Study sets matching "term:pituitary gland = regulates growth and controls other endocrine glands"

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Study sets matching "term:pituitary gland = regulates growth and controls other endocrine glands"

82 terms
1. Which endocrine gland is consider "The Master Gland" pituitary gland 2. Most glandular activity is controlled by the _____. pituitary 3. Which gland secretes growth hormone (GH: somatotropin)? anterior pituitary 4. Which gland secretes hormones that
pituitary gland
piuitary gland
anterior pituitary
anterior pituitary
Which endocrine gland is consider "The Master Gland"
Most glandular activity is controlled by the _____.
Which gland secretes growth hormone (GH: somatotropin)?
Which gland secretes hormones that control and regulate other…
pituitary gland
Which endocrine gland is consider "The Master Gland"
piuitary gland
Most glandular activity is controlled by the _____.
Endocrine System- Intro, Pituitary, and Pineal glands
The endocrine system has actions that…
This anterior pituitary hormone is ess…
Hormones that stimulate other endocrin…
Hormones act as ___ messengers.
Slower, prolonged
ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone)
Tropic hormones
Chemical
The endocrine system has actions that…
Slower, prolonged
This anterior pituitary hormone is ess…
ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone)
34 terms
endocrine system-pituitary gland and hypothalamus
another name for pituitary gland
what are the two lobes of the pituitar…
adenohypopphysis
posterior lobe is made up of
hypophysis
posterior pituitary lobe is neural tissue and the anterior pi…
another name for anterior pituitary lobe
neural tissue connected to the hypothalamus; more of a hormon…
another name for pituitary gland
hypophysis
what are the two lobes of the pituitar…
posterior pituitary lobe is neural tissue and the anterior pi…
6 terms
Endocrine Glands
hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Thyroid Gland
Parathyroid Gland
control almost all secretion by the pituitary gland
control all other endocrine glands
control body metabolism
control the amount of calcium and phosphate in the blood and…
hypothalamus
control almost all secretion by the pituitary gland
Pituitary Gland
control all other endocrine glands
18 terms
Endocrine Hormones and Their Glands
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Thyroid Gland
Parathyroid Gland
Regulates anterior pituitary hormones.
Master gland, controls the other endocrine glands.
Gland responsible for secreting thyroxine and calcitonin.
Gland responsible for secreting parathyroid hormone. (B in pi…
Hypothalamus
Regulates anterior pituitary hormones.
Pituitary Gland
Master gland, controls the other endocrine glands.
23 terms
Hypothalamus and Pituitary Gland
pituitary gland
pituitary gland
pituitary gland
hypothalamus
was considered the "master" endocrine gland
secretes several hormones that control other endocrine glands
controls the pituitary gland
pituitary gland
was considered the "master" endocrine gland
pituitary gland
secretes several hormones that control other endocrine glands
Glands
endocrine glands
hormones
pineal gland
pituitary gland
glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
chemical released into the bloodstream directly by endocrine…
endocrine glands
glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
hormones
chemical released into the bloodstream directly by endocrine…
Endocrine Glands
anterior pituitary
posterior pituitary
thyroid gland
parathyroid gland
the master gland; produces and secretes hormones that control…
this gland does not produce hormones, but stores and releases…
secretes thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), calcitonin
produces parathyroid hormone (PTH)
anterior pituitary
the master gland; produces and secretes hormones that control…
posterior pituitary
this gland does not produce hormones, but stores and releases…
Endocrine Glands and Hormones & Pituitary Gland
Endocrine Gland
Hormones
Target organ
Hypophyseal portal system
Secrete hormones
A regulatory substance produced in an organism and transporte…
A specific organ on which a hormone, drug, or other substance…
Transports hormones from the hypothalamus to the anterior pit…
Endocrine Gland
Secrete hormones
Hormones
A regulatory substance produced in an organism and transporte…
15 terms
Endocrine System ( Glands & their Functions)
Hormones
Endocrine System
Thyroid Gland
Pineal Gland
HORMONES are chemical MESSENGERS that act on target cells (or…
