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Study sets matching "term earth environmental science"

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Study sets matching "term earth environmental science"

23 terms
Earth and Environmental Science terms
Igneous
Melting and Cooling
Intrusive Igneous
Extrusive Igneous
having solidified from lava or magma
the process that turns any rock into magma or to become less…
magma that solidifies while still inside of the Earth's crust…
when magma explodes or flows to the surface of the earth and…
Igneous
having solidified from lava or magma
Melting and Cooling
the process that turns any rock into magma or to become less…
44 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Terms: Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
Hydrosphere
Basin
Geosphere
Layer of gases surrounding a planet
The water on the earth's surface
A natural depression in the surface of the land often with a…
The solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
Atmosphere
Layer of gases surrounding a planet
Hydrosphere
The water on the earth's surface
16 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Terms: Soil
Soil
Soil profile
Soil (texture) triangle
Soil horizon
A mix of organic material, to which plant life grows
A section of the soil from the surface down to where the soil…
A chart that gives names to match different of sand, silt, an…
A soil horizon is a layer generally lined up with the soil su…
Soil
A mix of organic material, to which plant life grows
Soil profile
A section of the soil from the surface down to where the soil…
13 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Terms
fossil fuels
renewable resource
non-renewable resource
nuclear fission
a natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed in the geological…
an organic natural resource which can replenish to overcome u…
A resource of economic value that cannot be readily replaced…
a nuclear reaction in which a heavy nucleus splits spontaneou…
fossil fuels
a natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed in the geological…
renewable resource
an organic natural resource which can replenish to overcome u…
36 terms
Earth & Environmental Science Terms: Fuels
Coal
Fossil Fuels
Hydroeletric
Geothermal Energy
A black or dark brown rock that consists of plants matter, an…
A natural type of fuel, formed by remains of living organisims
The creation of power using flowing water
Thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth
Coal
A black or dark brown rock that consists of plants matter, an…
Fossil Fuels
A natural type of fuel, formed by remains of living organisims
8 terms
Earth and Environmental Science
Thrust fault
Normal fault
Transform fault
Compression forces
...
...
Thrust fault
Normal fault
26 terms
Earth and Environmental Science: volcanoes
composite volcano
composite volcano
cinder cone volcano
cinder cone volcano
a tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternat…
A small, steeply sloped volcano that forms from moderately ex…
composite volcano
composite volcano
a tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternat…
110 terms
Mid-Term Review Earth and Environmental Science
solar system
galaxy
universe
precession
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
large group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity;…
all matter and energy that exists in space
a slow motion of Earth's axis that traces out a cone over a p…
solar system
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
galaxy
large group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity;…
11 terms
Earth Environmental Science Terms
Surface Current
Density Current
Density
Infiltration
A horizontal movement of ocean water that is caused by wind a…
Forms when more dense seawater sinks beneath less dense seawa…
Mass divided by volume
Flow of water from the land surface into the subsurface.
Surface Current
A horizontal movement of ocean water that is caused by wind a…
Density Current
Forms when more dense seawater sinks beneath less dense seawa…
205 terms
Final Review: Earth/Environmental Science
solar system
galaxy
universe
precession
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
large group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity;…
all matter and energy that exists in space
a slow motion of Earth's axis that traces out a cone over a p…
solar system
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
galaxy
large group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity;…
183 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Glossary
Kepler's first law
Kepler's second law
Kepler's third law
precession
The path of the planets about the sun is elliptical in shape,…
An imaginary line drawn from the center of the sun to the cen…
The ratio of the squares of the periods of any two planets is…
change in direction of the axis, but without any change in ti…
Kepler's first law
The path of the planets about the sun is elliptical in shape,…
Kepler's second law
An imaginary line drawn from the center of the sun to the cen…
44 terms
Earth/Environmental Science -- Air
Pressure gradient
cT
Cold Front
Warm Front
a change in pressure over a given distance
symbol for a continental tropical air mass
the boundary of an advancing cold air mass, characterized by…
the boundary of an advancing warm air mass, characterized by…
Pressure gradient
a change in pressure over a given distance
cT
symbol for a continental tropical air mass
