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Study sets matching "term science sun earth chapter 28"

21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 28 Review
Most short period comets come from the…
Most long period comets come from the…
Comets have two tails. True or false?
Meteorites can provide information abo…
True
True
True
the composition of the solar system before the planets formed
Most short period comets come from the…
True
Most long period comets come from the…
True
10 terms
Earth Science Chapter 28
big bang
cosmic background radiation
Doppler effect
galaxy
the universe began with a big explosion as a concentration of…
weak electromagnetic radiation (radio waves) left over from t…
apparent change in frequency and wavelength of energy radiate…
huge groups of stars held together by gravity
big bang
the universe began with a big explosion as a concentration of…
cosmic background radiation
weak electromagnetic radiation (radio waves) left over from t…
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 28 Vocabulary
Satellite
moon
Mare
crater
A natural or artificial body that revolves around a celestial…
a celestial body that revolves around a body that is greater…
a large dark area of basalt on the moon
a bowl-shaped depression that forms on the surface of an obje…
Satellite
A natural or artificial body that revolves around a celestial…
moon
a celestial body that revolves around a body that is greater…
10 terms
Earth Science Chapter 28
Reflecting Telescope
Interferometry
Spinoff
Highland
A type of telescope that uses mirrors to focus visible light
Process that links separate telescopes so they act as one tel…
NASA technology that has been passed to commercial industries…
Light colored, mountainous, heavily cratered areas of the moo…
Reflecting Telescope
A type of telescope that uses mirrors to focus visible light
Interferometry
Process that links separate telescopes so they act as one tel…
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 28
Satellite
Moon
Mare
Crater
A natural or artificial body that revolves around a planet.
A body that revolves around a planet and that has less mass t…
A large, dark area of basalt, solidified lava, on the moon.
A bowl-shaped depression that forms on the surface of an obje…
Satellite
A natural or artificial body that revolves around a planet.
Moon
A body that revolves around a planet and that has less mass t…
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 28
Satellite
moon
Mare
crater
A natural or artificial body that revolves around a celestial…
a celestial body that revolves around a body that is greater…
a large dark area of basalt on the moon
a bowl-shaped depression that forms on the surface of an obje…
Satellite
A natural or artificial body that revolves around a celestial…
moon
a celestial body that revolves around a body that is greater…
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 28 Space
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
continuous spectrum
emission spectrum
Energy radiated in the form of a wave, resulting from the mot…
A continuum depicting the range of electromagnetic radiation,…
A spectrum that contains all colors or wavelengths
A spectrum consisting of individual lines at characteristic w…
electromagnetic radiation
Energy radiated in the form of a wave, resulting from the mot…
electromagnetic spectrum
A continuum depicting the range of electromagnetic radiation,…
35 terms
HOLT EARTH SCIENCE CHAPTER 28
satellite
moons
Sputnik
mare
a natural or artificial body that revolves around a larger ce…
a celestial body that revolves around a body that is larger i…
which was the first artificial satellite launched into space
a large, dark area of basalt on the moon(plural, maria)
satellite
a natural or artificial body that revolves around a larger ce…
moons
a celestial body that revolves around a body that is larger i…
60 terms
Earth Science Chapter 28
satellite
moon
Anorthosites
Mare
body that orbits a larger body
celestial body that orbits a larger body
rock that makes up the light, rough highlands
large, dark area of basalt on the moon
satellite
body that orbits a larger body
moon
celestial body that orbits a larger body
22 terms
Chapter 28 Earth Science
Aurora
Chromosphere
Convective Zone
Moon
Sheets of colored light produced by a magnetic storm in the e…
Hun layer of the Suns atmosphere that lies above the photosph…
Region around the Suns radiative zone in which moving gases t…
Body that is smaller than a planet and orbits the planet
Aurora
Sheets of colored light produced by a magnetic storm in the e…
Chromosphere
Hun layer of the Suns atmosphere that lies above the photosph…
13 terms
Earth Science Chapter 28
astronomical unit
eccentricity
terrestrial planet
Jovian planet
