Study sets matching "terminology endocrine system medical short"

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Medical Terminology: A Short Course-Appendix 1:Endocrine System-Terminology
adrenopathy
adrenalectomy
hypophyseal
oophoritis
disease of the adrenal gland
surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands
of or relating to the hypophysis
inflammation of one or both ovaries
adrenopathy
disease of the adrenal gland
adrenalectomy
surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands
14 terms
Medical Terminology: A Short Course-Appendix 1:Endocrine System-Terminology
adrenopathy
adrenalectomy
hypophyseal
oophoritis
disease of the adrenal gland
surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands
of or relating to the hypophysis
inflammation of one or both ovaries
adrenopathy
disease of the adrenal gland
adrenalectomy
surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands
87 terms
Medical Terminology Endocrine System
acr/o
adren/o
crin/o
-dipsia
extremities
adrenal glands
secrete
thirst
acr/o
extremities
adren/o
adrenal glands
80 terms
Endocrine System - Medical Terminology
hormone
Endocrine Glands
Exocrine Glands
adrenal cortex
substance that is produced by endocrine gland
secrete these hormones directly into the bloodstream
send chemical substances via ducts to the outside of the body
outer section of the gland near or toward the kidney (cortex:…
hormone
substance that is produced by endocrine gland
Endocrine Glands
secrete these hormones directly into the bloodstream
15 terms
Medical Terminology of Endocrine System
Hormones
Growth & Development
Reproduction
Secrete
Chemical messengers or signals from endocrine glands
maturing from infancy through adulthood
fertilization of female ova forms into a new individual human
to discharge a substance from a gland
Hormones
Chemical messengers or signals from endocrine glands
Growth & Development
maturing from infancy through adulthood
34 terms
Medical Terminology: The Endocrine System
ad-
endo-
epi-
exo-
toward
within
upon
out; away from
ad-
toward
endo-
within
33 terms
Medical Terminology: A Short Course Appendix I Endocrine System DMA
adren/o
adrenal/o
hypophys/o
oophor/o ovari/o
adrenal gland CF
adrenal gland CF
pituitary gland CF
ovary CF (2)
adren/o
adrenal gland CF
adrenal/o
adrenal gland CF
14 terms
Medical Terminology: A Short Course-Endocrine System-Combining Form/Meaning
adreno
(*)adrenalo
hypophyso
oophoro
adrenal gland
(*) adrenal gland
pituitary gland
ovary
adreno
adrenal gland
(*)adrenalo
(*) adrenal gland
medical terminology endocrine system
dips/o
gluc/o, glucose/o, glyc/o
hormone/o
ket/o, keton/o
Thirst
glucose sugar
hormone
ketone bodies
dips/o
Thirst
gluc/o, glucose/o, glyc/o
glucose sugar
75 terms
Medical Terminology Endocrine System
acr/o
adren/o
crin/o
-dipsia
extremities
adrenal glands
secrete
thirst
acr/o
extremities
adren/o
adrenal glands
65 terms
Medical Terminology - Endocrine System
Pituitary (hypophysis)
anterior pituitary lobe
posterior pituitary lobe
pineal
master gland; has regulatory effects on other endocrine glands
influences growth and sexual development, thyroid function, a…
stimulates the reabsorption of water and elevates blood press…
helps regulate the release of gonadotropin and controls body…
Pituitary (hypophysis)
master gland; has regulatory effects on other endocrine glands
anterior pituitary lobe
influences growth and sexual development, thyroid function, a…
11 terms
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
aden/o
adren/o, adrenal/o
cortic/o
crin/o
gland
adrenal glands
cortex
secrete
aden/o
gland
adren/o, adrenal/o
adrenal glands
Medical Terminology Endocrine System
acromegaly
Addison's disease
adrenalitis
aldosteronism
enlargement of the extremities
Occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough of the h…
Inflammation of the adrenal glands
abnormality of electrolyte balance caused by the excessive se…
