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Study sets matching "term:the synapse = toward"

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Study sets matching "term:the synapse = toward"

24 terms
Synapse
Synapse
Synaptic cleft
Neurotransmitters
Describe how the neurotransmitters cro…
The place where two neurons meet.
the tiny gap of about 20 nm between the terminal of a neuron…
Action potentials are transmitted across the synaptic cleft b…
The neurotransmitters are in vesicles in the pre-synaptic cel…
Synapse
The place where two neurons meet.
Synaptic cleft
the tiny gap of about 20 nm between the terminal of a neuron…
12 terms
Synapse
Synapse
Synaptic cleft
Neurotransmitters
Describe how the neurotransmitters cro…
The place where two neurons meet.
the tiny gap terminal of a neuron and the dendrite of another…
chemicals that carry message from neuron to neuron across a s…
The neurotransmitters are in vesicles in the cell. When the a…
Synapse
The place where two neurons meet.
Synaptic cleft
the tiny gap terminal of a neuron and the dendrite of another…
59 terms
Neuro: Synapse Transmission
Synapse
Neuronal
Neuromuscular
Neuroglandular
A junction where information is transmitted from one neuron t…
What Cell Signaling Mechanism is being used when nerve cells…
point of contact between a motor neuron and a skeletal muscle…
synapse between a neuron and a gland
Synapse
A junction where information is transmitted from one neuron t…
Neuronal
What Cell Signaling Mechanism is being used when nerve cells…
27 terms
The Synapse - Nervous System
Synapse
presynaptic cell
postsynaptic cell
electrical synapse
the junction between two cells. Where two cells communicate w…
the cell that transmits a signal toward a synapse
the cell that receives the signal
A type of synapse in which the cells are connected by gap jun…
Synapse
the junction between two cells. Where two cells communicate w…
presynaptic cell
the cell that transmits a signal toward a synapse
7 terms
The Synapse
Electrical Synapse
Chemical Synapse
Ionotropic receptors
Metabotropic receptors
two neurons linked together with gap junctions - they act lik…
channel linked receptors, ligand gated channels. The receptor…
G protein - coupled receptors, receptor and ion channel are 2…
Electrical Synapse
two neurons linked together with gap junctions - they act lik…
Chemical Synapse
24 terms
Synapse
Synapse
Synaptic cleft
Neurotransmitters
Describe how the neurotransmitters cro…
The place where two neurons meet.
the tiny gap of about 20 nm between the terminal of a neuron…
Action potentials are transmitted across the synaptic cleft b…
The neurotransmitters are in vesicles in the pre-synaptic cel…
Synapse
The place where two neurons meet.
Synaptic cleft
the tiny gap of about 20 nm between the terminal of a neuron…
20 terms
The Synapse -nervous system
Synapse
Axodendritic synapse
Axosomatic synapse
Presynaptic Neuron
a junction that mediates information transfer form one neuron…
axon endings of one neuron and dendrites of other neurons.
axon endings of one neuron and cell bodies of other neurons.
conducting impulse towards the synaptic neuron.
Synapse
a junction that mediates information transfer form one neuron…
Axodendritic synapse
axon endings of one neuron and dendrites of other neurons.
