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Study sets matching "term:om = abbreviation for a common ear infection seen in children"

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Study sets matching "term:om = abbreviation for a common ear infection seen in children"

70 terms
Otitis media
What is otitis media?
Subtypes of otitis media
What is acute otitis media (AOM)?
Most common bacteria causing AOM
Group of infective and inflammatory conditions affecting the…
Acute otitis media (AOM).... Otitis media with effusion (OME).... C…
Acute inflammation of the middle ear caused by bacteria (most…
Haemophilus influenzae.... Streptococcus pneumoniae.... Slightly l…
What is otitis media?
Group of infective and inflammatory conditions affecting the…
Subtypes of otitis media
Acute otitis media (AOM).... Otitis media with effusion (OME).... C…
23 terms
Ear Infections and Treatment
AOM -Acute Ottis Media
OME-Ottis Media with Effusion
OE Ottis Externa
OE causative organisms
Middle ear infection with acute onset. Most common in childre…
Middle ear fluid persists in absence of s/sx of an acute infe…
(swimmer's ear)... Infection of the outer ear... Common in children…
S. epidermids, S. aureus, Corynebacteria
AOM -Acute Ottis Media
Middle ear infection with acute onset. Most common in childre…
OME-Ottis Media with Effusion
Middle ear fluid persists in absence of s/sx of an acute infe…
167 terms
Middle ear disorder: otoscopic examination TM
what are the characteristics of the ... TM
Anatomy of the TM
what is the normal color to the TM
what is the color middle ear effusion
color ... position ... mobility ... perforation
normal is translucent pale gray
opaque yellow or blue
what are the characteristics of the ... TM
color ... position ... mobility ... perforation
Anatomy of the TM
25 terms
Ear infections
External otitis
Infection of outer canal, most often d…
Pain and irritation main complaint... out…
If tympanic membrane is observed (infl…
most cases caused by:... -pseudomonas spp. (usually aeruginosa)…
External otitis
External otitis
OE + AOM
External otitis
most cases caused by:... -pseudomonas spp. (usually aeruginosa)…
Infection of outer canal, most often d…
External otitis
77 terms
Pharmacotherapy of Common Ear Infections and Conditions
Otitis Externa Microbiology
Otitis Externa Treatment
OE TX - Instilling ear drops -
OE TX - Duration of treatment should l…
Most commonly, OE is a bacterial process, with Pseudomonas ae…
Antibiotic drops are treatment of choice. Choice of antibioti…
warm the bottle between the hands initially to decrease risk…
about 3 days longer than symptom resolution (typically 5-7 da…
Otitis Externa Microbiology
Most commonly, OE is a bacterial process, with Pseudomonas ae…
Otitis Externa Treatment
Antibiotic drops are treatment of choice. Choice of antibioti…
28 terms
Anomalies of the Middle Ear
Congenital disorders of the middle ear
Otitis Media
Otitis Media with Effusion (OME)
Serous fliud
Absence or malformation of the ossicles, middle ear space, or…
-inflammation of the middle ear... -Very common in children... -Wit…
-inflammation of the middle ear when fluid is present... -can ca…
fluid that is not infected
Congenital disorders of the middle ear
Absence or malformation of the ossicles, middle ear space, or…
Otitis Media
-inflammation of the middle ear... -Very common in children... -Wit…
93 terms
Pedi Respiratory
signs of respiratory failure
signs of respiratory distress
otitis media OM
why are OM more common in kids
tachypnea ... dyspnea... hyperpnea... nasal flaring... use of accessory m…
mental status change; extreme irritability ... circumoral cyanos…
often caused by bacteria... -strep pneumoniae, haemophilus influ…
short, immature upper repiratory tract and the eustachian tub…
signs of respiratory failure
tachypnea ... dyspnea... hyperpnea... nasal flaring... use of accessory m…
signs of respiratory distress
mental status change; extreme irritability ... circumoral cyanos…
44 terms
N403 Unit 6 Otitis Media
otitis media
eustachian tubes
URI or cold
eardrum and tympanic membrane
inflammation of the middle ear
wat is it the malfunctioning of which helps drain secretions,…
ear infections is usually preceded buy hat infections
like the piece of saran wrap tat is punctured and fluid build…
otitis media
inflammation of the middle ear
eustachian tubes
wat is it the malfunctioning of which helps drain secretions,…
91 terms
Middle Ear Disorders
Closing off, or physically blocking th…
Chronic occlusion of the Etube causes:
Negative pressure in the ME causes
Disorder where the Etube remains open
Absorption of air in the ME space, creating a vacuum or negat…
Stage 1: inflammation of tissue, eventually changing from Etu…
the TM to retract
Patulous
Closing off, or physically blocking th…
Absorption of air in the ME space, creating a vacuum or negat…
Chronic occlusion of the Etube causes:
Stage 1: inflammation of tissue, eventually changing from Etu…
37 terms
outer ear
collect and resonate sound, localizati…
1500 HZ
2700 hz
separates it from outside world
functions of the outer ear
how much does the concha resonate sound?
