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Study sets matching "term earth science plate tectonics chapter 1"

39 terms
Science Inside Earth: Chapter 1 Plate Tectonics
Seismic Waves
Pressure
Crust
Basalt
- Vibrations that travel through the Earth carrying the energ…
- This happens/results when a force presses on an area... - The…
- The layer of (solid) rock that forms EARTH'S OUTER SURFACE,…
DARK (colored) & DENSE (texture) rock with a fine texture, fo…
Seismic Waves
- Vibrations that travel through the Earth carrying the energ…
Pressure
- This happens/results when a force presses on an area... - The…
16 terms
Science Explorer Inside Earth Chapter 1: Plate Tectonics
Heat Transfer
Convection Currents
Crust
Granite
Movement of energy from a warmer object to a colder object
Heat transfer by the movement of a heated fluid
Layer of rock that forms outer skin of the earth
The main type of rock that makes up the continental crust (le…
Heat Transfer
Movement of energy from a warmer object to a colder object
Convection Currents
Heat transfer by the movement of a heated fluid
15 terms
HMS Science Level 6 Earth Changes Chapter 1 Plate Tectonics
Inner core
Outer core
Mantle
Crust
made of metals = solid, ... hottest layer= 7,000-8,000 C... 1600 mi…
made of metals = liquid,... less pressure makes it this way, ... 1…
rock, some metal, mostly liquid, solid near top, ... thickest la…
rock, solid, 20 miles, (6-7 km) thinnest layer, ... home to life…
Inner core
made of metals = solid, ... hottest layer= 7,000-8,000 C... 1600 mi…
Outer core
made of metals = liquid,... less pressure makes it this way, ... 1…
27 terms
Science Explorer Inside Earth Chapter 1: Plate Tectonics
Heat Transfer
Radiation
Conduction
Convection Currents
Movement of energy from a warmer object to a colder object
Transfer of energy through empty space
Heat transfer through direct contact of particles of matter
Heat transfer by the movement of a heated fluid
Heat Transfer
Movement of energy from a warmer object to a colder object
Radiation
Transfer of energy through empty space
27 terms
Science Explorer Inside Earth Chapter 1: Plate Tectonics
Heat Transfer
Radiation
Conduction
Convection Currents
Movement of energy from a warmer object to a colder object
Transfer of energy through empty space
Heat transfer through direct contact of particles of matter
Heat transfer by the movement of a heated fluid
Heat Transfer
Movement of energy from a warmer object to a colder object
Radiation
Transfer of energy through empty space
22 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 1 Plate Tectonics
Direct Evidence
Indirect Evidence
3 layers of the earth
Crust
rock samples
Measuring Seismic Waves
crust, mantel, core
earth's outer skin, includes both dry land and ocean floor, s…
Direct Evidence
rock samples
Indirect Evidence
Measuring Seismic Waves
25 terms
Science Inside Earth: Chapter 1 Plate Tectonics
How far do you have to travel to reach…
What are the two main types of evidenc…
What are the high temperatures inside…
Seismic Waves
Over 6,000 kilometers
- Direct evidence from rock samples... - Indirect evidence from…
- Heat left over from the formation of the planet... - Radioacti…
- Vibrations that travel through the Earth carrying the energ…
How far do you have to travel to reach…
Over 6,000 kilometers
What are the two main types of evidenc…
- Direct evidence from rock samples... - Indirect evidence from…
34 terms
Science Inside Earth: Chapter 1 Plate Tectonics
Seismic Waves
Pressure
Crust
Basalt
- Vibrations that travel through the Earth carrying the energ…
- This happens/results when a force presses on an area... - The…
- The layer of (solid) rock that forms EARTH'S OUTER SURFACE,…
DARK (colored) & DENSE (texture) rock with a fine texture, fo…
Seismic Waves
- Vibrations that travel through the Earth carrying the energ…
Pressure
- This happens/results when a force presses on an area... - The…
34 terms
Science Inside Earth: Chapter 1 Plate Tectonics
Seismic Waves
Pressure
Crust
Basalt
- Vibrations that travel through the Earth carrying the energ…
- This happens/results when a force presses on an area... - The…
- The layer of (solid) rock that forms EARTH'S OUTER SURFACE,…
DARK (colored) & DENSE (texture) rock with a fine texture, fo…
Seismic Waves
- Vibrations that travel through the Earth carrying the energ…
Pressure
- This happens/results when a force presses on an area... - The…
29 terms
Science Inside Earth: Chapter 1 Plate Tectonics
Seismic Waves
Crust
Mantle
happens when earthquake.
