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Study sets matching "term:nucleic acids = chonp"

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Study sets matching "term:nucleic acids = chonp"

10 terms
NUCLEIC ACIDS
RNA
DNA
WATSON AND CRICK
GUANINE
Ribonucleic acid is a single stranded nucleic acid with nucle…
Deoxynucleic acid is a double stranded nucleic acid with nucl…
Scientists that developed double helix model of DNA.
Component of nucleic acids that carries hereditary informatio…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid is a single stranded nucleic acid with nucle…
DNA
Deoxynucleic acid is a double stranded nucleic acid with nucl…
10 terms
Nucleic acids
What does DNA stand for?
Four chemical bases DNA is made up of
Name of structure
Where is DNA most commonly found?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine
Double Helix
The cells nucleus
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Four chemical bases DNA is made up of
Adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine
10 terms
Nucleic Acids
DNA
RNA
Nucleotide
Adenine
Deoxyribonucleic Acid... A double stranded molecule containing t…
Ribonucleic acid... A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes a…
"A building block/monomer of DNA and RNA, ... Nitrogen Base Suga…
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid... A double stranded molecule containing t…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid... A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes a…
23 terms
Nucleic Acids
Nucleic acids are a group of bio polym…
Nucleosides and Nucleotides
2. Sugar and Aromatic Amines
3. Phosphate ester, sugar, and aromati…
What are Nucleic Acids
What 2 groups can Nucleic Acids be divided into?
How many units in a nucleoside? Name them.
How many units in a nucleotide? Name them.
Nucleic acids are a group of bio polym…
What are Nucleic Acids
Nucleosides and Nucleotides
What 2 groups can Nucleic Acids be divided into?
27 terms
Nucleic Acids
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Double Stranded, very long
Single Stranded, short
Where DNA is located in the cell
Where RNA is located in the cell.
The size of DNA
The size of RNA
Nucleus
Where DNA is located in the cell
Cytoplasm
Where RNA is located in the cell.
11 terms
Nucleic Acids
DNA Definition:
RNA Definition:
Nucleotide Definition:
Nucleic Acid Definition:
The Nucleic Acid Polymer that stays in the Nucleus -DNA is th…
The Nucleic Acid Polymer that can leave the Nucleus - RNA is…
The monomer of the DNA and RNA polymer; composed of a Phoshph…
A type of Macromolecule that contains the instructions for ev…
DNA Definition:
The Nucleic Acid Polymer that stays in the Nucleus -DNA is th…
RNA Definition:
The Nucleic Acid Polymer that can leave the Nucleus - RNA is…
13 terms
Nucleic Acids
DNA
RNA
Nucleotide
3 parts of a nucleotide
deoxyribonucleic acid
riobnucleic acid
monomer of DNA/RNA
phosphate group... sugar... nitrogenous base
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
RNA
riobnucleic acid
39 terms
Nucleic Acids
Nucleotide
Phosphodiester bond
Complementary base pairing
Purine
Monomer from which DNA and RNA is made, consisting of a pento…
Bond that forms between the phosphate group of one nucleotide…
Arrangement of nitrogenous bases. Adenine and thymine are hel…
Double ring nitrogenous bases....Adenine and Guanine.
Nucleotide
Monomer from which DNA and RNA is made, consisting of a pento…
Phosphodiester bond
Bond that forms between the phosphate group of one nucleotide…
12 terms
Nucleic Acids
Deoxyribose
Ribose
DNA Nitrogen Bases
RNA Nitrogen Bases
The sugar found in DNA
The sugar found in RNA
adenine, Thymine, guanine, cytosine
adenine, uracil, guanine, cytosine
Deoxyribose
The sugar found in DNA
Ribose
The sugar found in RNA
19 terms
Nucleic Acids
deoxyribonucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
chromatid
centromere
DNA
RNA
half of a chromosome
where 2 chromatids are joined together
deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA
ribonucleic acid
RNA
10 terms
NUCLEIC ACIDS
RNA
DNA
WATSON AND CRICK
GUANINE
Ribonucleic acid is a single stranded nucleic acid with nucle…
Deoxynucleic acid is a double stranded nucleic acid with nucl…
Scientists that developed double helix model of DNA.