28 terms
Transmission of impulses at the synapse
Presynaptic neuron
postsynaptic cell
chemical synapse
synaptic cleft
refers to a nerve cells that carries a nerve impulse towards…
the neuron that receives the signal is a postsynaptic neuron…
plasma membranes of presynaptic and postsynaptic neurons in a…
- a small space that separates the plasma membranes of the pr…
Presynaptic neuron
refers to a nerve cells that carries a nerve impulse towards…
postsynaptic cell
the neuron that receives the signal is a postsynaptic neuron…
17 terms
Nerve impulse & Synapse
Nerve impulse
Action potential
Nerve pathway
Synapse
the message carried by a neuron
A neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down…
the route a nerve impulse travels through the nervous system
A junction where information is transmitted from one neuron t…
Nerve impulse
the message carried by a neuron
Action potential
A neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down…
5 terms
Synapse (Ch 13 - 5)
Presynaptic Cell
Postsynaptic Cell
Electrical synapse (Types)
Chemical Synapse (Types)
A cell carrying impulse toward the synapse
Is the cell receiving signal, most neurons serve in both they…
Has direct cell to cell connections, protein channels joint c…
synapsing cells do not touch and are separated by a synaptic…
Presynaptic Cell
A cell carrying impulse toward the synapse
Postsynaptic Cell
Is the cell receiving signal, most neurons serve in both they…
16 terms
The synapse
synapses
Presynaptic neuron
Postsynaptic neuron
Types of Synapses
A junction that mediates information transfer from one neuron…
conducts impulses toward the synapse
transmits impulses away from the synapse
Axodendritic, Axosomatic
synapses
A junction that mediates information transfer from one neuron…
Presynaptic neuron
conducts impulses toward the synapse
THE SYNAPSE
synapse
presynaptic neuron
postsynaptic neuron
synaptic knob
A junction where information is transmitted from one neuron,…
conducts impulses toward the synapse
transmits impulses away from the synapse
tiny bulge at the end of a terminal branch of a presynaptic n…
synapse
A junction where information is transmitted from one neuron,…
presynaptic neuron
conducts impulses toward the synapse
12 terms
The Synapse
Electrical Synapse
Chemical synapse
Directed vs. Non-directed synapse
Neuromodulation
-"gap junctions"... -fuses presynaptic and postsynaptic membrane…
-neurotransmitters released, but a bit slower... -excite or inhi…
-Directed releases towards single postsynaptic neuron... -Non-di…
-Axo-axonic synapses between an axon terminal and another axo…
Electrical Synapse
-"gap junctions"... -fuses presynaptic and postsynaptic membrane…
Chemical synapse
-neurotransmitters released, but a bit slower... -excite or inhi…
16 terms
Synapse
synapse
presynpatic neuron
postsynaptic neuron
axodendritic synapse
the junction that deals with the information transfered from…
conducts impulses toward the synapse
sends impulses away from the synapse
connects the axon of one neuron to the dendrite of another ne…
synapse
the junction that deals with the information transfered from…
presynpatic neuron
conducts impulses toward the synapse
29 terms
The Synapse and Synaptic Transmission
What is a synapse?
Presynaptic Neuron
Postsynaptic Neuron
What are the two types of synapses?
- synapse 'to clasp or join'... - a synapse is a specialized mem…
transmitting a signal toward the synpase
transmitting a signal away from the synapse
- electrical synapse... - chemical synapse
What is a synapse?
- synapse 'to clasp or join'... - a synapse is a specialized mem…
Presynaptic Neuron
transmitting a signal toward the synpase
9 terms
Synapse
synapse
effector
presynaptic neuron
postsynaptic neuron
the junction that allows for communication from 1 neuron to t…
a muscle or a gland
the neuron that is conducting the nerve impulse towards the s…
the neuron that is conducting the nerve impulse away from the…
synapse
the junction that allows for communication from 1 neuron to t…
effector
a muscle or a gland
26 terms
The Synapse
Presynaptic and postsynaptic neurons
neurons conducting impulses towards sy…
neurons transmitting electrical signal…
Axodendritic ( axon terminal of one ne…
What are the two types of neurons?
What are presynaptic neurons?
What are postsynaptic neurons?
What are the two common types of synaptic connections?
Presynaptic and postsynaptic neurons
What are the two types of neurons?
neurons conducting impulses towards sy…
What are presynaptic neurons?
