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Study sets matching "term earth science prentice hall chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "term earth science prentice hall chapter 2"

22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 2
Element
Atomic Number
Energy Level
Isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
one of several distinct regions around the nucleus of an atom…
an atom with the same number of protons but different numbers…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Atomic Number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 2
Element
Atomic Number
Energy Level
Isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
one of several distinct regions around the nucleus of an atom…
an atom with the same number of protons but different numbers…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Atomic Number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
19 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 2 Minerals
minerals
streak
luster
density
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
The color of a mineral's powder.
The way a mineral reflects light from its surface.
The amount of mass in a given space; mass per unit volume.
minerals
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
streak
The color of a mineral's powder.
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 2
Element
Atomic Number
Energy Level
Isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
one of several distinct regions around the nucleus of an atom…
an atom with the same number of protons but different numbers…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Atomic Number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
14 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 2 Minerals
minerals
streak
luster
density
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
The color of a mineral's powder.
The way a mineral reflects light from its surface.
The amount of mass in a given space; mass per unit volume.
minerals
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
streak
The color of a mineral's powder.
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 2
Element
Atomic Number
Energy Level
Isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
one of several distinct regions around the nucleus of an atom…
an atom with the same number of protons but different numbers…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Atomic Number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
23 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 2
Element
Atomic Number
Energy Level
Isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
one of several distinct regions around the nucleus of an atom…
an atom with the same number of protons but different numbers…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Atomic Number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
33 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Ch 2
topography
elevation
relief
landforms
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
height above sea level
The difference in elevation between the highest and lowest pa…
Features of topography formed by the processes that shape Ear…
topography
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
elevation
height above sea level
11 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 2
Mineral
Silicate
Silicon-Oxygen Tetrahedron
Streak
a naturally occurring, inorganic crystalline material with a…
any one of numerous minerals that have the oxygen and silicon…
a structure composed of four oxygen atoms surrounding a silic…
the color of a mineral in powder form
Mineral
a naturally occurring, inorganic crystalline material with a…
Silicate
any one of numerous minerals that have the oxygen and silicon…
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 2
Element
Atomic Number
Energy Level
Isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
one of several distinct regions around the nucleus of an atom…
an atom with the same number of protons but different numbers…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Atomic Number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 2
Element
Atomic Number
Energy Level
Isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
one of several distinct regions around the nucleus of an atom…
an atom with the same number of protons but different numbers…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Atomic Number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 2
Element
Atomic Number
Energy Level
Isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
one of several distinct regions around the nucleus of an atom…
an atom with the same number of protons but different numbers…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Atomic Number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
30 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Ch 2
topography
elevation
relief
landforms
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
height above sea level
The difference in elevation between the highest and lowest pa…
Features of topography formed by the processes that shape Ear…
topography
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
elevation
height above sea level
41 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Inside Earth Chapter 2
Earthquake
Explain the order of how stress causes…
Aftershock
Tsunami
shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath the Ea…
1. the Earth's plates move making powerful forces that squeez…
An earthquake that occurs after a larger earthquake in the sa…
A large wave produced by an earthquake on the ocean floor
Earthquake
shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath the Ea…
Explain the order of how stress causes…
1. the Earth's plates move making powerful forces that squeez…
30 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Inside Earth Chapter 2
Focus
Magnitude
Liquefaction
Seismograph
The point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under str…
The measurement of an earthquakes strength based on seismic w…
The process by which an earthquakes violent movement suddenly…
A device that records ground movements caused by seismic wave…
Focus
The point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under str…
Magnitude
The measurement of an earthquakes strength based on seismic w…
21 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Earth's Waters Chapter 2
irrigation
conservation
desalination
water quality
The process of supplying water to areas of land to make them…
The practice of using less of a resource so that it will not…
The process of obtaining fresh water from salt by removing th…
The degree of purity of water, determined by measuring the su…
irrigation
The process of supplying water to areas of land to make them…
conservation
The practice of using less of a resource so that it will not…
30 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Inside Earth Chapter 2
Focus
Magnitude
Liquefaction
Seismograph
The point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under str…
The measurement of an earthquakes strength based on seismic w…
The process by which an earthquakes violent movement suddenly…
A device that records ground movements caused by seismic wave…
Focus
The point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under str…
Magnitude
The measurement of an earthquakes strength based on seismic w…
30 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Ch 2
topography
elevation
relief
landforms
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
height above sea level
The difference in elevation between the highest and lowest pa…
Features of topography formed by the processes that shape Ear…
topography
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
elevation
height above sea level
30 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Inside Earth Chapter 2
Focus
Magnitude
Liquefaction
Seismograph
The point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under str…
The measurement of an earthquakes strength based on seismic w…
The process by which an earthquakes violent movement suddenly…
A device that records ground movements caused by seismic wave…
Focus
The point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under str…
Magnitude
The measurement of an earthquakes strength based on seismic w…
23 terms
Chapter 2 Prentice Hall Physical Science
Matter
Substance
Physical property
Chemical Property
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A single kind of matter that is pure, has specific makeup/com…
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
Relates to a substance's ability to undergo changes that tran…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Substance
A single kind of matter that is pure, has specific makeup/com…
30 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Inside Earth Chapter 2
Focus
Magnitude
Liquefaction
Seismograph
The point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under str…
The measurement of an earthquakes strength based on seismic w…
The process by which an earthquakes violent movement suddenly…
A device that records ground movements caused by seismic wave…
Focus
The point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under str…
Magnitude
The measurement of an earthquakes strength based on seismic w…
14 terms
Prentice Hall, Earth Science, Chapter 15
weather
atmosphere
ozone
water vapor
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
The envelope of gases that surrounds the planet.
