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Study sets matching "term:pathogenic fungi = cause athletes foot, ringworm, and candida infections"

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Study sets matching "term:pathogenic fungi = cause athletes foot, ringworm, and candida infections"

10 terms
Fungi
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Trichophyton
Microsporum
Epidermophyton
Bakers/ Brewers yeast
Ringworm or Athletes foot... Dermatophyte
Ringworm... Dermatophyte
Ringworm except on hair... Dermatophyte
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Bakers/ Brewers yeast
Trichophyton
Ringworm or Athletes foot... Dermatophyte
114 terms
Exam #6
True Pathogen
Coccidioides immitis... histoplasmosis
Opportunistic pathogen
dermatophyes
Pathogenic fungi
Fungi examples of true pathogens
-initiate infection in immunodeficient hosts
some fungi are not inherently pathogenic but, introduced subc…
True Pathogen
Pathogenic fungi
Coccidioides immitis... histoplasmosis
Fungi examples of true pathogens
11 terms
Fungi: Yeasts & Molds
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Superficial Mycoses
Trycophyton
Microsporum
nonpathogenic form of yeast, bakers yeast and brewers yeast,…
fungus, referred to as dermatophytes
associated with ringworm infections of scalp, body, nails, an…
fungi that cause ringworm infections of the hair, scalp, and…
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
nonpathogenic form of yeast, bakers yeast and brewers yeast,…
Superficial Mycoses
fungus, referred to as dermatophytes
8 terms
Fungi
fungus
yeast
athlete's foot
mold
A heterotroph with rigid cell walls and no chlorophyll
A sac fungi that reproduces by budding
An imperfect fungi that infects feet
A shapeless, fuzzy fungus
fungus
A heterotroph with rigid cell walls and no chlorophyll
yeast
A sac fungi that reproduces by budding
8 terms
Chapter 12 fungi
Candida albicans
Pneumocystis carinii
Tinea corporis
Tinea pedis
Yeast infections and opportunistic infections in aids pts thr…
Pneumonia in aids pts. Leading cause of death among aids pts
Ringworm
Athletes foot
Candida albicans
Yeast infections and opportunistic infections in aids pts thr…
Pneumocystis carinii
Pneumonia in aids pts. Leading cause of death among aids pts
ch.22
Fungal infections
Mycoses
Yeasts
True pathogens
immune systems compromised, molds and yeasts, air, dust, fomi…
caused by fungal pathogens, opportunistic pathogen
unicellular fungi, budding yeasts divide unevenly, yeastlike…
systemic: deep within body, endemic regions spores germinate…
Fungal infections
immune systems compromised, molds and yeasts, air, dust, fomi…
Mycoses
caused by fungal pathogens, opportunistic pathogen
43 terms
Fungi and Parasites
Characteristics of Fungi
Characteristics of Fungi
heterotroph
Saprophytes or Saprobes
-Eukaryotic-true cell and oter organelles present... -cell wall…
-often from hidden view... -require water and oxygen... -grow anywh…
Organism that cannot synthesize carbohydrates from inorganic…
Feed on dead tissue or organic waste (decomposers)... -require p…
Characteristics of Fungi
-Eukaryotic-true cell and oter organelles present... -cell wall…
Characteristics of Fungi
-often from hidden view... -require water and oxygen... -grow anywh…
10 terms
Pathogenic Fungi
Histoplasma capsulatum
Blastomyces dermatitidis
Coccidioides immitis
Pneumocystis jiroveci
Found most commonly in bird/bat poop... Causes histoplasmosis -…
Found in MS River and southeast US/Canada in rich organic soi…
Exclusively desert soil - rodent holes etc... Germinate in lungs…
Opportunistic obligate parasite (Nemo!)... Normally found in HIV…
Histoplasma capsulatum
Found most commonly in bird/bat poop... Causes histoplasmosis -…
Blastomyces dermatitidis
Found in MS River and southeast US/Canada in rich organic soi…
12 terms
Causative agent Fungi
Opportunic infections
Aspergillosis
Blastomycosis
Histoplasmosis
Mucor... Rhizopus... Encephalitizoon intestinals ... Respiratory
Aspergillus fumigatus ... Respiratory
Blastomyces dermatidis ... Respiratory
Histoplasma capsulatum... Respiratory
Opportunic infections
Mucor... Rhizopus... Encephalitizoon intestinals ... Respiratory
Aspergillosis
Aspergillus fumigatus ... Respiratory
28 terms
Chapter 22: The Fungi of Medical Importance
mycoses
thermal dimorphism
yeast
features of fungi
