Study sets matching "term science sun earth chapter 23"

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Study sets matching "term science sun earth chapter 23"

18 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 23
geocentric
retrograde motion
Ptolemy
heliocentric
"earth centered"
when a planet apperas to stop and then move backwards
person most responsible for developing the geocentric theory
"sun centered"
geocentric
"earth centered"
retrograde motion
when a planet apperas to stop and then move backwards
17 terms
Earth Science- Chapter 23 Vocabulary
causes the Earth to have seasons
Solstice
Equionox
How a solar eclipse happens
the way the Earth is tilted on its axis towards the Sun and w…
the day when the Sun reaches its greatest distance north or s…
Equal number of day/night hours. Occurs when the Sun is direc…
the moon is between the Earth and the Sun, and casts a small…
causes the Earth to have seasons
the way the Earth is tilted on its axis towards the Sun and w…
Solstice
the day when the Sun reaches its greatest distance north or s…
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 23
latent heat
sublimation
dew point
absolute humidity
the heat energy that is absorbed or released by a substance d…
the process in which a solid changes directly into a gas (the…
at constant pressure and water vapor content, the temperature…
the mass of water vapor per unit volume of air that contains…
latent heat
the heat energy that is absorbed or released by a substance d…
sublimation
the process in which a solid changes directly into a gas (the…
16 terms
chapter 23 vocabulary earth science
sphere
axis
rotation
revolution
round three dimensional shape
the imaginary line around which the earth spins
the spinning of the earth's on its axis
earth's yearly orbit around the sun
sphere
round three dimensional shape
axis
the imaginary line around which the earth spins
24 terms
Earth science chapter 23
solar system
planet
geocentric theory
heliocentric theory
the sun and all the planets and other objects its gravity hol…
an astronomical body in our solar system
an ancient model of the solar system that placed the earth at…
a model of the solar system that places the sun at its center…
solar system
the sun and all the planets and other objects its gravity hol…
planet
an astronomical body in our solar system
24 terms
Science 8: Chapter 23 - The Sun-Earth-Moon System
Sphere
Axis
Rotation
Revolution
A round three-dimensional object whose surface is the same di…
Imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth…
Spinning of Earth on its imaginary axis, which takes about 24…
Earth's yearlong elliptical around the Sun
Sphere
A round three-dimensional object whose surface is the same di…
Axis
Imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth…
Earth science chapter 23 vocabulary
sphere
axis
rotation
revolution
A solid shape that is perfectly round like a ball. No faces,…
An imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
The spinning of the Earth on its axis
The movement of an object around another object
sphere
A solid shape that is perfectly round like a ball. No faces,…
axis
An imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
Chapter 23 Earth Science
Jovian Planets
Terrestrial Planets
asteroids
meteoroid
the giant gas planets in the outer atmosphere
the earth-like planets in the innermost atmosphere, closest t…
...
a small, solid particle that travels through space
Jovian Planets
the giant gas planets in the outer atmosphere
Terrestrial Planets
the earth-like planets in the innermost atmosphere, closest t…
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 23
astronomer
catadioptric telescope
constellation
electromagnetic radiation
A scientist who studies the stars and other objects in the sky
optical telescope that combines specifically shaped mirrors a…
A group of stars that form a pattern in the sky
a form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
astronomer
A scientist who studies the stars and other objects in the sky
catadioptric telescope
optical telescope that combines specifically shaped mirrors a…
21 terms
Glencoe Earth Science Chapter 23
causes the Earth to have seasons
Earth's tilt and rotation
solar eclipse
Solstice
the way the Earth is tilted on its axis towards the Sun and w…
the day when the Sun reaches its greatest distance north or s…
causes the Earth to have seasons
the way the Earth is tilted on its axis towards the Sun and w…
Earth's tilt and rotation
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 23
sphere
axis
rotation
revolution
a round, three-dimensional object whose surface is the same d…
imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth…
spinning of Earth on its imaginary axis, which takes about 24…
Earth's yearlong elliptical orbit around the Sun
sphere
a round, three-dimensional object whose surface is the same d…
axis
imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth…
6 terms
Earth Science chapter 23 vocabulary
Terrestrial planet
What is an example of a terrestrial pl…
Jovian planet
What is an example of a Jovian planet?
relatively small and rocky, Earth-like.
Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars
huge gas giants
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune
Terrestrial planet
relatively small and rocky, Earth-like.
