How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "term:muscles respiration = 1) diaphragm prime mover of inspiration 2) external intercostals 3) internal intercostals 4) innermost intercostals"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "term:muscles respiration = 1) diaphragm prime mover of inspiration 2) external intercostals 3) internal intercostals 4) innermost intercostals"

11 terms
Muscles of Thorax Relating to Respiratory Movements: Origin, Insertion, Action, Innervation
external intercostals o
external intercostals i
external intercostals a
internal intercostals o
this muscle of respiration originates in the inferior border…
this muscle of respiration inserts in the superior border of…
these muscles work as the diaphragm does and assists in inspi…
superior border of the rib below this particular muscle
external intercostals o
this muscle of respiration originates in the inferior border…
external intercostals i
this muscle of respiration inserts in the superior border of…
14 terms
Thorax, Shoulder, Ab muscles
Pectoralis major
Origin of pectoralis major
Insertion of pectoralis major
Serratus anterior
prime mover of arm flexion, abducts, medially rotates arm
clavicle, sternum, cartilage or ribs 1-6, and aponeurosis of…
intertubercular sulcus of humerus
prime mover to protract and hold scapula against chest wall;…
Pectoralis major
prime mover of arm flexion, abducts, medially rotates arm
Origin of pectoralis major
clavicle, sternum, cartilage or ribs 1-6, and aponeurosis of…
25 terms
Muscles of the Thoracic Wall
Muscles of Thoracic Wall
Intercostal Muscles
External Intercostal Muscle
Internal Intercostal Muscle
Arranged in 3 layers... A.) External Layer: external intercostal…
11 pairs of external and internal intercostals.
Origin: fibers pass downward and forward between the adjacent…
Attachment: pass downward and backward. Extend back from the…
Muscles of Thoracic Wall
Arranged in 3 layers... A.) External Layer: external intercostal…
Intercostal Muscles
11 pairs of external and internal intercostals.
7 terms
Superficial Muscles of Thorax & Shoulder and Deep Muscles of Respiration
Pectoralis major
Serratus anterior
Pectoralis minor
Deltoid
Origin: Clavicle, sternum, first 6-7 ribs... Insertion: Interbub…
Origin: Laterial aspect of first to 8-9 ribs... Insertion: Verte…
Origin: 3rd, 4th, & 5th ribs... Insertion: Coracoid process of s…
Origin: Clavicle; acromion... Insertion: Deltoid tuberosity of h…
Pectoralis major
Origin: Clavicle, sternum, first 6-7 ribs... Insertion: Interbub…
Serratus anterior
Origin: Laterial aspect of first to 8-9 ribs... Insertion: Verte…
12 terms
Anterior trunk muscles
Deltoid
Pectoralis major
Sternocleidomastoid
Rectus abdominus
Prime mover for shoulder/arm abduction
Prime move for shoulder/arm flexion and adduction
Anterior neck muscle; rotates or flexes head
2 of 4 flexes/ rotates vertebral column; stabilizes ribs and…
Deltoid
Prime mover for shoulder/arm abduction
Pectoralis major
Prime move for shoulder/arm flexion and adduction
44 terms
Muscles
Sternocleidomastoid
Scalenes
Erector spinae
Quadratus lumborum
Prime mover of flexion & lateral rotation of the head
Elevates first two ribs ... synergist of lateral flexion of ver…
Prime mover of neck and trunk extension & lateral flexion of…
Prime mover of trunk extension, lateral flexion of vertebral…
Sternocleidomastoid
Prime mover of flexion & lateral rotation of the head
Scalenes
Elevates first two ribs ... synergist of lateral flexion of ver…
12 terms
Anterior trunk muscles purpose
Deltoid
Pectoralis major
Sternocleidomastoid
External oblique
Prime mover fpr shoulder/arm abduction
Prime mover for shoulder/arm flex ruin and adduction
Anterior neck muscles, rotates or flexes head
1 of 4, outermost, trunk rotation and lateral flex toon
Deltoid
Prime mover fpr shoulder/arm abduction
Pectoralis major
Prime mover for shoulder/arm flex ruin and adduction
12 terms
Anterior trunk muscles purpose
Deltoid
Pectoralis major
Sternocleidomastoid
External oblique
Prime mover fpr shoulder/arm abduction
Prime mover for shoulder/arm flex ruin and adduction
Anterior neck muscles, rotates or flexes head
1 of 4, outermost, trunk rotation and lateral flex toon
Deltoid
Prime mover fpr shoulder/arm abduction
Pectoralis major
Prime mover for shoulder/arm flex ruin and adduction
14 terms
22.2 Pulmonary Ventilation
inspiration
expiration
pulmonary ventilation
respiratory cycle
inhaling
exhaling
breathing... repetitive cycle of inspiration and expiration
one complete breath in and out
inspiration
inhaling
expiration
exhaling
79 terms
Respiratory System
Alveoli surrounded by...
