How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "term:the synapse = the gap neurons communicate across"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "term:the synapse = the gap neurons communicate across"

129 terms
Communication between neurons: The synapse
Neural impulses are transmitted from o…
electrical synapses are composed of
How do electrical synapses transmit si…
Chemical synapses consist of a space b…
synapse
gap junctions between cells
The signal propagates bidirectionally, meaning that both cell…
neurotransmitters
Neural impulses are transmitted from o…
synapse
electrical synapses are composed of
gap junctions between cells
8 terms
Neurons Communicating at Synapse
1
2
3
4
an action potential depolarizes the plasma membrane of the sy…
opens voltage gated calcium channels in the membrane, influx…
elevated Ca concentration in the terminal causes synaptic ves…
the vesicles release neurotransmitters into the synaptic cleft
1
an action potential depolarizes the plasma membrane of the sy…
2
opens voltage gated calcium channels in the membrane, influx…
Neurons, Synapses, Communication
Neurons
Dendrites
Soma/cell body
Axon hillock
All neurons are polarized and have the same basic parts:... -Den…
• Input comes in... • Chemical → electrical... • Arborization: bran…
• contains the nucleus and most organelles... • a lot of mitocho…
decides is stimulation is great enough for an AP... •Integrated…
Neurons
All neurons are polarized and have the same basic parts:... -Den…
Dendrites
• Input comes in... • Chemical → electrical... • Arborization: bran…
47 terms
Communication between Neuron Synapses
What are synapses?
Which neuron inhibits or excites?
What are the 2 types of synapses?
Chemical synapses
The connection between two neurons or connection between a ne…
The first neuron... (Presynaptic neuron)
Chemical synapses and electrical synapses
Initiated by neurotransmitters ... Presynaptic neuron releases n…
What are synapses?
The connection between two neurons or connection between a ne…
Which neuron inhibits or excites?
The first neuron... (Presynaptic neuron)
26 terms
The synapse: mechanisms of communication between neurons
Myasthenia Gravis
Process of the synapse
What are the three types of synapse an…
What guides the neurotransmitter down…
In this disease the person's own immune system destroys ACh r…
Terminal buttons release a chemical message, called a neurotr…
Axodendritic - the terminal button synapses with a dendrite o…
The vesicles are guided toward the cell membrane of the presy…
Myasthenia Gravis
In this disease the person's own immune system destroys ACh r…
Process of the synapse
Terminal buttons release a chemical message, called a neurotr…
25 terms
PSYCHOLOGY Neural Communication/ Neuron/ Synapse
Neurotransmitter
Synaptic Gap
Vesicles
Receptor Site
Fits the receptor site like a key in lock, fits the receptor…
the gap where neurotransmitters flow across, small space betw…
JUST HOLDS, chillin, holds the neurotransmitters until it get…
Holds the neurotransmitters to set off action potential and t…
Neurotransmitter
Fits the receptor site like a key in lock, fits the receptor…
Synaptic Gap
the gap where neurotransmitters flow across, small space betw…
29 terms
Transmission of an Action Potential Across Chemical Synapse Between Neurons
Action Potential arrives at the ______…
The increase in calcium (Ca++) inside…
Neurotransmitters will enter the _____…
The neurotransmitter molecules diffuse…
axon terminal, calcium, calcium
presynaptic neuron, synaptic vesicles
synaptic cleft
synaptic cleft, neurotransmitter receptors
Action Potential arrives at the ______…
axon terminal, calcium, calcium
The increase in calcium (Ca++) inside…
presynaptic neuron, synaptic vesicles
25 terms
Lecture 3: The Synapse: Mechanisms of Communication between Neurons
a).What is Myasthenia Gravis?... b). What…