What is an example of a terrestrial pl…
Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars
19 terms
Earth science chapter 23
echo sounding
core sampling
continental shelf
continental slope
ships use it to find the distance to the ocean floor
A technique that involves the use of a special hollow drill t…
part of the continent that extends form the shoreline our to…
where water depth begins to increase rapidly
echo sounding
ships use it to find the distance to the ocean floor
core sampling
A technique that involves the use of a special hollow drill t…
24 terms
Science 8: Chapter 23 - The Sun-Earth-Moon System
Sphere
Axis
Rotation
Revolution
A round three-dimensional object whose surface is the same di…
Imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth…
Spinning of Earth on its imaginary axis, which takes about 24…
Earth's yearlong elliptical around the Sun
Sphere
A round three-dimensional object whose surface is the same di…
Axis
Imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth…
Earth Science-Chapter 23-The Sun-Earth-Moon System
Properties of Earth
Sphere
Evidence of Earth's Spherical Shape
Earth's shape
Earth spins as it revolves around the sun (gives appearance t…
round, three-dimensional object
-Aristotle 350BC (earth cast a curved shadow)... -sailors (tops…
-sphere (bulges slightly at equator, somewhat flattened at po…
Properties of Earth
Earth spins as it revolves around the sun (gives appearance t…
Sphere
round, three-dimensional object
15 terms
chapter 23 review for earth science
the spinning of earth around its axis…
the ___________ is the point at which…
the moon is said to be __________ when…
the depression left behind by an objec…
rotation
solstice
waning
impact basin
the spinning of earth around its axis…
rotation
the ___________ is the point at which…
solstice
45 terms
Glencoe Earth Science Chapter 23
the way the Earth is tilted on its axi…
Earth's tilt and rotation
solar eclipse
Solstice
What causes Earth to have seasons?
When the Moon moves directly between Earth and the Sun, shado…
the day when the Sun reaches its greatest distance north or s…
the way the Earth is tilted on its axi…
What causes Earth to have seasons?
Earth's tilt and rotation
10 terms
Earth Science Chapter 23 notes
What is located at the very centerof o…
What is the name given to our solar sy…
Earth is considered to be what type of…
What are small irregularly shaped bodi…
The sun
The Milky Way
Terrestrial
Planetesimals
What is located at the very centerof o…
The sun
What is the name given to our solar sy…
The Milky Way
24 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 23
solar system
planet
geocentric theory
heliocentric theory
the sun and all the planets and other objects its gravity hol…
an astronomical body in our solar system
an ancient model of the solar system that placed the earth at…
a model of the solar system that places the sun at its center…
solar system
the sun and all the planets and other objects its gravity hol…
planet
an astronomical body in our solar system
Science Chapter 23 (Sun,Earth,Moon System)
sphere
axis
rotation
revolution
a round three dimensional object who's surface is the same di…
imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth…
spinning of Earth on its imaginary axis, which takes about 24…
Earths year long elliptical orbit around the Sun
sphere
a round three dimensional object who's surface is the same di…
axis
imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth…
42 terms
Earth science chapter 23
Oceanography
Chemical Oceanography
Physical oceanography
Marine geologist
Study of the Ocean
Branch of oceanography that studies the composition of seawater
physical characteristics of oceans, such as salinity, waves,…
scientist who studies features of and changes in the seafloor
Oceanography
Study of the Ocean
Chemical Oceanography
Branch of oceanography that studies the composition of seawater
41 terms
Earth Science Chapter 23
Each planet moves in an ____________ a…
The planets move around the sun in the…
Terrestrial planets
Jovian Planets
Elliptical orbit
Orbital
(Inner planets) small, rocky planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth &…
(Jupiter-like) (outer) gas giants (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, a…
Each planet moves in an ____________ a…
Elliptical orbit
The planets move around the sun in the…
Orbital
Chapter 23, Earth Science
Latent heat
Sublimation
Dew Point
Absolute Humidity
The heat energy that us absorbed or released by a substance d…
The process in which a solid changes directly into gas.
At constant pressure and water vapor content, the temperature…
The mass of water vapor per unit volume of air that contains…
Latent heat
The heat energy that us absorbed or released by a substance d…
Sublimation
The process in which a solid changes directly into gas.
Earth Science Vocabulary chapter 23
asteroid
comet
coma
Jovian Planet
a small rocky body which can range in size from a few hundred…
a small body made of rocky and metallic pieces held together…
a fuzzy, gaseous component of a comet's head
The Jupiter-like planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptun…
asteroid
a small rocky body which can range in size from a few hundred…
comet
a small body made of rocky and metallic pieces held together…
43 terms
Earth Science- Chapter 23 Review
total solar eclipse
day
revolution
interior
this can only be seen by people in the area of Earth within t…
Earth rotates on its axis about once every ___________.
Night and day on Earth are caused by Earth's ________________…
By studying moonquakes, scientists have been able to develop…
total solar eclipse
this can only be seen by people in the area of Earth within t…
day
Earth rotates on its axis about once every ___________.
