How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "term:pathology = study of the nature and cause of disease"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "term:pathology = study of the nature and cause of disease"

15 terms
Nature and Cause of Disease
Pathogenesis
Exposed by exotoxin from gram positive…
Induce autoimmunity by endotoxin from…
Prion
Creation of disease: explanation of how and why a disease dev…
Direct damage
Indirect damage
An infectious agent that lacks genome; however the functional…
Pathogenesis
Creation of disease: explanation of how and why a disease dev…
Exposed by exotoxin from gram positive…
Direct damage
25 terms
Pathology - Cause of Disease
pathology
etiology
pathogenesis
general pathology vs. system pathology
study of the structural and functional changes in cells, tiss…
- origin of a disease, including the underlying causes and mo…
- the steps in the development of disease ... - describes how et…
- general: focuses on the cellular and tissue alterations cau…
pathology
study of the structural and functional changes in cells, tiss…
etiology
- origin of a disease, including the underlying causes and mo…
45 terms
Pathology Nature of disease
organic disease
functional disease
infectious disease
deficiency disease
accompanied by specific anatomical changes, and marked by qua…
no readily apparent anatomical structure, may be biological o…
disease caused by a living pathogen, can be transmitted from…
disease caused by the lack of some essential element, must co…
organic disease
accompanied by specific anatomical changes, and marked by qua…
functional disease
no readily apparent anatomical structure, may be biological o…
46 terms
Pathology: The study of disease by scientific means, elucidating its causes and effects
Histology/Cytology
Biopsy
Autopsy
Describe a biopsy
Detection of structural abnormalities in tissues and cells. N…
Sampling of body tissue during life to aid in the diagnostic…
Examination of the body and organs after death
A section that includes both the abnormal tissue and the norm…
Histology/Cytology
Detection of structural abnormalities in tissues and cells. N…
Biopsy
Sampling of body tissue during life to aid in the diagnostic…
PATHOLOGY CHAPT. #2 CAUSES OF DISEASE
CAUSES OF DISEASE
HEREDITY
TRAUMA
*TRAUMA CLASSIFICATIONS IN ORDER OF PR…
HEREDITY ... TRAUMA... INFLAMMATION/INFECTION... *HYPERPLASIAS/N…
-HEREDITY DISEASES- Error in individuals genetic or chromos…
TRAUMA-Physical injury or external force... ****TYPE OF TRAUM…
-Motor vehicle accidents... -Poison... -Firearms... -Falls... *-S…
CAUSES OF DISEASE
HEREDITY ... TRAUMA... INFLAMMATION/INFECTION... *HYPERPLASIAS/N…
HEREDITY
-HEREDITY DISEASES- Error in individuals genetic or chromos…
50 terms
Pathology: The Nature of Disease chapter 4
Prions
Viruses
Bacteria
Protozoa
are mere molecules, a corrupted form of normal brain protein,…
packets of nucleic acid encased in a protein coat. May be acu…
larger than viruses and can be seen by conventional light mic…
are motile, singe-cell, nucleated organisms that are capable…
Prions
are mere molecules, a corrupted form of normal brain protein,…
Viruses
packets of nucleic acid encased in a protein coat. May be acu…
28 terms
Developmental Pathology: causes of common diseases
mechanisms body has for expelling subs…
fever
medication
regulating body temperature
- coughing... - diarrhea
- enhances mechanisms of immune system... - kills of bacteria an…
- prevents natural mechanisms the body uses to fight infectio…
- this ability came later is evolutionary development and thi…
mechanisms body has for expelling subs…
- coughing... - diarrhea
fever
- enhances mechanisms of immune system... - kills of bacteria an…
63 terms
Pathology: The Nature of Disease chapter 2
Inflammation
Stem cells
mitosis
DNA
body's composite cellular reaction to injury.
a class of undifferentiated cells that are able to differenti…
division of 1 cell into 2 indentical daughter cells
building block for proteins; genetic code
Inflammation
body's composite cellular reaction to injury.
