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Study sets matching "term:psy = perceptual constancy tendency for th enviroment to be perceived as remaining the same even with changes in sensory input."

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Study sets matching "term:psy = perceptual constancy tendency for th enviroment to be perceived as remaining the same even with changes in sensory input."

5 terms
Perceptual constancy - Psychology
Size
Shape
Brightness
Colour
Size constancy to our tendency to perceive objects as remaini…
Each time you move a book its image on your retina changes fr…
brightness constancy refers to the tendency to perceive brigh…
Colour constancy is the tendency to perceive colours as remai…
Size
Size constancy to our tendency to perceive objects as remaini…
Shape
Each time you move a book its image on your retina changes fr…
9 terms
Perceptual Constancies
perceiving the properties of an object…
stimulus (retinal images) change, ____…
interpret object as always the same si…
we perceive an object as the same size…
physical properties
percept
size constancy
size constancy
perceiving the properties of an object…
physical properties
stimulus (retinal images) change, ____…
percept
15 terms
Perceptual Constancy (CLEP Intro to Psychology Exam)
Size Constancy
Brightness Constancy
Shape Constancy
Monocular Cues
As something gets closer, it looks larger; however, we percei…
Though lighting can change, our perception of hue/brightness…
As 3D shapes move, our brains don't perceive the "flat" image…
Cues that each eye uses individually to determine depth
Size Constancy
As something gets closer, it looks larger; however, we percei…
Brightness Constancy
Though lighting can change, our perception of hue/brightness…
24 terms
Visual Perception Principles
visual perception principles
GESTALT PRINCIPLES
Figure and Ground
Closure
'rules' that we apply to visual info to assist our organisati…
the way we organise info to perceive it as a whole, complete…
the way we perceptually divide a visual scene into figure and…
perceptual tendency to close up, fill in or ignore gaps in a…
visual perception principles
'rules' that we apply to visual info to assist our organisati…
GESTALT PRINCIPLES
the way we organise info to perceive it as a whole, complete…
23 terms
AP Psychology 3.5 Perception
Perception
Selective Attention
Habituation
Perceptual Set
The process by which the brain integrates, organizes, and int…
The process by which we attend to meaningful stimuli and filt…
Reduction in the strength of a response to a constant or repe…
The tendency for perceptions to be influenced by one's expect…
Perception
The process by which the brain integrates, organizes, and int…
Selective Attention
The process by which we attend to meaningful stimuli and filt…
20 terms
Perception and Sensation
Perception
Sensation
Rods
Cones
Processing the information and interprets and organizes sensa…
Using your senses to get information from the outside world.
The part of the eye that detects brightness.
The part of the eye that sees colors.
Perception
Processing the information and interprets and organizes sensa…
Sensation
Using your senses to get information from the outside world.
29 terms
Psychology: Module 3.5 Perceiving Our World: The principles of perception
Perception
Selective Attention
Perceptual Set
Bottom-Up Processing
The process by which the brain integrates, organizes, and int…
The process by which we attend to meaningful stimuli and filt…
The tendency for perceptions to be influenced by one's expect…
A mode of perceptual processing by which the brain recognizes…
Perception
The process by which the brain integrates, organizes, and int…
Selective Attention
The process by which we attend to meaningful stimuli and filt…
33 terms
Psychology - Perceptual Set
Depth cues
Accomodation
Brightness constancy
Convergence
depth cues are sources of information from external cues, or…
Accomodation involves the automatic focusing mechanism of the…
Brightness constancy is the tendency to perceive an object a…
Convergence occurs when the brain detects and interprets dept…
Depth cues
depth cues are sources of information from external cues, or…
Accomodation
Accomodation involves the automatic focusing mechanism of the…
21 terms
Psychology Chapter 4 Monocular and Binocular Depth
Depth Perception
Linear Perspective
Relative Size
Light and Shadow
Binocular and monocular cues allow us to perceive depth
Occurs when parallel lines seem to converge in the distance
When we expect 2 objects to be the same sized but they are not
Brightly lit objects appear closer, while objects in shadow a…
Depth Perception
Binocular and monocular cues allow us to perceive depth
Linear Perspective
Occurs when parallel lines seem to converge in the distance
14 terms
Perception
Perception
Gestalt Psychology
Figure/Ground
Gestalt Perceptual Organization
take place in the brain, using sensory information the brain…
the brain creates coherent perceptual experiences that is mor…
