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Study sets matching "term science on earth"

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Study sets matching "term science on earth"

14 terms
Earth Science Chapter One Vocabulary
Nebular Hypothesis
Earth Science
Big Bang Theory
Solar system
An idea that suggests that our solar system formed from an en…
The name for a group of sciences (geology, oceanography, mete…
This theory explains how, about 13.7 billion years, ago, our…
The Solar System comprises the Sun and its planetary system o…
Nebular Hypothesis
An idea that suggests that our solar system formed from an en…
Earth Science
The name for a group of sciences (geology, oceanography, mete…
43 terms
Earth & Space Science Terms
air mass
black hole
continental shelf
continental slope
a large body of air with certain temperature and moisture
an infinite warp in space with gravity strong enough to trap…
the nearly flat area of the ocean bottom where the ocean meet…
the sloping area that extends from the edge of the continenta…
air mass
a large body of air with certain temperature and moisture
black hole
an infinite warp in space with gravity strong enough to trap…
22 terms
Earth Science: Showing Earth on Maps
People who make maps are called ______…
A map is flat. How can you copy the su…
A______________ ________________ shows…
An _______________ ______________ prod…
cartographers
projections
Mercator projection
equal-area projection
People who make maps are called ______…
cartographers
A map is flat. How can you copy the su…
projections
23 terms
Earth Science unit one: Earth
What is science?
What is geology?
What is oceanography?
What is meteorology?
the understanding of natural phenomena
the study of materials that make up the Earth and give clues…
the study of properties and creatures of the ocean
the study of the atmosphere
What is science?
the understanding of natural phenomena
What is geology?
the study of materials that make up the Earth and give clues…
17 terms
Earth Science - Lecture One
A map projection composed of horizonta…
T/F: Longitude is the arc of a meridia…
T/F: The most common gas in the atmosp…
Solar noon occurs simultaneously:... Sele…
a. Mercator projection
False
False
b. at places with the same longitude
A map projection composed of horizonta…
a. Mercator projection
T/F: Longitude is the arc of a meridia…
False
45 terms
Earth Science Chapter One
Creation Mandate
worldview
presupposition
model
God's command in Genesis 1:28 to manage the earth wisely, and…
An overall perspective that we use to see the world.
Ideas that are not proven to be true but we assume to be true
A physical, verbal, or mathematical structure that attempts t…
Creation Mandate
God's command in Genesis 1:28 to manage the earth wisely, and…
worldview
An overall perspective that we use to see the world.
11 terms
Earth Science Test One
Plains
Coastal Plains
Interior Plains
Plateaus
large, flat areas of land
This land-form is sometimes called "lowland"... because they are…
This land-form is sometimes referred to as "The Great Plains"…
Flat, raised areas of land made up of nearly horizontal ... rock…
Plains
large, flat areas of land
Coastal Plains
This land-form is sometimes called "lowland"... because they are…
170 terms
Earth science semester one
Geology
Oceanography
Meteorology
Astronomy
Study of origin, history, processes, and structure of the sol…
Study of earths oceans
Study of earths atmosphere
Study of the universe beyond earth
Geology
Study of origin, history, processes, and structure of the sol…
Oceanography
Study of earths oceans
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter one
Science
Observing
Inferring
Predicting
The study of the nautural world
To use one or more of your senses to gather information
When you explain or interpret things
To make a forecast of what will happen the future based on a…
Science
The study of the nautural world
Observing
To use one or more of your senses to gather information
11 terms
Earth Science Unit One
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Conclusion
Summarize
The process scientist use to explore the world.
An educated guess. A testable, temporary prediction about how…
The "aha" moment. The decision or realization based on the fa…
Written conclusion.
Scientific Method
The process scientist use to explore the world.
