Study sets matching "term:pyruvate = end product of glycolysis"

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Study sets matching "term:pyruvate = end product of glycolysis"

7 terms
MCB Exam 3 (start and end products of glycolysis)
Start products
End products
where do the 2NADH and 2H+ go?
Where energy is invested:
glucose + 2ADP + 2Pi + 2NAD+
2 pyruvate + 2 net ATP (from SLP) + 2NADH + 2H+ (both from ox…
towards ETC (were making energy from oxidative phosphorylatio…
1st step: addition of phosphate to glucose, it "primes the pu…
Start products
glucose + 2ADP + 2Pi + 2NAD+
End products
2 pyruvate + 2 net ATP (from SLP) + 2NADH + 2H+ (both from ox…
GLycolysis Fates of Pyruvate Feeder Pathways into Glycolysis
Talley Sheet for glycolysis
RX 1 Glucose Glucose 6 phosphate
RX 2 Glucose 6 PO4 Fructose 6 PO4
RX 3 Fructose 6 PO4 Fructose 1,6 bis…
One 6 Carbon Glucose must be converted into two 3 Carbon Pyru…
Phosphorylation ... If you've added a phosphate, where did it co…
This is an aldose to ketose shift, but does not require B1... En…
This is a second phosphorylation... "bis" says "2" (may see as "…
Talley Sheet for glycolysis
One 6 Carbon Glucose must be converted into two 3 Carbon Pyru…
RX 1 Glucose Glucose 6 phosphate
Phosphorylation ... If you've added a phosphate, where did it co…
Glycolysis, Pyruvate Oxidation, and Citric Acid Cycle
Fatty acids can be broken down into
Glycerol from fatty acids can enter
Start point for _____________ pathways…
Glycolysis
Acetyl CoA
Glycolysis
Anabolic; fatty acids
A sequence of ten reactions (all catalyzed by different enzym…
Fatty acids can be broken down into
Acetyl CoA
Glycerol from fatty acids can enter
Glycolysis
Bio 20, Glycolysis and Pyruvate Oxidation
Glycolysis is said to be _______, mean…
Glycolysis occurs in the _________ of…
Phosphorylation of glucose occurs ___…
The energy released by oxidizing PGAL…
anaerobic
cytoplasm
2
ATP
Glycolysis is said to be _______, mean…
anaerobic
Glycolysis occurs in the _________ of…
cytoplasm
7 terms
Glycolysis
The oxidation of glucose into 2 pyruva…
End products of glycolysis:... _____ mole…
Starting 6 carbon molecule of glycolys…
2 _____ are used to start glycolysis
glycolysis
2; NADH; 2
glucose
ATP
The oxidation of glucose into 2 pyruva…
glycolysis
End products of glycolysis:... _____ mole…
2; NADH; 2
27 terms
Fates of Pyruvate after Glycolysis
Aerobic Metabolism Overall
Meaning of Anabolic Metabolism
Meaning of Catabolic Metabolism
Fate of (2mol) Pyruvate in Aerobic Con…
pyruvate is decarboxylated and sent to citric acid cycle (CAC)
SYNTHESIS of molecules as part of metabolism
BREAK DOWN of molecules for NRG gain or disposal as part of m…
Acetyl-CoA + 2(CO2) -> citric acid cycle (CAC)
Aerobic Metabolism Overall
pyruvate is decarboxylated and sent to citric acid cycle (CAC)
Meaning of Anabolic Metabolism
SYNTHESIS of molecules as part of metabolism
Enzymes
Glycolysis starting product
glycolysis end product
glycolysis net energy
pyruvate oxidation starting product
glucose
pyruvate (2)
2 atp, 2 NADH
pyruvate
Glycolysis starting product
glucose
glycolysis end product
pyruvate (2)
Chapter 9 - Cellular Respiration - Glycolysis & Pyruvate Processing
Glucose
Cellular respiration
Gylcolysis
Pyruvate Processing
To make ATP, fats and stooge carbohydrates must be converted…
Which is more efficient, cellular respiration or fermentation?
