Study sets matching "term:oxidative phosphorylation transport chain = some human cells are restricted to aerobic respiration to recycle nadh and fadh2. if these cells are deprived of oxygen, then _____."

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Study sets matching "term:oxidative phosphorylation transport chain = some human cells are restricted to aerobic respiration to recycle nadh and fadh2. if these cells are deprived of oxygen, then _____."

29 terms
Mitochondria and Oxidative Phosphorylation
pathways that catabolize organic molec…
This process, making ATP from energy d…
derived from ancient aerobic bacterium
Possess circular chromosome of DNA.... Po…
Oxidative Metabolism
Oxidative Phosphorylation
Endosymbiotic origin
Mitochondria
pathways that catabolize organic molec…
Oxidative Metabolism
This process, making ATP from energy d…
Oxidative Phosphorylation
Electron Transport and Oxidative Phosphorylation
electron transport and oxidative phosp…
mitochondria-general
4 specific regions
outer membrane
the final step in conversion of the energy obtained through t…
-mitochondria are linked to cell health and function... -compart…
1. outer membrane... 2. intermembrane space... 3. inner membrane... 4.…
-provides some restriction but contains a porin that allows c…
electron transport and oxidative phosp…
the final step in conversion of the energy obtained through t…
mitochondria-general
-mitochondria are linked to cell health and function... -compart…
Respiration Grade 8
cellular respiration is divided into
3 metabolic processes of cellular resp…
gylcolysis occurs in the
krebs cycle takes place in
3 metabolic processes
glycolysis, krebs, oxidative phosphorolation
cytosol
the matrix of the mitochondria
cellular respiration is divided into
3 metabolic processes
3 metabolic processes of cellular resp…
glycolysis, krebs, oxidative phosphorolation
22 terms
Cell Respiration
Cytosol/cytoplasm, anaerobic (w/o oxyg…
Matrix of mitochondria, aerobic (with…
Across the inner mitochondrial membran…
Across the inner mitochondrial membran…
Where in the cell does glycolysis take place? Aerobic or Anae…
Where in the cell does TCA (trycarboxylic acid or Krebs cycle…
Where in the cell does electron transport chain take place? A…
Where in the cell does oxidative phosphorylation take place?…
Cytosol/cytoplasm, anaerobic (w/o oxyg…
Where in the cell does glycolysis take place? Aerobic or Anae…
Matrix of mitochondria, aerobic (with…
Where in the cell does TCA (trycarboxylic acid or Krebs cycle…
49 terms
AP Bio unit 3 ENERGY
Metabolism
Metabolic pathway
1st law of thermodynamics
2nd law of thermodynamics
Sum total of an organism's chemical reactions
A series of chemical reactions that either build complex mole…
Energy can be transferred and transformed, but it cannot be c…
During every energy transfer or transformation, some energy i…
Metabolism
Sum total of an organism's chemical reactions
Metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either build complex mole…
19 terms
AP Bio Cellular Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
ATP Synthase
Fermentation
Respiration that requires oxygen
A series of proteins in which the high-energy electrons from…
Large protein that uses energy from H+ ions to bind ADP and a…
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
Aerobic Respiration
Respiration that requires oxygen
Electron Transport Chain
A series of proteins in which the high-energy electrons from…
23 terms
respiration
importance of respiration
respiration
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
cells require energy for maintenance, growth, reproduction
nutrients are catabolized to co2 and water using o2. energy i…
using oxygen
no oxygen. inorganic substances (nitrate sulfate) is used in…
importance of respiration
cells require energy for maintenance, growth, reproduction
respiration
nutrients are catabolized to co2 and water using o2. energy i…
44 terms
Biol 1107 ch 9
living cell requirements
respiration
three key pathways of respiration
fermentation
transfusion of energy from outside sources to perform work in…
break down of food particles and turning it into energy on th…
glycolysis, citric acid cycle and oxidative phosphotylation
a catabolic process that partially degrades sugars and other…
living cell requirements
transfusion of energy from outside sources to perform work in…
respiration
break down of food particles and turning it into energy on th…
23 terms
Bio chapter 9
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Fermentation
Oxidation
respiration consumes organic molecules and O2 and yields ATP
respiration is similar to aerobic respiration but consumes co…
partial degradation of sugars that occurs without O2
a substance loses electrons, or is _________
Aerobic
respiration consumes organic molecules and O2 and yields ATP
Anaerobic
respiration is similar to aerobic respiration but consumes co…
50 terms
Cellular respiration bio 1710
Living cells require...
