Study sets matching "term earth science"

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Study sets matching "term earth science"

88 terms
Earth Science Mid-Term Review
Lithosphere
Atmosphere
Hydrosphere
Mantle
Solid part of earth's atmosphere
The gases that surround our planet
The part of the earth that is water
Layer of earth below the crust
Lithosphere
Solid part of earth's atmosphere
Atmosphere
The gases that surround our planet
Earth Science Mid-Term
Earth science
Physical science
Life science
Scientific inquiry
The branch of science that studies the Earth, including rocks…
The branch of science that studies matter and energy, include…
The branch of science that studies living things
A process that uses a set of skills to answer questions or to…
Earth science
The branch of science that studies the Earth, including rocks…
Physical science
The branch of science that studies matter and energy, include…
13 terms
Earth Science Ch 2 Terms
ocean crust
continental crust
magnetosphere
atmosphere
most dense (heaviest) part of earths outermost layer
forms the landmasses of the earths outermost layer, lower den…
magnetic field surrounding a planet, which deflects much of t…
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon.
ocean crust
most dense (heaviest) part of earths outermost layer
continental crust
forms the landmasses of the earths outermost layer, lower den…
26 terms
Earth Science Mid Term Vocabulary
Density
Topographic maps
Lithosphere
Hydrosphere
how tightly packed atoms are
Maps that show Earth's highs and lows.
Earth's outer shell, including the crust and uppermost mantle.
all of Earth's water
Density
how tightly packed atoms are
Topographic maps
Maps that show Earth's highs and lows.
17 terms
Chapter 1 Earth Science Terms
science
earth science
geology
meteorology
The process of observing, explaining, and understanding thing…
The study of earth and space; includes geology, meteorology,…
The study of Earth and its matter, processes, and history.
The study of Earth's weather and the forces that cause it.
science
The process of observing, explaining, and understanding thing…
earth science
The study of earth and space; includes geology, meteorology,…
27 terms
Chapter 1 Earth Science terms
Innermost region of the Earth
List of map symbols and their meaning
Part of Earth that is water
Error in shape, size or distance
core
legend
hydrosphere
distortion
Innermost region of the Earth
core
List of map symbols and their meaning
legend
Earth Science All Terms
Plate tectonics
Plates
Divergence
Convergence
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
- 2 plates move away from each other... - hot mantle rock rises…
- crust collides with another oceanic plate or continental pl…
Plate tectonics
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
Plates
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
36 terms
Earth Science
mineral
igeneous rock
sedimentary rock
sediments
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
rock formed from pieces of rocks and remains of living things…
pieces of rock
mineral
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
igeneous rock
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
215 terms
All Earth Science Terms!!!!
fission
neap tide
spring tide
radiation
the splitting of atoms, releasing a lot of energy
a perpendicular alignment of the sun, moon, and earth that cr…
a straight alignment of the sun, moon, and earth that creates…
transfer of energy through electromagnetic waves
fission
the splitting of atoms, releasing a lot of energy
neap tide
a perpendicular alignment of the sun, moon, and earth that cr…
36 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Terms
Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Rock Cycle
lava
Solid mass of mineral or mineral material that is naturally o…
Rocks formed by deposition and lithification of pieces of roc…
The continuous processes rock undergoes to change on our plan…
Molten rock that has made it onto the surface of the Earth
Rock
Solid mass of mineral or mineral material that is naturally o…
Sedimentary Rock
Rocks formed by deposition and lithification of pieces of roc…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Terms
element
energy level
mass number
chemical bond
A pure substance containing only one type of atom.
Regions in which electrons can be found.
Found by adding protons and neutrons together. Given as an av…
An attraction that forms between atoms that is not easily bro…
element
A pure substance containing only one type of atom.
energy level
Regions in which electrons can be found.