Component of nucleic acids that carries hereditary informatio…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid is a single stranded nucleic acid with nucle…
DNA
Deoxynucleic acid is a double stranded nucleic acid with nucl…
Nucleic Acids
DNA
RNA
DNA replication
transcription
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a complex molecule containing the gen…
(ribonucleic acid) a single-stranded nucleic acid that passes…
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
Process in which part of the nucleotide sequence of DNA is co…
DNA
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a complex molecule containing the gen…
RNA
(ribonucleic acid) a single-stranded nucleic acid that passes…
23 terms
Nucleic Acids
Nucleic acids are a group of bio polym…
Nucleosides and Nucleotides
2. Sugar and Aromatic Amines
3. Phosphate ester, sugar, and aromati…
What are Nucleic Acids
What 2 groups can Nucleic Acids be divided into?
How many units in a nucleoside? Name them.
How many units in a nucleotide? Name them.
Nucleic acids are a group of bio polym…
What are Nucleic Acids
Nucleosides and Nucleotides
What 2 groups can Nucleic Acids be divided into?
11 terms
Nucleic acids
Nucleotide
Polynucleotide
Phosphodiester bond
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Monomer of a polynucleotide
A polymer of nucleotide monomers covalently bonded together.
Strong covalent bonds that form between the phosphate group a…
A double stranded polynucleotide.
Nucleotide
Monomer of a polynucleotide
Polynucleotide
A polymer of nucleotide monomers covalently bonded together.
18 terms
Nucleic Acids
Nucleotide
3 parts of a nucleotide
A pairs with
C pairs with
monomer of nucleic acids
sugar, phosphate, nitrogen base
T
G
Nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids
3 parts of a nucleotide
sugar, phosphate, nitrogen base
8 terms
Nucleic Acids Basics
Nucleosome
Chromatin
Histone
Gene
Complex of DNA, histones and non histones protein from which…
One of several small, highly conserved basic proteins, found…
Nucleosome
Chromatin
Complex of DNA, histones and non histones protein from which…
20 terms
Nucleic Acids
the functions of nucleic acids are to…
they are made up of ___________________
momomers of nucleic acids are...
DNA (_________________________________…
-store and transfer information... -to make protiens
H, O, N, C, P
nucleotides
Deoxyribonucleic Acid, cellular activities, characteristics
the functions of nucleic acids are to…
-store and transfer information... -to make protiens
they are made up of ___________________
H, O, N, C, P
15 terms
Nucleic Acids
Cytosine
Uracil
Thymine
Guanine
Pyrimidine
Pyrimidine
Pyrimidine
Purine
Cytosine
Pyrimidine
Uracil
Pyrimidine
22 terms
Nucleic Acids
nucleotides
nucleic acid function
RNA
3 molecular parts of nucleotides
the building blocks of nucleic acids
store and transmit genetic information
performs protein synthesis; controls intermediate steps in pr…
-a 5 carbon sugar... -phosphate group... -nitrogenous base (A,G,T,C…
nucleotides
the building blocks of nucleic acids
nucleic acid function
store and transmit genetic information
19 terms
Nucleic Acids
DNA
DNA and RNA
nucleotide
Watson and Crick
The molecule that holds the instructions for how to build a c…
2 Examples of Nucleic Acids
monomer of a nucleic acid
Figured out structure of DNA was a double helix.
