Study sets matching "term:nucleus+pulposus = develops from the notochord"

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Study sets matching "term:nucleus+pulposus = develops from the notochord"

Notochord
Notochord
Urochordates
Cephalochordates
Structural role of notochord
-main axial skeletal element of early embryo in the chordates…
notochord in tail
notochord reaches the head
"primitive backbone" in tadpole or fish-like larvae, can be u…
Notochord
-main axial skeletal element of early embryo in the chordates…
Urochordates
notochord in tail
IVD Nucleus Pulposus
What is the water concentration in the…
What is the consequence of non-aggrega…
What cell is associated with nucleus p…
Which type of collagen is dominant in…
birth=88%, 30=70%
it will lose water under deformation
notochord cells
c0llagen type II
What is the water concentration in the…
birth=88%, 30=70%
What is the consequence of non-aggrega…
it will lose water under deformation
5 terms
Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy Exam 1 - Section 3 and 4
Blastopore
Gastrulation
Synapomorphies of Chordates
Notochord
Turns Into the Anus During Gastrulation
During Early Embryonic Development When Blastula Turns into G…
- Notochord... - Pharyngeal Slits... - Endostle, Dorsal... - Hollow Ne…
Slender Rod That Develops From Mesoderm
Blastopore
Turns Into the Anus During Gastrulation
Gastrulation
During Early Embryonic Development When Blastula Turns into G…
13 terms
early development II
gastrulation
other structures formed during gastrul…
notochord process
notochord
1) bi-laminar embryonic disk 2) DAY 15 formation of primitive…
1) allantois: outpouching of yolk sac for gas exchange and st…
1) DAY 17 hollow tube forms at primitive node and elongates c…
provides rigidity, defines site of vertebral column, sections…
gastrulation
1) bi-laminar embryonic disk 2) DAY 15 formation of primitive…
other structures formed during gastrul…
1) allantois: outpouching of yolk sac for gas exchange and st…
52 terms
Embryology of the Vertebral Column, Vertebrae and Intervertebral Discs
Mesenchyme
Mesenchyme derived from the sclerotome…
Vertebral Centrum development
In sclerotomes...
Embryological connective tissue that gives rise to other conn…
Around the notochord... Surrounding the neural tube... In the body…
2 adjacent sclerotomes that surround the notochord fuse... Inter…
Mesenchymal cells are loosely packed cranially and densely pa…
Mesenchyme
Embryological connective tissue that gives rise to other conn…
Mesenchyme derived from the sclerotome…
Around the notochord... Surrounding the neural tube... In the body…
7 terms
Fetal-Postnatal derivatives
Allantois-->urachus
Ductus ateriosus
Ductus venosus
Foramen ovale
Median umbilical ligament
Ligamentum ateriosum
Ligamentum venosum
Fossa ovalis
Allantois-->urachus
Median umbilical ligament
Ductus ateriosus
Ligamentum ateriosum
80 terms
COT 6.3 Lecture: Embryology Body Plan
oropharyngeal membrane
oropharyngeal membrane
26, 43
cloacal membrane
membrane located at cranial/cephalic end of developing embryo
temporary boundary between the oral cavity and the foregut fo…
oropharyngeal membrane breaks down by day ____ of development…
membrane located at caudal end of developing embryo
oropharyngeal membrane
membrane located at cranial/cephalic end of developing embryo
oropharyngeal membrane
temporary boundary between the oral cavity and the foregut fo…
Intervertebral Disc/Spinal Cord
Disc functions include
There is no disc between
There is a small disc between
Each disc is composed of
Maintain changeable space between bodies, adds flexibility to…
The occiput and atlas or between atlas and axis
The sacrum and coccyx
Water, cells-primarily fibroblasts and chondrocytes, proteogl…
Disc functions include
Maintain changeable space between bodies, adds flexibility to…
There is no disc between
The occiput and atlas or between atlas and axis
12 terms
Neural Development & Regional Specifications Of The Developing Brain (Forebrain, Midbrain, Hindbrain) (First Aid)
The Notochord Induces ______
The Neural Plate Gives Rise To ______
Neural Crest Cells Are Derived From __…
The Notochord Becomes ______
the overlying ectoderm to differentiate into neuroectoderm an…
the neural tube and neural crest cells
neuroectoderm
nucleus pulposus of the intervertebral disc in adults
The Notochord Induces ______
the overlying ectoderm to differentiate into neuroectoderm an…
The Neural Plate Gives Rise To ______
the neural tube and neural crest cells
26 terms
Musculoskeletal Embryology
Musculoskeleton arises from...