One molecule of glucose is broken into 2 molecules of 3-carbo…
Processed to form the compound acetyl CoA. Another molecule o…
Glucose
To make ATP, fats and stooge carbohydrates must be converted…
Cellular respiration
Which is more efficient, cellular respiration or fermentation?
Lecture 9: Glycolysis and Fates of Pyruvate
What is the catabolic pathway that con…
What is the process of going from pyru…
What is the process of going from gluc…
What is the process of going from glyc…
Glycolysis
Glucogenesis
Glycogen synthesis
Glycogenolysis
What is the catabolic pathway that con…
Glycolysis
What is the process of going from pyru…
Glucogenesis
17 terms
Glycolysis, fermentation, and pyruvate conversion Quiz
How many ATP break up glucose into two…
NAP+ is a Hydrogen carrier in photosyn…
Each three-carbon molecule is converte…
At step 3 how many ATP are created?
2
NAD+
pyruvate
4
How many ATP break up glucose into two…
2
NAP+ is a Hydrogen carrier in photosyn…
NAD+
Glycolysis
Step 1 Glycolysis Reactant
Step 1 Glycolysis Enzyme
Step 1 Glycolysis Product
Step 2 Glycolysis Reactant
glucose
hexokinase
glucose-6-phosphate
glucose-6-phosphate
Step 1 Glycolysis Reactant
glucose
Step 1 Glycolysis Enzyme
hexokinase
30 terms
Glycolysis
Reaction #1 Glycolysis
Glucose 6-phosphate
Hexokinase
Reaction #2 Glycolysis
product of reaction #1 of glycolysis
enzyme that phosphorylates glucose on C-6 during reaction #1…
Reaction #1 Glycolysis
Glucose 6-phosphate
product of reaction #1 of glycolysis
Glycolysis and Pyruvate Oxidation
Hexokinase
Phosphohexose isomerase
PFK1
Aldolase
Enzyme that phosphorylates Glucose to convert it into G6-P
Enzyme that converts G6-P to F6-P
Enzyme that phosphorylates F6-P to convert it into F1,6-BP
Enzyme that converts F1,6-BP into GAH3-P
Hexokinase
Enzyme that phosphorylates Glucose to convert it into G6-P
Phosphohexose isomerase
Enzyme that converts G6-P to F6-P
16 terms
glycolysis
glycolysis
anaerobic organisms
where does glycolysis take place?
energy investment phase overview
series of reactions that extract energy from glucose by split…
organisms that don't use o2 also have this pathway
-in cytosol of cell... -can be broken down into 2 stages:... energy…
-starting molecule of glucose gets rearranged and 2 phosphate…
glycolysis
series of reactions that extract energy from glucose by split…
anaerobic organisms
organisms that don't use o2 also have this pathway
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell
ATP is used to glue a phosphate group to glucose. This "traps…
An enzyme rearranges the molecule into fructose (much more st…
PFK adds another phosphate group to the fructose so it's more…
Glycolysis
Occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell
Step 1
ATP is used to glue a phosphate group to glucose. This "traps…
12 terms
Glycolysis products
What happens in the steps of glycolysi…
glycolysis net equation
Step 1 product
Step 2 product
1. Add ℗ ... 2. Isomerize... 3. Add ℗ ... 4. Split (reverse aldol cond…
Glucose + 2ADP + 2 Pi + 2 NAD+ --> 2 Pyruvate + 2 ATP + 2 NAD…
Glucose-6-phosphate
Fructose-6-phosphate
What happens in the steps of glycolysi…
1. Add ℗ ... 2. Isomerize... 3. Add ℗ ... 4. Split (reverse aldol cond…
glycolysis net equation
Glucose + 2ADP + 2 Pi + 2 NAD+ --> 2 Pyruvate + 2 ATP + 2 NAD…
Glycolysis, fermentation, pyruvate oxidation
cell respiration
STEPWISE OXIDATION OF SUGARS IN CELLS
One way ATP is made
oxidative phosphorylation
sugar is broken down into water and CO2 to create useful chem…
uses enzymes to overcome several small activation energies at…
First, certain energetically favorable,... enzyme-catalyzed reac…
second pathway to making ATP where the energy from... other acti…
cell respiration
sugar is broken down into water and CO2 to create useful chem…
STEPWISE OXIDATION OF SUGARS IN CELLS
uses enzymes to overcome several small activation energies at…
Glycolysis
Glucose
ATP
NADH and FADH2
mitochondria
6 Carbon molecule that is a reactant for cell respiration and…
Energy molecule in the cell
electron carriers in cell respiration
where cell respiration takes place - powerhouse of the cell
Glucose
6 Carbon molecule that is a reactant for cell respiration and…
ATP
Energy molecule in the cell
37 terms
glycolysis - the catabolism of pyruvate
what is the net energy and redox yield…
where are the enzymes for glycolysis l…
how much NAD+ are present in a cell?
