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Study sets matching "term earth science prentice hall chapter 15"

14 terms
Prentice Hall, Earth Science, Chapter 15
weather
atmosphere
ozone
water vapor
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
The envelope of gases that surrounds the planet.
A form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule…
Water in the form of a gas.
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
atmosphere
The envelope of gases that surrounds the planet.
23 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 15
salinity
thermocline
density
pynocline
the proportion of dissolved salts to pure water, usually expr…
a layer of water in which there is a rapid change in temperat…
mass per unit volume of a substance, usually expressed in gra…
...
salinity
the proportion of dissolved salts to pure water, usually expr…
thermocline
a layer of water in which there is a rapid change in temperat…
20 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 15
weather
atmosphere
ozone
water vapor
the meteorological conditions: temperature and wind and cloud…
the mass of air surrounding the Earth
a colorless gas (O3) soluble in alkalis and cold water
water in a vaporous form diffused in the atmosphere but below…
weather
the meteorological conditions: temperature and wind and cloud…
atmosphere
the mass of air surrounding the Earth
23 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Salinity
Thermocline
Density
Pycnocline
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water
layer of ocean at about 300-1,000 meters where there is a rap…
mass per unit volume
layer of ocean at about 300-1,000 meters where there is a rap…
Salinity
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water
Thermocline
layer of ocean at about 300-1,000 meters where there is a rap…
20 terms
Chapter 15 Prentice Hall Earth Science:The Atmosphere
weather
atmosphere
ozone
water vapor
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
The envelope of gases that surrounds Earth.
A form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule…
Water in the form of a gas.
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
atmosphere
The envelope of gases that surrounds Earth.
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 15 - The Atmosphere
Weather
Atmosphere
Ozone
Water Vapor
the condition of the Earth's atmosphere at a particular time…
envelope of gases that surrounds the planet
form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in the molecule
water in the form of gas
Weather
the condition of the Earth's atmosphere at a particular time…
Atmosphere
envelope of gases that surrounds the planet
20 terms
Chapter 15 Prentice Hall Earth Science:The Atmosphere
weather
atmosphere
ozone
water vapor
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
The envelope of gases that surrounds Earth.
A form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule…
Water in the form of a gas.
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
atmosphere
The envelope of gases that surrounds Earth.
30 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 15
salinity
thermocline
density
pycnocline
the proportion of dissolved salts to pure usually expressed i…
a layer of water in which there is a rapid change in temperat…
mass per unit of volume of a substance, usually expressed as…
a layer of water in which there is a rapid change of density…
salinity
the proportion of dissolved salts to pure usually expressed i…
thermocline
a layer of water in which there is a rapid change in temperat…
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 15 - The Atmosphere
Weather
Atmosphere
Ozone
Water Vapor
the condition of the Earth's atmosphere at a particular time…
envelope of gases that surrounds the planet
form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in the molecule
water in the form of gas
Weather
the condition of the Earth's atmosphere at a particular time…
Atmosphere
envelope of gases that surrounds the planet
Chapter 15 Prentice Hall Earth Science
Weather
Atmosphere
Ozone
Water Vapor
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
the envelope of gases that surrounds the planet.
a form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule…
water in the form of a gas.
Weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
Atmosphere
the envelope of gases that surrounds the planet.
23 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Salinity
Thermocline
Density
Pycnocline
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water
layer of ocean at about 300-1,000 meters where there is a rap…
mass per unit volume
layer of ocean at about 300-1,000 meters where there is a rap…
Salinity
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water
Thermocline
layer of ocean at about 300-1,000 meters where there is a rap…
23 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Salinity
Thermocline
Density
Pycnocline
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water
layer of ocean at about 300-1,000 meters where there is a rap…
mass per unit volume
layer of ocean at about 300-1,000 meters where there is a rap…
Salinity
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water
Thermocline
layer of ocean at about 300-1,000 meters where there is a rap…
20 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Chapter 15: Atmosphere
weather
atmosphere
Ozone
water vapor
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
The envelope of gases that surrounds Earth.
