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Study sets matching "term:retrieval+cue = any stimulus linked to a specific memory"

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Study sets matching "term:retrieval+cue = any stimulus linked to a specific memory"

28 terms
Chapter 10-Memory
Memory
Three Stages of Memory
Encoding
Storage
active system that stores, organizes, alters, and recovers in…
encoding, storage, retrieval
converting info into a usable form
holding this info in memory
Memory
active system that stores, organizes, alters, and recovers in…
Three Stages of Memory
encoding, storage, retrieval
29 terms
Chapter 10-Memory
Memory
Three Stages of Memory
Encoding
Storage
active system that stores, organizes, alters, and recovers in…
encoding, storage, retrieval
converting info into a usable form
holding this info in memory
Memory
active system that stores, organizes, alters, and recovers in…
Three Stages of Memory
encoding, storage, retrieval
10 terms
Memory
Elaborative rehearsal
Procedural
Declarative
Semantic memory
links new information with existing memories and knowledge in…
LTM of conditioned responses and learned skills (e.g. driving)
part of LTM that contains factual information
impersonal facts and everyday knowledge
Elaborative rehearsal
links new information with existing memories and knowledge in…
Procedural
LTM of conditioned responses and learned skills (e.g. driving)
93 terms
Memory
Maintenance rehearsal
Elaborative rehearsal
Encoding
Storage
A system for transfering information into LTM that involves r…
A memory technique that involves thinking about the meaning o…
The process of converting information into a useable form
The retention of information in memory over time
Maintenance rehearsal
A system for transfering information into LTM that involves r…
Elaborative rehearsal
A memory technique that involves thinking about the meaning o…
11 terms
Memory Retrieval
Implicit Memory
Explicit Memory
Retrieval Cues
Priming
Memories that can affect behavior, but which you are not awar…
Memories that have been processed with attention and can be c…
Indicators that are used to activate a memory
Retrive implicit memories by ____... Providing clues that stimul…
Implicit Memory
Memories that can affect behavior, but which you are not awar…
Explicit Memory
Memories that have been processed with attention and can be c…
12 terms
Memory Retrieval
retrieval
recall
recognition
DNMS
the way in which the code or representation is recovered
method of retrieval in which an individual is required to rep…
a method of retrieval in which an individual is required to i…
(Delayed Nonmatching to Sample Task )... --often used with anima…
retrieval
the way in which the code or representation is recovered
recall
method of retrieval in which an individual is required to rep…
29 terms
Understanding Psychology: Chapter 10 Memory
Memory
Three Stages of Memory
Encoding
Storage
active system that stores, organizes, alters, and recovers in…
encoding, storage, retrieval
converting info into a usable form
holding this info in memory
Memory
active system that stores, organizes, alters, and recovers in…
Three Stages of Memory
encoding, storage, retrieval
8 terms
Module 25 AP Psychology Quiz
retrieval cues
Priming
Serial Position effect
Ebbinghaus
Any stimulus link to a specific memory
triggering which memories get used; thread of associations th…
Primacy and Recency effects on what is most easily recalled…
studied measure of memory functioning ... more times he rehears…
retrieval cues
Any stimulus link to a specific memory
Priming
triggering which memories get used; thread of associations th…
19 terms
Chapter 8: Retrieval
Retrieval
Activation Level
Encoding Specificity Principle
Retrieval Mode
The process of recovering a target memory based on one or mor…
The variable internal state of a memory trace that contribute…
The more similar the cues available at retrieval are to the c…
The cognitive set, or frame of mind, that orients a person to…
Retrieval
The process of recovering a target memory based on one or mor…
Activation Level
The variable internal state of a memory trace that contribute…
29 terms
cognitive psychology connecting mind, research and everyday experience Ch: 7 Long-term memory: Encoding, Retrieval, and Consolidation
encoding (180)
retrieval (180)
maintenance rehearsal (180)
elaborative rehearsal (180)
*the process of acquiring information and transferring it int…
*process of transferring information from LTM to working memory
*if you do without any consideration of meaning or making con…
*finding a way to relate to something meaningful ... *being able…
encoding (180)
*the process of acquiring information and transferring it int…
retrieval (180)
*process of transferring information from LTM to working memory
16 terms
Chapter 8:memory
Short-term memory
Long-term memory
Explicit memory
Implicit memory
Memory that holds a few items breifly before the information…
Relatively permanent storehouse of the memory system
Memory of facts and personal events you can consciously retri…
Retaining learned skills or classically conditioned stuff wit…
Short-term memory
Memory that holds a few items breifly before the information…
Long-term memory
Relatively permanent storehouse of the memory system
9 terms
Psych
Explicit Memory
Effortful
Implicit memory
Automatic processing
Memory of facts and personal events that you can consciously…
Encoding that requires attention and conscious effort
Retaining learned skills for classically conditioned associat…
Unconscious encoding
Explicit Memory
Memory of facts and personal events that you can consciously…
Effortful
Encoding that requires attention and conscious effort
26 terms
Reliability of Memory
Recall
Free recall
Serial recall
Cued recall
involves reproducing information stored in memory.
involves reproducing as much information as possible in no pa…
involves reproducing information in the order in which it was…
involves the use of specific prompts ('cues') to aid retrieva…
Recall
involves reproducing information stored in memory.