Stem cells
a class of undifferentiated cells that are able to differenti…
50 terms
Pathology: The Nature of Disease chapter 1
Pathology
Etiology
Pathogenesis
Pathophysiology
study of changes in sructure and function athat occur as a re…
cause of disease
history and development of disease
manner in which disease is expressed in the body
Pathology
study of changes in sructure and function athat occur as a re…
Etiology
cause of disease
25 terms
Pathology: The Nature of Disease chapter 3
Immunity
Autoimmunity
Defense Mechanisms body systems
Non-immune defense Mechanisms
cellular and molecular mechanism to protect against foreign i…
immune system attacks self/own tissue as well as foregin inva…
Immune, Lymphatic, Physical and chemical barriers
Filtering mechanisms like the spleen lymph nodes, GI tract, G…
Immunity
cellular and molecular mechanism to protect against foreign i…
Autoimmunity
immune system attacks self/own tissue as well as foregin inva…
39 terms
The Nature of Disease: Pathology Chapter 6
Is hydrostatic pressure higher in the…
Water flows across a semipermeable mem…
What are the two factors that determin…
Define osmotic pressure.
Legs; Incompetent valves; Arterial vasculature
B
Blood pressure and vascular resistance
Osmotic pressure is a measure of the tendency of water to mov…
Is hydrostatic pressure higher in the…
Legs; Incompetent valves; Arterial vasculature
Water flows across a semipermeable mem…
B
35 terms
Pathology Ch-2 Nature of Disease
Organic diseases
Functional diseases
Infection
Deficiency
Are accompanied by specific anatomical changes... i.e. red spots…
Have no recognizable change in anatomy... i.e. schizophrenia
Is the state or condition in which the body or a part of it i…
A lack of dietary or metabolic substance that can lead to dis…
Organic diseases
Are accompanied by specific anatomical changes... i.e. red spots…
Functional diseases
Have no recognizable change in anatomy... i.e. schizophrenia
46 terms
Pathology Ch.2 Nature of Disease
Acquired Disease
Acute Disease
Allergies
Chronic Disease
Disease that presents itself after birth.
A disease with a rapid onset and short duration.
Having a hypersensitivity to a substance that is generally no…
A disease with a slow/gradual onset and long duration.
Acquired Disease
Disease that presents itself after birth.
Acute Disease
A disease with a rapid onset and short duration.
36 terms
The Nature of Disease: Pathology Chapter 5
True or false? All neoplasms are malig…
True or false? Melanoma is a malignant…
A malignant tumor composed of skeletal…
True or false? Epidemiology is the stu…
False: Some neoplasms may be benign.
True
Rhabdomyosarcoma
True
True or false? All neoplasms are malig…
False: Some neoplasms may be benign.
True or false? Melanoma is a malignant…
True
24 terms
The Nature of Disease: Pathology Chapter 14
True or false? The hypothalamus stimul…
True or false? Colloid found in the fo…
True or false? Nonparathyroid malignan…
Which hormone is responsible for stimu…
False: There is one exception. The influence of the hypothala…
False: The binding protein contained within colloid is thyrog…
True
Follicle-stimulating hormone, which is made in gonadotrophs i…
True or false? The hypothalamus stimul…
False: There is one exception. The influence of the hypothala…
True or false? Colloid found in the fo…
False: The binding protein contained within colloid is thyrog…
14 terms
The Nature of Disease: Pathology Chapter 13
True or false? The endocrine pancreas…
The common bile duct and main pancreat…
What cells make up the pancreatic isle…
True or false? Acute and chronic pancr…
False: The exocrine pancreas does this.
Ampulla of Vater.
Alpha-glucagon, beta-insulin, delta-somatostatin, and PP cell…
False: They are generally treated with supportive care and ab…
True or false? The endocrine pancreas…
False: The exocrine pancreas does this.
The common bile duct and main pancreat…
Ampulla of Vater.
