Study sets matching "term earth science chapter 7 rocks"

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Study sets matching "term earth science chapter 7 rocks"

16 terms
5th & 6th Science Chapter 7 Earth's Rocks
The bottom soil horizon, mainly compos…
Rock that forms when melted rock hardens
Melted rock that has risen to Earth's…
Melted rock within Earth
Bedrock
Igneous rock
Lava
Magma
The bottom soil horizon, mainly compos…
Bedrock
Rock that forms when melted rock hardens
Igneous rock
Science Chapter 7- Earth's Rocks
mineral
igneous rock
magma
lava
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
Rock that forms when melted rock cools and hardens
Melted rock within earth
Magma that is exposed at Earth's surface
mineral
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
igneous rock
Rock that forms when melted rock cools and hardens
chapter 7, rocks, earth science
rock cycle
erosion
deposistion
weathering
the series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
removal and transport of minerals using all natural forces (i…
the process by which materials are dropped, such as sand or s…
the break up of rock due to exposure to processes that occur…
rock cycle
the series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
erosion
removal and transport of minerals using all natural forces (i…
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7: Rocks and Soil
The physical properties of rocks inclu…
_____________________ is a mineral tha…
_____________________ rock is formed f…
___________________ is the thin layer…
texture
Halite
Sedimentary
Soil
The physical properties of rocks inclu…
texture
_____________________ is a mineral tha…
Halite
16 terms
Mr. Hayman Science 6 Chapter 7 Earth's Rocks Review
The bottom soil horizon, mainly compos…
Rock that forms when melted rock hardens
Melted rock that has risen to Earth's…
Melted rock within Earth
Bedrock
Igneous rock
Lava
Magma
The bottom soil horizon, mainly compos…
Bedrock
Rock that forms when melted rock hardens
Igneous rock
10 terms
Science Chapter 7 Earth's Rocks
mineral
igneous rock
magma
lava
A natural solid substance that has a definite chemical compos…
Rock formed when melted rock hardens
melted rock within earth
Magma that is exposed at earth's surface
mineral
A natural solid substance that has a definite chemical compos…
igneous rock
Rock formed when melted rock hardens
10 terms
6th Science Chapter 7 Earth's Rocks
mineral
igneous rock
magma
lava
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
Rock formed when melted rock hardens
Melted rock within Earth
Magma that is exposed to Earth's surface
mineral
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
igneous rock
Rock formed when melted rock hardens
10 terms
Bgkressman- SCIENCE: Chapter7: Earth's Rocks
Mineral
Igneous Rock
Magma
Lava
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
Rock formed when melted rock hardens.
Melted rock within Earth. (molten rock)
Magma that is exposed at Earth's surface.
Mineral
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
Igneous Rock
Rock formed when melted rock hardens.
8 terms
Mr. Hayman Science 6 Chapter 7 Earth's Rocks Vocabulary
The bottom soil horizon, mainly compos…
Rock that forms when melted rock hardens
Melted rock that has risen to Earth's…
Melted rock within Earth
Bedrock
Igneous rock
Lava
Magma
The bottom soil horizon, mainly compos…
Bedrock
Rock that forms when melted rock hardens
Igneous rock
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4: Rocks
Texture
Grains
igneous rock
metamorphic rock
the look and feel of the rock's surface
A particle of mineral or other rock that gives a rock its tex…
a type of rock that forms form the cooling of molten rock at…
a type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
Texture
the look and feel of the rock's surface
Grains
A particle of mineral or other rock that gives a rock its tex…
Chapter 7 Earth's Rocks
mineral
lava
topsoil
igneous rock
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
Liquid magma that reaches the surface
A soil layer made of rock fragments, plant matter, decaying a…
A rock formed from cooled magma/or lava.
mineral
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
lava
Liquid magma that reaches the surface
10 terms
Earth's Rocks chapter 7
mineral
igneous rock
magma
lava
a natural solid substance that has a definite chemical compos…
formed when melted rock hardens
melted rock within earth
when magma is exposed at Earth's surface
mineral
a natural solid substance that has a definite chemical compos…
igneous rock
formed when melted rock hardens
20 terms
Middle School Chapter 7 - Earth's Rocks
mineral
igneous rock
magma
lava
Basic building blocks of rocks they are composed of elements…
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
Magma that flows out onto Earth's surface.