b). Name 4 characteristics of Myasthen…
Explain how an AP communicates with th…
What are the three types of synapses a…
a). A disorder of synaptic transmission... b). A disorder of ace…
1). Fluctuating muscle weakness (proximal (head, neck, trunk)…
--> Terminal buttons release a chemical message - a *neurotra…
1. Axodendritic - the terminal button synapses with a dendrit…
a).What is Myasthenia Gravis?... b). What…
a). A disorder of synaptic transmission... b). A disorder of ace…
b). Name 4 characteristics of Myasthen…
1). Fluctuating muscle weakness (proximal (head, neck, trunk)…
25 terms
Lecture 3: The Synapse: Mechanisms of Communication between Neurons
a).What is Myasthenia Gravis?... b). What…
b). Name 4 characteristics of Myasthen…
Explain how an AP communicates with th…
What are the three types of synapses a…
a). A disorder of synaptic transmission... b). A disorder of ace…
1). Fluctuating muscle weakness (proximal (head, neck, trunk)…
--> Terminal buttons release a chemical message - a *neurotra…
1. Axodendritic - the terminal button synapses with a dendrit…
a).What is Myasthenia Gravis?... b). What…
a). A disorder of synaptic transmission... b). A disorder of ace…
b). Name 4 characteristics of Myasthen…
1). Fluctuating muscle weakness (proximal (head, neck, trunk)…
15 terms
A&P 1 Nervous System: Nerve Impulse and Synapse Across Neurons
nerve impulse
action potential
potassium (K+)
sodium (Na+)
electrical signal that sends a message along the neuron
nerve impulse
inside the cell
outside the cell
nerve impulse
electrical signal that sends a message along the neuron
action potential
nerve impulse
11 terms
ch 10 (part 3) , Synapse across the neurons, Human body in health and illness, 5th ed
The ________ travels the length of the…
What helps information move from one n…
This is a space that exists because th…
The dendrite of neurons contain ?
nerve impulse
Synapse
synaptic cleft
receptor sites
The ________ travels the length of the…
nerve impulse
What helps information move from one n…
Synapse
11 terms
Lecture 3 of BN: Synapse - mechanisms of communication between neurons
Myasthenia Gravis causes and effects
Synapse structure... 1. axon hillock... 2. s…
Process of neurotransmitter release?
How do neurotransmitter molecules infl…
-immune system attacks ACh receptors (NT involved in muscle s…
1. junction between cell body and axon... 2. gap between neurons…
1. action potential in presynaptic cell triggers neurotransmi…
1. lock to binding sites on postsynaptic receptors (ionotropi…
Myasthenia Gravis causes and effects
-immune system attacks ACh receptors (NT involved in muscle s…
Synapse structure... 1. axon hillock... 2. s…
1. junction between cell body and axon... 2. gap between neurons…
12 terms
Psych 230 Exam 2 - Neurons Synapses and Cell Communication -
There are almost ________ neurons in t…
The four important regions of a neuron:
This region of the neuron conducts the…
This region of the neuron contains the…
100 billion
Dendrites... Soma (Cell body)... Axon... Axon terminal
axon
Soma/Cell Body
There are almost ________ neurons in t…
100 billion
The four important regions of a neuron:
Dendrites... Soma (Cell body)... Axon... Axon terminal
16 terms
Chapter 48.4: Neurons Communicate with Other Cells at Synapses
a neurotransmitter is packaged in syna…
what causes the release of the neurotr…
if a neurotransmitter binds to a recep…
if a neurotransmitter binds to a recep…
-vesicles... -cleft
the action potential
excitatory
inhibitory
a neurotransmitter is packaged in syna…
-vesicles... -cleft
what causes the release of the neurotr…
the action potential
11 terms
ch 10 (part 3) , Synapse across the neurons, Human body in health and illness, 5th ed
The ________ travels the length of the…
What helps information move from one n…
This is a space that exists because th…
The dendrite of neurons contain ?