Free recall
involves reproducing as much information as possible in no pa…
49 terms
General Psychology Chapter 7
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the nervous's system's capacity to acquire and retain skills…
processing information so that it can be stored
retention of encoding representations over time
act of recalling or remembering stored information when needed
memory
the nervous's system's capacity to acquire and retain skills…
encoding
processing information so that it can be stored
61 terms
unit 2 - memory
memory
constructive process
info-processing approach
parallel distributed processing model
internal record/representation of some prior event or experie…
organizing/shaping info during processing/storage/retrieval o…
encoding --> storage --> retrieval... like a computer
connectionist model, wide network of interconnected neurons,…
memory
internal record/representation of some prior event or experie…
constructive process
organizing/shaping info during processing/storage/retrieval o…
31 terms
Minter/Elmhorst Psychology - Cognition: Modules 23 Memory
memory
encoding
retrieval
storage
The persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
The processing of information into the memory system.
the process of getting information out of memory storage
The retention of encoded information over time.
memory
The persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
The processing of information into the memory system.
37 terms
Memory- Encoding, Storage, and Retrieval
Encoding
Acoustic Encoding
Visual Encoding
Semantic Encoding
the first step in memory; information is translated into some…
the encoding of a sound
the encoding of an image or sight
the processing of information into memory according to its me…
Encoding
the first step in memory; information is translated into some…
Acoustic Encoding
the encoding of a sound
20 terms
Chapter 7 Long-Term Memory
levels of processing model
maintenance rehearsal
elaborative rehearsal
schemas
the more deeply an item is encoded, the more meaning it has a…
repeating an item over and over to encode a memory
the encoding of information in a meaningful way by linking it…
cognitive structures that help us perceive, organize, process…
levels of processing model
the more deeply an item is encoded, the more meaning it has a…
maintenance rehearsal
repeating an item over and over to encode a memory
39 terms
PSYCH 1 - Memory
recall
recognition
acquisition
intentional learning
type of retrieval that requires you to produce an item from m…
type of retrieval that requires you to judge whether you have…
process of gaining new information and placing it in memory
placing new information into memory in anticipation of being…
recall
type of retrieval that requires you to produce an item from m…
recognition
type of retrieval that requires you to judge whether you have…
Psych Ch. 9
encoding
storing
retrieval
memories are an evolutionary advantage
the transformation of information from one form to another
retention of information in memory
recovery of stored information
increases survival, reduces reaction time
encoding
the transformation of information from one form to another
storing
retention of information in memory
Psychology as a Natural Science: CH. 7: Memory
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the nervous system's capacity to acquire and retain skills an…
the processing of information so that it can be stored
the retention of encoded representations over time
act of recalling or remembering stored information when it is…
memory
the nervous system's capacity to acquire and retain skills an…
encoding
the processing of information so that it can be stored
63 terms
Memory
memory
constructive process
encoding
storage
internal record of some prior event or experience
organizing and shaping of information during processing, stor…
translating info into neural codes
retaining neurally coded information over time
memory
internal record of some prior event or experience
constructive process
organizing and shaping of information during processing, stor…
27 terms
Memory
Memory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
process of getting information into the memory system
retaining of encoded information over time
the process of getting information out of memory storage
Memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
Encoding
process of getting information into the memory system
27 terms
Myers, Psychology in Everyday Life chapter 7
Memory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
process of getting information into the memory system
retaining of encoded information over time
the process of getting information out of memory storage
Memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
Encoding
process of getting information into the memory system
40 terms
AP psych memory
Cognitive interview
Curve of forgetting
Declarative memory
Eidetic imagery
Use of various cues and strategies to improve the memory of e…
A graph that shows the amount of memorized info remembered af…
The part of LTM containing specific factual info
The ability to retain a "projected" mental image long enough…
Cognitive interview
Use of various cues and strategies to improve the memory of e…
Curve of forgetting
A graph that shows the amount of memorized info remembered af…
27 terms
Ch 8 ~ retrieval
Prefrontal cortex damage
Frontal lobe damage and free recall, c…
Retrieval
Activation level
Hinders recall even for very well learned info across our lif…
Worst with free recall best with recognition recall didn't help
The process of recovering a target memory based on one or mor…
