Study sets matching "term:reproductive = production of offspring."

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Study sets matching "term:reproductive = production of offspring."

Reproduction and offspring
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
dominant traits
recessive traits
reproduction that does not involve the union of gametes and i…
process in which genetic material from two parents combines a…
Traits that always show in a person even if only one gene of…
Traits that typically do not show in a person unless both gen…
asexual reproduction
reproduction that does not involve the union of gametes and i…
sexual reproduction
process in which genetic material from two parents combines a…
32 terms
Bio 30: Unit 1 - Reproduction and Offspring
Epididymis
Fallopian Tubes
Uterus
Cowper's Gland
a highly convoluted duct behind the testis, along which sperm…
(in a female mammal) either of a pair of tubes along which eg…
the organ in the lower body of a woman or female mammal where…
either of a pair of small glands that open into the urethra a…
Epididymis
a highly convoluted duct behind the testis, along which sperm…
Fallopian Tubes
(in a female mammal) either of a pair of tubes along which eg…
15 terms
Reproductive Products
OTC Reproductive Products
Male Condoms: Latex Rubber
Male Condoms: Lamb Intestine
Male Condoms: Polyurethane
Condoms - male/female... Vaginal Spermicides - foams, jellies, f…
Pros: cheap, widely available... Cons: allergy concerns, no oil-…
Pros: less allergy risk... Cons: expensive, not effective for ST…
Pros: no allergy issues, compatible with oil-based lubricants…
OTC Reproductive Products
Condoms - male/female... Vaginal Spermicides - foams, jellies, f…
Male Condoms: Latex Rubber
Pros: cheap, widely available... Cons: allergy concerns, no oil-…
24 terms
Reproductive Products
Barriers
Vaginal spermicides
Plan B MOAs
Success rate for male condoms
condoms (male and female)
foams, jellies, films, suppositories, sponge
increase cervical mucus viscosity and suppressed ovulation/pr…
81-90%
Barriers
condoms (male and female)
Vaginal spermicides
foams, jellies, films, suppositories, sponge
24 terms
Reproductive Products
Barriers
Vaginal spermicides
Plan B MOAs
Success rate for male condoms
condoms (male and female)
foams, jellies, films, suppositories, sponge
increase cervical mucus viscosity and suppressed ovulation/pr…
81-90%
Barriers
condoms (male and female)
Vaginal spermicides
foams, jellies, films, suppositories, sponge
6 terms
Female Reproductive- helps females get pregnet and produce offspring
Ovaries
Eggs
Fallopian Tube
Uterus
organs where eggs are produced and mature; produces female se…
produces female sex hormones; located inside the ovaries
tube that transports eggs from the ovaries to the uterus; con…
organ where a fetus grows and delvops until birth
Ovaries
organs where eggs are produced and mature; produces female se…
Eggs
produces female sex hormones; located inside the ovaries
8 terms
How Does Sexual Reproduction Generate Variation Among Offspring?
What is the nature of genetic mutations?
What is the role of mutations in produ…
In what type of reproduction are mutat…
What are the 3 sources of variation in…
They happen when the genetic code is altered by changes in on…
If a mutation occurs in the DNA of a cell that undergoes meio…
Asexual
1. Independent assortment ... 2. Crossing over... 3. Fertilization
What is the nature of genetic mutations?
