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Study sets matching "term:signals = enable eukaryotic cells to process information from their environment and respond appropriately"

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Study sets matching "term:signals = enable eukaryotic cells to process information from their environment and respond appropriately"

27 terms
SIGNALLING
definition of signal
types of signals
To interpret a signal
Multicellular organisms- signal may be
Enable eukaryotic cells to process information from their env…
1- chemical ... 2- physical stimuli
a cell must have the appropriate receptor protein
1- local ... 2- distant
definition of signal
Enable eukaryotic cells to process information from their env…
types of signals
1- chemical ... 2- physical stimuli
17 terms
7.1 what are signals and how do cells respond to them
environment
signals
specific receptor
signal transduction pathway
all cells process information (chemical, physical like light)…
can come from an outside organism or neighboring cells
to respond to a signal, a cell must have a ... that can detec…
the sequence of events that lead to a cell's response to a si…
environment
all cells process information (chemical, physical like light)…
signals
can come from an outside organism or neighboring cells
32 terms
Chapter 6 - Detecting and responding to signals
Abscisic acid
Action potential
Auxin
Axon
A growth-inhibiting plant hormone associated with leaf and fr…
A reversal of the normal potential difference across a cell m…
Plant hormone that promotes the growth of new shoots, positiv…
The part of a nerve cell that conducts an action potential aw…
Abscisic acid
A growth-inhibiting plant hormone associated with leaf and fr…
Action potential
A reversal of the normal potential difference across a cell m…
45 terms
Sensation and Perception Review
Sensation
Perception
Absolute Threshold
Signal Detection Theory
The process of receiving sensory stimulation from our environ…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
A theory predicting how we decide to pay attention to a parti…
Sensation
The process of receiving sensory stimulation from our environ…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
64 terms
Unit 4: Sensation & Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
27 terms
Cell Structure and Function
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Microscope
Cell Theory
What are the cells that do not have a nucleus or other membra…
Cell with a nucleus (surrounded by its own membrane) and othe…
An instrument that makes small objects look larger
States that all organisms are made up of one or more cells, t…
Prokaryotic
What are the cells that do not have a nucleus or other membra…
Eukaryotic
Cell with a nucleus (surrounded by its own membrane) and othe…
12 terms
Cellular Communication
Cell Signaling
signal
ligand
signal molecule
Cells can process information from their environment
an encoded message in the form of heat, light, or chemicals (…
A signal molecule / chemical messenger.
A signal transduction pathway is initiated when this binds to…
Cell Signaling
Cells can process information from their environment
signal
an encoded message in the form of heat, light, or chemicals (…
25 terms
Cellular signals
Stimulus
Exteroceptor
Interoceptors
Homeostasis
Something in the internal or external environment an organism…
Highly specialised cells that receive signals from the extern…
Specialised cells that detect disturbances in the internal en…
The maintenance of a relatively stable internal environment w…
Stimulus
Something in the internal or external environment an organism…
Exteroceptor
Highly specialised cells that receive signals from the extern…
61 terms
Chapter 6: Sensation and Perception-College Psychology
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
61 terms
Chapter 6: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
61 terms
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
17 terms
1.3 Vocab - Studying Life
Biology
DNA
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Biology
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
DNA
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Unit 1- Quiz 1 Characteristics of Life
Biology
DNA Genetic Code
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Biology
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
DNA Genetic Code
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
43 terms
B222 Ch 9 vocab, split definitions
cell communication
signal
receptor
cellular response
the process through which cells can detect and respond to sig…
regarding cell communication, an incoming or outgoing agent t…
a cellular protein that recognizes a signaling molecule
adaptation at the cellular level that involves a cell respond…
cell communication
the process through which cells can detect and respond to sig…
signal
regarding cell communication, an incoming or outgoing agent t…
17 terms
1.3 Vocab - Studying Life
Biology
DNA
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Biology
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
DNA
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
20 terms
Unit 1- Quiz 1 Characteristics of Life
Biology
DNA Genetic Code
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Biology
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
DNA Genetic Code
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
PreAP Unit 1- Quiz 1 Characteristics of Life
Biology
DNA Genetic Code
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Biology
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
DNA Genetic Code
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
31 terms
Unit 1: Study Set For Characteristics of Life and Organization
Biosphere
Ecosystem
Community
Population
Consists of all the environments on Earth that support life
All of the organisms living in a particular area, as well as…
All of the organisms (all living things; biotic) inhabiting a…
An interacting group of individuals of one species, such as l…
Biosphere
Consists of all the environments on Earth that support life
Ecosystem
All of the organisms living in a particular area, as well as…
64 terms
Unit 4 - Sensation and Perception (Nicdao)
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Unit 1 Study Set Characteristics of Life and Levels of Biological Organization
Biology
DNA Genetic Code
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Biology
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
DNA Genetic Code
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
61 terms