6 terms
Earth/Environmental Science Unit 1 Set 2
Elliptical
Kepler's third law
Kepler's second law
Kepler's first law
oval; containing an ellipsis;
Another name for The Law of Harmonies; ... The ratio of the squa…
planets speed up as they come near the sun
All objects in the solar system orbit the sun in elliptical p…
Elliptical
oval; containing an ellipsis;
Kepler's third law
Another name for The Law of Harmonies; ... The ratio of the squa…
7 terms
Earth/Environmental Science Unit 1 Set 1
Rotation
Revolution
Precession
Perihelion
The spinning motion of a planet on its axis, (causes day and…
The movement of an object around another object, (1 revolutio…
A slow motion of Earth's axis that traces out a cone over a p…
point in Earth's orbit when it is nearest to the sun; (January)
Rotation
The spinning motion of a planet on its axis, (causes day and…
Revolution
The movement of an object around another object, (1 revolutio…
30 terms
Unit 4 Earth Environmental Science - Meteorology
Summer Solstice
Winter Solstice
Autumnal Equinox
Spring Equinox
June 21, ... Day with the most hours of sunlight and the fewest…
Earth's position near or on December 21, at which the norther…
The day of the year that marks the beginning of fall in the N…
March 20th or 21st in the Northern Hemisphere, when both hemi…
Summer Solstice
June 21, ... Day with the most hours of sunlight and the fewest…
Winter Solstice
Earth's position near or on December 21, at which the norther…
10 terms
Earth Environmental Science Unit 1 Set 5
Perigee
Apogee
Neap Tide
Spring Tide
point in an orbit that is closest to the earth
the point in an orbit most distant from the body being orbite…
A less than average tide occurring at the first and third qua…
When the tidal range is greatest. (full moon and new moon)
Perigee
point in an orbit that is closest to the earth
Apogee
the point in an orbit most distant from the body being orbite…
40 terms
Earth and Environmental Science - Water
Precipitation
evaporation
condensation
transpiration
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
The change of a liquid to a gas; the sun heats energy up and…
Gas to Liquid; gas gets colder and changes back to liquid , f…
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant gives of puri…
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
evaporation
The change of a liquid to a gas; the sun heats energy up and…
14 terms
Environmental Earth Science Beginning Terms
Succession
Species
Habitat
Habitat Fragmentation
A somewhat predictable series pf changes overtime in a commun…
A group of individuals that interbred and produce fertile off…
The specific environment in which an organism lives.
The division of a habitat into smaller patches.
Succession
A somewhat predictable series pf changes overtime in a commun…
Species
A group of individuals that interbred and produce fertile off…
17 terms
Introduction to Earth and Environmental Science
Lithosphere
Biosphere
Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
All the water at and near the surface of the earth, 97% of wh…
Air.
Lithosphere
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
Biosphere
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
11 terms
Earth and Environmental Science mid term
5 characteristics of a mineral
What classifies a sedimentary rock?
What classifies an Igneous rock?
What classifies a metamorphic rock?
.naturally occurring... .A solid at room temperature... .Has a fixe…
Clastic, bioclastic, crystalline.
Intrusive (magma) or Extrusive (lava). ... Speed of cooling.
Foliated (visible banding.)... Non-foliated (non visible banding.)
5 characteristics of a mineral
.naturally occurring... .A solid at room temperature... .Has a fixe…
What classifies a sedimentary rock?
Clastic, bioclastic, crystalline.
77 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Exam 3: Vocabulary and Terms
amphibolite
blueschist
burial metamorphism
contact metamorphism
a usually granoblastic rock made up mainly of amphibole and p…
a metamorphic rock formed under high pressures and moderate t…
low-grade metamorphism in which buried sedimentary rocks are…
metamorphism resulting from heat and pressure in a small area…
amphibolite
a usually granoblastic rock made up mainly of amphibole and p…
blueschist
a metamorphic rock formed under high pressures and moderate t…
27 terms
Earth and Environmental Science terms 9
mole-
mono-
mont-
mort-
mass
one, single
mountain
death
mole-
mass
mono-
one, single
27 terms
Earth and Environmental Science terms 5
en-
en-
encephal-
end-, ent-
in, into
made of
brain
within, in
en-
in, into
en-
made of
26 terms
Earth and Environmental Science terms 8
less
leuc-
lign-
lin-
without
white
wood
line
less
without
leuc-
white
42 terms
Earth and Environmental Science - Water
Precipitation
evaporation
condensation
transpiration
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
The change of a liquid to a gas; the sun heats energy up and…
Gas to Liquid; gas gets colder and changes back to liquid , f…
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant gives of puri…
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
evaporation
The change of a liquid to a gas; the sun heats energy up and…
72 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Final Exam: Vocabulary and Terms
aquiclude
aquifer
artesian flow
Darcy's law
a relatively impermeable formation that bounds an aquifer abo…
a porous formation that stores and transmits groundwater in s…
