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Study sets matching "term:plants = coal"

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Study sets matching "term:plants = coal"

12 terms
Coal Power Plant
Boiler / Combustion Chamber
Superheater
Superheated steam
Turbine
Uses coal, natural gas, or petroleum to heat the water.
A series of pipes that transport water through the boiler as…
Water changed to steam with temperatures as high as 1000 degr…
Provides the source of mechanical energy for the generator.
Boiler / Combustion Chamber
Uses coal, natural gas, or petroleum to heat the water.
Superheater
A series of pipes that transport water through the boiler as…
7 terms
Coal Power Plant: Compontents
Conveyer Belt
Pulveriser
Boiler (Furnace)
Turbine
Transports coal into the plant
Where the coal is crushed into a fine powder
The heat from the coal boils the water and turns it into steam
The pressure from the steam turns the blades which allow it t…
Conveyer Belt
Transports coal into the plant
Pulveriser
Where the coal is crushed into a fine powder
11 terms
Coal power plant flashcards
Sun
Plant
Coal
Boiler
Nucular -----> Radiant
Light----->Chemical
Chemical------>Chemical
Chemical------>Thermal
Sun
Nucular -----> Radiant
Plant
Light----->Chemical
9 terms
coal power plant
the sun produces what for the plants
what happens at the sun for the first…
photosynthesis in plants
what happens after the sugars made in…
photosynthesis
nuclear energy from the sun
creating sugars
The plant dies and turn in to cellulose
the sun produces what for the plants
photosynthesis
what happens at the sun for the first…
nuclear energy from the sun
12 terms
Coal Oil Plant
When was the Snowy Plover listed as "T…
When was the stretch of beach between…
Why are unleashed dogs an issue?
What are some of the main disturbances…
Under the Endangered Species Act in 1993, because of declinin…
December of 1999, at the time of the critical habitat designa…
Dogs can get excited when they see plovers, causing them to f…
-Disturbances were frequent and varied according to the type…
When was the Snowy Plover listed as "T…
Under the Endangered Species Act in 1993, because of declinin…
When was the stretch of beach between…
December of 1999, at the time of the critical habitat designa…
9 terms
Energy Transformation from the sun to a coal power plant
2 equations fir sun to coal power plant
Photosynthesis
Coal Combustion
Carbon Story 1
photosynthesis and coal combustion
6CO + 6H2O + Light -> C6H12O6 + 6O
C + O -> CO + H2O
Millions of years ago a carbon and 2 oxygens attached and cre…
2 equations fir sun to coal power plant
photosynthesis and coal combustion
Photosynthesis
6CO + 6H2O + Light -> C6H12O6 + 6O
19 terms
Coal
Coal
Coal Seam
Coalification
Rank
A black, shiny rock made from compressed plant remains
A band, or layer of coal usually 1-2 metres thick
The diagenetic process by which peat is turned into coal by t…
A term describing the percentage of carbon in coal
Coal
A black, shiny rock made from compressed plant remains
Coal Seam
A band, or layer of coal usually 1-2 metres thick
18 terms
Coal
Coal
Coal Seam
Coalification
Rank
A black, shiny rock made from compressed plant remains
A band, or layer of coal usually 1-2 metres thick
The diagenetic process by which peat is turned into coal by t…
A term describing the percentage of carbon in coal
Coal
A black, shiny rock made from compressed plant remains
Coal Seam
A band, or layer of coal usually 1-2 metres thick
8 terms
24. Coal
deep
fuel
goal
hard
far down, far in, or far back
something that burns to give heat, light or power
something you want, so you work for it
firm and not easy to cut and bend
deep
far down, far in, or far back
fuel
something that burns to give heat, light or power
15 terms
Coal
Plant/animal matter
Peat
Lignite
Subbituminous
Coal is formed from partially decomposed ________ which is tu…
Partially decayed plant material... -Low carbon content... -Can be…
Soft coal... -Crumbles... -Low carbon content ... -Not efficient for b…
Has a High sulfur content ... -Has yellow streaks in the coal th…
Plant/animal matter
Coal is formed from partially decomposed ________ which is tu…
Peat
Partially decayed plant material... -Low carbon content... -Can be…
16 terms
Coal Terms
acid rain
black lung disease
carbon cycle
gasification
Rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when indust…
lung disease caused by inhaling coal dust
Carbon Sinks: plant matter, terrestrial biosphere, oceans (sh…
the process of converting into gas
