Study sets matching "term:signals = enable eukaryotic cells to process information from their environment and respond appropriately"

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Study sets matching "term:signals = enable eukaryotic cells to process information from their environment and respond appropriately"

7.1 what are signals and how do cells respond to them
environment
signals
specific receptor
signal transduction pathway
all cells process information (chemical, physical like light)…
can come from an outside organism or neighboring cells
to respond to a signal, a cell must have a ... that can detec…
the sequence of events that lead to a cell's response to a si…
environment
all cells process information (chemical, physical like light)…
signals
can come from an outside organism or neighboring cells
Chapter 6 - Detecting and responding to signals
Abscisic acid
Action potential
Auxin
Axon
A growth-inhibiting plant hormone associated with leaf and fr…
A reversal of the normal potential difference across a cell m…
Plant hormone that promotes the growth of new shoots, positiv…
The part of a nerve cell that conducts an action potential aw…
Abscisic acid
A growth-inhibiting plant hormone associated with leaf and fr…
Action potential
A reversal of the normal potential difference across a cell m…
SIGNALLING
definition of signal
types of signals
To interpret a signal
Multicellular organisms- signal may be
Enable eukaryotic cells to process information from their env…
1- chemical ... 2- physical stimuli
a cell must have the appropriate receptor protein
1- local ... 2- distant
definition of signal
Enable eukaryotic cells to process information from their env…
types of signals
1- chemical ... 2- physical stimuli
15 terms
Cells and Their Environment
Passive transport
Concentration gradient
Equilibrium
Diffusion
The movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a space
A condition in which the concentration of a substance is equa…
Movement of a substance from an area of higher concentration…
Passive transport
The movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
Concentration gradient
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a space
45 terms
Sensation and Perception Review
Sensation
Perception
Absolute Threshold
Signal Detection Theory
The process of receiving sensory stimulation from our environ…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
A theory predicting how we decide to pay attention to a parti…
Sensation
The process of receiving sensory stimulation from our environ…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
64 terms
Unit 4: Sensation & Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
27 terms
Cell Structure and Function
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Microscope
Cell Theory
What are the cells that do not have a nucleus or other membra…
Cell with a nucleus (surrounded by its own membrane) and othe…
An instrument that makes small objects look larger
States that all organisms are made up of one or more cells, t…
Prokaryotic
What are the cells that do not have a nucleus or other membra…
Eukaryotic
Cell with a nucleus (surrounded by its own membrane) and othe…
202 terms
Chapter 5 Vocab, Psychology Chapter 1 Vocabulary, Chapter 2 Vocabulary, Chapter 3, Ch 4 Vocabulary
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and intercepting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sense receptors and works up to…
information processing guided by higher level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and intercepting sensory informatio…
Cellular Communication
Cell Signaling
signal
ligand
signal molecule
Cells can process information from their environment
an encoded message in the form of heat, light, or chemicals (…
A signal molecule / chemical messenger.
