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Study sets matching "term earth science"

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Study sets matching "term earth science"

13 terms
Earth Science Ch 2 Terms
ocean crust
continental crust
magnetosphere
atmosphere
most dense (heaviest) part of earths outermost layer
forms the landmasses of the earths outermost layer, lower den…
magnetic field surrounding a planet, which deflects much of t…
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon.
ocean crust
most dense (heaviest) part of earths outermost layer
continental crust
forms the landmasses of the earths outermost layer, lower den…
27 terms
Chapter 1 Earth Science terms
Innermost region of the Earth
List of map symbols and their meaning
Part of Earth that is water
Error in shape, size or distance
core
legend
hydrosphere
distortion
Innermost region of the Earth
core
List of map symbols and their meaning
legend
17 terms
Chapter 1 Earth Science Terms
science
earth science
geology
meteorology
The process of observing, explaining, and understanding thing…
The study of earth and space; includes geology, meteorology,…
The study of Earth and its matter, processes, and history.
The study of Earth's weather and the forces that cause it.
science
The process of observing, explaining, and understanding thing…
earth science
The study of earth and space; includes geology, meteorology,…
93 terms
Earth Science All Terms
Plate tectonics
Plates
Divergence
Convergence
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
- 2 plates move away from each other... - hot mantle rock rises…
- crust collides with another oceanic plate or continental pl…
Plate tectonics
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
Plates
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
10 terms
8th Grade Science--Earth Science Terms
chemical weathering
continental drift
converted
cycle
process in which minerals and rocks are broken down into new…
theory that states that the continents move and once formed a…
changed
sequence of events occurring in a predictable pattern that ev…
chemical weathering
process in which minerals and rocks are broken down into new…
continental drift
theory that states that the continents move and once formed a…
Earth Science: Earth History
Continental Drift
Seafloor Spreading
Pangea
Convection Current
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
the formation of new areas of oceanic crust, which occurs thr…
super continent consisting of all known continents fitting to…
the movement of a fluid, caused by differences in temperature…
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
Seafloor Spreading
the formation of new areas of oceanic crust, which occurs thr…
22 terms
8th Earth Science Terms
hydrosphere
biosphere
atmosphere
geosphere
the sphere that contains all earth's water
the sphere that contains all living things
the outer layer sphere made from gas
the sphere that contains all rocks and soils on earth
hydrosphere
the sphere that contains all earth's water
biosphere
the sphere that contains all living things
43 terms
Earth & Space Science Terms
air mass
black hole
continental shelf
continental slope
a large body of air with certain temperature and moisture
an infinite warp in space with gravity strong enough to trap…
the nearly flat area of the ocean bottom where the ocean meet…
the sloping area that extends from the edge of the continenta…
air mass
a large body of air with certain temperature and moisture
black hole
an infinite warp in space with gravity strong enough to trap…
36 terms
Earth Science
mineral
igeneous rock
sedimentary rock
sediments
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
rock formed from pieces of rocks and remains of living things…
pieces of rock
mineral
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
igeneous rock
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
36 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Terms
Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Rock Cycle
lava
Solid mass of mineral or mineral material that is naturally o…
Rocks formed by deposition and lithification of pieces of roc…
The continuous processes rock undergoes to change on our plan…
Molten rock that has made it onto the surface of the Earth
Rock
Solid mass of mineral or mineral material that is naturally o…
Sedimentary Rock
Rocks formed by deposition and lithification of pieces of roc…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Terms
element
energy level
mass number
chemical bond
A pure substance containing only one type of atom.
Regions in which electrons can be found.
Found by adding protons and neutrons together. Given as an av…
An attraction that forms between atoms that is not easily bro…
element
A pure substance containing only one type of atom.
energy level
Regions in which electrons can be found.
