Study sets matching "term:polar molecules = a molecule in which opposite ends have opposite electric charges"

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Study sets matching "term:polar molecules = a molecule in which opposite ends have opposite electric charges"

11 terms
Polar molecules
Polar molecules
Cohesion
Surface tension
Polar bonds
Have a slightly positive end and slightly negative end due to…
The attraction of like molecules to each other, such as water
The cohesion between polar molecules at the surface of a liquid
An unequal sharing of electrons in a covalent bond
Polar molecules
Have a slightly positive end and slightly negative end due to…
Cohesion
The attraction of like molecules to each other, such as water
7 terms
Polar/Polar Covalent Molecules
Cold temperatures
Electrons are not shared equally
Have opposite ends(poles)
A molecule which has poles
Polar molecules have NOTHING to do with what
What are polar molecules
Polar molecules have opposite what
Polar covalent bonds in which electrons are shared unequally…
Cold temperatures
Polar molecules have NOTHING to do with what
Electrons are not shared equally
What are polar molecules
Biology: Water
Solvent
Cohesion
Adhesion
Thermal energy
A substance that dissolves the center substance
Molecules of the same kind that stick to one another
An attraction that occurs between unlike molecules
Total amount of energy associated with the random movement of…
Solvent
A substance that dissolves the center substance
Cohesion
Molecules of the same kind that stick to one another
Vocab for Chemistry
Polar Bond
Nonpolar Bond
Polar Molecule
Nonpolar Molecule
a covalent bond in which electrons are shared unequally
a covalent bond in which electrons are shared equally
A molecule that has electrically charged areas.
molecule that shares electrons equally and does not have oppo…
Polar Bond
a covalent bond in which electrons are shared unequally
Nonpolar Bond
a covalent bond in which electrons are shared equally
Honors Bio
Polar Molecule
Hydrogen Bond
Cohesion
Adheison
A molecule in which opposite ends have opposite electric char…
A bond created by the weak attraction of a slightly positive…
tendency of molecules of the same kind to stick to one another
attraction between unlike molecules
Polar Molecule
A molecule in which opposite ends have opposite electric char…
Hydrogen Bond
A bond created by the weak attraction of a slightly positive…
9 terms
16.3
Non polar covalent bond
Polar covalent bond
polar molocule
dipole
A covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are shared equ…
A covalent bond in which electrons are not shared equally
opposite ends of the molecule have opposite charges
A polar molecule
Non polar covalent bond
A covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are shared equ…
Polar covalent bond
A covalent bond in which electrons are not shared equally
6 terms
12) Water Structure and Hydrogen Bonding
Hydrogen
It pulls electrons more strongly than…
Hydrogen
Polar molecule
Held by two covalent bonds
Why is oxygen negative?
positive
a molecule in which opposite ends have opposite electric char…
Hydrogen
Held by two covalent bonds
It pulls electrons more strongly than…
Why is oxygen negative?
10 terms
Polarity & Electronegativity
Polarity
Electronegativity
Change in EN > 1.7
Change in EN 0.5-1.7
A lack of electrical symmetry in a molecule. Charge differenc…
How much molecules attract electrons
ionic
polar covalent
Polarity
A lack of electrical symmetry in a molecule. Charge differenc…
Electronegativity
How much molecules attract electrons
8.4 Polar Bonds & Molecules
what determine molecular properties?
what is a nonpolar covalent bond?
what molecules have nonpolar covalent…
what is a polar bond (polar covalent b…
kind & number of atoms joined together
atoms in the bond pull equally & bonding electrons shared equ…
hydrogen (h2) oxygen (o2) & nitrogen (n2) & diatomic halogen…
atoms in bond pull unequally & bonding electrons shared unequ…
what determine molecular properties?
kind & number of atoms joined together
what is a nonpolar covalent bond?
