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Study sets matching "term earth science chapter 7 rocks"

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Study sets matching "term earth science chapter 7 rocks"

16 terms
5th & 6th Science Chapter 7 Earth's Rocks
The bottom soil horizon, mainly compos…
Rock that forms when melted rock hardens
Melted rock that has risen to Earth's…
Melted rock within Earth
Bedrock
Igneous rock
Lava
Magma
The bottom soil horizon, mainly compos…
Bedrock
Rock that forms when melted rock hardens
Igneous rock
Science Chapter 7- Earth's Rocks
mineral
igneous rock
magma
lava
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
Rock that forms when melted rock cools and hardens
Melted rock within earth
Magma that is exposed at Earth's surface
mineral
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
igneous rock
Rock that forms when melted rock cools and hardens
16 terms
Mr. Hayman Science 6 Chapter 7 Earth's Rocks Review
The bottom soil horizon, mainly compos…
Rock that forms when melted rock hardens
Melted rock that has risen to Earth's…
Melted rock within Earth
Bedrock
Igneous rock
Lava
Magma
The bottom soil horizon, mainly compos…
Bedrock
Rock that forms when melted rock hardens
Igneous rock
39 terms
chapter 7, rocks, earth science
rock cycle
erosion
deposistion
weathering
the series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
removal and transport of minerals using all natural forces (i…
the process by which materials are dropped, such as sand or s…
the break up of rock due to exposure to processes that occur…
rock cycle
the series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
erosion
removal and transport of minerals using all natural forces (i…
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7: Rocks and Soil
The physical properties of rocks inclu…
_____________________ is a mineral tha…
_____________________ rock is formed f…
___________________ is the thin layer…
texture
Halite
Sedimentary
Soil
The physical properties of rocks inclu…
texture
_____________________ is a mineral tha…
Halite
10 terms
6th Science Chapter 7 Earth's Rocks
mineral
igneous rock
magma
lava
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
Rock formed when melted rock hardens
Melted rock within Earth
Magma that is exposed to Earth's surface
mineral
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
igneous rock
Rock formed when melted rock hardens
10 terms
Science Chapter 7 Earth's Rocks
mineral
igneous rock
magma
lava
A natural solid substance that has a definite chemical compos…
Rock formed when melted rock hardens
melted rock within earth
Magma that is exposed at earth's surface
mineral
A natural solid substance that has a definite chemical compos…
igneous rock
Rock formed when melted rock hardens
8 terms
Mr. Hayman Science 6 Chapter 7 Earth's Rocks Vocabulary
The bottom soil horizon, mainly compos…
Rock that forms when melted rock hardens
Melted rock that has risen to Earth's…
Melted rock within Earth
Bedrock
Igneous rock
Lava
Magma
The bottom soil horizon, mainly compos…
Bedrock
Rock that forms when melted rock hardens
Igneous rock
10 terms
Chapter 7 Vocabulary - Earth's Rocks
Mineral
Igneous Rock
Magma
Lava
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
Rock formed when melted rock hardens.
Melted rock within Earth.
Magma that is exposed at Earth's surface.
Mineral
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
Igneous Rock
Rock formed when melted rock hardens.
10 terms
Bgkressman- SCIENCE: Chapter7: Earth's Rocks
Mineral
Igneous Rock
Magma
Lava
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
Rock formed when melted rock hardens.
Melted rock within Earth. (molten rock)
Magma that is exposed at Earth's surface.
Mineral
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
Igneous Rock
Rock formed when melted rock hardens.
20 terms
Middle School Chapter 7 - Earth's Rocks
mineral
igneous rock
magma
lava
Basic building blocks of rocks they are composed of elements…
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
Magma that flows out onto Earth's surface.
mineral
Basic building blocks of rocks they are composed of elements…
igneous rock
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4: Rocks
Texture
Grains
igneous rock
metamorphic rock
the look and feel of the rock's surface
A particle of mineral or other rock that gives a rock its tex…
a type of rock that forms form the cooling of molten rock at…
a type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
Texture
the look and feel of the rock's surface
Grains
A particle of mineral or other rock that gives a rock its tex…
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
weak spot in the crust where magma (molten materials) has com…
molten mixture of rock forming substances, gases and water fr…
molten (liquid) from deep within the mantle melts through the…
area of volcanoes forming around the Pacific Ocean
volcano
weak spot in the crust where magma (molten materials) has com…
magma
molten mixture of rock forming substances, gases and water fr…
8 terms
Chapter 7 Earth's Rocks
mineral
lava
topsoil
igneous rock
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
Liquid magma that reaches the surface
A soil layer made of rock fragments, plant matter, decaying a…
A rock formed from cooled magma/or lava.