8th Grade Science--Earth Science Terms
chemical weathering
continental drift
converted
cycle
process in which minerals and rocks are broken down into new…
theory that states that the continents move and once formed a…
changed
sequence of events occurring in a predictable pattern that ev…
chemical weathering
process in which minerals and rocks are broken down into new…
continental drift
theory that states that the continents move and once formed a…
Earth Science: Earth History
Continental Drift
Seafloor Spreading
Pangea
Convection Current
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
the formation of new areas of oceanic crust, which occurs thr…
super continent consisting of all known continents fitting to…
the movement of a fluid, caused by differences in temperature…
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
Seafloor Spreading
the formation of new areas of oceanic crust, which occurs thr…
20 terms
Chapter 10 Earth Science Terms
Decompression melting
Ring of Fire
intraplate volcanism
hot spot
melting due to a drop in confining pressure that occurs as ro…
volcanic belt that rings the Pacific Ocean
igneous activity that occurs within a tectonic plate away fro…
a concentration of heat in the mantle capable of producing ma…
Decompression melting
melting due to a drop in confining pressure that occurs as ro…
Ring of Fire
volcanic belt that rings the Pacific Ocean
59 terms
1st Semester Earth Science Terms
Tragedy of the Commons
Environment
Environmental Science
Environmentalism
Overuse of land can have bad impact on everyone
All living and non-living things with which organisms interact
The study of how the natural world works, and how we effect t…
A social movement dedicated to protecting the natural world f…
Tragedy of the Commons
Overuse of land can have bad impact on everyone
Environment
All living and non-living things with which organisms interact
Earth Science terms
Oblate sphere
Circumference
Diameter
Equatorial Diameter
A spheroid that is flat, or slightly flat at its poles.
The circumference of a circle is the distance around it.
A line through the center of a figure, often times a circle.
The distance through the middle of the Earth. Earth's equator…
Oblate sphere
A spheroid that is flat, or slightly flat at its poles.
Circumference
The circumference of a circle is the distance around it.