Hypothesis
An educated guess. A testable, temporary prediction about how…
55 terms
Earth Science Test One
Spheres
Lithosphere
Hydrosphere
Biosphere
Lithosphere, Hydrosphere, Biosphere, Atmosphere
Solid Earth
All water found on, under, and over Earth
All life on Earth
Spheres
Lithosphere, Hydrosphere, Biosphere, Atmosphere
Lithosphere
Solid Earth
11 terms
Science Chapter 7, Slow Changes on Earth
Erosion
Glacier
Weathering
Bay
The movement of rock material from one place to another.
A large mass of slow-moving ice.
The slow wearing away of rock into smaller pieces.
A body of water that is partly enclosed by land and has a wid…
Erosion
The movement of rock material from one place to another.
Glacier
A large mass of slow-moving ice.
10 terms
Science; Water on Earth
Watershed
Gradient
Load
Discharge
An ecosystem where all water runoff drains into a single body…
a rate of inclination; a slope
Any materials carried by a stream.
An outflow of water from a stream, pipe, groundwater aquifer,…
Watershed
An ecosystem where all water runoff drains into a single body…
Gradient
a rate of inclination; a slope
25 terms
unit one earth science
Accuracy
Precision
Lithosphere
Atmosphere
A description of how close a measurement is to the true value…
How close a series of measurements are to one another
Outermost layer of the Earth. Composed of the crust and the u…
Gaseous layer of Earth. Most abundant gas is nitrogen. protec…
Accuracy
A description of how close a measurement is to the true value…
Precision
How close a series of measurements are to one another
9 terms
Science Chapter 7 Water on Earth
salinity
aquifer
water table
reservoir
a measure of how salty water is
layer of rock and soil that hold the groundwater
top level of groundwater in an aquifer
artificial lake that forms behind a dam
salinity
a measure of how salty water is
aquifer
layer of rock and soil that hold the groundwater
9 terms
Earth Science Unit One
Conduction
Convection
Radiation
Example of Conduction
Heat transfer to other substances through DIRECT CONTACT
Heat transfer by the movement of a heated fluid (Liquid or ga…
NO direct contact between the heat source and an object.
Touching a hot pan
Conduction
Heat transfer to other substances through DIRECT CONTACT
Convection
Heat transfer by the movement of a heated fluid (Liquid or ga…
348 terms
Earth Science/Trimester One
Geology
Physical geology
Historical geology, physical and biolo…
Oceanography
Study of earth
Materials and processes that make up the earth
Apply chronology to events in Earths past, examines the______…
Study of oceans
Geology
Study of earth
Physical geology
Materials and processes that make up the earth
10 terms
8th Grade Science--Earth Science Terms
chemical weathering
continental drift
converted
cycle
process in which minerals and rocks are broken down into new…
theory that states that the continents move and once formed a…
changed
sequence of events occurring in a predictable pattern that ev…
chemical weathering
process in which minerals and rocks are broken down into new…
continental drift
theory that states that the continents move and once formed a…
8 terms
Earth science study part one
Universe
Galaxy
Nebulae
Solar system
everything that exists.
a large collection of stars,solar system and nebulae.
a large cloud of dust and gas in the space.
a star(or stars) and all all the thing that are orbiting it
Universe
everything that exists.
Galaxy
a large collection of stars,solar system and nebulae.
18 terms
Science 6-water on earth
water cycle
precipitation
groundwater
tributaries
The continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surf…
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil an…
smaller streams and rivers that flow into a main river
water cycle
The continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surf…
precipitation
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
12 terms
quiz one earth science
Physical vs. Historical geology
The four spheres of the earth**
A cycle that is part of each sphere
Rock Types and Rock Cycle**
physical geology-branch of geology that is concerned with wha…
"lithosphere" (land), "hydrosphere" (water), "biosphere" (liv…
"lithosphere" (land)- rock cycle... "hydrosphere" (water),- wate…
Metamorphic= heat and pressure ... igneous = magma cooling... sedim…
Physical vs. Historical geology
physical geology-branch of geology that is concerned with wha…
The four spheres of the earth**
"lithosphere" (land), "hydrosphere" (water), "biosphere" (liv…
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter One
Earth Science
Geology
Oceanography
Meteorology
The study of the earth and the universe around it.