what is NAD+ derived from?
matrix of mitochondrial
only limited amounts
niacin, a vitamin
what is the net energy and redox yield…
where are the enzymes for glycolysis l…
matrix of mitochondrial
12 terms
Glycolysis
Glucose
Pyruvate
Acetyl CoA
ATP
A 6 carbon sugar that is used in Cellular Respiration to make…
1/2 of a glucose molecule. Has 3 carbons.
A molecule created when a carbon is moved from pyruvate. That…
Adenosine Triphosphate. Our energy "coin" that is required to…
Glucose
A 6 carbon sugar that is used in Cellular Respiration to make…
Pyruvate
1/2 of a glucose molecule. Has 3 carbons.
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Lysis
Oxidation
Glucose
Lead to the formation of end products such as an alcohol or l…
Means to break. Breakdown of glucose. Energy is released by b…
Loss of electrons to pyruvic acid
6 carbon sugar
Glycolysis
Lead to the formation of end products such as an alcohol or l…
Lysis
Means to break. Breakdown of glucose. Energy is released by b…
Glycolysis substrate and product
Glucose
Glucose-6-phosphate
Fructose-6-phosphate
Fructose 1,6-biphosphate
Glucose-6-phosphate
Fructose-6-phosphate
Fructose 1,6-biphosphate
Dihydroxyacetone phosphate & glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate
Glucose
Glucose-6-phosphate
Glucose-6-phosphate
Fructose-6-phosphate
19 terms
WHS Bio Glycolysis/Krebs Cycle/Fermentation
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Glucose Breaking
Anaerobic process
Occurs in Cytoplasm
Produces 2 Net ATP
Glycolysis
Glucose Breaking
Glycolysis
Anaerobic process
glycolysis
what enzyme converts glucose to glucos…
glucokinase/hexokinase
what enzyme converts fructose-6-P to f…
phosphofructokinase
hexokinase, glucokinase
glucose --> glucose-6-P
phosphofructokinase
fructose-6-P to fructose 1,6 bis-P
what enzyme converts glucose to glucos…
hexokinase, glucokinase
glucokinase/hexokinase
glucose --> glucose-6-P
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Picture
Glycolysis (sugar-breaking)
Beginning
End Result (ATP)
1 molecule of glucose (6 carbon compound) is transformed into…
2 ATP molecules are used as a kickstart
4 ATP molecules are produced, creating a net gain of 2 ATP mo…
Glycolysis Picture
Glycolysis (sugar-breaking)
1 molecule of glucose (6 carbon compound) is transformed into…
glycolysis
glycolysis CR OR photosynthesis
glycolysis reactants
glycolysis products
glycolysis purpose
CR. both aerobic and anerobic
glucose ADP+P NAD+
ATP NADH pyruvic acid
split sugar& make small amount of ATP
glycolysis CR OR photosynthesis
CR. both aerobic and anerobic
glycolysis reactants
glucose ADP+P NAD+
56 terms
Glycolysis
Glucose
Glucose-6-Phosphate
Fructose-6-Phosphate
Fructose 1,6-Bisphosphate
Glucose
Glucose-6-Phosphate
35 terms
Glycolysis, Pyruvate processing, and Krebs Cycle
Glycolysis
Pyruvate Processing
Citric Acid Cycle
Metabolism
-2 pyruvate is formed... -2ATP is produced from ADP ... -NAD+ is re…
-Acetyl CoA is formed... -2 CO2 and NADH formed ... -ATP formed
-Acetyl CoA is oxidized ... -6NADH, 4CO2, 2FADH2, and 2ATP forme…
thousands of reactions that either anabolic or catabolic reac…
Glycolysis
-2 pyruvate is formed... -2ATP is produced from ADP ... -NAD+ is re…
Pyruvate Processing
