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Study sets matching "term:scoliosis = which of the following is an abnormal lateral curvature of the vertebral column often seen in the thoracic region?"

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Study sets matching "term:scoliosis = which of the following is an abnormal lateral curvature of the vertebral column often seen in the thoracic region?"

Vertebral column curvature
Primary Curvature
Secondary Curvature
Curves
Abnormal curvatures
C-shaped in the early embryo with concavity anterior; this cu…
As the infant learns to hold up its head and to walk, the cer…
Are results of an anterior/posterior difference in thickness…
Kyphosis ... Lordosis ... Scoliosis
Primary Curvature
C-shaped in the early embryo with concavity anterior; this cu…
Secondary Curvature
As the infant learns to hold up its head and to walk, the cer…
39 terms
Vertebral Column
72-75 centimeters... ~ 2.5 feet
cranium, apex of coccyx
vertabrae
Flexibility
Length of vertebral column
Vertebral column extends from ______ to _______.
singular vertebra
_______ due to make up of many relatively small bones(vertabr…
72-75 centimeters... ~ 2.5 feet
Length of vertebral column
cranium, apex of coccyx
Vertebral column extends from ______ to _______.
33 terms
Vertebral Column
Purpose of the Vertebral Column
Vertebral Column Make-up
Lumbosacral Angle
Sacrum
1) Protects the spinal cord and spinal nerves, 2) Supports th…
33 vertebrae arranged in 5 regions: 7 Cervical, 12 Thoracic,…
located at the junction of the lumbar region of the vertebral…
5 sacral vertebrae; fused together in adults
Purpose of the Vertebral Column
1) Protects the spinal cord and spinal nerves, 2) Supports th…
Vertebral Column Make-up
33 vertebrae arranged in 5 regions: 7 Cervical, 12 Thoracic,…
Anatomy of the Vertebral Column and a Typical Vertebra
Vertebrae
Provides a flexible supporting column…
Spinal canal
Spinal cord
The many bones that composes the vertebral column. It provide…
The functions of the vertebral column
Begins at the base of the skull and follows the various curve…
Begins with the medulla oblongata of the brain, passes throug…
Vertebrae
The many bones that composes the vertebral column. It provide…
Provides a flexible supporting column…
The functions of the vertebral column
68 terms
Anatomy Lecture 1: Vertebral Column and the Muscles of the Back
Vertebral column in adult typically co…
What are the regions that the vertebra…
vertebral foramen
Cervical vertebrae
33 vertebrae arranged in 5 regions
Cervical (7), Thoracic (12), Lumbar (5), Sacral (5), Coccygea…
All vertebrae have a vertebral foramen that surrounds and pro…
have transverse foramen for vertebral artery
Vertebral column in adult typically co…
33 vertebrae arranged in 5 regions
What are the regions that the vertebra…
Cervical (7), Thoracic (12), Lumbar (5), Sacral (5), Coccygea…
111 terms
anatomy lecture 13
axial skeleton
7
12
thoracic, sometimes L1 or C7
which skeleton system is the vertebral column a part of?
no. of cervical vertebra
no. of thoracic vertebra
which vertebrae have ribs extending from them?
axial skeleton
which skeleton system is the vertebral column a part of?