- The layer of (solid) rock that forms EARTH'S OUTER SURFACE,…
- The layer of hot, solid rock located BETWEEN the Earth's CR…
Seismic Waves
happens when earthquake.
Crust
- The layer of (solid) rock that forms EARTH'S OUTER SURFACE,…
34 terms
Science Inside Earth: Chapter 1 Plate Tectonics
Seismic Waves
Pressure
Crust
Basalt
- Vibrations that travel through the Earth carrying the energ…
- This happens/results when a force presses on an area... - The…
- The layer of (solid) rock that forms EARTH'S OUTER SURFACE,…
DARK (colored) & DENSE (texture) rock with a fine texture, fo…
Seismic Waves
- Vibrations that travel through the Earth carrying the energ…
Pressure
- This happens/results when a force presses on an area... - The…
12 terms
Science Explorer Inside Earth Chapter 1: Plate Tectonics
Heat Transfer
Geologists
Crust
Mantle
Movement of energy from a warmer object to a colder object
Scientists who...... -Study the forces that make and shape the e…
Layer of rock that forms outer skin of the earth
Layer of hot rock underneath the crust
Heat Transfer
Movement of energy from a warmer object to a colder object
Geologists
Scientists who...... -Study the forces that make and shape the e…
27 terms
Science Explorer Inside Earth Chapter 1: Plate Tectonics
Heat Transfer
Radiation
Conduction
Convection Currents
Movement of energy from a warmer object to a colder object
Transfer of energy through empty space
Heat transfer through direct contact of particles of matter
Heat transfer by the movement of a heated fluid
Heat Transfer
Movement of energy from a warmer object to a colder object
Radiation
Transfer of energy through empty space
31 terms
Inside Earth: Chapter 1- Plate Tectonics
seismic waves
pressure
crust
basalt
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy re…
The force exerted on a surface divided by the area over which…
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface.
A dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in oce…
seismic waves
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy re…
pressure
The force exerted on a surface divided by the area over which…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9: Plate Tectonics
Continental drift
Pangaea
Plate tectonics
Plate
a hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had…
the proposed supercontinent that 200 million years ago began…
the theory that proposes that Earth's outer shell consists of…
one of numerous rigid sections of the lithosphere that moves…
Continental drift
a hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had…
Pangaea
the proposed supercontinent that 200 million years ago began…
31 terms
Plate Tectonics (Chapter 1, Inside Earth)
seismic waves
pressure
crust
basalt
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
the force exerted on a surface divided by the area over which…
the layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface
a dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in oce…
seismic waves
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
pressure
the force exerted on a surface divided by the area over which…
30 terms
Inside Earth - Plate Tectonics - Chapter 1
Seismic Waves
Pressure
Crust
Basalt
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
The force exerted on a surface divided by the area over which…
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface
A dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture found in ocea…
Seismic Waves
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
Pressure
The force exerted on a surface divided by the area over which…
27 terms
Science Explorer Inside Earth Chapter 1: Plate Tectonics
Heat Transfer
Radiation
Conduction
Convection Currents
Movement of energy from a warmer object to a colder object
Transfer of energy through empty space
Heat transfer through direct contact of particles of matter
Heat transfer by the movement of a heated fluid
Heat Transfer
Movement of energy from a warmer object to a colder object
Radiation
Transfer of energy through empty space
40 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 4 Plate Tectonics
asthenosphere
continental crust
divergent boundary
terrane
Zone of mantle beneath the lithosphere that consists of slowl…
Material that makes up landmasses.