The study of the origin, structure, and history of the solid…
The study of earth's oceans.
The study of the atmosphere in which weather is found.
Earth Science
The study of the earth and the universe around it.
Geology
The study of the origin, structure, and history of the solid…
26 terms
earth science one
eastern hemisphere
equator
hemisphere
northern hemisphere
the hemisphere East of the Prime Meridian
the line that falls at 0 degrees
half of a sphere
The hemisphere North of the equator
eastern hemisphere
the hemisphere East of the Prime Meridian
equator
the line that falls at 0 degrees
34 terms
Water on earth: Science
Evaporation
Condensation
Precipitation
List four forms of precipitation
Produces water vapor from,bodies of water
Form clouds from water vapor
Results in water falling to Earth's surface
1. oceans... 2. Ice... 3. Rivers+lakes ... 4. Groundwater
Evaporation
Produces water vapor from,bodies of water
Condensation
Form clouds from water vapor
11 terms
Earth Science - Lesson One/Two
Landform
topography
sand dune
Constructive Force
a natural land shape or feature
this describes the surface landforms of an area
a hill of sand, made and shaped by wind
a force that causes the land to form into something new, a fo…
Landform
a natural land shape or feature
topography
this describes the surface landforms of an area
35 terms
Earth Science Chapter one
Celsius
Hypothesis
Oceanology
Mass
Temperature scale used in science
Possible answer to a question
Stud of oceans
amount of matter in an object
Celsius
Temperature scale used in science
Hypothesis
Possible answer to a question
19 terms
Science, Ch 5: Water on Earth
OCEANS
SALT IS CARRIED IN BY RIVERS
AMOUNT OF FRESH WATER IS LIMITED, FOUN…
THE SUN
Where is most of Earth's water?
Where does the salt from oceans come from?
What do you know about fresh water on Earth?
What provides the energy for the water cycle?
OCEANS
Where is most of Earth's water?
SALT IS CARRIED IN BY RIVERS
Where does the salt from oceans come from?
11 terms
Science 7: The History of Life on Earth
fossil
fossil record
relative dating
absolute dating
the remains or imprints of dead organisms found in rock layers
evidence about the order in which species have existed throug…
method of determining the age of a fossil by comparing its pl…
a technique used to estimate the age of a fossil based on the…
fossil
the remains or imprints of dead organisms found in rock layers
fossil record
evidence about the order in which species have existed throug…
35 terms
Earth Science Unit One
The inner planets - Mercury, Venus, Ea…
The outer planets - Jupiter, Saturn, U…
In Figure 1-1, what layer of earth's a…
What are the three main parts of the g…
Repeated collisions of asteroid-sized debris.
water, carbon dioxide, ammonia, and methane
Crust
Crust, mantle, core
The inner planets - Mercury, Venus, Ea…
Repeated collisions of asteroid-sized debris.
The outer planets - Jupiter, Saturn, U…
water, carbon dioxide, ammonia, and methane
19 terms
Earth Science Voc. One
Core
Contour Intervals
Contour Lines
Crust
earth's center which is made up of an outer and inner zone
The elevation difference between two adjacent contour lines.
A line on a topographic map that connects points of equal ele…
The outermost rock layer of Earth, which contains all of Eart…
Core
earth's center which is made up of an outer and inner zone
Contour Intervals
The elevation difference between two adjacent contour lines.