7
no. of cervical vertebra
49 terms
Cervical and Thoracic Spine Chapter 8
Vertebral Column
Vertebral Column
Spinal Canal
Spinal Cord
Provides flexible supporting column for the trunk and head, t…
Located: Midsagital plane... Forming the posterior or dorsal as…
Follows the various curves of the spinal column, begins at th…
Enclosed and protected by the spinal cord... Begins w/the Medul…
Vertebral Column
Provides flexible supporting column for the trunk and head, t…
Vertebral Column
Located: Midsagital plane... Forming the posterior or dorsal as…
23 terms
Bones of the Vertebral Column and Thorax
Vertebral Foramen
Transverse Foramen
Dens Process
Intervertebral Foramen
Space through which the spinal cord passes
Gives passage to the vertebral artery
Allows the head and neck to rotate
Allows the nerves to leave the spine and extend to other part…
Vertebral Foramen
Space through which the spinal cord passes
Transverse Foramen
Gives passage to the vertebral artery
41 terms
Axial Skeleton: Vertebral column and Thoracic cage
24 plus fused sacrum and coccyx
7
12
5
Number of bones in vertebral column
number of vertebrae in cervical region
number of vertebrae in thoracic region
number of vertebrae in lumbar region
24 plus fused sacrum and coccyx
Number of bones in vertebral column
7
number of vertebrae in cervical region
49 terms
Cervical and Thoracic Spine Chapter 8
Vertebral Column
Vertebral Column
Spinal Canal
Spinal Cord
Provides flexible supporting column for the trunk and head, t…
Located: Midsagital plane... Forming the posterior or dorsal as…
Follows the various curves of the spinal column, begins at th…
Enclosed and protected by the spinal cord... Begins w/the Medul…
Vertebral Column
Provides flexible supporting column for the trunk and head, t…
Vertebral Column
Located: Midsagital plane... Forming the posterior or dorsal as…
98 terms
Vertebral Column
Vertebral Column
Spinal curvatures
Primary curves
Secondary curves
26 bones divided into regions ... 24 individual vertebrae ... - 7…
- Spinal curvatures better support the weight of the body whe…
- Are thoracic and sacral curvatures ... - Appear late in fetal…
- The cervical and lumbar curvatures ... - appear after birth ... -…
Vertebral Column
26 bones divided into regions ... 24 individual vertebrae ... - 7…
Spinal curvatures
- Spinal curvatures better support the weight of the body whe…
51 terms
Back: Vertebral column and muscles
Saggital plane
Coronal plane
Transverse plane
Function of vertebral column
Divide left and right halves
Divide anterior/posterior (ventral/dorsal)
Divide superior/inferior
1) protect spinal cord... 2) bear weight of upper body... 3) movement
Saggital plane
Divide left and right halves
Coronal plane
Divide anterior/posterior (ventral/dorsal)
145 terms
Anatomy Quiz 4/11
vertebral column aka
vertebral column consists of how many…
the vertebral column is NOT
vertebral columns transmits
spine/spinal column
26 irregular bones
a rigid supporting rod
weight of trunk to lower limbs
vertebral column aka
spine/spinal column
vertebral column consists of how many…
26 irregular bones
87 terms
Back (vertebral column joints and ligaments)
The typical adult has _____ vertebra a…
How many vertebra are in each region o…
why is the pre-sacral vertebral column…
What kind of joints are in-between the…
33 vertebra arranged in 5 regions
7 cervical... 12 thoracic... 5 lumbar... 5 sacral... 4 coccygeal
because it consists of vertebra joined together by semi-rigid…
synovial zygapophysial joints
The typical adult has _____ vertebra a…
33 vertebra arranged in 5 regions
How many vertebra are in each region o…
7 cervical... 12 thoracic... 5 lumbar... 5 sacral... 4 coccygeal
15 terms
7.11
supports the head, neck, and trunk, he…
during development, the vertebral colu…
as a result of bone fusion, the adult…
what are the five regions of the spine
vertebral column (spine)
33
26
cervical 7... thoracic 12... lumbar 5... sacrum 5... coccyx 4
supports the head, neck, and trunk, he…
vertebral column (spine)
during development, the vertebral colu…
33
43 terms
5.2- Vertebral column & Back
The vertebral column (spine) is arrang…
Which group is not a part of the verte…
The sacrum and what other structure in…
Why do vertebrae above the sacrum incr…
(7) Cervical... (12) Thoracic... (5) Lumbar... (5) Sacral... (3-4) Coccyg…
Cervical; found in the neck
Coccyx; is small and indistinct whereas the sacrum is large a…
Weight bearing; vertebrae are designed for weight bearing whi…
The vertebral column (spine) is arrang…
(7) Cervical... (12) Thoracic... (5) Lumbar... (5) Sacral... (3-4) Coccyg…
Which group is not a part of the verte…
Cervical; found in the neck
121 terms
Axial 2nd part
Vertebral column (spine)
Vertebrate
7 cervical
12 thoracic
composed of average 33 bones
33 bones;are classified based on their structure
Located in neck, fourth cervical vertebra is abbreviated c4
articulate with ribs , 11 thoracic vertebra is abbreviated T11
Vertebral column (spine)
composed of average 33 bones
Vertebrate
33 bones;are classified based on their structure
253 terms
Chapter 9 Thorax muscles and Vertebrae
Number of Cervical Vertebrae
Number of Thoracic Vertebrae
Number of Lumbar Vertebrae
Number of Sacral Vertebrae
C1-C7
T1-T12
L1-L5
S1-S5 (five segments)
Number of Cervical Vertebrae
C1-C7
Number of Thoracic Vertebrae
T1-T12
30 terms
Chapter 5: The Vertebral Column (spine)
how vertebral bones are there?
how are the 26 bones divided?
concave vs. convex spine
primary vs. secondary curvatures
26 vertebral bones, the surround and protect the spinal cord,…
7 (breakfast) cervical vertebrae, 12 (lunch) thoracic vertebr…
cervical & lumbar curvatures: concave... thoracic & sacral curva…
primary curvatures are present and developed at birth, while…
how vertebral bones are there?