mineral
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
lava
Liquid magma that reaches the surface
Chapter 7 Science: Rocks and Soil
Rock
Mineral
Forms when molten Earth materials cool…
Forms when small pieces of rocky matte…
Natural, solid, non-living material made of one or more miner…
A natural material that forms from nonliving matter
Igneous Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Rock
Natural, solid, non-living material made of one or more miner…
Mineral
A natural material that forms from nonliving matter
10 terms
Earth's Rocks chapter 7
mineral
igneous rock
magma
lava
a natural solid substance that has a definite chemical compos…
formed when melted rock hardens
melted rock within earth
when magma is exposed at Earth's surface
mineral
a natural solid substance that has a definite chemical compos…
igneous rock
formed when melted rock hardens
46 terms
Earth & Space Science Chapter 7
Viscosity
Lava tubes
Vent
Parasitic cone
A measure of a fluid's resistance to flow. The greater the vi…
Pahoehoe flows often develop cave-like tunnels called ____ __…
A conduit that connects a magma chamber to a volcanic crater.
A volcanic cone that forms on the flank of a larger volcano.
Viscosity
A measure of a fluid's resistance to flow. The greater the vi…
Lava tubes
Pahoehoe flows often develop cave-like tunnels called ____ __…
28 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3: Rocks Vocabulary
Rock
Igneous rock
Sedimentary rock
Metamorphic rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
a rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks…
rock formed by the alteration of preexisting rock deep within…
Rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
Igneous rock
a rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
13 terms
Earth Science/ Rocks/ ch,7
Rock
Weathering
Erosion
Granitic magma
Organic; crystallian pattern; mixture not compositionl; solid
Breaking down of something
moving of weathered particles by wind, running water, Gravity…
A type of magma that has a lot of Si, is light colored, low t…
Rock
Organic; crystallian pattern; mixture not compositionl; solid
Weathering
Breaking down of something
8 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Vocab
Weathering
Erosion
Mechanical Weathering
Frost Wedging
The Process by which rocks on or near Earth's surface break d…
The removal and transport of weathered material from one loca…
The process by which rocks and minerals break down into small…
The repeated thawing and freezing of water ib the cracks of r…
Weathering
The Process by which rocks on or near Earth's surface break d…
Erosion
The removal and transport of weathered material from one loca…
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7: Glaciers, Deserts, and Wind
Ice age
Glacier
Snowline
Valley glacier
a period of time when much of Earth's land is covered by glac…
a thick mass of ice originating on land from the compaction a…
lowest elevation in a particular area that remains covered in…
a glacier confined to a mountain valley, which in most instan…
Ice age
a period of time when much of Earth's land is covered by glac…
Glacier
a thick mass of ice originating on land from the compaction a…
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
glacier
snowline
Valley Glaciers
Ice sheets
a thick ice mass that forms above the snowline over hundreds…
The lowest elevation in a particular area that remains covere…
Ice masses that slowly advance down mountain valleys original…
enormous ice masses that flow in all directions from one or m…
glacier
a thick ice mass that forms above the snowline over hundreds…
snowline
The lowest elevation in a particular area that remains covere…
15 terms
Chapter 7 Earth Science Vocabulary Terms
Ice age
Glacier
Snowline
Valley Glacier
a period of time when much of Earth's land is covered by glac…
a thick mass of ice originating on land from the compaction a…
lowest elevation in a particular area that remains covered in…
a glacier confined to a mountain valley, which in most instan…
Ice age
a period of time when much of Earth's land is covered by glac…
Glacier
a thick mass of ice originating on land from the compaction a…
15 terms
EARTH SCIENCE Chapter 7: Weathering, Erosion, and Soil
chemical weathering
exfoliation
frost wedging
mechanical weathering
process by which rocks and minerals undergo changes in their…
mechanical weathering process in which outer rock layers are…
mechanical weathering process that occurs when water repeated…
process that breaks down rocks and minerals into smaller piec…
chemical weathering
process by which rocks and minerals undergo changes in their…
exfoliation
mechanical weathering process in which outer rock layers are…
37 terms
Earth Science - chapter 7
topography
isostasy
landforms
orogeny
the variation of land surface elevations caused by different…
the balance of the weights of rock, water and ice and the upw…
the shapes of the structures on the earth's surface
having to do with the making of mountains through tectonic pr…
topography
the variation of land surface elevations caused by different…
isostasy
the balance of the weights of rock, water and ice and the upw…
33 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
Anticline
basin
compression
confining stress
A fold in rock that bends upward into an arch
a natural depression in the surface of the land often with a…
Stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks
Stressed applied to a rock from the weight of the material ab…
Anticline
A fold in rock that bends upward into an arch
basin
a natural depression in the surface of the land often with a…
41 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 7
Subduction
Convergent
Divergent
Transform
Seafloor Subduction. One plate going under another plate.