we perceive a foreground object against a background
These theories attempt to describe how people tend to organiz…
Perception
take place in the brain, using sensory information the brain…
Gestalt Psychology
the brain creates coherent perceptual experiences that is mor…
18 terms
Thinking About Psychology Module 7
Perception
Gestalt
Figure-ground
Grouping
The process of organizing and interpreting incoming sensory i…
The "whole"or the organizational patterns that we tend to per…
The organization of the visual field into objects (figures) t…
The perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into understandab…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting incoming sensory i…
Gestalt
The "whole"or the organizational patterns that we tend to per…
32 terms
Sensation and Perception 3.5 Vocab
perception
selective attention
habituation
perceptual set
the process by which the brain integrates, organizes, and int…
the process by which we attend to meaningful stimuli and filt…
reduction in the strength of a response to a constant or repe…
the tendency for perceptions to be influenced by one's expect…
perception
the process by which the brain integrates, organizes, and int…
selective attention
the process by which we attend to meaningful stimuli and filt…
10 terms
Psychology
Closure rule
Continuity rule
Figure ground rule
Gestalt Psychologists
Our tendency to fill in any missing parts of a figure in orde…
Our tendency to favor smooth or continuous paths when interpr…
Our tendency to automatically identify an element of more det…
Found rules that specify how individual elements are organize…
Closure rule
Our tendency to fill in any missing parts of a figure in orde…
Continuity rule
Our tendency to favor smooth or continuous paths when interpr…
17 terms
Perceptual Constancies, Sets, lllusions, Ames Room
Perceptual Constancies
Size Constancy
Shape Constancy
Brightness Constancy
The tendency to perceive the object as remaining stable and u…
Recognising that an object's size remains the same even thoug…
Perceiving an object as maintaining its shape despite any cha…
Perceiving an object as maintaining its level of brightness i…
Perceptual Constancies
The tendency to perceive the object as remaining stable and u…
Size Constancy
Recognising that an object's size remains the same even thoug…
26 terms
AP Psych Module 19 Perceptual Constancy And Visual Organization Terms
brightness constancy
color constancy
brightness contrast
size constancy
ability to see an object as having a constant level of bright…
color looks the same regardless of how it looks in different…
perceived brightness stays constant as long as environment st…
understanding that as an object moves farther or closer to a…
brightness constancy
ability to see an object as having a constant level of bright…
color constancy
color looks the same regardless of how it looks in different…
22 terms
Psychology Perception and Sensation Vocabulary
sensation
perception
absolute threshold
sensory adaptation
using your senses to get info from the outside world
processing the information and interprets and organizes sensa…
the smallest amount of energy needed for conscious thought
the sensory receptors stop responding to a constant stimuli (…
sensation
using your senses to get info from the outside world
perception
processing the information and interprets and organizes sensa…
19 terms
Chapter 4: Psychology
Sensation
Perception
Proximity
Similarity
the simulation of sensory receptors and the transmission of s…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory information
the perceptual tendency to group together visual and auditory…
the perceptual tendency to group together elements that seem…
Sensation
the simulation of sensory receptors and the transmission of s…
Perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory information
19 terms
Perceptual Organization
Proximity
Similarity
Continuity
Top down processing
The perceptual tendency to group objects together that are ne…
The perceptual tendency to group together objects that are si…
The perceptual tendency to perceive a series of points or lin…
Use the larger pattern to guide subordinate tasks
Proximity
The perceptual tendency to group objects together that are ne…
Similarity
The perceptual tendency to group together objects that are si…
29 terms
General Psychology: Ch 3.5 Perceiving Our World: The principles of perception
Perception
Selective Attention
Perceptual Set
Bottom-Up Processing
The process by which the brain integrates, organizes, and int…
The process by which we attend to meaningful stimuli and filt…
The tendency for perceptions to be influenced by one's expect…
A mode of perceptual processing by which the brain recognizes…
Perception
The process by which the brain integrates, organizes, and int…
Selective Attention
The process by which we attend to meaningful stimuli and filt…
9 terms
Psych GRE Sensation and Perception
Proximity (Gestalt Law of Organization)
Similarity (Gestalt Law of Organization)
Good Continuation (Gestalt Law of Orga…
