determin…
An ability that is specifically related to the performance of…
Many motor abilities are highly related and can be grouped as…
Many motor abilities are relatively independent in an individ…
Ability
A general trait or capacity of an individual that is determin…
Motor Ability
An ability that is specifically related to the performance of…
41 terms
Motor Learning and Performance
Task-oriented approach
task, individual, environment
Theory of motor learning
Active problem-solving
contemporary systems theory of motor control
movement emerges from an interaction between what three eleme…
a set of abstract areas or principles that attempt to explain…
applying the principles of motor learning during rehab, shift…
Task-oriented approach
contemporary systems theory of motor control
task, individual, environment
movement emerges from an interaction between what three eleme…
22 terms
Motor Control Exam 1
Why do we need neurons?
What is the structure of neurons?
What is the relationship between neuro…
How many neurons and connections does…
-transmit info from one place to another ... -info through chemi…
ABTD... Cell body (soma), terminal, dendrites, axon
Think big, think structurally. ... -i.e. certain neurons have se…
100 billion neurons, 300 billion supporting cells, 1-100,000…
Why do we need neurons?
-transmit info from one place to another ... -info through chemi…
What is the structure of neurons?
ABTD... Cell body (soma), terminal, dendrites, axon
50 terms
Motor learning test 2 terms
Open Loop
Closed loop
Motor program theory
Dynamic pattern theory
Does not use feedback... Control center provides all the informa…
Uses feedback... Control center issues information to effectors…
Memory-based mechanism that controls coordinated movement
Describes and explains coordinated movement control by emphas…
Open Loop
Does not use feedback... Control center provides all the informa…
Closed loop
Uses feedback... Control center issues information to effectors…
60 terms
Motor Learning - Test 1
why is performance measurement essenti…
two general categories of measurements…
performance outcome measures
performance production measures
- to asses and evaluate performance. assessment in science, s…
1. performance outcome measures... 2. performance production mea…
indicates the outcome of a motor skill (how far was the ball…
- indicates the activity of specific aspects of the motor con…
why is performance measurement essenti…
- to asses and evaluate performance. assessment in science, s…
two general categories of measurements…
1. performance outcome measures... 2. performance production mea…
Theories of Motor Learning
What is explicit (declarative) memory
What type of memory is for facts and e…
What is implicit memory?
What type of memory is for procedural…
Memory for people, places, objects, events that require consc…
Declarative
Unconscious memory for perceptual and motor skills
Nondeclarative/implicit
What is explicit (declarative) memory
Memory for people, places, objects, events that require consc…
What type of memory is for facts and e…
Declarative
53 terms
Motor Learning Exam 1
Motor behavior
motor skill
movement
mind-body connection
the study of human movement created by muscular actions, incl…
a voluntary and intentional movement with an outcome purpose
any voluntary or involuntary, active or passive movement made…
the bidirectional relationship between the minds thoughts and…
Motor behavior
the study of human movement created by muscular actions, incl…
motor skill
a voluntary and intentional movement with an outcome purpose
49 terms
Physiology of Motor Control Part 2/Theory of Motor Learning
do the basal ganglia have a direct out…
where do the basal ganglia's afferent…
what component of the basal ganglia se…
what components serve as the projectio…
No, they go through the thalamus (excitatory) and pedunculopo…
prefrontal and premotor cortex
Putamen
globus pallidus internus and substantia nigra
do the basal ganglia have a direct out…
No, they go through the thalamus (excitatory) and pedunculopo…
where do the basal ganglia's afferent…
prefrontal and premotor cortex
14 terms
NPM II Motor Control
What is motor control?
What three factors interact to form th…
Learning is a _________________ in int…
Motor learning
The ability to regulate or direct the mechanisms essential to…
1. the individual's abilities and disabilities... 2. the task an…
Change (a relatively permanent change that we cannot see phys…
A change in an individual's ability to perform a motor task t…
What is motor control?
The ability to regulate or direct the mechanisms essential to…
What three factors interact to form th…
1. the individual's abilities and disabilities... 2. the task an…
16 terms
Motor Control
Information processing theory
Cognitive neuroscience
learning Theory
False
Explains the relationship between perception, sensation and a…
processes responsible for cognitive process, such as learning…
Forms the foundation for understanding motor learning
True or false? ... The forces producing coordination of limb mov…
Information processing theory
Explains the relationship between perception, sensation and a…
Cognitive neuroscience
processes responsible for cognitive process, such as learning…
51 terms
Motor Learning Test #1
Hippocampus is involved in what?
Hypothalamus is that part of the brain…
Efferent Neuron
Thalamus
Memory formation, spatial memory, (hippo on campus)
helps to direct info around the brain from upper motor system…
Takes messages away from CNS
Sensations- Hot/Cold
Hippocampus is involved in what?
Memory formation, spatial memory, (hippo on campus)
Hypothalamus is that part of the brain…
helps to direct info around the brain from upper motor system…
20 terms
Motor Behavior Quiz 1
Motor Behavior
Motor Skills
Movement
Motor Control
Muscle actions and Movements, refers to both motor physiologi…
goal directed movements, intentional,
any voluntary, involuntary, active or passive movement made b…
systems that execute movements and monitor movements
Motor Behavior
Muscle actions and Movements, refers to both motor physiologi…
Motor Skills
goal directed movements, intentional,
42 terms
Neuromotor Basis of Motor Control
What are the 3 types of Neurons
What kind of Neuron is a Sensory Neuron
What kind of Neuron is a Motor Neuron
How many motor neurons are there for e…
1) Sensory... 2) Interneuron... 3) Motor Neuron
Afferent
Efferent
10 motor neurons
What are the 3 types of Neurons
1) Sensory... 2) Interneuron... 3) Motor Neuron
What kind of Neuron is a Sensory Neuron
Afferent
29 terms
Theories of Motor Control and Motor Development
the ability to regulate body posture a…
describe the reflex theory
what was defined on the basis of the r…
what reflexes do you test for children
motor control
reflex is the basis of movement, all movement is the summatio…
Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation
developmental or primitive reflexes in children
the ability to regulate body posture a…
motor control
describe the reflex theory
reflex is the basis of movement, all movement is the summatio…
1 of 10