27 terms
The Synapse
Synapse
Synaptic Cleft
Synaptic Vesicles
Presynaptic Neuron
- The junction between two neurons where a nerve impulse is t…
- Small, Fluid-filled gap between pre-and postsynaptic membra…
- Within axon knob - contain neurotransmitter
- Conducts impulses toward the synapse
Synapse
- The junction between two neurons where a nerve impulse is t…
Synaptic Cleft
- Small, Fluid-filled gap between pre-and postsynaptic membra…
29 terms
Synapses
synapse
axodendritic synapses
axosomatic synapses
Other synapses
junction that mediates information transfer from one neuron t…
synapses between the axonal endings of one neuron and the den…
between axonal endings of one neuron and cell bodies of other…
axoaxonic=between axons... dendrites=dendrodendritic... dendrites/c…
synapse
junction that mediates information transfer from one neuron t…
axodendritic synapses
synapses between the axonal endings of one neuron and the den…
9 terms
10-Ch 11 The Synapse
Nervous system works because
Neurons are functionally connected by
synapses are
Presynaptic neuron
information flows from neuron to neuron
synapses
junctions that mediate information transfer... ---From one neuro…
neuron conducting impulses toward synapse (sends information)
Nervous system works because
information flows from neuron to neuron
Neurons are functionally connected by
synapses
113 terms
Ch.11 The Synapse (pt.2)
What is a synapse
a synapse consists of a ______ and a _…
what are the 3 types of synapses
axodendritic
where two neurons meet
neuron and its effector cell
Axodendritic, axosomatic, axoaxonic
axon to dendrite
What is a synapse
where two neurons meet
a synapse consists of a ______ and a _…
neuron and its effector cell
6 terms
Ch. 11 Part 5: the Synapse
synapse
presynaptic cell
postsynaptic cell
electrical synapse
the junction between two cells where they communicate with ea…
the cell that transmits a signal toward the synapse
the cell that receives the signal
gap junctions that allow a local current to flow between adja…
synapse
the junction between two cells where they communicate with ea…
presynaptic cell
the cell that transmits a signal toward the synapse
16 terms
The Synapse
junction that mediates information tra…
what are presynaptic cells
what are postsynaptic cells
allows direct exchange of ions from ce…
synapse
neurons conducting impulses toward the synapse
neurons carrying impulses away from the synapse
electrical synapse
junction that mediates information tra…
synapse
what are presynaptic cells
neurons conducting impulses toward the synapse
15 terms
Synapse
Synapse
Two different types of synapses:
Electrical Synapse
Chemical synapse
to clasp or join; junction that mediates information from one…
1. chemical... 2. electrical
-gap junctions... -water filled channels thru which ions pass fr…
-use NT ... -chemical messengers of Nervous System-... -synaptic tr…
Synapse
to clasp or join; junction that mediates information from one…
Two different types of synapses:
1. chemical... 2. electrical
25 terms
The Synapse
Th junction between a neuron and a sec…
Cells have no space between them- are…
What two membranes are locked together…
contain pores that permit the passage…
Synapse
electrical synapse
Presynaptic and postsynaptic membranes
...
Th junction between a neuron and a sec…
Synapse
Cells have no space between them- are…
electrical synapse
35 terms
chemical synapse
graded potential vs action potential... d…
graded potential vs action potential... a…
graded potential vs action potential... c…
graded potential vs action potential... i…
graded potential: can cause depolarization or hyperpolarzatio…
graded: depends on strength of stimulus... action: doesnt depend…
graded: chemically ligang-gated channels and voltage gated Ca…
graded: Na+/Ca2+/Cl-... action: Na+/K+
graded potential vs action potential... d…
graded potential: can cause depolarization or hyperpolarzatio…
graded potential vs action potential... a…
graded: depends on strength of stimulus... action: doesnt depend…
12 terms
Nerves impulse and synapse
NERVE IMPULSE
ACTION POTENTIAL
NERVE PATHWAY
SYNAPSE
Consists of a wave of action potentials moving along the axon…
Electrical impulse that travels down the axon triggering the…
routes followed by nerve impulses as they pass through the ne…
A physical gap between two neurons that functions as the site…
NERVE IMPULSE
Consists of a wave of action potentials moving along the axon…
ACTION POTENTIAL
Electrical impulse that travels down the axon triggering the…
24 terms
steps in Synapse
Synapse
Synaptic cleft
Neurotransmitters
Describe how the neurotransmitters cro…
The place where two neurons meet.
the tiny gap of about 20 nm between the terminal of a neuron…
Action potentials are transmitted across the synaptic cleft b…
The neurotransmitters are in vesicles in the pre-synaptic cel…
Synapse
The place where two neurons meet.