how much does the ear canal resonate sound?
how does the outer ear protect the middle ear?
collect and resonate sound, localizati…
functions of the outer ear
1500 HZ
how much does the concha resonate sound?
20 terms
Disorders and Treatment of the Middle ear
otitis media
chronic otitis media
acute OM
OM with effusion
most common ME disorders and seen in children; build up of fl…
fluid remains in the ME for a prolonged period or returns wit…
occurs abruptly; swelling and redness, fluid and mucous; incl…
fluid and mucous accumulate in the middle ear after the initi…
otitis media
most common ME disorders and seen in children; build up of fl…
chronic otitis media
fluid remains in the ME for a prolonged period or returns wit…
49 terms
Health Assessment Chapter 15: Ears
The external ear is called the
The external auditory canal terminates…
External ear diagram
The middle ear contains
Auricle or Pinna... *Consists of movable cartilage and skin.
eardrum
Tiny ear bones (3)... 1. Malleus... 2. Incus... 3. Stapes
The external ear is called the
Auricle or Pinna... *Consists of movable cartilage and skin.
The external auditory canal terminates…
eardrum
143 terms
Week 8 1750
Bacterial
Dermis
Staphococcus, strepococcus
Cellulitis
What kind of infection is cellulitis?
What part of the skin does cellulitis affect?
These organisms are the most common causes of cellulitis?
Infection of skin cells
Bacterial
What kind of infection is cellulitis?
Dermis
What part of the skin does cellulitis affect?
48 terms
Infection
Otitis externa is commonly called
Otitis media is located in the..
Otitis media s/s
Otitis media treatment
Swimmers ear
middle ear
Pulling at ears... decreased appetite... sucking aggravates pain... fe…
Antibiotics... Auralgan ear drops... Anti-pyretics... Tubes (Myringoto…
Otitis externa is commonly called
Swimmers ear
Otitis media is located in the..
middle ear
49 terms
Middle ear & ETD
nonotologic causes of otalgia
chronic nonotologic otalgia (>2-3 mo),…
Tx for neuralgia
otologic sources of otalgia
trigeminal, facial, glossopharyngeal, vagal, upper cervical n…
tumor
carbamazepine ... (trigeminal, sphenopalatine, glossopharyngeal,…
otitis media/externa, ... foreign body, ... trauma, ... mastoiditis
nonotologic causes of otalgia
trigeminal, facial, glossopharyngeal, vagal, upper cervical n…
chronic nonotologic otalgia (>2-3 mo),…
tumor
27 terms
CPD - Ear, Nose, and Sinus
1. Helix... 2. Anti-helix... 3. External aud…
The tympanic membrane laterally and th…
CN VII (facial nerve)
BL: Perilymph... ML: Endolymph
Identify the parts of the ear labeled 1-5.
What are the boundaries of the middle ear?
The stapedius is the smallest muscle of the body. What never…
The inner ear is made up of the body labyrinth and the membra…
1. Helix... 2. Anti-helix... 3. External aud…
Identify the parts of the ear labeled 1-5.
The tympanic membrane laterally and th…
What are the boundaries of the middle ear?