acid rain
Rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when indust…
black lung disease
lung disease caused by inhaling coal dust
9 terms
Coal
A mine
A barrage
Vegetation
Immaterial
A large hole or tunnel in the ground from which people take c…
A lot of criticisms, complaints, or questions directed at one…
Plants and trees
Not important or relevant
A mine
A large hole or tunnel in the ground from which people take c…
A barrage
A lot of criticisms, complaints, or questions directed at one…
23 terms
Coal
How is it formed
What kind of fuel is coal
How is it used
How it harmful
By dead plants and animals being compressed and forming it
A fossil fuel
By burning
Pollution
How is it formed
By dead plants and animals being compressed and forming it
What kind of fuel is coal
A fossil fuel
coal
coal formed when
coal formed where
1st stage of coal
2nd stage of coal
300-350 million years ago in carboniferous period
freshwater swamps from dead plant & animal matter
peat
lignite
coal formed when
300-350 million years ago in carboniferous period
coal formed where
freshwater swamps from dead plant & animal matter
11 terms
Coal
Peat
Lignite
Bituminous coal
Anthracite
First stage
Second stage
Third stage
Fourth stage
Peat
First stage
Lignite
Second stage
Coal
Main coal place
Main coal in USA
Characteristics
formed from
Damodar Valley - India
Appalachian Belt - USA
combustible rocks
compaction of plant remains
Main coal place
Damodar Valley - India
Main coal in USA
Appalachian Belt - USA
5 terms
Coal
Coal
Solid
How many years are left
How many years to produce
Most abundant fossil fuel in the world
Dead plants
250
Millions
Coal
Most abundant fossil fuel in the world
Solid
Dead plants
7 terms
chapter 7- part 2- coal
coal
using more coal causes more
coal is formed from
underground mining can cause
fossil fuel in solid form
air pollution
remains of land plants
black lung disease
coal
fossil fuel in solid form
using more coal causes more
air pollution
10 terms
Coal
Coal
Coal Production
Environmental effects of coal
Mountaintop Removal
Largest conventional source of... fossil fuel.
Open pit and strip mines are surface mining processes... in whic…
High sulfur content of some types of coal... pollute the atmosph…
Any tree cover is removed, followed by the... topsoil, and then…
Coal
Largest conventional source of... fossil fuel.
Coal Production
Open pit and strip mines are surface mining processes... in whic…
11 terms
Coal and Natural Gas notes
Sun to coal power plant... Photosynthesis…
How coal is used in a power plant
5 forms of energy in every step of the…
Sun to natural gas power plant
P: 6CO2+6H2O=(solar energy)>C6H12O6+6O2 ... C: Coal/Carbon+O2=>…
CO2 absorbed by plants through photosynthesis, plants died, a…
Nuclear Fission=>Radiant=>Chemical=>glucose to wood to coal=>…
Photosynthesis equation and C6H12O6+6O2... C6H12O6 changes wood,…
Sun to coal power plant... Photosynthesis…
P: 6CO2+6H2O=(solar energy)>C6H12O6+6O2 ... C: Coal/Carbon+O2=>…
How coal is used in a power plant
CO2 absorbed by plants through photosynthesis, plants died, a…
10 terms
TYPES OF COAL & DESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF COAL
Plant matter which is partially decaye…
Brown coal containing more than 60% of…
The most abundant form of coal contain…
The coal containing maximum carbon con…
Peat
Lignite
Bituminous
Anthracite
Plant matter which is partially decaye…
Peat
Brown coal containing more than 60% of…
Lignite
11 terms
Coal
organic sedimentary or metamorphic rock
decayed swamp plants
peat, lignite, bituminous, anthracite
anthracite
Coal is classified as an...
Coal forms from...
What are the 4 grades of coal?
Which grade of coal has the cleanest burning and produces the…
organic sedimentary or metamorphic rock
Coal is classified as an...
decayed swamp plants
Coal forms from...
20 terms
Coal
acid rain
black lung disease
carbon
carbon cycle
Rain containing high amounts of chemical pollutants.
lung disease caused by inhaling coal dust
All living things, whether plant or chemical contain:
Carbon Sinks: plant matter, terrestrial biosphere, oceans (sh…
acid rain
Rain containing high amounts of chemical pollutants.
black lung disease
lung disease caused by inhaling coal dust
11 terms
FPEL 604 ENG Clean Coal Technologies
pollutants
greenhouse gases
coal washing
particles
harmful substances in the air, water, or soil
gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, water v…
coal technology that involves crushing coal & washing out sol…
Very small pieces of solid or liquid matter.