A form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule…
Water in the form of a gas.
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
atmosphere
The envelope of gases that surrounds Earth.
20 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Chapter 15: Atmosphere
weather
atmosphere
Ozone
water vapor
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
The envelope of gases that surrounds Earth.
A form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule…
Water in the form of a gas.
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
atmosphere
The envelope of gases that surrounds Earth.
7 terms
Chapter 15 Section 2 Keyterms (Prentice Hall Earth Science)
Density
Pressure
Air pressure
Barometer
The amount of a substance in a given volume mass per unit vol…
The force excerted on surface divided by the total are over w…
The pressure by the weight of a column of air pushing down on…
An instrument used to measure changes in air pressure
Density
The amount of a substance in a given volume mass per unit vol…
Pressure
The force excerted on surface divided by the total are over w…
7 terms
Chapter 15 Section 2 Prentice Hall Earth Science
Density
Pressure
Air Pressure
Barometer
The amount of mass in a given volume.... M/V = Density
The force pushing on an area or surface.
The result of weight of a column of air pushing down on area.
An instrument that measures air pressure.
Density
The amount of mass in a given volume.... M/V = Density
Pressure
The force pushing on an area or surface.
10 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 15 Section 3
Name the 4 main layers of the atmosphe…
In which layer does weather occur?
The tropoosphere is the thinnest layer…
Which layer contains the ozone layer?
1) Troposphere... 2) Stratosphere... 3) Mesosphere... 4) Thermosphere
Troposphere
Mass
Stratosphere
Name the 4 main layers of the atmosphe…
1) Troposphere... 2) Stratosphere... 3) Mesosphere... 4) Thermosphere
In which layer does weather occur?
Troposphere
21 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 15
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
gravitational potential energy
ability to do work
energy that an object has due to its motion
energy that is stored as a result of position or shape
potential energy that depends upon an objects height above a…
energy
ability to do work
kinetic energy
energy that an object has due to its motion
20 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 15
nutrients
calorie
carbohydrates
glucose
substances in food that provide raw materials and energy the…
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature in one g…
nutrients composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen
A sugar, the major source of energy for your cells
nutrients
substances in food that provide raw materials and energy the…
calorie
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature in one g…
21 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 15
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
gravitational potential energy
ability to do work
energy of motion (=1/2 mv²)
energy stored as a result of position or shape
potential energy that depends upon an objects height above a…
energy
ability to do work
kinetic energy
energy of motion (=1/2 mv²)
8 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 15 Section 4`
What are causes of pollution?
What are examples of pollution from na…
What are examples of pollution from hu…
Burning fossil fuels produces what pol…
natural resources & human activities
forest fires, soil erosion, dust storms add particles to the…
1) farming and construction - particles in air... 2) burning of…
hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides
What are causes of pollution?
natural resources & human activities
What are examples of pollution from na…
forest fires, soil erosion, dust storms add particles to the…
35 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 15: Waves
amplitude
antinode
compression
constructive interference
The maximum distance the particles of a mediun move away from…
The points of maximum amplitude on a standing wave
The part of a longitudinal wave where the particles of the me…
The interference that occurs when waves combine to make a wav…
amplitude
The maximum distance the particles of a mediun move away from…
antinode
The points of maximum amplitude on a standing wave
22 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science: Chapter 15
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
gravitational potential energy
ability to do work
the energy of motion
energy that is stored as a result of position or shape
potential energy that depends upon an objects height
energy
ability to do work
kinetic energy
the energy of motion
77 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 15
food
nutrients
carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamin…
calorie
___________ provides energy for everything you do.
The substances in food that provide the raw materials and ene…
The six groups of nutrients necessary for human health.