Synaptic cleft
the tiny gap of about 20 nm between the terminal of a neuron…
21 terms
Synapse
Synapse
Presenaptic
Post synaptic
Post synaptic
Transfer info from one neuron to effector cell or another neu…
Towards the synapse
Sends electrical signal away from synapse
Can be another neuron or an effector
Synapse
Transfer info from one neuron to effector cell or another neu…
Presenaptic
Towards the synapse
37 terms
Synapse
Electrical Synapses
Electrical Synapses are NOT typical at…
Length of Electrical Synapse
Characteristics of Electrical Synapse
"Gap Junctions"
Axon Terminal
3.5 nm
- fused presynaptic and postsynaptic membrane, direct Action…
Electrical Synapses
"Gap Junctions"
Electrical Synapses are NOT typical at…
Axon Terminal
10 terms
Synapse
presynaptic neuron
postsynaptic neuron
chemical synapse
neurotransmitter
conducts impulse towards synapse, releases neurotransmitters
conducts impulse away from synapse, receives neurotransmitters
specialized for release and reception of chemical neurotransm…
chemical releasing signals that inhib or excite
presynaptic neuron
conducts impulse towards synapse, releases neurotransmitters
postsynaptic neuron
conducts impulse away from synapse, receives neurotransmitters
24 terms
Module 8- Part 4 The Synapse
Synapse:
Presynaptic neuron:
Postsynaptic neuron:
Types of synapses (3):
A junction that mediates info transfer from one neuron:... -To a…
conducts impulses toward the synapse
transmits impulses away from the synapse
1. Axodendritic... 2. Axosomatic... 3. Axoaxonic
Synapse:
A junction that mediates info transfer from one neuron:... -To a…
Presynaptic neuron:
conducts impulses toward the synapse
20 terms
Lecture 3 - The Synapse
MYASTHENIA GRAVIS
AXON HILLOCK
AXODENDRITIC SYNAPSE
AXOSOMATIC SYNAPSE
Autoimmune disorder in which the ACh receptors, which are loc…
The junction between the cell body & the axon.
The terminal button synapses with a dendrite of the postsynap…
The terminal button synapses with the cell body of the postsy…
MYASTHENIA GRAVIS
Autoimmune disorder in which the ACh receptors, which are loc…
AXON HILLOCK
The junction between the cell body & the axon.
Ch 11 exam 3- the synapse
junctions that mediate information tra…
how are neurons connected
a neuron conducting impulses towards t…
neuron transmitting electrical signal…
synapses
synapses
presynaptic neuron
postsynaptic neuron
junctions that mediate information tra…
synapses
how are neurons connected
synapses
The Synapse & Neuronal Pathways
synapse
presynaptic cell
postsynaptic cell
electrical synapses
the junction between two cells; where two cells communicate w…
the cell that transmits a signal toward a synapse
the cell that receives the signal from the synapse
gap junctions that allow an ionic current to flow between adj…
synapse
the junction between two cells; where two cells communicate w…
presynaptic cell
the cell that transmits a signal toward a synapse
10 terms
Nervous System: Synapse
Synapse
Presynaptic Neuron
Postsynaptic Neuron
Electrical Synapses
a junction that mediates info transfer from one neuron to ano…
Conducts impulses toward the synapse
Transmits impulses away from the synapse
- Less common than chemical synapses... - Neurons are electrical…
Synapse
a junction that mediates info transfer from one neuron to ano…
Presynaptic Neuron
Conducts impulses toward the synapse
34 terms
PSYCH 3313 CH. 4 Synapse
Electrical Synapses
difference between electrical and chem…
Chemical Synapses
components of the chemical synapse
"Gap Junctions" ... Fused presynaptic and postsynaptic membrane,…
The junction where messenger molecules (neurotransmitters) ar…
1. presynaptic membrane... 2. synaptic cleft... 3. postsynaptic mem…
Electrical Synapses
"Gap Junctions" ... Fused presynaptic and postsynaptic membrane,…
difference between electrical and chem…
General Psychology - Neuron & Synapse - Chapter 3
Sending Neuron
Receiving Neuron
2
5
Top Neuron
Bottom Neuron
Nucleus
Axon
Sending Neuron
Top Neuron
Receiving Neuron
Bottom Neuron
synapse
How do neurons connect?
presynaptic neuron
postsynaptic neuron
electrical synapse
synapses, junction that mediates information transfer from 1…
conducts impulses toward the synapse, carries neurotransmitter
transmits impulses away from the synapse, has receptors
contain protein channels that connect cytoplasm of 2 adjacent…
How do neurons connect?