Boundary formed by two lithospheric plates that are moving ap…
Piece of land with a geologic history distinct from that of t…
asthenosphere
Zone of mantle beneath the lithosphere that consists of slowl…
continental crust
Material that makes up landmasses.
40 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Plate Tectonics
crust
mantle
core
lithosphere
outermost layer of earth
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
central part of earth, made of iron & nickel
solid, outer layer of earth that consists of rigid crust and…
crust
outermost layer of earth
mantle
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
38 terms
1) Inside Earth-Chapter 1-Plate Tectonics
rotate
revolve
Protoplanet Hypothesis
crust
to move around an axis inside the object (internal axis); the…
to move around an axis outside the object (external axis); th…
favored explanation for the formation of the solar system and…
thinnest, outer layer of the Earth; broken up into plates; mo…
rotate
to move around an axis inside the object (internal axis); the…
revolve
to move around an axis outside the object (external axis); th…
30 terms
Inside Earth chapter 1 plate tectonics
rock samples
recording and studying seismic waves
inner core
outer core
Holes drilled into Earth's crust provide this form of direct…
indirect evidence about Earth's interior
dense ball of solid metal
layer of molten metal
rock samples
Holes drilled into Earth's crust provide this form of direct…
recording and studying seismic waves
indirect evidence about Earth's interior
38 terms
Science Explorer Inside Earth Chapter 1: Plate Tectonics
Heat Transfer
Radiation
Conduction
Convection Currents
Movement of energy from a warmer object to a colder object
Transfer of energy through empty space
Heat transfer through direct contact of particles of matter
flow that transfer heat within a fluid
Heat Transfer
Movement of energy from a warmer object to a colder object
Radiation
Transfer of energy through empty space
50 terms
Science Explorer-Inside Earth Chapter 1-Plate Tectonics
These are also known as "Earthquake" w…
This results from a force pressing on…
The layer of solid rock that includes…
This is the most common igneous rock o…
Seismic waves
Pressure
Crust
Basalt
These are also known as "Earthquake" w…
Seismic waves
This results from a force pressing on…
Pressure
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 17: Plate Tectonics
continental drift
Pangea
magnetometer
paleomagnetism
an idea that stated all the continents were once joined to fo…
a super continent made up of all the continents
A device that can detect small changes in magnetic fields
the study of changes in Earth's magnetic field, as shown by p…
continental drift
an idea that stated all the continents were once joined to fo…
Pangea
a super continent made up of all the continents
30 terms
Inside Earth Chapter 1 Plate Tectonics
Seismic waves
Pressure
Crust
Basalt
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
The force exerted on a surface divided by the area over which…
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface
A dark, dense igneous rock with a fine texture, found in ocea…
Seismic waves
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
Pressure
The force exerted on a surface divided by the area over which…
11 terms
Inside Earth Plate Tectonics Chapter 1 Section 1
seismic waves
pressure
crust
basalt
vibrations that travel through Earth, carrying energy release…
a force that pushes down on an area
layer of rock that forms Earth's "outer" skin, solid layer of…
dark rock that has a very fine texture, usually found on the…
seismic waves
vibrations that travel through Earth, carrying energy release…
pressure
a force that pushes down on an area
18 terms
Earth's Interior - Chapter 1 Plate Tectonics - SC 18 Terms
crust
mantle
lithosphere
asthenosphere
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface.