Respiratory Membrane
Respiratory Membrane consists of ...
Pleural Cavity
a basket of blood capillaries supplied by the pulmonary artery
barrier between alveolar air and blood
squamous alveolar cell... endothelial cells of blood capillary... s…
potential space between pleurae--film of slipperly pleural fl…
Alveoli surrounded by...
a basket of blood capillaries supplied by the pulmonary artery
Respiratory Membrane
barrier between alveolar air and blood
13 terms
respitory - pulmonary ventalation and respitory muscles
breathing (pulmonary ventilation)
respiratory cycle
quiet respiration
forced respiration
- consists of a repetitive cycle one cycle of inspiration (in…
- one complete inspiration and expiration
- while at rest, effortless, and automatic
- deep rapid breathing, such as during exercise
breathing (pulmonary ventilation)
- consists of a repetitive cycle one cycle of inspiration (in…
respiratory cycle
- one complete inspiration and expiration
60 terms
A&P Lab 1 exam 3 (muscles actions and prime movers)
Action of Masseter (Prime Mover)
action of Temporalis
Medial and Lateral Pterygoid
Action of Epicranius: Frontal belly an…
Prime mover of jaw, raises mandible
Closes jaw
aids in grinding of teeth
Raises Eyebrows
Action of Masseter (Prime Mover)
Prime mover of jaw, raises mandible
action of Temporalis
Closes jaw
43 terms
chapter 10
functions of muscles
epimysium
perimysium
endomysium
-movement of body parts and organ contents... -maintain posture…
-covers whole muscle belly... -blends into connective tissue tha…
-slightly thicker layer of connective tissue... -surrounds a bun…
-thin layer of areolar tissue surrounding each cell... -allows r…
functions of muscles
-movement of body parts and organ contents... -maintain posture…
epimysium
-covers whole muscle belly... -blends into connective tissue tha…
160 terms
Muscles
Muscle used to blink the eyes
Flexes vertebral column, depresses rib…
Prime mover of inspiration
Frowning muscle
orbicularis oculi
rectus abdominus
diaphragm
depressor anguli oris
Muscle used to blink the eyes
orbicularis oculi
Flexes vertebral column, depresses rib…
rectus abdominus
56 terms
Anatomy Chapter 22 Part 2
visceral pleura
parietal pleura
pleural cavity
breathing
serous membrane, covers lungs
adheres to mediastinum, inner surface of rib cage, and superi…
potential space between pleurae
repetitive cycle of inspiration and expiration
visceral pleura
serous membrane, covers lungs
parietal pleura
adheres to mediastinum, inner surface of rib cage, and superi…
108 terms
Respiratory System Physiology
visceral pleura
parietal pleura
pleural cavity
pleural fluid
serous membrane, covers lungs
adheres to mediastinum, inner surface of rib cafe, and superi…
potential place between pleurae
film of slippery fluid; normally no room between membranes
visceral pleura
serous membrane, covers lungs
parietal pleura
adheres to mediastinum, inner surface of rib cafe, and superi…
32 terms
ch 16 respiration muscles
Prime movers for inspiration
Diaphragm OIAN
External Intercostals OIAN
@ rest the diaphragm is _______ shaped
diaphragm; external intercostals
O: Xiphoid Process, ribs 7-12 on interior aspect of rib cage…
O: Rib Above... I: Rib Below... A: Rib elevation (Inspiration)... N: I…
Dome shaped
Prime movers for inspiration
diaphragm; external intercostals
Diaphragm OIAN
O: Xiphoid Process, ribs 7-12 on interior aspect of rib cage…
Muscles and their functions
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Masseter
Sternocleidomastoid
Opens and closes your eye lids
Lip movement and closing mouth
Elevate mandible; chewing/ mastecation
Rotation of head to opposite side; flexion of head
Orbicularis Oculi
Opens and closes your eye lids
Orbicularis Oris
Lip movement and closing mouth
61 terms
Muscles of the body
orbicularis oculi
corrugator supercilii
orbicularis oris
buccinator