fungal diseases caused by fungal pathogens and opportunistic…
pathogenic dimorphic fungi are yeastlike at 37 degrees and mo…
unicellular... budding yeasts divide unevenly
eukaryotic... sterols present in membrane... chitin in cell walls... h…
mycoses
fungal diseases caused by fungal pathogens and opportunistic…
thermal dimorphism
pathogenic dimorphic fungi are yeastlike at 37 degrees and mo…
68 terms
Eukaryotes
Eukaryote
1. Fungi
Saprotrophic... (Fungi)
Fungi (candida species)
Have organelles ... Are aerobic or facultatively anaerobic ... Chem…
Diseases such as ringworms, athletes foot... Difficult to treat…
Absorb food rather than ingest it
Human pathogen known for causing opportunist infections in im…
Eukaryote
Have organelles ... Are aerobic or facultatively anaerobic ... Chem…
1. Fungi
Diseases such as ringworms, athletes foot... Difficult to treat…
16 terms
Medical Mycology
Superficial Mycoses
Subcutaneous infections
Systemic infections
Opportunistic infections
Dermatophytes, produce ringworms
Traumatic implantation of certain fungi into subcutaneous tis…
Fungi disseminated throughout the body
Fungi that produce disease in individuals with weakened immun…
Superficial Mycoses
Dermatophytes, produce ringworms
Subcutaneous infections
Traumatic implantation of certain fungi into subcutaneous tis…
14 terms
fungi as degraders-
nutrient aquisition
but what do they eaT?!%=
primary colonisers
secondary colonisers
feeding by absorption... nutrients must be small and soluble... dig…
organic waste.... recycles NCS locked up in insoluble polymers
use simple compunds
use starch proteins etc
nutrient aquisition
feeding by absorption... nutrients must be small and soluble... dig…
but what do they eaT?!%=
organic waste.... recycles NCS locked up in insoluble polymers
34 terms
houston cc microbiology (BIO 2420) chapter 22
Fungi as Infectious Agents
True or primary fungal pathogen
Thermal dimorphism
Dermaphytes and Candida
• Fungi are the most common plant pathogens... • Molds and yeast…
can invade and grow in a healthy, noncompromised host
grow as molds at 30°C and as... yeasts at 37°C
naturally inhabit human body and are transmissible, they do r…
Fungi as Infectious Agents
• Fungi are the most common plant pathogens... • Molds and yeast…
True or primary fungal pathogen
can invade and grow in a healthy, noncompromised host
15 terms
clin med 3 fungal
fungal disease
superficial fungi
subcue pahtogens
opportunistic fungi
analogies to bacterial disease ... can cause superficial or deep
dermatophytes, cause indolent lesions of the skin and its app…
characteristically cause infection through the skin ... subcue…
found in the environment or in the resident flora that produc…
fungal disease
analogies to bacterial disease ... can cause superficial or deep
superficial fungi
dermatophytes, cause indolent lesions of the skin and its app…
25 terms
Test 4 chapter 22
Are fungi prokaryotes or eukaryotes
List the 4 things that contribute to t…
What is thermal dimorphism
Define mycosis
Eukaryotes
Toxins, enzymes, adherence factors, thermal dimorphism
Exit in two different forms depending on temperature
Human fungal infection
Are fungi prokaryotes or eukaryotes
Eukaryotes
List the 4 things that contribute to t…
Toxins, enzymes, adherence factors, thermal dimorphism
16 terms
Module 6 obj 16
Kingdom fungi
Multicellular ... Unicellular
Fungi
Yeast and mold
A diverse group of heterotrophic organisms. Most live on deca…
Most fungi, such as molds and mushrooms are________ only yeas…
Important for the decomposition and recycling of organic mate…
Fungi are divided into 2 groups
Kingdom fungi
A diverse group of heterotrophic organisms. Most live on deca…
Multicellular ... Unicellular
Most fungi, such as molds and mushrooms are________ only yeas…
52 terms
microbio 2 week 7 and 8
fungi
unicellular fungi
mutlicellular fungi
mycoses
2 types ... grows best in warm/moist surroundings ... can grow is p…
yeast
molds
fungal infection 2 tyypes
fungi
2 types ... grows best in warm/moist surroundings ... can grow is p…
unicellular fungi
yeast
39 terms
16 kingdom fungi
Kingdon fungi
roles of fungi
Adverse impact
Beneficial impact
-100,000 species divided into 2 groups:... Macroscopic fungi (mu…
Adverse impact... Beneficial impact
Mycoses, allergies, toxin production... Destruction of crops and…