20 terms
Science Test on Earth
Tectonic Plates
Alfred Wegener
Pangaea
Major evidence that wegener was missing
•large slabs of lithosphere ... •continental/oceanic... •Sits on to…
His hypothesis about the continents drifting to their present…
When continents were all joined as a single landmass
he didn't know HOW the plates were moving
Tectonic Plates
•large slabs of lithosphere ... •continental/oceanic... •Sits on to…
Alfred Wegener
His hypothesis about the continents drifting to their present…
20 terms
Science Test on Earth
Tectonic Plates
Alfred Wegener
Pangaea
Major evidence that wegener was missing
•large slabs of lithosphere ... •continental/oceanic... •Sits on to…
His hypothesis about the continents drifting to their present…
When continents were all joined as a single landmass
he didn't know HOW the plates were moving
Tectonic Plates
•large slabs of lithosphere ... •continental/oceanic... •Sits on to…
Alfred Wegener
His hypothesis about the continents drifting to their present…
20 terms
Science Test on Earth
Tectonic Plates
Alfred Wegener
Pangaea
Major evidence that wegener was missing
•large slabs of lithosphere ... •continental/oceanic... •Sits on to…
His hypothesis about the continents drifting to their present…
When continents were all joined as a single landmass
he didn't know HOW the plates were moving
Tectonic Plates
•large slabs of lithosphere ... •continental/oceanic... •Sits on to…
Alfred Wegener
His hypothesis about the continents drifting to their present…
24 terms
Earth Science Test One
If minerals cool quickly in magma cham…
If minerals cool slowly in magma chamb…
how many known minerals are there?
Major Rock Forming Elements
smaller
larger
4000
O, Si, Fe, Al,Ca,Na, K, and Mg
If minerals cool quickly in magma cham…
smaller
If minerals cool slowly in magma chamb…
larger
30 terms
Earth science chapter one 32 term study guide
Astronomy
Geology
meteorology
Oceanography
the science that deals with the material universe beyond the…
the science dealing with the atmosphere and its phenomena, in…
the science dealing with the atmosphere and its phenomena, in…
the branch of physical geography dealing with the ocean.
Astronomy
the science that deals with the material universe beyond the…
Geology
the science dealing with the atmosphere and its phenomena, in…
20 terms
science test on the earth
The celestial sphere
the atmosphere
The hydrosphere
The lithosphere
an imaginary sphere that includes all of the objects in the s…
The thin shell of gas that surrounds the earth where all of o…
the liquid thin layer of water resting on the solid part of t…
Thin solid layer of rock that surrounds the entire earth. Ex:…
The celestial sphere
an imaginary sphere that includes all of the objects in the s…
the atmosphere
The thin shell of gas that surrounds the earth where all of o…
10 terms
Earth Science Terms
chemical weathering
continental drift
converted
cycle
process in which minerals and rocks are broken down into new…
theory that states that the continents move and once formed a…
changed
sequence of events occurring in a predictable pattern that ev…
chemical weathering
process in which minerals and rocks are broken down into new…
continental drift
theory that states that the continents move and once formed a…
9 terms
Earth Science Fossils and Early Life on Earth
Fossil
Mold
Cast
Preserved Parts
The remains of a living thing that lived and died millions of…
1. A cavity or opening in a rock that has the shape of once l…
This a mold that has been filled with sediments which harden…
1. These are actual parts of the living thing such as shells,…
Fossil
The remains of a living thing that lived and died millions of…
Mold
1. A cavity or opening in a rock that has the shape of once l…
12 terms
Earth science chapter one
Experiment
Hypothesis
Theory
Scientific law
The scientific testing of an idea
A textative explanation that is tested to determine if it is…
A well-tested and widely accepted view that explains certain…
Results from many scientists repeatedly reaching the same con…
Experiment
The scientific testing of an idea
Hypothesis
A textative explanation that is tested to determine if it is…
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter One
Earth Science
Geology
Oceanography
Meteorology
A name for the group of sciences that deals with Earth.
The science that deals with earths physical structure and his…
A branch of earth science that deals with the physical and bi…
Another branch of earth science concerned with the process an…
Earth Science
A name for the group of sciences that deals with Earth.