distance in space
the ratio of the distance between the foci to the length of t…
the four inner planets
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
astronomical unit
distance in space
eccentricity
the ratio of the distance between the foci to the length of t…
22 terms
Earth science- Chapter 28
Electromagnetic radiation
Electromagnetic spectrum
Continuous spectrum
Emission spectrum
Energy that travels in waves
A continuum wih the longest wavelength at one end and shortes…
An unbroken band of colors
A series of unevenly spaced lines of different colors and bri…
Electromagnetic radiation
Energy that travels in waves
Electromagnetic spectrum
A continuum wih the longest wavelength at one end and shortes…
13 terms
Earth Science Chapter 28
astronomical unit
eccentricity
terrestrial planet
Jovian planet
distance in space
the ratio of the distance between the foci to the length of t…
the four inner planets
Jupiter, Uranus, Neptune (Gas Giants)
astronomical unit
distance in space
eccentricity
the ratio of the distance between the foci to the length of t…
22 terms
earth science chapter28
interferometry
reflecting telescope
refracting telescope
spinoff
Process that links seperate telescopes so they act as one tel…
A telescope that uses a curved mirror to collect and focus li…
A telescope that uses convex lenses to gather and focus light
NASA technology that has been passed to commercial industries…
interferometry
Process that links seperate telescopes so they act as one tel…
reflecting telescope
A telescope that uses a curved mirror to collect and focus li…
17 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 28
Planetesimals
Retrograde Motion
Ellipse
Astronomical Unit
Space object built of solid particles that can form planets t…
A planet's apparent backward movement in the sky.
An oval that is centered on two points called foci; the shape…
The average distance between the Sun and Earth, 1.496 X 10 (8…
Planetesimals
Space object built of solid particles that can form planets t…
Retrograde Motion
A planet's apparent backward movement in the sky.
22 terms
Chapter 28 - Earth Science
Refracting Telescope
Reflecting Telescope
Interferometry
Spinoff
a type of telescope that uses lenses to focus visible light
a type of telescope that uses mirrors to focus visible light
process that links separate telescopes so they act as one tel…
NASA technology that has been passed down to commercial indus…
Refracting Telescope
a type of telescope that uses lenses to focus visible light
Reflecting Telescope
a type of telescope that uses mirrors to focus visible light
Earth Science Chapter 28 Review
Most short period comets come from the…
Most long period comets come from the…
Comets have two tails. True or false?
The main asteroid belt exists in a reg…
True
True
True
Mars and Jupiter
Most short period comets come from the…
True
Most long period comets come from the…
True
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 28 Review
Most short period comets come from the…
Most long period comets come from the…
Comets have two tails. True or false?
Meteorites can provide information abo…
True
True
True
the composition of the solar system before the planets formed
Most short period comets come from the…
True
Most long period comets come from the…
True
32 terms
Chapter 28 Earth Science
mare
crater
moon
regolith
a large, dark area of lunar basalt
a bowl-shaped depression that forms on the surface of an obje…
a smaller natural body that orbits a planet
layer of crushed rock and dust on the moon's surface
mare
a large, dark area of lunar basalt
crater
a bowl-shaped depression that forms on the surface of an obje…
13 terms
Chapter 28 Earth Science
Astronomical Unit
Eccentricity
Terrestrial Planet
Jovian Planet
average distance from the sun
ratio of the distance between the foci to the length of the m…
the four inner planets
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, gas giants, outer planets
Astronomical Unit
average distance from the sun
Eccentricity
ratio of the distance between the foci to the length of the m…
22 terms
Chapter 28 - Earth Science
Refracting Telescope
Reflecting Telescope
Interferometry
Spinoff
a type of telescope that uses lenses to focus visible light
a type of telescope that uses mirrors to focus visible light
process that links separate telescopes so they act as one tel…
NASA technology that has been passed down to commercial indus…
Refracting Telescope
a type of telescope that uses lenses to focus visible light
Reflecting Telescope
a type of telescope that uses mirrors to focus visible light
14 terms
earth science chapter 28
Moon
natural satellite
Satellite
Mere
A ____ is a celestial body that revolves around a body that i…
Moons are also known as ______ ________.