DNA
The molecule that holds the instructions for how to build a c…
DNA and RNA
2 Examples of Nucleic Acids
21 terms
Nucleic acids
Nucleic acids
DNA
Antiparallel strands
RNA
Describes molecules composed of polynucleotides like DNA and…
Deoxyribonucleic acid, a molecule formed from two polynucleot…
The two strands in DNA run in opposite directions (ie one is…
Ribonucleic acid, a single polynucleotide strand which exists…
Nucleic acids
Describes molecules composed of polynucleotides like DNA and…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid, a molecule formed from two polynucleot…
8 terms
Nucleic Acids
nucleic acid
monomer
nucleotide
pyrimidine
information storage and instructions... ATP
nucleotide
phosphate group: located on 5' C bonded to 3' OH... pentose sug…
single nitrogen ring structures
nucleic acid
information storage and instructions... ATP
monomer
nucleotide
6 terms
Nucleic acids
Monomers
Parts of nucleotides
pyrimidines
Purines
Nucleotides
-nitrogen base... -5 carbon sugar ... -phosphate group
6 membered ring of nitrogen and carbon atoms ... -cytosine ... -thy…
larger, 6 member ring fused to 5 member ring ... -adenine ... -guan…
Monomers
Nucleotides
Parts of nucleotides
-nitrogen base... -5 carbon sugar ... -phosphate group
19 terms
Nucleic Acids
deoxyribose acid
ribonucleic acid
Translation
Transcription
DNA, stays in the nucleus, blueprints/ instructions for life,…
RNA, forms from DNA, functions with ribosomes to form protein…
a sytem used in protein synthesis... 1.) mRNA attaches to riboso…
a system used in protein synthesis... 1.) DNA unwinds and unzips…
deoxyribose acid
DNA, stays in the nucleus, blueprints/ instructions for life,…
ribonucleic acid
RNA, forms from DNA, functions with ribosomes to form protein…
10 terms
Nucleic Acids
Nucleic Acid
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
Nucleotide
Long chain of nucleotides that make up genetic material
Double stranded chain that contain the blueprint for life. Lo…
Single stranded chain the is used to make proteins from the D…
Monomer consisting of a pentose sugar, a phosphate group, and…
Nucleic Acid
Long chain of nucleotides that make up genetic material
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Double stranded chain that contain the blueprint for life. Lo…
12 terms
Nucleic Acids
nucleotide
double helix
A, T, C, G
A, U, C, G
monomers of nucleic acids
deoxyribonucleic acid
nitrogenous bases found in DNA
nitrogenous bases found in RNA
nucleotide
monomers of nucleic acids
double helix
deoxyribonucleic acid
36 terms
Nucleic Acids
Watson-Crick base pairs determine seco…
Wobble pairing
DNA double helix can adopt different s…
DNA double helix can adopt different s…
Watson-Crick or "canonical" base pairs:... A : T - weak H-bonder…
Uses non-Watson-Crick edge.... Not very stable.... Important for in…
The most common secondary structural form of DNAs.... The WC bas…
Under dehydration conditions, DNA adopts the A form.... RNAs are…
Watson-Crick base pairs determine seco…
Watson-Crick or "canonical" base pairs:... A : T - weak H-bonder…
Wobble pairing
Uses non-Watson-Crick edge.... Not very stable.... Important for in…
12 terms
Nucleic acids
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
nucleotide
dinucleotide
Holds the genetic information.
transfers genetic information from the DNA in the nucleus to…
composed of pentose sugar bonded to a phosphate and an organi…
made from two nucleotides joined together by a condensation r…
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Holds the genetic information.
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
transfers genetic information from the DNA in the nucleus to…
18 terms
Nucleic Acids
What do Nucleic Acids contain?
What are the functions of nucleic acids?
What are the building blocks of nuclei…
What is the composition of nucleic aci…
C, H, O, N, P.
Determine amino acid sequence of proteins.... Source of genetic…
Nucelotides
1. 5-Carbon Sugar (pentose)... 2. Nitrogen-containing base... 3. Ph…
What do Nucleic Acids contain?
C, H, O, N, P.
What are the functions of nucleic acids?
