Study sets matching "term:retrieval+cue = any stimulus linked to a specific memory"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "term:retrieval+cue = any stimulus linked to a specific memory"

Chapter 10-Memory
Memory
Three Stages of Memory
Encoding
Storage
active system that stores, organizes, alters, and recovers in…
encoding, storage, retrieval
converting info into a usable form
holding this info in memory
Memory
active system that stores, organizes, alters, and recovers in…
Three Stages of Memory
encoding, storage, retrieval
11 terms
Memory Retrieval
Implicit Memory
Explicit Memory
Retrieval Cues
Priming
Memories that can affect behavior, but which you are not awar…
Memories that have been processed with attention and can be c…
Indicators that are used to activate a memory
Retrive implicit memories by ____... Providing clues that stimul…
Implicit Memory
Memories that can affect behavior, but which you are not awar…
Explicit Memory
Memories that have been processed with attention and can be c…
29 terms
Chapter 10-Memory
Memory
Three Stages of Memory
Encoding
Storage
active system that stores, organizes, alters, and recovers in…
encoding, storage, retrieval
converting info into a usable form
holding this info in memory
Memory
active system that stores, organizes, alters, and recovers in…
Three Stages of Memory
encoding, storage, retrieval
12 terms
Memory Retrieval
retrieval
recall
recognition
DNMS
the way in which the code or representation is recovered
method of retrieval in which an individual is required to rep…
a method of retrieval in which an individual is required to i…
(Delayed Nonmatching to Sample Task )... --often used with anima…
retrieval
the way in which the code or representation is recovered
recall
method of retrieval in which an individual is required to rep…
Memory Chapter 8: Retrieval
Retrieval
Activation Level
Encoding Specificity Principle
Retrieval Mode
The process of recovering a target memory based on one or mor…
The variable internal state of a memory trace that contribute…
The more similar the cues available at retrieval are to the c…
The cognitive set, or frame of mind, that orients a person to…
Retrieval
The process of recovering a target memory based on one or mor…
Activation Level
The variable internal state of a memory trace that contribute…
19 terms
Chapter 8: Retrieval
Retrieval
Activation Level
Encoding Specificity Principle
Retrieval Mode
The process of recovering a target memory based on one or mor…
The variable internal state of a memory trace that contribute…
The more similar the cues available at retrieval are to the c…
The cognitive set, or frame of mind, that orients a person to…
Retrieval
The process of recovering a target memory based on one or mor…
Activation Level
The variable internal state of a memory trace that contribute…
37 terms
Memory- Encoding, Storage, and Retrieval
Encoding
Acoustic Encoding
Visual Encoding
Semantic Encoding
the first step in memory; information is translated into some…
the encoding of a sound
the encoding of an image or sight
the processing of information into memory according to its me…
Encoding
the first step in memory; information is translated into some…
Acoustic Encoding
the encoding of a sound
27 terms
Ch 8 ~ retrieval
Prefrontal cortex damage
Frontal lobe damage and free recall, c…
Retrieval
Activation level
Hinders recall even for very well learned info across our lif…
Worst with free recall best with recognition recall didn't help
The process of recovering a target memory based on one or mor…
The variable internal state of a memory trace that contribute…
Prefrontal cortex damage
Hinders recall even for very well learned info across our lif…
Frontal lobe damage and free recall, c…
Worst with free recall best with recognition recall didn't help
Understanding Psychology: Chapter 10 Memory
Memory
Three Stages of Memory
Encoding
Storage
active system that stores, organizes, alters, and recovers in…
encoding, storage, retrieval
converting info into a usable form
holding this info in memory
Memory
active system that stores, organizes, alters, and recovers in…
Three Stages of Memory
encoding, storage, retrieval
12 terms
Memory: Retrieval
Retrieval Cues
Recognition
Recall
State Dependent Memory
-any stimulus linked to a memory... -more retrieval cues the mor…
-identify items previously learned... Ex. Multiple Choice
retrieve info. learned... Ex. fill in blank/essay
-better recall when context is the same as when encoded... -bett…
Retrieval Cues
-any stimulus linked to a memory... -more retrieval cues the mor…
Recognition
-identify items previously learned... Ex. Multiple Choice
Explanations for forgetting: Retrieval failure
1.
A lack of cues can cause retrieval fai…
Encoding specificity principle (ESP)3
ESP 4
Retrieval failure due to the absense of cues
When information is initially placed in memory, associated cu…
Tulving (1983) reviewed research into retrieval failure and c…
The closer the retrieval cue is to the original cue, the bett…
1.