26 vertebral bones, the surround and protect the spinal cord,…
how are the 26 bones divided?
7 (breakfast) cervical vertebrae, 12 (lunch) thoracic vertebr…
66 terms
spine/ thoracic cage part 1
common name for vertebral column
3 functions of vertebral column
how would u describe the structure of…
how many vertebrae in an adult
spine/ spinal column
transmits weight of trunk to lower limbs, protects spinal cor…
flexible curved
26
common name for vertebral column
spine/ spinal column
3 functions of vertebral column
transmits weight of trunk to lower limbs, protects spinal cor…
142 terms
[Elephant] Trunk
The vertebral column contains how many…
There are XX combinations of fused ver…
Types of unfused vertebrae and numbers
Types of fused vertebrae and nmbers
24 unfused
2
cervical--7... thoracic--12... lumbar--5
sacral--5 (fused as sacrum)... coccygeal--4 (fused as coccyx; ca…
The vertebral column contains how many…
24 unfused
There are XX combinations of fused ver…
2
46 terms
A&P bones of the axial skeleton- VERTEBRAL COLUMN
Anteriorly concave
Anteriorly concave
primary curvatures
posteriorly concave
curve opens to the front
thoracic and sacral curves
thoracic and sacral curves
curve opens to the back
Anteriorly concave
curve opens to the front
Anteriorly concave
thoracic and sacral curves
32 terms
Axial.Vertebral Column
7
12
5
lumbar
Number bones in cervical vertebrae
Number bones in thoracic vertebrae
Number bones in lumbar vertebrae
The _____ region develops as a baby begins to walk
7
Number bones in cervical vertebrae
12
Number bones in thoracic vertebrae
59 terms
The Vertebral Column
vertebral column
in the neck region
7 cervical vertebrae; C1-C7
the ribs
the body's primary support throughout the thoracic and abdomi…
where is the cervical vertebrae?
how many cervical vertebrae are there? and what are the abbre…
what attaches to the thoracic vertebrae?
vertebral column
the body's primary support throughout the thoracic and abdomi…
in the neck region
where is the cervical vertebrae?
42 terms
Bio 213: ch 7
vertebral column
26
cervical
thoracic
supports head/trunk weight; protects spinal cord; allows spin…
total number of bones in the adult vertebral column
consists of 7 vertebrae; anterior curvature
consists of 12 vertebrae; posterior curvature
vertebral column
supports head/trunk weight; protects spinal cord; allows spin…
26
total number of bones in the adult vertebral column
99 terms
Vertebral Column
1st Sacral Vertebra
Kyphosis
Lordosis
Cervical Curve
Largest vertebra
Bent / Hunchbacked (etymology)
Bent Backwards (etymology)
Becomes evident when the infant raises its head
1st Sacral Vertebra
Largest vertebra
Kyphosis
Bent / Hunchbacked (etymology)
187 terms
The Back and Upper Limb - Bones and Muscles of the Axial Skeleton
The axial skeleton forms the
The axial skeleton consists of (3)
includes cervical, thoracic and lumbar…
consists of sternum plus 12 pairs of r…
central axis of the body
skull... vertebral column ... rib cage
vertebral column
rib cage
The axial skeleton forms the
central axis of the body
The axial skeleton consists of (3)
skull... vertebral column ... rib cage
35 terms
Back and Vertebral Column (Vertebral Column and Joints)
Functions of the vertebral column
Body of vertebral column
Vertebral foramen
How many cervical vertebrae does the v…
Maintains posture, absorbs shock and transmit body weight, as…
Large anterior portion, becomes larger as they progress infer…
opening for the spinal cord
7
Functions of the vertebral column
Maintains posture, absorbs shock and transmit body weight, as…
Body of vertebral column
Large anterior portion, becomes larger as they progress infer…
40 terms
anatomy: vertebral column and thoracic cage
hyoid bone
fontanels
vertebral column (spine)
vertebrae
not technically part of the skull because it is the only bone…
fibrous membranes that connect cranial bones in a fetal skull
serves as the axial support of the body, extends from the sku…
individual bones in the spinal column
hyoid bone
not technically part of the skull because it is the only bone…
fontanels
fibrous membranes that connect cranial bones in a fetal skull
16 terms
Vertebral Curvature
Viewed from the side, the vertebral co…
vertebral curves are discussed in refe…
when viewed posteriorly, the normal lu…
the cervical and lumbar curves, which…
the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and pelvic