Decomposers of dead plants and animals... Sources of antibiotics…
Kingdon fungi
-100,000 species divided into 2 groups:... Macroscopic fungi (mu…
roles of fungi
Adverse impact... Beneficial impact
11 terms
Protozoa and Fungi Matching
candida
dermatophytes
entamoeba
giardia
oral thrush, vaginitis
get nutrients from top of skin; athletes foot
ameobic dysentery; dairrhea
diarrhea; contaminated water supply
candida
oral thrush, vaginitis
dermatophytes
get nutrients from top of skin; athletes foot
16 terms
Microbiology - Fungi (Mycoses)
Toxoplasma gondii
Plasmodium Vivax
Plasmodium malariae
Plasmodium falciparum
etiological agent of Toxoplasmosis. Zoonotic infection. Cat i…
aka Tertian malariaCause an acute, febrile disease. Destructi…
aka quartan malaria. Acute, febrile disease. Destruction of r…
aka Malignant malaria. Transmitted by female anopheles mosquito
Toxoplasma gondii
etiological agent of Toxoplasmosis. Zoonotic infection. Cat i…
Plasmodium Vivax
aka Tertian malariaCause an acute, febrile disease. Destructi…
Health
Disease
Infectious diseases
Communicable diseases
Pathogens
Used to describe any condition that negativly affects your body
Diseases caused by the spread of germs
Infectious diseases
Germs: bacteria,viruses,fungi
Disease
Used to describe any condition that negativly affects your body
Infectious diseases
Diseases caused by the spread of germs
13 terms
Fungi
Histoplasma capsulatam
Candida albicans
Aspergillus niger
Rhizopus stolonifer
Opportunistic upper respiratory infection; AKA Darling's Dise…
Opportunistic infection; common cause of yeast infections; in…
Opportunistic respiratory infection; cause of black mold and…
Opportunistic respiratory infection; bread mold; causes Zygom…
Histoplasma capsulatam
Opportunistic upper respiratory infection; AKA Darling's Dise…
Candida albicans
Opportunistic infection; common cause of yeast infections; in…
60 terms
PG 3
Candida albicans
Candida albicans
Candida albicans
Candida albicans
Candidiasis: thrush, vulvovaginitis, secondary infection of l…
+ Dimorphic yeast
chlymidospores
opportunistic; 20% women carry in vagina; higher in pregnancy…
Candida albicans
Candidiasis: thrush, vulvovaginitis, secondary infection of l…
Candida albicans
+ Dimorphic yeast
What Pathogens Cause What Diseases
flu
athletes foot
tuberculosis
measles
virus
fungi
bacteria
virus
flu
virus
athletes foot
fungi
10 terms
Fungi of Medical Importance
Fungal Infections
Thermal Dimorphism
Histoplasmosis
Lung Infection
-Mycosis: infection caused by yeasts or molds... -Most fungi lim…
-Switch from pseodohyphae to yeast cells at 37 C
-Primary pathogen, dimorphic yeast... -Rare cases (5%) result in…
-Dimorphic yeast, primary pathogen... -In soil/dust in southeast…
Fungal Infections
-Mycosis: infection caused by yeasts or molds... -Most fungi lim…
Thermal Dimorphism
-Switch from pseodohyphae to yeast cells at 37 C
35 terms
Infection
microorganisms
non pathogenic organisms
Pathogen
normal flora
Living organisms (germs)
microbes that do not cause disease or infection
a disease causing microbe
microbes that are necessary for the body to function correctl…
microorganisms
Living organisms (germs)
non pathogenic organisms
microbes that do not cause disease or infection
10 terms
Pathogen Infections
bacteria
Micrococci
Dilpococci
Staphylococci
A member of a large group of unicellular microorganisms lacki…
irregular cluster of spherical bacterium that is typically fo…
pair of clusters of bacterium that are found in... can cause gon…
Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of gr…
bacteria
A member of a large group of unicellular microorganisms lacki…
Micrococci
irregular cluster of spherical bacterium that is typically fo…
22 terms
Ringworm fungi
Disease Name
Domain
Prokaryotic/... Eukaryotic
Gram Stain & Morphology
Athletes foot; ringworm; jock itch
Fungi
Eukaryotic
Positive
Disease Name
Athletes foot; ringworm; jock itch
Domain
Fungi
34 terms
Chapter 22 - Fungi of Medical importance
mycoses
true/primary pathogens
dimorphic
opportunistic fungal pathogens
fungal diseases
have virulence factors that allow them to invade and grow in…
the ability of a fungus to alternate between hyphal and yeast…
normal flora/common inhabitants of the environment that may i…
mycoses
fungal diseases
true/primary pathogens
have virulence factors that allow them to invade and grow in…