A signal transduction pathway is initiated when this binds to…
Cell Signaling
Cells can process information from their environment
signal
an encoded message in the form of heat, light, or chemicals (…
35 terms
Chapter 4 Cells and Their Environment
passive transport
concentration gradient
equilibrium
diffusion
does not require energy from the cell
difference in the concentration gradient of a substance acros…
concentration of a substance is equal throughout space
movement of a substance down the substance's concentration gr…
passive transport
does not require energy from the cell
concentration gradient
difference in the concentration gradient of a substance acros…
61 terms
Chapter 6: Sensation and Perception-College Psychology
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
47 terms
Chapter 5 Vocab
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and intercepting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sense receptors and works up to…
information processing guided by higher level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and intercepting sensory informatio…
61 terms
Chapter 6: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
15 terms
Chapter 8 cells and their environment biology A terms
concentration gradient
equilibrium
diffusion
osmosis
The difference in the concentration of a substance across a d…
The state in which distribution of a substance is even throug…
The movement of a substance from a region where its concentra…
Diffusion of water across a selectivly permeable membrane fro…
concentration gradient
The difference in the concentration of a substance across a d…
equilibrium
The state in which distribution of a substance is even throug…
APP Ch 6 Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
def - the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous…
def - the process of organizing and interpreting sensory info…
def - analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and wor…
def - info processing guided by higher-level mental processes…
sensation
def - the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous…
perception
def - the process of organizing and interpreting sensory info…
65 terms
Unit IV - Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Unit 1- Quiz 1 Characteristics of Life
Biology
DNA Genetic Code
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Biology
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
DNA Genetic Code
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
17 terms
1.3 Vocab - Studying Life
Biology
DNA
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Biology
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
DNA
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
20 terms
Unit 1- Quiz 1 Characteristics of Life
Biology
DNA Genetic Code
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Biology
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
DNA Genetic Code
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
PreAP Unit 1- Quiz 1 Characteristics of Life
Biology
DNA Genetic Code
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Biology
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
DNA Genetic Code
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Unit 1: Study Set For Characteristics of Life and Organization
Biosphere
Ecosystem
Community
Population
Consists of all the environments on Earth that support life
All of the organisms living in a particular area, as well as…
All of the organisms (all living things; biotic) inhabiting a…
An interacting group of individuals of one species, such as l…
Biosphere
Consists of all the environments on Earth that support life
Ecosystem
All of the organisms living in a particular area, as well as…
Unit 1 Study Set Characteristics of Life and Levels of Biological Organization
Biology
DNA Genetic Code
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Biology
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
DNA Genetic Code
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
31 terms
Unit 1- Study Set
Biology
DNA Genetic Code
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Biology
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
DNA Genetic Code
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
28 terms
Making Connections - Body Systems
Organ systems
Circulatory System
Respiratory system
Digestive System
A group of two or more organs working together for a specific…
Transports materials throughout the body. ... Carries oxygen & d…
Exchange gases between the blood and the environment. Oxygen…
Breaks down food into very small molecules that can pass thro…
Organ systems
A group of two or more organs working together for a specific…
Circulatory System
Transports materials throughout the body. ... Carries oxygen & d…
101 terms
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the subjective awareness of a stimulus; the process by which…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis begins withe the sensory receptors and works up to t…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the subjective awareness of a stimulus; the process by which…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Unit 1- Quiz 1 Characteristics of Life
Biology
DNA Genetic Code
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Biology
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
DNA Genetic Code
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
109 terms
AP Unit 2: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
126 terms
Chapter 1, Chapter 2 - Chemistry, Chapter 7 Cells, Cell Organelles - Diagrams, Bioenergetics Vocab (Chapters 8 & 9)
science
observation
inference
hypothesis
an organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
the act of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
logical interpretation based on what scientists already know
a scientific explanation for a set of observations that can b…
science
an organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
observation
the act of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
69 terms
Chapter 5 & 6: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
Sensory receptors and nervous system recieve and represent st…
Organizing and interpreting sensory information, enabling us…
Analysis: sensory receptors that work up to the brain's integ…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
Sensory receptors and nervous system recieve and represent st…
Perception
Organizing and interpreting sensory information, enabling us…
