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Study sets matching "term science earth environmental guide"

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Study sets matching "term science earth environmental guide"

23 terms
Earth and Environmental Science terms
Igneous
Melting and Cooling
Intrusive Igneous
Extrusive Igneous
having solidified from lava or magma
the process that turns any rock into magma or to become less…
magma that solidifies while still inside of the Earth's crust…
when magma explodes or flows to the surface of the earth and…
Igneous
having solidified from lava or magma
Melting and Cooling
the process that turns any rock into magma or to become less…
44 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Terms: Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
Hydrosphere
Basin
Geosphere
Layer of gases surrounding a planet
The water on the earth's surface
A natural depression in the surface of the land often with a…
The solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
Atmosphere
Layer of gases surrounding a planet
Hydrosphere
The water on the earth's surface
16 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Terms: Soil
Soil
Soil profile
Soil (texture) triangle
Soil horizon
A mix of organic material, to which plant life grows
A section of the soil from the surface down to where the soil…
A chart that gives names to match different of sand, silt, an…
A soil horizon is a layer generally lined up with the soil su…
Soil
A mix of organic material, to which plant life grows
Soil profile
A section of the soil from the surface down to where the soil…
13 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Terms
fossil fuels
renewable resource
non-renewable resource
nuclear fission
a natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed in the geological…
an organic natural resource which can replenish to overcome u…
A resource of economic value that cannot be readily replaced…
a nuclear reaction in which a heavy nucleus splits spontaneou…
fossil fuels
a natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed in the geological…
renewable resource
an organic natural resource which can replenish to overcome u…
24 terms
Earth and Environmental Science- Quiz Guide
River Basin Vs. Watershed
Importance of Watersheds and River Bas…
Aquifer
Unconfined Aquifer
-both is an area of land that drains all streams and rainfall…
-Watershed consists of surface water- lakes, streams, reservo…
-The area underground permeable layers where most groundwater…
-Water-table aquifers are unconfined, unprotected, and easily…
River Basin Vs. Watershed
-both is an area of land that drains all streams and rainfall…
Importance of Watersheds and River Bas…
-Watershed consists of surface water- lakes, streams, reservo…
36 terms
Earth & Environmental Science Terms: Fuels
Coal
Fossil Fuels
Hydroeletric
Geothermal Energy
A black or dark brown rock that consists of plants matter, an…
A natural type of fuel, formed by remains of living organisims
The creation of power using flowing water
Thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth
Coal
A black or dark brown rock that consists of plants matter, an…
Fossil Fuels
A natural type of fuel, formed by remains of living organisims
33 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Study Guide
rotation
precession
What causes precession?
nutation
the spinning of the Earth on its axis... 1 rotation=24 hours=sol…
~change in the orientation of the rotational axis of a rotati…
Earth's equatorial bulge created by inertia force of Earth's…
~a periodic variation in the inclination of the axis of a rot…
rotation
the spinning of the Earth on its axis... 1 rotation=24 hours=sol…
precession
~change in the orientation of the rotational axis of a rotati…
11 terms
Earth Environmental Science Terms
Surface Current
Density Current
Density
Infiltration
A horizontal movement of ocean water that is caused by wind a…
Forms when more dense seawater sinks beneath less dense seawa…
Mass divided by volume
Flow of water from the land surface into the subsurface.
Surface Current
A horizontal movement of ocean water that is caused by wind a…
Density Current
Forms when more dense seawater sinks beneath less dense seawa…
26 terms
Earth and Environmental Science: volcanoes
composite volcano
composite volcano
cinder cone volcano
cinder cone volcano
a tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternat…
A small, steeply sloped volcano that forms from moderately ex…
composite volcano
composite volcano
a tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternat…
110 terms
Mid-Term Review Earth and Environmental Science
solar system
galaxy
universe
precession
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
large group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity;…
all matter and energy that exists in space
a slow motion of Earth's axis that traces out a cone over a p…
solar system
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
galaxy
large group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity;…
8 terms
Earth and Environmental Science
Thrust fault
Normal fault
Transform fault
Compression forces
...