Retrieval failure due to the absense of cues
A lack of cues can cause retrieval fai…
When information is initially placed in memory, associated cu…
16 terms
Chapter 8:memory
Short-term memory
Long-term memory
Explicit memory
Implicit memory
Memory that holds a few items breifly before the information…
Relatively permanent storehouse of the memory system
Memory of facts and personal events you can consciously retri…
Retaining learned skills or classically conditioned stuff wit…
Short-term memory
Memory that holds a few items breifly before the information…
Long-term memory
Relatively permanent storehouse of the memory system
Psychology as a Natural Science: CH. 7: Memory
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the nervous system's capacity to acquire and retain skills an…
the processing of information so that it can be stored
the retention of encoded representations over time
act of recalling or remembering stored information when it is…
memory
the nervous system's capacity to acquire and retain skills an…
encoding
the processing of information so that it can be stored
65 terms
Chapter 7: Long-term Memory: Encoding & Retrieval
Long-Term Memory
Encoding
Types of encoding
Maintenance rehearsal
• The process of acquiring information and transferring it in…
• Rehearsal
• Helps maintain information in STM, but it is not an effecti…
Long-Term Memory
Encoding
• The process of acquiring information and transferring it in…
Memory
Memory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
process of getting information into the memory system
retaining of encoded information over time
the process of getting information out of memory storage
Memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
Encoding
process of getting information into the memory system
Memory: Retrieval
Retrieval Cue
Encoding Specificity
State-dependent Learning
Recall
A stimulus for remembering
The tendency for memory of any kind of information to be impr…
The phenomenon through which memory retrieval is most efficie…
Withdraw some aspect of declarative from your long term memor…
Retrieval Cue
A stimulus for remembering
Encoding Specificity
The tendency for memory of any kind of information to be impr…
93 terms
Memory
Maintenance rehearsal
Elaborative rehearsal
Encoding
Storage
A system for transfering information into LTM that involves r…
A memory technique that involves thinking about the meaning o…
The process of converting information into a useable form
The retention of information in memory over time
Maintenance rehearsal
A system for transfering information into LTM that involves r…
Elaborative rehearsal
A memory technique that involves thinking about the meaning o…
Memory
memory
constructive process
encoding
storage
internal record of some prior event or experience
organizing and shaping of information during processing, stor…
translating info into neural codes
retaining neurally coded information over time
memory
internal record of some prior event or experience
constructive process
organizing and shaping of information during processing, stor…
unit 2 - memory
memory
constructive process
info-processing approach
parallel distributed processing model
internal record/representation of some prior event or experie…
organizing/shaping info during processing/storage/retrieval o…
encoding --> storage --> retrieval... like a computer
connectionist model, wide network of interconnected neurons,…
memory
internal record/representation of some prior event or experie…
constructive process
organizing/shaping info during processing/storage/retrieval o…
18 terms
long term memory (encoding and retrieval)
encoding
retrieval
maintenance rehearsal
elaborative rehearsal
the process of acquiring information and transferring it into…
the process of transferring memory from LTM to working memory
rehearsal that involves repetition without any consideration…
rehearsal that involves thinking about the meaning of an item…
encoding
the process of acquiring information and transferring it into…
retrieval
the process of transferring memory from LTM to working memory
Long-Term Memory Encoding & Retrieval
Encoding
Consolidation
Retrieval
Depth (Level) of Processing
Processing information into LTM
Process that transfers new memories into a state in which the…
Process of remembering information that has been stored in LTM
Shallowing Processing: repetition with little attention to me…
Encoding
Processing information into LTM
Consolidation
Process that transfers new memories into a state in which the…
44 terms
Chp 6: Memory
Memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
stores and retrieves info overtime
Function of memory... -process of transforming what we think, pe…
Function of memory... -Process of maintaining memory overtime
Function of memory... -Bring info out that's been encoded and st…
Memory
stores and retrieves info overtime
encoding
Function of memory... -process of transforming what we think, pe…
29 terms
Memory
memory definitions (2)
stages of memory (4)
encoding
storage
-an active system that stores, organizes, alters, and recover…
-external stimuli... -sensory memory... -short term memory... -long te…
transformation of information from one form to another
retention of information over time
memory definitions (2)
-an active system that stores, organizes, alters, and recover…
stages of memory (4)
-external stimuli... -sensory memory... -short term memory... -long te…
20 terms
Chapter 7 Long-Term Memory
levels of processing model
maintenance rehearsal
elaborative rehearsal
schemas
the more deeply an item is encoded, the more meaning it has a…
repeating an item over and over to encode a memory
the encoding of information in a meaningful way by linking it…
cognitive structures that help us perceive, organize, process…
levels of processing model
the more deeply an item is encoded, the more meaning it has a…
maintenance rehearsal
repeating an item over and over to encode a memory
PSYCH 1 - Memory
recall
recognition
acquisition
intentional learning
type of retrieval that requires you to produce an item from m…
type of retrieval that requires you to judge whether you have…
process of gaining new information and placing it in memory
placing new information into memory in anticipation of being…
recall
type of retrieval that requires you to produce an item from m…