A form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule…
Water in the form of a gas.
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
atmosphere
The envelope of gases that surrounds the planet.
34 terms
Chapter 2; Prentice Hall Physical Science
pure substance
element
atom
compound
a sample of matter, either a single element or a single compo…
any of the more than 118 known substances (of which 92 occur…
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements…
pure substance
a sample of matter, either a single element or a single compo…
element
any of the more than 118 known substances (of which 92 occur…
21 terms
california prentice hall earth science chapter 2 vocabulary
element
atomic number
isotope
mass number
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom where electro…
an atom with the same number of protons but different numbers…
the number of neutrons and protons in the nucleus of an atom
element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
atomic number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom where electro…
31 terms
Chapter 2 Science (Prentice Hall Environmental Science)
Producer
Consumer
Herbivore
Carnivore
An organism that makes its own food.
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms.
A consumer that eats only plants.
An organism that eats only animals.
Producer
An organism that makes its own food.
Consumer
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms.
34 terms
chapter 2; prentice hall physical science
pure substance
element
atom
compound
a sample of matter, either a single element or a single compo…
any of the more than 118 known substances (of which 92 occur…
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements…
pure substance
a sample of matter, either a single element or a single compo…
element
any of the more than 118 known substances (of which 92 occur…
21 terms
california prentice hall earth science chapter 2 vocabulary
element
atomic number
isotope
mass number
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom where electro…
an atom with the same number of protons but different numbers…
the number of neutrons and protons in the nucleus of an atom
element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
atomic number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom where electro…
41 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 2 vocabulary
classification
microscope
cell theory
cell
the process of organism based on similarities
instrument that makes objects look larger
-all living things are composed of cells.... -cells are the basi…
basic of unit of structure of all living things
classification
the process of organism based on similarities
microscope
instrument that makes objects look larger
39 terms
Prentice Hall Earth: Chapter 2 and 1.2
Earth science
system
energy
constructive forces
knowledge about Earth and its place in the universe.
A group of related parts that work together.
The ability to do work or cause change.
shape Earth's surface by building up mountains and landmasses.
Earth science
knowledge about Earth and its place in the universe.
system
A group of related parts that work together.
32 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 2 Vocab
organism
cell
unicellular
multicellular
a living thing
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
made of a single cell
consisting of many cells
organism
a living thing
cell
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
21 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Earth's Waters Chapter 2
Irrigation
conservation
desalination
water quality
The process of supplying water to areas of land to make them…
The practice of using less of a resource so that it will not…
The process of obtaining fresh water from salt by removing th…
The degree of purity of water, determined by measuring the su…
Irrigation
The process of supplying water to areas of land to make them…
conservation
The practice of using less of a resource so that it will not…
31 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science chapter 7- Vocanoes
volcanoes
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface.
a molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
Liquid magma that reaches the surface; also the rock formed w…
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the pacific ocean.
volcanoes
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface.
magma
a molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
32 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 2 Vocab
organism
cell
unicellular
multicellular
a living thing
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
made of a single cell
consisting of many cells
organism
a living thing
cell
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
32 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 2 Vocab
organism
cell
unicellular
multicellular
a living thing
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
made of a single cell
consisting of many cells
organism
a living thing
cell
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
23 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 2
pure substance
element
atom
compound
matter that always has exactly the same composition
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
smallest particle of an element
made of two or more simpler substances
pure substance
matter that always has exactly the same composition
element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
12 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 12
uniformitarianism
relative dating
law of superposition
principal of original horizontality
the concept that processes that shaped the Earth in the past…
process by which rocks are placed in their proper chronologic…
a law that states that in any undeformed sequence of sediment…
principle of relative dating; layers of sediments are general…
uniformitarianism
the concept that processes that shaped the Earth in the past…
relative dating
process by which rocks are placed in their proper chronologic…
42 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Earth Science Chapter 8, 2
erosion
sediment
deposition
mass movement
the process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves fragm…
small, solid particles of material from rocks or organisms wh…
the process by which sediment settles out of the water or win…
any one of several processes by which gravity moves sediment…
erosion
the process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves fragm…
sediment
small, solid particles of material from rocks or organisms wh…
21 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Earth's Waters Chapter 2
Irrigation
conservation
desalination
water quality
The process of supplying water to areas of land to make them…
The practice of using less of a resource so that it will not…
The process of obtaining fresh water from salt by removing th…
The degree of purity of water, determined by measuring the su…
Irrigation
The process of supplying water to areas of land to make them…
conservation
The practice of using less of a resource so that it will not…
29 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 6
The Water Cycle
Transpiration
Balance in the Water Cycle
Discharge
the movement of water from the ground to the air and back to…
the emission of water vapor from the leaves of plants.