muscle for facial expression, closes eyes
muscle for facial expression, draws eyebrows medially and inf…
muscle for facial expression, closes lips
muscle for facial expression, compresses cheeks
orbicularis oculi
muscle for facial expression, closes eyes
corrugator supercilii
muscle for facial expression, draws eyebrows medially and inf…
9 terms
Anterior muscles: neck thorax, shoulder, and abdominal
sternocleidomastoid
pectoralis major... (superficial; thorax…
serratus anterior ... (superficial; thora…
deltoid ... (superficial: thorax & should…
O: manubruim of sternum & clavicle ... I: mastoid process of tem…
O: clavicle, sternum, cartilage of ribs 1-6... I: humerus ... A: mo…
O: ribs 1-8 (9)... I: scapula ... A: rib elevation protracts & rota…
O: clavicle; acromion & spine of scapula ... I: deltoid tuberosi…
sternocleidomastoid
O: manubruim of sternum & clavicle ... I: mastoid process of tem…
pectoralis major... (superficial; thorax…
O: clavicle, sternum, cartilage of ribs 1-6... I: humerus ... A: mo…
42 terms
Lab 3
frontal sinus
sphenoid sinus
maxilla sinus
turbinate concha
frontal sinus
sphenoid sinus
162 terms
A&P 1 Muscles
Pectoralis Major (Origin)
Pectoralis Major (Insertion)
Pectoralis Major (Action)
Serratus Anterior (Origin)
Clavicle, Sternum, Catilage ribs 1-6
Humerus
Prime mover of arm flexation; adducts, medially rotates arm
Ribs 1-8 (or 9)
Pectoralis Major (Origin)
Clavicle, Sternum, Catilage ribs 1-6
Pectoralis Major (Insertion)
Humerus
56 terms
Ch 11 Lecture MUSCULAR SYSTEM
Muscle Attachments
Origin
Insertion
Belly
Origin,Insertion,Belly
attachment of a muscle tendon to a stationary bone that remai…
attachment of a muscle tendon to a moveable end of bone when…
middle part of the muscle
Muscle Attachments
Origin,Insertion,Belly
Origin
attachment of a muscle tendon to a stationary bone that remai…
37 terms
Chapter 10: Naming of Muscles
Temporalis
Masseter
Sternocleidomastoid
Spinalis
elevate and protracts or retract the mandible
elevate and protract or retract the mandible
a major landmark; flexes/laterally flexes/rotates head and neck
erector spine muscle
Temporalis
elevate and protracts or retract the mandible
Masseter
elevate and protract or retract the mandible
17 terms
Muscles of the Trunk
Rectus abdominus
external oblique
internal oblique
transversus abdominus
flexes spine; origin in pubic crest, inserts in costal cartil…
laterally rotates and flexes trunk
laterally rotates and flexes trunk
compresses abdomen
Rectus abdominus
flexes spine; origin in pubic crest, inserts in costal cartil…
external oblique
laterally rotates and flexes trunk
12 terms
Muscles of the Trunk
rectus abdomalis
pectoralis major
deltoid
external oblique
name means "straight muscle of the abdomen"
prime mover for shoulder flexion and adduction
prime mover for shoulder abduction
part of the abdominal girdle; forms the external lateral wall…
rectus abdomalis
name means "straight muscle of the abdomen"
pectoralis major
prime mover for shoulder flexion and adduction
56 terms
Lab practical #2
alveolar macrophages
Type I alveolar cells
Type II alveolar cells
surfactant
phagocytize debris, dust, & bacteria in alveolus
extremely thin squamous epithelial cells designed to maximize…
cells inside alveoli that secrete surfactant
reduces surface tension inside the alveoli to prevent alveoli…
alveolar macrophages
phagocytize debris, dust, & bacteria in alveolus
Type I alveolar cells
extremely thin squamous epithelial cells designed to maximize…
37 terms
Muscle Actions
Frontalis
Orbicularis Oris
Orbicularis Oculi
Sternocleidomastoid
raises eyebrow, wrinkles the forehead skin horizontally
closes lips, purses and protrudes lips, kissing and whistling…
closes eyelids, aids in passage and drainage of tears
prime mover of active head flexion
Frontalis
raises eyebrow, wrinkles the forehead skin horizontally
Orbicularis Oris