The variable internal state of a memory trace that contribute…
Prefrontal cortex damage
Hinders recall even for very well learned info across our lif…
Frontal lobe damage and free recall, c…
Worst with free recall best with recognition recall didn't help
44 terms
Chp 6: Memory
Memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
stores and retrieves info overtime
Function of memory... -process of transforming what we think, pe…
Function of memory... -Process of maintaining memory overtime
Function of memory... -Bring info out that's been encoded and st…
Memory
stores and retrieves info overtime
encoding
Function of memory... -process of transforming what we think, pe…
33 terms
Chapter 7: Memory
Encoding (sensory input)
The atkinson-shiffrin model
Echoic memory
Working memory
Converting information into a form in which it will be retain…
Pg 233
A brief continuation of sensory activity in the auditory syst…
another name for short-term memory, especially as it is used…
Encoding (sensory input)
Converting information into a form in which it will be retain…
The atkinson-shiffrin model
Pg 233
39 terms
Chapter 8: Memory
recall
recognition
acquisition
intentional learning
a type of retrieval that requires you to produce an item from…
a type of retrieval that requires you to judge whether you ha…
the processes of gaining new information and placing it in me…
placing new information into memory in anticipation of being…
recall
a type of retrieval that requires you to produce an item from…
recognition
a type of retrieval that requires you to judge whether you ha…
25 terms
Memory
Encoding specificity
Retrieval
Retrieval cue
Retrieval paths
The hypothesis that when information is stored in memory, it…
The process of searching for a memory and finding it.
A hint or signal that helps one to recall a memory.
the mental connections linking one idea to the next that peop…
Encoding specificity
The hypothesis that when information is stored in memory, it…
Retrieval
The process of searching for a memory and finding it.
29 terms
Consumer Behavior Ch. 7
Consumer Memory
Retrieval
Sensory Memory
Echoic Memory
A personal storehouse of knowledge about products and service…
The process of remembering or accessing what we have stored i…
Sensory experiences stored temporarily in the memory
Very brief memory for things we hear
Consumer Memory
A personal storehouse of knowledge about products and service…
Retrieval
The process of remembering or accessing what we have stored i…
12 terms
psych- memory (DP4)
recall
free recall
serial recall
cued recall
measure of retention that requires the person to recover stor…
involved on a task... participants are required to retrieve as m…
recall information in the order it is presented
uses various prompts to assist the retrieval process
recall
measure of retention that requires the person to recover stor…
free recall
involved on a task... participants are required to retrieve as m…
19 terms
Chap.7: Memory
memory
components of memory
encoding
attention
learning that has persisted over time; info that is stored an…
encoding- getting info into the brain... storage- retain that in…
the process of acquiring new info and transferring it into me…
focusing awareness on a narrowed range of stimuli or events.…
memory
learning that has persisted over time; info that is stored an…
components of memory
encoding- getting info into the brain... storage- retain that in…
50 terms
chapter 7: memory
memory
information processing model
encoding
storage
the nervous system's capacity to retain and retrieve skills a…
psychology's basic model of how the mind remembers things
the processing of information so that it can be stored (infor…
retention of things that were stored over time
memory
the nervous system's capacity to retain and retrieve skills a…
information processing model
psychology's basic model of how the mind remembers things
32 terms
Interconnections Between Acquisition And Retrieval (Ch. 6)
Encoding Specificity
Retrieval Paths
context-dependent learning
Context Reinstatement
Refers to the idea that you learn more than just the specific…
Connections formed in memory during Learning. "Pathways" used…
A pattern of data in which materials learned in one setting a…
A procedure in which a person is led to to the same mental an…
Encoding Specificity
Refers to the idea that you learn more than just the specific…
Retrieval Paths
Connections formed in memory during Learning. "Pathways" used…
Long-Term Memory Encoding & Retrieval
Encoding
Consolidation
Retrieval
Depth (Level) of Processing
Processing information into LTM
Process that transfers new memories into a state in which the…
Process of remembering information that has been stored in LTM
Shallowing Processing: repetition with little attention to me…
Encoding
Processing information into LTM
Consolidation
Process that transfers new memories into a state in which the…
7 terms
Psychology 1A: Chapter 7.4 Vocabulary
recall
recognition
relearning
priming
memory demonstrated by retrieving information learned earlier…
memory demonstrated by identifying items previously learned,…
memory demonstrated by time saved when learning material a se…
activating, often unconsciously, associations in our mind, th…
recall
memory demonstrated by retrieving information learned earlier…
recognition
memory demonstrated by identifying items previously learned,…
29 terms
Chapter 7 Memory
Memory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
The persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
The process of getting information into the memory system
The retaining of coded information over time
