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Study sets matching "term science sun earth"

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Study sets matching "term science sun earth"

15 terms
Earth Science: Friday, Saturday, and Sunday study
List these terms in order form smalles…
Why is dark matter invisible?
What is a galaxy?
List these terms in order from largest…
Star, star system, galaxy, cluster, supercluster, universe.
It doesn't emit light of any wavelength.
A huge collection of stars, gas, and dust.
Universe, supercluster, cluster, galaxy, star.
List these terms in order form smalles…
Star, star system, galaxy, cluster, supercluster, universe.
Why is dark matter invisible?
It doesn't emit light of any wavelength.
13 terms
Earth Science Ch 2 Terms
ocean crust
continental crust
magnetosphere
atmosphere
most dense (heaviest) part of earths outermost layer
forms the landmasses of the earths outermost layer, lower den…
magnetic field surrounding a planet, which deflects much of t…
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon.
ocean crust
most dense (heaviest) part of earths outermost layer
continental crust
forms the landmasses of the earths outermost layer, lower den…
93 terms
Earth Science All Terms
Plate tectonics
Plates
Divergence
Convergence
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
- 2 plates move away from each other... - hot mantle rock rises…
- crust collides with another oceanic plate or continental pl…
Plate tectonics
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
Plates
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
27 terms
Chapter 1 Earth Science terms
Innermost region of the Earth
List of map symbols and their meaning
Part of Earth that is water
Error in shape, size or distance
core
legend
hydrosphere
distortion
Innermost region of the Earth
core
List of map symbols and their meaning
legend
22 terms
8th Earth Science Terms
hydrosphere
biosphere
atmosphere
geosphere
the sphere that contains all earth's water
the sphere that contains all living things
the outer layer sphere made from gas
the sphere that contains all rocks and soils on earth
hydrosphere
the sphere that contains all earth's water
biosphere
the sphere that contains all living things
43 terms
Earth & Space Science Terms
air mass
black hole
continental shelf
continental slope
a large body of air with certain temperature and moisture
an infinite warp in space with gravity strong enough to trap…
the nearly flat area of the ocean bottom where the ocean meet…
the sloping area that extends from the edge of the continenta…
air mass
a large body of air with certain temperature and moisture
black hole
an infinite warp in space with gravity strong enough to trap…
17 terms
Chapter 1 Earth Science Terms
science
earth science
geology
meteorology
The process of observing, explaining, and understanding thing…
The study of earth and space; includes geology, meteorology,…
The study of Earth and its matter, processes, and history.
The study of Earth's weather and the forces that cause it.
science
The process of observing, explaining, and understanding thing…
earth science
The study of earth and space; includes geology, meteorology,…
10 terms
8th Grade Science--Earth Science Terms
chemical weathering
continental drift
converted
cycle
process in which minerals and rocks are broken down into new…
theory that states that the continents move and once formed a…
changed
sequence of events occurring in a predictable pattern that ev…
chemical weathering
process in which minerals and rocks are broken down into new…
continental drift
theory that states that the continents move and once formed a…
10 terms
Earth Science Terms
chemical weathering
continental drift
converted
cycle
process in which minerals and rocks are broken down into new…
theory that states that the continents move and once formed a…
changed
sequence of events occurring in a predictable pattern that ev…
chemical weathering
process in which minerals and rocks are broken down into new…
continental drift
theory that states that the continents move and once formed a…
16 terms
Earth Science Terms
weathering
erosion
deposition (deltas and sand dunes)
earthquakes
rocks and soil are worn down
when the tiny pieces of rock that is worn down from weatherin…
when these tiny rocks/materials stop moving and build up some…
caused by the moving of fault lines; both constructive (make…
weathering
rocks and soil are worn down
erosion
when the tiny pieces of rock that is worn down from weatherin…
104 terms
Earth Science Terms
Earth science
Crust
Lithosphere
Atmosphere
Study of Earth and space, including rocks, fossils, climate,…
Earth's outermost layer.
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet, such as Earth.
Earth science
Study of Earth and space, including rocks, fossils, climate,…
Crust
Earth's outermost layer.
62 terms
Earth & Space Science Terms
Oceanography
Open cluster
Open universe
Opinion
the study of Earth's oceans
a small group of stars that is located along the spiral disk…
the theory that the universe will continue to slowly expand f…
a personal belief that is often based on a person's own value…
Oceanography
the study of Earth's oceans
Open cluster
a small group of stars that is located along the spiral disk…
18 terms
!Earth Science Unit Terms!