atoms in the bond pull equally & bonding electrons shared equ…
Bio set three
Adhesion
Cohesion
Hydrogen bond
Polar molecule
Attrition between unlike molecules
Tendency of molecules of the same kind to stick to one another
Bond created by the weak attraction of a slightly positive hy…
Molecule in which opposite ends have oppsite electric charges
Adhesion
Attrition between unlike molecules
Cohesion
Tendency of molecules of the same kind to stick to one another
20 terms
3.1 the polarity of water molecules results in hydrogen bonding
water
70-95%
3/4
solid, liquid, and gas
Life on Earth began in ___ and evolved there for 3 billion ye…
cells are about ___% water
___ of Earth′s surface is submerged in water
Water is the only common substance to exist in the natural en…
water
Life on Earth began in ___ and evolved there for 3 billion ye…
70-95%
cells are about ___% water
8 terms
Science unit 8
Compounds
Chemical bond
Ion
Nonpolar molecule
Most of the matter around you is in the form of what
A force that holds together the atoms in a compound
An atom that has an electrical charge
Molecule that does not have oppositely charged ends
Compounds
Most of the matter around you is in the form of what
Chemical bond
A force that holds together the atoms in a compound
12 terms
8.4 Polar Bonds and Molecules
Non-polar covalent bonds
Polar covalent bond
0-.4
0.4-2
A covalent bond in which the electrons are shared equally by…
A covalent bond between atoms in which the electrons are uneq…
Non polar covalent(electronegativity number)
Polar covalent(electronegativity number)
Non-polar covalent bonds
A covalent bond in which the electrons are shared equally by…
Polar covalent bond
A covalent bond between atoms in which the electrons are uneq…
6 terms
water in chemistry
polar covalent molecule
Polarity
dipole
cohesion
unequal electron pair sharing; slight negative charge at one…
a separation of electric charge leading to a molecule or its…
a pair of equal and opposite electric charges or magnetic pol…
molecules sticking together, being mutually attractive
polar covalent molecule
unequal electron pair sharing; slight negative charge at one…
Polarity
a separation of electric charge leading to a molecule or its…
16 terms
Atoms, Periodic Table, Water
atom
element
molecule
compound
basic building block of all matter
a pure substance containing only one type of atom
at least 2 atoms joined together
at least 2 different atoms joined together
atom
basic building block of all matter
element
a pure substance containing only one type of atom
36 terms
Polarity, Inter Particle Forces, VSEPR, molecule shapes
VSEPR
Polar bonds
Non polar bonds
Dipole
Valence shell electron pair repulsion: theory based on number…
Exist between atoms with a difference in electronegativity of…
Exist between atoms with an electronegativity difference less…
A separation of charge; marked as an arrow with a plus sign n…
VSEPR
Valence shell electron pair repulsion: theory based on number…
Polar bonds
Exist between atoms with a difference in electronegativity of…
25 terms
Polar molecule
polar molecule
element
atom
nucleus
molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
The smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
the center of an atom
polar molecule
molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
element
any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
15 terms
chemistry: Polarity
polarity
intermolecular forces
dipole
dipole-dipole
Having an indicated pole (as the distinction between positive…
forces of attraction between molecules
a molecule that has two poles
attractions between oppositely charged regions of polar molec…
polarity
Having an indicated pole (as the distinction between positive…
intermolecular forces
forces of attraction between molecules
9 terms
SC302 Unit 2 - IMFs
polarity
polar bond
non-polar bond
polar molecule
A lack of electrical symmetry in a molecule. Charge differenc…
a covalent bond in which electrons are shared unequally
a covalent bond in which electrons are shared equally
A molecule that has electrically charged areas.
polarity
A lack of electrical symmetry in a molecule. Charge differenc…
polar bond
a covalent bond in which electrons are shared unequally
18 terms
Atoms, Bonding, and Water
Atom
4 most common elements of life
electrons
covalent bond
building blocks of matter
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen
negatively charged particles
strong bond that forms when atoms share electrons
Atom
building blocks of matter
4 most common elements of life
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen
10 terms
Interactions of Matter
Chemical Formula
Chemically Stable
Chemical Bond
Ion
Precise station of the elements in a compound and their ratios.
Atom whose outermost energy level is filled with elections.
Force that holds together atoms in a compound.
Atom having an electrical charge
Chemical Formula
Precise station of the elements in a compound and their ratios.
Chemically Stable
Atom whose outermost energy level is filled with elections.
Atoms and Molecules
atom
atomic nucleus
proton
neutron
Basic particle from which all elements are made; the building…
The central part of an atom that contains both protons and ne…
A positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus…
A subatomic particle of about the same mass as a proton but w…
atom
Basic particle from which all elements are made; the building…
atomic nucleus
The central part of an atom that contains both protons and ne…
Biology
Characteristics of all living things
Homeostasis
Ion
ionic bond
...
the ability or tendency to maintain internal stability
atom or molecule with a net electric charge due to the loss o…
complete transfer of valence electrons between atoms
Characteristics of all living things
...
Homeostasis
the ability or tendency to maintain internal stability
Biology
Ionic Bond
Covalent bond
Molecule
Polar Molecule
When an atom transfers electron to another atom.
When two or more atoms share electrons.
Two or more atoms held together by covalent bonds
A molecule in which opposite ends have opposite electrical ch…
Ionic Bond
When an atom transfers electron to another atom.