Determine amino acid sequence of proteins.... Source of genetic…
24 terms
Nucleic Acids
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Ribonucleic Acid
Nucleic acid
Nucleotide
Contain the pentose sugar deoxyribose and form DNA
Contain the pentose sugar ribose and form RNA
Macromolecules that are specialized for storage and transfer…
Monomers that are nucleic acid polymers ... 1. Phosphate group... 2…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Contain the pentose sugar deoxyribose and form DNA
Ribonucleic Acid
Contain the pentose sugar ribose and form RNA
13 terms
Nucleic Acids
Nucleic acids
Monomer
Nucleotide(Sugar-phosphate backbone) S…
Nucleotide(Sugar-phosphate backbone) C…
Information storage, energy
Nucleotide
5' end near phosphate... 3' end near a Hydroxyl
Nucleoside:Nitrogenous Base, Pentose Sugar... Also contains phos…
Nucleic acids
Information storage, energy
Monomer
Nucleotide
12 terms
Nucleic acids
Nucleic acid examples
Nucleic acid monomer and structure
Nucleotide picture
Purines
DNA, RNA, ATP, GTP
nucleotide- has a nitrogenous base, 5 carbon sugar, and a pho…
Two rings- one 5 carbon ring bonded to 6 carbon ring. Include…
Nucleic acid examples
DNA, RNA, ATP, GTP
Nucleic acid monomer and structure
nucleotide- has a nitrogenous base, 5 carbon sugar, and a pho…
12 terms
Nucleic acid
Double helix
nucleotide
nucleotide
adenine
Two strands of DNA wound into a spiral shape.
Monomer/smallest molecule of a DNA known as a nucleic acid/nu…
Consists of a simple sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen…
A nitrogenous base found in DNA and RNA. It pairs with thymin…
Double helix
Two strands of DNA wound into a spiral shape.
nucleotide
Monomer/smallest molecule of a DNA known as a nucleic acid/nu…
10 terms
Nucleic Acids
Genome
RNA and DNA
Nucleotides
Adenine binds to thymine
Genetic make up
Nucleic acids/ Organic substances
Phosphates, sugars and bases
Two hydrogen bonds
Genome
Genetic make up
RNA and DNA
Nucleic acids/ Organic substances
27 terms
Nucleic Acids
Nucleotide
Types of nucleic acids
nucleotide structure
DNA 5 carbon sugar is
Monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
DNA and RNA
Phosphate group, 5 carbon sugar, Nitrogenous base
deoxyribose
Nucleotide
Monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
Types of nucleic acids
DNA and RNA
26 terms
Nucleic Acids
Elements
Monomer unit
Nucleotides are made of:
Pentose sugars
C, H, O, N, and P
Nucleotide
pentose sugar, organic base, and phosphate group
ribose or deoxyribose
Elements
C, H, O, N, and P
Monomer unit
Nucleotide
23 terms
Nucleic Acids
nucleotide
nucleoside
nucleobase
adenine
pentose, phosphate, base (aden-ylate)
pentose, base (aden-osine)
base (aden-ine)
(ANGONTOOMCNO)
nucleotide
pentose, phosphate, base (aden-ylate)
nucleoside
pentose, base (aden-osine)
10 terms
Nucleic Acids
Functions of Nucleic Acids
Elements of Nucleic Acids
Monomers of Nucleic Acids
Types/examples of Nucleic Acids
1.Holds the genetic information of the cell (DNA)... 2.Carries i…
Carbon... Oxygen... Hydrogen... Nitrogen... Phosphorus
Nucleotide
DNA... RNA
Functions of Nucleic Acids
1.Holds the genetic information of the cell (DNA)... 2.Carries i…
Elements of Nucleic Acids
Carbon... Oxygen... Hydrogen... Nitrogen... Phosphorus
38 terms
Nucleic Acids
What is the correct sequence of the tr…
What are the three base sequences call…
What type of molecule would contain ph…
What type of molecule is double-strand…
DNA-RNA-Protein
anticodon
RNA
DNA
What is the correct sequence of the tr…
DNA-RNA-Protein
What are the three base sequences call…
anticodon
11 terms
Nucleic Acids
nucleic acids
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, ph…
nucleotides
-store information... -holds genetic info…
what compound structure is this?
what elements is nucleic acids made up of?
nucleic acids are made up of what monomers?
what are the functions of nucleic acids?
nucleic acids
what compound structure is this?