Chapter 23 Key Terms Earth Science
Global ocean:
Sea
Oceanography
Sonar
the body of salt wayer that covers nearly three-fourths of Ea…
a large, commonly saline body of water that is smaller than t…
the scientific study of the ocean, the properties and movemen…
sound navigation and ranging system that uses acoustic signal…
Global ocean:
the body of salt wayer that covers nearly three-fourths of Ea…
Sea
a large, commonly saline body of water that is smaller than t…
Earth Science Chapter 23
Summer Solstice
Winter Solstice
Autumnal Equinox
Vernal Equinox
occurs when the sun is directly overhead at The Tropic of Can…
occurs when the sun is directly overhead at The Tropic of Cap…
Earth's position when the lengths of day and night are equal
the day of the year that marks the beginning of spring in the…
Summer Solstice
occurs when the sun is directly overhead at The Tropic of Can…
Winter Solstice
occurs when the sun is directly overhead at The Tropic of Cap…
Earth Science Chapter 23
terrestrial planets
jovian planets
nebular theory
nebula
Earth like planets - small and rocky
Jupiter like planets - huge gas planets
the theory that the sun and planets formed from a rotating di…
a cloud of dust and gas in space
terrestrial planets
Earth like planets - small and rocky
jovian planets
Jupiter like planets - huge gas planets
Earth Science~Chapter 23
Terrestrial Planet
Jovian Planets
Nebula
Planetesimal
Small rocky planets. Mercury,Venus, Earth, and Mars.
Huge gas planets. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.
A cloud of gas and of dust in space
Small,irregular shaped body formed by colliding matter
Terrestrial Planet
Small rocky planets. Mercury,Venus, Earth, and Mars.
Jovian Planets
Huge gas planets. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.
Earth Science Chapter 23
What percent of the mass of the solar…
What kind of orbit do planets move in?
Each planet and its orbit held in plac…
Degrees of planets besides Mercury on…
98.85%
Elliptical orbits
The sun's gravity
3 degrees (Mercury is 7 degrees)
What percent of the mass of the solar…
98.85%
What kind of orbit do planets move in?
Elliptical orbits
Chapter 23 Earth Science
asteroids
meteorite
interplanetary debris that was not gra…
meteoroid
a small rocky body whose diameter can range from a few hundre…
any portion of a meteoroid that reaches earth surface
meteoroids originate in what three ways
a small solid particle that travels through space
asteroids
a small rocky body whose diameter can range from a few hundre…
meteorite
any portion of a meteoroid that reaches earth surface
56 terms
Chapter 23 Earth Science
Which of the following is not consider…
Which of the following colors has the…
Electromagnetic radiation that behaves…
X-rays have shorter wavelength than vi…
gravity
red
photon
are higher energy than light waves
Which of the following is not consider…
gravity
Which of the following colors has the…
red
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 23 Terms (summarized)
planet
orbit
dwarf planet
moon
astronomical body that orbits the sun, has enough mass to for…
regular, elliptical path one astronomical body takes around a…
an astronomical that orbits the sun and not another object, a…
a natural satellite of a planet
planet
astronomical body that orbits the sun, has enough mass to for…
orbit
regular, elliptical path one astronomical body takes around a…
16 terms
Global Science: Earth & Space Science (Chapter 23)
Runoff
Tributaries
Transpiration
Watershed
Water that flows over Earth's surface.
Smaller streams the flow into a major river.
The loss of water through the leaves of plants.
The area of land that contributes water to a river system.
Runoff
Water that flows over Earth's surface.
Tributaries
Smaller streams the flow into a major river.