They happen when the genetic code is altered by changes in on…
What is the role of mutations in produ…
If a mutation occurs in the DNA of a cell that undergoes meio…
57 terms
Reproductive anatomy, Hormone Production
Vagina
Cervix
Uterus (Uterine horns)
Endometrium
receives the sperm and site of copulatory plug... -rats, mice, a…
muscular barrier and mucoid barrier... -cervix has its own plug…
-uterus+oviduct: secrete sugar and other nutrients for egg an…
inner cell layer of uterus
Vagina
receives the sperm and site of copulatory plug... -rats, mice, a…
Cervix
muscular barrier and mucoid barrier... -cervix has its own plug…
43 terms
3. Gamete Production/ Reproduction
Asexual reproduction
mitosis
fission
budding
a single parent passes genes to its offspring... -no fusion of g…
makes two cells... -DNA replicated... -DNA separated evenly between…
splitting into equal daughters
new individuals arise from outgrowths of existing ones
Asexual reproduction
a single parent passes genes to its offspring... -no fusion of g…
mitosis
makes two cells... -DNA replicated... -DNA separated evenly between…
43 terms
3. Gamete Production/ Reproduction
Asexual reproduction
mitosis
fission
budding
a single parent passes genes to its offspring... -no fusion of g…
makes two cells... -DNA replicated... -DNA separated evenly between…
splitting into equal daughters
new individuals arise from outgrowths of existing ones
Asexual reproduction
a single parent passes genes to its offspring... -no fusion of g…
mitosis
makes two cells... -DNA replicated... -DNA separated evenly between…
Animal production - reproduction
List the two major cell types in the t…
In order for mammalian sperm to be via…
List four functions of the epididymis
Name three accessory sex glands in the…
Seminiferois tubules: produce sperm... Interstitial (Leydig) ce…
1. The testes descended from body cavity into scrotum failure…
1. Transport of sperm. It takes 9 to 15 days to move sperm th…
Vesicular glands (seminal vesicles)... Prostrate gland... Bulbouret…
List the two major cell types in the t…
Seminiferois tubules: produce sperm... Interstitial (Leydig) ce…
In order for mammalian sperm to be via…
1. The testes descended from body cavity into scrotum failure…
15 terms
Reproduction: Hormone production and influences
Corticosteroids (e.g. cortisol)
GnRH
Leptin
FSH
Female... Produced by the adrenal gland.... Used to induce labour.
Female & male... Produced by the hypothalamus.... Causes the anteri…
Male... Produced by adipose tissue.... Causes reduced testosterone…
Female & male... Produced by the pituitary gland in females and…
Corticosteroids (e.g. cortisol)
Female... Produced by the adrenal gland.... Used to induce labour.
GnRH
Female & male... Produced by the hypothalamus.... Causes the anteri…
Livestock production reproduction
When do male cattle reach puberty?
How long does it take to make sperm?
Where is the storage for sperm?
How long will sperm last until they die?
9 months
60 days
epididymis
45 Days after they are created
When do male cattle reach puberty?
9 months
How long does it take to make sperm?
60 days
30 terms
OTC Reproductive Products
Pregnancy Prevention Options(what are…
Pregnancy Prevention Options: Vaginal…
Pregnancy Prevention Options: Plan B(w…
Pregnancy Prevention Options: failure…
-Condoms(barriers)... -Vaginal Spermicides... -Emergency Contracept…
Foams... Jellies... Films... Suppositories... Sponge
-increased cervical mucus viscosity... -suppressed ovulation?... -p…
10-19%
Pregnancy Prevention Options(what are…
-Condoms(barriers)... -Vaginal Spermicides... -Emergency Contracept…
Pregnancy Prevention Options: Vaginal…
Foams... Jellies... Films... Suppositories... Sponge
14 terms
physiology: reproductive system: production of hormones
gonadotropin Releasing Hormone
LH
FSH
placenta
Hypothalamus
A.P.
A.P.
relaxin
gonadotropin Releasing Hormone
Hypothalamus
LH
A.P.
21 terms
Production Tubbs: 9 Reproductive Disease
Swine Med:
What is the most impt serovar of lepto…
Lepto has an affinity for which organ?