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Cellular respiration includes
Materials and energy from outside sources
consumes organic molecules and O2 and yields ATP
is similar to aerobic but uses compounds other than O2 as ele…
both aerobic and anaerobic reactions
Living cells require...
Materials and energy from outside sources
Aerobic Respiration
consumes organic molecules and O2 and yields ATP
Ch. 9 Bio
How do cells obtain energy?
Photosynthesis equation
Glucose breakdown
Redox Reactions
Photosynthesis... -plants, algae, and some bacteria... Glucose Brea…
6CO2 + 12H2O -> C6H12O6 + 6H2O + 6O2
C6H12O6 + 6O2 -> 6CO2 + 6H2O + ATP... -Aerobic respiration... -Anae…
oxidation and reduction
How do cells obtain energy?
Photosynthesis... -plants, algae, and some bacteria... Glucose Brea…
Photosynthesis equation
6CO2 + 12H2O -> C6H12O6 + 6H2O + 6O2
30 terms
Respiration
respiration
6 total ATP
cellular respiration
1. Krebs Cycle ... 2. Oxidative phosphory…
the breakdown of glucose and capture of energy
final product of glycolysis
the pathway organisms liberate stored energy to make ATP
steps in aerobic respiration
respiration
the breakdown of glucose and capture of energy
6 total ATP
final product of glycolysis
Bio Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration & Fermentation
What are the three types of work cells…
What are organisms called that get the…
Organisms that get their energy from o…
Energy flow in ecosystems
1) Transport... 2) Chemical... 3) Mechanical
Photosynthetic organsims/ photoautotrophs
Non-photosynthetic organisms/ chemoheterotrophs
enters: from sun... leaves: as low-temp heat... * dispersed through…
What are the three types of work cells…
1) Transport... 2) Chemical... 3) Mechanical
What are organisms called that get the…
Photosynthetic organsims/ photoautotrophs
10 terms
Cell Respiration Ch 7 Vocab
Aerobic Respiration
Alcohol Fermentation
Anaerobic Respiration
ATP
The process of producing cellular energy using oxygen
The process in which some sugars (as glucose) are converted i…
The process of producing cellular energy without using oxygen
High energy molecule found in every cell to store and supply…
Aerobic Respiration
The process of producing cellular energy using oxygen
Alcohol Fermentation
The process in which some sugars (as glucose) are converted i…
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
ATP Synthase
Fermentation
Respiration that requires oxygen
A series of proteins in which the high-energy electrons from…
Large protein that uses energy from H+ ions to bind ADP and a…
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
Aerobic Respiration
Respiration that requires oxygen
Electron Transport Chain
A series of proteins in which the high-energy electrons from…
22 terms
How Carbohydrates are Oxidized in the Cell II
Aerobic metabolism occurs in
Aerobic metabolism extracts much more
Aerobic metabolism begins with
The citric acid cycle
the mitochondria
energy than glycolysis
the oxidation of pyruvate to form acetyl-CoA
oxidizes Acetyl-CoA to generate more NADH, FADH2, and some AT…
Aerobic metabolism occurs in
the mitochondria
Aerobic metabolism extracts much more
energy than glycolysis
13 terms
Cell respiration is divided into 3 different steps of metabolic processes
3 steps
Glycolysis occurs
krebs cycle occurs
oxidative phosphorylation occurs
glycolysis, krebs cycle and oxidative phosphorylation
in the cytosol
in the matrix of the mitochondria
in the inner membrane of the mitochondria
3 steps
glycolysis, krebs cycle and oxidative phosphorylation
Glycolysis occurs
in the cytosol
278 terms
MICRO Unit 2
Kreb's Cycle
glycolysis
Kreb's Cycle... glycolysis
Kreb's Cycle... glycolysis
THIS catabolic pathway produces a lot of reducing power
THIS catabolic pathway splits glucose (6C) into 2 molecules o…