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
The soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats.
crust
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface.
mantle
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
31 terms
Plate Tectonics (Chapter 1, Inside Earth)
seismic waves
pressure
crust
basalt
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
the force exerted on a surface divided by the area over which…
the layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface
a dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in oce…
seismic waves
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
pressure
the force exerted on a surface divided by the area over which…
21 terms
Chapter 1 Science, Plate Tectonics
Continental Drift
Pangaea
3 types of evidence supporting contine…
Why was Wegener's idea rejected
the splitting of the continents
all of the continents together (super-continent)
land features, fossils, and climate
because he could not prove how the continents moved
Continental Drift
the splitting of the continents
Pangaea
all of the continents together (super-continent)
25 terms
Earth Science Chapter 11 Plate tectonics
seismic waves
pressure
crust
mantle
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
Force per unit area.
Earth's outermost layer, solid rock that includes both dry la…
Part of the earth made up of rock that is very hot, but solid.
seismic waves
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
pressure
Force per unit area.
24 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Plate Tectonics Vocabulary
Crust
Mantle
Core
Lithosphere
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the layer of Earth below the mantle
the central part of the Earth below the mantle
the solid, outermost layer of the Earth that consists of the…
Crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
Mantle
the layer of Earth below the mantle
49 terms
Combo with "Science Explorer Inside Earth Chapter 1: Plate Tectonics" and 1 other
Heat Transfer
Radiation
Conduction
Convection Currents
Movement of energy from a warmer object to a colder object
Transfer of energy through empty space
Heat transfer through direct contact of particles of matter
Heat transfer by the movement of a heated fluid
Heat Transfer
Movement of energy from a warmer object to a colder object
Radiation
Transfer of energy through empty space
40 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Plate Tectonics
crust
mantle
core
lithosphere
outermost layer of earth
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
central part of earth, made of iron & nickel
solid, outer layer of earth that consists of rigid crust and…
crust
outermost layer of earth
mantle
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
40 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Plate Tectonics
crust
mantle
core
lithosphere
outermost layer of earth
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
central part of earth, made of iron & nickel
solid, outer layer of earth that consists of rigid crust and…
crust
outermost layer of earth
mantle
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
27 terms
Inside Earth-Chapter 1-Plate Tectonics
seismic waves
pressure
crust
basalt
vibrations that travel through the Earth carrying energy rele…
the force pressing on an area
layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface
dense rock found in oceanic crust
seismic waves
vibrations that travel through the Earth carrying energy rele…
pressure
the force pressing on an area
54 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Plate Tectonics #1
______ presented the continental drift…
What was Pangaea? When did it start to…
What were the four main lines of evide…
What argument did other scientists mak…
Wegener... 1915
Super-Continent (combination of all the continents)... Break up…
"Jigsaw" fit of continents... Fossil distributions... Correlation o…
Shorelines are continually modified by wave erosion and dispo…
______ presented the continental drift…
Wegener... 1915
What was Pangaea? When did it start to…
Super-Continent (combination of all the continents)... Break up…
25 terms
Earth's Interior - Chapter 1 Plate Tectonics - SC 25 Terms
seismic waves
crust
basalt
granite
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface.
A dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in oce…
A usually light-colored igneous rock that is found in contine…
seismic waves
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
crust
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface.