In a herd of swine there are many that…
Reproductive Diseases (Tubb;)
L Pomona is most impt... Pomona and Bratislava are host adapted
Kidneys... persist= carriers; plus voided in urine=transmission
Leptospirosis... -confirm with serology: MAT not useful in a her…
Swine Med:
Reproductive Diseases (Tubb;)
What is the most impt serovar of lepto…
L Pomona is most impt... Pomona and Bratislava are host adapted
23 terms
Reproductive Process, Testosterone Production, & Reproductive Problems
reproductive process
spermatogenesis
spermatogonia
primary spermatocyte
involves both meiotic and mitotic division of germinal epithe…
making of sperm, diploid (mitosis), dividing process that for…
becoming spermatocyte, stem cells that form primary spermatoc…
with meiosis 1, becomes secondary spermatocyte (2 of them)
reproductive process
involves both meiotic and mitotic division of germinal epithe…
spermatogenesis
making of sperm, diploid (mitosis), dividing process that for…
5 terms
Genetics: Patterns Of Inheritance (How Does Sexual Reproduction Generate Variation Among Offspring?)
1. Indicate the nature of genetic muta…
In which type of reproduction is mutat…
Regarding genetic variation that occur…
-Indicate where in the life cycle each…
...
...
...
...
1. Indicate the nature of genetic muta…
...
In which type of reproduction is mutat…
...
10 terms
3.1 living things pass their genetic traits to offspring through asexual or sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
Gametes
fertilization
only ONE parent cell or organism produces offspring
TWO parents produce offspring that inherit traits from each p…
organisms reproduce sexually by making ____ or specialized re…
one male and one female gamete join together to create a new…
asexual reproduction
only ONE parent cell or organism produces offspring
sexual reproduction
TWO parents produce offspring that inherit traits from each p…
Animal production - female reproduction
Give the functions of the ovary
Give the functions of the oviduct
Give the functions of the uterus
Give the functions of the cervix
Produce the ova, half the genetic material... Produce the steroi…
Site of fertilization... Moves the ova (fertilized or not) towar…
The embryo will implants on the wall of the uterus which is a…
Prevents entry of foreign material into uterus... Closed tightly…
Give the functions of the ovary
Produce the ova, half the genetic material... Produce the steroi…
Give the functions of the oviduct
Site of fertilization... Moves the ova (fertilized or not) towar…
57 terms
Horse Production- Reproduction Final
What are the two components of stallio…
Where are sperm produced?
Where is seminal fluid produced?
What are the two types of cells in the…
-spermatozoa from testicles... -seminal plasma or fluid
seminiferous tubules
accessory glands
-sertoli cells... -germ cells
What are the two components of stallio…
-spermatozoa from testicles... -seminal plasma or fluid
Where are sperm produced?
seminiferous tubules
reproductive systems - sperm cell production
spermatogenesis
gonadotropin - releasing hormone (GnRH)
follicle-stimulating hormone
sustentacular cells
the development of sperm cells, occurs within the seminiferou…
in adult males, it is released in regular burst every 60-90 m…
targets the sustentacular cells within the walls of the semin…
cells that support and nourish the spermatogenetic cells
spermatogenesis
the development of sperm cells, occurs within the seminiferou…
gonadotropin - releasing hormone (GnRH)
in adult males, it is released in regular burst every 60-90 m…
5 terms
Male Reproductive System (Sperm Production)
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
During sexual arousal, matured sperm is released from the Epi…
Sperm the travels the Vas Deferens and mixes with fluid from…
The sperm and fluid then travels through to the Prostate Glan…
...
Step 1
During sexual arousal, matured sperm is released from the Epi…
Step 2
Sperm the travels the Vas Deferens and mixes with fluid from…
Ch 27: Male Reproduction (production)
Spermatagonenesis
Diploid vs Haploid
Metaphase I (meiosis)
Prophase I
>Sequence of events that produces sperm in the seminiferous t…
Diploid has a copy of the homologus chromosome (2 copies of e…
> Alighnment is different, metaphase plate does not bisect th…
>nonsister chromatids trade segments = crossing over
Spermatagonenesis
>Sequence of events that produces sperm in the seminiferous t…
Diploid vs Haploid
Diploid has a copy of the homologus chromosome (2 copies of e…
Unit 3 Reproduction and Prenatal Production
Ovum
Uterus
Fallopian Tube
Sperm
The egg cell
The organ in a woman's body in which a baby develops during p…
A tube that connects the ovary to the uterus.