convex anteriorly, or concave anteriorly
concave posteriorly
lordotic curves
Viewed from the side, the vertebral co…
the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and pelvic
vertebral curves are discussed in refe…
convex anteriorly, or concave anteriorly
Anatomy spine
The functions of vertebral column
Composition of vertebral column
Osteoprosis
Vertebral level
1.Encloses and protects the spinal cord... 2.supports the head a…
The VC comprises 33 vertebrae and the intervertebral disks wh…
Degenerative disease of the skeleton in which the rate of rea…
Within each region, individual vertebrae are identified by nu…
The functions of vertebral column
1.Encloses and protects the spinal cord... 2.supports the head a…
Composition of vertebral column
The VC comprises 33 vertebrae and the intervertebral disks wh…
37 terms
Scoliosis
The gonion corresponds to the level of…
The normal curvature of the lower spin…
Bending images are taken to demonstrat…
To demonstrate the degree of mobility…
c) C3
False
Degree of mobility of the vertebrae
a) hyperextension and hyerflexion examinations
The gonion corresponds to the level of…
c) C3
The normal curvature of the lower spin…
False
10 terms
Diseases
Bursitis
Carpel tunnel
Herniated disc
Kyphosis
occurs when bursae become inflamed.
hand and arm condition that causes numbness, tingling and oth…
annulus fibrosus of the vertebral disc is torn,
Excessive posterior curvate of the thoracic vertebral column…
Bursitis
occurs when bursae become inflamed.
Carpel tunnel
hand and arm condition that causes numbness, tingling and oth…
32 terms
Vertebral Column Definitions/Terms
7
12
5
lumbar
Number bones in cervical vertebrae
Number bones in thoracic vertebrae
Number bones in lumbar vertebrae
The _____ region develops as a baby begins to walk
7
Number bones in cervical vertebrae
12
Number bones in thoracic vertebrae
45 terms
The Spine
medulla oblongata
conus medullaris
L3-L4
intervertebral disks
Where the spinal cord begins.
The point where the spinal cord tapers off.
Most common site for a lumbar puncture
Tough fibrocartilaginous disks that separate vertebrae. Allow…
medulla oblongata
Where the spinal cord begins.
conus medullaris
The point where the spinal cord tapers off.
11 terms
Postural Abnormalities of the Vertebral Column
Concepts
Structures on each side
Vertebral Curves
What is Proper Posture
- Convex is the reference side of a curve
Convex: long, loose, and weak... Concave: short, tight, and strong
Cervical: anterior... Thoracic: Posterior... Lumbar: Anterior
Anterior superior iliac spines are the same level as the post…
Concepts
- Convex is the reference side of a curve
Structures on each side
Convex: long, loose, and weak... Concave: short, tight, and strong
191 terms
RAD- Pro 2 ch.8 Cervical & Thoracic Spine
The number of Cervical bones in the ad…
The number of Thoracic bones in the ad…
The number of Lumbar bones in the adul…
Total number of bones in the adult ver…
7
12
5
26
The number of Cervical bones in the ad…
7
The number of Thoracic bones in the ad…
12
99 terms
02a Anatomy Vertebral Column
1st Sacral Vertebra
Kyphosis
Lordosis
Cervical Curve
Largest vertebra
Bent / Hunchbacked (etymology)
Bent Backwards (etymology)
Becomes evident when the infant raises its head
1st Sacral Vertebra
Largest vertebra
Kyphosis
Bent / Hunchbacked (etymology)
30 terms
SSS 6) Vertebral column
33
7 cervical... 12 thoracic... 5 lumbar... 5 sacr…
Cervical lordosis... Thoracic kyphosis... Lu…
Kyphoses
No. of vertebrae
No. of vertebrae in each region:
Normal curvatures of back
Primary curves occuring in foetal development
33
No. of vertebrae
7 cervical... 12 thoracic... 5 lumbar... 5 sacr…
No. of vertebrae in each region:
19 terms
vertebral column and back
vertebral column
curvatures of vertebral column (theres…
kyphosis
lordosis
part of axial skeleton. forms strong, flexible support for tr…
cervical and lumbar regions concave anteriorly... thoracic and s…
"humpback", excessive abnormal curvature of thoracic region.…
excessive abnormal lumbar curvature. often due to pregnancy o…
vertebral column
part of axial skeleton. forms strong, flexible support for tr…
curvatures of vertebral column (theres…
cervical and lumbar regions concave anteriorly... thoracic and s…
127 terms
Bones and Joints
5 regions vertebral column:
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
vertebral column is typically composed…
