How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "term earth science prentice hall"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "term earth science prentice hall"

14 terms
Prentice Hall, Earth Science, Chapter 15
weather
atmosphere
ozone
water vapor
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
The envelope of gases that surrounds the planet.
A form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule…
Water in the form of a gas.
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
atmosphere
The envelope of gases that surrounds the planet.
62 terms
Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE
EARTH SCIENCE
GEOLOGY
OCEANOGRAPHY
METEOROLOGY
the name for all of the sciences that collectively seek to un…
science that examines Earth, its form and composition, the ch…
the scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena
the scientific study of the atmosphere and atmospheric phenom…
EARTH SCIENCE
the name for all of the sciences that collectively seek to un…
GEOLOGY
science that examines Earth, its form and composition, the ch…
21 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Alex
continental drift
pangaea
sonar
oceanic trench
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
The name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
A device that determines the distance of an object under wate…
When an oceanic plate and a continental plate converge, a(n)…
continental drift
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
pangaea
The name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
31 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science chapter 7- Vocanoes
volcanoes
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface.
a molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
Liquid magma that reaches the surface; also the rock formed w…
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the pacific ocean.
volcanoes
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface.
magma
a molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
12 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 12
uniformitarianism
relative dating
law of superposition
principal of original horizontality
the concept that processes that shaped the Earth in the past…
process by which rocks are placed in their proper chronologic…
a law that states that in any undeformed sequence of sediment…
principle of relative dating; layers of sediments are general…
uniformitarianism
the concept that processes that shaped the Earth in the past…
relative dating
process by which rocks are placed in their proper chronologic…
33 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Ch 2
topography
elevation
relief
landforms
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
height above sea level
The difference in elevation between the highest and lowest pa…
Features of topography formed by the processes that shape Ear…
topography
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
elevation
height above sea level
25 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 1
Science
Scientific inquiry
Observation
Inference
a way of learning about the natural world and the knowledge g…
the ways in which scientists explore problems and seek to ans…
using sight, hearing, smell, and sometimes taste to gather in…
an interpretation based on your observation and prior knowledge
Science
a way of learning about the natural world and the knowledge g…
Scientific inquiry
the ways in which scientists explore problems and seek to ans…
29 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 6
The Water Cycle
Transpiration
Balance in the Water Cycle
Discharge
the movement of water from the ground to the air and back to…
the emission of water vapor from the leaves of plants.
Annual average precipitation over Earth equals the amount of…
the quantity of water in a stream that passes a given point i…
The Water Cycle
the movement of water from the ground to the air and back to…
Transpiration
the emission of water vapor from the leaves of plants.
14 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 13
Shields
Photosynthesis
Stromatolites
Prokaryotes
a large, relatively flat expanse of ancient metamorphic rock…
the process by which algae, and certain prokaryotes use light…
structure produced by algae trapping sediment and forming lay…
organism whose cells lack a nucleus and some other cell struc…
Shields
a large, relatively flat expanse of ancient metamorphic rock…
Photosynthesis
the process by which algae, and certain prokaryotes use light…
15 terms
chapter 3 prentice hall earth science
rock
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
rock formed by the solidification of molten magma
rock formed when sediments are pressed or cemented together
rock altered by pressure and heat
rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
igneous rock
rock formed by the solidification of molten magma
11 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 12
wetland
freshwater wetlands
human activities that threaten Florida…
natural habitats
a land area that is covered with a shallow layer of water dur…
three common types of freshwater wetlands are marshes, swamps…
agriculture, development, and the introduction of new species…
because of their sheltered waters and rich supply of nutrient…
wetland
a land area that is covered with a shallow layer of water dur…
freshwater wetlands
three common types of freshwater wetlands are marshes, swamps…
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 22
Astronomy
Geocentric
Orbit
Ellipse
the scientific study of the universe; it includes the observa…
describes the concept of an Earth-centered universe
the path of an object as it goes around another object in space
an oval
Astronomy
the scientific study of the universe; it includes the observa…
Geocentric
describes the concept of an Earth-centered universe
28 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 3
rock
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks…