A _______ is a natural or artificial body that moves around a…
A large, dark area of basalt on the moon is known as a ____.
Moon
A ____ is a celestial body that revolves around a body that i…
natural satellite
Moons are also known as ______ ________.
13 terms
Earth Science Chapter 28
astronomical unit
eccentricity
terrestrial planet
Jovian planet
-distance in space
-the ratio of the distance between the foci to the length of…
-the four inner planets
-"Gas Giants"... -Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune because t…
astronomical unit
-distance in space
eccentricity
-the ratio of the distance between the foci to the length of…
22 terms
Earth Science, Chapter 28
interferometry
reflecting telescope
refracting telescope
spinoff
Process that links separate telescopes so they act as one tel…
a type of telescope that uses mirrors to focus visible light.
a type of telescope that uses lenses to focus visible light.
NASA technology that has been passed to commercial industries…
interferometry
Process that links separate telescopes so they act as one tel…
reflecting telescope
a type of telescope that uses mirrors to focus visible light.
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 28
Astronomical Unit
Eccentricity
Ellipse
Planetesimal
Earth average distance from the sun (semi-major axis)
ratio of the distance between foci to the length of major axi…
an oval shape centered on two two points, foci
objects formed from colliding particles
Astronomical Unit
Earth average distance from the sun (semi-major axis)
Eccentricity
ratio of the distance between foci to the length of major axi…
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 28
Io
Ganymede
Callisto
Europa
Active volcanoes
Largest moon found, made of ice and rock, has its own magneti…
Most densely cratered moon in our solar system
May have solid core surrounded by ocean
Io
Active volcanoes
Ganymede
Largest moon found, made of ice and rock, has its own magneti…
60 terms
Earth Science Chapter 28
satellite
moon
Anorthosites
Mare
body that orbits a larger body
celestial body that orbits a larger body
rock that makes up the light, rough highlands
large, dark area of basalt on the moon
satellite
body that orbits a larger body
moon
celestial body that orbits a larger body
29 terms
Earth science chapter 28
Accretion
Nebula
Nebular Theory
Planetesimals
Growth or increase in size by gradual external addition, fusi…
large cloud of interstellar gas and dust that collapses on it…
The theory that the solar and stellar systems were develop fr…
space object build of soled particles that can form planets t…
Accretion
Growth or increase in size by gradual external addition, fusi…
Nebula
large cloud of interstellar gas and dust that collapses on it…
22 terms
Chapter 28 - Earth Science
Refracting Telescope
Reflecting Telescope
Interferometry
Spinoff
a type of telescope that uses lenses to focus visible light
a type of telescope that uses mirrors to focus visible light
process that links separate telescopes so they act as one tel…
NASA technology that has been passed down to commercial indus…
Refracting Telescope
a type of telescope that uses lenses to focus visible light
Reflecting Telescope
a type of telescope that uses mirrors to focus visible light
29 terms
Chapter 28 Earth science
Accretion
Nebula
Nebular Theory
Planetesimals
An increase in the mass of a celestial object by its gravitat…
Large cloud of interstellar gas and dust that collapses on it…
A hypothesis concerning the formation of stars and planets, a…
Objects ranging from one kilometer to hundreds of kilometers…
Accretion
An increase in the mass of a celestial object by its gravitat…
Nebula
Large cloud of interstellar gas and dust that collapses on it…
22 terms
Chapter 28 - Earth Science
Refracting Telescope
Reflecting Telescope
Interferometry
Spinoff
a type of telescope that uses lenses to focus visible light
a type of telescope that uses mirrors to focus visible light
process that links separate telescopes so they act as one tel…
NASA technology that has been passed down to commercial indus…
Refracting Telescope
a type of telescope that uses lenses to focus visible light
Reflecting Telescope
a type of telescope that uses mirrors to focus visible light
chapter 28 earth science
astronomical unit
eccentricity
terrestrial plantet
Jovian planet
a unit of length, equal to the mean distance of the earth fro…
Machinery. the distance between the centers of two cylindrica…
inner planet.