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Ice Wedging
Abrasion
The process by which rock materials are broken down by the ac…
The breakdown of rock into smaller pieces by physical means.…
When water seeps into rock cracks, freezes, then widen the cr…
The grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
Weathering
The process by which rock materials are broken down by the ac…
Mechanical Weathering
The breakdown of rock into smaller pieces by physical means.…
36 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Terms
Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Rock Cycle
lava
Solid mass of mineral or mineral material that is naturally o…
Rocks formed by deposition and lithification of pieces of roc…
The continuous processes rock undergoes to change on our plan…
Molten rock that has made it onto the surface of the Earth
Rock
Solid mass of mineral or mineral material that is naturally o…
Sedimentary Rock
Rocks formed by deposition and lithification of pieces of roc…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Terms
element
energy level
mass number
chemical bond
A pure substance containing only one type of atom.
Regions in which electrons can be found.
Found by adding protons and neutrons together. Given as an av…
An attraction that forms between atoms that is not easily bro…
element
A pure substance containing only one type of atom.
energy level
Regions in which electrons can be found.
17 terms
Chapter 1 Earth Science Terms
science
earth science
geology
meteorology
The process of observing, explaining, and understanding thing…
The study of earth and space; includes geology, meteorology,…
The study of Earth and its matter, processes, and history.
The study of Earth's weather and the forces that cause it.
science
The process of observing, explaining, and understanding thing…
earth science
The study of earth and space; includes geology, meteorology,…
107 terms
Earth Science Terms I
Latitude
Longitude
Contour Interval
Matter
Horizontal
Vertical
the difference in elevation between 2 consecutive contour lines
anything with mass and volume, made of elements
Latitude
Horizontal
Longitude
Vertical
24 terms
Earth Science terms
non renewable
renewable resource
natural resource
weathering
a natural resouce that takes a long time to replace
a natural resouce that can be replaced easily
something found in the Earth that was created naturally
the breaking down of rocks
non renewable
a natural resouce that takes a long time to replace
renewable resource
a natural resouce that can be replaced easily
79 terms
Earth Science Terms
Earth Science
5 branches of Earth Science
Geology
3 sub branches of Geology
The study of the Earth and the universe surrounding it
Geology, Oceanography, Meteorology, Astronomy, Environmental…
Study of the solid earth
Seismology, Volcanology, Paleontology
Earth Science
The study of the Earth and the universe surrounding it
5 branches of Earth Science
Geology, Oceanography, Meteorology, Astronomy, Environmental…
91 terms
Earth Science Mid-Term
3 conditions must be met in order to p…
3 stages of thunderstorms
2 types of thunderstorms
Thunder storm clouds
moisture lifting stability
cumulus stage, mature stage, dissipation stage
air mass thunderstorm, frontal thunderstorms
Cumulonimbus
3 conditions must be met in order to p…
moisture lifting stability
3 stages of thunderstorms
cumulus stage, mature stage, dissipation stage
14 terms
Earth Science Terms
Catastrophic event
Erosion
Fossil
Geologic
A sudden, quick, widespread, violent natural or man-made disa…
Movement of sediment from one place to another
Preserved remains, imprints or traces of an organism
Relating to geology
Catastrophic event
A sudden, quick, widespread, violent natural or man-made disa…
Erosion
Movement of sediment from one place to another
54 terms
Earth Science Terms-Not Sure
physical properties
foliated
intrusive
extrusive
the characteristics of a substance that can be observed or me…
term used to describe metamorphic rocks that have grains arra…
a type of igneous rock that generally contains large crystals…
A type of igneous rock that generally contains small crystals…
physical properties
the characteristics of a substance that can be observed or me…
foliated
term used to describe metamorphic rocks that have grains arra…
39 terms
Earth Science Review Terms
coordinate system
rotation
revolution
conduction
latitude and longitude
spinning on axis, 15 degrees per hour, causing day and night
orbit around sun, causing seasons
heat transfer through solids
coordinate system
latitude and longitude
rotation
spinning on axis, 15 degrees per hour, causing day and night
81 terms
Earth and Space Science Terms
CRUST
CONTINENTAL CRUST
OCEANIC CRUST
MANTLE
earth's outermost layer.
the lighter, older, and thicker part of earths crust which ma…
the rock that makes up the ocean floor
the layer of earth beneath the crust
CRUST
earth's outermost layer.