83 terms
Mycology & Parasitic Diseases
Three ways in which fungal infections…
Can include dermatophyte infections as…
Often result from traumatic inoculatio…
Usually follow inhalation and spread t…
Cutaneous, subcutaneous, systemic
Cutaneous presentations
Subcutaneous infections
Systemic mycoses
Three ways in which fungal infections…
Cutaneous, subcutaneous, systemic
Can include dermatophyte infections as…
Cutaneous presentations
10 terms
Pathogenic fungi
Histoplasma capsulatum
Blastomyces dermatitidis
Coccidioides immitis
Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly P. car…
Most common fungal pathogen in humans... Moist soils containing…
fungi in soils rich with organic matter, causes pulmonary bla…
US, Mexico... Fungi in desert soil, rodent burrows, mines... Rising…
inhaled, most people exposed by age 5
Histoplasma capsulatum
Most common fungal pathogen in humans... Moist soils containing…
Blastomyces dermatitidis
fungi in soils rich with organic matter, causes pulmonary bla…
12 terms
Fungal Skin Infection- Superficial Mycoses HOP 175
Fungal Skin Infection is harder to tre…
Superficial Mycosis
Caused by one of 3 fungal dermatophyte…
athletes foot
fungi have EUKARYOTIC CELLS
Tineas ringworm
Epidermatophyton... Trichophyton... Micrsporum
Tinea pedis
Fungal Skin Infection is harder to tre…
fungi have EUKARYOTIC CELLS
Superficial Mycosis
Tineas ringworm
17 terms
Pathogenic Eukaryotes fungus
Pathogenic eukaryotes of humans
fungi
fungi reporoduction
epidemiology of fungal disease mycoses
- opportunistic and truly pathogenic fungi... - protozoa... -helmin…
- multicellular mushrooms and molds, unicellular yeast... - non-…
all asexually reproduce... -yesats bud or psuedohyphae... - mold pr…
spores found everywhere, usually inhale, most do not make us…
Pathogenic eukaryotes of humans
- opportunistic and truly pathogenic fungi... - protozoa... -helmin…
fungi
- multicellular mushrooms and molds, unicellular yeast... - non-…
40 terms
fungal pathogens
fungi characteristics
cellular structure
vegetative structure
sexual reproduction
domain: eukaryotic, kingdom: fungi, chemoheterotrophs
yeasts are single celled and mold are multi cellular. some ar…
hyphae, mycelium, filamets,
dueromichota: not sue how they reproduce
fungi characteristics
domain: eukaryotic, kingdom: fungi, chemoheterotrophs
cellular structure
yeasts are single celled and mold are multi cellular. some ar…
9 terms
Bio sec 3 ch 26
Fungi can cause disease in humans when…
Caused by Contact with skin lesions, c…
Caused by contact with skin lesions or…
Caused by Poorly controlled diabetes,…
inhale airborne spores, eat food contaminated with toxic fung…
Ringworm
Athletes foot
Yeast infection
Fungi can cause disease in humans when…
inhale airborne spores, eat food contaminated with toxic fung…
Caused by Contact with skin lesions, c…
Ringworm
26 terms
CHAPTER 40 human diseases via fungi and protists
human diseases caused by fungi and pro…
mycoses
airborne-systemic mycoses
blastomycosis
infection diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, protoz…
fungal disease
acquired via inhalation of spores, usually infects lungs
fungi found in moist soils with decomposing organic debris. f…
human diseases caused by fungi and pro…
infection diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, protoz…
mycoses
fungal disease
38 terms
Pathogenic Fungi - Part 2
Blastomyces dermatitidis
Blastomyces dermatitidis from in the h…
Blastomyces dermatitidis from in the e…
Blastomyces dermatitidis Epidermilogy
*Causes blastomycosis... *Systemic fungal pathogen... *Dimorphic fu…
Yeast
Mycelial
*Lives in soil and in association with decaying organic matte…
Blastomyces dermatitidis
*Causes blastomycosis... *Systemic fungal pathogen... *Dimorphic fu…
Blastomyces dermatitidis from in the h…
Yeast
18 terms
Micro 22 Lab P3 P1
What is the disease name for Candida a…
What is Candida albicans oxygen requir…
What is Candida albicans geographic oc…
What parts of the body does Candida al…
Candidiasis: thrush, vulvovaginitis, secondary infection of l…
Varies... 20% women carry in vagina (higher in preg / oral cont…
Worldwide... Immunocompromised, using antibiotics, newborns... Hu…
Mouth, vagina (pharynx, esophagus, intestines, urinary bladde…
What is the disease name for Candida a…