24 terms
Pediatrics - Otitis Media
inflammation of the middle ear
rapid onset of S/S of inflammation of…
discharge from ear
OM with presence of fever or otalgia
otitis media
acute otitis media
otorrhea
severe OM
inflammation of the middle ear
otitis media
rapid onset of S/S of inflammation of…
acute otitis media
68 terms
AUD - Disorders - ME
Bullous Myringitis is a condition in w…
Bullous Myringitis blisters represent…
Bullous Myringitis is extremely painfu…
Bullous Myringitis occurs in associati…
...
...
...
...
Bullous Myringitis is a condition in w…
...
Bullous Myringitis blisters represent…
...
39 terms
Hearing Disorders in Children
Atresia
microtia
stenosis
ossicular dysplasia
no opening, no EAM of the bony or membranous portion
small or malformed outer ear
narrowing of the canal and can cause cerumen to build up or a…
the fixation, deformation, or disarticulation of the ossicles
Atresia
no opening, no EAM of the bony or membranous portion
microtia
small or malformed outer ear
41 terms
POM: Ear Disorders II
Otitis Externa Epidemiology
Otitis Externa Risk Factors
Otitis Externa Etiology
Otitis Externa Signs/Symptoms
4/1000 people in US annually... common in hot/humid climates and…
previous episodes of OE or swimming/aquatic exercises... ear plu…
infection of skin overlying ear canal... hx of H2O exposure/mech…
tragus pain, otalgia (mild to severe) over 1-2 days... applicati…
Otitis Externa Epidemiology
4/1000 people in US annually... common in hot/humid climates and…
Otitis Externa Risk Factors
previous episodes of OE or swimming/aquatic exercises... ear plu…
133 terms
ENT
Acute OM what is it?
steps leading to acute OM
what pathogen cause acute OM
presenting symptoms of OM
infection of middle ear, temporal bone & mastoid air cells
usually precipitated by a URI that causes Eustachian tube dys…
strep pneumonia *... H. influenza *... Moraxella Catarrhalis*... strep…
OTALGIA ... decreased hearing ... fever (rare)... dizziness... aural pres…
Acute OM what is it?
infection of middle ear, temporal bone & mastoid air cells
steps leading to acute OM
usually precipitated by a URI that causes Eustachian tube dys…
12 terms
diseases and disorders
astigmatism
myopia (nearsightedness)
hyperopia (farsightedness)
cataract
a common condition that causes blurred vision due to either t…
a condition in which close objects are seen clearly, but obje…
a condition in which distant objects are usually seen clearly…
a clouding of the lens of the eye (blurred vision)
astigmatism
a common condition that causes blurred vision due to either t…
myopia (nearsightedness)
a condition in which close objects are seen clearly, but obje…
95 terms
Ear
foul smelling discharge is characteris…
pulsatile tinnitus can occur with
what is a worrying sign in the ear
tragus is supplied by
cholesteoma
vascular tumours or malformations
unilateral deafness (tumour)
trigeminal nerve
foul smelling discharge is characteris…
cholesteoma
pulsatile tinnitus can occur with
vascular tumours or malformations
83 terms
Abbreviations part 2
MRI
MRSA
MS
MVI
Magnetic resonance imaging... nuclear magnetic resonance... a nonin…
methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus... bacteria causing…
multiple sclerosis... morphine sulfate ( dangerous abbreviations)
multiple vitamin infusion
MRI
Magnetic resonance imaging... nuclear magnetic resonance... a nonin…
MRSA
methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus... bacteria causing…
103 terms
Pediatrics Final Study Guide
Distinguish cyanotic from acyanotic ca…
Common cardiac anomalies that are asso…
Still's murmur and how to recognize it
Patent Ductus Arteriosis (PDA) murmurs…
Right>Left = Cyanotic... Four T's: ... 1) Tetralogy of Fallot... 2) Tr…
1) AVSD - Atrio-Ventricular Septal Defect... 2) VSD - Ventricula…
Stills murmur = Vibratory functional murmur heard in a young…
PDA is a continuous machine-like murmur... Keep PDA open in :... 1…
Distinguish cyanotic from acyanotic ca…
Right>Left = Cyanotic... Four T's: ... 1) Tetralogy of Fallot... 2) Tr…
Common cardiac anomalies that are asso…
1) AVSD - Atrio-Ventricular Septal Defect... 2) VSD - Ventricula…
Osteomyelitis
Waldvogel Classification
Acute hematogenous, direct extension,…
Generalized speticemia
In children in the vascularized growin…
Oldest classification for OM?