rock formed by the alteration of preexisting rock deep within…
rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
igneous rock
rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
17 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 14
Oceanography
Bathymetry
Sonar
Submersible
the scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena
the measurement of ocean depths and charting of the shape or…
an electronic depth-sounding mechanism; it is an acronym for…
a small underwater craft used for deep-sea research
Oceanography
the scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena
Bathymetry
the measurement of ocean depths and charting of the shape or…
29 terms
Chapter 5 Prentice Hall Earth Science
seismic waves
pressure
crust
mantle
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
the force exerted on a surface divided by the total area over…
the layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface
the layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and core
seismic waves
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
pressure
the force exerted on a surface divided by the total area over…
30 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Ch 2
topography
elevation
relief
landforms
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
height above sea level
The difference in elevation between the highest and lowest pa…
Features of topography formed by the processes that shape Ear…
topography
the shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and la…
elevation
height above sea level
20 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Ch. 1
earth science
geology
oceanography
meteorology
the name for the group of sciences that deals with its neighb…
study of the earth
the scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena
the scientific study of the atmosphere and atmospheric phenom…
earth science
the name for the group of sciences that deals with its neighb…
geology
study of the earth
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 2
Element
Atomic Number
Energy Level
Isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
one of several distinct regions around the nucleus of an atom…
an atom with the same number of protons but different numbers…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Atomic Number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
18 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 17
Ozone
Troposphere
Summer Solstice
Winter Solstice
a molecule of oxygen containing three oxygen atoms
the lowermost layer of the atmosphere; it is generally charac…
the solstice that occurs on June 21 or 22 in the Northern Hem…
the solstice that occurs on December 21 or 22 in the Northern…
Ozone
a molecule of oxygen containing three oxygen atoms
Troposphere
the lowermost layer of the atmosphere; it is generally charac…
13 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 4
runoff
renewable resources
recycling
point source pollution
water that flows over the land surface rather than seeping in…
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
the collection and processing of used items so they can be ma…
water pollution that comes from a known and specific location
runoff
water that flows over the land surface rather than seeping in…
renewable resources
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 8
Earthquake
Focus
Seismic Waves
Epicenter
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
the location on Earth's surface directly above the focus, or…
Earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Focus
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
20 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 1
Earth Science
Geology
Oceanography
Meteorology
the name for all sciences that collectively seek to understan…
the science that examines Earth; its form and composition, an…
the scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena
the scientific study of the atmosphere and atmospheric phenom…
Earth Science
the name for all sciences that collectively seek to understan…
Geology
the science that examines Earth; its form and composition, an…
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 2
Element
Atomic Number
Energy Level
Isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
one of several distinct regions around the nucleus of an atom…
an atom with the same number of protons but different numbers…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Atomic Number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
20 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 9
Continental Drift
Pangaea
Sonar
Trench
a hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had…
the proposed super-continent that 200 million years ago began…
an electronic depth-sounding mechanism; is is an acronym for…
a surface feature in the seafloor produced by the descending…
Continental Drift
a hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had…
Pangaea
the proposed super-continent that 200 million years ago began…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 12
uniformitarianism
relative dating
law of superposition
principal of original horizontality
the concept that processes that shaped the Earth in the past…
process by which rocks are placed in their proper chronologic…
a law that states that in any undeformed sequence of sediment…
principle of relative dating; layers of sediments are general…
uniformitarianism
the concept that processes that shaped the Earth in the past…
relative dating
process by which rocks are placed in their proper chronologic…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 1
Science
Inference
A controlled experiment
Variable
is a way of learning about the natural world.
is explaining or interpreting the things you observe.
is a test of a hypothesis under conditions established by the…
is one of the factors that can change in an experiment.
Science
is a way of learning about the natural world.
Inference
is explaining or interpreting the things you observe.