THESE catabolic pathways do not produce a lot of ATP
THESE catabolic pathways uses substrate level phosphorylation…
Kreb's Cycle
THIS catabolic pathway produces a lot of reducing power
glycolysis
THIS catabolic pathway splits glucose (6C) into 2 molecules o…
16 terms
How Cells Harvest Energy
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Cellular Respiration
Digestion
"Self Feeders" Who use photosynthesis. Such as plants, algae,…
"Fed by others" Consume the autotrophs. There are about 95% o…
The oxidation of organic compounds to exact energy from chemi…
When enzymes break down larger molecules into smaller ones
Autotrophs
"Self Feeders" Who use photosynthesis. Such as plants, algae,…
Heterotrophs
"Fed by others" Consume the autotrophs. There are about 95% o…
281 terms
MICRO Unit 2
Kreb's Cycle
glycolysis
Kreb's Cycle... glycolysis
Kreb's Cycle... glycolysis
THIS catabolic pathway produces a lot of reducing power
THIS catabolic pathway splits glucose (6C) into 2 molecules o…
THESE catabolic pathways do not produce a lot of ATP
THESE catabolic pathways uses substrate level phosphorylation…
Kreb's Cycle
THIS catabolic pathway produces a lot of reducing power
glycolysis
THIS catabolic pathway splits glucose (6C) into 2 molecules o…
Cellular Respiration
Sunlight is essential for the varied l…
Which of the following statements rega…
How do cells capture the energy releas…
correct sequence of steps as energy is…
the energy necessary to power the rearrangement of chemical b…
Photosynthesis occurs in chloroplasts, and cellular respirati…
They produce ATP.
glycolysis → acetyl CoA → citric acid cycle → electron transp…
Sunlight is essential for the varied l…
the energy necessary to power the rearrangement of chemical b…
Which of the following statements rega…
Photosynthesis occurs in chloroplasts, and cellular respirati…
Cellular Respiration
Sunlight is essential for the varied l…
Which of the following statements rega…
How do cells capture the energy releas…
correct sequence of steps as energy is…
the energy necessary to power the rearrangement of chemical b…
Photosynthesis occurs in chloroplasts, and cellular respirati…
They produce ATP.
glycolysis → acetyl CoA → citric acid cycle → electron transp…
Sunlight is essential for the varied l…
the energy necessary to power the rearrangement of chemical b…
Which of the following statements rega…
Photosynthesis occurs in chloroplasts, and cellular respirati…
Cellular Respiration
Sunlight is essential for the varied l…
Which of the following statements rega…
How do cells capture the energy releas…
correct sequence of steps as energy is…
the energy necessary to power the rearrangement of chemical b…
Photosynthesis occurs in chloroplasts, and cellular respirati…
They produce ATP.
glycolysis → acetyl CoA → citric acid cycle → electron transp…
Sunlight is essential for the varied l…
the energy necessary to power the rearrangement of chemical b…
Which of the following statements rega…
Photosynthesis occurs in chloroplasts, and cellular respirati…
Cellular Respiration
Sunlight is essential for the varied l…
Which of the following statements rega…
How do cells capture the energy releas…
correct sequence of steps as energy is…
the energy necessary to power the rearrangement of chemical b…
Photosynthesis occurs in chloroplasts, and cellular respirati…
They produce ATP.
glycolysis → acetyl CoA → citric acid cycle → electron transp…
Sunlight is essential for the varied l…
the energy necessary to power the rearrangement of chemical b…
Which of the following statements rega…
Photosynthesis occurs in chloroplasts, and cellular respirati…
Bio 100 Ch 6 & 7
How do cells capture the energy releas…
The processes of photosynthesis and ce…
Respiration ________, and cellular res…
Which of the following are products of…
They produce ATP.