40 terms
The Nature of Disease: Pathology Chapter 15
True or false? The lower urinary tract…
What are the three parts of the male u…
True or false? The presence of protein…
True or false? The majority of glomeru…
False: The majority of the lower urinary tract is internally…
the prostatic urethra, ... the membranous urethra,... the penile ur…
True
False: Ninety-nine percent of glomerular filtrate is reabsorb…
True or false? The lower urinary tract…
False: The majority of the lower urinary tract is internally…
What are the three parts of the male u…
the prostatic urethra, ... the membranous urethra,... the penile ur…
31 terms
The Nature of Disease: Pathology Chapter 10
True or false? The pulmonary membrane…
What is the smallest division of the l…
Define pulmonary diffusion capacity.
Which immunoglobulin paints the respir…
False: Once lost, the pulmonary membrane cannot regenerate; t…
The acinus (plural acini) is the smallest division of the lung.
Pulmonary diffusion capacity is the ability of the pulmonary…
IgA paints the respiratory epithelium. It is secreted by MALT.
True or false? The pulmonary membrane…
False: Once lost, the pulmonary membrane cannot regenerate; t…
What is the smallest division of the l…
The acinus (plural acini) is the smallest division of the lung.
50 terms
Pathology: The Nature of Disease chapter 1
Pathology
Etiology
Pathogenesis
Pathophysiology
study of changes in sructure and function athat occur as a re…
cause of disease
history and development of disease
manner in which disease is expressed in the body
Pathology
study of changes in sructure and function athat occur as a re…
Etiology
cause of disease
35 terms
Pathology Ch-2 Nature of Disease
Organic diseases
Functional diseases
Infection
Deficiency
Are accompanied by specific anatomical changes... i.e. red spots…
Have no recognizable change in anatomy... i.e. schizophrenia
Is the state or condition in which the body or a part of it i…
A lack of dietary or metabolic substance that can lead to dis…
Organic diseases
Are accompanied by specific anatomical changes... i.e. red spots…
Functional diseases
Have no recognizable change in anatomy... i.e. schizophrenia
53 terms
The Nature of Disease: Pathology Chapter 11
What is the outermost layer of the sma…
Which intestinal cells secrete hormones?
Name the three mesenteries.
Dietary carbohydrates are broken into…
Serosa
Epithelial cells
greater omentums ... lesser omentums ... mesentery proper
Monosaccharides
What is the outermost layer of the sma…
Serosa
Which intestinal cells secrete hormones?
Epithelial cells
34 terms
The Nature of Disease: Pathology Chapter 9
True or false? Cardiac myocytes contra…
True or false? The tricuspid and mitra…
Put the following in order from superi…
What causes stenosis? Regurgitation?
False: Myocytes contract during systole, and relax during dia…
True
SA node -> AV nodes ->bundle of his ->right and left bundle b…
Stenosis is failure of the valves to open, and may be caused…
True or false? Cardiac myocytes contra…
False: Myocytes contract during systole, and relax during dia…
True or false? The tricuspid and mitra…
True
30 terms
The Nature of Disease: Pathology Chapter 12
True or false? The liver produces all…
Name the two blood supplies of the liv…
What cells are responsible for portal…
True or false? Hepatic failure occurs…
False: It does not produce immunoglobulins.
Portal vein... hepatic artery
Kupffer cells
True
True or false? The liver produces all…
False: It does not produce immunoglobulins.
Name the two blood supplies of the liv…
Portal vein... hepatic artery
33 terms
The Nature of Disease: Pathology Chapter 8
True or false? Vasoconstriction genera…
True or false? Two-thirds of blood vol…
True or false? Populations with the lo…
True or false? Total cholesterol < 200…
False: The opposite is true: vasoconstriction decreases blood…
True
False: Countries with the lowest average cholesterol have the…
True
True or false? Vasoconstriction genera…
False: The opposite is true: vasoconstriction decreases blood…
True or false? Two-thirds of blood vol…
True
50 terms
Pathology: The Nature of Disease chapter 1
Pathology
Etiology
Pathogenesis
Pathophysiology
study of changes in sructure and function athat occur as a re…
cause of disease
history and development of disease
manner in which disease is expressed in the body
Pathology
study of changes in sructure and function athat occur as a re…
Etiology
cause of disease
63 terms
Pathology: The Nature of Disease chapter 2
Inflammation
Stem cells
mitosis
DNA
body's composite cellular reaction to injury.
a class of undifferentiated cells that are able to differenti…
division of 1 cell into 2 indentical daughter cells
building block for proteins; genetic code
Inflammation
body's composite cellular reaction to injury.