any of the four large outer planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus,…
astronomical unit
a unit of length, equal to the mean distance of the earth fro…
eccentricity
Machinery. the distance between the centers of two cylindrica…
29 terms
Earth Science, chapter 28
Accretion
Nebula
Nebular theory
Planetesimals
An increase in the mass of a celestial object by its gravitat…
Large cloud of interstellar gas and dust that collapses on it…
A hypothesis concerning the formation of stars and planets, a…
Objects ranging from one kilometer to hundreds of kilometers…
Accretion
An increase in the mass of a celestial object by its gravitat…
Nebula
Large cloud of interstellar gas and dust that collapses on it…
Earth Science chapter 28
interferometry
reflecting telescope
refracting telescope
spinoff
Process that links seperate telescopes so they act as one tel…
A telescope that uses a curved mirror to collect and focus li…
A telescope that uses convex lenses to gather and focus light
strategy of setting up one or more corporate units as new, in…
interferometry
Process that links seperate telescopes so they act as one tel…
reflecting telescope
A telescope that uses a curved mirror to collect and focus li…
Earth Science chapter 28
interferometry
reflecting telescope
refracting telescope
spinoff
Process that links seperate telescopes so they act as one tel…
A telescope that uses a curved mirror to collect and focus li…
A telescope that uses convex lenses to gather and focus light
strategy of setting up one or more corporate units as new, in…
interferometry
Process that links seperate telescopes so they act as one tel…
reflecting telescope
A telescope that uses a curved mirror to collect and focus li…
58 terms
earth science chapter 28
light
electromagnetic radiation
wavelengths
frequency
the best tool for astronomers can use to learn about the univ…
travels at the same speed and is measured by wavelengths and…
the distance between peaks on a wave
the number of waves or oscillations occurring per second
light
the best tool for astronomers can use to learn about the univ…
electromagnetic radiation
travels at the same speed and is measured by wavelengths and…
18 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 28
Planetesimals
Retrograde Motion
Ellipse
Astronomical Unit
Space object built of solid particles that can form planets t…
A planet's apparent backward movement in the sky.
An oval that is centered on two points called foci; the shape…
The average distance between the Sun and Earth, 1.496 X 10 (8…
Planetesimals
Space object built of solid particles that can form planets t…
Retrograde Motion
A planet's apparent backward movement in the sky.
29 terms
Chapter 28 earth science
Seasonal changes in when direction wit…
Measures windspeed
Type of front forms when the surface p…
usually originiates during the day and…
Moonsoon
Anemotor
Stationary
Sea breeze
Seasonal changes in when direction wit…
Moonsoon
Measures windspeed
Anemotor
22 terms
Chapter 28 - Earth Science
Refracting Telescope
Reflecting Telescope
Interferometry
Spinoff
a type of telescope that uses lenses to focus visible light
a type of telescope that uses mirrors to focus visible light
process that links separate telescopes so they act as one tel…
NASA technology that has been passed down to commercial indus…
Refracting Telescope
a type of telescope that uses lenses to focus visible light
Reflecting Telescope
a type of telescope that uses mirrors to focus visible light
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 28 key terms
Aurora
Chromosphere
Convective zone
Corona
Sheets of colored light produced by a magnetic storm in earth…
Thin layer of the suns atmosphere that lies above the photosp…
Region around the suns radiative zone in which moving gases t…
Outermost layer of the suns atmosphere; crown
Aurora
Sheets of colored light produced by a magnetic storm in earth…
Chromosphere
Thin layer of the suns atmosphere that lies above the photosp…
29 terms
Chapter 28 Earth science
Accretion
Nebula
Nebular Theory
Planetesimals
An increase in the mass of a celestial object by its gravitat…
Large cloud of interstellar gas and dust that collapses on it…
A hypothesis concerning the formation of stars and planets, a…
Objects ranging from one kilometer to hundreds of kilometers…
Accretion
An increase in the mass of a celestial object by its gravitat…
Nebula
Large cloud of interstellar gas and dust that collapses on it…