36 terms
Earth Science
mineral
igeneous rock
sedimentary rock
sediments
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
rock formed from pieces of rocks and remains of living things…
pieces of rock
mineral
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
igeneous rock
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
93 terms
Earth Science
Plate tectonics
Plates
Divergence
Convergence
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
- 2 plates move away from each other... - hot mantle rock rises…
- crust collides with another oceanic plate or continental pl…
Plate tectonics
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
Plates
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
145 terms
Earth Science
1. The same objects have the
2. The closer isolines are...
3. The altitude of Polaris equals...
4. The Earth rotates
same density (NO MATTER WHAT SIZE)
the steeper the gradient... (diagram: North side is steepest)
the latitude of the observer... Diagram: Observer's altitude = 6…
West to east... 15 degrees per hour... in 24 hours or one day
1. The same objects have the
same density (NO MATTER WHAT SIZE)
2. The closer isolines are...
the steeper the gradient... (diagram: North side is steepest)
18 terms
Earth science
mineral
Element
Atom
Compound
A naturally occurring, usually inorganic solid that has a def…
Pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substa…
All substances are made of atoms. Considered the building blo…
Substance made up of molecules of two or more elements.
mineral
A naturally occurring, usually inorganic solid that has a def…
Element
Pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substa…
23 terms
Earth Science
lithosphere
asthenosphere
outer core
Inner core
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
The middle layer of the mantle where convection currents happ…
The hot, molten layer of Earth's interior made up of liquid n…
The hottest layer of Earth's interior, made up of iron, but s…
lithosphere
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
asthenosphere
The middle layer of the mantle where convection currents happ…
17 terms
Chapter 1 Earth Science Terms
science
earth science
geology
meteorology
The process of observing, explaining, and understanding thing…
The study of earth and space; includes geology, meteorology,…
The study of Earth and its matter, processes, and history.
The study of Earth's weather and the forces that cause it.
science
The process of observing, explaining, and understanding thing…
earth science
The study of earth and space; includes geology, meteorology,…
62 terms
Earth & Space Science Terms
Oceanography
Open cluster
Open universe
Opinion
the study of Earth's oceans
a small group of stars that is located along the spiral disk…
the theory that the universe will continue to slowly expand f…
a personal belief that is often based on a person's own value…
Oceanography
the study of Earth's oceans
Open cluster
a small group of stars that is located along the spiral disk…
10 terms
Earth Science Terms
chemical weathering
continental drift
converted
cycle
process in which minerals and rocks are broken down into new…
theory that states that the continents move and once formed a…
changed
sequence of events occurring in a predictable pattern that ev…
chemical weathering
process in which minerals and rocks are broken down into new…
continental drift
theory that states that the continents move and once formed a…
18 terms
!Earth Science Unit Terms!
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Ice Wedging
Abrasion
The process by which rock materials are broken down by the ac…
The breakdown of rock into smaller pieces by physical means.…
When water seeps into rock cracks, freezes, then widen the cr…
The grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
Weathering
The process by which rock materials are broken down by the ac…
Mechanical Weathering
The breakdown of rock into smaller pieces by physical means.…
16 terms
Earth Science Terms
weathering
erosion
deposition (deltas and sand dunes)
earthquakes
rocks and soil are worn down
when the tiny pieces of rock that is worn down from weatherin…
when these tiny rocks/materials stop moving and build up some…
caused by the moving of fault lines; both constructive (make…
weathering
rocks and soil are worn down
erosion
when the tiny pieces of rock that is worn down from weatherin…
36 terms
Earth Science
soil
humus
horizon
soil profile
a mixture of weathered rock, humus, mineral fragments, water,…
rich, dark organic material formed by the decay of plant and…
each different layer of soil
all the vertical layers or horizons that make up a soil in a…
soil
a mixture of weathered rock, humus, mineral fragments, water,…
humus
rich, dark organic material formed by the decay of plant and…
79 terms
Earth Science Terms
Earth Science
5 branches of Earth Science
Geology
3 sub branches of Geology
The study of the Earth and the universe surrounding it
Geology, Oceanography, Meteorology, Astronomy, Environmental…
Study of the solid earth
Seismology, Volcanology, Paleontology
Earth Science
The study of the Earth and the universe surrounding it
5 branches of Earth Science
Geology, Oceanography, Meteorology, Astronomy, Environmental…
104 terms
Earth Science Terms
Earth science
Crust
Lithosphere
Atmosphere
Study of Earth and space, including rocks, fossils, climate,…
Earth's outermost layer.
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet, such as Earth.