nerve impulse
Synapse
synaptic cleft
receptor sites
The ________ travels the length of the…
nerve impulse
What helps information move from one n…
Synapse
9 terms
Ch. 12.7 -- At synapses, communication occurs among neurons or between neurons and other cells
Synaptic Activity
General Properties of Synapses
Electrical Synapses
Chemical Synapses
At a synapse between 2 neurons, nerve impulse passes from pre…
Electrical (direct physical contact between cells) or Chemica…
Pre & Postsynaptic membranes locked together by gap junctions…
An arriving action potential may/may not release enough neuro…
Synaptic Activity
At a synapse between 2 neurons, nerve impulse passes from pre…
General Properties of Synapses
Electrical (direct physical contact between cells) or Chemica…
9 terms
Ch. 12.7 -- At synapses, communication occurs among neurons or between neurons and other cells
Synaptic Activity
General Properties of Synapses
Electrical Synapses
Chemical Synapses
At a synapse between 2 neurons, nerve impulse passes from pre…
Electrical (direct physical contact between cells) or Chemica…
Pre & Postsynaptic membranes locked together by gap junctions…
An arriving action potential may/may not release enough neuro…
Synaptic Activity
At a synapse between 2 neurons, nerve impulse passes from pre…
General Properties of Synapses
Electrical (direct physical contact between cells) or Chemica…
18 terms
Neural Tissue - Chapter 11-7 At synapses, communication occurs among neurons or between neurons and other cells
nerve impulses
presynaptic neuron
postsynaptic neuron
Electrical synapses
In the nervous system, messages move from one location to ano…
At a synapse between two neurons, the impulse passes from the…
At a synapse between two neurons, the impulse passes from the…
Two Types of Synapses:... 1. ________________... 2. Chemical synap…
nerve impulses
In the nervous system, messages move from one location to ano…
presynaptic neuron
At a synapse between two neurons, the impulse passes from the…
42 terms
The Synapse
Neuron doctrine
Reticular theory
Gap junctions
chemical synapses
nervous system is composed of discrete cells, each with its o…
neurons are connected in a way such that it is one giant, con…
Allow direct ion flow. Small connections maintaining cytosol…
Electrical signals arrive at the nerve terminal, carried from…
Neuron doctrine
nervous system is composed of discrete cells, each with its o…
Reticular theory
neurons are connected in a way such that it is one giant, con…
24 terms
Synapse
Synapse
Synaptic cleft
Neurotransmitters
Describe how the neurotransmitters cro…
The place where two neurons meet.
the tiny gap of about 20 nm between the terminal of a neuron…
Action potentials are transmitted across the synaptic cleft b…
The neurotransmitters are in vesicles in the pre-synaptic cel…
Synapse
The place where two neurons meet.
Synaptic cleft
the tiny gap of about 20 nm between the terminal of a neuron…
27 terms
The Synapse - Nervous System
Synapse
presynaptic cell
postsynaptic cell
electrical synapse
the junction between two cells. Where two cells communicate w…
the cell that transmits a signal toward a synapse
the cell that receives the signal
A type of synapse in which the cells are connected by gap jun…
Synapse
the junction between two cells. Where two cells communicate w…
presynaptic cell
the cell that transmits a signal toward a synapse
13 terms
The Synapse
Dendrites
Axons
Synapse
separating
bring information to the cell body
Take information away from the cell body
Information from one neuron flows to another neuron across a…
The synapse contains a small gap ______ neurons
Dendrites
bring information to the cell body
Axons
Take information away from the cell body
16 terms
Synapse
synapse
presynpatic neuron
postsynaptic neuron
axodendritic synapse
the junction that deals with the information transfered from…
conducts impulses toward the synapse
sends impulses away from the synapse
connects the axon of one neuron to the dendrite of another ne…
synapse
the junction that deals with the information transfered from…
presynpatic neuron
conducts impulses toward the synapse
28 terms
Transmission of impulses at the synapse
Presynaptic neuron
postsynaptic cell
chemical synapse
synaptic cleft
refers to a nerve cells that carries a nerve impulse towards…