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities
Addison's disease
Occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough of the h…
186 terms
Medical Terminology Endocrine System
kali
adren/o
crin/o
-dipsia
potassium
adrenal glands
secrete
thirst
kali
potassium
adren/o
adrenal glands
Medical Terminology-Endocrine System
Endocrine glands
Endocrine structures
acr/o
adren/o
secrete hormones that regulate: metabolic rate, water,mineral…
adrenal glands, ovaries, pancreas,parathyroid glands, pineal,…
extremities
adrenal glands
Endocrine glands
secrete hormones that regulate: metabolic rate, water,mineral…
Endocrine structures
adrenal glands, ovaries, pancreas,parathyroid glands, pineal,…
Endocrine System Medical Terminology
acro-
adreno-
ante-
-crine
body extremity
adrenal gland
before, in front of
secrete
acro-
body extremity
adreno-
adrenal gland
101 terms
Medical Terminology - The endocrine system
Acid/o
Acr/o
Aden/o
adenohypophysis
(combining form) acid
(combining form) extremity, point
(combining form) gland
anterior lobe of the pituitary
Acid/o
(combining form) acid
Acr/o
(combining form) extremity, point
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
The Endocrine System
The Pituitary Gland
Anterior Lobe: adenohypophysis
Prolactin (PRL)
Produces chemicals (hormones) that trigger body responses tha…
Also called the "master gland"
A pituitary gland, where the anterior pituitary hormones are…
Milk production.
The Endocrine System
Produces chemicals (hormones) that trigger body responses tha…
The Pituitary Gland
Also called the "master gland"
85 terms
Medical Terminology-Endocrine System
Endocrine glands
Endocrine structures
acr/o
adren/o
secrete hormones that regulate: metabolic rate, water,mineral…
adrenal glands, ovaries, pancreas,parathyroid glands, pineal,…
extremities
adrenal glands
Endocrine glands
secrete hormones that regulate: metabolic rate, water,mineral…
Endocrine structures
adrenal glands, ovaries, pancreas,parathyroid glands, pineal,…
Medical Terminology- Endocrine System
Pituitary Gland or Hypophysis Cerebri
Anterior Lobe or Adenohypophysis
Growth Hormone (GH)
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
Approximately the size of a pea and located at the base of th…
Produces and secretes the following hormones: GH, ACTH, TSH,…
Regulates the growth of the body.
Stimulates the adrenal cortex.
Pituitary Gland or Hypophysis Cerebri
Approximately the size of a pea and located at the base of th…
Anterior Lobe or Adenohypophysis
Produces and secretes the following hormones: GH, ACTH, TSH,…
21 terms
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
adren/o... adrenal/o
calc/o
crin/o
gluc/o... glyc/o... glycos/o
adrenal glands
calcium
secrete
sugar,... sweetness
adren/o... adrenal/o
adrenal glands
calc/o
calcium
62 terms
Medical Terminology- Endocrine System
antagonistic
electrolyte
glucagon
glucose
Acting in opposition; mutually opposing
Mineral salt (sodium, potassium, and calcium) that carries an…
Hormone produced by pancreatic alpha cells that stimulates th…
Simple sugar that is the end product of carbohydrate digestion
antagonistic
Acting in opposition; mutually opposing
electrolyte
Mineral salt (sodium, potassium, and calcium) that carries an…
44 terms
SAVE Medical Terminology: A Short Course Appendix I Endocrine System
Adren/o
Adrenal/o
Hypophys/o
Oophor/o, Ovari/o
adrenal gland CF
adrenal gland CF
pituitary gland CF
ovary CF (2)
Adren/o
adrenal gland CF
Adrenal/o
adrenal gland CF
100 terms
Medical Terminology - Endocrine System
adeno
adreno, adrenalo
andro
crino
gland
adrenal gland
male
to secrete
adeno
gland
adreno, adrenalo
adrenal gland
128 terms
MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY: Endocrine System
acr/o
aden/o
adren/o
calc/o
extremities
gland
adrenal gland
calcium
acr/o
extremities
aden/o
gland
32 terms
Endocrine System Medical Terminology
acro/o
megaly
adren
-al
body extremity
enlargement of
toward the kidney