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, ph…
what elements is nucleic acids made up of?
10 terms
Nucleic Acids
nucleic acids
nucleotides
Adenine Thymine Cytosine Guanine
DNA
large molecules that store information in the cell
monomers of nucleic acids
four nitrogen bases used as a code for the genetic instructions
contains information essential to all cell activities
nucleic acids
large molecules that store information in the cell
nucleotides
monomers of nucleic acids
10 terms
Nucleic acids
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
nucleotide
phosphodiester
Holds the genetic information.
transfers genetic information from the DNA in the nucleus to…
composed of pentose sugar bonded to a phosphate and an organi…
Bond formed between the phosphate group of one nucleotide and…
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Holds the genetic information.
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
transfers genetic information from the DNA in the nucleus to…
Nucleic Acids
elements
monomer
nucleotide parts
Nitrogen bases in DNA
hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorous
nucleotide
5 carbon sugar, n base, phosphate group
adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine
elements
hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorous
monomer
nucleotide
30 terms
Nucleic Acids
What is the acidic group of a nucleic…
components of a nucleic acid
antiparallel direction
purines
-the phosphate group ... -it becomes deprotonated and negatively…
- triphosphate acid ... - ribose sugar ... - adenine base
one strand is 5'-->3' and the other strand runs in the opposi…
-a pyrimidine ring fused to an imidazole ring ... -adenine and g…
What is the acidic group of a nucleic…
-the phosphate group ... -it becomes deprotonated and negatively…
components of a nucleic acid
- triphosphate acid ... - ribose sugar ... - adenine base
7 terms
Nucleic Acids
Structural components of nucleic acids
DNA
RNA
Nucletoids
pol
where directions to make proteins are found
how directions get to proteins
building blocks of RNA and DNA
Structural components of nucleic acids
pol
DNA
where directions to make proteins are found
7 terms
Nucleic Acids
Structural components of nucleic acids
DNA
RNA
Nucletoids
pol
where directions to make proteins are found
how directions get to proteins
building blocks of RNA and DNA
Structural components of nucleic acids
pol
DNA
where directions to make proteins are found
13 terms
Nucleic Acids
Adenine
Guanine
Cytosine
Thymine
Adenine
Guanine
Nucleic Acids
DNA
RNA
Nucleotide
Elements
Deoxyribonucleic Acid... A double stranded molecule containing t…
Ribonucleic acid... A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes a…
"A building block/monomer of DNA and RNA, ... Nitrogen Base Suga…
phosphorus and nitrogen
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid... A double stranded molecule containing t…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid... A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes a…
31 terms
Nucleic Acids
DNA, RNA
nucleotides
5-carbon sugar, phosphate group (PO4),…
sugar
examples of Nucleic Acids (list separated with commas)
monomers of nucleic acids
nucleotides are composed of (list separated with commas):
the type of _____ determines whether the nucleic acid is DNA…
DNA, RNA
examples of Nucleic Acids (list separated with commas)
nucleotides
monomers of nucleic acids
5 terms
Nucleic acids
Adenine
Guanine
Cytosine
Thymine
Purine... pairs with T... Two H-bonds... Amino at C-6
Purine... pairs with C... Three H-bonds... Amino at C-2
Pyrimidine... pairs with G... Three H-bonds... Amino at C-4
Pyrimidine... pairs with A... Two H-bonds
Adenine
Purine... pairs with T... Two H-bonds... Amino at C-6
Guanine
Purine... pairs with C... Three H-bonds... Amino at C-2
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