-Acetyl CoA is formed... -2 CO2 and NADH formed ... -ATP formed
Glycolysis
reactants in glycolysis
End products of glycolysis
Pyruvate Oxidation involves
1st step of glycolysis
1 glucose, 1 NAD+, 2 ATP
2 pyruvate, 4 ATP (2 Net ATP), 2 NADH, 2 H+, 2 H2O
carboxyl group breaks off from pyruvate, breaking it down int…
hexokinase adds a phosphate to glucose. Costs 1 ATP. charge a…
reactants in glycolysis
1 glucose, 1 NAD+, 2 ATP
End products of glycolysis
2 pyruvate, 4 ATP (2 Net ATP), 2 NADH, 2 H+, 2 H2O
6 terms
Glycolysis
Process
sources of glucose for muscles
end products of glycolysis
2 possible pathways of pyruvic acid
-is the breakdown of glucose to produce ATP... -is done in a ser…
-bloodstream... -glycogen (storage form of glucose in animals)
-2 molecules of pyruvic acid... -2 molecules of ATP
anaerobic and aerobic
Process
-is the breakdown of glucose to produce ATP... -is done in a ser…
sources of glucose for muscles
-bloodstream... -glycogen (storage form of glucose in animals)
47 terms
Glycolysis
______of glucose by _____ commits it t…
_____cannot be transported across the…
Glycolysis: specific tissue functions
Net reaction of glycolysis
Phosphorylation... Hexonkinase
Glucose 6-P
Red blood cells... required for energy (no mitochondria for oxid…
glucose + 2 NAD+ + 2 Pi + 2 ADP--> 2 pyruvate + 2 NADH + 2 H+…
______of glucose by _____ commits it t…
Phosphorylation... Hexonkinase
_____cannot be transported across the…
Glucose 6-P
12 terms
Pyruvate
Pyruvate + Pyruvate Carboxylase + B7/b…
Pyruvate + Lactate Dehydrogenase + Nia…
Pyruvate + alanine aminotransferase +…
Pyruvate + pyruvate dehydrogenase + ... B…
Oxaloacetate... (gluconeogenesis and TCA cycle)
Lactate... (Cori cycle)... - end of anaerobic glycolysis... (RBCs, W…
Alanine... (Cahill cycle)... - carries amino groups from muscles to…
Acetyl CoA... (Glycolysis to TCA cycle)
Pyruvate + Pyruvate Carboxylase + B7/b…
Oxaloacetate... (gluconeogenesis and TCA cycle)
Pyruvate + Lactate Dehydrogenase + Nia…
Lactate... (Cori cycle)... - end of anaerobic glycolysis... (RBCs, W…
AIC 3: Fates of Pyruvate
Fates of pyruvate in mammals
NADH cofactor
Lactate dehydrogenase
Lactate Dehydrogenase Isoforms
1. Reduced to lactic acid (lactate)... 2. Enter the mitochondri…
NAD+ is an important cofactor in glycolysis: need to regenera…
Catalyzes the reduction of pyruvate to lactate in a reversibl…
Catalyzes the reduction of pyruvate to lactate in a reversibl…
Fates of pyruvate in mammals
1. Reduced to lactic acid (lactate)... 2. Enter the mitochondri…
NADH cofactor
NAD+ is an important cofactor in glycolysis: need to regenera…
59 terms
FA Biochem Glycolysis and Pyruvate Metab: Carbs 1
equation for glycolysis
where in the cell does glycolysis take…
products of aerobic glycolysis
products of anaerobic glycolysis
Glucose + 2Pi + 2ADP + 2NAD+ ->... 2Pyruvate + 2ATP + 2NADH + 2…
cytosol
2 Pyruvate, 2ATP, 2NADH
2 Lactate, 2ATP, 2NADH
equation for glycolysis
Glucose + 2Pi + 2ADP + 2NAD+ ->... 2Pyruvate + 2ATP + 2NADH + 2…
where in the cell does glycolysis take…
cytosol
6 terms
Glycolysis
split glucose into pyruvic acid
glucose
2 pyruvic acid and 2 atp
can produce atp fast and occurs in cyt…
what is the function of glycolysis