The male reproductive cell.
Ovum
The egg cell
Uterus
The organ in a woman's body in which a baby develops during p…
Lab#7: Male Reproductive Systems; SPERM PRODUCTION
seminiferous tubules
ductus deferens
seminal glands
prostate gland
#3, #4, and #5 make up the ____ ______
also called " " vesicles
seminiferous tubules
ductus deferens
#3, #4, and #5 make up the ____ ______
43 terms
"Oeconomical" Households: Families, Production, and Reproduction
What was the overriding concern of Ame…
"oeconomics" was a term used by sevent…
People living together as families eve…
Why did Native bands reduce, and how d…
economic production
household and family matters
the chief mechanisms for both production and consumption
disease and warfare; recombined into new units
What was the overriding concern of Ame…
economic production
"oeconomics" was a term used by sevent…
household and family matters
34 terms
Swine Production, Midterm 1, Reproductive Management
Estrous cycle
_____ and _____ will inhibit ovulation
After weaning, sows will generally exh…
Hormonal Regulation of Estrous: hypoth…
21 days long (range 18-24 days)
lactation and nursing
4 to 7
-gland in the base of the brain... -secrets GnRH which regulates…
Estrous cycle
21 days long (range 18-24 days)
_____ and _____ will inhibit ovulation
lactation and nursing
Reproductive Physiology (fertilization, labor, milk production)
Action of enzymes released by the sper…
The first sperm cell to penetrate the…
What does fertilization stimulate in t…
The zygote is transported by what?
release enzymes that penetrate the cells of the corona radiat…
binds to membrane receptors on the oocyte and produce a chemi…
a second meiotic division following which a second polar body…
Cilia, which move it through the fallopian tube and toward to…
Action of enzymes released by the sper…
release enzymes that penetrate the cells of the corona radiat…
The first sperm cell to penetrate the…
binds to membrane receptors on the oocyte and produce a chemi…
11 terms
Male Reproductive System I (Process of Sperm Production)
Spermatogenisis
Immature male Sex cell
Where is the spermatogonium located?
What do spermatids have?
Spermatid formation; occurs in the seminiferious Tubules
Spermatogonium
Against the basement membrane & Undergoes Mitosis
One half the amount of DNA (23 Chromosomes)
Spermatogenisis
Spermatid formation; occurs in the seminiferious Tubules
Immature male Sex cell
Spermatogonium
26 terms
Infectious Reproductive Failure in Commercial Swine Production
When does maternal recognition of preg…
If pregnancy is lost, how long until t…
When does mineralization of the fetus…
T/F: If pregnancy is lost after minera…
10-15 days
21 days
35-40 days
True!
When does maternal recognition of preg…
10-15 days
If pregnancy is lost, how long until t…
21 days
49 terms
Blood products, Electrolytes, Endocrine, Bones, Reproductive
Renin-angiotension-aldosterone
Antidiuretic Hormone
Colloid IV fluids
Crystalloid IV fluids
Conserve sodium (water follows salt), increasing the kidneys…
Water conservation. Has kidneys pull water from urine making…
-Red Blood Cells.... -Fresh Frozen Plasma.... -Albumin.... -Plasmanate…
-Tend to leave the blood stream and enter the tissues. Isoton…
Renin-angiotension-aldosterone
Conserve sodium (water follows salt), increasing the kidneys…
Antidiuretic Hormone
Water conservation. Has kidneys pull water from urine making…
15 terms
Chapter 10 - Productive, Reproductive Technology, and Birthing
Fertilin
Zona Pellucida
Exocytosis
Zygote
A chemical in the outer menbrane of a sperm that assists in a…
The transparent, outer membrane of am ovum.