a spontaneous flow of groundwater through a confined aquifer…
a summary of the relationships among the volume of water flow…
aquiclude
a relatively impermeable formation that bounds an aquifer abo…
aquifer
a porous formation that stores and transmits groundwater in s…
24 terms
Mid term Earth/Environmental science
four spheres of earth science
weight
mass
density
Geology, meteorology, astronomy, oceanography
force of gravity
how much matter an objet has
how tightly packed an objects particles are
four spheres of earth science
Geology, meteorology, astronomy, oceanography
weight
force of gravity
91 terms
Environmental Earth Sciences Mid-term
Entisols
Histosols
Andisols
Gelisols
Little or no evidence of pedogenic horizon development.... Occur…
High organic matter content and no permafrost. Typically satu…
Form from weathering that produce minerals with little crysta…
Permafrost near the surface and/or have evidence of cryoturba…
Entisols
Little or no evidence of pedogenic horizon development.... Occur…
Histosols
High organic matter content and no permafrost. Typically satu…
55 terms
Earth & Environmental Science: ETT
Adaptations
Support Against Gravity - Land plants
Support Against Gravity - Arthropods
Support Against Gravity - Amphibians
- Support against gravity... - Water Balance​... - Reproduce... - Gas…
- Roots... - Turgidity(water pressure)... - Wood(resin filled xylem)
Strong EXOSKELETON of chitin with jointed legs for mobility
Strong ENDOSKELETON with legs for mobility
Adaptations
- Support against gravity... - Water Balance​... - Reproduce... - Gas…
Support Against Gravity - Land plants
- Roots... - Turgidity(water pressure)... - Wood(resin filled xylem)
30 terms
Earth/Environmental Science Introduction Vocab
science
Earth science
geology
meteorology
An organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
The science that focuses on planet Earth and its place in the…
The study of the physical nature, structure, and history of t…
The science dealing with the atmospheric conditions that prod…
science
An organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
Earth science
The science that focuses on planet Earth and its place in the…
15 terms
earth and environmental science
Earth Science
Geology
Oceanography
Biosphere
Any sciences, as geography, geology, or meteorology, that dea…
The science that deals with the dynamics and physical history…
The study of the ocean
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
Earth Science
Any sciences, as geography, geology, or meteorology, that dea…
Geology
The science that deals with the dynamics and physical history…
80 terms
Earth & Environmental Science Vocabulary
Abiotic Factor
Agriculture/Aquaculture
Air Mass
Air Pressure
A non-living thing that influences or affects an ecosystem
The production and/or farming of crops, livestock, seafood, e…
An immense body of air that is characterized by similar tempe…
The force exerted by the weight of a column of air above a gi…
Abiotic Factor
A non-living thing that influences or affects an ecosystem
Agriculture/Aquaculture
The production and/or farming of crops, livestock, seafood, e…
66 terms
Earth & Environmental Science Vocabulary
Dike
Epicenter
Exfoliation
Fault
A slab of volcanic rock formed when magma forces itself acros…
Point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's focus
Extreme high temperatures cause the outer rock layer to be st…
A crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement…
Dike
A slab of volcanic rock formed when magma forces itself acros…
Epicenter
Point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's focus
99 terms
Earth & Environmental Science - Hydrosphere
Oceanography
Bathymetry
4 Major Ocean Basins
Sonar
Study of Earth's oceans
(Bathos = Depth, Metry = Measurement) The measurement of ocea…
Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, and Arctic
Sound Navigation and Ranging; ... A device that determines the d…
Oceanography
Study of Earth's oceans
Bathymetry
(Bathos = Depth, Metry = Measurement) The measurement of ocea…
166 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Glossary
Kepler's first law
Kepler's second law
Kepler's third law
precession
The path of the planets about the sun is elliptical in shape,…
An imaginary line drawn from the center of the sun to the cen…
The ratio of the squares of the periods of any two planets is…
change in direction of the axis, but without any change in ti…
Kepler's first law
The path of the planets about the sun is elliptical in shape,…
Kepler's second law
An imaginary line drawn from the center of the sun to the cen…
8 terms
Earth & Environmental Science Maps
Mercator Map
Robinson Map
Gnomic Map
Interrupted Map
shows directions accurately; sizes and distances are distorted
shows nearly the correct size and shape of most land areas ho…
Accurately shows the shortest distance between two points; di…
looks like an orange peel (unrolls the earth); advantage: sho…
Mercator Map
shows directions accurately; sizes and distances are distorted
Robinson Map
shows nearly the correct size and shape of most land areas ho…
42 terms
Hydrosphere - Earth/Environmental Science
Conveyor Belt
Salinity
Density Currents
Vertical Currents
The measured amount of dissolved salt in a liquid.
movement of ocean water that occurs in depths too great to be…
Deep Currents, Caused by difference in density. Altured by te…
Conveyor Belt
Salinity
The measured amount of dissolved salt in a liquid.