the neuron that receives the signal is a postsynaptic neuron…
plasma membranes of presynaptic and postsynaptic neurons in a…
- a small space that separates the plasma membranes of the pr…
Presynaptic neuron
refers to a nerve cells that carries a nerve impulse towards…
postsynaptic cell
the neuron that receives the signal is a postsynaptic neuron…
8 terms
Synapse words
synapse
sensory neuron
relay neuron
motor neuron
the gap between two neurons
carries an impulse from a receptor
carries an impulse to a motor neuron
carries an impulse to an effector
synapse
the gap between two neurons
sensory neuron
carries an impulse from a receptor
8 terms
Synapse
Presynaptic neuron
Postsynaptic neuron
Axodendritic synapse
Axosomatic synapse
signals arrive at the synapse by way of it then releases a ne…
the next neuron, which responds to the neurotransmitter
presynaptic neuron synapse with a dendrite
presynaptic neuron synapse with a soma
Presynaptic neuron
signals arrive at the synapse by way of it then releases a ne…
Postsynaptic neuron
the next neuron, which responds to the neurotransmitter
10 terms
Unit 2: Neurons and the Synapse
Dendrites
nucleus
cell body SOMA
myelin sheath
parts of the neurons that receive information from the axons…
controls everything going on in the neuron
Contains structures that manufacture proteins and process nut…
a series of fatty cells which are wrapped around axons- provi…
Dendrites
parts of the neurons that receive information from the axons…
nucleus
controls everything going on in the neuron
11 terms
Neuron Synapse
IPSPs
EPSPs
Summation
Presynaptic Neuron
Inhibitory postsynaptic potential
Excitatory postsynaptic potential
Process of adding up postsynaptic potentials and responding t…
Releases a neurotransmitter
IPSPs
Inhibitory postsynaptic potential
EPSPs
Excitatory postsynaptic potential
37 terms
5.3 Neuronal communication
Pacinian corpuscle
sensory receptors
Energy transducers
How does the inside of a cell become n…
is a pressure sensor found in the skin. It is oval shaped and…
are specialised cells that can detect changes in our surround…
A cell that converts one form of energy into another. ... examp…
Due to the ionic movements of the potassium (K+) and sodium i…
Pacinian corpuscle
is a pressure sensor found in the skin. It is oval shaped and…
sensory receptors
are specialised cells that can detect changes in our surround…
17 terms
Neurons
axon
synapse
soma
dendrites
carries neural information away from soma towards other neurons
the site where communication between neurons occurs
the cell body of the neuron
thin extensions of a neuron that receive information from oth…
axon
carries neural information away from soma towards other neurons
synapse
the site where communication between neurons occurs
16 terms
ch 3 the synapse
what are neurons separated by
what is the synaptic cleft
what permits neurons to communicate
what is a presynaptic neuron
the synaptic cleft
microscopic gap between the terminal button of one neuron and…
signals that cross the gap
neuron that sends neuron across the gap
what are neurons separated by
the synaptic cleft
what is the synaptic cleft
microscopic gap between the terminal button of one neuron and…
25 terms
6.5 Neurons & synapses
occiloscope traces
neuron
nerve impulse
saltatory conduction
graphical display of membrane potentils in neurons with time…
nerve cell
electrical signal
nerve impulse jumps from one node of Ranvier to the next alon…
occiloscope traces
graphical display of membrane potentils in neurons with time…
neuron
nerve cell
34 terms
Neurons & Nervous System
Neuron
CNS
PNS
Central
A nerve cell
The brain and the spinal cord form this system (abbreviation)
The nervous system not involving the brain or spinal cord. (a…
The brain and the spinal cord are called the ................…
Neuron
A nerve cell
CNS
The brain and the spinal cord form this system (abbreviation)
30 terms
Neurons
Axon
Axon Terminals
Cell Body
Dendrite
Axon
Axon Terminals
12 terms
neurons
axon
cell body
axon terminal
dendrite
axon
cell body
32 terms
Chapter 7 (Neurons and the Mind)
nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
basic unit of nervous system
split in two parts:... 1. central nervous system... 2. peripheral…
(brain & spinal cord) - the thinking cells
nerve tissue outside CNS
neurons (nerve cells)... - excitable, generates/transmits info.