The release of genetic material by the sperm cell, permitting…
An ovum that has been fertilized by a sperm.
Fertilin
A chemical in the outer menbrane of a sperm that assists in a…
Zona Pellucida
The transparent, outer membrane of am ovum.
10 terms
Cell growth and Reproduction/Sexual Production test
Cell Cycle
Phases of Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Prophase
Definition: Series of events in which a cell grows, prepares…
1. G1: Cell Growth... 2. S: DNA is replicated so each daughter c…
- Prophase... - Metaphase... - Anaphase... - Telophase
- Chromosomes condense and become visible.... - Nuclear membrane…
Cell Cycle
Definition: Series of events in which a cell grows, prepares…
Phases of Cell Cycle
1. G1: Cell Growth... 2. S: DNA is replicated so each daughter c…
5 terms
Reproductive system organ system which functions in creating offspring (***** and testes in males, ovaries, uterus, and vagina in females)  menstruation phase of the menstrual cycle during which the lining of the uterus, along with blood and the unfert
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Female Reproductive System: Hormone Production by the Ovaries
What are estrogens produced by?
What secondary sex characteristics do…
What is progesterone produced by?
How long does the production of proges…
Follicle cells
Enlargement of accessory organs... Development of breasts... Appear…
Corpus luteum
Until LH diminishes in the blood
What are estrogens produced by?
Follicle cells
What secondary sex characteristics do…
Enlargement of accessory organs... Development of breasts... Appear…
Chapter 8 Meiosis (Reproduction) (production of gametes)
Function of meiosis?
In order to reproduce with polity?
What is diploid?
What is a haploid?
Reduction division, process of gengenogis (reproduction of ga…
We need to make gametes them haploid half
2n one maternal one paternal (adults)
cut maternal and paternal in half if haploid
Function of meiosis?
Reduction division, process of gengenogis (reproduction of ga…
In order to reproduce with polity?
We need to make gametes them haploid half
15 terms
Human Reproduction- Male parts and sperm production
Puberty
Testosterone
Testes (testicles)
Why are testicles located outside the…
the period in human development in ehich the person becomes s…
the male sex hormone produced by the testes
produce and nourish sperm as they develop and also produes te…
to keep the sperm cool, they die at body temperature (37*c)
Puberty
the period in human development in ehich the person becomes s…
Testosterone
the male sex hormone produced by the testes
15 terms
Human Reproduction- Male parts and sperm production
Puberty
Testosterone
Testes (testicles)
Why are testicles located outside the…
the period in human development in ehich the person becomes s…
the male sex hormone produced by the testes
produce and nourish sperm as they develop and also produes te…
to keep the sperm cool, they die at body temperature (37*c)
Puberty
the period in human development in ehich the person becomes s…
Testosterone
the male sex hormone produced by the testes
48 terms
Reproduction: Organs, tissues, cells, & their products and functions
Secretes progesterone during oestrous…
Produces testosterone
The secretory tissue of the mammary gl…
Usual site of fertilisation of ovum
Corpus luteum
Testis
Parenchyma
Fallopian tube
Secretes progesterone during oestrous…
Corpus luteum
Produces testosterone
Testis
Lab#7: Female Reproductive System; EGG PRODUCTION AND PASSAGE
ovary
ovarian ligament
uterine tube
infundibulum
AKA fallopian; comprised of infundibulum, ampulla and isthmus
ovary
ovarian ligament
17 terms
Human Biology - Reproductive Organs, Hormonal Control of Puberty and Sperm Production
Where are sperm produced within the te…
Name the cells in the testes which pro…
Why are the seminal vesicles important
Why is the prostate gland important
Seminiferous Tubules
Interstitial Cells
The seminal vescicles secrete a liquid rich in fructose which…
The prostate gland secrets a lubricating liquid which contain…
Where are sperm produced within the te…
Seminiferous Tubules
Name the cells in the testes which pro…
Interstitial Cells
98 terms
Biology Test Reproduction, Cells, Endocrine System, Cell Production
Ovulation
Females are most fertile When?