pollutants
harmful substances in the air, water, or soil
greenhouse gases
gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, water v…
17 terms
Coal
Coal
Peat
Long-Wall Mining
Ground Subsidence
Forms when plants in swamps are buried in a low-oxygen enviro…
Dead plant materials only partially decomposes and accumulate…
Commonly used underground mining (room-and-pillar)
May result when underground pillars are mined or naturally co…
Coal
Forms when plants in swamps are buried in a low-oxygen enviro…
Peat
Dead plant materials only partially decomposes and accumulate…
18 terms
Coal
Coal
Rapid growth, anoxic, rapid subsidence…
Tropical delta
Cyclothems
A bedded, consolidated rock formed by the accumulation of veg…
Environmental conditions necessary for the formation of coal
Favourable environment for coal formation
Sedimentation cycle in a coal measure
Coal
A bedded, consolidated rock formed by the accumulation of veg…
Rapid growth, anoxic, rapid subsidence…
Environmental conditions necessary for the formation of coal
Coal
300 million years
peat>lignite>bituminous>anthracite
62%
52%
how old is the plant life to make coal
what old is do these go in: lignite, anthracite, peat, birumi…
what percent of the world's electricity does coal produce
what percent of US electricity is generated from coal
300 million years
how old is the plant life to make coal
peat>lignite>bituminous>anthracite
what old is do these go in: lignite, anthracite, peat, birumi…
13 terms
Boiler Tech - Coal
Coal
Col
Lignite
Sub bituminous coal
most plentiful fuel in the fossil family.
Old English term which means "mineral of fossilized carbon"
brown coal, first type of coal when plant matter is compacted.
brownish in color which has an energy value of 17-18 million…
Coal
most plentiful fuel in the fossil family.
Col
Old English term which means "mineral of fossilized carbon"
53 terms
Coal and Natural Gas Study Guide
Renewable Resources
Nonrenewable Resources
Fossil Fuels
Carbonization
Resources replaced as they are used
Resources with a limited supply
Forms of stored energy that are remains of living things and…
The decomposition of plants, releasing gases which change the…
Renewable Resources
Resources replaced as they are used
Nonrenewable Resources
Resources with a limited supply
64 terms
Coal
1. Government Regulations... 2. Dropping…
Government Regulations
Dropping Coal Reserves
Natural Gas
Name 6 reasons for coal decline
Rules that are used to limit the amount of toxic air pollutan…
Running out of coal = the power plants have less coal for ele…
Cheaper than coal = companies leave coal for this resource. J…
1. Government Regulations... 2. Dropping…
Name 6 reasons for coal decline
Government Regulations
Rules that are used to limit the amount of toxic air pollutan…
16 terms
Coal
Coal
50-60% of U.S. electricity is from coal
Buried Sunshine
about 300 million years ago
A fossil fuel made from decayed plant matter formed in swampy…
How much of U.S. electricity comes from coal?
A nickname for coal that comes from the plants that made coal…
When did most of our coal form?
Coal
A fossil fuel made from decayed plant matter formed in swampy…
50-60% of U.S. electricity is from coal
How much of U.S. electricity comes from coal?
5 terms
coal
how is it mined
how is it turned into electricity
other uses
how does it cause pollution
mining in the ground, open pit, undergroud, or rooftop removal
ground into a fine powder, burned, heat is used to boil water…
steam engines... make steal and concrete ... cook/heat
when burned it creates a lot of greenhouse gases
how is it mined
mining in the ground, open pit, undergroud, or rooftop removal
how is it turned into electricity
ground into a fine powder, burned, heat is used to boil water…
8 terms
Coal Oil and Natural Gas
Coal
Natural Gas and Oil
Oil
Coal
There is probably enough of this fossil fuel to last another…
Started out as plankton (tiny plants and animals) millions of…
This fossil fuel provides about 40%of the worlds energy.
In its early stages, this fossil fuel is a spongy brown mater…
Coal
There is probably enough of this fossil fuel to last another…
Natural Gas and Oil
Started out as plankton (tiny plants and animals) millions of…
15 terms
Coal
How is it mined
How is it turned into electricity
Other uses
How does it cause pollution
Drift mining
Goes to a power plant
-generate electricity ... -steel production... -cement manufacturin…
Green house gases ... -burned and causes smog, acid rain, and to…
How is it mined
Drift mining
How is it turned into electricity
Goes to a power plant
11 terms
Non-Renewable- Coal
Coal
Mining
Types of Coal (Least to Most Efficient)
Peat
A fossil fuel formed from the decomposition of organic materi…
Extracting coal from the earth. Could be underground, or like…
5. Peat... 4. Lignite... 3. Sub-Bituminous ... 2. Bituminous ... 1. Anthr…
An accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic ma…
Coal
A fossil fuel formed from the decomposition of organic materi…
Mining
Extracting coal from the earth. Could be underground, or like…
19 terms
coal test
what is coal important for
where do we get our coal from in Medford
Coal is a _________ rock.
Dead Materials needed to form coal
Electricity
dairyland
Sedimentary
1.heat 2.time 3.Pressure
what is coal important for
Electricity
where do we get our coal from in Medford
dairyland
10 terms
Coal
comes from
formed how
coal rank
as coal rank increases
land plants
coalification ... land plants dies, doesn't rot, and is buried…
1. Peat (lowest energy per mass)... 2. Lignite (first type of tr…
increase in carbon... identifiable plant remains disappear ... ener…
comes from
land plants
formed how
coalification ... land plants dies, doesn't rot, and is buried…
10 terms
Coal Quiz
Where is coal mined?