Annual average precipitation over Earth equals the amount of…
the quantity of water in a stream that passes a given point i…
The Water Cycle
the movement of water from the ground to the air and back to…
Transpiration
the emission of water vapor from the leaves of plants.
25 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 1
Science
Scientific inquiry
Observation
Inference
a way of learning about the natural world and the knowledge g…
the ways in which scientists explore problems and seek to ans…
using sight, hearing, smell, and sometimes taste to gather in…
an interpretation based on your observation and prior knowledge
Science
a way of learning about the natural world and the knowledge g…
Scientific inquiry
the ways in which scientists explore problems and seek to ans…
14 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 13
Shields
Photosynthesis
Stromatolites
Prokaryotes
a large, relatively flat expanse of ancient metamorphic rock…
the process by which algae, and certain prokaryotes use light…
structure produced by algae trapping sediment and forming lay…
organism whose cells lack a nucleus and some other cell struc…
Shields
a large, relatively flat expanse of ancient metamorphic rock…
Photosynthesis
the process by which algae, and certain prokaryotes use light…
15 terms
chapter 3 prentice hall earth science
rock
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
rock formed by the solidification of molten magma
rock formed when sediments are pressed or cemented together
rock altered by pressure and heat
rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
igneous rock
rock formed by the solidification of molten magma
11 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 12
wetland
freshwater wetlands
human activities that threaten Florida…
natural habitats
a land area that is covered with a shallow layer of water dur…
three common types of freshwater wetlands are marshes, swamps…
agriculture, development, and the introduction of new species…
because of their sheltered waters and rich supply of nutrient…
wetland
a land area that is covered with a shallow layer of water dur…
freshwater wetlands
three common types of freshwater wetlands are marshes, swamps…
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Inside Earth Chapter 2 Vocab
earthquake
stress
shearing
tension
the shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume.
stress that pushes masses of rock in opposite directions, in…
(physics) a stress that produces an elongation of an elastic…
earthquake
the shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
stress
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume.
17 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 14
Oceanography
Bathymetry
Sonar
Submersible
the scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena
the measurement of ocean depths and charting of the shape or…
an electronic depth-sounding mechanism; it is an acronym for…
a small underwater craft used for deep-sea research
Oceanography
the scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena
Bathymetry
the measurement of ocean depths and charting of the shape or…
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 22
Astronomy
Geocentric
Orbit
Ellipse
the scientific study of the universe; it includes the observa…
describes the concept of an Earth-centered universe
the path of an object as it goes around another object in space
an oval
Astronomy
the scientific study of the universe; it includes the observa…
Geocentric
describes the concept of an Earth-centered universe
28 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 3
rock
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks…
rock formed by the alteration of preexisting rock deep within…
rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
igneous rock
rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
14 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 16.2
16.2... T/F The faster the particles in a…
16.2 The average amount of energy of m…
16.2 What is thermal energy?
16.2 T/F Temperature is one of the mos…
True
temperature (the measure of how hot or cold a substance is)
the total energy of motion in the particles of a substance
True
16.2... T/F The faster the particles in a…
True
16.2 The average amount of energy of m…
temperature (the measure of how hot or cold a substance is)
33 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Inside Earth Chapter 2
Focus
Magnitude
Liquefaction
Seismograph
The point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under str…
The measurement of an earthquakes strength based on seismic w…
The process by which an earthquakes violent movement suddenly…
A device that records ground movements caused by seismic wave…
Focus
The point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under str…
Magnitude
The measurement of an earthquakes strength based on seismic w…
21 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Earth's Waters Chapter 2
Irrigation
conservation
desalination
water quality
The process of supplying water to areas of land to make them…
The practice of using less of a resource so that it will not…
The process of obtaining fresh water from salt by removing th…
The degree of purity of water, determined by measuring the su…
Irrigation
The process of supplying water to areas of land to make them…
conservation
The practice of using less of a resource so that it will not…
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