closes lips, purses and protrudes lips, kissing and whistling…
91 terms
Respiration
speech breathing
inhalation/inspiration
exhalation/expiration
lower airway
the regulation of breathing for voice and speech production
the movement of air into our upper and lower airways
the movement of air out of the lower and upper airways
below the larynx
speech breathing
the regulation of breathing for voice and speech production
inhalation/inspiration
the movement of air into our upper and lower airways
22 terms
Anatomy Ch 1
Thoracic Cage
Thoracic Vertebrae
Ribs
Anatomy of a rib
supports the thoracic cavity... consists of... -thoracic vertebrae…
T1-T12... -heart shaped bodies... -larger bodies than in C1-C7... -sma…
12 pair... -True ribs 1-7... -False ribs 8-12... -Floating ribs 11-12
elongated flat bone:... 1. Head... 2. Neck... 3. Tubercle... 4. Body... 5. C…
Thoracic Cage
supports the thoracic cavity... consists of... -thoracic vertebrae…
Thoracic Vertebrae
T1-T12... -heart shaped bodies... -larger bodies than in C1-C7... -sma…
12 terms
Anterior Trunk Muscles
Deltoid
Pectoralis Major
Sternocleidomastoid
External Oblique
Prime mover for shoulder/ arm abduction
Prime mover for shoulder/ arm flexion and adduction
Anterior neck muscles; rotates or flexes head
1 of 4; outermost; trunk rotation and lateral flexion
Deltoid
Prime mover for shoulder/ arm abduction
Pectoralis Major
Prime mover for shoulder/ arm flexion and adduction
14 terms
Muscles of respiration (thoracic) and abdominal wall
major function
external intercostals
pectoralis minor
pectoralis major
depress and elevate ribs
origin: inferior edge of superior rib... insertion: superior edg…
origin: anterior surface of ribs 3-5... insertion: coracoid proc…
origin: clavicle and sternum... insertion: lateral lip of intert…
major function
depress and elevate ribs
external intercostals
origin: inferior edge of superior rib... insertion: superior edg…
49 terms
BIO 250 - Ch 10 - Muscular System
Circular
Convergent
Parallel
Fusiform
Fascicles arranged in concentric rings (e.g. orbicularis... oris)
◦ Fascicles converge toward a single tendon insertion (e.g.... p…
Fascicles parallel to the long axis of a straplike muscle... (e.…
◦ Spindle-shaped muscles with parallel fibers (e.g. biceps... br…
Circular
Fascicles arranged in concentric rings (e.g. orbicularis... oris)
Convergent
◦ Fascicles converge toward a single tendon insertion (e.g.... p…
19 terms
Lab 4: Respiratory Anatomy
Quiet Inspiration
Forced Inspiration
Quiet Expiration
Forced Expiration
Diaphragm ... External Intercostals
Diaphragm ... External Intercostals ... Sternocleidomastoid ... Scalen…
No muscles
Internal Intercostals ... Rectus Abdominus ... External Abdominal O…
Quiet Inspiration
Diaphragm ... External Intercostals
Forced Inspiration
Diaphragm ... External Intercostals ... Sternocleidomastoid ... Scalen…
Lab 7 Part 2
The back & pectoral girdle.
Major & Minor Rhomboids
Trapezius.
Levator Scapulae
Muscles of posture and shoulder movement act on what?
Which muscle(s) straighten the thoracic region of the spine &…
The superior portion of this muscle stabilizes the cervical r…
Muscle that pulls scapulae superiorly.
The back & pectoral girdle.
Muscles of posture and shoulder movement act on what?
Major & Minor Rhomboids
Which muscle(s) straighten the thoracic region of the spine &…
26 terms
Lab 7 Part 2
Muscle that move head.... Muscles that e…
Sternocleidomastoid ... Suprahyoid ... Infra…
Sternocleidomastoid
Synergist
What are two functional muscle groups of the neck and vertebr…
What are the 5 muscles that move head?
Muscle that acts as the major head flexor.
A body organ that cooperates with another or others to produc…
Muscle that move head.... Muscles that e…
What are two functional muscle groups of the neck and vertebr…
Sternocleidomastoid ... Suprahyoid ... Infra…
What are the 5 muscles that move head?