By the end of the 3rd week, paraxial m…
Sclerotome
Dermomyotome
mesoderm. includes skeletal muscle, bone, and cartilage
segmented and turns into the somites
differentiated part of the somite. forms vertebrae and ribs
differentiated part of the somite. myotome region forms the m…
Musculoskeleton arises from...
mesoderm. includes skeletal muscle, bone, and cartilage
By the end of the 3rd week, paraxial m…
segmented and turns into the somites
113 terms
Gastrulation, Neurulation, Angiogenesis, and CV development
the beginnings of morphogenesis
in gastrulation, there is a developmen…
gastrulation: differentiation into 3 g…
during gastrulation, the embryo is now…
gastrulation
notochord... prechordial plate
trilaminar embryonic disk
gastrula
the beginnings of morphogenesis
gastrulation
in gastrulation, there is a developmen…
notochord... prechordial plate
23 terms
Development of the Musculoskeletal System
Layers of trilaminar embryo
Notochord
Notochord induces ectoderm to become
Mesoderm forms 3 aggregates
Ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm
Rod of mesoderm that induces formation of CNS & head; not the…
Neurectoderm (future nervous system)
Paraxial mesoderm, intermediate mesoderm, and lateral plate m…
Layers of trilaminar embryo
Ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm
Notochord
Rod of mesoderm that induces formation of CNS & head; not the…
71 terms
Osseous tissue bone formation
how many layers in an embryo
diff types of mesoderm
know the importance of the notochord
what happens after mesoderm
3
lateral, paraxial, and intermediate
...
segmentation of mesoderm around notochord and development of…
how many layers in an embryo
3
diff types of mesoderm
lateral, paraxial, and intermediate
81 terms
neuro lecture 1-embyro
prenatal period has 2 periods
first 8 wks/2 mnths of development
vast majority of congenital abnormalit…
formed in embryonic period to set the…
embryonic... fetal
embryonic period
embryonic period
3 major brain regions... 5 subdivisions... future spinal cord
prenatal period has 2 periods
embryonic... fetal
first 8 wks/2 mnths of development
embryonic period
7 terms
Germ Layers from the Epiblast
Ectoderm
Mesoderm: Notochord
Mesoderm: Somite
Mesoderm: Intermediate mesoderm
Epidermis, hair, nails, glands of skin... Brain and Spinal cord…
Nucleus pulposus of intervertebral discs
Schlerotome: vertebrae and ribs... Dermatome: dermis of dorsal b…
Kidneys... Gonads
Ectoderm
Epidermis, hair, nails, glands of skin... Brain and Spinal cord…
Mesoderm: Notochord
Nucleus pulposus of intervertebral discs
51 terms
Musculoskeletal system 1
Two major parts of the skeleton
The axial skeletal composition
The appendicular skeleton composition
Axial skeleton's role
The axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton
Vertebrae, sternum and ribs + skull
Limbs and girdles
-Protection of the CNS and viscera... -Breathing movements ... -Sup…
Two major parts of the skeleton
The axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton
The axial skeletal composition
Vertebrae, sternum and ribs + skull
59 terms
Back and Limb Development (Week 4, Lec
how many vertebral segments
somites are from:
somites develop ___ to ___
to form somites ___ cells become ___ c…
33
paraxial mesoderm
cranial to caudal
mesechymal cells becomes epithelial cells
how many vertebral segments
33
somites are from:
paraxial mesoderm
47 terms
E3 - Spinal Cord and Vertebral Column
Neural tube of neuroectoderm (SUMMARY)
Neural crest of neuroectoderm (SUMMARY)
Paraxial mesoderm (SUMMARY)
Intraembryonic mesoderm of notochord (…
Derivatives of this germ layer are:... - brain... - spinal cord
Derivatives of this germ layer are:... - spinal and cranial nerv…
Derivatives of this germ layer are:... - axial musculature and a…
Derivatives of this germ layer are:... - Nucleus pulposus
Neural tube of neuroectoderm (SUMMARY)
Derivatives of this germ layer are:... - brain... - spinal cord
Neural crest of neuroectoderm (SUMMARY)
Derivatives of this germ layer are:... - spinal and cranial nerv…
898 terms
MSK Week 1-2
Somites
Somitomeres
Sclerotome
Dermomyotome
Derived from paraxial mesoderm. Lateral plate mesoderm on the…
Loosely packed somitomeres from paraxial mesoderm. then turn…
Somites split into sclerotome around the neural tube and noto…
From the somite and forms the dermis and myotome or muscle. s…
Somites
Derived from paraxial mesoderm. Lateral plate mesoderm on the…
Somitomeres
Loosely packed somitomeres from paraxial mesoderm. then turn…
basic embryology - week 3
Gastrulation
Primitive streak
Ectoderm
Mesoderm
Gastrulation
Primitive streak
96 terms
Week 3 of Development
Gastrulation
What changes are occuring to the bilam…
What develops into the CNS?