Made up of glands that produce and secrete hormones (chemical…
gland stimulates metabolic rate and is essential to normal gr…
gland may control biorhythms in some animals and control the…
Hormones
HORMONES are chemical MESSENGERS that act on target cells (or…
Endocrine System
Made up of glands that produce and secrete hormones (chemical…
9 terms
Endocrine Glands
Pituitary Gland
Pineal Gland
Thyroid Gland
Parathyroid Glands
The endocrine system's most influential gland. Under the infl…
A brain structure located near the thalamus that secretes mel…
endocrine gland located below the voice box; it produces horm…
small pea-like organs that regulate calcium and phosphate bal…
Pituitary Gland
The endocrine system's most influential gland. Under the infl…
Pineal Gland
A brain structure located near the thalamus that secretes mel…
8 terms
Endocrine System - Pituitary Gland
Prolactin
Growth Hormone
Adrenocorticotropin
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
milk production
increase size of bones and muscles
stimulates adrenal cortex, release cortisol, stress hormone
metabolism, energy use. stimulates thyroid gland
Prolactin
milk production
Growth Hormone
increase size of bones and muscles
15 terms
Ch. 18 -- Endocrine System -- Pituitary Gland
Pituitary Gland Anatomy
Hypophyseal Portal System
Hypothalamic Control of Anterior Lobe
Hormones of Anterior Lobe
AKA -- Hypophysis ... Lies in Sella Turcica and attached to hyp…
- Portal Vessels link 2 capillary networks; entire system is…
2 classes of regulatory hormones:... 1) Releasing Hormone (RH) -…
1) Thyroid-stimulating Hormone ... 2) Adrenocorticotropin Hormon…
Pituitary Gland Anatomy
AKA -- Hypophysis ... Lies in Sella Turcica and attached to hyp…
Hypophyseal Portal System
- Portal Vessels link 2 capillary networks; entire system is…
14 terms
Endocrine Glands/Organs
Adrenal
Endocrine
Exocrine
Parathyroid
The adrenal glands are two glands that sit on top of your kid…
glands of the endocrine system that secrete their products, h…
glands that secrete their products into ducts. They are the c…
glands are small glands of the endocrine system which are loc…
Adrenal
The adrenal glands are two glands that sit on top of your kid…
Endocrine
glands of the endocrine system that secrete their products, h…
17 terms
Pituitary Gland
Pituitary Gland
Parts of Pituitary Gland
Anterior Lobe
Growth Hormone
aka Hypophysis ... - Attached to the hypothalamus of brain [cran…
Anterior and Posterior Lobes ... - Controlled differently by the…
1) Produces: Growth Hormone - Stimulates bone/muscle and bo…
Hormone produced by Anterior Pituitary Lobe ... - High Level In…
Pituitary Gland
aka Hypophysis ... - Attached to the hypothalamus of brain [cran…
Parts of Pituitary Gland
Anterior and Posterior Lobes ... - Controlled differently by the…
Endocrine Glands
Hypothalamus
Pineal gland
Pituitary Gland
Thymus
links the endocrine system and the nervous system and stimula…
secretes the hormone melatonin, which is hough to affect the…
regulates and controls the activities of all other endocrine…
regulates the developments of the immune system
Hypothalamus
links the endocrine system and the nervous system and stimula…
Pineal gland
secretes the hormone melatonin, which is hough to affect the…
43 terms
Chapter 11: Endocrine Glands-The Hypothalamus and Pituitary Gland
diencephalon
pituitary hormones
Pituitary gland or hypophysis
1. Anterior pituitary ... -Adenohypopysis…
The hypothalamus is part of the _________________.
The hypothalamus controls the release of...
Extends from the inferior surface of the hypothalamus and is…
Two lobes of the pituitary gland
diencephalon
The hypothalamus is part of the _________________.
pituitary hormones
The hypothalamus controls the release of...
10 terms
Endocrine System Glands
thyroid gland
parathyroid glands
testes
ovaries
produces hormones that regulate metabolism, beat heat, and bo…
produce a hormone that regulates the body's balance of calciu…
male reproductive glands that produce sperm for fertilization
female reproductive glands that produce the egg cells
thyroid gland
produces hormones that regulate metabolism, beat heat, and bo…
parathyroid glands
produce a hormone that regulates the body's balance of calciu…
Endocrine Glands
Thyroid Gland
Parathyroid Gland
Thymus
Adrenal Glands
Regulates metabolism, influences growth and development.
Regulates calcium
Development of immune system
Blood pressure and blood flow under conditions of stress
Thyroid Gland
Regulates metabolism, influences growth and development.