synapses, junction that mediates information transfer from 1…
presynaptic neuron
conducts impulses toward the synapse, carries neurotransmitter
20 terms
The Synapse and Synaptic Transmission
synaptic transmission
presynaptic neuron
postsynaptic neuron
axodendritic synapse
-process of information transfer at a syapse... -presynaptic -->…
transmits a signal towards the synapse
transmits a signal away from the synapse
synapse that occurs between the axon terminals of one neuron…
synaptic transmission
-process of information transfer at a syapse... -presynaptic -->…
presynaptic neuron
transmits a signal towards the synapse
23 terms
General Psychology - Neuron & Synapse - Chapter 3
Sending Neuron
Receiving Neuron
2
5
Top Neuron
Bottom Neuron
Nucleus
Axon
Sending Neuron
Top Neuron
Receiving Neuron
Bottom Neuron
10 terms
Synapse
1
2
3
4
Action potential (nerve impulse) arrives at axon terminal of…
Nerve impulse causes the voltage-gates calcium gates to open
Calcium ions enter the cell/cytoplasm of presynaptic knob
Calcium ions causes vesicles to form around the neurotransmit…
1
Action potential (nerve impulse) arrives at axon terminal of…
2
Nerve impulse causes the voltage-gates calcium gates to open
31 terms
HTP HHB 3.3: The cells of the nervous system and neurotransmitters at synapses
Agonist
Antagonist
Axon
Converging neural pathway
chemical neurotransmitter or a drug that mimics one
drug that inhibits transmission of nerve impulses
neural fibre that conducts impulses away from the cell body
pathway in which impulses from many neurons are passed to one…
Agonist
chemical neurotransmitter or a drug that mimics one
Antagonist
drug that inhibits transmission of nerve impulses
Behavioral Neuroscience- Chemotransmission/The Synapse
electrical synapses, "gap junctions"
chemical synapses
directed synapses
non-directed synapse
fused presynaptic and postsynaptic membrane, direct AP propag…
junction where messenger molecules (neurotransmitters) are re…
NT released toward single postsynaptic neuron
released NT diffuses over wide area to affect many neurons
electrical synapses, "gap junctions"
fused presynaptic and postsynaptic membrane, direct AP propag…
chemical synapses
junction where messenger molecules (neurotransmitters) are re…
Synapse
Synapse
Electrical Synapses: Gap Junctions
Chemical Synapse; Connection Between
Synapses
an intercellular junction between 'excitable' cells; to clasp…
• water-filled channels thru which ions pass from one cell to…
• Two neurons (CNS) or Neuron & effector cell PNS muscle/glan…
• Neurons have 1000-10,000 axon terminals & are stimulated by…
Synapse
an intercellular junction between 'excitable' cells; to clasp…
Electrical Synapses: Gap Junctions
• water-filled channels thru which ions pass from one cell to…
26 terms
The Synapse (Chemotransmission)
electrical synapses "gap junctions"
chemical synapses
varieties of synapses: release- direct…
varieties of synapses: release- non-di…
fused presynaptic and postsynaptic membrane, direct action po…
the junction where messenger molecules (neurotransmitters) ar…
neurotransmitter released toward single postsynaptic neuron
released neurotransmitters diffuses over a wide area to effec…
electrical synapses "gap junctions"
fused presynaptic and postsynaptic membrane, direct action po…
chemical synapses
the junction where messenger molecules (neurotransmitters) ar…
38 terms
Neuroscience Chapter 3: The Synapse
Chemical Synapse
Electrical Synapse
Excitation
Inhibition
Synapse in which messages are transmitted from one neuron to…
A type of synapse in which a neuron directly affects an adjac…
Neural message that increases the likelihood that a receiving…
Neural message that decreases the likelihood that a receiving…
Chemical Synapse
Synapse in which messages are transmitted from one neuron to…
Electrical Synapse
A type of synapse in which a neuron directly affects an adjac…
NPB101: Neuron and AP and Synapse
Cell body
Dendrites
Axon
Axon hillock
-Houses nucleus and organelles... -input zone
-project from cell body... -increase surface area available for…
-nerve fiber... -tubular extension that conducts AP... -Conduction…
-region of cell body from which axon leaves + first part of a…
Cell body
-Houses nucleus and organelles... -input zone
Dendrites
-project from cell body... -increase surface area available for…
67 terms
Synapse
Synapse
Presynaptic terminal
Synaptic cleft
Postsynaptic terminal
The meeting between two neurons
Contains transmitter vesicles and mitochondria
Space that separates presynaprtic and post synaptic neuron
Receives signalsnfrom presynaptic terminal
Synapse
The meeting between two neurons
Presynaptic terminal
Contains transmitter vesicles and mitochondria
15 terms
Chapter 11 - Synapse & Neurotransmitters
Synapse
Axodendritic Synapses
Axosomatic Synapses
Presynaptic Neuron
A junction that mediates information transfer from one neuron…
Synapses between the axon endings of one neuron and the dendr…
Synapses between axon endings of one neuron and cell bodies o…
The neuron conducting impulses toward the synapse
Synapse
A junction that mediates information transfer from one neuron…
Axodendritic Synapses
Synapses between the axon endings of one neuron and the dendr…
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