pertaining to
acro/o
body extremity
megaly
enlargement of
45 terms
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
Primary Function
Homeostasis
Hormones
13 major glands of the endocrine system
Produce hormones that work together to maintain homeostasis
Process through which the body maintains a constant internal…
Chemical messengers that are secreted by the endocrine glands…
1 Pituitary Gland... 1 Pineal Gland... 1 Thyroid Gland... 4 Parathyroi…
Primary Function
Produce hormones that work together to maintain homeostasis
Homeostasis
Process through which the body maintains a constant internal…
69 terms
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
antagonistic
electrolyte
glucagen
glucose
action in opposing, mutually oposing
mineral salt that carries an electrical charge in solution
hormone produced by pancreatic alpha cells that stimulates th…
simple sugar that is the end product of carbohydrate digestion
antagonistic
action in opposing, mutually oposing
electrolyte
mineral salt that carries an electrical charge in solution
142 terms
medical terminology: endocrine system
adrenal glands
hypothalamus
islets of langerhans
ovaries
located above each kidney-hormones that aid in metabolism, el…
part of the brain located near the pituitary gland that secre…
endocrine cells inside the pancreas that secrete hormones (gl…
paired female reproductive organs that produce hormones
adrenal glands
located above each kidney-hormones that aid in metabolism, el…
hypothalamus
part of the brain located near the pituitary gland that secre…
100 terms
Medical Terminology Endocrine system
Adren/o
Acr/o
Gonad/o
-dipsia
Adrenal glands
Extremities
Ovaries or testicles
Thirst
Adren/o
Adrenal glands
Acr/o
Extremities
Medical Terminology, Endocrine System
acr/o
adren/o
calc/i
cortic/o
extremities
adrenal gland
calcium
cortex
acr/o
extremities
adren/o
adrenal gland
37 terms
The Endocrine System - Medical Terminology
acid/o
acr/o
calci/o
crin/o
having an acidic pH (lower than 7.0)
extremity, top
calcium
to secrete
acid/o
having an acidic pH (lower than 7.0)
acr/o
extremity, top
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
adren/o
adrenal/o
calc/o
crin/o
adrenal glands (adrenomegaly)
adreanal glands (adrenalectomy: excision of adrenal glands)
calcium (hypercalcemia: excision of on or both adrenal glands)
secrete (endocrinology: study of endocrine glands)
adren/o
adrenal glands (adrenomegaly)
adrenal/o
adreanal glands (adrenalectomy: excision of adrenal glands)
15 terms
Medical Terminology - Endocrine System
acro-
adreno-
ante-
-crine
body extremity
adrenal gland
before, in front of
secrete
acro-
body extremity
adreno-
adrenal gland
94 terms
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
growth hormone (GH)
thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
Produced by the anterior pituitary gland. It promotes growth…
Produced by the anterior pituitary gland. Stimulates thyroid…
Produced by the anterior pituitary gland. Stimulates the adre…
Produced by the anterior pituitary gland. Stimulates growth a…
growth hormone (GH)
Produced by the anterior pituitary gland. It promotes growth…
thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
Produced by the anterior pituitary gland. Stimulates thyroid…
35 terms
Medical Terminology Endocrine system
acr/o
aden/o
adren/o, adrenal/o
calc/o
extremity
gland
adrenal glands
calcium
acr/o
extremity
aden/o
gland
18 terms
Medical Terminology - Endocrine System
acr/o
aden/o
adren/o
cortic/o
extremities
gland
adrenal glands
cortex
acr/o
extremities
aden/o
gland
38 terms
Endocrine System - Medical Terminology
hormone
Endocrine Glands
Exocrine Glands
adrenal cortex
substance that is produced by endocrine gland
secrete these hormones directly into the bloodstream
send chemical substances via ducts to the outside of the body
outer section of the gland near or toward the kidney (cortex:…
hormone
substance that is produced by endocrine gland