3 classes seen in the Waldvogel Classification of OM?
How do infectious organisms get into the bone in Hematogenous…
Where is Hematogenous OM usually found?
Waldvogel Classification
Oldest classification for OM?
Acute hematogenous, direct extension,…
3 classes seen in the Waldvogel Classification of OM?
40 terms
Musculoskeletal Infections Kahn
BONE ANATOMY!... Diaphysis
BONE ANATOMY!... Epiphysis
BONE ANATOMY!... Physis
BONE ANATOMY!... Metaphysis
BONE ANATOMY!... Diaphysis
BONE ANATOMY!... Epiphysis
31 terms
Ears
External Ear : Inspection
Contact dermatitis
basal and squamous cell carcinomas
auricular tophi
contact dermatitis... basal or squamous cell carcinomas... auricula…
o Nickel dermatitis from cheap jewelry... o Zyl frames, sensitiv…
o Common on tips of ears (sun exposure
o Chalky deposits on ear lobe; fairly unusual
External Ear : Inspection
contact dermatitis... basal or squamous cell carcinomas... auricula…
Contact dermatitis
o Nickel dermatitis from cheap jewelry... o Zyl frames, sensitiv…
43 terms
pharm chapter 10 eye and ear disorders
med admin of the eye occurs in 3 ways
glaucoma-
glaucoma can result in-
antiglaucoma med categories include-
1. topical on the cornea or mucosal membrane (drops or ointme…
a group of diseases that damages the optic nerve due to eleva…
vision loss and blindness
-beta blockers... -adrenergic agonists... -miotics... -carbonic anhydr…
med admin of the eye occurs in 3 ways
1. topical on the cornea or mucosal membrane (drops or ointme…
glaucoma-
a group of diseases that damages the optic nerve due to eleva…
COMD 3400 section 4 - Anomalies of the middle ear
Congenital Middle ear disorders
Acquired middle ear disorders
_____ is the most common childhood ill…
Otitis media
absence or malformation of ossicles, absense or malformation…
Otitis media with effusion ( OME)
OME
inflammation of the middle ear
Congenital Middle ear disorders
absence or malformation of ossicles, absense or malformation…
Acquired middle ear disorders
Otitis media with effusion ( OME)
24 terms
Ear Pathology
What are some common diseases of the e…
Auricular agenesis (anotia):
Auricular hypoplasia (microtia):
What is ear tip necrosis?
Developmental disorders,... Ear tip necrosis,... Auricular haematom…
No pinnae
Small pinnae
Common seen in pigs (idiopathic?)... Vascular injury of various…
What are some common diseases of the e…
Developmental disorders,... Ear tip necrosis,... Auricular haematom…
Auricular agenesis (anotia):
No pinnae
47 terms
ENT primary care
frontal sinus air fluid level is seen…
necrotizing otitis externa is a Pseudo…
often, ..... tissue is seen at the jun…
the most common cause of a nosebleed i…
meninges
skull base or temporal bone
granulation tissue
Kiesselbach's plexus
frontal sinus air fluid level is seen…
meninges
necrotizing otitis externa is a Pseudo…
skull base or temporal bone
22 terms
Anomalies of the Middle Ear: Part 1
Most common middle ear disorder?
What is Otitis Media (OM)?
What is OME?
What is serous OME?
Otitis Media
Inflammation of the middle ear. Very common in children.
Otitis Media with Effusion, which means with fluid.
When there is fluid, but no infection.
Most common middle ear disorder?
Otitis Media
What is Otitis Media (OM)?
Inflammation of the middle ear. Very common in children.