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
food
___________ provides energy for everything you do.
nutrients
The substances in food that provide the raw materials and ene…
31 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science chapter 7- Vocanoes
volcanoes
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface.
a molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
Liquid magma that reaches the surface; also the rock formed w…
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the pacific ocean.
volcanoes
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface.
magma
a molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
20 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Chapter 15: Atmosphere
weather
atmosphere
Ozone
water vapor
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
The envelope of gases that surrounds Earth.
A form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule…
Water in the form of a gas.
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
atmosphere
The envelope of gases that surrounds Earth.
12 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 12
uniformitarianism
relative dating
law of superposition
principal of original horizontality
the concept that processes that shaped the Earth in the past…
process by which rocks are placed in their proper chronologic…
a law that states that in any undeformed sequence of sediment…
principle of relative dating; layers of sediments are general…
uniformitarianism
the concept that processes that shaped the Earth in the past…
relative dating
process by which rocks are placed in their proper chronologic…
20 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Chapter 15: Atmosphere
weather
atmosphere
Ozone
water vapor
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
The envelope of gases that surrounds Earth.
A form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule…
Water in the form of a gas.
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
atmosphere
The envelope of gases that surrounds Earth.
29 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 6
The Water Cycle
Transpiration
Balance in the Water Cycle
Discharge
the movement of water from the ground to the air and back to…
the emission of water vapor from the leaves of plants.
Annual average precipitation over Earth equals the amount of…
the quantity of water in a stream that passes a given point i…
The Water Cycle
the movement of water from the ground to the air and back to…
Transpiration
the emission of water vapor from the leaves of plants.
25 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 1
Science
Scientific inquiry
Observation
Inference
a way of learning about the natural world and the knowledge g…
the ways in which scientists explore problems and seek to ans…
using sight, hearing, smell, and sometimes taste to gather in…
an interpretation based on your observation and prior knowledge
Science
a way of learning about the natural world and the knowledge g…
Scientific inquiry
the ways in which scientists explore problems and seek to ans…
14 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 13
Shields
Photosynthesis
Stromatolites
Prokaryotes
a large, relatively flat expanse of ancient metamorphic rock…
the process by which algae, and certain prokaryotes use light…
structure produced by algae trapping sediment and forming lay…
organism whose cells lack a nucleus and some other cell struc…
Shields
a large, relatively flat expanse of ancient metamorphic rock…
Photosynthesis
the process by which algae, and certain prokaryotes use light…
15 terms
chapter 3 prentice hall earth science
rock
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
rock formed by the solidification of molten magma
rock formed when sediments are pressed or cemented together
rock altered by pressure and heat
rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
igneous rock
rock formed by the solidification of molten magma
11 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 12
wetland
freshwater wetlands
human activities that threaten Florida…
natural habitats
a land area that is covered with a shallow layer of water dur…
three common types of freshwater wetlands are marshes, swamps…
agriculture, development, and the introduction of new species…
because of their sheltered waters and rich supply of nutrient…
wetland
a land area that is covered with a shallow layer of water dur…
freshwater wetlands
three common types of freshwater wetlands are marshes, swamps…
17 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 14
Oceanography
Bathymetry
Sonar
Submersible
the scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena
the measurement of ocean depths and charting of the shape or…
an electronic depth-sounding mechanism; it is an acronym for…
a small underwater craft used for deep-sea research
Oceanography
the scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena
Bathymetry
the measurement of ocean depths and charting of the shape or…
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 22
Astronomy
Geocentric
Orbit
Ellipse
the scientific study of the universe; it includes the observa…
describes the concept of an Earth-centered universe
the path of an object as it goes around another object in space
an oval
Astronomy
the scientific study of the universe; it includes the observa…
Geocentric
describes the concept of an Earth-centered universe
28 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 3
rock
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks…
rock formed by the alteration of preexisting rock deep within…
rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
igneous rock
rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
29 terms
Chapter 5 Prentice Hall Earth Science
seismic waves
pressure
crust
mantle
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
the force exerted on a surface divided by the total area over…
the layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface
the layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and core
seismic waves