Endocrine Glands
secrete these hormones directly into the bloodstream
13 terms
Medical Terminology- endocrine system
Endocrine system
Acro
Adeno
Gluco
The glands that produce endocrine secretions that help to con…
Extremity
Gland
Sugar
Endocrine system
The glands that produce endocrine secretions that help to con…
Acro
Extremity
83 terms
Medical Terminology, Endocrine System
Endocrine System
gland
Endocrine glands
Exocrine glands
Formed of group of glands which:... ➢ Secrete directly into the…
-an organ that secretes a substance... 2 different types of glan…
❖ Have no Duct (ductless)... ❖ Secrete Hormones
❖ Have ducts... ❖ Secrete different substance (sweat, tears..)... ➢…
Endocrine System
Formed of group of glands which:... ➢ Secrete directly into the…
gland
-an organ that secretes a substance... 2 different types of glan…
51 terms
Endocrine System Medical Terminology
Aden/o
Adren/0
Adrenal/o
Andr/o
Gland
Adrenal gland
Adrenal gland
Male
Aden/o
Gland
Adren/0
Adrenal gland
8 terms
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
Adren/o, adrenal/o
Adrenocortic/o
Endocrine/o
Hypophys/o
Adrenal gland, epinephrine
Adrenal cortex
Endocrine glands or system
Pituitary gland, hypophysis
Adren/o, adrenal/o
Adrenal gland, epinephrine
Adrenocortic/o
Adrenal cortex
Medical Terminology (Endocrine System)
Acromegaly
Gigantism
Dwarfism
Graves's Disease
Excessive quantities of growth hormone AFTER puberty
hyper-secretion of growth hormone BEFORE puberty
Hypo-secretion of growth hormone
hypo-secretion- exopthalmus
Acromegaly
Excessive quantities of growth hormone AFTER puberty
Gigantism
hyper-secretion of growth hormone BEFORE puberty
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
ary
crine
ectomy
emia
Pertaining to
To secrete
Surgical removal
Blood condition
ary
Pertaining to
crine
To secrete
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
Acromegaly
Addison's Disease
Cretinism
Cushing's Disease
Disease characterized by bone enlargement
Disease resulting from deficiency of adrenocortical hormones
Congenital condition due to lack of thyroid secretion
Disease resulting from hypersecretion of glucocorticoids
Acromegaly
Disease characterized by bone enlargement
Addison's Disease
Disease resulting from deficiency of adrenocortical hormones
The endocrine system medical terminology
Adrenal glands
Gonads
Male testicle
Female ovaries
regulate electrolyte levels and influence metabolism
gamete sex cells
sperm producing gland
ova egg producing glands
Adrenal glands
regulate electrolyte levels and influence metabolism
Gonads
gamete sex cells
15 terms
Medical Terminology - Endocrine System
diabetes mellitus (DM)
hyperglycemia
hypoglycemia
tetany
A disorder of glucose metabolism caused by deficiency of insu…
Excess glucose in the blood
Abnormally low level of glucose in the blood
Irritability and spasms of muscles; may be caused y low blood…
diabetes mellitus (DM)
A disorder of glucose metabolism caused by deficiency of insu…
hyperglycemia
Excess glucose in the blood
Medical Terminology-Endocrine System
Endocrine glands
Endocrine structures
acr/o
adren/o
secrete hormones that regulate: metabolic rate, water,mineral…
adrenal glands, ovaries, pancreas,parathyroid glands, pineal,…
extremities
adrenal glands
Endocrine glands
secrete hormones that regulate: metabolic rate, water,mineral…
Endocrine structures
adrenal glands, ovaries, pancreas,parathyroid glands, pineal,…
99 terms
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
a-
anti-
endo-
ex-
without, away from, not
against
inner, within, inside
external, outward, out, out from
a-
without, away from, not
anti-
against
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
BMR
DM
FBS
IDDM
basal metabolic rate
diabetes mellitus
fasting blood sugar
insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (type1 diabetes)
BMR
basal metabolic rate
DM
diabetes mellitus
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