16 terms
Chapter 9 Earth Science Terms
continental drift
Pangaea
sonar
deep-ocean trench
hypothesis that continents were once connected as one superco…
One of Earth's supercontinents which broke up some 200 millio…
electronic device used to find the depth of the ocean floor b…
Deep portion of the ocean, created by the subduction of an oc…
continental drift
hypothesis that continents were once connected as one superco…
Pangaea
One of Earth's supercontinents which broke up some 200 millio…
Earth Science
mineral
igeneous rock
sedimentary rock
sediments
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
rock formed from pieces of rocks and remains of living things…
pieces of rock
mineral
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
igeneous rock
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
Earth Science Vocab Terms
Igneous
Magma
Lava
Sediments
Rocks created from the cooling and solidification of magma or…
Molten rock below the surface of the Earth
Molten rock at or above the surface of the Earth
Solid material that is moved and deposited in a new location
Igneous
Rocks created from the cooling and solidification of magma or…
Magma
Molten rock below the surface of the Earth
43 terms
Earth & Space Science Terms
air mass
black hole
continental shelf
continental slope
a large body of air with certain temperature and moisture
an infinite warp in space with gravity strong enough to trap…
the nearly flat area of the ocean bottom where the ocean meet…
the sloping area that extends from the edge of the continenta…
air mass
a large body of air with certain temperature and moisture
black hole
an infinite warp in space with gravity strong enough to trap…
32 terms
Earth Science
nonrenewable resources
renewable resources
inexhaustible resources
natural resources
resources that nature cannot replace in our lifetime (example…
natural resources that can be renewed or replaced by nature,…
resources that will never run out such as the Sun, wind, and…
any of the useful minerals and other materials that people ta…
nonrenewable resources
resources that nature cannot replace in our lifetime (example…
renewable resources
natural resources that can be renewed or replaced by nature,…
62 terms
Earth & Space Science Terms
Oceanography
Open cluster
Open universe
Opinion
the study of Earth's oceans
a small group of stars that is located along the spiral disk…
the theory that the universe will continue to slowly expand f…
a personal belief that is often based on a person's own value…
Oceanography
the study of Earth's oceans
Open cluster
a small group of stars that is located along the spiral disk…
8th Earth Science Terms
hydrosphere
biosphere
atmosphere
geosphere
the sphere that contains all earth's water
the sphere that contains all living things
the outer layer sphere made from gas
the sphere that contains all rocks and soils on earth
hydrosphere
the sphere that contains all earth's water
biosphere
the sphere that contains all living things
Earth Science
lithosphere
asthenosphere
outer core
Inner core
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
The middle layer of the mantle where convection currents happ…
The hot, molten layer of Earth's interior made up of liquid n…
The hottest layer of Earth's interior, made up of iron, but s…
lithosphere
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
asthenosphere
The middle layer of the mantle where convection currents happ…
Earth Science Mid-term
Matter
The Equator
Geology
Mixture -
anything that occupies space and has mass
found at 00 latitude
The study of the earth
Combination of 2 or more substances
Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
The Equator
found at 00 latitude
Earth Science
1. The same objects have the
2. The closer isolines are...
3. The altitude of Polaris equals...
4. The Earth rotates
same density (NO MATTER WHAT SIZE)
the steeper the gradient... (diagram: North side is steepest)
the latitude of the observer... Diagram: Observer's altitude = 6…
West to east... 15 degrees per hour... in 24 hours or one day
1. The same objects have the
same density (NO MATTER WHAT SIZE)
2. The closer isolines are...
the steeper the gradient... (diagram: North side is steepest)
Earth Science
Plate tectonics
Plates
Divergence
Convergence
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
- 2 plates move away from each other... - hot mantle rock rises…
- crust collides with another oceanic plate or continental pl…
Plate tectonics
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
Plates
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
79 terms
Earth Science Terms
Earth Science
5 branches of Earth Science
Geology
3 sub branches of Geology
The study of the Earth and the universe surrounding it
Geology, Oceanography, Meteorology, Astronomy, Environmental…
Study of the solid earth
Seismology, Volcanology, Paleontology
Earth Science
The study of the Earth and the universe surrounding it
5 branches of Earth Science
Geology, Oceanography, Meteorology, Astronomy, Environmental…
36 terms
Earth Science
soil
humus
horizon
soil profile
a mixture of weathered rock, humus, mineral fragments, water,…
rich, dark organic material formed by the decay of plant and…
each different layer of soil
all the vertical layers or horizons that make up a soil in a…
soil
a mixture of weathered rock, humus, mineral fragments, water,…
humus
rich, dark organic material formed by the decay of plant and…
Earth Science Mid Term
Cap Rock
Evaporation
Cleavage
Alluvial Fan
a layer of hard, impervious rock overlaying and often sealing…
The change of a substance from a liquid to a gas
A mineral's ability to split easily along flat surfaces.
a fan-shaped mass of material deposited by a stream when the…
Cap Rock
a layer of hard, impervious rock overlaying and often sealing…
Evaporation
The change of a substance from a liquid to a gas
18 terms
!Earth Science Unit Terms!
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Ice Wedging
Abrasion
The process by which rock materials are broken down by the ac…
The breakdown of rock into smaller pieces by physical means.…
When water seeps into rock cracks, freezes, then widen the cr…
The grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
Weathering
The process by which rock materials are broken down by the ac…
Mechanical Weathering
The breakdown of rock into smaller pieces by physical means.…
8 terms
Earth Science 1.1 Terms
atmosphere
biosphere
constructive force
destructive force
the Earth's outermost layer composed of a relatively thin env…
all living organisms on Earth
forces that build up or shape the Earth's surface
forces that wear away or destroy landmasses
atmosphere
the Earth's outermost layer composed of a relatively thin env…
biosphere
all living organisms on Earth
19 terms
Ch 17 TermsEarth Science
ozone
thermosphere
spring equinox
convection
a molecule of oxygen containing three oxygen atoms.
a region of the atmosphere immediately above the mesosphere a…
The equinox that occurs on March 21 or 22 in the Northern Hem…
the transfer of heat by the movement of a mass or substance,…
ozone
a molecule of oxygen containing three oxygen atoms.
thermosphere
a region of the atmosphere immediately above the mesosphere a…
17 terms
Chapter 1 Earth Science Terms
science
earth science
geology
meteorology
The process of observing, explaining, and understanding thing…
The study of earth and space; includes geology, meteorology,…
The study of Earth and its matter, processes, and history.
The study of Earth's weather and the forces that cause it.
science
The process of observing, explaining, and understanding thing…
earth science
The study of earth and space; includes geology, meteorology,…
39 terms
Earth Science Review Terms
coordinate system
rotation
revolution
conduction
latitude and longitude
spinning on axis, 15 degrees per hour, causing day and night
orbit around sun, causing seasons
heat transfer through solids
coordinate system
latitude and longitude
rotation
spinning on axis, 15 degrees per hour, causing day and night
Earth Science Mid Term
1.648 x 10 3
percent error
density
mass
convert 1,648
tv-ov/tv x 100
D=M/V
M=DV
1.648 x 10 3
convert 1,648
percent error
tv-ov/tv x 100
16 terms
Earth Science
pollution
global warming
hydropower
conserve
the waste that makes land, air and water dirty or unusable
the warming of the Earth that can cause changes to the Earth
a renewable power that uses the force of moving water to make…
to save or protect
pollution
the waste that makes land, air and water dirty or unusable
global warming
the warming of the Earth that can cause changes to the Earth
18 terms
Earth science
mineral
Element
Atom
Compound
A naturally occurring, usually inorganic solid that has a def…
Pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substa…
All substances are made of atoms. Considered the building blo…
Substance made up of molecules of two or more elements.