mineral
Basic building blocks of rocks they are composed of elements…
igneous rock
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
Earth Science Chapter 7
Pangaea
Continental drift
Evidence that the continents have moved
Mid-ocean ridges
All the continents were once part of a supercontinent
Suggests that continents are in constant motion on the surfac…
Climate clues- found evidence of glaciers in places that toda…
Mountain ranges in the middle of the oceans
Pangaea
All the continents were once part of a supercontinent
Continental drift
Suggests that continents are in constant motion on the surfac…
Earth Science Chapter 7
Mt. Everest
isostasy
elevation
Mt. McKinley
highest mountain in the world
balance of the weights of the rocky materials, water, and ice…
height of a mountain's peak above mean sea level
mountain with the highest elevation in North America
Mt. Everest
highest mountain in the world
isostasy
balance of the weights of the rocky materials, water, and ice…
13 terms
Earth Science/ Rocks/ ch,7
Rock
Weathering
Erosion
Granitic magma
Organic; crystallian pattern; mixture not compositionl; solid
Breaking down of something
moving of weathered particles by wind, running water, Gravity…
A type of magma that has a lot of Si, is light colored, low t…
Rock
Organic; crystallian pattern; mixture not compositionl; solid
Weathering
Breaking down of something
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
weak spot in the crust where magma (molten materials) has com…
molten mixture of rock forming substances, gases and water fr…
molten (liquid) from deep within the mantle melts through the…
area of volcanoes forming around the Pacific Ocean
volcano
weak spot in the crust where magma (molten materials) has com…
magma
molten mixture of rock forming substances, gases and water fr…
10 terms
Chapter 7 Vocabulary - Earth's Rocks
Mineral
Igneous Rock
Magma
Lava
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
Rock formed when melted rock hardens.
Melted rock within Earth.
Magma that is exposed at Earth's surface.
Mineral
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
Igneous Rock
Rock formed when melted rock hardens.
28 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3: Rocks Vocabulary
Rock
Igneous rock
Sedimentary rock
Metamorphic rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
a rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks…
rock formed by the alteration of preexisting rock deep within…
Rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
Igneous rock
a rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
Chapter 7 Science: Rocks and Soil
Rock
Mineral
Forms when molten Earth materials cool…
Forms when small pieces of rocky matte…
Natural, solid, non-living material made of one or more miner…
A natural material that forms from nonliving matter
Igneous Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Rock
Natural, solid, non-living material made of one or more miner…
Mineral
A natural material that forms from nonliving matter
Earth Science Chapter 7 Vocab
Weathering
Erosion
Mechanical Weathering
Frost Wedging
The Process by which rocks on or near Earth's surface break d…
The removal and transport of weathered material from one loca…
The process by which rocks and minerals break down into small…
The repeated thawing and freezing of water ib the cracks of r…
Weathering
The Process by which rocks on or near Earth's surface break d…
Erosion
The removal and transport of weathered material from one loca…
Earth Science - chapter 7
topography
isostasy
landforms
orogeny
the variation of land surface elevations caused by different…
the balance of the weights of rock, water and ice and the upw…
the shapes of the structures on the earth's surface
having to do with the making of mountains through tectonic pr…
topography
the variation of land surface elevations caused by different…
isostasy
the balance of the weights of rock, water and ice and the upw…
Earth Science Chapter 7
weathering
chemical weathering
mechanical weathering
ice wedging
breaking down of rocks and other materials on Earths surface
weathering that changes the chemical makeup of rocks
weathering in which the chemical make up of rocks does not ch…
mechanical weathering caused by the freezing and melting of w…
weathering
breaking down of rocks and other materials on Earths surface
chemical weathering
weathering that changes the chemical makeup of rocks
22 terms
CPO Middle School Earth Science (Chapter 7)
Salinity
surface ocean currents
gyres
deep ocean currents
a term that describes the saltiness of water
wind-driven currents that moves at the ocean surface, often f…
large rotating ocean current systems
density and temperature-driven currents that move slowly with…
Salinity
a term that describes the saltiness of water
surface ocean currents
wind-driven currents that moves at the ocean surface, often f…
Earth Science Chapter 3 Rocks
rock
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
A consolidated mixture of minerals.
A rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma.
A rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rock…
A rock formed by the alteration of preexisting rock deep with…
rock
A consolidated mixture of minerals.
igneous rock
A rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma.
46 terms
Earth & Space Science Chapter 7
Viscosity
Lava tubes
Vent
Parasitic cone
A measure of a fluid's resistance to flow. The greater the vi…
Pahoehoe flows often develop cave-like tunnels called ____ __…
A conduit that connects a magma chamber to a volcanic crater.