CONTINENTAL CRUST
the lighter, older, and thicker part of earths crust which ma…
52 terms
Science Terms: Earth Science
Temperature
Heat
Thermal Energy
Conduction
The average of the kinetic energy of the particles of a subst…
The amount of thermal energy that transfers from an area of h…
Total energy of all particles
the transfer of heat energy by direct contact
Temperature
The average of the kinetic energy of the particles of a subst…
Heat
The amount of thermal energy that transfers from an area of h…
19 terms
Ch 17 TermsEarth Science
ozone
thermosphere
spring equinox
convection
a molecule of oxygen containing three oxygen atoms.
a region of the atmosphere immediately above the mesosphere a…
The equinox that occurs on March 21 or 22 in the Northern Hem…
the transfer of heat by the movement of a mass or substance,…
ozone
a molecule of oxygen containing three oxygen atoms.
thermosphere
a region of the atmosphere immediately above the mesosphere a…
6 terms
Earth Science terms
Oblate sphere
Circumference
Diameter
Equatorial Diameter
A spheroid that is flat, or slightly flat at its poles.
The circumference of a circle is the distance around it.
A line through the center of a figure, often times a circle.
The distance through the middle of the Earth. Earth's equator…
Oblate sphere
A spheroid that is flat, or slightly flat at its poles.
Circumference
The circumference of a circle is the distance around it.
23 terms
Earth and Environmental Science terms
Igneous
Melting and Cooling
Intrusive Igneous
Extrusive Igneous
having solidified from lava or magma
the process that turns any rock into magma or to become less…
magma that solidifies while still inside of the Earth's crust…
when magma explodes or flows to the surface of the earth and…
Igneous
having solidified from lava or magma
Melting and Cooling
the process that turns any rock into magma or to become less…
10 terms
Science Earth Terms
Lithosphere
Asthenosphere
Convergent Boundary
Divergent Boundary
The lithosphere is the solid outer part of the earth that inc…
The asthenosphere is a weaker part of earths upper mantle bel…
Convergent Boundary occurs when 2 or more plates move towards…
Divergent boundaries are where 2 plates are diverging or pull…
Lithosphere
The lithosphere is the solid outer part of the earth that inc…
Asthenosphere
The asthenosphere is a weaker part of earths upper mantle bel…
47 terms
Earth Science Term 4
Primary waves
Secondary waves
Body waves
Surface waves
fastest waves... travel through solids, liquids, or gases... longit…
slower than Primary waves... travel through solids only... transver…
Primary and Secondary waves
Rayleigh and Love waves. ... Travel below or along the grounds s…
Primary waves
fastest waves... travel through solids, liquids, or gases... longit…
Secondary waves
slower than Primary waves... travel through solids only... transver…
32 terms
Earth science terms (Alex)
Asthenosphere
Time zones in the USA
Cartography
International date line
Partially molten plasticlike, flowing layer located below the…
6
Science of mapping
180 degree meridian which serves as the transition line for c…
Asthenosphere
Partially molten plasticlike, flowing layer located below the…
Time zones in the USA
6
science term 4 earth science
minerals
minerals identification
3 major rocks
lava
naturally occurring inorganic solids that have a regular atom…
hardness, density, colour, lustre, crystal form, cleavage, st…
igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic
molten rock found above the Earth
minerals
naturally occurring inorganic solids that have a regular atom…
minerals identification
hardness, density, colour, lustre, crystal form, cleavage, st…
Earth Science Terms
Luster
Hardness
Cleavage
Fracture
The characteristic of being shiny
The comparative ability of a substance to scratch or be scrat…
The characteristic of a rock or mineral to break in preferred…
The characteristic appearance of a broken surface
Luster
The characteristic of being shiny
Hardness
The comparative ability of a substance to scratch or be scrat…
10 terms
Earth Science Terms
Differential Weathering
Rate of Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Spheroidal Weathering
Bryce Canyon with spectacular pinnacles of differing shapes/s…
rock characteristics and climate most directly affect it.
Water is the most important agent
a form of chemical weathering
Differential Weathering
Bryce Canyon with spectacular pinnacles of differing shapes/s…
Rate of Weathering
rock characteristics and climate most directly affect it.