...
Thrust fault
Normal fault
12 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Study Guide
Nuclear Energy
Photosphere
Sunspots
Corona
The process by which the sun obtains its energy.
The surface of the sun.
Dark, cooler spots appearing on the sun's surface.
Outermost layer of gases around the sun. Only seen during a s…
Nuclear Energy
The process by which the sun obtains its energy.
Photosphere
The surface of the sun.
90 terms
Environmental Earth Science Study Guide
What is a rock?
How are rocks classified?
How are igneous rocks classified?
How do igneous rocks form?
Made up of minerals
Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Igneous
Intrusive, Extrusive
Intrusive- inside earth, large crystals(slow cooling)... Extrusi…
What is a rock?
Made up of minerals
How are rocks classified?
Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Igneous
58 terms
Earth & Environmental Science Final exam study guide
felsic
mafic
ultramafic
kimberlite
light colored, high in silica
lower silica content
very low in silica
minerals found in ultramafic rocks. ex: diamond
felsic
light colored, high in silica
mafic
lower silica content
60 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Exam 3 Study Guide
What is permafrost?
What is the zone of aeration?
What is the zone of saturation?
What is the spring tide?
The permeant layer of frozen ground
Topmost band. Its a mixture of solids, water, and air. Its pa…
Second band of the aquifer in which all the pores are saturat…
A time of maximum tide. It occurs as a result of the alignmen…
What is permafrost?
The permeant layer of frozen ground
What is the zone of aeration?
Topmost band. Its a mixture of solids, water, and air. Its pa…
25 terms
Earth Environmental Science Study Guide
what does the theory of plate tectonic…
What is seafloor spreading, what does…
Explain Subduction, which plate will b…
Oceanic Boundaries
The earths outer shell consists of individual plates that int…
The seafloor is elevated along divergent boundaries, ocean ri…
Seafloor is eroded beneath the plate, continental- continenta…
oceanic slabs converge
what does the theory of plate tectonic…
The earths outer shell consists of individual plates that int…
What is seafloor spreading, what does…
The seafloor is elevated along divergent boundaries, ocean ri…
24 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Study Guide
Convergent, Oceanic-Oceanic
Convergent, Oceanic-Continental
Convergent, Continental-Continental
Divergent, Oceanic-Oceanic
pushes together, forms island arcs and trenches
pushes together, forms volcanic mountain ranges and trenches
pushes together, forms a folded mountain range
moves away, forms an oceanic ridge
Convergent, Oceanic-Oceanic
pushes together, forms island arcs and trenches
Convergent, Oceanic-Continental
pushes together, forms volcanic mountain ranges and trenches
101 terms
Study Guide 9th grade Earth and Environmental Science
Weathering
Erosion
Mechanical Weathering
Temperature
The breaking down of particles
Moving the weathered particles
Physical Weathering with no damage to the rock's composition…
Water collects in cracks. It expands and creates pressure, cr…
Weathering
The breaking down of particles
Erosion
Moving the weathered particles
119 terms
Final exam Earth and Environmental Science Study Guide
What is the difference between a conto…
What is the difference between a prece…
What is the difference between Revolut…
What is the difference between fusion…
Contour lines indicate ground elevation and a contour interva…
Nutation is the rocking back and forth on earth's axis while…
A revolution is how long the earth rotates once around the su…
Fission is the splitting of heavy unstable nuclei and fusion…
What is the difference between a conto…
Contour lines indicate ground elevation and a contour interva…
What is the difference between a prece…
Nutation is the rocking back and forth on earth's axis while…
28 terms
Earth & Environmental Science: Unit 4 Study Guide
The Phases of the Moon
What causes our seasons?
Draw a Lunar Eclipse:
Draw a Solar Eclipse:
1. New Moon... 2. Waxing Crescent... 3. First Quarter... 4. Waxing Gib…
-Seasonal changes due to tilt and revolution... -Caused because…
-the moon passes through the Earth's shadow... -can happen only…
-The moon passes directly between the sun and the Earth.... -Umb…
The Phases of the Moon
1. New Moon... 2. Waxing Crescent... 3. First Quarter... 4. Waxing Gib…
What causes our seasons?