53 terms
CSD 372 pt. 2 MIDDLE EAR
ET blockage symptom
ET dysfunction is more frequently due…
Valsalva is a procedure recommended to…
Tonybee is a procedure recommened to f…
-feeling of blockage... -Otalgia due to tension on the tympanic…
swelling ... URTI... allergic rhiosinutis ... chronic adenoiditis
Eustachian tube open ... -holding nose, close motuh, and blow
Close the mouth and jaw, hold the nose, and swallow
ET blockage symptom
-feeling of blockage... -Otalgia due to tension on the tympanic…
ET dysfunction is more frequently due…
swelling ... URTI... allergic rhiosinutis ... chronic adenoiditis
33 terms
Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Diseases in Children
The "Common Cold" Sx, causes
What happens after respiratory epithel…
How is length of time with the dischar…
Treatment of common cold:
Typically manifesting w/ SNEEZING, CORYZA (inflammation of mu…
x infection of resp epithelium results in increasing the nasa…
x 2-3 days -> Viral... x 7-10 days ->Bacterial... x >14 days ->Sinu…
1. Nasal decongestants:... 2. Antihistamines (only if they have…
The "Common Cold" Sx, causes
Typically manifesting w/ SNEEZING, CORYZA (inflammation of mu…
What happens after respiratory epithel…
x infection of resp epithelium results in increasing the nasa…
24 terms
Cases: OM, Sinusitis and Pertussis
What structure is responsible for drai…
A normal part of otitis media in many…
Test used to assess the movement of th…
What is the most common reason for ant…
eustachian tube
tug on the pinna... -- if it is painful = otitis externa
insufflation (pneumatic otoscope)
otitis media
What structure is responsible for drai…
eustachian tube
A normal part of otitis media in many…
tug on the pinna... -- if it is painful = otitis externa
29 terms
MOD A Unit 2 Study Guide
3 tiny bones in middle ear?
Hyperopia
Guidelines and Characteristics of Ishi…
Guidelines and Characteristics of Snel…
Malleus, Incus, and Stapes
Farsightedness
Test for color blindness... Conducted in quiet room, free from d…
Well-lit room... Performed 20 feet away from chart... Eye occluder…
3 tiny bones in middle ear?
Malleus, Incus, and Stapes
Hyperopia
Farsightedness
56 terms
Diseases and Disorders of Eye and Ear
Common symptoms of ear disease
Conductive hearing loss
Sensorineural or central hearing loss
Hearing loss
Hearing loss... ear pain or pressure... tinnitus... vertigo... nausea vom…
caused by impairment of the EAR DRUM... alters the loudness of…
impairment of the cochlea or auditory nerve... affects loudness…
can occur when there is an impairment to any part of hearing…
Common symptoms of ear disease
Hearing loss... ear pain or pressure... tinnitus... vertigo... nausea vom…
Conductive hearing loss
caused by impairment of the EAR DRUM... alters the loudness of…
49 terms
Otitis Media
What is OM?
OM is the most common _________ of chi…
It is acute bacterial infection in ___…
How is it treated?
is inflammation of the middle ear or a middle ear infection
disease
80%
antibiotics
What is OM?
is inflammation of the middle ear or a middle ear infection
OM is the most common _________ of chi…
disease
167 terms
LAST FINAL EVER
Atresia
Stenosis
Definition of a lesion
Congenital
No ear Canal
narrowing of ear canal
Change in the structure or function
Born with the issue
Atresia
No ear Canal
Stenosis
narrowing of ear canal
15 terms
Respiratory and HEENT Infections in Children
Differences in Respiration in infants/…
Differences in Respiration in infants/…
Managing colds in infants and children…
Symptom relief includes (4):
1. Smaller diameter airways-large tongue.... 2. Shorter, straigh…
6. Thicker alveolar walls in newborns.... 7. Less muscle in smal…
1. Symptom relief... 2. Medications
1. Saline nose drops, saline gargle.... 2. High humidity (cool i…
Differences in Respiration in infants/…
1. Smaller diameter airways-large tongue.... 2. Shorter, straigh…
Differences in Respiration in infants/…
6. Thicker alveolar walls in newborns.... 7. Less muscle in smal…
45 terms
Audiology PP1
Common Outer Ear Disorders
Uncommon Outer Ear Disorders
T/F: Some external ear abnormalities d…
Otoplasty
Impacted Cerumen and Foreign Bodies
- Anotia (absence of the pinna) ... - Microtia (abnormal pinna)…
True
Surgical modification of external ear
Common Outer Ear Disorders
Impacted Cerumen and Foreign Bodies
Uncommon Outer Ear Disorders
- Anotia (absence of the pinna) ... - Microtia (abnormal pinna)…
63 terms
€ Infections; Bronchiolitis, Croup, Epiglottitis, Tracheitis, OM
Bronchiolitis
RSV is the most common cause of ______…
RSV is the most common cause of __.