What do the 3 germ layers become?
Week 2 going into Week 3... Beginning of Morphogenesis
Appearance of the Primitive Streak... Development of the notocho…
Notochord and Prechordial plate
Trilaminar embryonic disc
Gastrulation
Week 2 going into Week 3... Beginning of Morphogenesis
What changes are occuring to the bilam…
Appearance of the Primitive Streak... Development of the notocho…
22 terms
Notochord Development and Neurulation
what is the formation of the neural tu…
what develops into the nervous system
the formation of the neural tube begin…
where is the notochord derived from
neurulation
neural tube
notochord
mesoderm
what is the formation of the neural tu…
neurulation
what develops into the nervous system
neural tube
23 terms
L3: Formation of the Notochord- Asymmetry
prenotochordal cells will invagiate to…
the notochord lies under the __ ___ an…
the ___ ___ is at the caudal end of th…
the posterior wall of the yolk sac wil…
mesoderm, prechordal plate
neural tube, axial skeleton
cloacal membrane, mesoderm (this is similar to the oropharong…
diverticulium , connecting stalk (may effect the development…
prenotochordal cells will invagiate to…
mesoderm, prechordal plate
the notochord lies under the __ ___ an…
neural tube, axial skeleton
50 terms
MBB RAKESH
Hirschsprung disease
surface ectoderm
Neural Tube
Neural Crest
the neural crest fails to give formations of nerve plexus for…
anterior pituitary,lens, cornea
Posterior Pituitary,retina,optic nerve,brain and spinal cord
Adrenal Medulla (Chromaffin cells)... autonomic and Sensory Nerves
Hirschsprung disease
the neural crest fails to give formations of nerve plexus for…
surface ectoderm
anterior pituitary,lens, cornea
15 terms
(9/20) Gastrulation and Primary Germ Layers
Mechanism of gastrulation
Ectoderm derivatives
Endoderm derivatives
Diverticula
Change in cell shape, rearrangement, change in nearest neighb…
CNS, neural crest derivatives, and integument
Epithelial lining of gut tube and diverticula only
Abnormal side pockets in a hollow organ, such as the intestine:
Mechanism of gastrulation
Change in cell shape, rearrangement, change in nearest neighb…
Ectoderm derivatives
CNS, neural crest derivatives, and integument
10 terms
Development
Somites are blocks of _______.
The notochord is derived form ______.
What does the notochord eventually bec…
The notochord forms during ______.
mesoderm
mesoderm
the nucleus pulposus of the intervertebral disk
gastrulation
Somites are blocks of _______.
mesoderm
The notochord is derived form ______.
mesoderm
10 terms
HBIO 301 - Vertebrae
Somites
Nucleus pulposus
Myotomes
Sclerotome
create sclerotome tissues that give rise to the ribs and the…
where the remnants of the notochord are
muscular segments between ribs and attaching to vertebrae
parts of the somite that the vertebrae develop from
Somites
create sclerotome tissues that give rise to the ribs and the…
Nucleus pulposus
where the remnants of the notochord are
30 terms
Embryology: Gastrulation & Neurulation: Week 03
bilaminar disk... Week three of developme…
gastrula... day 21
primitive streak... day 21
notochord... day 21
what fetal landmark has developed within week 2 of fertilizat…
The process by which a blastula develops into a gastrula with…
A groove on the surface of an early avian embryo along the fu…
A rod of tough, flexible material that runs the length of a c…
bilaminar disk... Week three of developme…
what fetal landmark has developed within week 2 of fertilizat…
gastrula... day 21
The process by which a blastula develops into a gastrula with…
1,128 terms
Med 2 Block 1
epiblast
ectoderm
ectoderm (neural tube)
ectoderm
ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm are derived from this primit…
epidermis, hair, nails, skin glands are all derived from this…
brain and spinal cord are derived from this germ layer
neural crest is derived from this germ layer
epiblast
ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm are derived from this primit…
ectoderm
epidermis, hair, nails, skin glands are all derived from this…
80 terms
Embryology Nervous System
brain
spinal cord
3-16 (but sensitive until and even aft…
ectoderm (neuroectoderm)
what the top part of the neural tube develops into
what the bottom part of the neural tube develops into
sensitivity period for the CNS, weeks:
what the brain and spinal cord develop from
brain
what the top part of the neural tube develops into
spinal cord
what the bottom part of the neural tube develops into
762 terms
Med 2 Block 1
epiblast
ectoderm
ectoderm (neural tube)
ectoderm
ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm are derived from this primit…
epidermis, hair, nails, skin glands are all derived from this…
brain and spinal cord are derived from this germ layer
neural crest is derived from this germ layer
epiblast
ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm are derived from this primit…
ectoderm
epidermis, hair, nails, skin glands are all derived from this…
64 terms
Embryology- notochord, neural tube, muscles, and somites
Notochord in adults?