Covalent bond
When two or more atoms share electrons.
8 terms
Science Quiz Chp
chemical bond
ion
nonpolar molecule
polar molecule
force that holds together the atoms in a compound
an atom that has an electrical charge
molecule that does not have oppositely charged ends
molecule that had oppositely charged ends
chemical bond
force that holds together the atoms in a compound
ion
an atom that has an electrical charge
26 terms
Biochemistry
element
organic compound
polar molecule
Cohesion
A collection of atoms that all have the same number of protons.
Compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen
Molecule in which opposite ends have opposite electric charges
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
element
A collection of atoms that all have the same number of protons.
organic compound
Compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen
Water
polar molecule
cohesion
adhesion
temperature
molecule in which opposite ends have opposite electric charges
tendency of molecules of the same kind to stick to one another
attraction between unlike molecules
measure of the average energy of random motion of particles i…
polar molecule
molecule in which opposite ends have opposite electric charges
cohesion
tendency of molecules of the same kind to stick to one another
6 terms
Polar Bond Vocab
Polarity
Polarizability
London Dispersion force
Intermolecular Force
Difference in electrical charge in molecules that result in d…
Ability of a molecule to become polar
attractive forces created by dipole moments in a non-polar mo…
the force between molecules
Polarity
Difference in electrical charge in molecules that result in d…
Polarizability
Ability of a molecule to become polar
Water
Polar molecule
Cohesion
Adhesion
Temperature moderation
Opposite ends of the molecule have opposite charges or unequa…
Attraction to similar molecules ... - surface tension
Molecules attract a different molecules... - capillary action
Water resists temperature changes
Polar molecule
Opposite ends of the molecule have opposite charges or unequa…
Cohesion
Attraction to similar molecules ... - surface tension
21 terms
Structure and Bonding
Ionic bonding
Anion
Cation
Solubility
Type of chemical bond that involves electrostatic attraction…
A negatively charged ion.
A positively charge ion
Chemical property: ability of solute to dissolve in solvent.
Ionic bonding
Type of chemical bond that involves electrostatic attraction…
Anion
A negatively charged ion.
Biogoly
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Nucleus ( atomic)
atom is the smallest basic unit of matter. Millions of atoms…
Protons and neutrons form the dense center of an atom—the ato…
Neutrons, as their name implies, are neutral—they have no cha…
byErnest Rutherford based on the 1909 Ggold foil experiment.…
Atom
atom is the smallest basic unit of matter. Millions of atoms…
Proton
Protons and neutrons form the dense center of an atom—the ato…
Biological Molecules
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Monomer
Polymer
Attracts water molecules
Avoids water molecules
A single structure that serves as a building block of a polymer
A compound consisting of repeated linked monomers.
Hydrophilic
Attracts water molecules
Hydrophobic
Avoids water molecules
A Molecule
Atom
Nucleus
Isotope
Covalent Bond
The basic unit of a chemical element
The central (most important) part of and object for the growt…
Two or more forms of the same element that have the equal num…
The sharing of electrons between atoms
Atom
The basic unit of a chemical element
Nucleus
The central (most important) part of and object for the growt…
6 terms
Types of Bonds
Ionic Bond
Ion
Covalent Bonding
Molecule
A chemical bond resulting from the attraction between opposit…
A charged atom
results from the sharing of electron pairs between two atoms
A group of atoms bonded together by covalent bonds
Ionic Bond
A chemical bond resulting from the attraction between opposit…
Ion
A charged atom
Water Vocabulary
Adhesion
Aqueous solution
Cohesion
Density
The attraction between unlike molecules
Water is a solvent
Attraction between like molecules
Amount of mass per unit volume
Adhesion
The attraction between unlike molecules
Aqueous solution
Water is a solvent
Chapter 18 vocabulary
chemical bond
chemical formula
covalent bond
ion
A force that holds together atoms that form a compound.
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
A chemical bond formed when two atoms share electrons
A charged atom
chemical bond
A force that holds together atoms that form a compound.
chemical formula
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
Biology: Molecules & Biomolecules
Ionic bonds
Covalent bonds
Hydrogen bonds
Ions
Ions attract to one another
Atoms sharing electrons in their outer shell. One -- bond= 2…
Partial positive charge of hydrogen in one molecule attracted…
An atom that has gain or lost one or more electrons
Ionic bonds
Ions attract to one another
Covalent bonds
Atoms sharing electrons in their outer shell. One -- bond= 2…
Vocab
Atom
Element
Molecule
Valence Electrons
The smallest unit of matter, Building blocks of matter.