The process of getting information out of memory storage
Memory
The persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
Encoding
The process of getting information into the memory system
61 terms
Chapter 7 Long-term Memory: Encoding, retrieval, and consolidation
Getting Information into LMT
Encoding
Retrieval
Maintenance Rehearsal
Encoding ... Retrieval... Maintenance Rehearsal ... Elaborative rehear…
acquiring information and transforming it into memory
transferring information from LMT to working memory
Repetition of a stimuli but does not transfer it to LTM
Getting Information into LMT
Encoding ... Retrieval... Maintenance Rehearsal ... Elaborative rehear…
Encoding
acquiring information and transforming it into memory
65 terms
Chapter 7: Long-term Memory: Encoding & Retrieval
Long-Term Memory
Encoding
Types of encoding
Maintenance rehearsal
• The process of acquiring information and transferring it in…
• Rehearsal
• Helps maintain information in STM, but it is not an effecti…
Long-Term Memory
Encoding
• The process of acquiring information and transferring it in…
38 terms
GIP Chapter 8: Memory
recall
recognition
acquisition
intentional learning
A type of retrieval that requires you to produce an item from…
A type of retrieval that requires you to judge whether you ha…
The processes of gaining new information and placing it in me…
Placing new information into memory in anticipation of being…
recall
A type of retrieval that requires you to produce an item from…
recognition
A type of retrieval that requires you to judge whether you ha…
41 terms
Memory
encoding
storage
structural encoding
phonemic encoding
forming a memory code, requires attention
maintaining encoded information in memory overtime
relatively shallow processing that emphasizes the physical st…
what words sound like
encoding
forming a memory code, requires attention
storage
maintaining encoded information in memory overtime
28 terms
Chapter 7: Memory
Memory
Encoding
Storage
Retreival
The persistance of learning over time through the encoding, s…
The process of getting info into the memory system
Retaining of encoded info over time
The process of getting info out of memory storage
Memory
The persistance of learning over time through the encoding, s…
Encoding
The process of getting info into the memory system
25 terms
Memory Vocab
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
Sensory memory
The processing of information into the memory system
The retention of credit information over time
The process of getting information out of memory storage
The immediate relief recording of sensory information
Encoding
The processing of information into the memory system
Storage
The retention of credit information over time
12 terms
Memory: Retrieval
Retrieval Cues
Recognition
Recall
State Dependent Memory
-any stimulus linked to a memory... -more retrieval cues the mor…
-identify items previously learned... Ex. Multiple Choice
retrieve info. learned... Ex. fill in blank/essay
-better recall when context is the same as when encoded... -bett…
Retrieval Cues
-any stimulus linked to a memory... -more retrieval cues the mor…
Recognition
-identify items previously learned... Ex. Multiple Choice
32 terms
Memory
Memory
Information processing
Encoding
Automatic encoding
The storage and retrieval of information acquired through lea…
1. Encoding... - automatic... - effortful... 2. Storage... 3. Retrieval
Converting information to a useable form or code so it can en…
Information that is encoded without deliberate mental effort
Memory
The storage and retrieval of information acquired through lea…
Information processing
1. Encoding... - automatic... - effortful... 2. Storage... 3. Retrieval
35 terms
Psychology- Memory
Memory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
Is the process in which information is encoded, stored and re…
Get information into our brain
Retain that information
Later get the information back out
Memory
Is the process in which information is encoded, stored and re…
Encoding
Get information into our brain
61 terms
Chapter 7 Long-term Memory: Encoding, retrieval, and consolidation
Getting Information into LMT
Encoding
Retrieval
Maintenance Rehearsal
Encoding ... Retrieval... Maintenance Rehearsal ... Elaborative rehear…
acquiring information and transforming it into memory
transferring information from LMT to working memory
Repetition of a stimuli but does not transfer it to LTM
Getting Information into LMT
Encoding ... Retrieval... Maintenance Rehearsal ... Elaborative rehear…
Encoding
acquiring information and transforming it into memory
47 terms
Memory
Memory
Encoding
Storage
Consolidation
Nervous systems ability to collect information, skills and kn…
Transformation of information into neural code that can be st…
Change in nervous system that leads to storing of new experie…
Creating of neural connections when memories are formed- stre…
Memory
Nervous systems ability to collect information, skills and kn…
Encoding
Transformation of information into neural code that can be st…
19 terms
Human Memory Chpater 8
Retrieval
Activation level
Encoding specificity principle
Retrieval mode
process of recovering a target memory based on one or more cu…
the variable internal state of a memory trace that contribute…
the more similar the cues available at retrieval are to the c…
the cognitive set, or frame of mind, that orients a person to…
Retrieval
process of recovering a target memory based on one or more cu…
Activation level
the variable internal state of a memory trace that contribute…
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