Stem cells
a class of undifferentiated cells that are able to differenti…
61 terms
Pathology - chapter 1 -Nature of disease
Pathology:
Pathological anatomy (morbid anatomy):
Gross Pathology:
Microscopic pathology (histopathology):
the science that deals with the study of disease, which invol…
study of structural changes in the body caused by disease
study of changes in structure of the body that are readily se…
study of microscopic changes that cells, tissues and organs u…
Pathology:
the science that deals with the study of disease, which invol…
Pathological anatomy (morbid anatomy):
study of structural changes in the body caused by disease
36 terms
The Nature of Disease: Pathology Chapter 5
True or false? All neoplasms are malig…
True or false? Melanoma is a malignant…
A malignant tumor composed of skeletal…
True or false? Epidemiology is the stu…
False: Some neoplasms may be benign.
True
Rhabdomyosarcoma
True
True or false? All neoplasms are malig…
False: Some neoplasms may be benign.
True or false? Melanoma is a malignant…
True
63 terms
Pathology: The Nature of Disease chapter 2
Inflammation
Stem cells
mitosis
DNA
body's composite cellular reaction to injury.
a class of undifferentiated cells that are able to differenti…
division of 1 cell into 2 indentical daughter cells
building block for proteins; genetic code
Inflammation
body's composite cellular reaction to injury.
Stem cells
a class of undifferentiated cells that are able to differenti…
44 terms
Pathology CH.2 "Nature of Disease"
Functional Disease
Infectious Disease
Organic Disease
Deficiency Disease
No readily apparent anatomical structure
Disease caused by a living pathogen.(can be transmitted from…
Diseases accompanied by specific anatomical changes
Disease caused by the lack of some essential element
Functional Disease
No readily apparent anatomical structure
Infectious Disease
Disease caused by a living pathogen.(can be transmitted from…
10 terms
Study of causes of disease
Cause of a disease
Risk factor
Associations
What needs to be measured to describe…
environmental or individual characteristic which affects the…
A variable whose presence or absence influences the incidence…
to see whether a variable is a risk factor for a disease
Population at risk, prevalence, incidence rate/risk
Cause of a disease
environmental or individual characteristic which affects the…
Risk factor
A variable whose presence or absence influences the incidence…
50 terms
Pathology: The Nature of Disease chapter 1 UC
Pathology
Etiology
Pathogenesis
Pathophysiology
study of changes in sructure and function athat occur as a re…
cause of disease
history and development of disease
manner in which disease is expressed in the body
Pathology
study of changes in sructure and function athat occur as a re…
Etiology
cause of disease
15 terms
diseases/pathology study guide
impetigo
amytropic lateral sclerosis
muscular dystrophy
scoliosis
childhood bacterial disease
Lou gherigs disease
the condition where connective tissue replaces muscle tissue
lateral curvature of the spine
impetigo
childhood bacterial disease
amytropic lateral sclerosis
Lou gherigs disease
24 terms
Veterinary Pathology: Causes of Infectious Disease/ Diseases of the Integumentary System
Parasitic
Fungal
bacterial
viral
Ectoparasites, Insect hypersensitivity, fly bite dermatitis
superficial dermatomycoses
pyodermas, rain scald, rabbit syphillis
myxomatosis, shope fibroma virus
Parasitic
Ectoparasites, Insect hypersensitivity, fly bite dermatitis
Fungal
superficial dermatomycoses
11 terms
PATHOLOGY (study of disease) unit 2
Etiology
communicable
contaminted
Bloodborne transmission
study of the cause of disease
disease is contagious
means the possible presence of an infectious agent
is passing infectious agent
Etiology
study of the cause of disease
communicable
disease is contagious
82 terms
Radiation pathology: study of disease processes
Disease
Pathogenesis
Manifestation
Symptom
Any abnormal change in the function or structure of the body…