Pure substance that can not be broken down into other substan…
Two or more atoms that are covalently bonded.
They are electrons on the outer most shell of the atom.
Atom
The smallest unit of matter, Building blocks of matter.
Element
Pure substance that can not be broken down into other substan…
Flashcards
Atom
Element
Polar Molecule
Non-polar Molecule
the basic unit of a chemical element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A molecule that has electrically charged areas.
molecule that shares electrons equally and does not have oppo…
Atom
the basic unit of a chemical element
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Properties of Water
Water Molecule
Structure of Water
Polar Molecule
Hydrogen Bond
Its two hydrogen atoms are each joined to an oxygen atom by a…
The key to water's unusual properties is that the electrons o…
A molecule in which opposite ends have opposite electric char…
This type of weak attraction between the hydrogen atom of one…
Water Molecule
Its two hydrogen atoms are each joined to an oxygen atom by a…
Structure of Water
The key to water's unusual properties is that the electrons o…
Unit 2 Biochemistry
matter
element
compound
molecule
anything that has mass and takes up space.
A collection of atoms that all have the same number of protons.
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
2 or more atoms of the same element held together by covalent…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space.
element
A collection of atoms that all have the same number of protons.
Science vocab
chemical formula
chemical bond
ion
ionic bond
A combination of chemical symbols and numbers to represent a…
the force that holds two atoms together
A charged atom
Formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
chemical formula
A combination of chemical symbols and numbers to represent a…
chemical bond
the force that holds two atoms together
47 terms
Chapter 5 Molecules of Life
Inorganic molecule
Organic molecule
Water, carbon dioxide, salt
Glucose
A non-carbon-based molecule
A carbon-based molecule
Three examples of inorganic molecules
Example of an organic molecule
Inorganic molecule
A non-carbon-based molecule
Organic molecule
A carbon-based molecule
14 terms
CH. 18 Science
Chemical formula
chemical bond
ion
ionic bond
A combination of chemical symbols and numbers to represent a…
the force that holds two atoms together
A particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative)
The attraction between oppositely charged ions.
Chemical formula
A combination of chemical symbols and numbers to represent a…
chemical bond
the force that holds two atoms together
52 terms
polar molecules
covalent bond
polar covalent bonds
when a electronegativity difference in…
linear trigonal planar tetrohedral
sharing of electrons
unequal sharing of electrons, bonding pair of electrons is no…
when a molecule is simetricial the dipole moments cancel maki…
as long as attachments are the same these will be nonpolar
covalent bond
sharing of electrons
polar covalent bonds
unequal sharing of electrons, bonding pair of electrons is no…
20 terms
Atoms and Molecules
atom
atomic nucleus
proton
neutron
Basic particle from which all elements are made; the building…
The central part of an atom that contains both protons and ne…
A positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus…
A subatomic particle of about the same mass as a proton but w…
atom
Basic particle from which all elements are made; the building…
atomic nucleus
The central part of an atom that contains both protons and ne…
8.4 Polar Bonds and Molecules Vocab
Nonpolar covalent bond
Polar covalent bond
Polar molecule
Dipole
a covalent bond in which the electrons are shared equally by…
a covalent bond between atoms in which the electrons are shar…
a molecule in which one side of the molecule is slightly nega…
a molecule that has two poles, or regions, with opposite char…
Nonpolar covalent bond
a covalent bond in which the electrons are shared equally by…
Polar covalent bond
a covalent bond between atoms in which the electrons are shar…
15 terms
Physical Science Chapter 19& 24 honors
Chemical Reaction
Chemical Equation
Reactant
Product
a process in which one or more substances are changed into ot…
a short, easy way to show a chemical reaction, using symbols…
a starting material in a chemical reaction,
a chemical substance formed as a result of a chemical reactio…
Chemical Reaction
a process in which one or more substances are changed into ot…
Chemical Equation
a short, easy way to show a chemical reaction, using symbols…
39 terms
Biology ch 6
nucleus
electron
proton
element
Center of an atom, contains protons and neutrons
A negatively charged particle
A positively charged particle
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
nucleus
Center of an atom, contains protons and neutrons
electron
A negatively charged particle
30 terms
chapter 5 Key terms : Compounds and their Bonds
anion
bent
cation
chemical formula
A negatively charged ion such as chlorides,peroxide, or sulfate
The shape of a molecule with four electron groups, but only t…
A positively charged ion such as sodium,magnesium,aluminum, o…
The symbols and subscripts that represent the lowest whole-nu…
anion
A negatively charged ion such as chlorides,peroxide, or sulfate
bent
The shape of a molecule with four electron groups, but only t…
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