28 terms
Earth/Environmental Science - Astronomy
Universe
Galaxy
Rotation
Revolution
Everything, All of space, stars, planets, etc.
A system of millions/billions stars all together, gas and dus…
The process of turning or circling around something. Ex: The…
Movement of one object around a center or another object. Ex:…
Universe
Everything, All of space, stars, planets, etc.
Galaxy
A system of millions/billions stars all together, gas and dus…
87 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Benchmark Review #2
lithosphere
crust
mantle
outer core
earth's crust
top layer of earth
second layer (semi-liquid)
third layer, made of liquid, generates earth's magnetic field
lithosphere
earth's crust
crust
top layer of earth
45 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Review
Earth
Geosphere
Atmosphere
Hydrosphere
made up of rock, air, water and living things that all intera…
The solid part of Earth that consists of rock as well as the…
A mixture of gases that makes up the air we breathe.
All of the water on or near Earth's surface mostly consisting…
Earth
made up of rock, air, water and living things that all intera…
Geosphere
The solid part of Earth that consists of rock as well as the…
18 terms
Earth and Environmental Science: Water
Salt water
Fresh water
Ice
liquid water
96% of all water
4% of all water
3% of fresh water
1% of all fresh water
Salt water
96% of all water
Fresh water
4% of all water
16 terms
Introduction to Earth/Environmental Science
Meterology
Geology
Unit: measures length
Hypothesis
study of the atmosphere (weather and climate)
study of the Earth (volcanoes, earthquakes)
meters
an educated guess
Meterology
study of the atmosphere (weather and climate)
Geology
study of the Earth (volcanoes, earthquakes)
32 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Honors Unit 1 Terms
Astronomy
Geology
Meteorology
Oceanography
study of objects beyond earth's atmosphere
study of materials that make up the earth and the processes t…
study of the air that surrounds our planet
study of earth's oceans
Astronomy
study of objects beyond earth's atmosphere
Geology
study of materials that make up the earth and the processes t…
93 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Honors Unit 5 Terms
salt water
fresh water
earth's surface is covered _____% by w…
oceans
97% of earth's water
3% of earth's water, 2.997% is locked in ice caps or glaciers…
71%
regulate climate, covers 71% of planet, provides marine organ…
salt water
97% of earth's water
fresh water
3% of earth's water, 2.997% is locked in ice caps or glaciers…
38 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Honors Unit 3 Terms
Earth's Atmosphere
Ozone
good ozone
bad ozone
extends from earth's surface to outer space
a gas formed by the of a third oxygen molecule to oxygen gas,…
in a layer that absorbs ultraviolet radiation from the sun. l…
harmful agent that contributes to smog, causing respiratory p…
Earth's Atmosphere
extends from earth's surface to outer space
Ozone
a gas formed by the of a third oxygen molecule to oxygen gas,…
28 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Honors Unit 7 Terms
Divergent
Convergent
Subduction
Transform
two tectonic plates are moving apart
two tectonic plates move toward one another
the more dense plate descends beneath the other plate
(strike slip); two tectonic plates slide horizontal to one an…
Divergent
two tectonic plates are moving apart
Convergent
two tectonic plates move toward one another
Final Review: Earth/Environmental Science
solar system
galaxy
universe
precession
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
large group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity;…
all matter and energy that exists in space
a slow motion of Earth's axis that traces out a cone over a p…
solar system
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
galaxy
large group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity;…
63 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Honors Unit 2 Terms
Cosmology
Steady-State Theory
Big Bang Theory
Interstellar Cloud Theory
study of the universe, it's current nature, and its origin/ev…
theory that the universe has always looked this way, and that…
theory that the universe was compacted at an infinitely small…
(not its actually name), interstellar clouds collapse on them…
Cosmology
study of the universe, it's current nature, and its origin/ev…
Steady-State Theory
theory that the universe has always looked this way, and that…
18 terms
earth environmental science fronts
water vapor
isotherms
cold front
warm front
water produce by evaporation
a curve on a diagram joining points representing states or co…
a gust of cold wind
a gust of warm wind
water vapor
water produce by evaporation
isotherms
a curve on a diagram joining points representing states or co…
67 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Honors Unit 4 Terms
Meteorology
Hydrometeors
Lithometeors
Electrometeors
study of atmospheric phenomenons
rain, sleet, snow and hail (precipitation)
smoke, haze, dust, and other condensation nuclei
evidence of atmospheric electricity such as thunder and light…
Meteorology
study of atmospheric phenomenons
Hydrometeors
rain, sleet, snow and hail (precipitation)
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