1. cervical... 2. thoracic... 3. lumbar... 4. sacral ... 5. coccygeal
hyoid bone and the bones of the thoracic cage, and skull
bones that make up the limbs and the pectoral & pelvic girdles
33 vertebra; 5 regions
5 regions vertebral column:
1. cervical... 2. thoracic... 3. lumbar... 4. sacral ... 5. coccygeal
axial skeleton
hyoid bone and the bones of the thoracic cage, and skull
14 terms
ch 7: the skeletal system- the vertebral column and thoracic cage (PT 3)
vertebral column (spine)
vertebrae
intervertebral foramen
7 cervical
composed of an average of 33 bones called vertebrae
________ are classified based on structure and location; each…
Spaces between moveable vertebrae or _____________ , can be s…
located in neck; fourth cervical vertebra is abbreviated C4
vertebral column (spine)
composed of an average of 33 bones called vertebrae
vertebrae
________ are classified based on structure and location; each…
12 terms
Cervical and Thoracic
How many bones make up the adult verte…
The spinal cord tapers off to a point…
Which of the following curves is class…
Scoliosis is defined as an abnormal or…
26
L1-L2
Cervical
Lateral curvature
How many bones make up the adult verte…
26
The spinal cord tapers off to a point…
L1-L2
15 terms
Chapter 7 & 8 Key Terms
scoliosis
kyphosis
lordosis
nucleus pulposus
abnormal lateral curvature of the vertebral column
excessive posterior curvature of the thoracic vertebral colum…
excessive anterior curvature of the lumbar vertebral column r…
gel-like central region of an intervertebral disc
scoliosis
abnormal lateral curvature of the vertebral column
kyphosis
excessive posterior curvature of the thoracic vertebral colum…
53 terms
Anatomy Trunk: Lecture 1 + 2 (Axial Skeleton + Muscles of The Back)
Axial skeleton
Scoliosis
Kyphosis
Lordosis
Portion of the skeletal system that consists of the skull, ri…
Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
An exaggerated posterior curvature of the thoracic spine that…
Which of the following postures results from an increased cur…
Axial skeleton
Portion of the skeletal system that consists of the skull, ri…
Scoliosis
Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
Vertebral Column and Spinal Cord Part 1
Cervical (neck), Thoracic (upper back)…
Neck
Upper back
Lower back
What are the 5 main regions of the vertebral column
Where are the cervical vertebrae
Where are the thoracic vertebrae
where are the lumbar vertebrae
Cervical (neck), Thoracic (upper back)…
What are the 5 main regions of the vertebral column
Neck
Where are the cervical vertebrae
98 terms
Anatomy Lab Vertebral Column and Thoracic Cage Quiz 2
33
vertebrae
vertebral discs
1%
there are __ vertebrae
= support the skull and trunk of the body, provide for their…
specifically absorbs the stress of physical activity
you are about ___ shorter at the end of the day than at the b…
33
there are __ vertebrae
vertebrae
= support the skull and trunk of the body, provide for their…
24 terms
503 - Chapter 4 - Back
The adult vertebral column typically c…
The 5 sacral vertebrae (segments) are…
The 4 coccygeal vertebrae (segments) a…
The vertebral column in adults has fou…
7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, and 4 coccygeal.
Sacrum
Coccyx
Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral.
The adult vertebral column typically c…
7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, and 4 coccygeal.
The 5 sacral vertebrae (segments) are…
Sacrum
34 terms
Vertebral Column
Vertebral column
Body
Vertebral arch
Pedicles
7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, and 4 coccygeal…
weight-bearing part
posterior part. walls of the vertebral arch are formed by two…
notched on their upper and lower border. Adjacent notches of…
Vertebral column
7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, and 4 coccygeal…
Body
weight-bearing part
75 terms
Vertebral Column and Spinal Cord Part 1
Cervical (neck), Thoracic (upper back)…
Central Nervous System
Neck
Upper back
What are the 5 main regions of the vertebral column
The Axial Skeleton protects what nervous system?
Where are the cervical vertebrae
Where are the thoracic vertebrae
Cervical (neck), Thoracic (upper back)…
What are the 5 main regions of the vertebral column
Central Nervous System
The Axial Skeleton protects what nervous system?
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