Chapter 6: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
PreAP Unit 1- Combined Study Set
Biology
DNA Genetic Code
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Biology
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
DNA Genetic Code
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
31 terms
Unit 1- Study Set
Biology
DNA Genetic Code
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Biology
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
DNA Genetic Code
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
71 terms
EOC Biology Review
Eukaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic Cell
Ribosomes
Mitochondria
A type of cell with a membrane-bound nucleus and membrane-bou…
A type of cell lacking a membrane-bound nucleus and membrane-…
Non membrane bound parts of the cell where proteins are synth…
An organelle in eukaryotic cells that is the site of cellular…
Eukaryotic Cell
A type of cell with a membrane-bound nucleus and membrane-bou…
Prokaryotic Cell
A type of cell lacking a membrane-bound nucleus and membrane-…
19 terms
Cells and their environment - Chap 4
Diffusion
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Concentration Gradient
The movement of a substance from an area of high concentratio…
Movement across the cell membrane that doesn't require energy.
Movement AGAINST the concentration gradient, energy is requir…
A difference in concentration of a substance.
Diffusion
The movement of a substance from an area of high concentratio…
Passive Transport
Movement across the cell membrane that doesn't require energy.
20 terms
Unit 1- Quiz 1 Characteristics of Life
Biology
DNA Genetic Code
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Biology
Science that seeks to understand the living world; the scienc…
DNA Genetic Code
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
28 terms
Pearson Texas Biology: Chapter 28 Animal Systems II N. Walker
neuron
stimulus
sensory neuron
interneuron
nerve cell; specialized for carrying messages throughout the…
signal to which an organism responds
type of nerve cell that receives information from sensory rec…
type of neuron that processes information and may relay infor…
neuron
nerve cell; specialized for carrying messages throughout the…
stimulus
signal to which an organism responds
35 terms
Chapter 4 Cells and Their Environment
passive transport
concentration gradient
equilibrium
diffusion
does not require energy from the cell
difference in the concentration gradient of a substance acros…
concentration of a substance is equal throughout space
movement of a substance down the substance's concentration gr…
passive transport
does not require energy from the cell
concentration gradient
difference in the concentration gradient of a substance acros…
109 terms
AP Unit 2: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
15 terms
Cells and Their Environment
Passive transport
Concentration gradient
Equilibrium
Diffusion
The movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a space
A condition in which the concentration of a substance is equa…
Movement of a substance from an area of higher concentration…
Passive transport
The movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
Concentration gradient
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a space
20 terms
Think Psychology - Ch. 5 - Sensation and Perception
Absolute threshold
Blindsight
Cocktail party effect
Change blindness
the smallest amount of energy needed for a person to detect a…
a condition in which a person is not consciously aware of wha…
a phenomenon in which selective attention allows a person to…
a failure to detect drastic visual changes in a scene
Absolute threshold
the smallest amount of energy needed for a person to detect a…
Blindsight
a condition in which a person is not consciously aware of wha…
69 terms
Chapter 5 & 6: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
Sensory receptors and nervous system recieve and represent st…
Organizing and interpreting sensory information, enabling us…
Analysis: sensory receptors that work up to the brain's integ…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
Sensory receptors and nervous system recieve and represent st…
Perception
Organizing and interpreting sensory information, enabling us…
93 terms
Biology ch. 1&2
7 characteristics of all living things
Atom
Molecule
Cell
Organized, need materials and energy, reproduce, respond to s…
Building blocks of all matter and the smallest part of an ele…
An association of 2 or more atoms
Smallest unit of life
7 characteristics of all living things
Organized, need materials and energy, reproduce, respond to s…
Atom
Building blocks of all matter and the smallest part of an ele…
36 terms
Chapter 12 Vocabulary
adaptation
adenine
asexual reproduction
binary fission
any phenotypic change in behavior, structure, or reproduction…
nitrogen base that pairs with thymine in DNA and uracil in RNA
a type of reproduction that which offspring arise from a sing…
a type of asexual reproduction that occurs in prokaryotes
adaptation
any phenotypic change in behavior, structure, or reproduction…
adenine
nitrogen base that pairs with thymine in DNA and uracil in RNA
14 terms
Living vs Nonliving
Experimental Group
control group
controlled factors
qualitative data
group being tested or receiving treatment
In an experiment, the group that is not exposed to the treatm…
Constant/... (constants) everything that is the same between the…
Information describing color, odor, shape, or some other phys…
Experimental Group
group being tested or receiving treatment
control group
In an experiment, the group that is not exposed to the treatm…
61 terms
APP Chapter 6
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up processing
Top-down processing
process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
process of organizing the interpreting sensory information, e…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
Perception
process of organizing the interpreting sensory information, e…
63 terms
AP Psychology - Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
42 terms
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Absolute Threshold
Signal Detection Theory
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
A theory predicting how and when we detect the presence of a…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
64 terms
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
52 terms
Unit 2 Cell Structure/Reproduction Microscopy
unicellular
multicellular
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
Made of a single cell
Made up of more than one cell.