21 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 10
decompression melting
Ring of Fire
intraplate volcanism
hot spot
melting due to a drop in confining pressure that occurs as ro…
volcano belt that rims the Pacific ocean
igneous activity that occurs within a tectonic plate away fro…
a concentration of heat in the mantle capable of producing ma…
decompression melting
melting due to a drop in confining pressure that occurs as ro…
Ring of Fire
volcano belt that rims the Pacific ocean
12 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 3
mineral
crystal
magma
silicate
naturally occurring inorganic solid that has a definite chemi…
solid in which the atoms are arranged in an orderly repeating…
Hot, melted rock material beneath Earth's surface
describes a mineral that contains silicon and oxygen and usua…
mineral
naturally occurring inorganic solid that has a definite chemi…
crystal
solid in which the atoms are arranged in an orderly repeating…
18 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 11
Fuel
combustion
fossil fuel
hydrocarbon
A substance that provides energy as the result of a chemical…
The process of burning a fuel
An energy rich substance formed from the remains of organisms.
An energy rich chemical compound that contains carbon and hyd…
Fuel
A substance that provides energy as the result of a chemical…
combustion
The process of burning a fuel
19 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 5
Mechanical Weathering
Frost Wedging
Talus
Exfoliation
the physical disintegration of rock, resulting in smaller fra…
the mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
an accumulation of rock debris at the base of a cliff
type of weathering caused by reducing pressure on a rock surf…
Mechanical Weathering
the physical disintegration of rock, resulting in smaller fra…
Frost Wedging
the mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
30 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 6
Water Cycle
Infiltration
Transpiration
Gradient
the constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphe…
the movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
process through which plants absorb water and release it into…
the slope of a stream over a certain distance
Water Cycle
the constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphe…
Infiltration
the movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
12 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 21
tropical zone
temperate zone
polar zone
Köppen climate classification system
region between 23.5° north (the Tropic of Cancer) and 23.5° s…
region located between 23.5° and 66.5° north and south of the…
the region between 66.5° north and south latitudes and the po…
a system for classifying climates that is based on mean month…
tropical zone
region between 23.5° north (the Tropic of Cancer) and 23.5° s…
temperate zone
region located between 23.5° and 66.5° north and south of the…
25 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 8
weathering
erosion
uniformitarianism
mechanical weathering
The chemical and physical processes that break down rock at E…
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weath…
The geologic principle that the same geologic processes that…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
weathering
The chemical and physical processes that break down rock at E…
erosion
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weath…
18 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 9
continental drift
Pangea
plate tectonics
plate
the hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
(plate tectonics) a hypothetical continent including all the…
the theory that proposes that earth's outer shell consists of…
a rigid layer of the Earth's crust that is believed to drift…
continental drift
the hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
Pangea
(plate tectonics) a hypothetical continent including all the…
31 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 12 Vocabulary
water cycle
precipitation
groundwater
tributaries
is the continuous process by which water moves from earths su…
rain, snow, sleet, hail,
water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil an…
The streams and smaller rivers that feed into a main river.
water cycle
is the continuous process by which water moves from earths su…
precipitation
rain, snow, sleet, hail,
19 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 2 Minerals
minerals
streak
luster
density
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
The color of a mineral's powder.
The way a mineral reflects light from its surface.
The amount of mass in a given space; mass per unit volume.
minerals
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
streak
The color of a mineral's powder.
31 terms
Earth Science Final Prentice Hall
3 factors that affect how magma forms
slab-pull
ridge-push
mantle plume
heat, pressure, and water content
oceanic plate being pulled under the continental or other oce…
magma gets pushed into the two oceanic plates and pushes the…
hotter magma than the rest under the crust
3 factors that affect how magma forms
heat, pressure, and water content
slab-pull
oceanic plate being pulled under the continental or other oce…
14 terms
Prentice Hall, Earth Science, Chapter 7
weather
atmosphere
ozone
water vapor
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
The envelope of gases that surrounds the planet.
A form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule…
Water in the form of a gas.
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
atmosphere
The envelope of gases that surrounds the planet.