Lost in the form of heat
Is gas exchange.... produces atp
energy to make ATP and carbon dioxide
How do cells capture the energy releas…
They produce ATP.
The processes of photosynthesis and ce…
Lost in the form of heat
Cellular Respiration
Sunlight is essential for the varied l…
Which of the following statements rega…
How do cells capture the energy releas…
correct sequence of steps as energy is…
the energy necessary to power the rearrangement of chemical b…
Photosynthesis occurs in chloroplasts, and cellular respirati…
They produce ATP.
glycolysis → acetyl CoA → citric acid cycle → electron transp…
Sunlight is essential for the varied l…
the energy necessary to power the rearrangement of chemical b…
Which of the following statements rega…
Photosynthesis occurs in chloroplasts, and cellular respirati…
19 terms
Ch 9: Cellular Respiration with pictures
Aerobic Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
ATP Synthase
Fermentation
Respiration that requires oxygen
A series of proteins in which the high-energy electrons from…
Large protein that uses energy from H+ ions to bind ADP and a…
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
Aerobic Respiration
Respiration that requires oxygen
Electron Transport Chain
A series of proteins in which the high-energy electrons from…
37 terms
Microbial Metabolism
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
ATP
sum of all chemical reactions in an organism
reactions that break down large molecules
building large molecules from simpler molecules
usable source of energy for the cell
metabolism
sum of all chemical reactions in an organism
catabolism
reactions that break down large molecules
19 terms
oxidative phosphorylation and chemiosmosis
why are the mitochondrial membrane fol…
what is the first electron carrier to…
what happens to the protons from the r…
define oxidative phosphorylation
it increases the surface area for ATP synthase enzymes and el…
NADH dehydrogenase
they go into solution into the matrix
the formation of ATP by adding a phosphate group to ADP, in t…
why are the mitochondrial membrane fol…
it increases the surface area for ATP synthase enzymes and el…
what is the first electron carrier to…
NADH dehydrogenase
23 terms
glycolysis, Krebs cycle
aerobic respiration
glycolysis
pyruvate decarboxylation
Krebs cycle/ citric acid cycle/ tricar…
cellular respiration in the presence of O2... final product is w…
decomposition of glucose to pyruvate ... occurs in cytosol... 1 glu…
in mitochondrial matrix... pyruvate to acetyl CoA, producing 1 N…
in mitochondrial matrix... acetyl CoA + OAA --> citrate (7 inte…
aerobic respiration
cellular respiration in the presence of O2... final product is w…
glycolysis
decomposition of glucose to pyruvate ... occurs in cytosol... 1 glu…
Semester Review
Early Atmosphere
Early Atmosphere
Early Atmosphere
Early Atmosphere
The evolution of Prokaryotic metabolism was both cause and ef…
Molecular Systematics is leading to phylogenetic classificati…
Prokaryotes are indispensable links in the recycling of chemi…
Many Prokaryotes are symbiotic
Early Atmosphere
The evolution of Prokaryotic metabolism was both cause and ef…
Early Atmosphere
Molecular Systematics is leading to phylogenetic classificati…
14 terms
Chapter 7
Hetertrophs
Autotrophs
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
ATP
must consume organic food ex: animals, humans, some prokaryotes
can make their own organic food ex:plants, some prokaryotes
the process of converting energy stored food molecules into e…
is the form energy that can be directly used by cells
Hetertrophs
must consume organic food ex: animals, humans, some prokaryotes
Autotrophs
can make their own organic food ex:plants, some prokaryotes
Cellular Respiration ch.6
Fermentation
Aerobic
transfer of electrons during chemical…
redox reactions
is a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without O2.
respiration consumes organic molecules and O2 and yields ATP
-releases energy stored in organic molecules... -This released…
Chemical reactions that transfer electrons between reactants…
Fermentation
is a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without O2.