An organism whose cells do not have an enclosed nucleus, such…
A cell characterized by the presence of a nucleus and other m…
unicellular
Made of a single cell
multicellular
Made up of more than one cell.
37 terms
Biology 11 - M1 - Section 1.2a - Characteristics of Life
Biology
Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Example of Prokaryotic Cells
the study of living things and their environment - science th…
the smallest unit of life - collection of living matter enclo…
simple cells with very little internal organization. They hav…
bacteria
Biology
the study of living things and their environment - science th…
Cells
the smallest unit of life - collection of living matter enclo…
126 terms
Chapter 1, Chapter 2 - Chemistry, Chapter 7 Cells, Cell Organelles - Diagrams, Bioenergetics Vocab (Chapters 8 & 9)
science
observation
inference
hypothesis
an organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
the act of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
logical interpretation based on what scientists already know
a scientific explanation for a set of observations that can b…
science
an organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
observation
the act of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
43 terms
Chapter 4-Detecting and Responding
Exteroceptor
Chemoreceptors
Mechanoreceptors
Photoreceptors
Receptor that receives signals from the external environment
Exteroceptor associated with smells and tastes (nose and mouth)
Exteroceptor associated with pressure, touch, tension, sound…
Exteroceptors associated with light (eyes)
Exteroceptor
Receptor that receives signals from the external environment
Chemoreceptors
Exteroceptor associated with smells and tastes (nose and mouth)
81 terms
Combo Bio Cards Ifshin and Organelles
1. Eukaryotic Cell
2. Prokaryotic Cell
3. Ribosomes
4. Mitochondria
All animal and plant cells are eukaryotic.... Eukaryotic cells h…
No nucleus, no membrane bound organelles.... DNA is in the cytop…
Factory of the cell - Makes proteins.... Not membrane bound orga…
Power Plant of the cell - Makes Energy (ATP)... Membrane bound o…
1. Eukaryotic Cell
All animal and plant cells are eukaryotic.... Eukaryotic cells h…
2. Prokaryotic Cell
No nucleus, no membrane bound organelles.... DNA is in the cytop…
35 terms
BIO 11 Cell to cell communication/ Cell signaling
receptor protein
components of signal transduction path…
paracrine
autocrine
...
a signal, a receptor, transduction, and effector molecules th…
signals act locally
signals act locally
receptor protein
...
components of signal transduction path…
a signal, a receptor, transduction, and effector molecules th…
363 terms
bio160test2SymulaUM
Signals can alter
Both prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells…
Processing the information from the en…
In order for a cell to respond to a si…
Behavior or cell activity
Physical Stimulus or chemicals that bathe a cell
Signals in your body that communicate with one and other
A specific receptor protein that is capable of detecting that…
Signals can alter
Behavior or cell activity
Both prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells…
Physical Stimulus or chemicals that bathe a cell
63 terms
AP Psychology Unit 4 - Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
63 terms
AP Psychology - Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
15 terms
Chapter 8 cells and their environment biology A terms
concentration gradient
equilibrium
diffusion
osmosis
The difference in the concentration of a substance across a d…
The state in which distribution of a substance is even throug…
The movement of a substance from a region where its concentra…
Diffusion of water across a selectivly permeable membrane fro…
concentration gradient
The difference in the concentration of a substance across a d…
equilibrium
The state in which distribution of a substance is even throug…
67 terms
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
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