Parathyroid Gland
Regulates calcium
Endocrine system with2 main types of glands Exocrine glands or duct glands that are sweat and oil glands and Endocrine glands or ductless glands release hormones such as insulin,adrenaline, and estrogen.
Pineal gland
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid gland
Plays a major role in sexual development,sleep, and metabolism.
Is the most complex organ of endicrine system. It affects alm…
Controls how quickly the body burns energy ((metabolism ), ma…
Regulates blood calcium and phosphorus levels so that the ner…
Pineal gland
Plays a major role in sexual development,sleep, and metabolism.
Pituitary gland
Is the most complex organ of endicrine system. It affects alm…
Endocrine Functions and The Pituitary Gland
Hormones
Target organ
Ductless system
Metabolic functions
Substances that act on target organs to cause them to perform…
Organ that a hormone acts upon to make it function
Describes the endocrine system because all of its secretions…
Functions in the body that are mainly controlled by the endoc…
Hormones
Substances that act on target organs to cause them to perform…
Target organ
Organ that a hormone acts upon to make it function
32 terms
Endocrine system - Glands and Hormones
Hormone
Lipid Hormone
Protein Hormone
Pituitary Gland
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
fat soluble, attach to carrier protein to be transported thro…
Most of this hormone remains at the cell surface and acts thr…
Master Gland... Endocrine gland attached to the base of the brai…
Hormone
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
Lipid Hormone
fat soluble, attach to carrier protein to be transported thro…
Endocrine Glands
Thyroid Gland
Parathyroid Gland
Thymus
Adrenal Glands
regulates metabolism, influences growth and development.
regulate calcium
development of immune system
blood pressure and blood flow under conditions of stress
Thyroid Gland
regulates metabolism, influences growth and development.
Parathyroid Gland
regulate calcium
Glands
Pituitary Gland
Pineal gland
thyroid gland
pancreas
Human Growth hormone (Master Gland)
Secretes melatonin
regulates metabolism
controls levels of sugar in the blood
Pituitary Gland
Human Growth hormone (Master Gland)
Pineal gland
Secretes melatonin
9 terms
Glands
Endocrine glands
Thyroid Gland
Pancreas Gland
Pituitary Gland
Ductless or tubeless organs or groups of cells that secrete h…
Produces hormones that regulate metabolism, body heat and bon…
Gland that serves both the digestive system and the endocrine…
Regulates and controls the activities of all other endocrine…
Endocrine glands
Ductless or tubeless organs or groups of cells that secrete h…
Thyroid Gland
Produces hormones that regulate metabolism, body heat and bon…
5 terms
Endocrine Glands
Pituitary Gland
Thymus
Adrenal Glands
Pineal Gland
controls other endocrine glands and regulated growth rate, re…
releases hormones to help the immune system develop during ch…
These glands release several hormones such as adrenaline, whi…
Releases a substance involved in rhythmic activities, such as…
Pituitary Gland
controls other endocrine glands and regulated growth rate, re…
Thymus
releases hormones to help the immune system develop during ch…
10 terms
endocrine glands
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
pineal gland
thyroid
makes hormones that control the pituitary gland. it also make…
regulates growth and development and regulates many of the ot…
releases melatonin. located in the brain and may have to do w…
regulates metabolism. produces thyroxine.