A tectonic plate boundary where two plates collide, come toge…
A boundary where the plates are moving AWAY from each other.
Boundary between two plates that are sliding past each other.
Subduction
Seafloor Subduction. One plate going under another plate.
Convergent
A tectonic plate boundary where two plates collide, come toge…
21 terms
Chapter 7 Minerals and Rocks Science
Mineral
Inorganic
Crystal
Streak
A naturally occurring solid that can form by inorganic proces…
Not formed from living things or the the remains of living th…
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
The color of a mineral's powder.
Mineral
A naturally occurring solid that can form by inorganic proces…
Inorganic
Not formed from living things or the the remains of living th…
15 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Ore
lode
placer deposit
gemstone
a natural material whose concentration of economically valuab…
a mineral deposit within a rock formation
a deposit that contains a valuable mineral that has been conc…
a mineral, rock, or organic material that can be used as jewe…
Ore
a natural material whose concentration of economically valuab…
lode
a mineral deposit within a rock formation
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
weathering
mechanical weathering
ice wedging
chemical weathering
mechanical or chemical surface processes that break rock into…
physical processes that break rock apart without changing its…
mechanical weathering process that occurs when water freezes…
occurs when chemical reactions dissolve the minerals in rocks…
weathering
mechanical or chemical surface processes that break rock into…
mechanical weathering
physical processes that break rock apart without changing its…
28 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Rocks
rock
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
A consolidated mixture of minerals.
A rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma.
A rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rock…
A rock formed by the alteration of preexisting rock deep with…
rock
A consolidated mixture of minerals.
igneous rock
A rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma.
Science Chapter 7 The Earth - Terms to Remember
rotate
revolve
axis
orbit
To turn like a top, spin. This movement by the earth causes d…
To move around another object. This movement by the earth, ti…
The imaginary line that extends out from earth from the North…
The path an object follows as it revolves around another obje…
rotate
To turn like a top, spin. This movement by the earth causes d…
revolve
To move around another object. This movement by the earth, ti…
10 terms
Chapter 7 Earth's rocks
mineral
igneous rock
magma
lava
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
Rock formed when melted rock hardens
Melted rock within Earth
Magma that is exposed at Earth's surface
mineral
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
igneous rock
Rock formed when melted rock hardens
18 terms
Earth Science; Chapter 7
Solar Energy
Biomass
Hydroelectric Energy
Geothermal Energy
Energy received by Earth from the sun in the form of radiation
Plant material and other organic matter used as an energy sou…
Electrical energy produced by the flow of water
Energy produced by heat within Earth
Solar Energy
Energy received by Earth from the sun in the form of radiation
Biomass
Plant material and other organic matter used as an energy sou…
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Ice Wedging
Chemical Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
Process that splits rock when water seeps into cracks, then f…
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Mechanical Weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
92 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 The Moon
Less Dense
accretion theory
Full Moon
waxing
Compared to the earth's average density, the average density…
What theory states that the earth and the moon both originall…
In what phase of its cycle must the moon be for a total lunar…
During the first half of the lunar month, the moon is said to…
Less Dense
Compared to the earth's average density, the average density…
accretion theory
What theory states that the earth and the moon both originall…
38 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Rocks: Mineral Mixtures
rock
rock cycle
weathering
erosion
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals a…
continual process by which new rock forms from old rock
breaking down of rock into fragments
the removal of the rock fragments from the rock
rock
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals a…
rock cycle
continual process by which new rock forms from old rock
15 terms
earth science chapter 7
Weathering
Mechanical weathering
Frost wedging
Exfoliation
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
A mechanical weathering process which removes protuding overl…
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Mechanical weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
40 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Plate Tectonics
crust
mantle
core
lithosphere
outermost layer of earth
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
central part of earth, made of iron & nickel
solid, outer layer of earth that consists of rigid crust and…
crust
outermost layer of earth
mantle
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
74 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Ice wedging
Pressure (From roots)
the process in which materials on earth's surface break down…
rocks break down into smaller pieces but don't change chemica…
water entering into cracks, freezing and therefore expanding
(Cause of weathering) roots of trees exert pressure on the ro…
Weathering
the process in which materials on earth's surface break down…
Mechanical Weathering
rocks break down into smaller pieces but don't change chemica…
94 terms
NMBCS Earth Science Chapter 7
atmosphere
homosphere
nitrogen
oxygen
the blanket of gases that surrounds our planet to protect and…
the lower atmosphere (homo- means same or uniform)
makes up 78% of the gas that we breath also the most abundant.