Candidiasis: thrush, vulvovaginitis, secondary infection of l…
What is Candida albicans oxygen requir…
Varies... 20% women carry in vagina (higher in preg / oral cont…
MCB 100 FINAL EXAM FUNGI cards
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Candida albicans
Penicillium italicum
Penicillium chrysogenum
This is an example of a harmless and useful yeast.) ... A yeast…
This is an example of a yeast that is an opportunistic infect…
This is an example of a mold that causes food to rot.) ... A mo…
This is a mold that causes food to rot but it makes penicilli…
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
This is an example of a harmless and useful yeast.) ... A yeast…
Candida albicans
This is an example of a yeast that is an opportunistic infect…
39 terms
ch 22/23
human mycoses cause
most common plant pathogens
thermal dimorphic
mycoses
fungal and opportunistic pathogens
fungi
25 (natural) free living mycelia; repro by sporulation - mold…
disease
human mycoses cause
fungal and opportunistic pathogens
most common plant pathogens
fungi
14 terms
Pharm test #2 anti fungal
Candidiasis
Dermatophytic
Fungus
Fungicidal
Infection cause by yeast candida AKA moniliasis
Infection of the skin, hair, and nails caused by a fungus
A group of microorganisms with a membrane-bound nucleus that…
Substance, chemical solution or drug that kills fungi
Candidiasis
Infection cause by yeast candida AKA moniliasis
Dermatophytic
Infection of the skin, hair, and nails caused by a fungus
22 terms
Fungi
Zygomycota
Rhizopus
Mucor
Candida albicans
Rhizopus... Mucor
Opportunistic mycosis
Opportunistic mycosis
Systemic, cutaneous, subcutaneous, Yeast infection
Zygomycota
Rhizopus... Mucor
Rhizopus
Opportunistic mycosis
43 terms
Microbiology Test 2
Superficial
Cutaneous
Subcutaneous
Systemic
involve outer epidermis; cosmetic only
infections restricted to the non-living areas of the skin
fungi that invade traumatized skin
infections occurring from inhalation & becoming circulating
Superficial
involve outer epidermis; cosmetic only
Cutaneous
infections restricted to the non-living areas of the skin
11 terms
Fungi: Yeasts & Molds
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
superficial mycoses
Trichophyton
Microsporum
-Baker's Yeast... -Brewer's Yeast... -reproduces asexually by buddi…
-includes Tricophyton, Microsporum, Epidermophyton... -pathogeni…
-includes T. mentagrophytes, T. rubrum, T. tonsurans... -associa…
-includes M. adouini, M. canis, M. gypseum... -these fungi cause…
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
-Baker's Yeast... -Brewer's Yeast... -reproduces asexually by buddi…
superficial mycoses
-includes Tricophyton, Microsporum, Epidermophyton... -pathogeni…
24 terms
Pathogen Group 3: Ringworm Fungi
Scientific Name
Disease Name
Domain
Prokaryotic or Eukaryotic
Ringworm fungi
Athletes foot; ringworm; jock itch
Fungi
Eukaryotic
Scientific Name
Ringworm fungi
Disease Name
Athletes foot; ringworm; jock itch
24 terms
Pathogen Group 3: Ringworm Fungi
Scientific Name
Disease Name
Domain
Prokaryotic or Eukaryotic
Ringworm fungi
Athletes foot; ringworm; jock itch
Fungi
Eukaryotic
Scientific Name
Ringworm fungi
Disease Name
Athletes foot; ringworm; jock itch
40 terms
Fungi of Medical Importance
mycoses
thermal dimorphism
nosocomial
dermaphytes and candida
fungal infection
grow as molds at 30 C and as yeasts at 37 C
(of a disease) originating in a hospital
fungi which naturally inhabit human body and are transmissible
mycoses
fungal infection
thermal dimorphism
grow as molds at 30 C and as yeasts at 37 C
33 terms
Medical Mycology
Fungi Overview
Fungi Groups
Dimorphic
Mold
nucleus and membrane bound organelles, obligate or facultativ…
Macroscopic- mushroom, puffball, gill fungi... Microscopic- mold…
Yeast: unicellular, round, asexual repro via budding of coidi…
most fungi are multicellular mold, get nutrients from environ…
Fungi Overview
nucleus and membrane bound organelles, obligate or facultativ…
Fungi Groups
Macroscopic- mushroom, puffball, gill fungi... Microscopic- mold…
22 terms
medical mycology
mycosis
two types fungi
dimorphic fungi
superficial mycoses are caused by
disease cause by a fungi
mold and yeast
can grow as either mold or yeast
dermatophytes
mycosis
disease cause by a fungi
two types fungi
mold and yeast
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