19 terms
Muscles of Abdominal Wall and Respiration
origin of external intercostals
insertion of external intercostals
action of external intercostals
origin of internal intercostals
inferior border of rib above
superior border of rib below
pulls ribs toward one another to elevate rib cage; aids in in…
superior border of rib below
origin of external intercostals
inferior border of rib above
insertion of external intercostals
superior border of rib below
23 terms
respiration
thoracic cavity... bony landmarks of ster…
ribs attach to what two things... ribs 1-…
Sternum... what type of bone... joins with w…
ribs articulate with the vertebrae in…
manubrium, xiphoid, body... costal cartilage, true ribs, false r…
sternum and vertebrae... true... false--attach indirectly to articu…
flat... ribs and vertebral bodies to form thorax
bodies of vertebrae and TP's... costovertebral articulations
thoracic cavity... bony landmarks of ster…
manubrium, xiphoid, body... costal cartilage, true ribs, false r…
ribs attach to what two things... ribs 1-…
sternum and vertebrae... true... false--attach indirectly to articu…
58 terms
Axial Muscles
epicranius
temporalis
orbicularis oculi
orbicularis oris
raises eyebrows
elevates/retracts mandible
closes eye
closes lips
epicranius
raises eyebrows
temporalis
elevates/retracts mandible
122 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22 Respiratory System
Diaphragm
External Intercostal Muscles
Scalenes
3 main respiratory muscles
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
synergist to diaphragm, quiet respiration holds ribs 1 and 2…
diaphragm, external intercostal muscles and scalenes
Diaphragm
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
External Intercostal Muscles
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
122 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22
Diaphragm
External Intercostal Muscles
Scalenes
3 main respiratory muscles
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
synergist to diaphragm, quiet respiration holds ribs 1 and 2…
diaphragm, external intercostal muscles and scalenes
Diaphragm
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
External Intercostal Muscles
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
35 terms
Anterior muscles of the human thorax, shoulder and abdominal wall
pectoralis major muscle
serratus anterior muscle
deltoid muscle
pectoralis major muscle
action: prime mover of arm flexion, adducts, medially rotates…
action: prime mover to protract and hold scapula against ches…
action: acting as a whole, prime mover of arm abduction, prim…
insertion: fibers converge to insert by short tendon into int…
pectoralis major muscle
action: prime mover of arm flexion, adducts, medially rotates…
serratus anterior muscle
action: prime mover to protract and hold scapula against ches…
49 terms
axial trunk muscles lab 7 quiz
trunk 4 functional groups
functions of muscles
neck and vertebrael column
deep intrinsic back muscles
...
respiration, support abdominal wall, movement and support of…
trunk extension
erector spinae group
trunk 4 functional groups
...
functions of muscles
respiration, support abdominal wall, movement and support of…
122 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22
Diaphragm
External Intercostal Muscles
Scalenes
3 main respiratory muscles
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
synergist to diaphragm, quiet respiration holds ribs 1 and 2…
diaphragm, external intercostal muscles and scalenes
Diaphragm
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
External Intercostal Muscles
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
122 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22
Diaphragm
External Intercostal Muscles
Scalenes
3 main respiratory muscles
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
synergist to diaphragm, quiet respiration holds ribs 1 and 2…
diaphragm, external intercostal muscles and scalenes
Diaphragm
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
External Intercostal Muscles
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
6 terms
thoracic cage muscle
diaphragm
internal intercostals
external intercostals
serrated anterior
action: prime mover of inspiration flattens on contraction ... o…
action:draw ribs together o depress rib cage ... origin: superio…
action:pull ribs toward one another to elevate rib cage ... orig…
action: time mover to protract and hold scapula against chest…
diaphragm
action: prime mover of inspiration flattens on contraction ... o…
internal intercostals
action:draw ribs together o depress rib cage ... origin: superio…
Muscles of the Torso
External intercostals, internal interc…
external intercostals, diaphram
Diaphragm
External Intercostals
These muscles are in charge of respiration.
In order to inhale you must use the ________ and ________.
This is the prime mover of inspiration.
O: Inferior border of rib above... I: Superior border of rib be…
External intercostals, internal interc…
These muscles are in charge of respiration.
external intercostals, diaphram
In order to inhale you must use the ________ and ________.
23 terms
Core Muscles
Muscles of the Abdominal Wall
Rectus abdominus
External oblique
Internal oblique
Rectus abdominus... Transverse abdominis... External oblique... Intern…
Tightens abdominal pelvic wall; compresses internal organs; f…
Tightens abdominalpelvic wall and compresses internal organs…
Tightens abdominalpelvic wall and compresses internal organs…
Muscles of the Abdominal Wall
Rectus abdominus... Transverse abdominis... External oblique... Intern…
Rectus abdominus
Tightens abdominal pelvic wall; compresses internal organs; f…
104 terms
Muscles A&P 1
Epicranius frontal belly
Epicranius occipital belly
Orbicularis oculi
Levator labii superioris
Raises eyebrows
Pulls scalp
Closes eye
Opens lips
Epicranius frontal belly
Raises eyebrows
Epicranius occipital belly
Pulls scalp
28 terms
Final Muscle Test
3 muscles of the gluteal region
Smallest gluteus muscle
most powerful extensor of the hip
deep rotator muscles
gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, and gluteus minimus
gluteus minimus
gluteus maximus
piriformis, obturator externus, inferior gemeius, superior ge…
3 muscles of the gluteal region
gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, and gluteus minimus
Smallest gluteus muscle
gluteus minimus
1 of 10