Sequence of events producing cellular changes that lead to ob…
How the disease presents itself
The patients perception of the diseases that has subjective m…
Disease
Any abnormal change in the function or structure of the body…
Pathogenesis
Sequence of events producing cellular changes that lead to ob…
70 terms
T1 Chinese pathology: Part 2 (Causes of disease, pulse, tongue)
External causes of disease... (The six ex…
Internal causes (seven affects)
Neutral "neither internal nor External"
Wind (six Excesses)
Wind... Cold... Damp... Fire... Summerheat... Dryness
Anger... Joy ... Preoccupation... sorrow... fear... fright... anxiety
Diet... Sex... Taxation fatigue... external trauma... Parasites... Animal an…
Sudden onset... prefers upper and outer body... floating pulse... symp…
External causes of disease... (The six ex…
Wind... Cold... Damp... Fire... Summerheat... Dryness
Internal causes (seven affects)
Anger... Joy ... Preoccupation... sorrow... fear... fright... anxiety
11 terms
Theme 7: Bacterial Pathology (How do organisms cause systemic disease?)
Meningococcal disease
E.coli
P. aeruginosa
Staph Aureus
Has a capsule which protects against phagocytosis in the blood.
Has endotoxin in its cell wall which enhances severe sepsis w…
has endotoxin in the cell wall which can infect an intravascu…
produces potent exotoxins such as enterotoxin A-F, protein A…
Meningococcal disease
Has a capsule which protects against phagocytosis in the blood.
E.coli
Has endotoxin in its cell wall which enhances severe sepsis w…
3rd Grade Natural Causes study guide
What are the harmful effects of a flood?
What are the beneficial effects of a f…
What are the harmful effects of fires?
What are the beneficial effects of fir…
Floods destroy ecosystems on the land which cause animals to…
Floods carry and deposit nutrients that enrich the soil so th…
Fires destroy plants and trees, which are sources of food and…
Fires benefit plants by adding nutrients to the soil, removin…
What are the harmful effects of a flood?
Floods destroy ecosystems on the land which cause animals to…
What are the beneficial effects of a f…
Floods carry and deposit nutrients that enrich the soil so th…
63 terms
unit 1 Divisions of Pathology Terminology, Nature & Etiology of Disease
Pathology
what are the divisions of pathology
Anatomic pathology
Gross pathology
study of nature and cause of disease which involves changes i…
- Anatomic pathology ... - Surgical Pathology... - Clinical Patholo…
(morbid anatomy) deals with structural changes in disease
study of changes in body structures that result from disease…
Pathology
study of nature and cause of disease which involves changes i…
what are the divisions of pathology
- Anatomic pathology ... - Surgical Pathology... - Clinical Patholo…
26 terms
Pathology Exam 1 - Class 1 Part 1, Nature of Disease Objectives
pathology
pathological
disease
cause
the study of all aspects of disease/illness/dysfunction:... esse…
the aberrant (not normal) process underlying a disorder
an abnormality of structure and/or fxn within the body
the agent or injury that initiates a lesion
pathology
the study of all aspects of disease/illness/dysfunction:... esse…
pathological
the aberrant (not normal) process underlying a disorder
16 terms
Study Guid Chapter 18 Causes of Disease
Microbiology
Endospore
Prion
Fungi
The study of microorganisms that are too small to be seen wit…
Some bacteria produce resistant forms called endospores when…
Infectious particle of protenis that lack nucleic acids. "Ver…
These are simple plant-like organisms that are larger than ba…
Microbiology
The study of microorganisms that are too small to be seen wit…
Endospore
Some bacteria produce resistant forms called endospores when…
9 terms
Study guide on cause and prognosis on diseases
COPD
PE
Cancer
Flu
Caused by smoking, second hand smoke, air pollution, and gene…
Caused by a blood clot in the leg that breaks loose and trave…
Caused by gene mutations, such as smoking, radiation, viruses…
Caused by three different types. Type A, Type B, and Type C.…