Closure (Gestalt Law of Organization)
Elements close to one another tend to be perceived as a unit
Elements that are similar to one another tend to be grouped t…
Elements that appear to follow in the same direction tend to…
The tendency to see incomplete figures as being complete
Proximity (Gestalt Law of Organization)
Elements close to one another tend to be perceived as a unit
Similarity (Gestalt Law of Organization)
Elements that are similar to one another tend to be grouped t…
36 terms
perception
perception
bottom up processing
top down processing
figure ground
the awareness, integration, and organization of sensory stimuli
type of processing for the organization of information, witho…
type of processing for the organization of information that u…
gestalt law - the ability to distinguish between the figure a…
perception
the awareness, integration, and organization of sensory stimuli
bottom up processing
type of processing for the organization of information, witho…
19 terms
Unit 08 Sensation and Perception (Set 2)
Bottom-up processing
Top-down processing
Figure ground discrimination
Proximity (Gestalt principle)
A type of information processing in which individual features…
A type of information processing that entails using prior kno…
Our tendency to perceive objects with a clearly defined shape…
Objects that are close to one another are perceived as belong…
Bottom-up processing
A type of information processing in which individual features…
Top-down processing
A type of information processing that entails using prior kno…
30 terms
3.8 (Perception) Vocabulary
accommodation
aerial perspective
binocular cues
binocular disparity
Accommodation is a term developed by psychologist Jean Piaget…
aerial perspective is the haziness that surrounds objects tha…
Humans are able to see things that are both far and near, and…
binocular disparity is the difference in the location of a fe…
accommodation
Accommodation is a term developed by psychologist Jean Piaget…
aerial perspective
aerial perspective is the haziness that surrounds objects tha…
9 terms
Psychology Revision Questions- Pictorial Cues
linear perspective
interposition
texture gradient
relative size
The apparent convergence of parallel lines as the recede.
__________ occurs when one object partially covers another, a…
___________ refers to the gradual reduction of detail as a su…
____________ refers to the tendency to visually perceive that…
linear perspective
The apparent convergence of parallel lines as the recede.
interposition
__________ occurs when one object partially covers another, a…
15 terms
Perceptual Rule
Perceptual Constancies- Size
Perceptual Constancies- Shape
Perceptual Constancies- Brightness
Binocular Cues- Retinal Disparity
Percieved the same at any distance due to the depth perception
Remains same perceived at any distance
Intensity of light perceived constant over distance
Each of our eyes sees the world from a slightly different angle
Perceptual Constancies- Size
Percieved the same at any distance due to the depth perception
Perceptual Constancies- Shape
Remains same perceived at any distance
22 terms
Psychology Perception and Sensation Vocabulary
sensation
perception
absolute threshold
sensory adaptation
using your senses to get info from the outside world
processing the information and interprets and organizes sensa…
the smallest amount of energy needed for conscious thought
the sensory receptors stop responding to a constant stimuli (…
sensation
using your senses to get info from the outside world
perception
processing the information and interprets and organizes sensa…
39 terms
Sensation/Perception 57-96 | IB Psychology
perception
selective attention
habituation
perceptual set
the process by which the brain integrates, organizes, and int…
the process by which we attend to meaningful stimuli and filt…
reduction in the strength of a response to a repeated stimulus
the tendency for perceptions to be influenced by one's expect…
perception
the process by which the brain integrates, organizes, and int…
selective attention
the process by which we attend to meaningful stimuli and filt…
22 terms
W2 Psychology Perception and Sensation Vocabulary
sensation
perception
absolute threshold
sensory adaptation
using your senses to get info from the outside world
processing the information and interprets and organizes sensa…
the smallest amount of energy needed for conscious thought
the sensory receptors stop responding to a constant stimuli (…
sensation
using your senses to get info from the outside world
perception
processing the information and interprets and organizes sensa…
38 terms
Design Concepts chapter 1
Design theory
Evidence-based design (EBD)
Gestalt psychology
Simultaneous contrast
the way to direct design based on a system of beliefs or phil…
basing design decisions on credible research that links one o…
human needs innately perceive things as a whole so tat what i…
the same color appears to change depending on the background…
Design theory