-Seasonal changes due to tilt and revolution... -Caused because…
97 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Final Exam Study Guide
What does the geocentric model of the…
What is the theory that the solar syst…
At what point is the Earth Closest to…
What are the Jovian Planets vs Terrest…
Earth is in the center
Nebular Theory or the Dust Cloud Theory
January, called Perihelion
The terrestrial planets- mercury, venus, earth, and mars - on…
What does the geocentric model of the…
Earth is in the center
What is the theory that the solar syst…
Nebular Theory or the Dust Cloud Theory
292 terms
Earth Environmental Science - Final Study Guide
corrosive
carcinogen
flammable
toxic
eating away gradually, acidlike
A cancer-causing substance
Able to catch fire easily
poisonous
corrosive
eating away gradually, acidlike
carcinogen
A cancer-causing substance
183 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Glossary
Kepler's first law
Kepler's second law
Kepler's third law
precession
The path of the planets about the sun is elliptical in shape,…
An imaginary line drawn from the center of the sun to the cen…
The ratio of the squares of the periods of any two planets is…
change in direction of the axis, but without any change in ti…
Kepler's first law
The path of the planets about the sun is elliptical in shape,…
Kepler's second law
An imaginary line drawn from the center of the sun to the cen…
14 terms
Environmental Earth Science Beginning Terms
Succession
Species
Habitat
Habitat Fragmentation
A somewhat predictable series pf changes overtime in a commun…
A group of individuals that interbred and produce fertile off…
The specific environment in which an organism lives.
The division of a habitat into smaller patches.
Succession
A somewhat predictable series pf changes overtime in a commun…
Species
A group of individuals that interbred and produce fertile off…
205 terms
Final Review: Earth/Environmental Science
solar system
galaxy
universe
precession
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
large group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity;…
all matter and energy that exists in space
a slow motion of Earth's axis that traces out a cone over a p…
solar system
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
galaxy
large group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity;…
11 terms
Earth and Environmental Science mid term
5 characteristics of a mineral
What classifies a sedimentary rock?
What classifies an Igneous rock?
What classifies a metamorphic rock?
.naturally occurring... .A solid at room temperature... .Has a fixe…
Clastic, bioclastic, crystalline.
Intrusive (magma) or Extrusive (lava). ... Speed of cooling.
Foliated (visible banding.)... Non-foliated (non visible banding.)
5 characteristics of a mineral
.naturally occurring... .A solid at room temperature... .Has a fixe…
What classifies a sedimentary rock?
Clastic, bioclastic, crystalline.
44 terms
Earth/Environmental Science -- Air
Pressure gradient
cT
Cold Front
Warm Front
a change in pressure over a given distance
symbol for a continental tropical air mass
the boundary of an advancing cold air mass, characterized by…
the boundary of an advancing warm air mass, characterized by…
Pressure gradient
a change in pressure over a given distance
cT
symbol for a continental tropical air mass
40 terms
Earth/Environmental Science Plate Tectonics Study Guide
Focus
Epicenter
Fault
Elastic Rebound
Point within The Earth where an earthquake starts.
Location on surface directly above the Focus.
a fracture in Earth where plate movement has occured
The springing back of a rock to its original position
Focus
Point within The Earth where an earthquake starts.
Epicenter
Location on surface directly above the Focus.