reactants in glycolysis
products in glycolysis
advantages of glycolysis
split glucose into pyruvic acid
what is the function of glycolysis
glucose
reactants in glycolysis
6 terms
Glycolysis
Cytoplasm
Glucose
ATP
NAD+
Location of Glycolysis
Split to make two pyruvates
Release energy to start Glycolysis
Absorb hydrogen to make NADH
Cytoplasm
Location of Glycolysis
Glucose
Split to make two pyruvates
31 terms
glycolysis
intermediary metabolism
metabolites
breakdown and synthesis
synthesis of carbohydrates
-pattern of biochemical reactions in a cell... -metabolites... -sev…
small organic molecules transformed in metabolic reactions
-food: breakdown of carbs in diet, release and capture energy…
-storage (glycogen)... -components of biomolecules (deoxyribose)…
intermediary metabolism
-pattern of biochemical reactions in a cell... -metabolites... -sev…
metabolites
small organic molecules transformed in metabolic reactions
Glycolysis and Pyruvate Processing
What are the four steps used for the c…
1. What is FADH2?... 2. NADH?
What occurs in glycolysis?
What are the products of glycolysis?
1) glycosis... 2) pyruvate processing... 3) citric acid cycle... 4) el…
1) FADH2 is an e- acceptor that is reduced by 2 e-s from FAD…
one 6 carbon molecule -> two 3 carbon pyruvates, ATP prodcued…
2 pyruvate molecules, 2 ATP molecules (generated 4 but used 2…
What are the four steps used for the c…
1) glycosis... 2) pyruvate processing... 3) citric acid cycle... 4) el…
1. What is FADH2?... 2. NADH?
1) FADH2 is an e- acceptor that is reduced by 2 e-s from FAD…
40 terms
AP Biology: Cell Respiration, Chapter 4, Glycolysis
ATP
ATP
ATP
ATP
Adenosine linked to three phosphates; the bond between the ph…
A nucleotide which provides energy for all cellular activitie…
A nucleotide, that is composed of adenosine and three phospha…
A nucleotide in which the energy stored in which is used dire…
ATP
Adenosine linked to three phosphates; the bond between the ph…
ATP
A nucleotide which provides energy for all cellular activitie…
Glycolysis
Glucose
Hexokinase
ATP->ADP
Glucose 6-phosphate
Starting molecule of Glycolysis
First step of Glycolysis
What happens during first step of glycolysis
Second molecule of Glycolysis
Glucose
Starting molecule of Glycolysis
Hexokinase
First step of Glycolysis
8 terms
Krebs cycle
Krebs cycle
pyruvic acid
carbon dioxide
NADH
second stage of cellular respiration; occurs in matrix of mit…
Reactant for the Krebs cycle
end product of Krebs cycle; where all the carbons from glucos…
high energy compound that carries electrons to be used later…
Krebs cycle
second stage of cellular respiration; occurs in matrix of mit…
pyruvic acid
Reactant for the Krebs cycle
11 terms
Glycolysis
where does glycolysis occur in the cell
what is glycolysis
inputs of glycolysis
outputs of glycolysis
cytosol of the cell
the glucose gets split into 2 pyruvate molecules
4 ATP 4 ADP 4NAD+ glucose
4 ATP pyruvate 2 NADH
where does glycolysis occur in the cell
cytosol of the cell
what is glycolysis
the glucose gets split into 2 pyruvate molecules
27 terms
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Glycolysis (I&O)
3 stages of Cellular Respiration
4 Major Pathways of Glucose Utilization