the way to direct design based on a system of beliefs or phil…
Evidence-based design (EBD)
basing design decisions on credible research that links one o…
9 terms
Perceptual
Perceptual constancies
Size constancy
Shape constancy
Bright constancy
How objects remain the same even though the images of them in…
An object's size is the same even though its image in the ret…
If you move around an object, your view of it changes, but th…
An objects is still red even if the darkness makes it look bl…
Perceptual constancies
How objects remain the same even though the images of them in…
Size constancy
An object's size is the same even though its image in the ret…
37 terms
Psych Perception Quiz
Perception
Gestalt
Gestalt Psychology
Five Basic Principles of Form (Gestalt…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
organization by whole
the study of our tendency to integrate pieces of information…
Proximity, Similarity, Continuity, Connectedness, Closure
Perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Gestalt
organization by whole
32 terms
H Psychology 3.5 Perception
Perception
Selective Attention
Habituation
Perceptual Set
The process by which the brain integrates, organizes, and int…
The process by which we attend to meaningful stimuli and filt…
Reduction in the strength of a response to a constant or repe…
The tendency for perceptions to be influenced by one's expect…
Perception
The process by which the brain integrates, organizes, and int…
Selective Attention
The process by which we attend to meaningful stimuli and filt…
10 terms
THE ABCS OF PERCEPTION
The constancies
Size consistency
Shape consistency
Brightness consistency
size, shape and brightness
Tendency to perceive objects as always being the same size, n…
Tendency to perceive objects as remaining the same shape even…
Tendency to perceive objects as a certain level of brightness…
The constancies
size, shape and brightness
Size consistency
Tendency to perceive objects as always being the same size, n…
15 terms
Chapter 6: Sensation and Perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
Absolute Threshold
Weber's Law
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
minimum stimulus energy needed to detect a particular stimulu…
principle that , to be perceived as different, two stimuli mu…
bottom-up processing
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
top-down processing
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
22 terms
visual perception principals
Gestalt principles
Similarity
Proximity
closure
meaning form or shape, refer to the way in which we organise…
the tendency to perceive parts of a visual image that have si…
states that objects near to each other tend to be grouped tog…
the perceptual tendency to mentally 'close up', fill in and i…
Gestalt principles
meaning form or shape, refer to the way in which we organise…
Similarity
the tendency to perceive parts of a visual image that have si…
70 terms
AP Psychology Perception and Sensation Vocabulary
perception
selective attention
habituation
perceptual set
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation (as infan…
a mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
selective attention
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
10 terms
Visual perceptual sets and constancies
Perceptual set
Context; visual
Motivation; visual
Emotional state; visual
The readiness to perceive something in accordance with what w…
Refers to the setting of environment in which a perception is…
Refers to internal processes which activate behaviour that we…
Different emotions can set us to perceive information in a pa…
Perceptual set
The readiness to perceive something in accordance with what w…
Context; visual
Refers to the setting of environment in which a perception is…
36 terms
Psychology 1
Sensation
Perception
Perceptual Sets
Five factors influence our perceptual…
PASSIVE process of bringing information from the outside worl…
ACTIVE process of selecting, organising and interpreting the…
refers to a person's tendency or 'readiness' to perceive some…
- Past experience... - Context... - Cultural factor... - Motivation... -…
Sensation
PASSIVE process of bringing information from the outside worl…
Perception
ACTIVE process of selecting, organising and interpreting the…
30 terms
Ch. 3, Module 8 Vocab
Accommodation
Aerial perspective
Binocular cues
Binocular disparity
The cognitive process of revising existing cognitive schemas,…
Objects at a distance are blurred, less detailed, and lighter…
Depth perception that requires using both of our eyes to be a…
Occurs because of the difference between the retinal images o…
Accommodation
The cognitive process of revising existing cognitive schemas,…
Aerial perspective
Objects at a distance are blurred, less detailed, and lighter…
42 terms
Chapter 3: Ciccarelli Psychology
Sensation
Pupil
Iris
Cornea
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Iris opening that changes size depending on the amount of lig…
Its muscles control the size of the pupil.