22 terms
Chapter 28 Earth Science Vocabulary
refracting telescope
reflecting telescope
interferometry
spinoff
First type of telescope invented, uses lenses to bring visibl…
telescope that brings visible light to a focus with mirrors.…
the process of linking separate telescopes together so that t…
NASA technologies that have been passed on to commercial indu…
refracting telescope
First type of telescope invented, uses lenses to bring visibl…
reflecting telescope
telescope that brings visible light to a focus with mirrors.…
18 terms
Chapter 28 Earth Science
astronomical unit
eccentricity
ellipse
planetesimal
the average distance between the Sun and Earth, 1.496 × 108 k…
ratio of the distance between the foci to the length of the m…
an oval that is centered on two points called foci; the shape…
space object built of solid particles that can form planets t…
astronomical unit
the average distance between the Sun and Earth, 1.496 × 108 k…
eccentricity
ratio of the distance between the foci to the length of the m…
18 terms
Chapter 28 Vocabulary- Earth Science
planetesimal
retrograde motion
ellipse
astronomical unit (AU)
space object built of solid particles that can form planets t…
a planet's apparent backward movement in the sky
an oval that is centered on two points called foci; the shape…
the average distance between the Sun and Earth, 1.496 • 10^8km
planetesimal
space object built of solid particles that can form planets t…
retrograde motion
a planet's apparent backward movement in the sky
21 terms
Earth Science chapter 28
What is beneath the moons thin crust?
What is at the center of the moon? (Ma…
Name two different lunar features...
Differentiation process that formed
Mantle
Core
rilles and ridges
the layers of the moon's interior
What is beneath the moons thin crust?
Mantle
What is at the center of the moon? (Ma…
Core
22 terms
Chapter 28 Vocab (Earth Science)
Electromagnetic radiation
Electromagnetic spectrum
Continuous spectrum
Emission spectrum
Energy that travels in waves
A continuum with longest wavelength at one end and the shorte…
An unbroken band of colors
A series or unevenly spaced lines of different colors and bri…
Electromagnetic radiation
Energy that travels in waves
Electromagnetic spectrum
A continuum with longest wavelength at one end and the shorte…
13 terms
chapter 28 earth science vocabulary
Astronomical unit
Eccentricity
Terrestrial planet
Jovian planet
a unit of measurement equal to 149.6 million kilometers, the…
Eccentricity is a measure of how an orbit deviates from circu…
a planet that is composed primarily of silicate rocks or metals
planets refer to a group of four planets in the solar system.…
Astronomical unit
a unit of measurement equal to 149.6 million kilometers, the…
Eccentricity
Eccentricity is a measure of how an orbit deviates from circu…
14 terms
Chapter 28 earth science
False
False
True
True
The brightest planet in Earth's nighttime sky is jupiter
Venus has a large solid core that extends almost to the surface
The atmosphere of both Earth and Titan are composed of mainly…
One of saturn's moons, Enceladus, sprays geysers of salty wat…
False
The brightest planet in Earth's nighttime sky is jupiter
False
Venus has a large solid core that extends almost to the surface
16 terms
Earth Science- Chapter 28
Explain the theory of plate tectonics.
What evidence do scientist have to sup…
What was the first single land mass ca…
Explain continental drift.
Giant plates of crust move due to convection currents within…
The fossil record= similar fossils found in continents separa…
Pangaea
How Pangaea broke apart and separated into the 7 continents.
Explain the theory of plate tectonics.
Giant plates of crust move due to convection currents within…
What evidence do scientist have to sup…
The fossil record= similar fossils found in continents separa…
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 28: Our Solar System
Planetesimal
Retrograde Motion
Ellipse
Astronomical unit
Space object built of solid particles that can form planets t…
A planet's apparent backward movement in the sky.
An oval that is centered on two points called foci; the shape…
The average distance between the Sun and Earth 1.496 X 10^8 km.
Planetesimal
Space object built of solid particles that can form planets t…
Retrograde Motion
A planet's apparent backward movement in the sky.
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