hypothalamus
makes hormones that control the pituitary gland. it also make…
pituitary gland
regulates growth and development and regulates many of the ot…
Endocrine Glands
Pineal Gland
Pituitary Gland
Adrenal Gland
Thyroid Gland
controls sleep and awakeness
controls all other glands
produces vital hormones for the body
controls growth and development
Pineal Gland
controls sleep and awakeness
Pituitary Gland
controls all other glands
16 terms
Endocrine Glands
function of hypothalamus
hormone released by pineal
function of pineal
hormone released by pituitary
Regulates: Hunger, body temp, Sex behavior, thirst, G & D
Melatonin... (released in the dark)
biological clock/sleep Wake cycles
Posterior-Oxytocin, ADH... Anterior- GH, Prolactin, FSH, LH, TSH…
function of hypothalamus
Regulates: Hunger, body temp, Sex behavior, thirst, G & D
hormone released by pineal
Melatonin... (released in the dark)
7 terms
Glands
Endocrine glands
Thyroid gland
Pancreas
Pituitary gland
Ductless or tubless organs or groups of cells that secrete ho…
Produces hormones that regulate metabolism, body heat and bon…
Gland that serves both the digestive system and endocrine sys…
Regulates and controls the activities of all other endocrine…
Endocrine glands
Ductless or tubless organs or groups of cells that secrete ho…
Thyroid gland
Produces hormones that regulate metabolism, body heat and bon…
60 terms
Endocrine glands and homeostatic imbalances
Pituitary gland location
Thyroid gland location
Parathyroid gland location
Thymus location
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Connected to hypothalamus…
1. Two lobes connected by the isthmus... 2. On either side of la…
1. Four glands, each the size of a grain of rice... 2. Attached…
1. Located behind sternum, above and in front of heart... 2. Beg…
Pituitary gland location
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Connected to hypothalamus…
Thyroid gland location
1. Two lobes connected by the isthmus... 2. On either side of la…
12 terms
Endocrine Glands
Hypothalamus
Pituitary
Pineal Body
Thyroid
Regulates homeostasis... Controls pituitary function... Liaison b/w…
"Master Gland"... Stimulates other endocrine glands
Produces melatonin... Involved in biological rhythms and body "c…
Affects metabolism and growth
Hypothalamus
Regulates homeostasis... Controls pituitary function... Liaison b/w…
Pituitary
"Master Gland"... Stimulates other endocrine glands
70 terms
Histology of the Pituitary, Hypothalamus, and Pineal Gland (Dr. Cole)
Endocrine system consists of
Organization of endocrine cells wishin…
5 Major Classes of Hormones
Mechanisms by which protein hormones act
Endocrine system consists of
Organization of endocrine cells wishin…
Pituitary Gland - Hormones (Anterior Pituitary)
Pituitary Gland
Anterior Pituitary
Growth hormone GH
Thyroid Stimulating hormone TSH
This gland has two proportions, anterior and posterior. all t…
Secretes 6 hormones- GH Growth hormone, Thyroid stimulating h…
Promotes growth in long bones, stimulates division of body ce…
Controls the secretion of hormones from the thyroid gland, al…
Pituitary Gland
This gland has two proportions, anterior and posterior. all t…
Anterior Pituitary
Secretes 6 hormones- GH Growth hormone, Thyroid stimulating h…
SOD - 4 - Endocrine Functions and The Pituitary Gland
Hormones
Target organ
Ductless glands system
Metabolic functions
Substances that go into the blood and act upon a target organ…
Organ that a hormone acts upon to make it function
endocrine system because all of its secretions enter directly…
Functions in the body that are mainly controlled by the endoc…
Hormones
Substances that go into the blood and act upon a target organ…
Target organ
Organ that a hormone acts upon to make it function
10 terms
Endocrine Glands AHS
Thyroid
Parathyroid
Testes
Ovaries
produces hormones that regulate metabolism, body heat, and bo…
produces a hormone that regulates the body's balance of calci…
male reproductive glands
female reproductive glands
Thyroid
produces hormones that regulate metabolism, body heat, and bo…
Parathyroid
produces a hormone that regulates the body's balance of calci…
9 terms
The Endocrine System/ Glands
Thyroid
Parathyroid glands
Adrenal glands
The pancreas
produces hormones, such as thyroxine, that control energy- re…
regulate the blood calcium levels
release adrenaline, which triggers a response to emergencies…
produces the hormone insulin and glucagon, which control the…
Thyroid
produces hormones, such as thyroxine, that control energy- re…
Parathyroid glands
regulate the blood calcium levels
54 terms
anterior and posterior pituitary gland
the anterior pituitary
Five types of anterior pituitary cells:
1. Somatotrophs
2. Thyrotrophs
-aka adenohypophysis.... -secretes hormones that regulate a wide…
1. somatotrophs, ... 2. thyrotrophs, ... 3. gonadotrophs, ... 4. lacto…
- secrete human growth hormone (hGH), aka somatotropin.... -Huma…