Progression to respiratory failure is…
- An acute inflammatory illness of the small airways - Primar…
Bronchiolitis
Bronchiolitis
RSV bronchiolitis, risk factors include 1. age < 6 months 2.…
Bronchiolitis
- An acute inflammatory illness of the small airways - Primar…
RSV is the most common cause of ______…
Bronchiolitis
32 terms
URI
OM Definition
OM Epidemiology
OM Etiology
OM Pathophysiology
Bacterial infection of the middle ear
m/c 6mo-3yrs, common in children with short, wide and horizon…
m.c pathogens in adults and children: Strep Pneumo, Strep Pyo…
Viral URI -> ET obstruction -> accumulation of fluid -> secon…
OM Definition
Bacterial infection of the middle ear
OM Epidemiology
m/c 6mo-3yrs, common in children with short, wide and horizon…
18 terms
ATI Children Chapter 37 Acute Otitis Media
Acute otitis media AOM
Otitis media with effusion OME
repeated infections can cause? ... Major…
risk fx for otitis media
infection of the structure of the middle ear with rapid clini…
A collection of fluid in the middle ear, but no infection
impaired hearing and speech delays ... Many infections clear spo…
* kids tube are shorter and more horizontal... *MOST common in 1…
Acute otitis media AOM
infection of the structure of the middle ear with rapid clini…
Otitis media with effusion OME
A collection of fluid in the middle ear, but no infection
24 terms
Ears
Weber test
Rinne test
AOM (Acute Otitis Media)
Otitis Externa
performed with a tuning fork, measures the ability to hear so…
tuning fork placed on mastoid bone to assess pts ability to h…
unilateral ear pain; dull, inflamed, bulging TM; associated w…
inflammation of the canal caused by ... pseudomonas or fungal or…
Weber test
performed with a tuning fork, measures the ability to hear so…
Rinne test
tuning fork placed on mastoid bone to assess pts ability to h…
Ear, Hearing, Nose, and Oral Cavity (Wishner)
What are you palpating in an ear exam?
What are you inspecting during an ear…
Describe a normal tympanic membrane
Boney exostoses
Auricle, tragus and mastoid process
ear canal and tympanic membrane
"pearly gray", "non-injected", "non-erythematous", "intact"
extruding bone in the ear caused by repeated exposure to cold…
What are you palpating in an ear exam?
Auricle, tragus and mastoid process
What are you inspecting during an ear…
ear canal and tympanic membrane
Peds Final Exam - Review 3
2nd MC reason after a well baby visit…
When is the peak prevalence of OM
OM is relatively common in older child…
OM is more common in girls... T/F
Otitis media
6-18 months
False- uncommon
False- boys
2nd MC reason after a well baby visit…
Otitis media
When is the peak prevalence of OM
6-18 months
15 terms
Case Files Pediatrics Case 13 - Acute Otitis Media
Acute otitis media
Myringotomy and Placement of Pressure…
Otitis Media with Effusion
Pneumatic Otoscopy
A condition of otalgia (ear pain), fever, and other symptoms…
A surgical procedure involving TM incision and placement of p…
A condition in which fluid collects behind the TM but without…
The process of obtaining a tight ear canal seal with a specul…
Acute otitis media
A condition of otalgia (ear pain), fever, and other symptoms…
Myringotomy and Placement of Pressure…
A surgical procedure involving TM incision and placement of p…
30 terms
SHS 4540: Disorders of the Ear
Microtia (Outer Ear)
Atresia (Outer Ear)
Collapsing of Ear Canal (Outer Ear)
External Otitis ("swimmer's ear," Oute…
An abnormally small or malformed pinna... - congenital, varies i…
The absence of an opening to the external ear canal ... - congen…
Collapse due to loss of elasticity in the cartilage of the ea…
An inflammatory infection of the ear canal... - Cause is fungal…
Microtia (Outer Ear)
An abnormally small or malformed pinna... - congenital, varies i…
Atresia (Outer Ear)
The absence of an opening to the external ear canal ... - congen…
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