A volcanic cone that forms on the flank of a larger volcano.
Viscosity
A measure of a fluid's resistance to flow. The greater the vi…
Lava tubes
Pahoehoe flows often develop cave-like tunnels called ____ __…
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7: Glaciers, Deserts, and Wind
Ice age
Glacier
Snowline
Valley glacier
a period of time when much of Earth's land is covered by glac…
a thick mass of ice originating on land from the compaction a…
lowest elevation in a particular area that remains covered in…
a glacier confined to a mountain valley, which in most instan…
Ice age
a period of time when much of Earth's land is covered by glac…
Glacier
a thick mass of ice originating on land from the compaction a…
6 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Terms
Volcano
Magma
Lava
Ring Of Fire
a weak spot in the crust where molten material, or magma, com…
a molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
when magma reaches the surface
a major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean
Volcano
a weak spot in the crust where molten material, or magma, com…
Magma
a molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
glacier
snowline
Valley Glaciers
Ice sheets
a thick ice mass that forms above the snowline over hundreds…
The lowest elevation in a particular area that remains covere…
Ice masses that slowly advance down mountain valleys original…
enormous ice masses that flow in all directions from one or m…
glacier
a thick ice mass that forms above the snowline over hundreds…
snowline
The lowest elevation in a particular area that remains covere…
24 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 7
nonrenewable resource
fossil fuel
nuclear fission
nuclear fusion
a resource that forms at a rate that is much slower than the…
a nonrenewable resource that formed from the remains of organ…
the division of one atom into two... **When the energy is releas…
the combination of two lighter atoms into a larger one.... **Sci…
nonrenewable resource
a resource that forms at a rate that is much slower than the…
fossil fuel
a nonrenewable resource that formed from the remains of organ…
Chapter 7 Earth Science 7.3 Vocab
Soil
Residual Soil
Transported Soil
Soil Profile
The loose covering of broken rock particles and decaying orga…
Soil located about its parent material.
Soil that has been moved away from its parent material by wat…
The vertical sequence of soil layers.
Soil
The loose covering of broken rock particles and decaying orga…
Residual Soil
Soil located about its parent material.
41 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 7
Subduction
Convergent
Divergent
Transform
Seafloor Subduction. One plate going under another plate.
A tectonic plate boundary where two plates collide, come toge…
A boundary where the plates are moving AWAY from each other.
Boundary between two plates that are sliding past each other.
Subduction
Seafloor Subduction. One plate going under another plate.
Convergent
A tectonic plate boundary where two plates collide, come toge…
21 terms
Chapter 7 Minerals and Rocks Science
Mineral
Inorganic
Crystal
Streak
A naturally occurring solid that can form by inorganic proces…
Not formed from living things or the the remains of living th…
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
The color of a mineral's powder.
Mineral
A naturally occurring solid that can form by inorganic proces…
Inorganic
Not formed from living things or the the remains of living th…
33 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
Anticline
basin
compression
confining stress
A fold in rock that bends upward into an arch
a natural depression in the surface of the land often with a…
Stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks
Stressed applied to a rock from the weight of the material ab…
Anticline
A fold in rock that bends upward into an arch
basin
a natural depression in the surface of the land often with a…
15 terms
Chapter 7 Earth Science Vocabulary Terms
Ice age
Glacier
Snowline
Valley Glacier
a period of time when much of Earth's land is covered by glac…
a thick mass of ice originating on land from the compaction a…
lowest elevation in a particular area that remains covered in…
a glacier confined to a mountain valley, which in most instan…
Ice age
a period of time when much of Earth's land is covered by glac…
Glacier
a thick mass of ice originating on land from the compaction a…
10 terms
Chapter 7 Earth's rocks
mineral
igneous rock
magma
lava
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
Rock formed when melted rock hardens
Melted rock within Earth
Magma that is exposed at Earth's surface
mineral
A natural, solid substance that has a definite chemical compo…
igneous rock
Rock formed when melted rock hardens
Earth Science - Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Ore
lode
placer deposit
gemstone
a natural material whose concentration of economically valuab…
a mineral deposit within a rock formation
a deposit that contains a valuable mineral that has been conc…
a mineral, rock, or organic material that can be used as jewe…
Ore
a natural material whose concentration of economically valuab…
lode
a mineral deposit within a rock formation
26 terms
Glencoe Science Earth Science Chapter 6 Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks
bedding*
cross-bedding*
clastic
contact metamorphism
horizontal layering in sedimentary rock that can range from a…
depositional feature of sedimentary rock that forms as inclin…