COPD
Caused by smoking, second hand smoke, air pollution, and gene…
PE
Caused by a blood clot in the leg that breaks loose and trave…
68 terms
Path Unit 1: Divisions of Pathology Terminology, Nature & Etiology of Disease
Define pathology
Explain the importance of pathology
what are the divisions of pathology
Anatomic pathology
study of nature and cause of disease which involves changes i…
- discover the etiology and pathogenesis of disease... - underst…
- Anatomic pathology ... - Surgical Pathology... - Clinical Patholo…
(morbid anatomy) deals with structural changes in disease
Define pathology
study of nature and cause of disease which involves changes i…
Explain the importance of pathology
- discover the etiology and pathogenesis of disease... - underst…
228 terms
(NBE PATHOLOGY) 2-Nature of Disease;3-Cellular Reaction to Injury
Autopsy
Cause of death
Etiology
General Pathology
A postmortem examination of the organs and tissues of a body…
Any injury or disease that produces a physiological derangeme…
The study of the cause of disease
Deals with the study of the widespread processes of disease s…
Autopsy
A postmortem examination of the organs and tissues of a body…
Cause of death
Any injury or disease that produces a physiological derangeme…
27 terms
Pathology Study Set 1: Intro to Diseases
Pathology:
Iatrogenic:
Nosocomial Infections:
idiopathic:
study of diseases that cause abnormalities to the structure o…
disease caused by physician or treatment... exp: wrong blood tra…
disease contracted by acute care facility
disease of unknown cause or origin
Pathology:
study of diseases that cause abnormalities to the structure o…
Iatrogenic:
disease caused by physician or treatment... exp: wrong blood tra…
148 terms
Pathology Lab and Small Cases: Non-infectious Causes of Liver Disease (GI_065)
normal liver
portal triad
Bile duct
Liver blood supply
Liver cells shouldn't be more than 1 or 2 cells away from sin…
drains bile from liver to intestine with storage in gall blad…
► Hepatic artery (from heart) - low flow, high oxygen... ► Porta…
normal liver
portal triad
Liver cells shouldn't be more than 1 or 2 cells away from sin…
62 terms
MOM STUDY THIS***Chapter 5 - Search for the Causes of Periodontal Disease
What is epidemiology?
What does an epidemiologist assess?
What are the objectives of epidemiolog…
What the risk factors associated with…
The study of the health and disease within the total populati…
How much disease, investigates possible causes, and applies r…
1. to determine the amount and distribution of a disease in a…
Heredity, gender, physical environment, systemic factors, soc…
What is epidemiology?
The study of the health and disease within the total populati…
What does an epidemiologist assess?
How much disease, investigates possible causes, and applies r…
682 terms
Combo with (NBE PATHOLOGY) 2-Nature of Disease;3-Cellular Reaction to Injury and 18 others
Autopsy
Cause of death
Etiology
General Pathology
A postmortem examination of the organs and tissues of a body…
Any injury or disease that produces a physiological derangeme…
The study of the cause of disease
Deals with the study of the widespread processes of disease s…
Autopsy
A postmortem examination of the organs and tissues of a body…
Cause of death
Any injury or disease that produces a physiological derangeme…
30 terms
Self-Study #1: Pathology of Diseases of the Stomach- Dr. Jones
What are the features of the normal st…
What is acute gastritis?
What is chronic gastritis?
What is the pathogenesis of acute gast…
5 anatomic regions: cardia, fundus, body/corpus, antrum and p…
Inflammation of the gastric mucosa with a predominant *neutro…
Inflammation of the gastric mucosa with a predominant lymphoc…
Etiological factors associated with acute gastritis:... -heavy N…
What are the features of the normal st…
5 anatomic regions: cardia, fundus, body/corpus, antrum and p…
What is acute gastritis?
Inflammation of the gastric mucosa with a predominant *neutro…
1 of 10