Earth science
Study of Earth and space, including rocks, fossils, climate,…
Crust
Earth's outermost layer.
11 terms
Earth Science
volcano
magma
lava
tectonic plate
A mountain that forms when magma reaches the surface.
Molten rock under the earth's surface
When magma reaches the surface
Large movable plates under the Earth's surface.
volcano
A mountain that forms when magma reaches the surface.
magma
Molten rock under the earth's surface
19 terms
Ch 17 TermsEarth Science
ozone
thermosphere
spring equinox
convection
a molecule of oxygen containing three oxygen atoms.
a region of the atmosphere immediately above the mesosphere a…
The equinox that occurs on March 21 or 22 in the Northern Hem…
the transfer of heat by the movement of a mass or substance,…
ozone
a molecule of oxygen containing three oxygen atoms.
thermosphere
a region of the atmosphere immediately above the mesosphere a…
91 terms
Earth Science Mid-Term
3 conditions must be met in order to p…
3 stages of thunderstorms
2 types of thunderstorms
Thunder storm clouds
moisture lifting stability
cumulus stage, mature stage, dissipation stage
air mass thunderstorm, frontal thunderstorms
Cumulonimbus
3 conditions must be met in order to p…
moisture lifting stability
3 stages of thunderstorms
cumulus stage, mature stage, dissipation stage
54 terms
Earth Science Terms-Not Sure
physical properties
foliated
intrusive
extrusive
the characteristics of a substance that can be observed or me…
term used to describe metamorphic rocks that have grains arra…
a type of igneous rock that generally contains large crystals…
A type of igneous rock that generally contains small crystals…
physical properties
the characteristics of a substance that can be observed or me…
foliated
term used to describe metamorphic rocks that have grains arra…
19 terms
Earth Science Introduction to Earth Science
Energy
The Earth System
Earth's Main Source of Energy
Atmosphere
The ability to do work or cause change.
Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Lithosphere, Biosphere and the Sun.
The gases that surround the planet.
Energy
The ability to do work or cause change.
The Earth System
Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Lithosphere, Biosphere and the Sun.
107 terms
Earth Science Terms I
Latitude
Longitude
Contour Interval
Matter
Horizontal
Vertical
the difference in elevation between 2 consecutive contour lines
anything with mass and volume, made of elements
Latitude
Horizontal
Longitude
Vertical
39 terms
Earth Science Review Terms
coordinate system
rotation
revolution
conduction
latitude and longitude
spinning on axis, 15 degrees per hour, causing day and night
orbit around sun, causing seasons
heat transfer through solids
coordinate system
latitude and longitude
rotation
spinning on axis, 15 degrees per hour, causing day and night
32 terms
Earth Science
nonrenewable resources
renewable resources
inexhaustible resources
natural resources
resources that nature cannot replace in our lifetime (example…
natural resources that can be renewed or replaced by nature,…
resources that will never run out such as the Sun, wind, and…
any of the useful minerals and other materials that people ta…
nonrenewable resources
resources that nature cannot replace in our lifetime (example…
renewable resources
natural resources that can be renewed or replaced by nature,…
24 terms
Earth Science terms
non renewable
renewable resource
natural resource
weathering
a natural resouce that takes a long time to replace
a natural resouce that can be replaced easily
something found in the Earth that was created naturally
the breaking down of rocks
non renewable
a natural resouce that takes a long time to replace
renewable resource
a natural resouce that can be replaced easily
26 terms
Earth Science Mid-Term Review (Short Version)
Color
igneous
Metamorphic Rocks
Cleavage
Mineral Property that can not be used alone to determine iden…
Rocks that form from volcanic activity
Occasionally have banded and foliated minerals
Mineral property that results in cracking along flat faces
Color
Mineral Property that can not be used alone to determine iden…
igneous
Rocks that form from volcanic activity
8 terms
Earth Science 1.1 Terms
atmosphere
biosphere
constructive force
destructive force
the Earth's outermost layer composed of a relatively thin env…
all living organisms on Earth
forces that build up or shape the Earth's surface
forces that wear away or destroy landmasses
atmosphere
the Earth's outermost layer composed of a relatively thin env…
biosphere
all living organisms on Earth
14 terms
Earth Science Terms
Catastrophic event
Erosion
Fossil
Geologic
A sudden, quick, widespread, violent natural or man-made disa…
Movement of sediment from one place to another
Preserved remains, imprints or traces of an organism
Relating to geology
Catastrophic event
A sudden, quick, widespread, violent natural or man-made disa…
Erosion
Movement of sediment from one place to another
81 terms
Earth and Space Science Terms
CRUST
CONTINENTAL CRUST
OCEANIC CRUST
MANTLE
earth's outermost layer.