recognition
type of retrieval that requires you to judge whether you have…
General Psychology Chapter 7
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the nervous's system's capacity to acquire and retain skills…
processing information so that it can be stored
retention of encoding representations over time
act of recalling or remembering stored information when needed
memory
the nervous's system's capacity to acquire and retain skills…
encoding
processing information so that it can be stored
Psych
Explicit Memory
Effortful
Implicit memory
Automatic processing
Memory of facts and personal events that you can consciously…
Encoding that requires attention and conscious effort
Retaining learned skills for classically conditioned associat…
Unconscious encoding
Explicit Memory
Memory of facts and personal events that you can consciously…
Effortful
Encoding that requires attention and conscious effort
33 terms
Chapter 7: Memory
Encoding (sensory input)
The atkinson-shiffrin model
Echoic memory
Working memory
Converting information into a form in which it will be retain…
Pg 233
A brief continuation of sensory activity in the auditory syst…
another name for short-term memory, especially as it is used…
Encoding (sensory input)
Converting information into a form in which it will be retain…
The atkinson-shiffrin model
Pg 233
AP psych memory
Cognitive interview
Curve of forgetting
Declarative memory
Eidetic imagery
Use of various cues and strategies to improve the memory of e…
A graph that shows the amount of memorized info remembered af…
The part of LTM containing specific factual info
The ability to retain a "projected" mental image long enough…
Cognitive interview
Use of various cues and strategies to improve the memory of e…
Curve of forgetting
A graph that shows the amount of memorized info remembered af…
25 terms
Memory
Encoding specificity
Retrieval
Retrieval cue
Retrieval paths
The hypothesis that when information is stored in memory, it…
The process of searching for a memory and finding it.
A hint or signal that helps one to recall a memory.
the mental connections linking one idea to the next that peop…
Encoding specificity
The hypothesis that when information is stored in memory, it…
Retrieval
The process of searching for a memory and finding it.
Psych Ch. 9
encoding
storing
retrieval
memories are an evolutionary advantage
the transformation of information from one form to another
retention of information in memory
recovery of stored information
increases survival, reduces reaction time
encoding
the transformation of information from one form to another
storing
retention of information in memory
34 terms
Retrieval Ch.8
Target memory/trace
Retrieval cues
Retieval
Associations/links
The memory we are trying to recall
Search terms for a specific memory
Process of recovering a target memory based on cues
Structural connections that link traces of memory that vary i…
Target memory/trace
The memory we are trying to recall
Retrieval cues
Search terms for a specific memory
39 terms
Chapter 8: Memory
recall
recognition
acquisition
intentional learning
a type of retrieval that requires you to produce an item from…
a type of retrieval that requires you to judge whether you ha…
the processes of gaining new information and placing it in me…
placing new information into memory in anticipation of being…
recall
a type of retrieval that requires you to produce an item from…
recognition
a type of retrieval that requires you to judge whether you ha…
Psychology Memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
sensory memory
get info into our brain
retain that info
later get the info back out
immediate, very brief recording
encoding
get info into our brain
storage
retain that info
27 terms
Myers, Psychology in Everyday Life chapter 7
Memory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
process of getting information into the memory system
retaining of encoded information over time
the process of getting information out of memory storage
Memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
Encoding
process of getting information into the memory system
49 terms
Memory Chapter 7
Memory
Encoding
Divided attention
Sustained attention
retention of information over time
process of getting information into our memory banks
Concentrating on more than one activity at the same time
the ability to maintain attention to a selected stimulus for…
Memory
retention of information over time
Encoding
process of getting information into our memory banks
Psychology Memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
sensory memory
get info into our brain
retain that info
later get the info back out
immediate, very brief recording
encoding
get info into our brain
storage
retain that info
50 terms
chapter 7: memory
memory
information processing model
encoding
storage
the nervous system's capacity to retain and retrieve skills a…
psychology's basic model of how the mind remembers things
the processing of information so that it can be stored (infor…
retention of things that were stored over time
memory
the nervous system's capacity to retain and retrieve skills a…
information processing model
psychology's basic model of how the mind remembers things
79 terms
Psych- Memory
hierarchies
concepts
prototypes
semantic networks
systems in which concepts are arranged from more general to m…
mental representations of related things
the most typical examples of concepts
more irreguluar and distorted systems than strict hierarchies…
hierarchies
systems in which concepts are arranged from more general to m…
concepts
mental representations of related things
28 terms
Chapter 7: Memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
sensory memory
processing of information into the memory system-for example,…
the retention of encoded information over time
the process of getting information out of memory storage
immediate, very brief recording of sensory information in the…
encoding
processing of information into the memory system-for example,…
storage
the retention of encoded information over time
6 terms
Memory: Explanations for Forgetting (Retrieval Failure)
Retrieval Failure
Cues
Encoding specificity principle (ESP)
Meaningful cues
A form of forgetting. It occurs when we don't have the necess…
A trigger that enables access to memories.