Aerobic
respiration consumes organic molecules and O2 and yields ATP
56 terms
AP Bio Chap 9
Organic compounds possess _____ as a r…
Fermentation
The most prevalent and efficient catab…
Aerobic Respiration
potential energy... electrons
Catabolic process. Is the partial degradation of sugars or ot…
aerobic respirations
Oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic fuel
Organic compounds possess _____ as a r…
potential energy... electrons
Fermentation
Catabolic process. Is the partial degradation of sugars or ot…
Chapter 7: How Cells Harvest Chemical Energy
Types of Cellular Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration... Anaerobic Respiration... Fermentation
Final electron receptor is oxygen
Final electron receptor is an inorganic molecule (not oxygen)
Final electron receptor is an organic molecule
Types of Cellular Respiration
Aerobic Respiration... Anaerobic Respiration... Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Final electron receptor is oxygen
35 terms
IB Bio: CR & Photo
Cellular Respiration
In cellular respiration...
Oxidation and Reduction
Oxidation
Controlled release of energy from organic compounds in cells…
...glucose in the cytoplasm is broken down by the process of…
Cellular respiration results in the oxidation of some element…
Loss of electrons from a substance... -gaining oxygen or loosing…
Cellular Respiration
Controlled release of energy from organic compounds in cells…
In cellular respiration...
...glucose in the cytoplasm is broken down by the process of…
22 terms
Respiration Glossary
Respiration
ATP
Pyruvate
Lactate
the cellular process by which sugars and other substances are…
A nucleotide, present in every living cell, formed in photosy…
a 3-carbon organic acid, CH3.CO.COOH; product of glycolysis
Product of anaerobic cell respiration in humans
Respiration
the cellular process by which sugars and other substances are…
ATP
A nucleotide, present in every living cell, formed in photosy…
Microbiology: Lecture 6
Electron carriers
ATP
Substrate Phosphorylation
Oxidative Phosphorylation
NAD and FAD, once added an electron become NADH and FADH. The…
-Powerhouse molecule, high energy source ... -Energy comes from…
Phosphate is transferred from a phosphorylated compound direc…
A series of redox reactions that occurs during electron trans…
Electron carriers
NAD and FAD, once added an electron become NADH and FADH. The…
ATP
-Powerhouse molecule, high energy source ... -Energy comes from…
21 terms
Cellular Respiration
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
cell respiration
glycolysis
respiration that occurs in the presence of oxygen, more effic…
respiration occurring without oxygen, less efficient
provides the energy cells need to function by breaking down g…
process in which glucose is split into two 3-carbon molecules…
aerobic respiration
respiration that occurs in the presence of oxygen, more effic…
anaerobic respiration
respiration occurring without oxygen, less efficient
39 terms
1.14 and 1.15 Electron Transport and Oxidative Phosphorylation
NADH and FADH2 yield in oxidation of G…
Exchange rate to ATP ... NADH?... FADH2?
How many electrons is each CAC turn wo…
Mitochondria: Physiology and Number... w…
- 10... - 2... - 4
- 2.5 ATP... - 1.5 ATP
- 8 ... > ETC
- its aerobic metabolic function (more aerobic you are, more…
NADH and FADH2 yield in oxidation of G…
- 10... - 2... - 4
Exchange rate to ATP ... NADH?... FADH2?
- 2.5 ATP... - 1.5 ATP
28 terms
Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Organic Molecules (Glucose) supply
O2 usually final acceptor of
What are the four stages?