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
pressure
the force exerted on a surface divided by the total area over…
29 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 15
nutrients
calorie
carbohydrates
glucose
substances in food that provide raw materials and energy the…
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature in one g…
nutrients composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen
A sugar, the major source of energy for your cells
nutrients
substances in food that provide raw materials and energy the…
calorie
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature in one g…
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 2
Element
Atomic Number
Energy Level
Isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
one of several distinct regions around the nucleus of an atom…
an atom with the same number of protons but different numbers…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Atomic Number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
23 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 15 Nervous System
stimulus
response
neurons
nerve impulse
Any change or signal in the environment that can make an orga…
What your body does in reaction to a stimulus
The cells that carry information through your nervous system
The message that a neuron carries
stimulus
Any change or signal in the environment that can make an orga…
response
What your body does in reaction to a stimulus
18 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 17
Ozone
Troposphere
Summer Solstice
Winter Solstice
a molecule of oxygen containing three oxygen atoms
the lowermost layer of the atmosphere; it is generally charac…
the solstice that occurs on June 21 or 22 in the Northern Hem…
the solstice that occurs on December 21 or 22 in the Northern…
Ozone
a molecule of oxygen containing three oxygen atoms
Troposphere
the lowermost layer of the atmosphere; it is generally charac…
13 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 4
runoff
renewable resources
recycling
point source pollution
water that flows over the land surface rather than seeping in…
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
the collection and processing of used items so they can be ma…
water pollution that comes from a known and specific location
runoff
water that flows over the land surface rather than seeping in…
renewable resources
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 8
Earthquake
Focus
Seismic Waves
Epicenter
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
the location on Earth's surface directly above the focus, or…
Earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Focus
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
20 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 1
Earth Science
Geology
Oceanography
Meteorology
the name for all sciences that collectively seek to understan…
the science that examines Earth; its form and composition, an…
the scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena
the scientific study of the atmosphere and atmospheric phenom…
Earth Science
the name for all sciences that collectively seek to understan…
Geology
the science that examines Earth; its form and composition, an…
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 2
Element
Atomic Number
Energy Level
Isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
one of several distinct regions around the nucleus of an atom…
an atom with the same number of protons but different numbers…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Atomic Number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
20 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 9
Continental Drift
Pangaea
Sonar
Trench
a hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had…
the proposed super-continent that 200 million years ago began…
an electronic depth-sounding mechanism; is is an acronym for…
a surface feature in the seafloor produced by the descending…
Continental Drift
a hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had…
Pangaea
the proposed super-continent that 200 million years ago began…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 1
Science
Inference
A controlled experiment
Variable
is a way of learning about the natural world.
is explaining or interpreting the things you observe.
is a test of a hypothesis under conditions established by the…
is one of the factors that can change in an experiment.
Science
is a way of learning about the natural world.
Inference
is explaining or interpreting the things you observe.
21 terms
Chapter 15 vocabulary: Physical Science Prentice Hall
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
gravitational potential energy
the ability to do work
the energy an object has due to its motion
energy that is stored as a result of position or shape
potential energy that depends upon an object's height above a…
energy
the ability to do work
kinetic energy
the energy an object has due to its motion
24 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 12
uniformitarianism
relative dating
law of superposition
principal of original horizontality
the concept that processes that shaped the Earth in the past…
process by which rocks are placed in their proper chronologic…
a law that states that in any undeformed sequence of sediment…
principle of relative dating; layers of sediments are general…
uniformitarianism
the concept that processes that shaped the Earth in the past…
relative dating
process by which rocks are placed in their proper chronologic…
12 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 3
mineral
crystal
magma
silicate
naturally occurring inorganic solid that has a definite chemi…
solid in which the atoms are arranged in an orderly repeating…
Hot, melted rock material beneath Earth's surface
describes a mineral that contains silicon and oxygen and usua…
mineral
naturally occurring inorganic solid that has a definite chemi…
crystal
solid in which the atoms are arranged in an orderly repeating…
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