Geology
The science that deals with earths physical structure and his…
25 terms
Earth science chapter one
Ancient China
Ancient Greeks
Ancient maya
Earth science
Began keeping earthquake records as early as 780 BCE.
Complied a catalog of rocks and materials around 200 BCE.
Tracked the movements of the sun ,moon, and planets - created…
Study of the earth and the universe around it
Ancient China
Began keeping earthquake records as early as 780 BCE.
Ancient Greeks
Complied a catalog of rocks and materials around 200 BCE.
13 terms
Science - Ch. 5 Water on Earth
sea level
salinity
aquifer
water table
the level of the ocean's surface, differs slightly from ocean…
a measure of the amount of salt in water
the layer of rock and soil that groundwater flows through
the top level of groundwater in an aquifer
sea level
the level of the ocean's surface, differs slightly from ocean…
salinity
a measure of the amount of salt in water
9 terms
Earth Science - Ch. 20: Our Impact on Land
carrying capacity
pollutants
stream discharge
sanitary landfill
Largest number of individuals of a population that a environm…
Harmful substances in the air, water, or soil
volume of water flowing past a point per unit of time
A place to deposit solid waste, where a layer of earth is bul…
carrying capacity
Largest number of individuals of a population that a environm…
pollutants
Harmful substances in the air, water, or soil
16 terms
Earth Science Terms
weathering
erosion
deposition (deltas and sand dunes)
earthquakes
rocks and soil are worn down
when the tiny pieces of rock that is worn down from weatherin…
when these tiny rocks/materials stop moving and build up some…
caused by the moving of fault lines; both constructive (make…
weathering
rocks and soil are worn down
erosion
when the tiny pieces of rock that is worn down from weatherin…
10 terms
First science test, (grade 8) water systems on earth terms
Lothosphere
Atmosphere
Hydrosphere
Hydrologist
The solid rocky ground of the earths crust
The gaseous environment surrounding the earth
All water on earth including that in lithosphere and atmosphere
A person who studies earths water systems and helps to find s…
Lothosphere
The solid rocky ground of the earths crust
Atmosphere
The gaseous environment surrounding the earth
50 terms
Earth Science Unit One
The Scientific Method
Results of Inquiry
Acronym
Question
A method by which scientists experiment which gives us a logi…
It helps us to discover new technologies and materials and fo…
The quick rabbit has eaten all the carrots
(Quick) AKA problem
The Scientific Method
A method by which scientists experiment which gives us a logi…
Results of Inquiry
It helps us to discover new technologies and materials and fo…
33 terms
Earth science chapter one
Matter
Pure substance
Mixture
State of matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Materials made of just one kind of particle examples are gold…
Combination of two or more pure substance says or other mixtu…
Solids liquids and gases
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Pure substance
Materials made of just one kind of particle examples are gold…
8 terms
Nature of Science-Eyes on Earth p.8-11
satellite
meteorologist
anemometer
wind vane
An object that orbits a planet.
A scientist who studies weather
An instrument used to measure wind speed
Instrument used to measure wind direction
satellite
An object that orbits a planet.
meteorologist
A scientist who studies weather
16 terms
Science Quiz - Water on Earth
Water Cycle
Evaporation
Condensation
Transpiration
The continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surf…
liquid water changes to gas called water vapor
Warm air carries the water vapor upward. Air becomes cooler a…
The process by which moisture is carried through plants from…
Water Cycle
The continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surf…
Evaporation
liquid water changes to gas called water vapor
Earth Science Chapter one
Geosphere
Tidal Energy
Solar Energy
Closed System
the rocks, mountains, lithosphere plates and other physical f…
energy created by the gravitational pull of the sun and moon…
Energy emitted by the sun
a system in which energy can enter or leave, but matter cannot
Geosphere
the rocks, mountains, lithosphere plates and other physical f…
Tidal Energy
energy created by the gravitational pull of the sun and moon…
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