the lighter, older, and thicker part of earths crust which ma…
the rock that makes up the ocean floor
the layer of earth beneath the crust
CRUST
earth's outermost layer.
CONTINENTAL CRUST
the lighter, older, and thicker part of earths crust which ma…
6 terms
Earth Science terms
Oblate sphere
Circumference
Diameter
Equatorial Diameter
A spheroid that is flat, or slightly flat at its poles.
The circumference of a circle is the distance around it.
A line through the center of a figure, often times a circle.
The distance through the middle of the Earth. Earth's equator…
Oblate sphere
A spheroid that is flat, or slightly flat at its poles.
Circumference
The circumference of a circle is the distance around it.
61 terms
ES Earth Science Terms 5th Grade
Natural Resources
Renewable Resources
Nonrenewable Resources
Inexhaustible Resources
Earth materials in the environment that are useful to people
Resources that nature can produce again and again in a relati…
Resources that nature cannot replace quickly enough to meet p…
Resources that can never be used up or are abundant
Natural Resources
Earth materials in the environment that are useful to people
Renewable Resources
Resources that nature can produce again and again in a relati…
Earth Science: Earth Layers & Waves
Seismic Wave
Reflection
Seismograph
Mantle
a wave of energy that travels through the Earth and away from…
The bouncing back of a wave when it hits a surface through wh…
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground and deter…
the layer of rock between the Earth's crust and core
Seismic Wave
a wave of energy that travels through the Earth and away from…
Reflection
The bouncing back of a wave when it hits a surface through wh…
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 1
Hypothesis
Scientific Methods
Science
Earth Science
...
...
...
Hypothesis
Scientific Methods
...
11 terms
Earth Science
Weathering
Erosion
Deposition
Deltas
the breaking down of large rocks into smaller rocks(sediment)
the movement of small rocks and sediment
the depositing of small rocks and sediments.
Landforms created at the mouth of river where it meets anothe…
Weathering
the breaking down of large rocks into smaller rocks(sediment)
Erosion
the movement of small rocks and sediment
10 terms
Science Earth Terms
Lithosphere
Asthenosphere
Convergent Boundary
Divergent Boundary
The lithosphere is the solid outer part of the earth that inc…
The asthenosphere is a weaker part of earths upper mantle bel…
Convergent Boundary occurs when 2 or more plates move towards…
Divergent boundaries are where 2 plates are diverging or pull…
Lithosphere
The lithosphere is the solid outer part of the earth that inc…
Asthenosphere
The asthenosphere is a weaker part of earths upper mantle bel…
19 terms
Earth Science Introduction to Earth Science
Energy
The Earth System
Earth's Main Source of Energy
Atmosphere
The ability to do work or cause change.
Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Lithosphere, Biosphere and the Sun.
The gases that surround the planet.
Energy
The ability to do work or cause change.
The Earth System
Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Lithosphere, Biosphere and the Sun.
23 terms
Earth and Environmental Science terms
Igneous
Melting and Cooling
Intrusive Igneous
Extrusive Igneous
having solidified from lava or magma
the process that turns any rock into magma or to become less…
magma that solidifies while still inside of the Earth's crust…
when magma explodes or flows to the surface of the earth and…
Igneous
having solidified from lava or magma
Melting and Cooling
the process that turns any rock into magma or to become less…
52 terms
Science Terms: Earth Science
Temperature
Heat
Thermal Energy
Conduction
The average of the kinetic energy of the particles of a subst…
The amount of thermal energy that transfers from an area of h…
Total energy of all particles
the transfer of heat energy by direct contact
Temperature
The average of the kinetic energy of the particles of a subst…
Heat
The amount of thermal energy that transfers from an area of h…
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