rock and mineral fragments produced by weathering and erosion…
local effect that occurs when molten rock meets solid rock
bedding*
horizontal layering in sedimentary rock that can range from a…
cross-bedding*
depositional feature of sedimentary rock that forms as inclin…
Science Chapter 7 The Earth - Terms to Remember
rotate
revolve
axis
orbit
To turn like a top, spin. This movement by the earth causes d…
To move around another object. This movement by the earth, ti…
The imaginary line that extends out from earth from the North…
The path an object follows as it revolves around another obje…
rotate
To turn like a top, spin. This movement by the earth causes d…
revolve
To move around another object. This movement by the earth, ti…
38 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Rocks: Mineral Mixtures
rock
rock cycle
weathering
erosion
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals a…
continual process by which new rock forms from old rock
breaking down of rock into fragments
the removal of the rock fragments from the rock
rock
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals a…
rock cycle
continual process by which new rock forms from old rock
Earth Science chapter 7
Clastic
biochemical
organic
chemical
solid fragments and grains of pre-existign rocks or shells ce…
consists of shells of organisms (clams, coral reefs) cemented…
consist of carbon-rich relicts of plants (coal)
made from minerals precipitated directly from water
Clastic
solid fragments and grains of pre-existign rocks or shells ce…
biochemical
consists of shells of organisms (clams, coral reefs) cemented…
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
weathering
mechanical weathering
ice wedging
chemical weathering
mechanical or chemical surface processes that break rock into…
physical processes that break rock apart without changing its…
mechanical weathering process that occurs when water freezes…
occurs when chemical reactions dissolve the minerals in rocks…
weathering
mechanical or chemical surface processes that break rock into…
mechanical weathering
physical processes that break rock apart without changing its…
Earth Science Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Ice Wedging
Chemical Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
Process that splits rock when water seeps into cracks, then f…
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Mechanical Weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
18 terms
Earth Science; Chapter 7
Solar Energy
Biomass
Hydroelectric Energy
Geothermal Energy
Energy received by Earth from the sun in the form of radiation
Plant material and other organic matter used as an energy sou…
Electrical energy produced by the flow of water
Energy produced by heat within Earth
Solar Energy
Energy received by Earth from the sun in the form of radiation
Biomass
Plant material and other organic matter used as an energy sou…
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
Erosion
Deposition
Rill Erosion
Gully Erosion
The removal of weathered rock
The dropping of sediments in a new location
Develops when running water cuts small channels into the side…
When a channel becomes deep and wide
Erosion
The removal of weathered rock
Deposition
The dropping of sediments in a new location
29 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
Continental drift
Supercontinent
Animal and plant fossils, mountains, a…
Oceanic ridge system
A theory that originally proposed that the continents are raf…
A large landmass that contains all, or nearly all, of the exi…
The evidence of plate tectonics and the supercontinent theory
Winds through all the major oceans in a manner similar to the…
Continental drift
A theory that originally proposed that the continents are raf…
Supercontinent
A large landmass that contains all, or nearly all, of the exi…
science chapter 7 rocks
petrologists
igneous
sedimentary
metamorphic rocks
Scientist who study rocks and minerals are called
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
contain minerals from igneous or sedimentary rocks, can be fo…
petrologists
Scientist who study rocks and minerals are called
igneous
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
24 terms
chapter 7 earth science
Valley Glaciers
Plastic flow
Basal slip
budget
ice masses that slowly advance down mountain valleys original…
involves movement within the ice
slipping an sliding downward due to gravity
is the balance or lack of balance, between accumulation at th…
Valley Glaciers
ice masses that slowly advance down mountain valleys original…
Plastic flow
involves movement within the ice
15 terms
earth science chapter 7
Weathering
Mechanical weathering
Frost wedging
Exfoliation
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
A mechanical weathering process which removes protuding overl…
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Mechanical weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
74 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Ice wedging
Pressure (From roots)
the process in which materials on earth's surface break down…
rocks break down into smaller pieces but don't change chemica…
water entering into cracks, freezing and therefore expanding
(Cause of weathering) roots of trees exert pressure on the ro…
Weathering
the process in which materials on earth's surface break down…
Mechanical Weathering
rocks break down into smaller pieces but don't change chemica…
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