Tulving - recall is better when the cues that were present wh…
Cue linked to material-to-be-accessed in meaningful way. Othe…
Retrieval Failure
A form of forgetting. It occurs when we don't have the necess…
Cues
A trigger that enables access to memories.
8 terms
Module 25 AP Psychology Quiz
retrieval cues
Priming
Serial Position effect
Ebbinghaus
Any stimulus link to a specific memory
triggering which memories get used; thread of associations th…
Primacy and Recency effects on what is most easily recalled…
studied measure of memory functioning ... more times he rehears…
retrieval cues
Any stimulus link to a specific memory
Priming
triggering which memories get used; thread of associations th…
AP Psych Memory
Hierarchies
Concepts
Prototypes
Semantic networks
systems in which concepts are arranged from more general to m…
mental representations of related things
the most typical examples of a concept
more irregular and distorted systems the strict hierarchies,…
Hierarchies
systems in which concepts are arranged from more general to m…
Concepts
mental representations of related things
32 terms
Interconnections Between Acquisition And Retrieval (Ch. 6)
Encoding Specificity
Retrieval Paths
context-dependent learning
Context Reinstatement
Refers to the idea that you learn more than just the specific…
Connections formed in memory during Learning. "Pathways" used…
A pattern of data in which materials learned in one setting a…
A procedure in which a person is led to to the same mental an…
Encoding Specificity
Refers to the idea that you learn more than just the specific…
Retrieval Paths
Connections formed in memory during Learning. "Pathways" used…
41 terms
Memory
encoding
storage
structural encoding
phonemic encoding
forming a memory code, requires attention
maintaining encoded information in memory overtime
relatively shallow processing that emphasizes the physical st…
what words sound like
encoding
forming a memory code, requires attention
storage
maintaining encoded information in memory overtime
65 terms
Chapter 7: Long-term Memory: Encoding & Retrieval
Long-Term Memory
Encoding
Types of encoding
Maintenance rehearsal
• The process of acquiring information and transferring it in…
• Rehearsal
• Helps maintain information in STM, but it is not an effecti…
Long-Term Memory
Encoding
• The process of acquiring information and transferring it in…
30 terms
Consumer Behavior Chp. 7 Memory and Retrieval
nostalgia marketing
consumer memory
retrieval
sensory memory
bringing up the past to incite memories of "the good times" f…
a personal storehouse of knowledge about products and service…
the process of remembering or accessing what we have stored i…
sensory experiences stored temporarily in memory (echoic and…
nostalgia marketing
bringing up the past to incite memories of "the good times" f…
consumer memory
a personal storehouse of knowledge about products and service…
Unit 7 memory, cognition, and language.
Memory
Information - processing model
Encoding
Storage
the mental system for receiving, encoding, storing, organizin…
cognitive understanding of memory, emphasized how memory is c…
converting information into a form in which it will be retain…
retention of encoded material
Memory
the mental system for receiving, encoding, storing, organizin…
Information - processing model
cognitive understanding of memory, emphasized how memory is c…
29 terms
cognitive psychology connecting mind, research and everyday experience Ch: 7 Long-term memory: Encoding, Retrieval, and Consolidation
encoding (180)
retrieval (180)
maintenance rehearsal (180)
elaborative rehearsal (180)
*the process of acquiring information and transferring it int…
*process of transferring information from LTM to working memory
*if you do without any consideration of meaning or making con…
*finding a way to relate to something meaningful ... *being able…
encoding (180)
*the process of acquiring information and transferring it int…
retrieval (180)
*process of transferring information from LTM to working memory
19 terms
Human Memory Chpater 8
Retrieval
Activation level
Encoding specificity principle
Retrieval mode
process of recovering a target memory based on one or more cu…
the variable internal state of a memory trace that contribute…
the more similar the cues available at retrieval are to the c…
the cognitive set, or frame of mind, that orients a person to…
Retrieval
process of recovering a target memory based on one or more cu…
Activation level
the variable internal state of a memory trace that contribute…
1 of 10