What applies pressure to coal while un…
Coal is made mostly out of what?
What two different things can be used…
Coal Seams
Heat and Mud
Carbon
Explosives and drills
Where is coal mined?
Coal Seams
What applies pressure to coal while un…
Heat and Mud
14 terms
coal vocab
anthracite
lignite
bituminous
tipple
coal of a hard variety that contains relatively pure carbon a…
a soft brownish coal showing traces of plant structure interm…
of containing or of the nature of bitumen
where people wash and sort coal
anthracite
coal of a hard variety that contains relatively pure carbon a…
lignite
a soft brownish coal showing traces of plant structure interm…
39 terms
COAL
fossil fuels make up what percent of t…
what is the leading source of energy i…
which fossil fuels produce the most CO2?
3 uses for coal
80%
petroleum(oil)
coal
electricity, heat, cooking
fossil fuels make up what percent of t…
80%
what is the leading source of energy i…
petroleum(oil)
20 terms
Coal
acid rain
black lung disease
carbon
carbon cycle
rainfall made sufficiently acidic by atmospheric pollution th…
is a common name for any lung disease that develops from inha…
the chemical element of atomic number 6, a nonmetal that has…
the series of processes by which carbon compounds are interco…
acid rain
rainfall made sufficiently acidic by atmospheric pollution th…
black lung disease
is a common name for any lung disease that develops from inha…
8 terms
Coal
What is coal
Were dinosaurs before or after coal be…
What lay above the dead plants or coal
What was squeezed out of the plants
Dead dead plants from long ago
After
Dirt fossils water
Oxygen
What is coal
Dead dead plants from long ago
Were dinosaurs before or after coal be…
After
8 terms
Coal Part 1
ohio relies on fossil fuels for
ohio ranks
coal is primarily used for
coal is made from
supplying energy
16th in the country for total energy production... 10th in the c…
generating electricity
land plants
ohio relies on fossil fuels for
supplying energy
ohio ranks
16th in the country for total energy production... 10th in the c…
17 terms
coal
energy
fossil fuels
EROEI
% of electricity worldwide, % of elect…
capacity to do work
non-renewable carbon-based resources
Energy return on energy investment: Coal 8:1, Oil 15:1, Nucle…
40%=worldwide... 45%=usa
energy
capacity to do work
fossil fuels
non-renewable carbon-based resources
26 terms
Coal Part II
coal reserves through time
Coal extraction and processing
mining types
underground mining
world-wide distribution of coal reserves, in millions of tons…
mining techniques that are used to produce coal as well as ho…
underground... surface or strip mining, inc. blasting... all mining…
mining involves sinking vertical shafts, "inclines," and hori…
coal reserves through time
world-wide distribution of coal reserves, in millions of tons…
Coal extraction and processing
mining techniques that are used to produce coal as well as ho…
28 terms
Coal
Is coal the main global electricity ge…
Who are the largest producers of coal?
Is coal a strategic mineral?
How long will Coal take to run out at…
Yes
China followed by the USA
No as it is found in nearly all countries and recoverable in 70
147 years
Is coal the main global electricity ge…
Yes
Who are the largest producers of coal?
China followed by the USA
20 terms
Coal
acid rain
black lung disease
carbon
carbon cycle
Rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when indust…
Inflammation and fibrosis caused by accumulation of coal dust…
C
The organic circulation of carbon from the atmosphere into or…
acid rain
Rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when indust…
black lung disease
Inflammation and fibrosis caused by accumulation of coal dust…
21 terms
Coal
Coal
Oil/gas
Peat
Lignite
preserved plant matter deposited in a low oxygen environment…
preserved algae
partially decayed plant matter found in bogs... eventually turns…
low rank coal, cheap... the least pure coal.... a soft, brown coal…
Coal
preserved plant matter deposited in a low oxygen environment…
Oil/gas
preserved algae
20 terms
Coal Terms
acid rain
black lung disease
carbon
carbon cycle
rainfall made sufficiently acidic by atmospheric pollution th…
common name for any lung disease that develops from inhaling…
the chemical element of atomic number 6, a nonmetal that has…
the series of processes by which carbon compounds are interco…
acid rain
rainfall made sufficiently acidic by atmospheric pollution th…
black lung disease
common name for any lung disease that develops from inhaling…
61 terms
Chapter 19 Coal
Energy
Where does most of our energy come from
Fossilfuel
Fossil fuels include
The capacity to do work
Fossil Fuels
Non renewable carbon based resources that were formed over mi…
Coal, petroleum and natural gas
Energy
The capacity to do work
Where does most of our energy come from
Fossil Fuels
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