28 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Inside Earth Chapter 1, Continental Drift, Sea-Floor Spreading & Plate Tectonics
Alfred Wegener
continental drift
Pangaea
Fossil
proposed the theory of continental drift, but could find how…
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
The name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
Alfred Wegener
proposed the theory of continental drift, but could find how…
continental drift
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
8 terms
Inside Earth Plate Tectonics Chapter 1 Section 5
plate
scientific theory
plate tectonics
fault
similar to an eggshell that is cracked, lithosphere is "crack…
well tested concept that explains a wide range of observations
pieces of Earth's lithosphere that are in slow, constant moti…
breaks in the Earth's crust. These boundries are categorized…
plate
similar to an eggshell that is cracked, lithosphere is "crack…
scientific theory
well tested concept that explains a wide range of observations
29 terms
Science Inside Earth: Chapter 1 Plate Tectonics - Maia Vocab Test
Seismic Waves
Pressure
Crust
Mantle
- Vibrations that travel through the Earth carrying the energ…
- This happens/results when a force presses on an area... - The…
- The layer of (solid) rock that forms EARTH'S OUTER SURFACE,…
- The layer of hot, solid rock located BETWEEN the Earth's CR…
Seismic Waves
- Vibrations that travel through the Earth carrying the energ…
Pressure
- This happens/results when a force presses on an area... - The…
9 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8: Plate Tectonics
crust
mantle
core
lithosphere
the outermost solid layer of the Earth
the thick layer just below Earth's crust
the dense, innermost layer of the Earth
the crust and the upper part of the mantle which form tectoni…
crust
the outermost solid layer of the Earth
mantle
the thick layer just below Earth's crust
40 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Plate Tectonics
crust
mantle
core
lithosphere
outermost layer of earth
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
central part of earth, made of iron & nickel
solid, outer layer of earth that consists of rigid crust and…
crust
outermost layer of earth
mantle
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
33 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Plate Tectonics
Alfred Wegener
continental drift
apparent polar wander
magnetite
The man who came up with the continental drift hypothesis.
Early 20th century hypothesis, made by Alfred Wegener, that t…
Path on the globe showing where the magnetic pole appeared to…
Magnetic mineral that takes on Earth's magnetic polarity as i…
Alfred Wegener
The man who came up with the continental drift hypothesis.
continental drift
Early 20th century hypothesis, made by Alfred Wegener, that t…
27 terms
LYNCHBURG Earth Science CONCANNON Plate Tectonics Terms
Earthquakes
Continental Rifting
Continental Volcanic Arc
Convergent Plate Boundaries
Along all plate boundaries. Plates shifting/moving causes them.
Landmass may split into two or more smaller continents- the H…
Hot magma is buoyant and gradually rises toward the surface w…
the sites where 2 plates are moving toward each other and col…
Earthquakes
Along all plate boundaries. Plates shifting/moving causes them.
Continental Rifting
Landmass may split into two or more smaller continents- the H…
8 terms
Earth Science 6.1 Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
Volcano
Magma
Lava
Ring of fire
A weak spot in the crust where molten material comes to the s…
molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water f…
What magma is called when it reaches the surface
A major volcanic belt that rim the pacific ocean
Volcano
A weak spot in the crust where molten material comes to the s…
Magma
molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water f…
23 terms
Science Chapter 1: Plate Tectonics
Seismic waves
Pressure
Crust
Mantle
waves that form after earthquakes
force pressing on an area
layer of rock that forms earth's outer skin
layer of hot rock
Seismic waves
waves that form after earthquakes
Pressure
force pressing on an area
38 terms
1) Inside Earth-Chapter 1-Plate Tectonics
rotate
revolve
Protoplanet Hypothesis
crust
to move around an axis inside the object (internal axis); the…
to move around an axis outside the object (external axis); th…
favored explanation for the formation of the solar system and…
thinnest, outer layer of the Earth; broken up into plates; "f…
rotate
to move around an axis inside the object (internal axis); the…
revolve
to move around an axis outside the object (external axis); th…
21 terms
Science Chapter 1: Plate Tectonics
crust, mantle, core
they both increase
geology
how they move and the path in which th…
what are the three main layers of the earth?
how do pressure and temperature increase as you go deeper int…
also known as the study of earth; can also be called the hist…
give two examples of how scientists use seismic waves to stud…
crust, mantle, core
what are the three main layers of the earth?
they both increase
how do pressure and temperature increase as you go deeper int…
21 terms
Inside earth - Chapter 1 - plate tectonics
Rotate
Revolve
Proplanets Hypothesis
Crust
To move on an axis inside an object
To move around the outside of the object
Favorite explanation for the formation of the solar system in…
That is, outer layer of the earth: broken up into plates:move…
Rotate
To move on an axis inside an object
Revolve
To move around the outside of the object
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