21 terms
Glencoe Earth Science Chapter 23
causes the Earth to have seasons
Earth's tilt and rotation
solar eclipse
Solstice
the way the Earth is tilted on its axis towards the Sun and w…
the day when the Sun reaches its greatest distance north or s…
causes the Earth to have seasons
the way the Earth is tilted on its axis towards the Sun and w…
Earth's tilt and rotation
Earth Science Chapter 23
Mercury Classification
Venus Classification
Mars Classification
Earth Classification
Terrestrial
Terrestrial
Terrestrial
Terrestrial
Mercury Classification
Terrestrial
Venus Classification
Terrestrial
Earth Science Chapter 23
one of the planets known to have rings…
which of the following is not a jovian…
which of the following is not a terres…
the most obvious difference between th…
uranus
earth
Jupiter
size
one of the planets known to have rings…
uranus
which of the following is not a jovian…
earth
33 terms
Earth Science Chapter 23
nebula
protostar
main sequence
red giant
gas and dust cloud
after gravity contracts, core collapses and heats
after temp rises, H fusion begins, 90% of stars life
after no more H, He fusion starts, puffs and cools, bright an…
nebula
gas and dust cloud
protostar
after gravity contracts, core collapses and heats
Earth science chapter 23
Global ocean
Sea
Oceanography
Sonar
the body of salt water that covers nearly three-fourths of Ea…
a large, commonly saline body of water that is smaller than a…
movements of ocean water, the characteristics of the ocean fl…
sound navigation and ranging, a system that uses acoustic sig…
Global ocean
the body of salt water that covers nearly three-fourths of Ea…
Sea
a large, commonly saline body of water that is smaller than a…
Earth Science- Chapter 23
Electromagnetic radiation
Photon
Radiation pressure
Spectroscopy
The transfer of energy (heat) through space by electromagneti…
A discrete amount (quantum) of electromagnetic energy
The force exerted by electromagnetic radiation from an object…
The study of spectra
Electromagnetic radiation
The transfer of energy (heat) through space by electromagneti…
Photon
A discrete amount (quantum) of electromagnetic energy
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 23
revolution
axis
rotation
equator
earth traveling around the sun (365 days, or 1 year)
imaginary pole that the earth spins around
earth spinning around the axis
imaginary line that goes horizontally around the earth like a…
revolution
earth traveling around the sun (365 days, or 1 year)
axis
imaginary pole that the earth spins around
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 23 Vocab Words
Terrestrial
Jovian Planet
Nebula
Planetesimal
Mercury,Venus,Earth, and Mars are relatively small and rocky.
Jupiter,Saturn,Uranus, and Neptune are huge gas giants.
A cloud of dust and gas in space is called a Nebula.
The colliding matter formed small, irregularly shaped bodies…
Terrestrial
Mercury,Venus,Earth, and Mars are relatively small and rocky.
Jovian Planet
Jupiter,Saturn,Uranus, and Neptune are huge gas giants.
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 23
solar system
planet
geocentric theory
heliocentric theory
The sun and all the planets and other objects its gravity hol…
An astronomical body that orbits the sun, has enough mass to…
An ancient model of the solar system that placed the earth at…
A model of the solar system that places the sun at its center.
solar system
The sun and all the planets and other objects its gravity hol…
planet
An astronomical body that orbits the sun, has enough mass to…
18 terms
Chapter 23 earth science
Cirrus clouds mean
Sublimation is when
Water freezes at
Water boils at
Curly
A solid turns into a gas
273 kelvins
212 degrees Fahrenheit
Cirrus clouds mean
Curly
Sublimation is when
A solid turns into a gas
Earth Science Chapter 23
solar system
planet
geocentric theory
heliocentric theory
the sun and all the planets and other objects its gravity hol…
an astronomical body in our solar system
an ancient model of the solar system that placed the earth at…
a model of the solar system that places the sun ant its cente…
solar system
the sun and all the planets and other objects its gravity hol…
planet
an astronomical body in our solar system
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 23
terrestrial planets
jovian planets
nebular theory
nebula
Earth like planets - small and rocky
Jupiter like planets - huge gas planets
the theory that the sun and planets formed from a rotating di…
a cloud of dust and gas in space
terrestrial planets
Earth like planets - small and rocky
jovian planets
Jupiter like planets - huge gas planets
53 terms
Chapter 23 Earth Science
phases
water vapor
liquid water
ice
water in the atmosphere exists in three states.
one phase is known as gas
water
water that is solid
phases
water in the atmosphere exists in three states.
water vapor
one phase is known as gas
10 terms
Chapter 23 Earth Science
Terrestrial Planets
Jovian Planets
Nebula
Planetesimal
Any of the Earth-like planets, including Mercury, Venus, Mars…
The Jupiter-like planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune
A cloud of gas and/or dust in space
Small irregularly shaped body formed by coliding matter
Terrestrial Planets
Any of the Earth-like planets, including Mercury, Venus, Mars…
Jovian Planets
The Jupiter-like planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune
Chapter 23: Earth Science
Terrestrial Planets
Jovian Planets
Interiors of the Planets
Atmosphere of Planets
planets that are small and rocky-Mercury, Venus, Earth, and M…
The huge has giants-Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune
The substances that make up the planets are divided into thre…
Jovian planets have very thick atmosphere of hydrogen, helium…
Terrestrial Planets
planets that are small and rocky-Mercury, Venus, Earth, and M…
Jovian Planets
The huge has giants-Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune
43 terms
earth science chapter 23
terrestrial planets
Jovian planets
Pluto
ways the 2 groups differ
planets that are small and rocky; Mercury, Venus, Earth, and…
huge gas giants; Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune
does not fit into either the jovian or terrestrial
density... chemical makeup... rate of rotation
terrestrial planets
planets that are small and rocky; Mercury, Venus, Earth, and…
Jovian planets
huge gas giants; Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune
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