27 terms
Earth and Environmental Science terms 9
mole-
mono-
mont-
mort-
mass
one, single
mountain
death
mole-
mass
mono-
one, single
26 terms
Earth and Environmental Science terms 8
less
leuc-
lign-
lin-
without
white
wood
line
less
without
leuc-
white
27 terms
Earth and Environmental Science terms 5
en-
en-
encephal-
end-, ent-
in, into
made of
brain
within, in
en-
in, into
en-
made of
48 terms
Earth/Environmental Science Rock Study Guide
A hard substance composed of one or mo…
Some _____ are mainly composed of just…
Other rocks contain many ________
About __% of the rocks on earth are ig…
Rock
Rocks
Minerals
95
A hard substance composed of one or mo…
Rock
Some _____ are mainly composed of just…
Rocks
35 terms
Earth/Environmental Science Minerals Study Guide
A _______ is a naturally occurring, in…
NOT formed from living or the remains…
A ______ is a solid in which the atoms…
About ____ different kinds of minerals…
Mineral
Inorganic
Crystal
3000
A _______ is a naturally occurring, in…
Mineral
NOT formed from living or the remains…
Inorganic
40 terms
Earth and Environmental Science - Water
Precipitation
evaporation
condensation
transpiration
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
The change of a liquid to a gas; the sun heats energy up and…
Gas to Liquid; gas gets colder and changes back to liquid , f…
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant gives of puri…
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
evaporation
The change of a liquid to a gas; the sun heats energy up and…
23 terms
Earth/Environmental Science Climate and Biomes Study Guide
Radiation
Conduction
Convection
Convection
The transfer of energy through space by visible light (ex. Sun)
The transfer of energy that occurs when molecules collide (ex…
The transfer of energy by the flow of a heated substance (ex.…
Which heat transfer do winds use to distribute heat globally?
Radiation
The transfer of energy through space by visible light (ex. Sun)
Conduction
The transfer of energy that occurs when molecules collide (ex…
40 terms
Earth/Environmental Science Plate Tectonics Study Guide
Focus
Epicenter
Fault
Elastic Rebound
Point within The Earth where an earthquake starts.
Location on surface directly above the Focus.
a fracture in Earth where plate movement has occured
The springing back of a rock to its original position
Focus
Point within The Earth where an earthquake starts.
Epicenter
Location on surface directly above the Focus.
58 terms
Earth & Environmental Science Final exam study guide
felsic
mafic
ultramafic
kimberlite
light colored, high in silica
lower silica content
very low in silica
minerals found in ultramafic rocks. ex: diamond
felsic
light colored, high in silica
mafic
lower silica content
91 terms
Environmental Earth Sciences Mid-term
Entisols
Histosols
Andisols
Gelisols
Little or no evidence of pedogenic horizon development.... Occur…
High organic matter content and no permafrost. Typically satu…
Form from weathering that produce minerals with little crysta…
Permafrost near the surface and/or have evidence of cryoturba…
Entisols
Little or no evidence of pedogenic horizon development.... Occur…
Histosols
High organic matter content and no permafrost. Typically satu…
108 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Honours Study Guide
Name the gases in the atmosphere from…
What is the greenhouse effect and expl…
Explain what conduction, convection an…
Name the layers of the atmosphere and…
Nitrogen 78%, Oxygen 21%, Argon 0.93%, Carbon Dioxide 0.03%,…
The greenhouse effect is the NATURAL heating of the Earth's s…
Conduction- the movement of heat or electricity through somet…
Troposphere- most weather and pollutants are here... Stratospher…
Name the gases in the atmosphere from…
Nitrogen 78%, Oxygen 21%, Argon 0.93%, Carbon Dioxide 0.03%,…
What is the greenhouse effect and expl…
The greenhouse effect is the NATURAL heating of the Earth's s…
24 terms
Mid term Earth/Environmental science
four spheres of earth science
weight
mass
density
Geology, meteorology, astronomy, oceanography
force of gravity
how much matter an objet has
how tightly packed an objects particles are
four spheres of earth science
Geology, meteorology, astronomy, oceanography
weight
force of gravity
77 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Exam 3: Vocabulary and Terms
amphibolite
blueschist
burial metamorphism
contact metamorphism
a usually granoblastic rock made up mainly of amphibole and p…
a metamorphic rock formed under high pressures and moderate t…
low-grade metamorphism in which buried sedimentary rocks are…
metamorphism resulting from heat and pressure in a small area…
amphibolite
a usually granoblastic rock made up mainly of amphibole and p…
blueschist
a metamorphic rock formed under high pressures and moderate t…
95 terms
Earth And Environmental Science FINAL Study Guide
What is hydrolysis?