20 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 1
Earth Science
Geology
Oceanography
Meteorology
the name for all sciences that collectively seek to understan…
the science that examines Earth; its form and composition, an…
the scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena
the scientific study of the atmosphere and atmospheric phenom…
Earth Science
the name for all sciences that collectively seek to understan…
Geology
the science that examines Earth; its form and composition, an…
54 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 16
Water Cycle
Evaporation
Humidity
Relative Humidity
The movement of water between the atmosphere and Earth's surf…
The process by which water molecules in liquid water escape i…
A measure of the amount of water vapor in the air
The percentage of water vapor in the air compared to the maxi…
Water Cycle
The movement of water between the atmosphere and Earth's surf…
Evaporation
The process by which water molecules in liquid water escape i…
101 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 3
4 characteristics of minerals
naturally occurring
not made by life processed
solid with atoms arranged in orderly r…
Naturally occurring... Inorganic... Element or compound with a defi…
formed by processes on or inside Earth with no input from hum…
inorganic
crystal
4 characteristics of minerals
Naturally occurring... Inorganic... Element or compound with a defi…
naturally occurring
formed by processes on or inside Earth with no input from hum…
17 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 4
alloy
cleavage
crystal
crystallization
a solid mixture of two or more elements, one of which is a me…
a mineral's ability to split easily along flat surfaces
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
The process by which atoms are arranged to form a material wi…
alloy
a solid mixture of two or more elements, one of which is a me…
cleavage
a mineral's ability to split easily along flat surfaces
17 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 17
Ozone
Troposphere
Summer Solstice
Winter Solstice
a molecule of oxygen containing three oxygen atoms
the lowermost layer of the atmosphere; it is generally charac…
the solstice that occurs on June 21 or 22 in the Northern Hem…
the solstice that occurs on December 21 or 22 in the Northern…
Ozone
a molecule of oxygen containing three oxygen atoms
Troposphere
the lowermost layer of the atmosphere; it is generally charac…
26 terms
Chapter 1 Prentice Hall Earth Science
Earth Science
Geology
Oceanography
Meteorology
the name for the group of sciences that deal with Earth and i…
"study of earth"/ physical and historical
the study of earth's oceans
study of the atmosphere and the processes that produce weathe…
Earth Science
the name for the group of sciences that deal with Earth and i…
Geology
"study of earth"/ physical and historical
28 terms
chapter 3 prentice hall earth science
rock
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
rock formed by the solidification of molten magma
rock formed when sediments are pressed or cemented together
rock altered by pressure and heat
rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
igneous rock
rock formed by the solidification of molten magma
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science ch. 1-1
scientific law
temperature
manipulated variable
classifying
A statement that describes what scientists expect to happen e…
The measure of how hot or cold something is
If you purposely change the temperature in an experiment to t…
Grouping things by similar characteristics
scientific law
A statement that describes what scientists expect to happen e…
temperature
The measure of how hot or cold something is
21 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary (sections 1-4)
seismic waves
pressure
crust
mantle
the force exerted on a surface divided by the total area over…
the layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface
the layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and core
seismic waves
pressure
the force exerted on a surface divided by the total area over…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 1
Science
Inference
A controlled experiment
Variable
is a way of learning about the natural world.
is explaining or interpreting the things you observe.
is a test of a hypothesis under conditions established by the…
is one of the factors that can change in an experiment.
Science
is a way of learning about the natural world.
Inference
is explaining or interpreting the things you observe.
28 terms
chapter 3 prentice hall earth science
rock
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
rock formed by the solidification of molten magma
rock formed when sediments are pressed or cemented together
rock altered by pressure and heat
rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
igneous rock
rock formed by the solidification of molten magma
18 terms
chapter 5 prentice hall earth science
mechanical weathering
frost wedging
talus
exfoliation
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
the mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
the bone in the ankle that articulates with the leg bones to…
a thin flake of dead epidermis shed from the surface of the s…
mechanical weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
frost wedging
the mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
1 of 10