Bends light waves to the image can be focused on the retina.
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Pupil
Iris opening that changes size depending on the amount of lig…
49 terms
Psychology chapter 4 B
Perceptual organization
Our perception tends to be
Gestalt (whole) Psychology
Figure Ground
-organize sensory info... -make assumptions based off of it
greater than what is actually presented
-studied human perceptual self organizing tendencies... - brain…
- determine figure from background ... -object stand out from su…
Perceptual organization
-organize sensory info... -make assumptions based off of it
Our perception tends to be
greater than what is actually presented
30 terms
Chapter 3 Module 8
Accommodation
Aerial perspective
Binocular cues
Binocular disparity
The cognitive process of revising existing cognitive schemas,…
Objects at a distance are blurred, less detailed, and lighter…
Depth perception that requires using both of our eyes to be a…
Occurs because of the difference between the retinal images o…
Accommodation
The cognitive process of revising existing cognitive schemas,…
Aerial perspective
Objects at a distance are blurred, less detailed, and lighter…
24 terms
Perception
Depth perception
Visual cliff
Binocular depth cues
Retinal display
The ability to see in three dimensions and judge distance
A device for testing depth perception in infants and young an…
Requires 2 eyes to tell depth
Type of binocular depth cues
Depth perception
The ability to see in three dimensions and judge distance
Visual cliff
A device for testing depth perception in infants and young an…
30 terms
Psychology: Perception
Bottom-up Processing
Top-down Processing
Perceptual Set/Expectancy
Perceptual Constancy
Perception driven by sensory information from the physical wo…
To actively seek and extract sensory information and are driv…
The tendency to perceive things a certain way because previou…
Occurs when our perception of an object remains the same desp…
Bottom-up Processing
Perception driven by sensory information from the physical wo…
Top-down Processing
To actively seek and extract sensory information and are driv…
47 terms
Perception
Perception
Binocular cues
Brightness contrast
Closure
How you interpret stimuli
Using 2 eyes to see how far away something is
How bright something is compared to its surroundings
Tendency to imagine the rest of an incomplete, familiar picture
Perception
How you interpret stimuli
Binocular cues
Using 2 eyes to see how far away something is
constancy
visual capture
gestalt psychology
constancy
size constancy
tendency for vison to dominate other senses
focus on how we normally perceive objects as groups not isola…
perceiving objects as unchanging despite changes in the retin…
objects closer to us will produce bigger images on our retina…
visual capture
tendency for vison to dominate other senses
gestalt psychology
focus on how we normally perceive objects as groups not isola…
20 terms
Psychology Module 6 Perception
threshold
gestalt psychologists
figure-ground rule
closure rule
A point above which a stimulus is perceived and below which i…
Believed our brains follow a set of rules that specify how in…
States that, in organizing stimuli, we tend to automatically…
States that, in organizing stimuli, we tend to fill in any mi…
threshold
A point above which a stimulus is perceived and below which i…
gestalt psychologists
Believed our brains follow a set of rules that specify how in…
70 terms
AP Psychology Perception and Sensation Vocabulary
perception
selective attention
habituation
perceptual set
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation (as infan…
a mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
selective attention
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
28 terms
Chapter 15: Visual Perception Principles
Visual Perception Principle
Gestalt Principles of Visual Perception
Figure-ground
Closure
a 'rule' that is applied to visual information to assist orga…
are about the way we group things.
when the figure stands out from the surroundings.
filling in the gaps or ignoring the gaps to see the image as…
Visual Perception Principle
a 'rule' that is applied to visual information to assist orga…
Gestalt Principles of Visual Perception
are about the way we group things.
11 terms
perception
figure/ground
law of pragnaz
law of pragnaz
law of closure
brain tries to find some part of focus on and put everything…
law of simplicity
brain tries to come up with simplest answer on what you are p…
brain fills in missing parts EX: visual blind spot in each eye
figure/ground
brain tries to find some part of focus on and put everything…
law of pragnaz
law of simplicity
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