What is exfoliation?
What is denudation?
What is talus?
Chemical union of water with another substance to produce a n…
Weathering process in which curved layers peel off bedrock in…
The total effect of all actions (weathering, mass wasting, an…
Pieces of weathered rock, of various sizes, that fall directl…
What is hydrolysis?
Chemical union of water with another substance to produce a n…
What is exfoliation?
Weathering process in which curved layers peel off bedrock in…
6 terms
Earth/Environmental Science Unit 1 Set 2
Elliptical
Kepler's third law
Kepler's second law
Kepler's first law
oval; containing an ellipsis;
Another name for The Law of Harmonies; ... The ratio of the squa…
planets speed up as they come near the sun
All objects in the solar system orbit the sun in elliptical p…
Elliptical
oval; containing an ellipsis;
Kepler's third law
Another name for The Law of Harmonies; ... The ratio of the squa…
31 terms
Chapter 12 study guide Earth and Environmental science
Meteorology
Atmosphere
Climate
Air mass
is the study of Atmospheric phenomena
is weathers current state
long-term variations in weather for a particular area
A large parcel of air that takes on the characteristics of th…
Meteorology
is the study of Atmospheric phenomena
Atmosphere
is weathers current state
30 terms
Unit 4 Earth Environmental Science - Meteorology
Summer Solstice
Winter Solstice
Autumnal Equinox
Spring Equinox
June 21, ... Day with the most hours of sunlight and the fewest…
Earth's position near or on December 21, at which the norther…
The day of the year that marks the beginning of fall in the N…
March 20th or 21st in the Northern Hemisphere, when both hemi…
Summer Solstice
June 21, ... Day with the most hours of sunlight and the fewest…
Winter Solstice
Earth's position near or on December 21, at which the norther…
17 terms
Introduction to Earth and Environmental Science
Lithosphere
Biosphere
Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
All the water at and near the surface of the earth, 97% of wh…
Air.
Lithosphere
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
Biosphere
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
30 terms
Earth And Environmental Science 2.1 Study Guide
Chemical weathering occurs most rapidl…
The pacific crustal plate must be movi…
Seismic waves of an earthquake are mor…
The youngest rocks on the ocean floor…
High temperature and abundant moisture.
North-West
It is directly over the focus, where it starts.
A Mid-Ocean Ridge
Chemical weathering occurs most rapidl…
High temperature and abundant moisture.
The pacific crustal plate must be movi…
North-West
93 terms
Earth/Environmental Science Final Study Guide
What are the four branches of Earth Sc…
What are the similarities and differen…
Why is Earth considered a closed syste…
What are the four spheres of the Earth…
Geology-the study of the origin, history, and structure of th…
Similarity:... Energy can leave and/or enter.... Differences:... Open…
Earth is considered a closed system because only a few things…
Hydrosphere-water... Litho/Geosphere-rock... Atmosphere-air... Biosphe…
What are the four branches of Earth Sc…
Geology-the study of the origin, history, and structure of th…
What are the similarities and differen…
Similarity:... Energy can leave and/or enter.... Differences:... Open…
7 terms
Earth/Environmental Science Unit 1 Set 1
Rotation
Revolution
Precession
Perihelion
The spinning motion of a planet on its axis, (causes day and…
The movement of an object around another object, (1 revolutio…
A slow motion of Earth's axis that traces out a cone over a p…
point in Earth's orbit when it is nearest to the sun; (January)
Rotation
The spinning motion of a planet on its axis, (causes day and…
Revolution
The movement of an object around another object, (1 revolutio…
10 terms
Earth Environmental Science Unit 1 Set 5
Perigee
Apogee
Neap Tide
Spring Tide
point in an orbit that is closest to the earth
the point in an orbit most distant from the body being orbite…
A less than average tide occurring at the first and third qua…
When the tidal range is greatest. (full moon and new moon)
Perigee
point in an orbit that is closest to the earth
Apogee
the point in an orbit most distant from the body being orbite…
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