8 terms
Earth Science 1.1 Terms
atmosphere
biosphere
constructive force
destructive force
the Earth's outermost layer composed of a relatively thin env…
all living organisms on Earth
forces that build up or shape the Earth's surface
forces that wear away or destroy landmasses
atmosphere
the Earth's outermost layer composed of a relatively thin env…
biosphere
all living organisms on Earth
26 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Terms
Convergent Boundary
Subduction
Divergent Boundary
Transform Boundary
where two or more tectonic plates move toward each other and…
A downward movement of a plate into the mantle beneath anothe…
Two tectonics plates moving away from each other, forms a rif…
Two Tectonic plates slide past each other
Convergent Boundary
where two or more tectonic plates move toward each other and…
Subduction
A downward movement of a plate into the mantle beneath anothe…
17 terms
Earth science terms
Geo
Logy
Astr
Seismo
Earth
The study of
Space
Earthquake
Geo
Earth
Logy
The study of
15 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Terms
Convergent Boundary
Subduction
Divergent Boundary
Transform Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move toward each other.
The process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath a deep-ocean…
A plate boundary where two plates move away from each other.
A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opp…
Convergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move toward each other.
Subduction
The process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath a deep-ocean…
26 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Terms
Convergent Boundary
Subduction
Divergent Boundary
Transform Boundary
When two or more tectonic plates move toward each other and c…
A downward movement of a plate into the mantle below another…
Two tectonic plates moving away from each other
Two tectonic plates slide past each other
Convergent Boundary
When two or more tectonic plates move toward each other and c…
Subduction
A downward movement of a plate into the mantle below another…
40 terms
Earth Science Terms
troposphere
stratosphere
mesosphere (atmosphere)
thermosphere
the lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere
the 2nd layer of the atmosphere from 16-50 km up
3rd layer of the atmosphere from 50-80 km
4th layer of atmosphere from 80-500 km
troposphere
the lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere
stratosphere
the 2nd layer of the atmosphere from 16-50 km up
19 terms
Science earth terms
crust
mantle
outer core
plate tectonics
outermost layer of the earth
largest layer of earth lying directly above the outer core
liquid layer which lies above the inner core
theory that earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into pl…
crust
outermost layer of the earth
mantle
largest layer of earth lying directly above the outer core
Science terms earth science
waxing
waning
gibbous
crescent moon
(of the moon) pertaining to the period during which the visib…
(of the moon) pertaining to the period during which the visib…
Moon phase in which more than half of the Moon appears to be…
the phase of the moon in which only a curved edge of the moon…
waxing
(of the moon) pertaining to the period during which the visib…
waning
(of the moon) pertaining to the period during which the visib…
28 terms
Earth Science Mid-Term
How do you locate a city in NYS?
Density stays the same...
What is the solve for mass formula?
Define Volume
Use latitude (across) and longitude (side to side) to locate
No matter what size or shape
D=M/V
Volume is the amount of space an object occupies
How do you locate a city in NYS?
Use latitude (across) and longitude (side to side) to locate
Density stays the same...
No matter what size or shape
26 terms
Earth Science Mid-Term Review (Short Version)
Color
igneous
Metamorphic Rocks
Cleavage
Mineral Property that can not be used alone to determine iden…
Rocks that form from volcanic activity
Occasionally have banded and foliated minerals
Mineral property that results in cracking along flat faces
Color
Mineral Property that can not be used alone to determine iden…
igneous
Rocks that form from volcanic activity
41 terms
earth science terms
constellation
gnomon
quadrant
refractor telescope
a named pattern of stars
upright object set in place to cast a shadow in sunlight for…
navigational instrument used to measure a star's position abo…
a telescope that uses only lenses to concentrate the light fr…
constellation
a named pattern of stars
gnomon
upright object set in place to cast a shadow in sunlight for…
Earth Science Terms
erosion
fossil
bio fuel
alternative energy
condition in which the earth's surface is worn away by the ac…
the remains (or an impression) of a plant or animal that exis…
A fuel produced from dry organic matter or combustible oils p…
energy derived from sources that do not use up natural resour…
erosion
condition in which the earth's surface is worn away by the ac…
fossil
the remains (or an impression) of a plant or animal that exis…
Earth Science Terms
Satellite
Moon
Mare
Gallilean moons
A natural or artificial body that revolves around a planet
A natural satellite that revolves around a planet.
A large, dark area of basalt on the moon
the four largest moons of Jupiter
Satellite
A natural or artificial body that revolves around a planet
Moon
A natural satellite that revolves around a planet.
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