Negative Feedback in Menstrual Cycle (…
Length of Menstrual Cycle
One part of the female menstrual cycle whereby a mature ovari…
Day 14 of menstrual cycle-- due to ovulation
Increase in Estrogen/progesterone- ruptured sac- adjustments…
28 days
Ovulation
One part of the female menstrual cycle whereby a mature ovari…
Females are most fertile When?
Day 14 of menstrual cycle-- due to ovulation
41 terms
Module 20: The Reproductive System: Development of Internal Reproductive Organs, Gamete Production, Gestation and Labor.
sex-determining region Y
paramesonephric ducts
gonads
glans area of genital tubercle
SRY gene on the Y chromosome; activation leads to development…
Degenerate in males; develop into the uterine tubes, uterus a…
Analogous structure: ovaries in females, testes in males: pro…
Analogous structures: glans penis and corpora cavernosum in m…
sex-determining region Y
SRY gene on the Y chromosome; activation leads to development…
paramesonephric ducts
Degenerate in males; develop into the uterine tubes, uterus a…
122 terms
9.1 The Cell Cycle and Mitosis, 9.2 Meiosis, 9.3 Gamete Production, 9.4 Asexual Reproduction, 9.5 Sexual Reproduction
somatic cells
the cell cycle
interphase, mitosis, and cytokinesis
interphase
What term describes body cells?
What term describes the growth and reproduction of body cells?
What are the three stages of the cell cycle?
What is the longest part of the cell cycle?
somatic cells
What term describes body cells?
the cell cycle
What term describes the growth and reproduction of body cells?
67 terms
Sheep Exam 1: World and U.S. Sheep Production, Lamb grades, Ultrasound, Marketing, Reproduction
Top producing countries in the world f…
Top sheep meat production
Top sheep meat exports
Top sheep meat imports
1) China... 2) Australia... U.S. = 5.2 million head of sheep (large…
1) China... 2) Australia... U.S.= 73 thousands metric tons... 8.6 mill…
1) Australia... 2) New Zealand... 3) U.K.
1) China... 2) France... 3) U.K.... 4) U.S.
Top producing countries in the world f…
1) China... 2) Australia... U.S. = 5.2 million head of sheep (large…
Top sheep meat production
1) China... 2) Australia... U.S.= 73 thousands metric tons... 8.6 mill…
offspring differences
Uniform offspring are different from d…
Diverse offspring are different from u…
The difference between asexual and sex…
The difference between the advantage o…
the uniform offspring will look identical to the parent
where the offspring differ from each parent and from each other
Asexual offspring are identical to their parent and have one…
offspring can have variety of different traits
Uniform offspring are different from d…
the uniform offspring will look identical to the parent
Diverse offspring are different from u…
where the offspring differ from each parent and from each other
44 terms
parents & offspring
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
pollination
embryo
the production of a new organism from a FEMALE sex cell and a…
the production of new organisms from only one cell.
the transfer of pollen grain to the egg-proucing part of a pl…
a developing organism that results from fertilization
sexual reproduction
the production of a new organism from a FEMALE sex cell and a…
asexual reproduction
the production of new organisms from only one cell.
11 terms
Sexual and Asexual reproduction
Reproduction
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Offspring
The ability to make the next generation.
The process of forming a new individual from a single parent.
The process of forming a new individual from two parents.
The product of reproduction.
Reproduction
The ability to make the next generation.
Asexual reproduction
The process of forming a new individual from a single parent.
Parents and Offspring
sexual reproduction
fertilization
asexual reproduction
pollination
production of a new organism from two parents
the joining of a male sperm cell and a female egg cell to mak…
the production of a new organism from a single parent
the transfer of pollen from a stamen to a pistil
sexual reproduction
production of a new organism from two parents
fertilization
the joining of a male sperm cell and a female egg cell to mak…
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