Oxidizing organic molecules to make ATP
high energy electrons
low energy electrons
Glycolysis, Acetyl-CoA Synthesis, Citric acid cycle, Oxidativ…
Cellular Respiration
Oxidizing organic molecules to make ATP
Organic Molecules (Glucose) supply
high energy electrons
52 terms
Biology Lecture 10: Aerobic metabolism
citric acid cycle completes the
in the presence of O2
before the citric acid cycle can begin
mitochondria are in nearly all
energy yielding oxidation of organic molecules
pyruvate enters the mitochondrion
pyruvate must be converted to acetyl CoA, which links cycle t…
eukaryotic cells
citric acid cycle completes the
energy yielding oxidation of organic molecules
in the presence of O2
pyruvate enters the mitochondrion
66 terms
Essentials of Bio chapter 6
cellular respiration (in eukaryotes)
photosynthesis and cellular respirations
in photosynthesis
in cellular respiration
Harvest energy from food, yields large amounts of ATP and use…
provide the energy for life
some of the energy in sunlight is captured by chloroplasts, a…
glucose is broken down to carbon dioxide and water and the ce…
cellular respiration (in eukaryotes)
Harvest energy from food, yields large amounts of ATP and use…
photosynthesis and cellular respirations
provide the energy for life
Chapter 6: Cellular Respiration
Sunlight is essential for the varied l…
Which of the following statements rega…
How do cells capture the energy releas…
What is the correct sequence of steps…
the energy necessary to power the rearrangement of chemical b…
A) Photosynthesis occurs in chloroplasts, and cellular respir…
They produce ATP.
glycolysis → acetyl CoA → citric acid cycle → electron transp…
Sunlight is essential for the varied l…
the energy necessary to power the rearrangement of chemical b…
Which of the following statements rega…
A) Photosynthesis occurs in chloroplasts, and cellular respir…
Human Biology 140 Kohn Chapter 6
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Respiration
Breathing
happens in plant cells chloroplast. Rearrange the atoms of ca…
O2 is consumed as glucose is broken down as CO2 and H2O. The…
an organism obtains O2 from it's surroundings and releases CO…
breath in-> lungs take up O2-> send to blood stream -> O2 to…
Photosynthesis
happens in plant cells chloroplast. Rearrange the atoms of ca…
Cellular Respiration
O2 is consumed as glucose is broken down as CO2 and H2O. The…
Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
Energy flows into the ecosystem as ___…
Living Cells
Cellular Respiration
NAD+
sunlight and heat
Require transfusions of energy from outside sources to perfor…
-Breaks fuel down and generates ATP... -Waste products: CO2, H2O…
Electrons from organic compounds; Are usually first transferr…
Energy flows into the ecosystem as ___…
sunlight and heat
Living Cells
Require transfusions of energy from outside sources to perfor…
77 terms
Bio103 Cell Respiration
respiration
autotrophs, heterotrophs
able to produce their OWN organic mole…
live on organic compounds produced by…
what is it called when cells harvest energy?
organisms can be classified based on how they obtain energy.…
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
respiration
what is it called when cells harvest energy?
autotrophs, heterotrophs
organisms can be classified based on how they obtain energy.…
69 terms
Biology
substrate level phosphorylation
oxidative phosphorylation
ETC (electron transport chain), chemio…
glucose and oxygen
phosphorylation that removes a phosphate from one molecule an…
the attachment of free, inorganic phosphate to a molecule; ac…
other names for oxidative phosphorylation
what raw materials are needed for cellular respiration?
substrate level phosphorylation
phosphorylation that removes a phosphate from one molecule an…
oxidative phosphorylation
the attachment of free, inorganic phosphate to a molecule; ac…
26 terms
AP Bio Cell Respiration
Equation for cell respiration
Cell respiration in terms of oxidation…
Oxidation
Reduction
C6H12O6+6O2->6H2O+6CO2+E
Glycolysis: 2NAD+ get reduced to 2NADH... Kreb's Cycle: 3NAD+ ar…
Loss of electrons (generally follows hydrogen)
Gain of electrons (generally follows hydrogen)
Equation for cell respiration
C6H12O6+6O2->6H2O+6CO2+E
Cell respiration in terms of oxidation…
Glycolysis: 2NAD+ get reduced to 2NADH... Kreb's Cycle: 3NAD+ ar…
Cellular Respiration Chapter 7 need to know
Aerobic Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
ATP Synthase
Fermentation
Respiration that requires oxygen
A series of proteins in which the high-energy electrons from…
Large protein that uses energy from H+ ions to bind ADP and a…
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
Aerobic Respiration
Respiration that requires oxygen
Electron Transport Chain
A series of proteins in which the high-energy electrons from…
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