Somitomeres (what, where?)
Somitomeres that form muscles of face,…
Somitomeres that form somites
Only a small remnant in the nucleus pulposus of intervertebra…
Some form somites, some do not... First appear in cranial region…
Somitomeres 1-7
Somitomeres 8-10 form first three pairs of somites
Notochord in adults?
Only a small remnant in the nucleus pulposus of intervertebra…
Somitomeres (what, where?)
Some form somites, some do not... First appear in cranial region…
128 terms
Chordates (except Mammals)
Taxonomy
systematics (or systemization)
Taxa
the seven ranks of taxon in order
identifying, grouping, and naming organisms according to thei…
taxonomy and the study of the evolutionary processes that giv…
major animal groups at each level in the hierarchy
kingdom, phylum class, order, family, genus, species
Taxonomy
identifying, grouping, and naming organisms according to thei…
systematics (or systemization)
taxonomy and the study of the evolutionary processes that giv…
44 terms
chapter 8
centrum
vertebral arch
hemal arch/chevron bones
transverse process
occupies position occupied by the notochord during development
designed to protect the spinal cord
houses the caudal artery
articulate with the ribs and serve for muscle and ligament at…
centrum
occupies position occupied by the notochord during development
vertebral arch
designed to protect the spinal cord
55 terms
2.14 Axial Skeleton: Components
Notochord
Basic Structure
Dorsal Arches
Ventral arches
- core make up of fluid-filled cells... - with outer sheaths for…
- body (centrum) from which different processes project to fo…
- protect spinal cord proper (neural arch) and spinal nerves…
- protect axial blood vessels (Hemal arch) and their branches…
Notochord
- core make up of fluid-filled cells... - with outer sheaths for…
Basic Structure
- body (centrum) from which different processes project to fo…
69 terms
Mesoderm
MyoD1 is a ...
Definition of MRF
Role of MRF
Binding site of MyoD1
Transcription factor
Transcription factors that enter the nucleus and bind to spec…
They direct transcription of... muscle specific genes in myoblas…
CANNTG
MyoD1 is a ...
Transcription factor
Definition of MRF
Transcription factors that enter the nucleus and bind to spec…
29 terms
Skeletal and Muscular Systems Development
skeleton germ layer root
face and skull germ layer root
mesenchyme
vertebrae and ribs root
parietal and lateral plate mesoderm, somitomeres in head regi…
neural crest cells
embryonic connective tissue (from sclerotome cells), condense…
sclerotome (part of mesoderm)
skeleton germ layer root
parietal and lateral plate mesoderm, somitomeres in head regi…
face and skull germ layer root
neural crest cells
Week 12-Musculoskeletal Development
3 types of mesoderm
what happens to paraxial mesoderm
sclerotome
dermomyotome
paraxial, intermediate, lateral plate mesoderm
turns into somites (snowballs)
part of the paraxial mesoderm that differentiates into verteb…
part of the paraxial mesoderm that differentiates into skin a…
3 types of mesoderm
paraxial, intermediate, lateral plate mesoderm
what happens to paraxial mesoderm
turns into somites (snowballs)
Embryo
Epiblast
Hypoblast
Coelom... B/w epiblast and hypoblast
Lateral
Ectoderm -> somatic mesoderm
Endoderm -> splanchnic mesoderm
Filled by mesoderm -> paraxial, intermediate, lateral mesoder…
Dermatome
Epiblast
Ectoderm -> somatic mesoderm
Hypoblast
Endoderm -> splanchnic mesoderm
24 terms
UNIT 2. Child Development
paternity
decision making steps
values
Parenting readiness
biological father
6 steps: state the problem, list ALL options, pros and cons f…
things of great importance: time, family, reputation, skills,…
Personal qualities and life circumstances that enable individ…
paternity
biological father
decision making steps
6 steps: state the problem, list ALL options, pros and cons f…
78 terms
Embryology 5
gastrulation
epiblast, hypoblast
morphogenesis
ectoderm, endoderm and mesoderm)
the process by which the bilaminar disc is now converted into…
what are the two layers of the bilaminar disc?