makes up 21% of the earths gases.
atmosphere
the blanket of gases that surrounds our planet to protect and…
homosphere
the lower atmosphere (homo- means same or uniform)
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2: Rocks
Mineral
Rock
Rock Cycle
Weathering
a naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite cryst…
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
process in which water, wind, ice and heat, breaks down rock…
Mineral
a naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite cryst…
Rock
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
40 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Plate Tectonics
crust
mantle
core
lithosphere
outermost layer of earth
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
central part of earth, made of iron & nickel
solid, outer layer of earth that consists of rigid crust and…
crust
outermost layer of earth
mantle
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
24 terms
chapter 7 earth science
Valley Glaciers
Plastic flow
Basal slip
budget
ice masses that slowly advance down mountain valleys original…
involves movement within the ice
slipping an sliding downward due to gravity
is the balance or lack of balance, between accumulation at th…
Valley Glaciers
ice masses that slowly advance down mountain valleys original…
Plastic flow
involves movement within the ice
Earth Science Chapter 7
Ice Age
Glacier
Ice Sheets
Glacial Flow
A period of time when much of Earth's land was covered in gla…
Thick ice mass that forms over hundreds or thousands of years.
Enormous ice masses that flow in all directions from one or m…
The movement of glaciers. Glaciers can move several meters pe…
Ice Age
A period of time when much of Earth's land was covered in gla…
Glacier
Thick ice mass that forms over hundreds or thousands of years.
27 terms
Earth Science Unit 7 Rocks
ROCK
ROCK CYCLE
IGNEOUS
INTRUSIVE
COMBINATION OF MINERALS, MINERALOIDS, AND ORGANIC MATTER.
PROCESSES THAT CHANGE ONE ROCK INTO ANOTHER.
ROCK FORMED FROM LAVA OR MAGMA.
IGNEOUS ROCK FORMED INSIDE THE EARTH FROM MAGMA.
ROCK
COMBINATION OF MINERALS, MINERALOIDS, AND ORGANIC MATTER.
ROCK CYCLE
PROCESSES THAT CHANGE ONE ROCK INTO ANOTHER.
24 terms
Earth Science chapter 7
Clastic
biochemical
organic
chemical
solid fragments and grains of pre-existign rocks or shells ce…
consists of shells of organisms (clams, coral reefs) cemented…
consist of carbon-rich relicts of plants (coal)
made from minerals precipitated directly from water
Clastic
solid fragments and grains of pre-existign rocks or shells ce…
biochemical
consists of shells of organisms (clams, coral reefs) cemented…
24 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
residual soil
weathering
mechanical weathering
frost wedging
a soil whose parent material is the local bedrock
process by which materials on or near the Earth's surface bre…
where rocks and minerals break down into smaller pieces; no c…
the freeze-thaw cycle in the cracks of rocks; type of mechani…
residual soil
a soil whose parent material is the local bedrock
weathering
process by which materials on or near the Earth's surface bre…
13 terms
Science Chapter 7: The Rock Cycle
mineral
rock
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
a solid substance that occurs naturally in rocks or in the gr…
a solid substance made of one or more minerals
a type of rock that forms from melted rock that cools and har…
a type of rock that forms when layers of sediment are pressed…
mineral
a solid substance that occurs naturally in rocks or in the gr…
rock
a solid substance made of one or more minerals
12 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 7 Earthquakes
earthquake
elastic rebound
seismic wave
fault
a movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sud…
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
a wave of energy that travels through the Earth and away from…
a break in a body of rock along which one block slides relati…
earthquake
a movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sud…
elastic rebound
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
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