-secrete thyroid‐stimulating hormone (TSH), aka thyrotropin.…
the anterior pituitary
-aka adenohypophysis.... -secretes hormones that regulate a wide…
Five types of anterior pituitary cells:
1. somatotrophs, ... 2. thyrotrophs, ... 3. gonadotrophs, ... 4. lacto…
Endocrine System Glands
pituitary
hypothalamus
thymus
pineal
Controls activities of other glands (Master Gland)
Links endocrine system to nervous system & stimulates pituita…
Regulates development of immune system
secretes melatonin
pituitary
Controls activities of other glands (Master Gland)
hypothalamus
Links endocrine system to nervous system & stimulates pituita…
8 terms
Glands/ endocrine system / hormones
Pineal gland
Hypothalamus
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Produces melatonin which helps regulate sleep-wake cycles
Controls the pituitary gland; links the nervous system and th…
Regulates activities of several other glands, produced growth…
Controls body metabolism rate
Pineal gland
Produces melatonin which helps regulate sleep-wake cycles
Hypothalamus
Controls the pituitary gland; links the nervous system and th…
13 terms
CH 17 Pituitary Glands, thyroid glands, adrenal glands and pancreas
pituitary gland also called hypophysis
infundibulum
adenohypophysis
neurohypophysis
master gland of endocrine system; rests in sella turcica of t…
stalk of tissue that connects pituitary gland to hypothalamus
is composed of glandular tissue; which secretes seven differe…
stores hormones produced by the hypothalamus which is ADH ant…
pituitary gland also called hypophysis
master gland of endocrine system; rests in sella turcica of t…
infundibulum
stalk of tissue that connects pituitary gland to hypothalamus
Endocrine System
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Thyroid Gland
Adrenal Gland
Controls pituitary gland
controls other glands/regulates growth
affects metabolism and growth
fight or flight
Hypothalamus
Controls pituitary gland
Pituitary Gland
controls other glands/regulates growth
166 terms
Hypothalamus and Pituitary gland
What is the functional and anatomical…
C
What are the principal hormones secret…
What is the reguation of vasopressin s…
...
...
1. Anterior... 2. Posterior: oxytocin and ADH
...
What is the functional and anatomical…
...
C
...
10 terms
endocrine glands
pituitary glands
parathyroid
adrenal
pancreas
main gland of the endocrine system that controls many other e…
regulates calcium levels in the blood
help body responds to danger
regulates glucose levels
pituitary glands
main gland of the endocrine system that controls many other e…
parathyroid
regulates calcium levels in the blood
9 terms
Endocrine glands
hypothalamus
pineal gland
pituitary gland
thyroid gand
secretes growth hormones
secretes melatonin
secretes hormones that control the secretions of other hormones
secretes thyroxine
hypothalamus
secretes growth hormones
pineal gland
secretes melatonin
20 terms
Endocrine Glands - Regulates and Hormones
Pineal Gland (R)
Pineal Gland (H)
Pituitary Gland (R)
Pituitary Gland (H)
circadian rhythms (the sleep/wake cycle)
melatonin
growth, blood pressure, re-absorption of water by the kidneys…
human growth hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, prolactin,…
Pineal Gland (R)
circadian rhythms (the sleep/wake cycle)
Pineal Gland (H)
melatonin
10 terms
Endocrine Glands
pancreas
thymus
adrenal glands
ovaries
serves both digestive and endocrine systems; secretes glucago…
regulates development of the immune system
produce hormones that regulate body's salt and water balance;…
female reproductive glands that produce egg cells
pancreas
serves both digestive and endocrine systems; secretes glucago…
thymus
regulates development of the immune system
Endocrine Glands
Pituitary Gland
Pineal Gland
Adrenal Gland
Thyroid Gland
Master gland. ... Regulates and controls the activities of all o…
Secretes melatonin regulating sleep cycle and mood.
A pair of endocrine glands that sit just above the kidneys an…
Produces hormones that regulate metabolism, body heat, and bo…
Pituitary Gland
Master gland. ... Regulates and controls the activities of all o…
Pineal Gland
Secretes melatonin regulating sleep cycle and mood.
The Endocrine System
Pituitary Gland
Parathyroid Gland
Pancreas
Ovary
Pituitary Gland
Parathyroid Gland
Glands of Endocrine System
Thyroid Gland
Parathyroid Glands
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
This gland controls the release of energy from food molecules…
These tiny glands regulate the amount of calcium in the blood.
Links the nervous and endocrine systems and controls the pitu…
Controls other endocrine glands and regulates growth, blood p…
Thyroid Gland
This gland controls the release of energy from food molecules…
Parathyroid Glands
These tiny glands regulate the amount of calcium in the blood.
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