nervous system
split in two parts:... 1. central nervous system... 2. peripheral…
central nervous system
(brain & spinal cord) - the thinking cells
59 terms
Neuro: Synapse Transmission
Synapse
Neuronal
Neuromuscular
Neuroglandular
A junction where information is transmitted from one neuron t…
What Cell Signaling Mechanism is being used when nerve cells…
point of contact between a motor neuron and a skeletal muscle…
synapse between a neuron and a gland
Synapse
A junction where information is transmitted from one neuron t…
Neuronal
What Cell Signaling Mechanism is being used when nerve cells…
24 terms
2.2.2 The Synapse- Vocab Terms
Synapse (to connect)
2 types of synapse
Electrical synapse
Gap Junction
How two neurons communicate/How they exchange information
(synapse)... 1. electrical... 2.chemical
(synapse)... * simple synapses-cells have direct connections wi…
(synapse)... *made of proteins referred to as connexon-which ar…
Synapse (to connect)
How two neurons communicate/How they exchange information
2 types of synapse
(synapse)... 1. electrical... 2.chemical
9 terms
The Synapse
The junction between any two communica…
The gap between neurons at a synapse.…
The neuron transmitting the impulse in…
The neuron that receives input at the…
Synapse
Synaptic cleft
Presynaptic neuron
Postsynaptic neuron
The junction between any two communica…
Synapse
The gap between neurons at a synapse.…
Synaptic cleft
8 terms
Neurons
dendrites
Terminal branch of axon
Axon
Neural Impulse
receive messages from the other cells
Form junctions with other cells
passes messages away from the cell body to other neurons, mus…
electrical signal traveling down the axon
dendrites
receive messages from the other cells
Terminal branch of axon
Form junctions with other cells
The Cells
Neurons
2 types of Neurons
2 main functions of neurons
Neurotransmitters
a specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell
1. Neurons... 2. Glia
1. process chemicals within them... 2. Communication with other…
known as chemical messengers that enable neurotransmission. T…
Neurons
a specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell
2 types of Neurons
1. Neurons... 2. Glia
34 terms
The Synapse (Part II)
Chemical Synapse
Chemical Synapse: Locations
Axodendritic
Axosomatic
Primary means of communication between neurons in mammalian n…
-Multiple sites for synaptic transmission... -'Classical' sites:…
axon terminal of one neuron synapses on dendritic spine of an…
axon terminal ends on cell body
Chemical Synapse
Primary means of communication between neurons in mammalian n…
Chemical Synapse: Locations
-Multiple sites for synaptic transmission... -'Classical' sites:…
7 terms
The Synapse
Electrical Synapse
Chemical Synapse
Ionotropic receptors
Metabotropic receptors
two neurons linked together with gap junctions - they act lik…
channel linked receptors, ligand gated channels. The receptor…
G protein - coupled receptors, receptor and ion channel are 2…
Electrical Synapse
two neurons linked together with gap junctions - they act lik…
Chemical Synapse
14 terms
29.1 Organ Systems Communicating & 29.2 Neurons
nervous system
endocrine system
stimulus
central nervous system
physically connected network of cells, tissues, and organs th…
collection of physically disconnected organs that helps to co…
anything that triggers a response
interprets messages from other nerves in the body and stores…
nervous system
physically connected network of cells, tissues, and organs th…
endocrine system
collection of physically disconnected organs that helps to co…
Ch 11 exam 3- the synapse
junctions that mediate information tra…
how are neurons connected
a neuron conducting impulses towards t…
neuron transmitting electrical signal…
synapses
synapses
presynaptic neuron
postsynaptic neuron
junctions that mediate information tra…
synapses
how are neurons connected
synapses
16 terms
The synapse
synapses
Presynaptic neuron
Postsynaptic neuron
Types of Synapses
A junction that mediates information transfer from one neuron…
conducts impulses toward the synapse
transmits impulses away from the synapse
Axodendritic, Axosomatic
synapses
A junction that mediates information transfer from one neuron…
Presynaptic neuron
conducts impulses toward the synapse
18 terms
The Synapse
Overall structure of a neurone
Dendrites
Soma
Axon hillock and initial segment
DENDRITES... SOMA... AXON HILOCK and initial segment... AXON... SYNAPSE
receive inputs from other neurones and convey graded electric…
synthetic and metabolic centre. Contains the nucleus, ribosom…
site of initiation of the 'all or none' action potential
Overall structure of a neurone
DENDRITES... SOMA... AXON HILOCK and initial segment... AXON... SYNAPSE
Dendrites
receive inputs from other neurones and convey graded electric…
13 terms
The Neuron
Cell Body
Dendrites
Myelin sheath
Axon
The metabolic center of the neuron
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
a fatty substance that helps insulate neurons and speeds the…
the long, narrow process that projects from the cell body
Cell Body
The metabolic center of the neuron
Dendrites
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
16 terms
Neurons
Neurons
3 Tasks of neurons
Dendrites
Axon
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
1. Receive Info... 2. Transmit Info down its length ... 3. Pass Inf…
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
Neurons
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
3 Tasks of neurons
1. Receive Info... 2. Transmit Info down its length ... 3. Pass Inf…
33 terms
6.5 Neurons & synapses (SL/HL)
oscilloscope traces
neuron
nerve impulse
saltatory conduction
graphical display of membrane potentils in neurons with time…
nerve cell
electrical signal
nerve impulse jumps from one node of Ranvier to the next alon…
oscilloscope traces
graphical display of membrane potentils in neurons with time…
neuron
nerve cell
1 of 10