Enzyme catalyzed glucose degradation to yield 2 pyruvate mole…
Glucose (6C) --> Pyruvate (2X 3C)... Needs 2 ATPs... Generates 4 AT…
1. Glycolysis... 2. TCA cycle... 3. Electron Transport chain... All 3…
Glucose is excellent fuel and precursor for metabolic interme…
Glycolysis
Enzyme catalyzed glucose degradation to yield 2 pyruvate mole…
Glycolysis (I&O)
Glucose (6C) --> Pyruvate (2X 3C)... Needs 2 ATPs... Generates 4 AT…
10 terms
The Enzymes of Glycolysis (by product and substrate)
Hexokinase
Phosphoglucose isomerase
Phosphofructokinase
Aldolase
SUB: Glucose & ATP... PRD: Glucose-6-phosphate
SUB: Glucose-6-phosphate... PRD: Fructose-6-phosphate
SUB: Fructose-6-phosphate & ATP... PRD: Fructose-1,6-biphosphate
SUB: Fructose-1,6-biphosphate... PRD: Dihydroxyacetone phosphate…
Hexokinase
SUB: Glucose & ATP... PRD: Glucose-6-phosphate
Phosphoglucose isomerase
SUB: Glucose-6-phosphate... PRD: Fructose-6-phosphate
28 terms
Glycolysis, Fermentation and Pyruvate Conversion
Cellular Respiration
Where does photosynthesis take place
Where does Cellular Respiration take p…
Where does glycolysis take place
process in which organic food molecules are broken down to cr…
chloroplast
mitochondria
cytosol
Cellular Respiration
process in which organic food molecules are broken down to cr…
Where does photosynthesis take place
chloroplast
8 terms
Krebs cycle
Krebs cycle
pyruvic acid
carbon dioxide
NADH
second stage of cellular respiration; occurs in matrix of mit…
Reactant for the Krebs cycle
end product of Krebs cycle; where all the carbons from glucos…
high energy compound that carries electrons to be used later…
Krebs cycle
second stage of cellular respiration; occurs in matrix of mit…
pyruvic acid
Reactant for the Krebs cycle
Biochem
Cytoplasm
Glucose
Pyruvate or lactate
Phosphofructokinase (PFK-1)
Where does glycolysis occur?
Substrate of glycolysis
End product of glycolysis
Rate-limiting enzyme of glycolysis
Cytoplasm
Where does glycolysis occur?
Glucose
Substrate of glycolysis
Glycolysis and Pyruvate Oxidation
What are the building blocks of all ca…
The main fuel that cells use for cellu…
Found in table sugar
Found in fruits
Monosaccharides
Hexoses
Glucose
Fructose
What are the building blocks of all ca…
Monosaccharides
The main fuel that cells use for cellu…
Hexoses
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Glucose
Cytoplasm
Glycolysis
The first stage of Cellular Respiration
The starting material for the process of glycolysis
Where does glycolysis take place?
The process of splitting a glucose molecule into 2 pyruvic ac…
Glycolysis
The first stage of Cellular Respiration
Glucose
The starting material for the process of glycolysis
29 terms
Glycolysis
Overall Reaction
3 fates of glucose:
GLUT-2
GLUT-1
Glucose + 2NAD+ + 2 Pi + 2 ADP = 2 pyruvate + 2 ATP + 2 NADH…
1) glycogen, starch, sucrose (storage)... 2) pyruvate (oxidation…
in liver and beta cells of pancreas; independent of insulin;…
in RBCS; independent of insulin; ... Km = 1 mM → high affinity =…
Overall Reaction
Glucose + 2NAD+ + 2 Pi + 2 ADP = 2 pyruvate + 2 ATP + 2 NADH…
3 fates of glucose:
1) glycogen, starch, sucrose (storage)... 2) pyruvate (oxidation…
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