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Absolute Threshold
Signal Detection Theory
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
A theory predicting how and when we detect the presence of a…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
61 terms
APP Chapter 6
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up processing
Top-down processing
process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
process of organizing the interpreting sensory information, e…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
Perception
process of organizing the interpreting sensory information, e…
93 terms
Biology ch. 1&2
7 characteristics of all living things
Atom
Molecule
Cell
Organized, need materials and energy, reproduce, respond to s…
Building blocks of all matter and the smallest part of an ele…
An association of 2 or more atoms
Smallest unit of life
7 characteristics of all living things
Organized, need materials and energy, reproduce, respond to s…
Atom
Building blocks of all matter and the smallest part of an ele…
64 terms
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
32 terms
Practical Biology -Ch 4 cells and their environment
passive transport
concentration gradient
equilibrium
diffusion
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
a difference in the concentration of a substance across a space
a condition in which the concentration of a substance is equa…
the process by which molecules move from an area of higher co…
passive transport
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
concentration gradient
a difference in the concentration of a substance across a space
63 terms
AP Psychology Unit 4 - Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
32 terms
Practical Biology -Ch 4 cells and their environment
passive transport
concentration gradient
equilibrium
diffusion
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
a difference in the concentration of a substance across a space
a condition in which the concentration of a substance is equa…
the process by which molecules move from an area of higher co…
passive transport
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
concentration gradient
a difference in the concentration of a substance across a space
14 terms
Living vs Nonliving
Experimental Group
control group
controlled factors
qualitative data
group being tested or receiving treatment
In an experiment, the group that is not exposed to the treatm…
Constant/... (constants) everything that is the same between the…
Information describing color, odor, shape, or some other phys…
Experimental Group
group being tested or receiving treatment
control group
In an experiment, the group that is not exposed to the treatm…
not mine-- Chapter 4 Cells and Their Environment
passive transport
concentration gradient
equilibrium
diffusion
does not require energy from the cell
difference in the concentration gradient of a substance acros…
concentration of a substance is equal throughout space
movement of a substance down the substance's concentration gr…
passive transport
does not require energy from the cell
concentration gradient
difference in the concentration gradient of a substance acros…
52 terms
Unit 2 Cell Structure/Reproduction Microscopy
unicellular
multicellular
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
Made of a single cell
Made up of more than one cell.
An organism whose cells do not have an enclosed nucleus, such…
A cell characterized by the presence of a nucleus and other m…
unicellular
Made of a single cell
multicellular
Made up of more than one cell.
63 terms
AP Psychology - Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
DC Psychology Unit 4 - Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Cells and their environment - Chap 4
Diffusion
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Concentration Gradient
The movement of a substance from an area of high concentratio…
Movement across the cell membrane that doesn't require energy.
Movement AGAINST the concentration gradient, energy is requir…
A difference in concentration of a substance.
Diffusion
The movement of a substance from an area of high concentratio…
Passive Transport
Movement across the cell membrane that doesn't require energy.
68 terms
Sensation and Perception AP Psych Gordon
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
afferent nerves
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
nerves that carry information up to the brain from the sensor…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Cells
Cell
Organelle
Plant cell
animal cell
Basic unit of life
sub-unit of a cell, each have specific function within the cell
Found in plants (Duh). contains a cell wall, chloroplast and…
Found in animals (Duh). ... does not have a cell wall or chlorop…
Cell
Basic unit of life
Organelle
sub-unit of a cell, each have specific function within the cell
68 terms
APP U4: Ch. 6 Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom up processing
Top down processing
process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, e…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
Perception
process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, e…
Combo Bio Cards Ifshin and Organelles
1. Eukaryotic Cell
2. Prokaryotic Cell
3. Ribosomes
4. Mitochondria
All animal and plant cells are eukaryotic.... Eukaryotic cells h…
No nucleus, no membrane bound organelles.... DNA is in the cytop…
Factory of the cell - Makes proteins.... Not membrane bound orga…
Power Plant of the cell - Makes Energy (ATP)... Membrane bound o…
1. Eukaryotic Cell
All animal and plant cells are eukaryotic.... Eukaryotic cells h…
2. Prokaryotic Cell
No nucleus, no membrane bound organelles.... DNA is in the cytop…
63 terms
AP Psychology Unit 4 - Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
AP Psychology Unit 4 - Sensation, Perception, and Consciousness
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
25 terms
Cellular signals
Stimulus
Exteroceptor
Interoceptors
Homeostasis
Something in the internal or external environment an organism…
Highly specialised cells that receive signals from the extern…
Specialised cells that detect disturbances in the internal en…
The maintenance of a relatively stable internal environment w…
Stimulus
Something in the internal or external environment an organism…
Exteroceptor
Highly specialised cells that receive signals from the extern…
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
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