development of the form and structure of various organs and p…
three germ layers
gastrulation
the process by which the bilaminar disc is now converted into…
epiblast, hypoblast
what are the two layers of the bilaminar disc?
98 terms
Notochord Development and Neurulation
What is neurulation?
What does the neural tube develop into?
What does the formation of the neural…
What is the notochord derived from?
The formation of the neural tube from overlying ectoderm cells
The nervous system - spinal cord and brain - CNS
The appearance of the notochord
Mesoderm
What is neurulation?
The formation of the neural tube from overlying ectoderm cells
What does the neural tube develop into?
The nervous system - spinal cord and brain - CNS
194 terms
Development of the Nervous System, Chapter 5 (Neuro)
CNS develops from
Progression of brain weight
When do most neurons undergo their las…
Basic form of CNS complete by
primitive ectoderm
800 g at birth -->... 1200 g at 6 years --> ... 1400 g in adult... *b…
before birth
6th week of gestation... - next stages = cellular proliferation…
CNS develops from
primitive ectoderm
Progression of brain weight
800 g at birth -->... 1200 g at 6 years --> ... 1400 g in adult... *b…
20 terms
Week 10 Prefix/Suffix
Dors
latissimus dorsi
ef
efferent nerves
towards the surface of the back
a large muscle on the lower back
away from
take impulses away from the brain, towards the body
Dors
towards the surface of the back
latissimus dorsi
a large muscle on the lower back
20 terms
Comparative- Chapter 2
protostomes
deuterostomes
protostomes development
deuterostomes development
molluscs, annelids, arthropods
echinoderms, hemichordates, cordates
blastopore (mouth), spiral cleavage, schizocoelic coelom, ect…
blastopore (anus), radial cleavage, enterocoelic coelom, meso…
protostomes
molluscs, annelids, arthropods
deuterostomes
echinoderms, hemichordates, cordates
30 terms
Notochord Dev. and Body Axis
what is the tube-like structure that s…
if the notochord doesn't degenerate wh…
cells invaginate from the __________ a…
the epiblast cell fate is determined b…
notochord
the nucleus populous of the intervertebral discs
epiblast
migration and destination
what is the tube-like structure that s…
notochord
if the notochord doesn't degenerate wh…
the nucleus populous of the intervertebral discs
7 terms
FA Fetal-Postnatal Cardio Derivatives
Allantois/urachus
Ductus arteriosus
Ductus venosus
Foramen ovale
Median umbilical ligament
Ligamentum arteriosum
Ligamentum venosum
Fossa ovalis
Allantois/urachus
Median umbilical ligament
Ductus arteriosus
Ligamentum arteriosum
30 terms
Musculoskeletal system
Skeleton can be divided into two parts
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
Number of cervical vertebrae
axial skeleton ... appendicular skeleton
(vertebrae, sternum and ribs + skull)
(limbs and girdles)
7
Skeleton can be divided into two parts
axial skeleton ... appendicular skeleton
Axial skeleton
(vertebrae, sternum and ribs + skull)
31 terms
Embryology Highlights
___ induces neural plate to form
___ becomes the CNS (S.C.)
___ develops into most of PNS & ANS
Rostral neuropore closes ___
notochord
neural tube
neural crest
~25th day
___ induces neural plate to form
notochord
___ becomes the CNS (S.C.)
neural tube
P2.7 Energy from the Nucleus
Nuclear Fission
When a nucleus splits...
Neutrons sent out from fission can cau…
E=... (Energy)
The splitting of an atomic nucleus (Uranium-235 and Plutonium…
It creates 2 daughter nuclei and sends out 2 or 3 more neutro…
Chain reaction
mc^2 ... (m= difference in mass) (c= speed of light)
Nuclear Fission
The splitting of an atomic nucleus (Uranium-235 and Plutonium…
When a nucleus splits...
It creates 2 daughter nuclei and sends out 2 or 3 more neutro…
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