mineral
A naturally occurring, usually inorganic solid that has a def…
Element
Pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substa…
19 terms
Earth Science
LandForms
Core
Mantle
Crust
Physical Features on Earth's surface
The hot and dense center of the Earth
The large middle layer of the Earth made of molten rock
The thin outer layer of the Earth made of solid rock
LandForms
Physical Features on Earth's surface
Core
The hot and dense center of the Earth
Earth Science Mid-Term
3 conditions must be met in order to p…
3 stages of thunderstorms
2 types of thunderstorms
Thunder storm clouds
moisture lifting stability
cumulus stage, mature stage, dissipation stage
air mass thunderstorm, frontal thunderstorms
Cumulonimbus
3 conditions must be met in order to p…
moisture lifting stability
3 stages of thunderstorms
cumulus stage, mature stage, dissipation stage
11 terms
Earth Science
volcano
magma
lava
tectonic plate
A mountain that forms when magma reaches the surface.
Molten rock under the earth's surface
When magma reaches the surface
Large movable plates under the Earth's surface.
volcano
A mountain that forms when magma reaches the surface.
magma
Molten rock under the earth's surface
22 terms
Earth Science Terms
Crust
Mantle
Inner core
Outer core
Earth's outermost layer
The layer of the earth between the crust and the core. It is…
The solid, inner portion of the Earth's core.
The liquid, outer portion of the Earth's core,... produces the E…
Crust
Earth's outermost layer
Mantle
The layer of the earth between the crust and the core. It is…
107 terms
Earth Science Terms I
Latitude
Longitude
Contour Interval
Matter
Horizontal
Vertical
the difference in elevation between 2 consecutive contour lines
anything with mass and volume, made of elements
Latitude
Horizontal
Longitude
Vertical
61 terms
Regents earth science terms
Angle of incidence
Anticyclone
Aphelion
Abrasion
The angle at which the suns rays hit earths surface
A high pressure mass of air within the troposphere in which a…
The point in a planets orbit when it is farthest from the sun
The physical action of scraping, rubbing, grinding, or wearin…
Angle of incidence
The angle at which the suns rays hit earths surface
Anticyclone
A high pressure mass of air within the troposphere in which a…
Science Terms: Earth Science
Temperature
Heat
Thermal Energy
Conduction
The average of the kinetic energy of the particles of a subst…
The amount of thermal energy that transfers from an area of h…
Total energy of all particles
the transfer of heat energy by direct contact
Temperature
The average of the kinetic energy of the particles of a subst…
Heat
The amount of thermal energy that transfers from an area of h…
54 terms
Earth Science Terms-Not Sure
physical properties
foliated
intrusive
extrusive
the characteristics of a substance that can be observed or me…
term used to describe metamorphic rocks that have grains arra…
a type of igneous rock that generally contains large crystals…
A type of igneous rock that generally contains small crystals…
physical properties
the characteristics of a substance that can be observed or me…
foliated
term used to describe metamorphic rocks that have grains arra…
86 terms
Earth Science Terms (Fall 2015)
Earth science
Geology
Oceanography
Meteorology
the study of Earth and the universe around it.
scientific study of the origin, history, and structure of Ear…
the scientific study of the ocean, including the properties a…
the scientific study of the Earth's atmosphere, especially in…
Earth science
the study of Earth and the universe around it.
Geology
scientific study of the origin, history, and structure of Ear…
15 terms
Intro to Earth Science - Key Terms
Science -
Evidence
graph
Scientific inquiry
use of evidence to construct testable explanations and predic…
supporting information
a chart or diagram of quantitative data that helps the viewer…
refers to the activities through which students develop knowl…
Science -
use of evidence to construct testable explanations and predic…
Evidence
supporting information
10 terms
Earth Science Terms
chemical weathering
continental drift
converted
cycle
process in which minerals and rocks are broken down into new…
theory that states that the continents move and once formed a…
changed
sequence of events occurring in a predictable pattern that ev…
chemical weathering
process in which minerals and rocks are broken down into new…
continental drift
theory that states that the continents move and once formed a…
104 terms
Earth Science Terms
Earth science
Crust
Lithosphere
Atmosphere
Study of Earth and space, including rocks, fossils, climate,…
Earth's outermost layer.
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet, such as Earth.
Earth science
Study of Earth and space, including rocks, fossils, climate,…
Crust
Earth's outermost layer.
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